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THE PENS ACOLA JOURNAL, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 14, 1913.
KS ON B AB YOLOG Y 5 " BY ANNA STEESE RICHARDSON . Director of The Better Babies Bureau of the Woman's Home Companion flO. 0. BABY'S LITTLE DEFECTS AND HOW TO CURE THEM. Thss little talks on IBabyoloey are nst designed to take the place of the f -.rn!y physician la the home circle. Vfaey do not deal with remedies nor cures, but wtih the prevention of all events which will assume such cro'cor i:vs that a physician must be called In. Mothers and doctors are waking "C3 to the realization that preventative ntdieine is the crying need among t sties. The day when babies were ',-?tosed to "out-grow" certain lis- i -rureraents or tendencies to disease f r weakness is past. Most of us can 3 ?k back to the barbarous practice of foil-Jnsr a baby with paregroric and taen trusting to Nature to relieve the c :naitlotj which made soothing neees f 5ry, W -really teemed to tkinfc that rr. trade w&ulA tee worlted while the kaby eleptl Jf a baby tad any terrible Seformlty ev acuta disease, we turned ta surgeon rirsiciaa, but we took Ion chances ith the1 baby who was merely good. pever stopped to figure that a good fraby could be-made a better baby by Ir.teJIigent care, a better baby trans fcrmed !nto a well-nlgrh perfect baby. And yet parents owe the children they fcriijgf ipto the world precisely this care. One of the most Interesting: features mf the Better Babies Contests which I have visited this fall has been in Is.mazement of ome mothers when they discovered that with, oh, such a Sutle care and attention, they could "work such wonders in their babies. As an example, in one city near New York, the physicians to charge ct the mnatlons at a contest asked me it I weald attend a meeting of "dress rehearsal" ef the examination a few weeks before the contest. They want to chew with and has outgrown the choking age, he should be given well toasted bread, zweiback. and hard crackers to strensrthen his teeth on. If tha teeth are in bad condition and will not yield to ordinary cleaning and snsisi3 changes in aiei. a doctor dentist should be consulted. The health and chape of the permanent teeta oe rwnd ai th eirt ariven the first. . -In visiting petter Babies Contests I hav b-n nhor.kftd at the number or babies scored low for irregular fea tures which mieht easily have been corrected In lnfancv. The baby laid carelessly to sleep mav arrow uo with mis-shapen ears. I have . seen babies lying in . bed with one ear curled forward. The wee baby la such a tender, pliable bit of 'flesh and blfMi Just let it get into one bad habit of sleeping or lying, and It may be marked for life. When you lay It down, be sure that you lay back ita ears smoothly and firmly, Of course if a child has inherited protruding ears, this defect Is not easy to overcome, but it can be helped or softened by having the baby sleep right from the start with a thin - net ting, cap that will hold the ears not tightly but easily in place. - Do not lay the baby down always on one side. Let it sleep first on the right, then on the left side. I, have seen children of .eight or ten years whose faces are symmetrical that is. larger on one side than the other and physicians say this may have come from always sleeping on the one side. Later in life when the form of the face is fixed, the adult may form any sleep. in habit he likes, but the baby should be trained tr plp on ther sfrt. Tour child has a right to all the beauty you can endow it with. If a demonstration of Just how babies your baby has thin eyebrows and lash- fcre examined by the Better Babies standard score-card. So all the ar rangements were made, the physic ians arreting to have a real baby on nsna tor a "moaei," jujl examination. The baby was scored precisely as if regular contest was underway, and was penalized 5 for a rough skin and 18 for an eruption. The mother pro tested vigorously. The doctors showed her a fine eruption over the abdomen and under the arm pits. She declared that the child had always had the frnarks 'they were a sort of birth-mark. The doctors explained that such an eruption Indicated overfeeding. Here was a bottle-fed baby, getting too tieavy a fare. The mother admitted that she knew nothing about modify "ing the" milk. Tiae doctors told her ifcqtw it fhould be done. The roughness of the skin was due to moeqsuito bites, lots of them. The lupther said she couldn't help that Ifend nei(&ier could, the baby. That was O.e fault of the mosquitos! The doc tors did not agree with her. They ex T'JUned that a careful mother protect ed her child from mosquitos with a netting,, that mosquitos carried disease, that the itchin? sores made the baby MrvouiV'- ....--v - Th3 other listened resentfully, espec ially when she saw that by the card tier baby scored 'only S9. Neverthe less, she .must have thought a great c'eal about what those doctors said, be- ut when the real contest was held J tn Mr city six weeks later, she en tared her babv and it carried off a first I prize, scoring 93 per cent. The chair man of the committee In charge of the work wrote me that this mother bad lightened the quality of the baby's tfood, and the rash had disappeared. h had .cleared her. house of mosqui tos and . the baby's skin was smooth fes a rose petal! Which shows that a Better Babies contest makes mothojs think and act. Also, that a child can fc made healthier and happier with just a little-thought and attention. es, try to encourage tneir growtn. it can be "done. Feed the eyebrows with a little cocoa butter, or vaseline. If vou ere venr :: ceri1. yon ran evAi to undergo the toucn in a lasnes wiu a. uny uamei s J hair brush dipped in melted vaseline. I know a man and wife whose loows were marred by scanty lashes and colorless ' brows. When her babiea came, this woman determined to do something to improve this unfortunate inheritance. She rubbed vaseline into the brows, had the lashes cut twice before the bpb?e w-e thr months old, asking the" family physician, an 1 excellent surgeon to do this for her, and then she touched the roots of the lashes with melted vaseline. Her chll dren now all la their teens, have beau tlful brows and lashes. It Is absolutely criminal to let a child distort ite mouth by sucking thumb or fingers. Cet no mother de ceive herself by saying that the habit is the child' great comfort, a nat ural soother and pacifier. In later years that child, especially If It be a girl, will call her mother to task for permitting the Indulgences. I have seen mothers actually start babies in this fatal habit of finger- sucking by giving them what is known as a paciner," or rubber nipple on a ring. It is natural for a baby to suck at something. He is born hun r. When he is very young, he will continue making sucking motions with his mouth after the breast or bottle has been taken from him. If he hap pens to whimper, the mother thinks the little sucking motion must be sat isfied, she gives him thf pacifier or ac tually sticks his thumb in his mouth. and the mischief la begun. The, tendency to auck the thumb Is easily checked. From the very start, remove the thumb or finger and lay the little hand flrmlv down t tb baby's side a ha drops asleep. Jf he perssits. then Immediately, not after the habit is almost iron-clad. have him sleep .with his hand in a mitten. It is never too soon to cor rect this habit. Better a crying baby today than a deformed daughter ten years from now, Thumbucklng thrusts the teeth out. and tn some cases gives the entile lower part of the face the shape of a rabbit's. Many mothers ask me about badly shaped hands, and stubby fingers. Even these can be Improved or rem edied by patient care right after the baby is born. Smooth them firmly, steadily 'nto shape a few minutes at a Ime. v vrv ..-.time the hstKv wf-,v" Of course If bones are mis-shapen they 'annot be changed, but the stuuky lin ger can be improved by pressure if taken in time. But it does no good to rub the fingers one day and let them go three. It must be done pa rlenrly, regularly at d gently, every day ivhiie the flesh, bones and nails are soft. The next talk will be on fresh air and exercise for the baby. BIG 1.1 CHARITIES EETING INFER WILL BE HELD IN GAINESVILLE LASTING THROUGH THREE DAYS, AND H. PAULSEN, PRO BATION OFFICER, WILL READ A PAPER. JUDGE WOLFE TALKS NICELY jouriAii PENSACOLA JURIST EXPRESSED PLEAS.URE AT THE TREATMENT ACCORDED HIM DURING THREE WEEKS OF BENCH THERE, AND BOOSTS THE CITY ITSELF. The Miami Dally Metropolis f Tuesday prints the following: "I con sider that the future of Miami is as sured, and that it is a large one," said Judga J. Emmet Wolfe, of the first Judical circuit of Florida, Just before fcrizes T were riven a mother came to takln2 the train for Fort Lauderdale - " t-- "'Her' btbya6 J" ' ffi,.9.8- but it had not won a prize. She brought the baby to me to prove its beauty, doll-like features, absolutely classic in their fineness, delicate skin, t eft, silken curls. in Miami holding court here. "There Is a solid prospect here of permanent " prosperity. I anticipate that this country and your city will And those stern iIV "V cI"t v. i v, . . i . n v. interest. not have a prize lust because its teeth were dark and its stomach too big! This "baby" was three years old. Its head should have measured 20 inches nunnia I do not see what can keep Miami rrom becoming a Dig city. The judge was enthusiastic . of his praises of the hospitable spirit of Mi an circumference, its chest 21 and its abdomen 20. Instead, its head meas ured 19, its chest 19 1-2. and its ab domen 21 1-2. In a wee baby the ab domen is -protuberant, but from, two years on the chest should be larger than the abdomen. This indicates two things that the child's respiratory or gans are in good condition, with a fine chest development, and that the food Is properly digested. It took considerable questioning to find out why this pretty child was not In good condition, but in time we got at the truth. The little girl loved candy. She inherited the taste from Jier father and they had indulged her because they thought she could not help it The discolored, decaying teeth ana the .protuberant abdomen both re sulted from over-indulgence in sweets. The mother was - urged to reduce the amount of candy given the child, not suddenly, but by gradually substituting sweetened fresh or stewed fruit, and then as gradually reducing the ainount cf sugar- served with the fruit. This was seven mjonths ago, and now the mother writes that the abdomen is smaller, the teeth in better shape and the child much; less fretful. It is shocking to see the number of children; brought to contests who at three, four and five years have dis colored, decaying teeth. The condi tion of the teeth la a sure indication cf maternal careor lack , of It. Just fc soon as the little teeth appear, tie? should be cleansed. Baby-size ooth brushes, very soft indeed, can Flow be purchased. At first," the teeth fiiould be brushed night" and morning tiOt with a -tooth paste or powder but a very mild antiseptic like glyco-thy--c'lae may. be dropped into the water, -fee tiny teeth must be brushed up s - ! down as well as back and forth, fe 1 special attention should be given ti s rushing the gums. "U hen the baby begins to go" to table, er eat thre-e meals a day In the nur scry, the teeth should be cleansed after tfi meaL.-' - II others: often say In extenuation f f e bad condition of the baby's teeth i-jut it has had bad teeth from the iTinning. Except In the case of con t ..tution all diseases and weakness this ii Incredible. The baby's teeth come 1 a strong and white. They are neg lected and abused. If the teeth turn ciacolored and crumble, one of three crr.citions exist. They are not prop eriy cleaned or the diet given the child I not right or the teeth are not used, lae diet should be looked into by some .T.t who URlerscands the proper pro-rortlona- of Ktarch and minerals, of meat and Vegetables, of mushy food find hard, of saccharine and acid. Just 9 f son as a cill has enough teeth. 'I have been royally treated by everyone," he said, "in fact I do not remember of ever having been more hospitably treated or having enjoyed myself more during any visit any where than I have during the "three weeks that I have stayed In your city." Ha also expressed himself as delighted with the fair and impartial way the newspapers have treated court matters, and with the accuracy with which the work f the court had been reported. Judge Wolfe Is spending today in Port Lauderdale viewing the Ever glades as the guest of the Board of Trade of the Gate City. He will leave that place tonight for Jacksonville, where he will spend a day before go ing to Tallahassee. The Judge has made a remarkable record here, In the opinion of the other court officials. In handling such a large number of cases, mo tions, and orders in the time that he was here. The court business of this circuit, it is said, was in a de plorable condition- due to the long ill ness of Judge L. W. Bethel, who is the regular Jurist for this circuit. Judge Wolfe, however, straightened things put tn splendid shape, and everything is now in eood shape for the January term; aeerding to attorneys. Children take BAT.IARDs HORE HOUND STBTJP willingly because it tastes nice. There Isn't a better rem edy anywhere for children's coughs hoarseness and: bronchi tis. It's a good medicine and . easy to take. Price 25c BOc and $1.00 per bottle. Sold by ali druzgists. CAdv.) "When a railroad is completed they always drive a golden eplks at the end. . "What of If . "When the English militants get the ballot, I spose they will signalise the i finish of the campaign by throwing a gold-plated brick through a stained-! glass wi ndow."" Lo uls vtUe Courier Journal. . The Gainesville Sun says: The Florida State Conference of Charities and Correction will meet in the larg est session in the history of the asso ciation, when delegates from the en tire state will attend the third annual convention to be held In Gainesville, February 14, J5. U. 1914. it is ex' nected to be the greatest session yet held and indications are that it will be a big success. The conference will be attended by 100 delegates from Jacksonville, and from churches, charitable organiza tions, institutes and those .interested in the welfare of Florida, The gen eral object of the three-day session will be the discussion of the aims and methods of philanthropic endeavor, and a large number of speakers from the state and others will be present to take part in the program. Trammel! to Speak. Governor Park Trammell will da. liver the opening address as governor of the state and president of th con. ference, being followed by the wel come address of Mayor C. E3. Math. son. of Gaisesville, and secretary of the woarq or Traae or tnat city, will also speak. It was through the efforts of the Board of Trade of Gainesville that the conference selected It as the place to convene. The Board of Trade offered to nav the expense of the conference, which will be quite large, many speakers and delegates bing present. This proves the generous spirit of the citizens of Gainesville, and the splendid manage ment of the Board of Trade of that city. ' Four noted speakers from other states have consented to speak at the conference, and the large number from riorida, who will take part, shows tlat unusual Interest is being mani fested in the approaching-convention. They are: Dr. Graham Taylor, of Chicago, president of the National Conference of Charities; Alexander Johnson. New Jersey, noted social worker and speaker; Joseph Logan, secretary of Associated Charities of Atlanta, and Owen R. Lovejoy, sec retary National Child Labor Cimmit tee. It would be wprtb the time of the convention if only these noted men spoke, who have had considerable ex perience in the Christian endeavor Una, Program of Conference. Friday afternoon Questions of health and social efficiency. Drug Ad diction, Dr. C. E. Terry, State Health Officer, Jacksonville. Recent Child Ta,hor Legislation in Florida, Mrs. M. E. Randall and Mrs. J. W. McGriff, Jacksonville, Health of the State, Dr. J. T. Por ter, State Health Officer, Key West. Need for State Board of Chartles In Florida, Mr. F. Jennings, Jack sonville. Friday eveningTreatment of De pendents. Alms houses in Florida, R. T. Solestein, . secretary Associated Charities, Jacksonville. Outdoor Rel,iet in Florida, Prof. Arthur Williams, State College for Women,. Tallahassee. Organized Charities, discussed by sev eral from Florida and other states. Saturday morning - Treatment of Delinquents. The Adult Criminal and Adult Probation, W. W. Anderson, Jacksonville. Juvenile Delinquent, J, C. Lanier, Jacksonville. W. H. Baker will also speak on this subject. De tention Home, Mr. Paulsen, Pensacola. How to Deal with Wife Deserter and Recreant Husbands, Sgpt. M. C. Fag?, Children's Home Society, Jacksonville. , Saturday evening Educational. Compulsory Education. Dr. W. F. Blackman, president Rollins College. Agriculture, P. H. Rolfe, Florida Ex perimental Station, Gainesville. Voca tional Training, discussion by Dr. J. A. Thackton. University Florida, and Gra ham Taylor, Chicago. Play as a Factor in Education, Dr. W. H. Coxe and C. H. MacDonald. Moving Picture as an Educator, Mrs. Frnces F. Bernard, Gainesville. Work of Junior Civic clubs, Mrs. W. A. Hocker, presi dent State Federation Women's clubs, Oca la, Sunday afternoon Care and Treat ment of Defectives. Training of Deaf and Dumb, Dr. A. H. Walker, St. Augustine. Care of Epileptic and In sane, Dr. R. N. Green, Chief Phy sician Hospital for Insane, Chatta hoochee. Traninig of Feeble-minded Children. Alexander Johnson, Dtrectos of Extension Training SchooL Vlaa &nt N. 4 The Journal "Want Ad. Way" is the best investment you can make. Of All The Gifts For Christines Giving There are none that so : thoroughly please as do. those from the workshops of the skilled gold and silversmiths. " ' A gift of Jewelry is a gift symbolic of the ten derest sentiment and best wishes. It is so custom 'arily acknowledged. f Here are a few suggestions of gifts of lasting quality: Solid Gojd Stick Pins . .-. . ..... ,$1.5Q Ladies Gold Brace lets. . . . . . ",$5 and up Solid Gold Cuff Links , $1.50 Lavallieres, with chain, solid gold, $4.75 to $100 Ladies 20-yr. Gold Watches. $15 upward Solid Silver Mani cure Articles . . . $1.50 Standard-Makes Watches.. $5 upward Signet Rings, lady's ; or gentleman's, ' g-old . . . $3.50 upward Watch Fobs... . .$1 up Fraternal Order Gold Charms, $5 up Solid Gold Brooches $1.50 Solid Gold Chil dren's Signet Rings ,.$1.50 Ladies' Bracelet Watches $15 up Gold Bar Pins $1.50 Solid Gold Tie Clasps $1.50 Diamond Brooches, $10 upward Ladies or Gentle men's Diamond Rings . . .$12 upward Solid Gold Beauty Pins $1.50 W. A. G A H LENBEGK JEWELER Official Watch Inspector for the I A N. RaHroad Company. SEE R3aiorsey9G Ceeii Stereo for toys and Christmas goods of all kinds, nuts, fruits, candies and gro- ceries. Best creamery BnU ter in city at 38c pound; 2 pounds for 75c, three pounds for $1.05. Fresh Eggs, 35c per dozen. Best Oleomargerine, 25c per pound. Stores 8th Avenue and Gadsden, 924 North Davis. Phone 1632. IDwtQXb Edg ICWIVES Not too big not too little -ut made to stand the demands, of the average man. Every part is so carefully fitted together that any blade opens easily with the thumb sail. They, are, sharpvery sharp when you buy them. They hold an edge and satisfy. You are always proud of your Diviojsti Ebgb Knife. H. W. GIBBS HDW. CO. 44 S. Palafox. Hostess (to yeans eoest) Ton won't have another piece, of pie. Bobby? WUy. you mnit be ufferinv from loss of appetite. . , . Bobbie Nom: rra rarrerlny from a promise to say mother. Boston Tran script. - The B2an Who Succeeds Never Takes a Chance That He Can Avoid . He finds out first what is best to do and then goes ahead. New problems may arise but he is free to tackle them-as they come up. None of his time is taken in learning what others have found out by experience. The man who plants trees or shrubs, ; whether in grove or home grounds, will save time ana money by first getting all the pointers he can from persons who have been successful with their trees and plants whose lessons have been learned. HI i 4 ' Griffing's 1914 Tree Book is a Guide to Success Get a Copy -Free to Yon : . Thit book givea in eoB&ated form tl rip exprfeBC f Ba who kftve fought aad otumm most ( Ut diiEeal tics that are roafmaUd by taa grwr of facta aad oraa uteatals to taa GoU atatas. - It tells what to plaatt, hw t ptaat ft, vaaa tfca plaat. - fas should b doae. how to cultivate, proaa aad sprsy, tha fertilizers that should be aoplted 1X tha thiag that tha prove owner or hoase ground plaster ought to know before Ee begja work. GrifEogs waat to sell yo trees, plants and thrabe but they also desire yon to succeed with what yea bay. So they have prepared this guide book at great ezpeaae bat will sead yon a copy free -write for it today. GriiEags have aorseries at tkree Florida aad acres other ceavaaieaS Gulf coast points, address Griins Brotk 209 Hissksipp A?3. Grnsd Bay, Alatama Mil 1 Let s G95 O ' Sasepafl Today Picked teams from the warships and the r city will play at Maxent Park,:. 3 6 'Clock for the benefit of the Nicnoi Girls Doll T oy Fu Come out and see a good game and also help a most worthy cause Tickets 25 Cents on sale at downtown stores and at park Cars through the city every 10 minutes after 1:30 p m. .Pensacola -LalCGCO c Go, Get Your 3 Twice a .Year and Your Money Back When You Want It. Theae r ttio feature of r-nr "Special Strck" certificates wbioh pay 6 per pent In ml-nn'ial rtjv, . Idends. with the privlle'jo of with - drawing vour money whenever you. need It. If your money Is Idle, or Is draw Ir.g lees than 8 per cent, cot; place It wltb ua. Regular stock rabsfrlTtlons ns cally earn 7 - to ?H per cent aj3 nualiy In this assoclAtlon. Pensacola Home and Savings Association M. CARY, President. JOHN MASSEY. Secretary. 14 , East Government. DR. CHAS. R. MITCHELL OSTEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN. Masonic Temple. Hours 012 t3 , Phone 1330. Eleven years experience In th treat ment of all sub-acute and chronic dis eases, such as Asthma, Baelcavche. E3 lousness. Bronchitis. Constlaatfoa. Cramps. Couarhs. olds. Dyspepsia. Cye and Ear Disorders. Diseases of Women, headache. Insomnia, Kidney and iirtt troubles. Lumbaro, Nervousrf ears, Keu raltrla. Neuritis. Paralysis, piles. Ehea matlsm. Stomach Diseases. Sciatica. Spinal Curvature. Stiff Neck. Stiff Joists, etc GG or "93" to Central and shell connect you with the source of the best coal on earth f 'a 14 East Government Street. Phonea Office " 93 and 119. Yard and 134.