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WALTON COUNTY EDITION
SECTION- TWO X VOL. XVI. NO. 74. PENSACOLA. FLORIDA, SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 16, 1913. PRICE FIVE CENTS. h I Wm ion Co Mil ty Great est - Florida, W Beautiful County Seat of Walton County, Florida. BUILT S00 FEET ABOVE SEA LEVEL, ENCIRCLING A LAKE OF CLEAR SPRING WATER, IT IS THE PROSPEROUS AND PIC TURESQUE HOME OF A RE FINED AND CULTURED PEO : PLE. . tEdltois Note The following: article was prepared for The Journal by Hon. John L. McKlnnon, author of the his tory of Walton county, Just a few days before his recent death. It Is the last manuscript he ever prepared for .publication and probably the last thing of any kind he ever wrote. ' - i ' By Hon. John L. McKlnnon.' Walton county, originally lying be tween Black Water river on the west, Choctawhatohee river on the east, Ala bama en the north, and the Gulf of Mexico on the south, with 2,918 square . miles, was formed In November, A. D, 1828; and the first census taken In 1830 Showed a population of only 1,207 persons, not quite a half man to the square mile, with 1,000 square miles given away. In 1910 the census showed a popu lation of 15,400. This Is progression. November 28 th, A. D., 1842, Walton county, gave her territory west of Yel low rlyer to form Santa Rosa county; and on January 8th, A. D., 1848, she contributed 485 square miles out of her northeast corner to help form Holmes ' county. " - - . This noble old county was located and settled In A. T, 1820, by Scotch, pineers from North Carolina. They found here a tribe of intelligent In dians, ruled by a noble chief, named Som Story, who's ancestors were driven from Mexico by bloody, exterminating wars, very much the same as they are having there now. They coasted along the shore in frail barks, coming east hunting peace, and they say, the Great Spirit led them into this goodly land. They could not count the years that had gone since their coming. The tribe was called "lichees." They were of a very high type of Indians full of rood character, as their association for many years with these Scotch set tlers proved them to be. " Nature has done wonders for this part of the highlands of Western Flor ida; has given It an altitude above the highest; has watered It more abundantly in beautiful rivers, springs andl lakes, that abound in the greatest varieties of table nsh: has given It a variety in soils the sandy loam, the gray and red mole, the heavy swamps or hammock lands, and the rich allu vial soils, with a climate . that will make them grow anything. Staple Crops. Corn, cotton, sugar cane, potatoes, beans and peas have long been the staple crops. But the climate, the lay of the land and the abundances of con venient water point to Walton as an ftdeal stock raising country In the broadest sense and we look to this In dustry as the great success that will place her up with the greatest stock-raising sections. Then these old staple products corn, cotton and the like will not be the leading products We have fully demonstrated here that you can ralss more genuine, nu tritlous stock feed on one acre planted In velvet beans, than you can on two planted In corn and with half the work and 'fertilizers, and, too, the beans re plenish the land while the corn ex hausts rL So you win see In a few years that rtock raising, velvet beans (white and black), soggen beans, and Chinese cane with their kindred plants will be the leading business. I really don't know what we people up this way could do now for stock feed, were it not for the velvet beans we raised in the nooks and crooks of our farms. The white velvet bean Is the moot proliflo and the easiest housed does not sting the hand but it shells out easily and will not keep in the field In the winter months for stock to feed on. So both varieties should be planted. Besides Walton county's bounding waters, she is- blessed with other j streams, noted for beauty and utility, running across and about her terri tory, all leading into that great natural Inland water-way, that Is such a rare and gracious " blessing from our God, Chootawhatchee Bay, the narrows, the sound and Pensacola Bay. ' You can pass in any ordinary weather, in perfect safety, in large or small boats, through these protected waters, on by pld Camp Walton,' with the protection of Santa Rosa island, 60 miles long on your left, and on to our newly regenerated commercial cdty of Pensacola "Queen of the Gulf " Tieae rivers and creeks that run through her territory give power to manufacture her staples with, . and float her timber to the markets. History of P. A A. Division. About a quarter of a century ag j the P. & A. division of the L. and N. railroad was projected from west to east directly through the center of Walton county through the very poor est of her soils. Yon asy "why mrdh a projection?" The topography of the country par tially answers. This . line was on high and dry ridge route, with few cuts and fills. Then the commercial Interests of the owners end builders will answer fully. When you take Into consideration that they wert to get the swamp and over flowed lands along the water-courses and an odd section from either side of the road within the limit of six miles from the road bed for every mile they built. You see readily had they run the road through our rich lands In the northern part of the county, the slx lnlle limit and the Alabama line would have disconcerted them, and had they run It through the rldh lands of Euchee valley they would have encountered the sam trouble the six-mile' limit the Gulf of Mexico and nature's old field would have cut them off. This projection of the road com pletely revolutionized Walton county. It broke up some of our best fam ilies, schools and towns we only had two towns. Ehichee Anna, our capi tal, It killed completely; and our live. active, commercial town Freeport, it chloroformed it. But the big cypress an ! yellow pine mills in and around it, would not let It die and It Is stand ing there as stable now as ever, saying to the railroa:d' "You must tote fair WALTON COUNTY POSTOFFICES. Argyle, Bearhead, Bolton, Bruce, Crestview, Darlington, Deerland, DeFuniak Springs, Dorcas, Ealum, Freeport, Garden City Glen dale, Gordon, Lakewood, Laurel Hill, Luanna, Mossy Head, Niceville, Paxton, Portland, Rcdbay, Stella, Union. e&utiful Picture City of - DePuni&k Springs with cur people; our great natural Inland water-way Is still open, and as free as the air, to bring freights through It to our people." Progressive Towns. Ppon the other hand there has sprung up in our rich lands north of the railroad, other towns, mills, churches, schools and industries that are making good notably, Crestview, I-aurel Hill, Paxton, GJasklns, Darling ton and Glendale. ' These are all live, growing, pro gressive towns, with manufacturing going on and hard roads projecting out, and better than all, these have fine arable lands around them to help hold them up. We living here at the "Hub" are often confronted by strangers, on first entering, with - this speech, namely, "What is It that supports this town wtlh Its schools and colleges, Its Chau tauqua and all these churches and water-works and electric lights? How did you Induce people here to build all these? It seems to us that this is the poorest stop along- this road, and yet it seems to be the largest and most progressive town between the River Junction and Pensacola- It Is a mys tery to us, how you ever started, and how you continue to grow. We thought you would have fallen through long ago. You don't seem to have any back-bone to your town to support it. really, how do you keep It going?" -We answered some of them thus: "Friends, we would Impress you with this great truth, that is so often over lookedthere is more In the people that make a town or country, than in the soU." And before we go further, let as say, that one of the prerequisites In building a town Is to see that It is well lo cateda good healthy climate good water, and beautiful for situation. God graciously blessed us with these, which were great gain to begin with- Then we looked out for good men and women to build with us and we will tell you how we did this. We commenced right away building school houses, churches and colleges. The very first building of any note, was our Chautauqua and Auditorium, which was a drawing card, and It soon drew the state normal here. That did the best work cf any institution In the state for 17 years. Then we went for Palmer college and got rt. and mean to hold it against any politicians. Ho these ether blessings that we have, come In their order and are still com ing. Thus It is we have the pick of the people from the north and the south, to come and live with us and help keep up our educational Institu tions. We already hold strategic positions for advanced education for the south. Had the Backbone. You come again, and say: "You have no back-bone to support your town." This Is often hurled at us, and is a very much mistaken charge we have more than one back-bone. If you mean rich productive lands. There are our rich pine and ham mock lands lying on the prongs of the two Alaquas to our southwest the rich Buchee valley lands, that in clude the rldh, deep soils of Mossy Bend these lands that sustained the sturdy old pioneers for nearly a cen tury, and with our advanced ideas In farming and Improved farming imple ments are worth more now than they ever were. Go, say. from six to ten miles north of us and you will come to the very best productive lands the Cany creek yellow lands, which are as productive as the red lands of Jackson county, and you will be surprised, too, at what these lands right here on which this town Is built will produce with proper encouragement. Dont think for a moment, that we keep all our values on exhibition all the time. "What yon dont see, ask for It." We have ventlbrates In abundance. You may find them on the sides. When the Panama canal Is pleted we expect to use Pensacola as one of our back-bones. We dont want to grow to the mam moth size she Is aspiring to we are thinking about putting on the brakes now. So, you good people, who would like to come in with us, come In now, before we shut down and while ft Is not too late- Marvelous Development of Rich Agricultural xind Stock Raising Section. OFFICIAL LIFE IN WALTON COUNTY. Hon. D. Stuart Gillls Is mayor of IeFuniak Springs, and Is a Walton county boy In whom everyone takes the friendliest interest. M. T. King Is chairman of the city council, the re maining councilmen being M. T. King, W. Lu Cawthon, J. N. Laird, E- P. Mader, Dr. D. H. Simmons, P. L. Bid Jdle, and George W. Ward. A. R, Campbell Is city clerk. Being also the county seat of Wal ton, DeFuniak has Its list of county officials, who are as follows: County clerk, C. H. Gordon; county Judge, W. E. Parrish; county tax collector.' Jas. A. McLean ; county tax assessor, D. A, Gillls; county sheriff, J. M. Bell; superintendent of county schools, D. N. Trotman; Judge of the county crim inal court. Honorable D. S. Gillls, county solicitor, A. G. Campbell; clerk of the criminal court, A. R. Campbell; county engineer, G. K. Armes. For literature on Walton county write to Secretary Geo. K. Armes, of the Commercial Association, DeFuniak, Florida. ITS SETTLEMENT "DATES BACK MORE THAN A HUNDRED YEARS WHEN STURDY WHITE HOME-SEEKERS- RECOGNIZED ITS WEALTH OF RESOURCES ' AND SPLENDID CLIMATE. A city of enterprise, with a populacs fully capable of 'making the "most of its great advantages on every hand, !s DeFuniak Springs, the far-famed and altogether delightful Chautauqua City of West Florida. Built on the banks of Chautauqua Lake a llmcidly beautiful. peopled sparkling body of purest water from the purest of unseen springs, 80 feet deep and one mile in clrcumfer ance DeFuniak is located in ner most ideal for the city beautiful enmusiast, along with her numerous other and more practical assets. Surrounded by ninev woods sti . magnificent rolling country, drained by nature, 300 feet above the sea, De Funiak presents a situation ideal for the health-seeker and for the home- seeker,, in fact, a haven for the man who would build himself a home In the heart of boundless resources which are surely his upon every side. DeFuniak Springs on account of its matchless climatic conditions makes the year round resort DroDosition a glowing possibility. , The Chautauaua assemblT whlh meets once a year In a beautiful am phitheatre situated directly on the banks of the picture-lake. Chautau qua, advertises the city admirably throughout the length and breadth of the country. The farminsr possibilities of Walton county, which are spoken of elsewhere in this edition attract the farmers ot Iowa, Indiana, Illinois, the Dakotas, (Continued on Next Page.) I 1 f " I By o ii ii - ii 4' ID) 1 C ft I a - Basmaafil S ft 1 -. 9 It tl S3 " Agency u yyss t's a Pleasure to Do Business With Good People. Let Us Hear From You at Once on the Home and Investment Question. lecSaB Iter to EDesIra Colored Settlers. bEe "Lincoln Heights" consists of the best building lots in East DeFuniak They face the National Highway on the south, the L. & N railroad on the north, and the hard road on the west Write or call on Mr Turner for par ticulars 0 Fine Lots on Easy 'tnnis . Pqss TTiiSs dBoocfl Word floim The Charles F, Turner Real Estate Agency buys and sells real estate, timber turpentine sawmill farm and city property cut-over lands, land for colonization, game reserves and grazing lands. The Charles F Turner Real Estate Agency addressed at DeFuniak Springs, Walton County, Fla, will be your very best means of locating your future home or your future investment, because, being a booster for West Florida, Mr. Turner cares, and will personally see that everyone is satis fied, once they are here. Write him today. Get acquainted with the real estate agency that backs up what it says. A Very Special Proposition to Business and Professional Men. A special branch of the Turner Agency, which is new and very promising, and which is to consist of 500 of the best business men of this and neighbor ing sections, is worthy of your immediate considers tion. All sawmill and turpentine men, salesmen, lawyers, bankers, railroad men, public officials, etc., in touch with the building public, are asked to call on or write to Mr. Turner about this exceptional offer of combination. A Stock Certificate of Member ship, Good for 5 Years, Costs $50 66 M&K TURNER!" n i urner i 3 ehcy 9 DeFUNIAK SPRINGS, FLORIDA.