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WEATHER " FORECAST
PENSACOLA'S RAILROADS. A new railroad Is now operating train Into tne Deep Water City. A third road la laying rails. A fourth road la being graded. You can't make a mistake by investing In Pensacola. SHOWERS WEDNESDAY AND PROBABLY THURSDAYS LIGHT TO MODERATE SOUTHEAST WINDS. VOL. XVI. .NO. 140. PENSACOLA. FLORIDA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 21, 1913. PRICE FIVE CENTS. HENRY M. FLAGLER, NOTED CAPITALIST AND RAILROAD MAGNATE, DIES AT HIS WINTER HOME AT WEST PALM BEACH T DAVIS LIQUOR BILL PROHIBITING TREATING IN SALOONS, PASSES SENATE BY OVERWHELMING VOTE STATES PASSING WOULD PREVEN The Octogenarian Sustained a Fall Several Months Ago at His Home. ORGANIZED THE STANDARD OIL CO. Turned East Florida Into " One Vast Winter Resort, ,by the Erection of Palafial Hotels and Construction of . Florida East Coast Railway "Over Sea" Road Was His, Greatest Triumph. ' . , . BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. West Palm Beach, FIa..,May 20. Henry M. Flagler, aged 83, the noted capitalist and railroad magnate, died at his -winter home here this morning after an illness of several weeks. The octogenarian sustained" a fall from the steps in trls horns and because of his advanced age his recovery had not been anticipated. Henry M. Flagler was born at Can- andalgua, X. Y in 1830, Little is known of his early life except that he was clerk in a country grocery in Or leans county, Mich., while yet in his teens. Later he removed to Saginaw, Mich., where he engaged In the manu facture of saJe. Becoming interested in the possibili ties of the petroleum industry, he re moved to Cleveland. Ohio, where he organized the company of Rockefeller, -Andrews and Flagler, engaging In the refining of oil. The Standard Oil Com pany was the outgrowth of this ven ture, and Mr. Flagler has remained ac tively connected with the management of the great corporation since its in ception. IMPRESSED WITH FLORIDA. In 1885 Mr. Flagler paid his first visit "to Florida and became impressed with the business possibilities pre sented there by the railroad field, In Connection, with t the development of ,ir,nter resorts. : Entering actively Into .the work of . tirralcjT Florida, into -ot YU wlrWr resort, Mr. Flagler built the Florida East Coast railroad and later erected the Ponoe de Leon and Alcazar hotels . at a cost of $3,000,000. His .greatest achievement, however, was the extension of his railroad from Miami to Key West. For many years his plan was ridiculed as impracticable and was called "Flagler's folly." The opening' of this "over-sea" line is listed as one of the engineering triumphs of the age. Mr. Flagler formerly was vice-president and director of the Standard Oil Company, president and chairman of the board of directors of the. Florida East Coast railroad an.l Jacksonville Terminal Company, director of the Western Union Telegraph Company. Morton Trust Company and other cor porations. ' For the past few weeks Mr. Flagler had been losing practically all of his faculties and his death was momen tarily expected. Several of his rela tives and business associates, had been summoned to the financier's bedside. The body will be buried in a mau soleum at St. Augustine, in the yard of the Memorial church which he gave to the Presbyterians. At Mr. Flagler's bedside were his son, Harry, who arrived yesterday from Europe, and the Rev. Dr. George Mor gan, his pastor, who will conduct the funeral services. THE LATE HENRY M. FLAGLER AND HIS WIFE AT THEIR PALM BEACH HOME y VLo VV . v u ALIEN MEASURE Bartholdt Proposes to to Put Power Exclusively in the Hands of Congress. JAPAN HEARS OF APPROVAL OF BILL Newspapers Print Extras With Announcement that California .Measure Has Been?Sirned Japanese Goferjttnent Concentrat in ''Effort in Attempting to Pacify Public Opinion Glad to See The Journal Will Issue Covington County Edition Leesbnrg, Fla May 19. 1913. Editor Pensacola Journal. Glad to note that The Journal is covering with a special edition that fine section of country Covington, county, Ala. Last fall I traveled over a large portion of the county that I h.d not been over in possibly twenty-five to thirty years. The great Improvement was marvelou. And yet there is plenty of transforming work to be done wild, irtl lands to he transformed into farms. The Journal, no doubt, will have a large part in this work. And the reward is sure, for the section is naturally one of Pensa cola's financial resources. With very best wishes for your continued success. I am V Tours truly, ; W. U MARTIN". DYNAMITE WAS CARRIED ABOUT NiND"DAGS Witness Tells How Explos ives Were Conveyed from One City to Another With Which1 Textile Strike Should be Brought to an End. HOD RA BROKE OR 8TRIKE.RS REFUSED TO MOVE ON WHEN TOLD Paterson, N J., May 20. Fifty-seven persons were arrested this morning near the Price stlk mill, to which the hands returned yesterday in the face of protests of Industrial Workers of the .World leaders conducting the strike. Twelve hundred or more strik ers and others gathered in the streets rear the mill today to jeer the return ing workers. There waa no violence and those arrested were taken 'in be cause they refused to "move on." Three of the prisoners taken were women, one with a baby in her arms. She was immediately paroled. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Boston, May 20. Dennis Collins, a dog ' fancier of Cambridge, on trial with President William M. Wood of the American Woolen Company, and Frederick E. Ettaux. a Boston dye manufacturer, for conspiracy to "plant" dynamite at Lawrence during the tex tile strike of 1912, testified as a wit ness for the prosecution when the trial was resumed today. Collins said that on May 19. 1912, he met John J. Breen. a Lawrence under taker, who was convicted of actually "planting" the explosive in a saloon in Boston. In the course of their con versation, Breen asked If he would like to go to Lawrence that night. "I told him I would go if I could help him any," Co'lins said. Breen continued: "We shall probably meet pome folks and 3'ou had better carry this bundle to keep your end up," at the same time handing the witness flvrt $5 bills. Breen. the witness said, agreed to give him more money the following day. j Collins said that after leaving the i saloon they-met two men. One of the men, described by the witness as Mr. Rice, gave Breen a package weighing about forty pounds, which they car ried to Breen's house in Lawrence a-nd T GAVEL ; TO'GETDRDER Parliamentary Confusion the Result When Attempt Was Made to Reconsider the Questiop Concerning Union Theological Semin ary Routine Committee Reports. BTASOCIATED PRESS. i Washington. May 20. Represent tive BarLhodt of Missouri aunounced today that he proposed to introduce next Friday a resolution to empower congress to legislate exclusively on all questions affecting the rights of aliens reading in the united States. The purpose of the measure would be to prevent individual states from passing- laws which might cause fric tion with foreign countries. Lack of federal control, he said, affecting the ability of -the government to carry out a treaty in all Its integrity, was a pal pable defect. - . ,s .. . .. : - Since the death of the old Japanese emperor, t?ie authority of the govern ment has steadily diminished in resist ing the growing influence of public opinion and the spirit of democracy is augmenting throughout the empire. Arthur Bailly-Blanchard, secretary of- the United States embassy, visited Baron Moboakl Makino, the foreign minister, today and related the deter mination of t-Tited States govern ment to exeri " '-"-s ry Influence in order to find a trfrini:- and satisfactory so lution of the cues M on. He; emphasized the fact that' ;t W&a -a- Calif ornlan and not an American etueMion and thanked i tbA, rqveiTuntsXTiandlipess an3 lor i is eiioris to resuaiu cuicu yuuuu opinion of Japan. FIND A SOLUTION. It is generally believed here that Washington will find a solution of the problem, but the more conservative elements in Japan are now echoing the public agitation for equal treatment of the Japanese. They declare that the racial issue which it is contended Is in volved and the steady recurrence of anti-Japanese bills - should receive "basic curative treatment." A prominent official said today: "The Japanese people fee! that their national honor is involved. The present question will be solved peacefully but what is needed to assure the perma nence of our traditional friendship is a change of heart in some Americans toward the Japanese." Continued on Page Two. nr-nr i-xt ien. Mario Ivlenocai is INow President of Cuban Republic BT ASSOCIATE!" PRESS. Havana. May 20. With the Inaugu ration today of General Mario G. Mon ecal as president in succession to Pres ident Jose Miguel Gomez, and of Dr. Enrique Jose Varona as vice-president, the Cuban republic enters on a new phase of Its existence in a spirit of high hopes at preservation of peace and establishment of the prosperity of the island. President Moneoa.1 on taking office contents himself with the declaration that he will devote all his energies to giving the country a clean business ad ministration which will foster the in dustries of the island and develop its splendi-d resources, which will welcome foreign capital and immigration and maintain friendly relations with all na tions, especially with the United States, to which Cuba is so closely linked by bonds of mutual affection and interest. Gen. Monecal was born in 1866 at Jaguey Grande, Maiansas province. His family soon removed to the United States and he was educated in a mili tary college at Washington and at Cor nell University. He graduated from Cornell as a civil engineer. Upon leav ing Ithaca lie went with his uncle, Ancleto G. Monecal, chief of the en gineering staff which made the survey of the Nicaragua canal, and worked with him. He returned to Cuba as an engineer for a French company. At Santa Cruz he Joined the revolutionary forces as a private and rose rapidly until he became general of division. His mili tary record was brilliant; hev rendered great service to the Americans at the time of the Spanish evacuation, and General Ludlow, -civil governor of Ha vana province, appointed him chief of police of Havana, a position requiring at that time great tact and ability. He later managed the Chaparra sugar estate up to a few weeks before his ina.ugura.tion. Vice President Varona was born in Camaguey, April 13. 1S49, was 'gradu ated from the University of Havajia, and is professor of philosophy and ethics in that institution. He was dep uty to the Spanish cortes from Cama guey province shortly after the ten years war (1868-78). v Under General Wood's administration he was made secretary of public edu cation. He is an author, newspaper man and president of the conservative party, w'ftich won the recent alecUons. BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Atlanta, Ga.. May 20. In the midst of parliamentary confusion, with the Union Theological seminary question still unsettled, the Northern Presby terian general assembly adjourned this afternoon to renew consideration of the matter at a later hour. A mo tion to table all three committee re ports, one favoring and two opposing negotiations, an amicable settlement cf the controversy was lost by a safe vcte. In a lengthy speech President Brown cf the seminary, indicated that -1t was a matter of indifference, ' to the seminary what action was taken by the assembly. The entire morning session of the Southern Presbyterian assembly was devoted to discussion of a special committee report setting forth a pro posed "brif statement of belief drawn from the standard of the Presbyterian church in the United States." Adjournment until this afternoon was taken without any action on the committee's report. Routine committee reports occupied the attention of the United- Presby terian assembly. Speaking cf the majority report of the committee which recommends a continuance of negotiations. Dr. Brown Indicated that it is a matter of indif ference to the seminary whether the negotiations are continued or not. A volley of motions to adopt and to table each of the three reports from the committee followed the conclusion of Dr. Brown's speech. Moderator John T. Stone of Chicago broke a gavel In t1s vehement efforts to main tain order. Then Dr. Howard Agnew Johnston moved that the whole mat ter be tabled. This motion was de feated by a vote of 466 to 314. Com missioners again began clamoring for the floor and renewed effort to move the adoption or rejection of the three reports.' In the midst of the con fusion. Dr. Stone announced that ad journment would be taken until this afternoon, action being deferred until that time. Dr. Francis Brown, of New York, president of the Union Theological Seminary took exception to the min ority report of Dr. F. O. Monfort. of Cincinnati, which opposed a resump tion of amicable relations between the seminary and the Northern Presby terian church. The seminary president was the first speaker when discussion of the matter came up today. . After reminding the assembly that representatives ' of the simnary had been invited to attend the sessions, he added it seemed incredible the as sembly could even consider Dr. Mon fort's minority report with its charges of heresy. To invite us to a friendly confer- HAS TAILED TO CLEAR ITSELF President of Association of Manufacturers In Report Dwelt at Length on Pres ;ent Industrial and Legis lative Tendencies and Their Effects Upon Manu- " Jacturers ancT 'Employers SSERTS LABOR ELLIS DECLARES (Continued on Page Two.) With the answer of the United States to lis protest it now devolves upon the Japanese foreign office to take the next step in the negotiations over the Cali fornia alien legislation. It is said the forthcoming rejoinder to Secretary Bryan will be strongly argumentative and calculated to result in the conduct of the future negotiations on a strictly legal basis. JAPAN TO TEST LAW. As it is understood the state depart ment 13 looking to the Japanese gov ernment, or some Japanese citizen to test the new law by recourse to the United States courts, it may be sig nificant of the drawing of another is sue that the Japanese are believed to be reluctant to begin Fuch a movement. In his protest of May 9 to the state department, the Japanese ambassador is understood to have made it perfectly elear that Japan finding it impossible to deal directly with the st.ite of Cali fornia, was relying entirely upon the federal government to insure what h believes to be fiir treatment for its snblects. Probably that contention will be extended to rover the legal tet of the California land law, though the ordinar?" procedure in such caes would be to allow a Japanese subject threat ened with escheatment of his lands, to begin action by application for an in junction. Meanwhile it is expend that several days will elapse before the Japanese rejoinder is received, in view of the fact that ten days were taken for the preparation and delivery of the Amer ican reply to the original protest. JAPS HEAR THAT GOVERNOR JOHNSON HAS SIGNED BILL Tokio. May 20. News that the Cali fornia anti-alien land ownership bill had been signed by Governor Hiram W. Johnson of California was received hei-c th regret, although it had been Ms'-ounted in official and non-official circles. Tt was hoped up to the laat moment however that Washington's intervention would prove successful. The newspapers published extra edi tions with the announcement that the bill had been signed. Efforts of the Japanese government are concentrated at present on pacify ing public opinion. WOOD CHOPPERS SENT V BAD LETTERS TO PRESIDENT Newark, N .J., May 20. Seeley Dav enport and Jacob Dunn, wood chop pers, were brought into the federal dis trict court here today for trial on a charge of having sent threatening let ters through the mails to Woodrow Wilson. Aside from handwriting ex ports, the principal witness to be culled by the government will be Joseph Tumulty, the president's secretary. BT. ASSOCIATED PRESS. Detroit, Mich., May 20. Charging that organized labor has failed to clear itself of "the stains which violence and lawlessness cast upon It, John Klrby, Jr., of Dayton, Ohio, president of the National Association of Manu facturers, ln his annual ..report today dwelt 'at length on ' present !irtdusTriaT and legislative tendencies and their effects upon manufacturers and em ployers. He referred In detail .to the attitude of manufacturers towards th3 tariff. He said in part: 'Conspicuous in the momentous events of recent years that have tran spired in the field of American in dustry Is the tragedy of Log Angeles and the drama of Indianapolis." As a reward to the principal accomplices in this conspiracy, they have one after another, through the power of the in vincible "inner circle"' of the Ameri can Federation of Iabor been re elected to their respective offices. Point to me one single labor leader or delegate who has arisen and indig nantly demanded that such type leadership be forever barred from the administration of union affairs. "During recent years we have wit nessed the prosecution and convic tion of many business men under the Sherman anti-trust law for seeking in some way to protect their business against ruthless competition and dominant methods of the labor trusr. If they have violated the law we have no complaint to offer for the penal ties Which they may be called upon to pay, but we do protest against the free and unmolested manner in which the labor trust defiantly continues to violate the same law. "We are justified in our , condemna -tlon of representatives and senators in congress, who In the name of political expediency stoop go low in the soil of public duty as to vote for such legislation as the Clayton anti-injunction and contempt bills passed in the lower house of the 62nd congress and which only escaped passage in th senate by a hair's breadth. "There are men now acting in the; capacity of represrnta fives of the peo ple, who under the cowardly pretend of political expediency, have been wip ing to viol-ate their oath of offlro for I the che.jp prie offered by the leader of an organized gang of dynamiters, who. with their entire affiliated mem bership, represent less than two per cent of the population of the coun try. "And should we not gaze with hor rified amazement upon the speotari presented to us in the closing dav of the last rotifre?'. when both th,. house and senate passed the sundry civil appropriation bill providing no funds appropriated for the use of Jho department of Justice in prosecuting violators of the Sherman act should be used for the purpose of prosecut ing these defiant combinations a bill which William Howard Taft promptly vetoed? The same bill is pending again, having been promptly passed by the house in the special session. And this is the way the party in power starts out to make srood it boasted slogan of 'equal rights' for all. special privileges to none.'" Referring to the Industrial Worker of the World as being supplemental to the American Federation of Labor. Mr. Kirby said: "Against these forces of evil, do mestic and alien, we must stand fiint llke In our resolve that our govern ment is and must be a government of law. "If, as a result of radical and ill advised tariff legislation, we suffer business depression and the loss of opportunity to labor,' he said in con clusion, "the aftermath like in the recent floods, will plainly be visible and the remedy sharp and decisive. But this is not the case with respect to the insiduous class legislation which is creeping up in us. Experi ence teaches that once such legis- ALL OF HIS ACTS OPEN TO PUBLIC Says That if R. J. Rolles Ever Wrote a Diary that it Could Not Have Con tained Anything Reflect ing Upon Him Makes Statement of His Deal ings With Bolles. Practically Certain that it Will Also be Passed by the House. CANNOT SELL LESS THAN HALF PINTS Measure Would Also Pro hibit the Renting of Other Rooms in Which to Serve Drinks, Eliminate all Screens and Force Saloons Throughout the State to Close Their Doors at 9 P. M. BY FRANK L. HUFFAKER. Tallahassee, May 20. Quite a little newspaper comment has resulted from the loss of a diary bearing the' in spection "Return to Richard J. Bolies, Bisbee building, v Jacksonville, Fla.." which was found- by a Jacksonville man, and w hleh , contains numerous references to BoWes' dealings in the Jivergta.dtrt, Ch- -Colorado man being ! mt bills tbe principal holder of and dealer in lands in the 'Glades. Among the memoranda taken from the diary, which I understand Mr. Molles claims not to have written, is this reference to Hon. W. H. Ellis, at torney for the international improve ment board, who was formerly attor ney fer Bolles also: "Reasons for discharge of Ellis: "1. Ellis conflicts with the trus tees. "2. I cannot pay $400 a month. "3. I want a man who does noth ing but my business. "4. When I am paying Ellis he starts a deal he hears they want me to make and then tells me about it and then asks $125,000 commission and the same amount for Gibbons." MR, ELLIS'S STATEMENT. Your correspondent asked Mr. Ellis about the matter this morning, show ing him a copy of the excerp from the diary. Mr. Ellis readily made a statement on the subject, saying that every transa.ctio n he ever cn gaged in as attorney for the internal improvement board, Bolles or anybody else was open to public inspection, and. that he never bad anything to hide from the people of the state. "I do not know that Mr. Bolles ever wrote n diary." he said, "but I do know that he rould not have Justly written anything that implicated me in anything that was at all fiuestion- able. The last item mentioned in thia excerpt doubtless refers to th" at tempt of Hon. Cromwell Gibbons of Jack sonville, to purchase Mr. Bolles's hold ings in the Everglades, which fell through. Mr. Gihboms asked me, as attorney for Mr. Bolles, to ascertain If Bolles was willing to sell his hold ings In full. Naturally, Mr. Gibbon would deserve a large commission for oonsumating Ihe largest real estnte deal ever recorded between private parties In Florida. I a.sked Mr. Bolles if be would givf me a commission to ftrd a purchaser for his lands, and h replied that he would be glad to do so. This deal was between private parties, and had Mr. Gibbons and T arranged for Its consummation, we most assuredly would have been de serving of a large commission, and J don't think any business man could question the propriety of the act. "Any real estate man would have charccd a much larger commission for putting through, such a deal, which would have been to the benefit of the state and Mr. Bolles and the would-be purchasers as well. I have nothing to hide jn cither my public or private career." BY FRANK L. HUFFAKER Tallahassee. May 20. The aenat this afternoon passed hv vote of twenty-one to seven the Thirl liquor bill, which forces saloons to close at 9 o'clock, docs wav with screen and prevents the sale oif liquor in less than half pints. It also pro hibits treating and prohibits saloon proprietors from rentlnar other room for the serving of intoxicants. The house is practically certain to nass th drastic measure, causing the temper ance people much joy. The house adopted the recall con stitutional amendment hv n vote of fifty to fifteen. It is not expected to get by the senate. The senate scent most of the afternoon discussing the convict lease lease abolition bills, but took no definite action. SUPREME COURT BUILDING. House passed the supreme court building appropriation bill for thirty- wo thousand by thirty-two to thirty. It will reconsider the bill tomorrow. The senate passed the following: Hy McCreary, a bill defining the duty of the supreme court In regard to tran scripts of record and bills of excep tion. By Adkins, a bill providing for the . parole of state convicts. By Wells, a bill providing the state does not claim title to certain lands in leon county. The house pawned the following sen Providing for punitihmeut of turpen tine and other workers, who violate -contracts. Providing for rebuilding state build ings from proceeds of insurance. Providing punishment of pool room operators, who allow minors to enter. Providing for damage suits In cafe of death of miners caused by negli gence of individuals or corporations. Providing for preservation of rob ins. ' Authorizing makers and endorsers of notes to be sued in same action. Prohibiting unauthorized wearing of secret order badges. SOME OPPOSE AMENDMENT. Some legislators are raising a cry against the MacWilliams amendment resolution exempting homes actually occupied by owners from taxation, on the ground that it was inspired by J. V. Haars of Jacksonville. Thesi legislators claim that Unrrs owns large tracts of land in the JOvergJadc and Polk county, and wishes advance their sale by advertising tYip, fact that, homes in Florida arc exmptcd from taxation. However, Ihe interest of ParrH lias nothing to do with i.'ie mer its or demerit s of I lie rroposlllon. Represents 1 1 ve MacWilliams pent out five thousand letters to the dif ferent counties of the slate, unking for expressions on ihe nuhjecl, and has received scores of favorable replies on eax'h mail for sevcrnl days. The con test over the amendment promise to be one of the most interesting of the session. It lias been Intimated that F.,-rrs rut' up the money necessary for printing and fending mil the five thousand let ters. "This is absolutely untrue," ald Mr. MacWilliams. "fr I Iiivk per sonally borne every penny of the en- pense, and I would h;ie wager lli Fatne fight two years aco hut for th Interference of other matters. I think Florida could receive no better ad'er-.. tlslnjz: than that resulting from th" foct that homes actually occijrte i.- owners are exempt from t-ivatlori, an ! that thousand of others hold the sa" view in evident from th large nntn' -of letters I have received and am rei ving." Parrs, who was a leader of the hM Broward-Stockton - Harrs political fac tion, haa been Interested In the pas sage of such an amendment, and in tended to tnake the race for the lr;i' latiire from Duval county, with t'ii" as one of the principal planks in I' plaform, in the laM prlmarie-i, hut v - (Continue on Patre Two) Defective Equipment Responsible for Was A .1 Accidents (Continued on Page Two.) RT A.SSOCIATKP PREPS. Washington, May 20. Defect ive rail road equipment and tracks were re sponsible for tS per cent of a:i derail ments in the I'nlted States during July, August and Stepember. 1312. and during those three months there were 935 more train accidents, including 301 more collisions and der-iilments, tlvin there were during the s.tme months of 1311. All train accidents on steam roads during that time killed and injured 4.598. an increase of R7 in the killed and 315 in the injured during the corresponding perioi of the year before. These facts are disoloscrj in the accident bulletin of Ihe Interstate Commerce Commission. Accidents' f.f other kinds, including those sustained by employes while at work, not including "Industrial acci dents." make the number of casuaMie? 2,99.' killed and 22,147 injured, a total decrease of 2.17 killed and ::.S40 injured. The damage to equipment and road way by the accidents aggregated $1, ."Cfi.401, a large Increase. It was found by the eorrrmisKion that of the derailments ten per cent were due to broken rails and '.'A per cent t' defective wheels. Casualties due to "industrial acci dents" such as are not involved in train operations a.mounted to 111 killed and 2SS4 injured, a decrease of 17 Killed and an increase of 5,2:; 4 injured.