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Generally fair Monday and Tuesday; rising temperature in northwest por tion Monday and in north portion Tuesday; moderate, north winds. iPENSACOLA'S RAILROADS. s A new railroad Is now operating trains fprto the Deep Water City. A third road Is laying rails. A fourth road Is being . graded. You cant make a mistake by - , Investing In Pensacola. VOL. XVI. NO. 75. PENSACOLA. FLORIDA. MONDAY MORNING, MARCH 17, 1913. PRICE FIVE CENTS. WANT REPEAL OF FREE TOLLS PROVISION OF PROSPECTS BRIGHT FOR SECURING FRANCHISE. IN COTTONSTATESLEAGUE TRAIN SERVICE FROM PENSAGOL A NORTH MAY BE ABANDONEDTODAY MA CANAL LAW HI! II 11 II II fl 11 II HtM V W - - PANA Trustees of Carnegie Endow ment for Peace Issue An Appeal. ' THIS NATION SHOULD . KEEP OBLIGATIONS United States, Says Trustees in a . Signed Statement, j Should Be the Most Scru j pulous of AH Countries in ( Observing Treaties, and I 'Asks the People to Bring f Pressure to Bear on Rep f rescntatives. . r ' . BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington, March. 16. Declaring the United States ought to be the moat ertrpulous of all. nations in keeping 4t treaty obligatoions, "even to its own 3i art, the trustees of the Carnegie En dowment for International Peace to night Issued an appeal to the Ameri can people to bring about a repeal Z the frpe tolls provisioa of the Pan- ma canal la w. The appeal is in the form of a state ment over the signatures of the hoard cf the trustees' endownment. in-eluding many prominent persons, and is as f ol Jows: "The members of the Board of Trus tees of the Carnegia Endowment for International Peace, invito the atten tion of their fellow-citUens to the fol lowing statement concerning thfr grave international discussion, which .ha e risen over the exemption of American coastwise vetwwls from tolls - on the Panama canal: , ' ;"On November IS. 1901, a treaty t facilitate the construction of a ship .aal to connect the Atlantic and Pa cific Oceana was concluded between "the United 'States and Ireat Britain, t the request and on , the initiative' of the United State?.; The essential rrorislons of . the treaty were 1 that sty? caml may be. ctitructeid unc" auspices of the government of the United States,' and that 'the said gov -, ernment' shall have and enjoy all th-i rights incident 'to such construction1 b.s well as the exclusive right 'of . pro -vidingfor the regulation and nmM roent of the canal, (2V that 'the canal nhall be free and open to the- vessels of commerce and of war of all nn t!on observing these rules, on term? of rtire equality, (3) that the plant for operating the canal and the canal itself ehall He neut.ra,lizedV and shall enjoy complete immunity from attack or in jury by belligerents: (4) that the United States shall be at liberty to maintain an adequate military police along- the canal; and (5) that 'no change of territorial sovereignty or of the international relations of the coun try or countries traversed by the before-mentioned canal shall ' affect the general principle. of neutralization or the obligation of the high contracting parties under the present treaty. , NECESSARY PRELIMINARY. "The conelndmff of this treaty f commonly spoken of as the Hayi Pauncefote Treaty -was a necessary preliminary, to the construction of any Isthmian .canal by the United States or under its auspices; because by a previous convention between the tame parties' concluded in April, 1 S50, the United' States ami Great Britain had hound themselves that neither would 'ever obtain or maintain for Itself any exclusive control over an Isthmian rajhi.1 or maintain any fort Ln cat ions commanding the some. or exercise do minion over 'any part of Central Amer ica The contracting parties further greed to protect the canal from 'in terruption, seizure, or unjust confisca tion. and to guarantee its neutrality. "This convention commonly epoken of as the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty made at the request and on the in itiative of the United States, estab lished the general principle of the neutralization of any Isthmian canal whksh might be constructed, a princi ple which the Hay - Faupnoeforte Treaty reaffirmed. - ANOTHER TREATY. "On the 4th of April. 108. the United States and Great Britain made another treaty in which they agreed that 'dif ferences which may arise of a logaJ. nature or relating to the Interpreta tion of treaties existing between the two contracting parties and which it may not have been possible to settle (Continued on Page Two)' Mother Produces a Sensation By Kid napmg Her Own Children SPECIAL TO THE JOURNAL.. Bogue Chitto. Miss., March 16. The kidnaping of the 9 and 7-year-old chil dren of J. E. . Hart, a farmer residing two miles west of this place, a few lUys since by a former wife of Mr. Hart and the mother of the kidnaped t-liildren has produced a sensation. It appears that as a result of divorce proceeding three years ago Mr. Hart was awarded the custody of the chil dren, lie paid his former wife a. neat sum of money as her share in the et-taic. Later Mr, Hart remarried, auJ FLOOD SITUATION- ' THROUGHOUT GEORGIA CONTINUES SERIOUS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. 1 Atlanta, March 16. The flood sit uation in Georgia continues serious tonight. The first flood stage was reached at Augusta, at ten o'clock this morning.' Tonight the -water is slowly receding. Railroad traffic is greatly crippled and many families driven from their homes. William Wilson, a night watch roan of the Interstate Chemical Company, was drowned today-when the levee ' along the . Ocmulgee broke, flooding the factory district, ENGLISH AUTHORESS SEEKS INJUNCTION XT j . . i v . i win. ?r 51arte oirell -l .praintiJfE triimiC action i to le heard--in ' the-chancery court in London soon. Thi novelist is asking the court i to grant an Injunction re straining ; George Gray, the . noted -audeyille . performer, from producing a sketch-entitled :- "The People's King." Corel!! alleges the sketch is a dram-' atizatton'' of. '' her:'.' book.'; : "Temporal Power," incidents in which form the basis of Gray's sketch. 3 ' . I .Gray denied the novelist's charges, and says' his sketch was written be fore "Temporal Power"' was published. Generally Fair Over Country the Entire Week BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. r'" Washington, March 16. Low tem- l peratures for the season will "prevail over the greater , part ' of the coming week 'over the ' country, : with frost Monday and Tuesday iii; southern stats. except the. contraband southern portions of Florida,, according to the week ' weather, bureau . bulletin today. Excepting the North Pacific states. the Veather will be generally fair,' says the bulletin. The next disturb ance will roach the eastern 6tates Vrl day or Saturday and be preceded by rising tempera tures -; and - attended by local rains. . ' BRYAN TO BE HONOR GUEST. Washington, March 16. Secretary Fryan today accepted-an invitation to be the chief guest of honor at the second annual banquet in Xew York next "month of the Pan-American So ciety of the United States, of which' Henry White, former ambassador from this country to France, is president.1 All the Latin-American diplomatic corps will be invited as special guests. NEW FEBRUARY RECORD IN FOREIGN COMMERCE Washington, March 16. A high record for February . in thehistory of American foreign commerce was" es tablished last month, the bureau of foreign and domestic, commerce an nounced today. The' exports were $194.2"0,915, and imports were $149." 659.214. . haxi entered the children in a nearby school. The former Mrs. Hart, familiar with the. surroundings, had, on the eventful morning, secreted herself to an adjacent woods to await the chil dren's coming. In a short while 'she had induceu them to accompany her in a waiting vehicle to this place. . That night Mr. Hart traced the wife of former years to this place, where she hnd secured a livery, conves'aneo to McComb, twelve miles south, of here, where all traces were lost. A warrant for hor c'eiT-ntkm is in the bauus of the legal authorities. :s ' v v i --f :-;:;-' ':;:: : j Jr ' 7 - ' . i EXTRA SESSION MAY CONSIDER MATTERS Congressional Circles Are Watching- White House for Indications. STRONG PRESSURE BROUGHT TO BEAR Evident That Demand Will Be -Made for Considera tion of Currency Reform, , Philippine Independence, Panama Canal Tolls and Woman Suffrage Wilson Firm for Tariff .Revision. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington, March lfi.Congression al cireles are keeping a close watch on the White- House for any indication of a change in sentiment toward the consideration of subjects other than tariff at the special "session. It has become evident during the last few weeks that currency reform, Philip pine independence, Panama canal tolls. woman suffrage and other issues will be forced upon, the attention of the country, before the ... tariff, session is well begun and it will be "difficult to withwtand the pressure-to, take-action then. - . " .' " President Wiltson has-been strong ly urged to tdeal .with' these, matters in his messago and the impression ' of leaders in congress will - be Sflven an opportunity to con?ider them after the Buccess of the tariff program , Is cer tain. Tariff revision is making; headway in the committee . satisfactory to the leaders. .It - will be - ready whan the extra session convenes. , The ...commit tee has virtually . finished . fourteen schedules and will take up the admin istrative, . features tomorrow. . .Chair man Underwood expects the house to pass the .committee's measures with out much opposition. The radical re vision forces have gained strength in the senate and it is now claimed that the bills will experience little dim culty there. V" Suffragettes Almost Mobbed by Big Crowds BY ASSOCIATED PRESS, Xoradon March 16. iSuffragettes who attempted to hold a Sunday afternoon meeting at Hyde park were mobbed by , a crowd of ' ten thousand people For two. hours the park and OxforJ street, nearby,, were scenes of the wtld et disorder. . '. ' - The trouhle began when "General" Mrs. . Flora Drnmmonnf mounted a wiagon and started to speak- ' The crowd, made up largely of stu-denta, wa armed with ammunition of various kinds and tumpts. Hardly ha-d she began speaking when she was pelted with mud, and her speech drowned put with cat calls. The police fita Ely closed the- meeting and escorted the women away with the crowd hurling missies at them. .The Sunday Journal says that details of plot of ' the- suffragettes- to kidnap Lloyd George is just beginning to leak out. , CHILD LABOR IS BRINGING REPROACH BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Jacksonville, Fla., March 16. A res olution declaring that child labor has brought reproach upon American in dustries, though only a small percent of ' factories employ Juvenile tollers, was enthusiastically adopted this af ternoon at a-mass meetmg under; the auspices of the National Child Labor conference in sepsion hure. The reso lution asks co-operation of every American social service welfare or ganization toward suppressing 'the evlL . - . The mass meeting "was opened, by Frederick H. Hudson, of the Florida state senate, representing " Governor Trammell. Dr. A. J. Mickelway, , of Washington, southern 6ecretary of . the child labor committee; Jerome Jones, cf 'Atlanta, editor of the Journal of Labor; Mrs. Florence Kelly, of New York, secretary of the National Con sumers League and Owen Jt. Lovejov, secretary of the child labor committee, were the prakers. OTHER Man- Citizens "N'oluifteer to Subscribetor; Season Tickets. HOLD MEETING THIS MORNING It Has 'Been Called' for 11 .O'Clock in Rooms of Com mercial Association , and Every Citizen is Invited to Attend 'President of Lea gue Will Be Notified at . Noon if - Franchise is De- sired. -j ' . ' - .If the' owners of the "Max en t park secure -as much encouragement this morning as they,dii.,yest'nitiva fran chise in the Cotton States league will be assure-i. Scores : of business men volunteered yesterday to takeseason tickets and to bring1- the -nxater to a cKmax a meeting has been called for this morning at 11 o'clock in the rooms of the -commercial association- Upon the attendance -and result of this meet ing depends whether or not Pensacola is to. have league baseball this sum mer. ' ' While many did-not go to Maxent park, yesterday on account of the cool weather, the Pensacola Baseball, As sociation received many a-ssuraaces of svpr-ort from those who did, for rraoti-ii."-Zy every one approached guaranteed to take one or more tickets a.nd many of tl em volunteered to do so without being asked. - A replj" must be sent out to the president of the league at noon today, and for this reason business me?r of the city are. urged to attend themeet Ing. Tf the opportunity now offered is hot accepted, Pensacola may not have another chajioe of - securing a fran chise. ; If the citizens attend the meet ing in any mrmher and guarantee to take eoon tickets,, a wire will be sent i oto to jkler:dian ccpting the prof- be opened on April 10. Manager,. Oliver .was much encour aged ; last night over the developmehts of . the day.' When seeoi ty a Journal representative he said: . "Owing to the faot that so much interftt was s-hown ln "the movement to take over the franchise in the; Cot ton States league, that the baseball association has decided to call a meet ing of the citi'sens in the rooms of the commercial association in the Blount building today at 11 o'clock. The re-j suit of the meetmg will determine, whether or not Pensacola is to have a team in the Cotton States lea.gue. . A large part of the season tickets which will be eold and which will entitle the holder to witness all games played in Pensaeola during the sea son, have atrea.dy been disposed of, but it will be necessary to sell at least 10 tickets at 125.00 each to insure the aseociation that Pensacola wants league ball. "The . association would urge every one interested in. this movement to bja present at the commercial association rooms at 11 o'clock today. It is ab solutely . necessary that immediate ac tion be taken, as the time limit ex pires at noon today for the acceptance or rejection of the franchise. This is n opportunity for this city to haA-o league baseball in one of . the fastest minor leagues in the south, and.it re mains for Pensacola to sny today whether or not the national game will be played here duaing the long sum mer months. It should also be remem bered that the franchise la permanent, and that Pensacola, once in the league will become a formidable competitor for the pennant and a fixture in pro fessional baseball." Drowned While Taking Pleasure Trip With Bride BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Jacksonville. March 16. H. H. Wal lace, a prominent life Insurance man, lost hie life late today in St. Francis river, when he fell from a. launch in which, with his bride, he was taking a pleasure trip, ' Mrs. Wallace, hysteri cal, blew the boat's whistle to sum mon aid- The body was recovered to night. TEXAS IS PREMIER PRODUCING STATE Vlus ef Products $417,106,000, Her ir.nmtAm CdMm C.rn fi;. u.J ment Carrajiza holds no towns, oom Enormous Cotton Orep Giving Her,""' . uak four hundred an Easy Load. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington. March 16". Texas Is th premier crop' producing, state, with Illinois' second, and Iowa third, accord, tng to the announcement of the de partment of agriculture today. . During 1912, Texas produced $1T. 106.000 worth of the twelve crops re ported. The enormous cotton ' crop gave Texas an easy lead. Missouri is fourth and Ohio fifth. NEW YORKERS WANT CHICAGO VICE AND WAGE INVESTIGATORS TO PROBE GOTHAM J. ;1 ' """" i J7K Nc'JfV Hi sc "v- v 7 Traveling Man Kills Fiancee; Shoots Himself BY ASSOCIATED PRESS, Macon, March 16 After vainly en- deavorirg to effect a reconciliation with his. fiancee, W. II. Mese, if Syl vester, Ga.. a traveling salesman, to day shot and killed Miss Clinnie Hall, of Gordon, Ga., and then committed suicide. The tragedy took place at a local boarding house and was witnessod by several persons. It is said that Meze, angered on Thursday, snatched an en gagement ring from 'Miss Hall's finger, and today she refused a reconciliation. t NATIONAL HARDWARE DEALERS TO MEET Will Corrvene in Jacksonville Wednes day, While Retail Dealers of Florida, Meet in St. Augustine Monday. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS Jacksonville, March 1C. The Xation al Hardware Dealers' Association will moot here In convention Wednesday. and remain in session until the end of the week. Already some delegates are 1 1 ins, anu a ia.rgo nuiuuer yi uurera ore expected on Monday and Tuesday on special trains from Chicago, Boston, New York and Xew Orleans. . The Florida Retail Dealers' Associa tion will be in session at St.." Augus tine Monday and Tuesday, and a, num ber of national delegates are arriv ing early to attend that . convention. A wide range of subjects relating to the trade will be considered at the con ventton here, including. the tariff revision and effects of parcel post on the .hardware business. A large exhibit by the i manufacturers of hardware will be an interesting feature, . ' PRESIDENT AGAIN" : ESCAPES STARERS Worships Inconspicuously at the First Presbyterian Church,. 'Accompanied by Wife and Daughter. . BY ASSOCIATED, PRESS. Washington, March 16. President Wilson again escaped the. starers. clr nit todav and worshipped inconspicu ously at the First Presbjterian church.. With a dozen or more Presbyterian churches within easy reach of tb- White House the president, is keeping Washington busy guessing which ne would select. i Secretary, Bryan was . already In the pew when President and Mrs. Wilson and Miss -Jessie, arrived. The few in the church were not aware of his presence. After church they, stopped at an art gallery and spent the" afternoon ana evening White House. at the WIDE VARIANCE BETWEEN REPORTS Government Says Rebels Are Running Away Private Information is They Are Very Strong. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Mexico City, March 16. -There Is a wide variance between officials and unofficial reports received here regard ing the magnitude of Mexico's latest revolution. According to the gov era - ma.Tids not more men and Is running away from the federal troops. t Private advices from heretofore re libale so'.irce? says he ho!.i3 several strategic point In tha- hills, has four thousand men and is practicably in control of the Mexican Internationa: The public and pres3 of Mexico City, are anxious for peace and beginning to receive with doubts as to the reported owinding of the revolutionary move ment in the north. ' 1 It II I i ! 2 , John D. Rockefeller, Jr., (top left), Rev. Anna. Howard Shaw,an,d Mayor Gaynor. New York. -March 16. The invitation of John r. Rockefeller, Jr., some days ago to Lieutenant Governor O'Hara, of Illinois, to bring his vice and girl wage investigation to this city has been '.. enthusiastically seconded by many persons of note in New York. Mayer. Gay nor.- i one "of .those., who have been deeply stirred by. the find ings of the investigation in .Chicago. He believes the real cause of young girls and women going wrong . is the Kw wages paid them. "The chief cause of the evil is to be found in our social conditions,"-declares the mayor. "If women and girls were paid a . living wage very few of them would become immoral for pay. "Here in New York some of those making the greatest noise on., the sub ject are men who pay starvation wages, to women and girls." "One of 1 the set of men who own tree of . the . biggest department stores In this city, where girls are paid from $2.56 to $10 a week, is swaggering around saying he is going to spend trillions to stop white slavery, as some people call it. . My own opinion is. that he ought to. either raise his wages. or shut up." Dr. Anna Howard Shaw, president o'-the National Women's Suffrage As sociation and well known social work er, favors a national orobe of the fe male wago question and the passage of minimum wage laws. "Unquestionably, the most - prolific cause contributing ' to . vice among yrung women is -the low wages re ceived." she . declares. "In most in stances the employer d-mands a cer tain amount of expenditure on. the personal appearance of employes. This takes a large proportion of their v.-agres. There is very little left for food and shelter, and nothing to satis fy, the natural craving for pleasure and entertainment. "After months of Khis starvation of l oth the physical and i. oral natures there can be but one result. The temptation is not yielded to in a day or week, but a iter months of struggle, when both the physical and moral na tures' are incapable of further resist ance." . MILLION POUNDS OF SUGAR SOLD TO NAVY Washington. March 16. A million pounds of sugar, at 4 1-2 cents a pound, for the men in the United States navy during the year,' was the contract awarded today by Paymaster General T. G. Cowle to a New York City wholesale grocery firm, the low est of six bidders. Farmers Wage a in Which SPECIAL TO THE JOURNAL. Sumner. Mik, March 16.' Zack Denton, manager of one of the planta tions owned by Mrs. Smith Murphey. of this rare,'Tv T. Y. Wylie, a former rrrsvn 5-er cf ore nf.'he :arne-aroiT of: p'ntati'-ns. fought a "duel In the drug ! store o P.il3 t Cox here thi3 evening, i both men eying within a few minute after the first shot waa . flred. Shortly before 2:?0 Den:on entered the store, and a few minutes later Wylie entered. Without - a word of warning they both opened fire simul taneously, each emptying his revolver. When bystanders, who had surrepti-1 I 3) Water Rising- Rapidly and Expected All Trains Will Be Discontinued. 33 INCHES WATER ON TRACK AT MIDNIGHT Trouble is North of Pine Barren, Where the Back Waters of Escambia River Are Flooding the Terri tory No Traffic Over the Main Line of the L. & N. North of Flomaton, or Over Southern Alabama Division. Rapidly rising waters are expectel to force an abandonment of all trairc service north from Pensacola ani into this city from that direction to day. Train No. 2, leaving last night at 10:30 o'clock for Flomaton pos sibly wa the last train to go put of this city for points north for several days or until the waters of the Escam bia river, which cover the tracks, c?f iuc -Louisville ana xvasnviiie norm fi Pine Barren, begin to recede. At midnight the water was 33 inches above the rails fora stretch of nearby two miles" north of Pine Barren, land1 it is impossible to transfer either pas sengers or mail at this point for the reason that there is a dense swampi there, all covered with water from five to fifteen feet deep. Trains passed through the water yesterday, but with some difficulty. Train No. 5 due at 6: SO o'clock from Mobile, but arriving an hour late, just did succeed in getting through the overflow before the water reached the fire boxes and extinguished the fires. Sufficient steam was in the boilers to pull the traJh through and come on to Pensacola after the fire had been re kindled. - . ' ... . . .-.. . . Lnst . night 'when No. 2 left the city for , Flomaton. two large engines with fire boxes extraordinarily high above the ground' were attached, and each carried a big supply of wood in the tender to rekindle the Are in the event j they were nut out by water. WATER RISING RAPIDLY. The water is rising rapidly and i while there have been no washouts, it is expected that much damage will rf j stilt. Yesterday morning the water had lust reached the track of the j Louisville and Nashville, but when j train No. 1 passed at 3 o'clock in the I afternoon the engine was driven j through about eighteen inches of water. The water then rose to 33 Inches ' u ..... 1 1 . . - ; . j i l. . . me iii ui iu in iun ri i ana n is expected the rise during today wi'l be of equal proportions, stopping all trains. . At Pine Barren. he water his reach ed the business seeMon of the town. One of. the stores had several Inches of water In ft. aecord'Tir o report. Co.. were inur dated to a derth of rev eral feet. Th water hnd reached he ofPee of this firm and- was several feet deep about the place. W. A. Finlay, Jr.. of Pine Br-n. who Is in the city, stated earlv last night that the back water had reached hls,3ar5 early ln the day. and it is expected now that it has reached his MILES COVERED. North of Flomaton. from that ijl-o ' to Garland, a distance of fifty-one miles the tracks of the main line of the Louisville & Nashville arc covered with water of from four to ten fet in depth, while twenty washouts, soma of big proportions have been report ed. It will be impossible to run trains over that section of road for a week or ten d vs. or possibly longer. The Southern Alabama division In In fairly good shape, excepting thr trestle across the Escambia river near Flomaton. There was no traffle evr that division during yesterday, but it Is emected the trestle will be ready tbis morning and If so all trains over the M. & M. division will be detoured by way of Montgomery, Pelma and Flomaton. Water covers the tracks at a num ber of points between Flomaton anl Continued en Paae Two.) Pistol Duel Both Meet Death tlously left the store, returned after the smoke had cleared away, both men were- tn their death agonies, and died without making a statement. It la eally known that bad feel- lH2T h " -' r - ,rv H o fxc f"in for 3nni time- I; verm1? t. hrsve t't ted during a recent fi- fr.r a!tt-:-I pvjona ge. In which E. J. Mr!ey, -T--n-eral manager for ell Mr. Pmi'.h Mur phey8 plantations, wa" accused and later discharged for want of prosecu tion. Wylie had left his position as plantation manager and was preparing to go to Arkansas and accept similar employment.