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inpn MANY M VPOHPf TO C7 ! ,1 . . . v rr tr m. J3h Ji "V p . wt msm n Paris Reports Say She Can Get Metz and a Portion of Alsace to Quit j j OS a: 5 OS Russian Embassy at Tokio Announces egfins "War on Russia iurieey A' 'CP'S P ACE'O S TO FR A Mr 7 B PENSACOLA WEATHEIg ra'- FH-lav and Sat- i Yesterday's r.u r s t winas. est, tS degrees. VOL. XVII. NO. 303. blow at mm OF OPPOSING AMY E3IJEAK THE RESISTANCE OF LAST UNITS OF ARMIES TRYING TO MAINTAIN THEMSELVES IN POLAND. GERMANS WILL ATTEMPT TO BREAK THROUGH LINES OF ALLIES FROM LILLE IF THIS IS SUCCESSFUL THE FRONT FROM YPRES TO THE COAST WILL HAVE TO FALL BACK TOWARD DUN KIRKNOTHING OF IMPORTANCE IS EX PECTED UNTIL TROOPS ARE GIVEN A REST. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. London, October 30. j I France from the allies, Germany has made an offer to concluue peace on a basis ot the cession of Metz and possibly a portion of Alsace to France. The offer, ac cording to the correspondent, was refused. TURKEY OPENS WAR ON RUSSIA. Tokio, October 30. The Russian embassy here an nounces that Turkey has opened war on Russia. Theodosia, Crimea, October 29. For one hour today a Turkish cruiser bombarded the city, damaging many buildings. One soldier was wounded. When the bom h rdment was concluded the cruiser left toward the south west. Theodosia formerly was Kaffa, and is a Russian seaport on the southeast coast of Crimea. LULL IN FIGHTING ALONG BATTLE LINE. London, October 29. The battle of the Yser and the J.J lies of fights along the whole front in Belgium and -France appear, with the troops now exhausted, to have atacks, in which the gains and losses are about equally dvided. The battle front near the sea was comparatively cam again today, and although the Germans, in this Morning's bulletin, claimed progress south of Nieuport, the French late today say there is no change. The Germans seem to have transferred their more serious operations further inland and to be trying to break through the allies' lines from Lille. If this is successful, the allies holding the front through Ypres to the coast, will have to fall back toward Dunkirk. However, nothing mportant is likely until the troops have been given a rest and reinforcements arrive to fill the gaps in both armies. Where the Germans are pushing, this long promised at tack toward Verdun, both sides are losing prisoners and gpLins In Poland, where the Austrians and Germans are re tiring before the Russians, something more decisive has occurred. Driving back the Warsaw last week, the Russians now have struck at their center southwest of Warsaw, and according to Petrograd reports, have broken the resistance of the last units or the armies trying: to maintain themselves north of the Pilitza river. On the East claim success. In South Africa the situation appears more favorable. Premier Botha is at the head of the army operating against the rebellious commands of Generals Beyers and DeWet. The report that the Germans have invaded the Portu guese colony of Angola lacks confirmation. ONSLAUGHTS OF ARMIES ARE LACKING IN FORCE 5 lk Vj Mwsr! Oct. 29. The onslaughts cf larmia battling for mastery n iNffian marsh lands still lack the Jte necessary to score a victory. The "mans have not reached the French nor have the allies frustrited '?e;r dotfrmlnatlon to attain this goal ""ertfieless such scraps of reliable as reach London are a uy British observers to Indicate temperature: . THE ALLIES HOLDING The Daily Chronicle's Paris nerman rieht advancing in Prussian frontier both sides that the advantage at this stage rests with the allied troops. The German assent to this Is, of course, only negative In character and takes the shape of a confession of failure to achieve their object to break through the defense of their oppon ents. That the reported lnll in the fighting in this region Is only momen tary Is taken for granted, but up to tha nrpnt ttm nanra nt a renCWS! of the German offensive has come to Jatiwied a P SiurJl PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 30, 1914. Map Shows Where Hap shows where some of the bloodiest fighting of the war has taken place during the past week. A part of the German army at frightful cost has succeeded in cross ing the Yser canal near Nieuport. ! . MEXICAN CONVENTION STORMY; DELEGATES REACH FOR PISTOLS Will Hold Conference on Foreign Exchange SECRET EWIEWTS OF OCEAN VESSELS The Destinations of Vessels Clearing for Foreign Ports Will Not Be Made Public in the Future. The movements of ocean vessels, clearing from Pensacola, will in fu ture be kept secret, insofar as the na ture of their cargoes and their desti nation is concerned. There will be no further enrolling 4n the 'clearance" book at the custom house of the ves sels destination, although it is expect ed the name will be entered the saxn as heretofore. This change has been ordered by the secretary of the treasury and Pen- sacola custom officials anticipate tho receipt of an order to this effect to- day. It la designed to prevent the warring powers becoming cognizant of what vessels are leaving ports oi TTnit. . Stat with cargoes uea- tlned for European poris, thus en abling them to seize both vessels and cargoes. The order of Secretary Mc Adoo follows: "Until further directed, you will re frain from making public or giving out to any other than duly authorized U"U-: information ny and aH outward cargoes fndthl donation thereof until thirty days after the date of the clear- ance of the vessel or wwsal arryins suca arse, KEEP Great Armies Meet British and American Rep , resentatives Will Discuss the . Cotton Situation McAdoo Sends Letter to Clearing House Chair man. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington, Oct. 29. Another con ference on foreign exchange condi tions and international features of the cotton situation will be held at. "lie treasury department tomorrow be tween Governor Hamlin and Paul Al. Warburg of the federal reserve board, Sir George Paish and Basil B. Black ett of the British treasury, and Ben jamin Strong and A. H. Wiggins, New York bankers. Secretary McAdoo tonight made pub lic a letter he had sent to clearing house chairmen throughout the coun try urging support of the one hundred and thirty-five million dollar cotton loan fund. 'He said the cotton situa tion presented a problem of the most urgent character and declared his con viction that a prompt subscription of the loan fund would be productive of immense beneficial results, Postmaster General Burleson today awarded to a South Carolina firm the contract for supplying the postofflce department's entire annual supply of wrapping twine, about one million and half pounds, at thirteen cents rer pound for cotton cord: It Is estimated . a H 11 ia acta xr n f xf mat twenty idouii the substitution of cotton for jute twine heretofore exclusively used. DESTROYER PAULDING SINKS DEEPER IN MUD Norfolk, Va, Oct. it. Tho destroyer Paulding. agTound at Lynn Haven ln- l. has settled deeper In the sand. The crew still is aboard, but a part will UMr KNm be .. naval station h-"Jf tJSo! . private ""ZJJuL jbe employed to float the Fauiaing. EOSES TO INTEREST wrrvTT;DC ULDEC! ALLEGED I(U (LUX TRIAL FOR LIFE Three Charged With the Murder of John Walden in the Northern Part of Holmes County, Being Tried SPKCIAL .TO THE JOURNAL Bonifay, Oct. 29. The trials of Lonzo Grubbs, Tom Myers and Harvey IClUx clan "that IV is ""claimed '"exists .JfA-.v.- n.1.-t..w.-.vt. near the Florida line, 'acgan yesterday in the circuit court. They are charged with the murder of John Walden, of the same neighborhood, who was shot from ambush several weeks ago. The (Continued on Page Three.) Finally, Yield to Calming Speeches of Their Col leagues Villa and Zapata Delegates Rule the Con vention. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Aguas Calientes, Oct. 29. The coali tion of delegates representing Villa and Zapata ruled Thursday's session of the Mexican national convention after the stormiest and most exciting meeting the assembly has witnessed. The delegates reached for their revol vers, but finally yielded to the calming speeches of their colleagues. . Antonio Soto Gam a, who spoke for the Zapatistas precipitated the climax which threatened disruption of the convention. The first part of his speech was applauded, but one of his meta phors, miscarried. He had compared the Mexican flag to a rag and was not permitted to finish his figure of speech. Indignant and angry delegates rose to their feet and with hands on their pistols yelled at each other in fury. General Obregon, Colonel Hay and other prominent delegates rushed to the platform and finally succeeded In obtaining order. Washington, Oct. 29. Official re ports received here tonight said that Carranza had ten thousand troops at Leon, twenty-flve miles south of Aguas Calientes, ready to block any south ward movement of the Villa forces In the event the Aguas Calientes conven tion fails to effect a peaceful solution of Mexico's difficulties. EVEN THE ARMY RATION COMES A BIT EXPENSIVE "Washington. Oct. 89. Even the army ration with its simple components, iias shared in the general Increased cost of living. The annual report of Quar termaster General Aleshire, shows that the average cost of the ration for American troops this year was 24.40 cents as against 23.41 for 1911. TWO COLLIES START OUT WITH SUPPLIES Norfolk. Va-, Oct. The colliers Mars and Hector sailed yesterday afternoon for Hawaii via the Panama canaL The Hector carries a subma rine torpedo boat on her deck and structural steel for buildlncs to be erected at the Peart harbor, Hawaii, naval station. this TXT HPI-JTO CtTrTTXT TXT SECURING BELGIAN SETTLERS European mm Thinking People of the World, Says H. Jensen, Will Cause the Great Con flict to Be Brought to a Close Not All the World War Mad. Although England is preparing for a war of two years, Hjalmar Jensen, head of the London-Savannah Naval Stores Co., believes the great conflict wiJl be brought to a close within six months. He -tases this belief, not on what he learned in Europe, but because of the fact that not all the world is war mad. On the contrary only the leaders in the war movement are in thia conditions an dthe great majority of thinking people will cause the conflict to end long before a decision is reached on the fields of battle. Mr. Jensen is direct from London, -Hi- farr;!y res:de . In - that. cits.. al though ho Is compelled to remain in Savannah to a great extent, the latter city being the headquarters of his Company which has offices also in Pen sacola and other cities in the naval stores, belt. Mr. Jensen Is considered one of the biggest men In the naval stores world and he Is in close touch with the pro ducers, factors and auyers and his views on market conditions are conse quently sought by those interested in the trade. "There Is hardly anything that can be told," said Mr. Jensen to a Journal representative last night, "that Is not already known by the producers, for they are remarkably well informed, both on conditions here and abroad. As far as general market conditions are concerned It Is a well known fict that turpentine today i selling below its intrinsic value and should be bringing between 50 and 65 cents 1 per gallon There are now about seventy thousand casks, roughly speaking, being held, and if I had the capital I would gladly hold this amount for six months, by which time, in my opion, the war will be over. "The suspension of the American Naval Stores Co., caused a shrinkage in values of fully $20,000,000. This company upheld prices and the oper ators, never thinking the values would decline, bought or leased more land than they should at high prices, and the production toegan to increase in great volumes. The present condi tions are partially due to this produc tion, for when the American suspended there was a surplus of some 600,000 barrels of rosin on the market with a new crop coming on. However, thi condition Is rapidly passing. There was a marked decrease In the pro duction this year and It will be greater next year, for many are doing dusI ness on a less expensive scale. "The formation of the T. V. A., in which. I am informed 80 per cent of the producers are enrolled, will serve to hold up the prices, for It leaves only 20 per cent of the turpentine and rosin produced to be sold independent ly. "When this is marketed buyers will be compelled to seek the associa tion and as a result prices will be kept up." HAS SON IN WAR. Mr. Jensen's family reside in London and his oldest son has enlisted In the British army and "been given a com mission as a lieutenant. The system now In vogue there is to put all the re cruits through a course of training and then send them to stations to re lieve more experienced officers and men who are in turn sent to the front. BIG INCREASE IN CHURCH GROWTH BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington, Oct. 29. More than 8,000 new members were added to the Seventh Day Adventlst church this year, according to a report presented at today's session of the general con ference of that denomination. It also showed that the Seventh Day Adventlst movement now penetrates eighty-five countries. Contributions for evangelistic work totaled 2,66,727, an increase of $164, 528 over 113. Of this amount $2,079, 223 was raised In Kortti America, PENSACOLA Is t-c Natural Gulf Gateway for the Great South American Trade of the near future. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. LAND Prcs't C. E. Dobson of the Chamber of Commerce Is Working on Pan. ONE LAND OWNER WILL GIVE $1,000 The Belgian Peasant is Per haps the Most Industrious and Thrifty Farmer in the World Their Homes are Now Devastated and It Proper Efforts arc Made They Could Be Induced to Come Here. President C. K. DiVbson of theCham wi of Commerce has been quietly at work for rome time on a plan to latere Florida's large land owners In wur' aS settlers from Belgium, tho war-fr'ejt. country whose people have been im pelled to flee to Kngland and Hollar.! for sustenance and protection. Pics. dent Dobson has already rec -rived in surances from one larKe kvml liol.l.f that he will contribute $1,0',)0 In rnoii y and offer other inducement if .rt tW rrom these hardy pcorAe cm l.f k -cured for the rich 7urm l.ui.ls . f The Belfrian peasant in perh;..; (1. mot industrious nrid thrifty r.inur in the world. Tl ,e density f ilm papulation and the. limiU-1 tfirllors r.f the small Belgian kind.xu have m :n)n thrift and industry not-OK.s.try for every one ther who rnakew rj lUiriK I'mm ili soil. Tho con: ?quencc is tint i-vry foot of Belgian' .voll Is cultivated arid every farmer knows how to K' t llm most out of tha foot of soil. In Florida's cll.mate, where farmiiur operationn ran ! carried on at all seasons of tl-o veur, the IlKinn farmer would unquestionably to.ik the gro.it eft kind of a iucce and President Dobson believes th.it tho rlfrht Kind of effort will 'bring quite -i greit num ber of Belgian refugees liei e. As an indication that other organiza tions and sections are interested lr the name idea, it is noted tha. th Na.ahville Industrial Bureau Is si no t. work on a similar plan and the Mobile Chamber of Commerce Is taking it ui as well. It is jelieved that the United State department of commerce will asslit any proper effort to secure Be'gtan settlers for southern farm laniB mkI tho matter will be takft.n up with tho department at once. The matter is an important one and well worth the earnest consideration of all who are interested In southern farm development. Steel Barons In Annual Meeting Are Optimistic BY ASSOCIATED PKESS. Birmingham, Ala Oct. 29. Am op timistic prediction of bun!nsK . ,,"il tlons in this country for the tmm ill . future and the statement the' t!io struggle for commercial suprem.iey was the underlying cause of th K;j ropean war, were features of the 1 dress delivered by Judi;e IJlbert 1 1. Oary, president, before th. seventh r'i nual meeting of the American Ii on and Steel Institute, which opened h' r today. "Without particularizing,'' -'I Judge Gary, "it would eeni si- f predict that in rnnny important re spects, business condition in rue Pnlted States for the rief ,'i'"i months at least, will le-tt-r t! n they have been the last three ncn .: :. As to tie long future, I with '- phafiis, that the opportunit ies . r progress in this country aro pret'.r than ever before." LOSS THROUGH WAR. Mr. Gary declared If the Kuropein f war is continued with Its present v!o- lence for eighteen months, the Ions of life will aggregate four million, ami the pecuniary loss to all the nations involved will total thirty-h.e hi; -hi dollars. PRESIDENT WILSON CHATS WITH NOVELIST Washington, October 29. President Wilson today received Jerome K. Je rome, the Enrl'-h author. They dis cussed literary subjects.