Newspaper Page Text
The Coming Garden Spot of the
PRICE, FIVE CENTS.
VOL,. XVII. NO. 165.
PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 14. 1914.
AVIATORS MADE MAPS
Srft-; - ; rr- .
HOW THE FLYING MACHINES
FROM PENSACOLA Al DEO IN
. THE OCCUPATION OF MEXICAN
WWle as yet nothing very destruc
tive in actual warfare has been ac
4 complished through aviation, those
who are actually engaged in the
science feel sure of great achievements
should occasion demand as in our case
with Mexico. Tliat both England and
Germany believe in Its value In war
fare is shown from the fact that Great
Britain is already in possession of
more than one hundred and fifty aero
planes, while Germany, who has so far
maintained the greatest secrecy along
his line is said to own three hundred
and sixty aeroplanes and twenty dir
igible balloons. The French army has
a large aviation corps in fact, all the
European countries are well equipped
with flying machines of various kinds
which could be used in actual war
tare. The United States is at present far
behind in this equipment, but only as
far as the number of machines is con
cerned, for the officers of both our
army and navy corps of aviators are
well trained and just as competent
and brave, if not more so. than the
who man the dreadnoughts of the
foreign lands. Time and again
fliers have demonstrated this dur
ing experimental flights, and recently
(Lieutenant Bellinger, of the U. S.
icavy Corps, flew directly over the
Alexican army camp.
Aviators Prepare for Mexico,
Admiral Badger's fleet had scarcely
left Hampton Roads when a message
from the navy department reached
Pensacola, the new a-iation training
school of the navy, ordering the air
fleet to join the ships at Vera Cruz,
prepared for duty. The "Mississippi,"
which early in January had been de
tailed as the aviation ship and sent
to Pensacola, was lyine at anchor in
the old navy yard near the hangars
of the aviation school. It was soon
put In order and officers from various
shore stations were sent post haste to
Florida to join the ship. In the mean
time the hydro-aeroplanes were taken
apart and stowed away on the "Mis
sissippi." The members of the avia
tion corps whose living a.uarters have
teen on the battleship for the past
few months were already prepared for
this trip. About thirty mechanicians
were next taken on board, all eager to
try out the machines in real warfare.
The aviators were Lieutenant Com
mander H. C. Mustin. Lieut. John
Towers, Lieut. Victor Herbster, Lieut.
P. T. L. Bellinger, Lieut. Sansley, En
sign Chevalier, Ensign Bemonte, and
Ensign Stolz, all of the navy, and
Lieut. B. L. Smith, of the marine
corps. At Vera iruz they were met
by Lieut. T. O. Ellyson, who until a
year asro was an active filer. The me
chanicians are all enlisted men. The
Our Sturgis Go-Cart are the best we have re
tailed the Sturcris Cart for years. Our long experi
ence with different line has taught us many things
about folding carts.
The Sturgis Cart gives
gives us perfect satisfaction
low as many inferior lines.
you will, by comparison see
(left) and Bellinger (right.)
aviators had already had some experi
ence as air scouts, for during the three
months spent on the shores of Guan
tanamo Bay early in 1913 they dem
onstrated this part of aviation by fly
ing out to sea and discovering a part
of the fleet which had gone to sea a
day or two before for battle practice.
The air scouts made flying trips in all
Lieut. Chevaleaux (left)
sorts of weather and each time re
turned and reported the exact location
of these ships to the admiral with the
result that several destroyers were
sent out in order to ascertain the cor
rectness of the air scouts' report. They
found the ships located according to
the chart made by the aviators and
captured the ships. Of course, this
was only a war game, but it ser-ed
to illustrate the real worth of aero
plane in actual war.
Several types of machines were car
ried, among them a new tyre of flying
boat known as "The Owl." It is a
rather curious affair, for beneath the
customary host are two wheels. This
makes is practical both for landing on
land or water. This machine is likely
to prove of inestimable value if there
is an inland occupation. Another is
the regulation Curtiss flying boat. Two
men can sit in the boat section which
resembles a huge wooden shoe in front
with the tail of a fish in the rear.
These machines can carry bombs be
sides the aviators, and as the officers
who operate them have practiced
bomb-throwing for some time they
were prepared to defend themselves
in case the Mexicans should decide to
take a shot at fhem, but so far this
you perfect service and
and the price is just as
See our Sturgis line and
their many advantages.
OF VERA CRUZ,
Captain Sims (left) and
has not been necessary as the Mexi
cans were so over-awed Vrv the ap
pearance of the flying machine that
they merely stood and looked at It as
a boy does at a circus parade.
Flying Over Vera Cruz.
Lieutenant Towers. Lieutenant El
lyson and Lieutenant Bellinger have
been flying over Vera Cruz at regular
and Lleue. McAvane (right).
intervals, and onre or twice they have
extended their flights far inland. They
succeeded in locating several Mexican
camps and have made maps of the
surrounding country. It can be read
ily understood how valuable these
maps will be in case mediation should
prove a failure, in whii h event a
march to Mexico City by our army
would be inevitable This would be
by no means an easy task as in many
places there are narrow passes
through the mountains where our men
inigh- be easily ambushed but for the
all-seeing eye of the aviator who could
locate the enemy aiid avoid such a
catastrophe. When maps are to be
made two aviators go up in the same
aero; lane, one guiding the maenine
and the other doing the sketching or
working a camera. As the machine
glides along- without jar the man who
is doing the sketching is not disturbed
by the bumps or jolts which occur on
land. He merely looks down and uses
his pencil. He can turn back as many
rimes as he pleases, and go up or de
scend at will. The aviators declare
it to be the most satisfactory way of
sketching fortifications, etc. Several
of them are said to have made photo
graphs of the camps and the sur
rounding country, but these so far are
kept a secret by the commanding offi
cers, who declare themselves highly
gratified over the results. Apart from
the serious j'art of the aviators' work
their flights have aroused the greatest
curiosity on the part of the residents
of Vera Cruz. who gather in the
streets each day to watch the birdlike
machines as they soar over the city.
Several of the European countries
have forbidden aviators from other
countries to fly over their lnnd with
out permission, fearing that plans of
their fortifications would be made
Happily Mexico had no such kiw or
another incident might have been ad -ded
to the Mexican mix-up. It Is well
known that President Wilson issued
an order last August forbidding any
one to fly over the Panama canaL
Not Easily Hit by Bullets.
Plying at the rate of fifty miles an
hour it is claimed by war theorists
that the chance of being brought dowr
iy the enemy's guns is slight As far
as known, the Mexicans have no
equipment which would come any
where near hitting a machine flying
Several long flights have been made
at Vera Cruz, such as the tests at
Guantanamo last year. These are to
try the effect of smoke and the dif
ferent air currents of tnat part of the
:rop:cs in fact, almost every con
ceivable test has been made in trying
out the machines, and they have
stood the test It will be recalled tha:
in the Turkish-Italian and Balkan
wars the aerial scouts did more to
ward saving lives than in destroying
them. These aviators were so swift
in detecting the movements of armies
that where they were employed the
element of surprise was removed, and
in the first case the Italians were en
abled to occupy Tripolitana with lit
tle opposition: in the second case.
Adrianople and o:her strongholds
were taken with only a fraction of the
loss of life which would have been in
volved otherwise. It is hoped that
the same results can be obtained in
Flying from Battleships.
Various devices have been invented
for the use of aeroplanes on battle
ships, but the one regarded as most
perfect is that invented by Captain
Captain Mustin (right.)
Washington Chambers, one of the of
ficers of the department of aeronau
tics at Washington, an apparatus for
the purpose of starting aeroplanes
from the deck of a battleship- This
has been successfully tested and it
is said will later become a part of the
equipment of each squadron, and if
not actually carried on battleships will
have quarters on one of the auxil
iaries. The flying boat can land be
sides a battleship and if necessary can
be hoisted up on deck or make its start
again from the water.
Corps Remarkable Aviators.
The aviation corps at Vera Cruz
numbers among its members several
officers who have done some remark
able flying. On of them. Lieutenant
John Towers, has come to be regarded
as one of the world's greatest avia
tors. He is highly enthusiastic o e.r
the possibilities of the flying boat and
has used it in his greatest flights. It
will be recalled that he was in the air
as a passenger with Ensign Biliings
ley in a Wright hydro-aeroplane last
summer at Annapolis when the latter
was killed. Lieutenant Towers saved
himself by clinging to the machine
which, after falling about six hundred
feet, turned in such a way as to form
a sort of parachute. Lieutenant Tow
ers' arm was badly wrenched and his
nervous system racked, but after sev
eral months in the hospital he recov
ered and resumed his work a the avi
ation camp. He has recently been in
consultation with Rodman Wanna
maker as to plans at one time hoped
to be ons of the pilots At present it
is doubtful as to whether the secre
tary of the navy will allow him to
Lieutenant Bellinger, too. is regard
ed as an expert ntid is an altitude flier,
an accomplishment which v. ill pr
valuable in case -it should become
necessary to fly over the Mexican
mountains. Lieutenant Smith, of the
marine corps, ranks h;gh in aia- on
and knows how to put his machine
through all sorts of evolutions under
different conditions of air During
January of this year he accompanied
the transports "Hancock" and
"Prairie" to Culebra Island Porto
Rico, where they went to ?ive the ma
rines a practice cruise. Lieutenant
Mcllvain, also of the marine corps, ac
companied him and the two made sev
eral record flights. Lieutenant Mcll
vain has been left In charge of the
station at Pensacola but later he, too,
may be called to Vera Cruz.
$100,000,000 Spent In Aviation By
During the past three years the na
tions of the world have spent more
than one hundred millions of dollars
in air crafts. The greater part of this
has been spent for miltiary purposes
and by European countries. Cp to the
present time it has been exceedingly
difficult to make congress understand
the needs of the aviation corps nd
for a long time they worked at a great
disadvantage as their flying machines
had to be purchased out of money set
aside for working equipment, there
NOW GOING ON.
Grasp the Opportunity.
F. E. BRAWNER, Mgr.
B. Gerson's old stand.
Coo! Off at Fort
Every Monday, Wednesdiy and
Frlaay evening the Post Exchange
fin Open fiir Picture
3 Reels. 7:15 to 8:45 p. m.
Music by the farrous Eighth Band
Take Biyshore car leaving Pensa
cola 6.30 p. m , or corns In your
being no special fund for the pur-
cnase of aviation supplies, and only
recently some money was set apart for
new machines The Mexican situation
and the excellent work being accom
plished by the aviators in solving the
problem of safety for our men puts a
new phase nn the aviation corps, and
it :s more than likely that these brave
yoang officer who are risking their
lives every day at Vera Cruz will no
longer suffer from lack of flyins
equipment the safest and best which
money can secure.
Inside and Outside
ant that the
or by inactivity of the
(In Tablet or
Cleanses the system and more. It pats the lirer in such a condition of
health that it purifies the blood as it should. It helps the stomach
digest food so that it makes good blood rich, red blood to nourish and
Strengthen all the organs.
You n.s.y avail yourself of its tonie, rervrifyinp influence by getting a
fcottle orabox of tablets from your medicine dealer or send 50c for a
trial box. Address as below.
1 M J J7 "Dr Pierce's Common Sense Medical Adviser" a French cloth bonnd book of
jt 5v In r8 lots pag-es on receipt of 31 one -cent stamps to cover muiiini: charccs. Address
A---1" Dr. K. V. Pierce. Buffalo, N. Y.
. ---vfTrirrw' JMtfn?A rear
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It is a stylish looking four-cylinder car of 40
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Equipment of the Mitchell Four -Forty
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Electric self-starter and generator separate electric light 7-lant quick
action rain vision and windshield; fine speedometer extra removable rim
double extra tire carriers bair bow holders electric expirrir.g Uinp electric
forn mohair top and dust cover pump, jick and complete set ot tools.
These articles are in no senae cheap or shoddy but the oest appurtenances on
the market. They make the car complete.
602 American National Bank Building.
i ROBERTS-GONZALEZ i
Roberts-Gonzalez, June IS Mr. and
Mrs. R. P. Wilder snd son. Gien visit
ed Mr. WiMer's brother, H. C. Wilder
of Cantonment Sunday.
Mrs. Eugene Bonifay of Pensaco'.n.
who has been spending several dA
at the home of Mr. and Mrs. M. Mc-
Voy returned home Sunday.
Miss Ot hells. Evans visited
in Pensacola Sunday and Mo:
Rev. Mr. and Mrs. M. J 3oul
wearinjf a broad smile over
rival of a bright faced little boy at
Mr. D. M. Robbin drove to Mus
Miss Naomi Gonzales left Monday
to visit friends in Mobile, Ala
Mr. E. Waters of Pensacola was a
business caller Wednesday.
Mr. J. A. Evans was in the Deep
Water City Wednesday evening.
Dollar Day was a big day
in Pensacola, but the mer
chants will make this Dol
lar Day the greatest of them
all. DOLLAR DAY WILL
BE IN JUNE.
Subscribe for The Journal.
If vou would be
healthy, strong and
happy. Baths keep the skin
clean and in irood condition. But
what about the inside of the body?
You can no more afford to neglect it
than the outside. It 13 just as import
system be cleansed of the poisonous
by weakness of the digestive organs
Kow to Keep Well
This Hot Weather
Costs less than r2
cent an hour to have a
cool, refreshing breeze.
New Business Dept.
Phones 2010 and 2011
Notice to Ice Consumers.
Our wagon? are enulpnd vlth eea!a
and consumers will plfast cxaot correct
weight and report any rt lacurtey ot
drivers to office phonea 59 or i'39.
Pensacola Ice Company.
r-.tted by an expert. Relief nrd
a.arf -jcticn guaranteed. M.-ill or
ders have prompt attention.
The Crystal Pharmacy,
TUTTI FRUITI ICE
115 North Palafox Street.
Pensacola Crockery Co.,
Wholeseale Dealers In
107 South Palafox Street.
CROCKERY. TINWARE. ENAMEL
WARE A N O NOTIONS.
Agents for McCray Rf
Kxperf locksmiths ami mmsmithn:
bfeyclea repaired. S; ortrff eooda
of all kinds. 21 S. Palafox St
Reynolds' Asphalt Slate
Red or Green.
Lee Lumber Co.
Hart Schaffner & Marx, and
L. E. NOBLES & CO.
"Your Mcney'a Worth or Your Money
29 South Palafox. Phone 790.
DR. J. P. PHILLIPS,
Pellagra and Dropsy a
DR. HENRY BORST.
Stomach Specialist and Specialist in
Diseases of Children, Is now located In
Flaher Keal Estate Building. 204V South
Palafox street. Office hours, 10 to 12 and
2 to 5.
DR. J. L. INGRAM.
GLASSES CORRECTLY FITTED
LENSES DUPLICATED WHILE YOU
10 South Palafox.
With Will C. Dlffenderfar.
T. G. YATES, M. D.
410 Blount Building.
Twenty Years' Experience aa an Eya
Specialist. Examination free
DR. J. B. TILLER,
810 Blount Building.
Office Phone. SS Residence Phone, 41