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THE PENS AC OLA JOURNAL, SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 20,1913.
5 SECY. DANIELS atty.-gen.pt CATARRH OF THE KIDNEYS Settled Form of Catarrh That Hay Exist a Long Time Before it is Discovered. FLORIDA'S NEED OF A CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION WRITES WOLFE wm Ul I BY C. (X ANDREWS. Section One IS There are only two methods provided - by which the constitution of Florida may be changed. One Is by a pro posed amendment receiving a three attb. vot of both branches of the le Islature and submitting it for ratifl cation at the general election: the other is through revision by a con stitutional convention. Our present constitution provides in section 2 of Article XVII that if at any time the legislature, by a vote of two thirds of all the . members of both houses, shall determine that a revision Is necessary, auch determination shall be entered upon the journals and pub lished in one newspaper in each county lor ninety days prior to the next gen era! election. The electors may vote for or against the revision question and if a majority so" voting be in favor of revision, the legislature chosen at such election 6hall provide by law for a convention which shall be held within six months after the passage of the act. The convention much consist of a number equal to the membership of the house of represent atlvea and shall be apportioned among the several counties in the same man ner as the members of the house. The question arises nvhat advantage has the convention for revision over that of the amendment method. The reasons most apparent are these: (1) The voters determine, in the first place whether or not the convention Is need d. (2) Then the legislature having this in mind provides an act author Izing the election of the members of the convention from the respective counties. (3) The members are of necessity, chosen with great care be cause they are to perform the highest governmental function known to civi lization. (4) The members prepare for this special work, and often be fore convening, and meet for that pur pose only. ' (5) - The constitution is then ratified at the polls and the work and expense is through with. On the other hand, the method of submitting proposed amendments at nearly every general election has proven to be any other than satisfac tory, because the importance- of pro posed changes in the constitution la almost entirely lost whef& men are running for every national, state and county office. Theni the parson voting, .if he does not kno wthe reasons for a proposed amendment, either, votes against It or does not vote at all. To better Illustrate, in the last election there was submitted for ratification the amendment providing that a sub school district may' issue bonds for school purposes, and even with school children working for its passage, the total vote for and against it combined was only 21,108. The total vote for the office of . governor in the same election was over 48,000. In other words, there, were. 27.000 voters voting w(ho did not : express themselves on this important amendment. Many other amendments submitted since the convention of1885 show even a greater lack of expression at the polls. Let It be said, however, that there has been much interest aroused in the mat ter of making laws in the last de cade, probably due more to rural free delivery than any other cause. The total vote on some amendments prior to the one above noted fell below 14.000. The last Florida constitutional con vention was held in -18S5, and if the next convention should be called for the earliest possible date, thirty years will have lapsed since the last revis ion. In other words, If the legislature of 1913 should submit the question of revision it would become necessary to Vote upon it in November, 1914. If CHAS. O. ANDREWS. favorable to revision, the legislature of 1915 would pass a law calling the convention which must convene within six months after the passage of the act calling it. The thirty years intervening be tween 1885 and 1915 will have seen many proposed and needed changes fail In each of the three branches of cur constitutional form of government legislative, executive and judicial. It has been in these thirty years that we have witnessed tha greatest pro- grees in governmental science. What was adequate for the making, en forcement and adjudging of laws thirty j ears ago, is, in the 'light, of experi ence and the age, altogether out of date today. Travelling by horseback was probably the safest and surest way of journeying to the constitution al convention of 1885 from distant parts of the state, but one would scarcely think of that mode of travel today. The population of Florida In 1885 was a little over two hundred and seventy thousand. In 1910 it was over seventeen hundred and fifty thousand, or over three times as many. The property value in 1885 was a little over one hundred and twenty million. In 1910 it was over six hundred million. Within the last twenty-five years, nearly half tha states of the Union have revised their constitution to con form to modern methods. Florida has madetsome changes by amendment and several proposed amendments, very necessary to the people, have been lost at the polls for lack of Interest or for lack of information on part of the voter. Since 1890 forty-eight pro posed amendments have been to the people for ratification; twenty-eight of that number were adopted and twenty were lost. These cost the state in ad vertising alone, $48,923.00, not count ing those voted upon in 1912. -This is far In excess of the total cost of the constitutional convention of 1885, which cost the state $34,819.53, and the er diem and mileage was the same as that of the legislator now. It is generally conceded that the ar ticle of our state constitution which r.eeds changing most for better service is that relative to the judicial depart ment. It is a fact to be, noted that of the twenty amendments proposed : and lost at the polls, ten of that num ber related to changes in the judicial article. Those defeated amendments sought to give tb.6 legislature a broad er field in which to pass lws more suited to a growing state, having a desire for best servlc eto Its people and to meet the changes In govern mental conditions. It is not within the scope of an article of this nature to enumerate the merits of the ten proposed amendments that were de foaled and were for the purpose of RECALLS AN ACQUAINTANCESHIP WHICH BEGAN TWELVE YEARS AGO WILL LOOK CAREFULLY INTO PENSACOLA NAVY YARD PROPOSITION. , Away back in 1900, twelve years be fore the Baltimore convention, when progressive democrats were not eo bettering our system and methods of j numerous as they are today. Judge enforcing the law. They were such J Emmett Wolfe formed tha fr.J?X?, quallflcatIon for ce5" nce of Josephus Daniels, now secre- tain judicial officers empowering the .... legislature to establish courts which tary of the navy- They were both would have insured an early and I delegates to the Kansas City conven- speedy trial of both civil and criminal cases another fixing the salary of bu preme judges to an amount conunen surate with the increased coat of liv ing and with the great increase in the volume of work. What was considered a fair salary for a judge in 1885 could not be considered so now as the work has more than doubled and the cost of living has practically doubled. There are two reasons assigned why a constitutional convention has not Deen called; the chief of which Is a tion, where Mr. Bryan received his second nomination, and both, then as now, of the progressive faith. In common with all Pensacolians, Judge Wolfe is greatly Interested In the hoped for opening of the Pensa cola Navy Yard, and he was conse quently greatly pleased when Mr. Dan iels was appointed secretary of the navy. He consequently wrote the sec retary, congratulating him on his ap- fear on the part of West and Middle Pointment and expressing the hope Florida that the capltol would be re moved from Tallahassee. 'The last leg islature undoubtedly settled this ques tion for all time. The other condition that has ope rated to postpone the calling of a constitutional convention Is that a ma jority or the legislature opposes a i change in the apportionment of rep resentatives in the senate and the that the Pensacola yard, which was arbitrarily closed by the republican administration, might be re-opened for active work. Yesterday, Judge Wolfe received the following letter from Sec Tots.ry IDsiiiils DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY, Washington, April 18, 1913. My dear Mr. "Wolfe: ' I remember of meeting you very pleasantly at . the convention at Kan Vi rtiic n V o ttt a xr V a am ea 1 1 aahh ties are in a measure controlling the !asCIty lnA90,0' and was lad to hear BANK WW COMPTROLLER KNOTTS QUEST FOR LAW COVERING , DISPUTED POINTS ANSWERED j CAREFULLY TO SATISFY COUNTY TAX ASSESSORS. RE- THi BY FRANK L. HUFFAKER Tallahassee, April 19. Attorney General Thos. F. West has given to Comptroller W. V. Knott the fallowing opinion with reference to the' laws af fecting the taxation of banks, the opinion being requested because doubt Mp Robert H. Morrla. existed in the minds of county tax ! " There are some things that medical science con siders settled. For instance, that all of the organs of the numan body are lined with a mucous membrane. Al so that these mucous mem branes, of whatever or fran. duct or cavity, are lia ble to an in-fiammatory condit i o n SrST"" t0 CCrtaIn f Iternai organ ani InUrna7 Pstge, "m, . , , duct, or cavity, is subject to catarrh. TL.f r hoMer f,BtOC m. ny Th kidneys are subject to catarrh the V'Z1 ZT . "J "s "uo"" i same as any other Internal organ taxed for such stock; Provided, That such stock is returned for taxation by such incorporated company and taxes are paid thereon by such company, or the property of said corporation is as sessed for taxes where located and taxes are then paid on such property. It is perfectly clear, under this The catarrh may be slight, causing only an Insignl-flcant change in the function of the kidneys. The catarrh may be severe, producing a condition resembling closely Bright's disease of the kidneys. In sruch cases there is extreme weakness, maybe bloating of the stomach, bloating of the hands and statute, that if the stock of an lncor- j feet, pumness of the eyes. Albumen porated company is returned for tax- I in the urine. Possibly blood and mu atlon by such company, that the share- cous. holders shall not also be taxed for such stock, and it is also clear that if all larger. Some counties, for Instance, with a population of about 9.500 have one senator and two reprsentatives, while such counties as Walton and Holmes with a combined population of 29,917. have only the same representa tion in the legislature. Hlllsboro county with 78,374 population, has the same number of members as others with 10,000 or 9.000. Section 3 of Article VI of the Flor Ida constitution provides that the leg- from you again Relative to the .re-opening of the Pensacola navy yard, I assure you that I am going to investigate the situa tion very carefully. It will give me much pleasure to see you when I reach Pensacola. . With cordial regards. Sincerely yours, JOSEPHUS DANIELS. J. E. Wolfe, Esq., Pensacola. Fla. It Is evident that Secretary Daniels tended. (Advertisement.) ATTE T OI islature of 18S7, and every ten years ,nen8, look5n ln the Pensacola thereafter shall re-apportion the rep- , :C1; .t . - h tr, .nH ),., f Hans will trust that he may find It ad- ..m-M.nt.tiv. flordln to nonula- visable to open the Pensacola yard for tion. This was not complied with the work which it was originally in- ln 1897 and the legislature of 1907 failed to do bo. They seemed to have decided that they were the sole inter preters of their duties, though it does do injustice to a great majority of the state. The initiative and referendum would probably have been a panacea for all such failures of duty had It j been submitted. The preamble of the Florida constitution reads: "We, the people of the state of Fulorida, grate ful to Almighty God for our consti tutional liberties, in order to secure its blessing and to form a more perfect government. Insure domestic tranquil ity and guaranteeing equal, civil and Tolitical rights to alL do ordain and establish this constitution." The capltol removal is no longer the "bogey man" to blook the revision of the constitution. The re -apportion ment problem should be solved some way, as it is of far less Importance to the people of the state than "equal TanrMKnt9itnti.n Out- nresent consti tution hn ben natched and re-1 r. X-lvingston says he is going to patched until it Is getting to be a puz- &ive the people of Pensacola one of the Tim to our laymen, law-makers and A Big Free Show Every Night for the Next Three Weeks: lawyers. best shows that ever came to the city. He has ten men with a seven piece A constitutional convention only can band. He says he has the right idea solve this problem. Our law-makers should not be afraid to submit this question to the voters of this state. IK JET AT FLORAL A. E. MANN, FORMERLY OF PEN SACOLA, WAS HONORED BY ELECTION TO IMPORTANT OF : FICE. ' ' SPECIAL, TO THE JOUKNAI Florala, April IS. A. E. Mann, for merly of Pensacola. but who is now cashier of the Bank of Florala, was honored by the Alabama State Bank ers Association, when a district con vention of bankers met in this city -Stomachs oa Striked because of over-work, ir- regular meals, tad hours Go Back to Work if given the encouragement and assistance of the great stomach adjuster It has earned world-wide success in the treatment of Diseases el &e Stsmcli , ani Intestines corrects ailments of both young and old. For Salt by all Druggists E. FOUGERA & CO-Inc. IgeclsCS. JO BeeVsua Street. Htn Tork this week. What is known as group eight, held their annual meeting in the opera house. After urgent business matters had been disposed of the financial condition of thi country gone over and an exchange o" methods and ideas had come before the organization other matters In which the bankers of the state are interested were taken up. Dr. W. E. Hinds, of Auburn, Ala,, gtate entomologist, upon invitation, addressed the gathering upon the ab sorbing topic, the Boll WeeviL He handled his subject as only , a man who is thoroughly familiar with his subject can, and was given the closest attention. O. Mooney, of Birmingham, also ad dressed the bankers, his line of talk being "Banking as a Business." this naturally was the address of the occa sion. In the selection of officers for the ensuing year, Mr. A. B. Mann, of Flo rala. was chosen as vice-president of group eight. The occasion would not have been complete without a show of Florala's far-famed hospitality. So all other matters having been properly disposed of, the visitors, all Florala bankers and their assistants and a number of business men of the community were entertained with a big tanquet at the Colonial hotel, on Thursday night. It was one of the happiest occasions in the whole history of the town, says a local paper, and It must be true, as It was a very merry crowd that as sembled, and T. H. Edney, of the Co lonial, proved , himself equal to the occasion. Robert Taylor, secretary of the Industrial League, acted as toast master. The speeches were short and pithy. ELECTRICITY of operating a FREE SHOW inasmuch as he has a dividing line the white people on one side, the colored on the other. He claims by so dong he has better order, larger crowds, and the better class of people out every night. He will have a change of program every night, , consisting of. Singing Dancing, Monologueing, and a Ventril oquist second to none. Electrical science through the genius of its great inventors, Edison, West lnghouse, Thomson, Brush, Bell, Stein metz, Marconi and many others, has contributed to the progress and happi ness of mankind to a degree difficult to comprehend. , It has been In part harnessed to hu man service through the discovery of I chronic diseases. the governing laws by keen minded In ventors and its technical nature has attracted and made necessary the su pervision of engineers to such a de gree that its benefits to mankind have not been as actively made known as in older and simpler business. For this reason commercial men in the electrical business fired with en thusiasm for the extension of its) Dr. Livingston's Dyspepsia Powder 'benefits have formed the Society for I is the wonder of the 20th century for Electrical Development, Inc., which i Dyspepsia, Indigestion, Sour Stomach, held its first important meeting in New Gastritis, and for an acute attack of Everybody should come out to see his Great Fire Eater with his daring acts, with nre. Dr. Livingston's Root and Herb Remedies are known throughout the world for their marvelous cures of His Fabous Root and Herb Tea has no equal for Rheumatism, Kidney and Bladder Truoble, Nervous Prostration, and all impurities of the Blood... One fifty-cent package will convince you o" its wonaerrui properties. 0 Pajns in the Stomach. If you continually complain of pains in the stomach, your liver or yotrf kid neys are out of order. Neglect may lead to dropsy, kidney trouble, diabetes or Bright's disease. Thousands recom mend Electric Bitters as the very best stomach and fcldney medicine made. H. T. Alston, of Raleigh, N. C. who sufTered with pain In the stomach and tack, writes: "My kidneys were de ranged, and my liver did not work right. I suffered much, but Electric Bitters was recommended and I im proved from the first dose. I now feel like a new man." It will Improve you, too. Only 50c and $1.00. Recommend ed by W. A. CAlemberte, drujrglst and I apothecary, 121 S. Palafox SL (Adv.) York March 4 th and 5 th This society, with members from all branches of the Industry, gives expres sion for the first time in the history of business to the thought of active organized co-operative development by the trade as a whole. Indigestion it gives insant relief. Price fifty cents. Dr. Livingston's Golden Catarh Balm is eimply marvelous. . People that have completely lost their sense of iyiK;Hr'el0p- reTuVts obtarnTd one YfVy cent Jar. For Deafness Ringing in the Ears, Throat Troubles, Piles, Boils, Sores of any kind including Cancer, It is king of them all. ment offers a prize of $200 $ 100 for a slogan and $100 for a trade marie de signed to give terse and graphical ex pression of the society's alms, for use in its great advertising campaign. Tils prize is open to every one en gaged in any branch -'f the electrical business or who uses electricity. Ad- Dr. Livingston will give twenty-five dollars to any one who can get for ten vertisement in this issue gives par-j dollars, what one fifty cent package of tieulars. his remedies will do for what ha claimH ' for them. Uncle Joe Cannon was condemning a discredited mockraker, according to the Washington Star. These remedies are on sale in all drug stores or can be purchased at the "No wonder he's dis credited. said J stand where the BIG SHOW is. Everybody welcome, both white and unci Joe. "If he couldn't make a iragasine sensation with one type of colored. yarn about Standard Oil or sugar, then he'd bring out another type of yarn. "He reminds me of a tramp who told a Danville woman a hard luck story about losing his wife and family and rome in an explosion. " 'But, the woman paid, 'that Isn't the same story you told me last week.' '"I know it, lady.' said the tramp, "but you didn't believe last week's story.'" Tiis Big FreeShow Opens Every;Night at 7:00 p.1 m. the property of such company is as sessed where located, and taxes are paid on such property, that neither the company nor the shareholders shall be tajced for the stock. "It should be borne in mind that property, not responsibility, is taxable, and therefore, a bank should not be required to pay taxes upon deposits held by it since such deposits are fcubject to check by the owners thereof and are necessarily transient. This view is emphasized by the statutory provision requiring the owners of such deposits to return them for taxation. This rule, however, should not be con fused with the provision requiring cor ; orations, companies and persons, act ing as agents and having in their pos session or control moneys or credits with a view to investing or loaning such moneys or credits for the owner, to make return thereof for taxation. "Bearing In mind the constitutional provision and statutory provisions, state and federal, above quoted, I am of the opinion that the proper basis of valuation for the assessment and collection of taxes of banks, both state and national, In this state, and the na ture and character, of the property to be assessed to such banks, or share holders, is the capital stock of such banks, to which should be added the surplus and undivided profits at the time of making the assessment for the purpose of ascertaining the value of the capital stock, but after deducting from the value of such capital stock, so ascertained, the assessed value of any real estate owned and held by such bank or banking company, which represents an Investment of the capi tal stcck, upon which taxes are paid by such bank or banking company. "The power of the state to tax a national bank, its property ojr Its shares Is, as we have seen, confined by federal statute to a taxation of the shares of its stock In the names of and against the shareholders, and. or the real estate, in the name of ana against the bank itself. "In view of this provision, I re spectfully advise that, in order to meet the organic rule of uniformity, the property and stock of all banks, within this state, be assessed in this manner, the tax on the shares of stock, how ever, to be paid, if desirable, by the bank or banking company as agent of the shareholders as provided by the state statute quoted herein." Mrs. H. E. Rusaell, Box 2, North Sutton, New Hampshire, had been troubled for sixteen years with kidney and bladder disease. She said she had tiken all kinds of medicine without relief "I finally applied to Dr. Hart rnan. who diagnosed my case as ca tarih of the urinary organs. He ad vised me to take Peruna. Even after taking one bottle I felt better. I have now taken six bottles and am cured of my old trouble of sixteen years stand ing. Peruna has been a godsend to nie. I shall praise it always." How any rational creature is going to explain such a cure as that except by giving great credit to Peruna as an excellent medicine, how it can be ex plained in any other way I cannot pos sibly understand. Peruna is a great medicine and is constantly making great cures. Those who think other wise would be easily convinced of their error by talking with people who have used it. Let us take one more. From Or tonvllle, Minn., Mrs. Gus. H. Carlson. She has taken Peruna for catarrh of the kidneys and bladder. She also la cured and says, "I am very thankful for Peruna." And so the list might be extended indefinitely. These testimonials have come entirely unsought, unsolicited, and represent the actual experiences of the every-day men and women who are doing the work of the world. SYMPTOMS OF KIDNEY CATARRH. The symptoms of catarrh of the kid neys are as follows: First, backache. Second, dizziness. Third, occasionally nausea and vomiting. Fourth, pallor or pufnness of the face. Fifth, fre quent disposition to urinatef Sixth. urine highly colored. Seventh, tender ness on pressure on each side of spine. Mr. Robert H. Xorris, No. 1333 Hen ry St., North Berkeley, California. whose portrait accompanies this ar ticle. Is also a friend of Peruna, He writes: "We have never had any other med icine In our home but Peruna since we have been married. "I suffered with kidney and bladder troufble, but two months' treatment with Peruna made me a well and strong man. "My wife felt weak and was easily tired and was also trout-led with vari ous pains, but since she took Peruna she is well and strong." WeaQttSu n comes from living on less than ycu earn, and upon saving your surplus and placing it in a good, safe bank at interest a bank like The Pensacola State Bank F. E. Brawner, President. W. Clyde Roberts, Cashier. S at v e 8 1 a N Building Materials, Floor- limhPr Hn ing, Cdlingand Siding UU gsUIIIMUI UUm Phone 310 f Specializ I Estlmatei SHINGLES. tes cheerfully furnlhed. Mill and Office Cor. 15th Avenue aid Gregory. HOTEL FLANDERS JUST OFF BROADWAY 133-137 West 47th St NEW YORK CITY The right kind of a hotel In the right locality. In the heart of the theatre district and adjacent to the shopping centres. Positively fire proof. Excellent cuisine and an exceptional orchestra. A large addition just completed, containing library, grill and billard hall. Handsomely Furnished Rooms, Private Bath. $1.50 per Day Upward. From Grand Central Station, cars marked ''Broadway" without trans fer; Pennsylvania Station. 7th Av. cars without transfer. Booklet upon re quest. H. R. SHARES. PROP. X-CONGRESSMAN IS I. SERGEANT-AT-ARMS "ill l'T i ii. N f v -.- f '"' u I ? '- . - 1 ' ; s v. " " -' - M ALONZO RICHARDSON & COMPANY Certified Public Accountants A Staff of Thoroughly Qualified Accountants. Whose Experience Enables Them to Make a Critical Analysis of Books and Accounts. Empire Building ATLANTA 4f American National Bank Bldg. Correspondence Solicited. PENSACOLA, FLA. i I insurance i KNOWLES BROS. BRENT BUILDING. PHONE 22. Equitable Life Assurance Society of New York. V. F. Balkcom Drug Co. Pensacola's Economical Drug Store. Phons 19. 17 South Palafox Street. tauiCK DELIVERY. DIRECTORY ROSE ZUNG PUBLIC STENOGRAPHER OFFICE 401; American National Bant Building. TELEPHONE 902. Robert B. Gordon. Robert B. Gordon, a former con gressman from Ohio, Is the new ser- geant-at-arms of the lower house of congress, air. uoraon is nrty-eignt years old and since the Fifty-Seventh Congress has held the position of sup erintendent of the House of Represent atives' document room. During the pre-convention campaign Mr. Gordon managed the "Washington headquart ers of Governor Harmon. IN THE HEART OF PENSACOLA. The Central Pharmacy. Phone 178. H. E. Eldridge, M. D. -Eclectic Physician, Chronic Diseases. Female DR. J. L. INGRAM. CLASSES CORRECTLY FITTED. LENSES DUPLICATED WHILE VOL WAIT. 10 South Palafox. With Will C. DiffWJerfar. T. Q. YATES. M. D. Optician. 410 Blount Building. Twenty years' experience as an Ey Specialist. Examination free. DR. J. B. TILLER, DENTIST 310 Blount Building. Office Phone 86. Rssldsnce Phons 41. "I would hare liked to be a report er. Mr. Carnegie. If Mr. Carnegie will learn to spell. he may apply at the city desk of the Sun. 'New York Sun. Wa all have to pay for our experi ence. remarked the Wise Guy. "Yes," agreed the Simple Mug, "but most of us want to ouy it In retail Quantities at wholesale rates." Phila delphia. Record. Diseases of Children and Old Nervous diseases a specialty. Residence 110 W. Chase. Phone 1437. OfflcelOl N. Palafox. Phone. 566, JOHN S. BEARD Attorney and Counsellor at Law. Practice In all the courts, state and federal. Of. Diseases and ' fices, 400-431 Thlesen Bultding. Pensacola. jr eopie. ; r:onoa. F. P. HIXON, M. D. i 47 cast Gregory Street. Phone 21. L. C. Phillips, Ph. M. M. D. i t -iQ t- . .... Kesidence 4y fc.ast Gremrv Street. Phone 1918. HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN. Diseases of children and general prac tice. If you have not taken Homeopathic Medication for your oomptaint. your best effort is yet to ba made. Office 308-309 Blount Bldg. Phone 65. Residence 1122 Ejst Gadsden. Phon 1614, If you miss your paper, phone (1500) ' before ten o'clock, and one will be de livered you by special carrier. MAYES PRINTING CO. PRINTERS FOR PARTICULAR PEOPLE, t 17-19 West Government St. Phons 131. Subscribe to The Journal.