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The Pensacola journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, March 16, 1913, SECTION TWO, Image 11

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VOL. XVI. NO. 74.
ion Co Mil ty Great
est - Florida,
Beautiful County Seat of
Walton County,
: PLE. .
tEdltois Note The following: article
was prepared for The Journal by Hon.
John L. McKlnnon, author of the his
tory of Walton county, Just a few
days before his recent death. It Is the
last manuscript he ever prepared for
.publication and probably the last thing
of any kind he ever wrote.
' - i '
By Hon. John L. McKlnnon.'
Walton county, originally lying be
tween Black Water river on the west,
Choctawhatohee river on the east, Ala
bama en the north, and the Gulf of
Mexico on the south, with 2,918 square
. miles, was formed In November, A. D,
1828; and the first census taken In 1830
Showed a population of only 1,207
persons, not quite a half man to the
square mile, with 1,000 square miles
given away.
In 1910 the census showed a popu
lation of 15,400. This Is progression.
November 28 th, A. D., 1842, Walton
county, gave her territory west of Yel
low rlyer to form Santa Rosa county;
and on January 8th, A. D., 1848, she
contributed 485 square miles out of her
northeast corner to help form Holmes
' county. " - - .
This noble old county was located
and settled In A. T, 1820, by Scotch,
pineers from North Carolina. They
found here a tribe of intelligent In
dians, ruled by a noble chief, named
Som Story, who's ancestors were driven
from Mexico by bloody, exterminating
wars, very much the same as they
are having there now. They coasted
along the shore in frail barks, coming
east hunting peace, and they say, the
Great Spirit led them into this goodly
land. They could not count the years
that had gone since their coming. The
tribe was called "lichees." They were
of a very high type of Indians full of
rood character, as their association
for many years with these Scotch set
tlers proved them to be. "
Nature has done wonders for this
part of the highlands of Western Flor
ida; has given It an altitude above
the highest; has watered It more
abundantly in beautiful rivers, springs
andl lakes, that abound in the greatest
varieties of table nsh: has given It
a variety in soils the sandy loam, the
gray and red mole, the heavy swamps
or hammock lands, and the rich allu
vial soils, with a climate . that will
make them grow anything.
Staple Crops.
Corn, cotton, sugar cane, potatoes,
beans and peas have long been the
staple crops. But the climate, the lay
of the land and the abundances of con
venient water point to Walton as an
ftdeal stock raising country In the
broadest sense and we look to this In
dustry as the great success that
will place her up with the greatest
stock-raising sections. Then these old
staple products corn, cotton and the
like will not be the leading products
We have fully demonstrated here
that you can ralss more genuine, nu
tritlous stock feed on one acre planted
In velvet beans, than you can on two
planted In corn and with half the work
and 'fertilizers, and, too, the beans re
plenish the land while the corn ex
hausts rL
So you win see In a few years that
rtock raising, velvet beans (white and
black), soggen beans, and Chinese cane
with their kindred plants will be the
leading business.
I really don't know what we people
up this way could do now for stock
feed, were it not for the velvet beans
we raised in the nooks and crooks of
our farms.
The white velvet bean Is the moot
proliflo and the easiest housed does
not sting the hand but it shells out
easily and will not keep in the field In
the winter months for stock to feed on.
So both varieties should be planted.
Besides Walton county's bounding
waters, she is- blessed with other j
streams, noted for beauty and utility,
running across and about her terri
tory, all leading into that great natural
Inland water-way, that Is such a rare
and gracious " blessing from our God,
Chootawhatchee Bay, the narrows, the
sound and Pensacola Bay. '
You can pass in any ordinary
weather, in perfect safety, in large or
small boats, through these protected
waters, on by pld Camp Walton,' with
the protection of Santa Rosa island, 60
miles long on your left, and on to our
newly regenerated commercial cdty of
Pensacola "Queen of the Gulf "
Tieae rivers and creeks that run
through her territory give power to
manufacture her staples with, . and
float her timber to the markets.
History of P. A A. Division.
About a quarter of a century ag j
the P. & A. division of the L. and N.
railroad was projected from west to
east directly through the center of
Walton county through the very poor
est of her soils.
Yon asy "why mrdh a projection?"
The topography of the country par
tially answers. This . line was on
high and dry ridge route, with few
cuts and fills.
Then the commercial Interests of the
owners end builders will answer fully.
When you take Into consideration that
they wert to get the swamp and over
flowed lands along the water-courses
and an odd section from either side of
the road within the limit of six miles
from the road bed for every mile they
You see readily had they run the
road through our rich lands In the
northern part of the county, the slx
lnlle limit and the Alabama line would
have disconcerted them, and had they
run It through the rldh lands of Euchee
valley they would have encountered
the sam trouble the six-mile' limit
the Gulf of Mexico and nature's old
field would have cut them off.
This projection of the road com
pletely revolutionized Walton county.
It broke up some of our best fam
ilies, schools and towns we only had
two towns. Ehichee Anna, our capi
tal, It killed completely; and our live.
active, commercial town Freeport, it
chloroformed it. But the big cypress
an ! yellow pine mills in and around
it, would not let It die and It Is stand
ing there as stable now as ever, saying
to the railroa:d' "You must tote fair
DeFuniak Springs,
Garden City
Glen dale,
Laurel Hill,
Mossy Head,
e&utiful Picture City
of - DePuni&k Springs
with cur people; our great natural
Inland water-way Is still open, and as
free as the air, to bring freights
through It to our people."
Progressive Towns.
Ppon the other hand there has
sprung up in our rich lands north of
the railroad, other towns, mills,
churches, schools and industries that
are making good notably, Crestview,
I-aurel Hill, Paxton, GJasklns, Darling
ton and Glendale.
' These are all live, growing, pro
gressive towns, with manufacturing
going on and hard roads projecting
out, and better than all, these have
fine arable lands around them to
help hold them up.
We living here at the "Hub" are
often confronted by strangers, on first
entering, with - this speech, namely,
"What is It that supports this town
wtlh Its schools and colleges, Its Chau
tauqua and all these churches and
water-works and electric lights? How
did you Induce people here to build
all these? It seems to us that this
is the poorest stop along- this road, and
yet it seems to be the largest and most
progressive town between the River
Junction and Pensacola- It Is a mys
tery to us, how you ever started, and
how you continue to grow. We thought
you would have fallen through long
ago. You don't seem to have any
back-bone to your town to support it.
really, how do you keep It going?"
-We answered some of them thus:
"Friends, we would Impress you with
this great truth, that is so often over
lookedthere is more In the people
that make a town or country, than in
the soU."
And before we go further, let as say,
that one of the prerequisites In building
a town Is to see that It is well lo
cateda good healthy climate good
water, and beautiful for situation. God
graciously blessed us with these,
which were great gain to begin with-
Then we looked out for good men
and women to build with us and we
will tell you how we did this. We
commenced right away building school
houses, churches and colleges. The
very first building of any note, was
our Chautauqua and Auditorium, which
was a drawing card, and It soon drew
the state normal here. That did the
best work cf any institution In the
state for 17 years. Then we went for
Palmer college and got rt. and mean
to hold it against any politicians. Ho
these ether blessings that we have,
come In their order and are still com
ing. Thus It is we have the pick of
the people from the north and the
south, to come and live with us and
help keep up our educational Institu
tions. We already hold strategic positions
for advanced education for the south.
Had the Backbone.
You come again, and say: "You
have no back-bone to support your
This Is often hurled at us, and is a
very much mistaken charge we have
more than one back-bone. If you mean
rich productive lands.
There are our rich pine and ham
mock lands lying on the prongs of
the two Alaquas to our southwest
the rich Buchee valley lands, that in
clude the rldh, deep soils of Mossy
Bend these lands that sustained the
sturdy old pioneers for nearly a cen
tury, and with our advanced ideas In
farming and Improved farming imple
ments are worth more now than they
ever were. Go, say. from six to ten
miles north of us and you will come to
the very best productive lands the
Cany creek yellow lands, which are as
productive as the red lands of Jackson
county, and you will be surprised, too,
at what these lands right here on
which this town Is built will produce
with proper encouragement.
Dont think for a moment, that we
keep all our values on exhibition all
the time.
"What yon dont see, ask for It."
We have ventlbrates In abundance.
You may find them on the sides.
When the Panama canal Is
pleted we expect to use Pensacola as
one of our back-bones.
We dont want to grow to the mam
moth size she Is aspiring to we are
thinking about putting on the brakes
now. So, you good people, who would
like to come in with us, come In now,
before we shut down and while ft Is
not too late-
Marvelous Development of
Rich Agricultural xind
Stock Raising Section.
Hon. D. Stuart Gillls Is mayor of
IeFuniak Springs, and Is a Walton
county boy In whom everyone takes
the friendliest interest. M. T. King Is
chairman of the city council, the re
maining councilmen being M. T. King,
W. Lu Cawthon, J. N. Laird, E- P.
Mader, Dr. D. H. Simmons, P. L. Bid
Jdle, and George W. Ward. A. R,
Campbell Is city clerk.
Being also the county seat of Wal
ton, DeFuniak has Its list of county
officials, who are as follows: County
clerk, C. H. Gordon; county Judge,
W. E. Parrish; county tax collector.'
Jas. A. McLean ; county tax assessor,
D. A, Gillls; county sheriff, J. M. Bell;
superintendent of county schools, D.
N. Trotman; Judge of the county crim
inal court. Honorable D. S. Gillls,
county solicitor, A. G. Campbell; clerk
of the criminal court, A. R. Campbell;
county engineer, G. K. Armes.
For literature on Walton county
write to Secretary Geo. K. Armes, of
the Commercial Association, DeFuniak,
A city of enterprise, with a populacs
fully capable of 'making the "most of its
great advantages on every hand, !s
DeFuniak Springs, the far-famed and
altogether delightful Chautauqua City
of West Florida.
Built on the banks of Chautauqua
Lake a llmcidly beautiful.
peopled sparkling body of purest water
from the purest of unseen springs, 80
feet deep and one mile in clrcumfer
ance DeFuniak is located in
ner most ideal for the city beautiful
enmusiast, along with her numerous
other and more practical assets.
Surrounded by ninev woods sti .
magnificent rolling country, drained by
nature, 300 feet above the sea, De
Funiak presents a situation ideal for
the health-seeker and for the home-
seeker,, in fact, a haven for the man
who would build himself a home In
the heart of boundless resources which
are surely his upon every side.
DeFuniak Springs on account of its
matchless climatic conditions makes
the year round resort DroDosition a
glowing possibility. ,
The Chautauaua assemblT whlh
meets once a year In a beautiful am
phitheatre situated directly on the
banks of the picture-lake. Chautau
qua, advertises the city admirably
throughout the length and breadth of
the country.
The farminsr possibilities of Walton
county, which are spoken of elsewhere
in this edition attract the farmers ot
Iowa, Indiana, Illinois, the Dakotas,
(Continued on Next Page.)
I 1 f " I
ii ii - ii
ID) 1 C
ft I a - Basmaafil S ft 1 -. 9 It tl S3 "
t's a Pleasure to Do Business With Good People. Let Us Hear
From You at Once on the Home and Investment Question.
lecSaB Iter to EDesIra
Colored Settlers.
"Lincoln Heights" consists of the
best building lots in East DeFuniak
They face the National Highway on
the south, the L. & N railroad on the
north, and the hard road on the west
Write or call on Mr Turner for par
ticulars 0 Fine Lots on Easy
'tnnis .
Pqss TTiiSs dBoocfl Word floim
The Charles F, Turner Real Estate Agency buys and
sells real estate, timber turpentine sawmill farm and city
property cut-over lands, land for colonization, game reserves
and grazing lands.
The Charles F Turner Real Estate Agency addressed
at DeFuniak Springs, Walton County, Fla, will be your
very best means of locating your future home or your future
investment, because, being a booster for West Florida, Mr.
Turner cares, and will personally see that everyone is satis
fied, once they are here.
Write him today. Get acquainted with the real estate
agency that backs up what it says.
A Very Special Proposition to
Business and Professional Men.
A special branch of the Turner Agency, which
is new and very promising, and which is to consist
of 500 of the best business men of this and neighbor
ing sections, is worthy of your immediate considers
tion. All sawmill and turpentine men, salesmen,
lawyers, bankers, railroad men, public officials, etc.,
in touch with the building public, are asked to call on
or write to Mr. Turner about this exceptional offer
of combination.
A Stock Certificate of Member
ship, Good for 5 Years, Costs $50
i urner i

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