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rurkey V Entry Into' the . European ; War ' tsieseases, the Complications preece, Italy,. Bulgaria: .and Portugal re Expected to Take a Hs.nrl E EC V17 PENSACOLA Is te Natural Gulf Gateway for the Gret South American Trade of the near future. sterday's Temperature; I Fair Saturcfey. Sunday ahest, 71 ocy i " - i !! wnner norxn portion gentle to moderate winds it, 51 ties'""" SY i pl n r.- i m n .i nil innrnnra I ic, PlaJ :oii i't Is th Li a. iff h if, rtt : n. er it mi c CAi VOL. XVII. NO. 304. PENSACOLA. FLORIDA, SATURDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 31, 1914. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. 1M ATTEB 11 VJ ME 0MS0CCE ORK OF BRITISH WARSHIPS AND BELGIAN ARMY COMPELLED THE GERMAN ARMY TO WITHDRAW RITISH AND FRENCH REPORTED TO HAVE ADVANCED INTQ THE INTERIOR URKEY HAS NOT OFFICIALLY DECLARED WAR, BUT HER ACTION MAKES THIS STEP UNNECESSARY GREECE EXPECTED TO BE THE FIRST OF THE NOW NEUTRAL COUN TRIES TO JOIN THE ALLIES IN GREAT WORLD WAR v? : i BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. London, Oct., 30. The complications of the European 2r have been increased by the entrance of Turkey into e conflict on the side of Germany and Austria After s Breslau had bombarded Theodosia, Russia, Turkish troyers sank the Russian gunboat Donets in Odessa Irbor and damaged three Russian and one French mer- antman. No official declaration of war has yet been ade, but Turkey's action seems to make it probable that e area of the conflict may be greatly widened, Greece, it is believed, will likely be the first stater now lutral, tor throw; her.;wdghtvagalri;sleyr 13ulf aria3! bund to Russia by racial ties and to Great Britain by ob- ations for diplomatic support in the last war, but her in- rests and sentiments are violently hostile to both Turkey hd Greece. How long Italy will remain aloof is another question bing asked by the newspapers. The Portuguese govern ment describes the German invasion of Angola as a small pfair, but it is thought it may result in bringing Portugal efinitely into the war on the side of the allies. News from the western battle lines tonight indicate lie German's desperate attempt to gain Calais and com- and the English channel has failed for the present. The ooding of the valley, or Yser canal' together with the ork of the British warships and Belgian army along, the past are reported to have Compelled the Germans to with- raw, while the British and French are said to have been ble to advance further into the interior. No important developments have been reported from Poland or Galicia today. Photo she v.-s -scene at the "burial of forty-three English . sailors whose bodies . drifted ashore at Gravenzande, Holland. They were the victims of the Cressy and -other disasters and were buried in one grave. Note the min ister at the extreme right and the rough coffins in the background. CoiriMicdtidhs in the vnr D Mm r ;' - i . ' . , .... ' 11 aitzans DEADLY WORK OF GERMAN CRUISER. Paris, Oct. 30. The French destroyer Mousquet, it as learned today, was sunk with the Russian cruiser emtchuar, at Penansr, in the Strait of Settlements, by the Ikrman cruiser Emden yesterday. The Emden entered he harbor flying the Russian flag, then suddenly hoisted he German flag and fired on the Zemtchug. The cruiser pas taken by surprise and unable to defend herself and unk in a few minutes. The Emden then went to sea, followed by the Mous- inct. The destroyer tried to torpedo the Emden but was erself sent to the botton. The cruisers of the allied fleet i Penang and vicinity are pursuing the Emden. fATTLE ARRAY STRETCHES NOW ALMOST ACROSS EUROPE London. Oct. SO. The battle array s a result of the entry of the Otto an empire Into the InteraatiDnal f'sele now stretches in an almost broken diagonal line aeroes Europe. s Turkey's adherence to the Ten- flc side of the quarrel can har My ! tie Jast new factor in the war pich gradually is engulflng the Kas- hemisphere, the conflict may saoh from the Atlantic to the Indian cn. Greece. Rumania and Bulgaria ate ctioalTy certain to b drawn into oor.fl!ct which already la enraging 11 nations and the ultimate incl islar a'y and Persia with perhaps the at'c lar-ds to the eastward of Cie er country, is , today regarded iu rnon as scarcelv Ipsa nrobable. I Hot on the heels of the Turkish of- a!l;!v . . i - " movement asrainsi jkussihxi JrtS on thf Rlaflr pat amounts to a declaration of war V Emperor Nicholas in th form of Auctions to his ambassador and 5 COnstlla tn nnlt TnrV.w fnrthwtth "ls Will be followed nrnmntlv bv f !lar action on the part of ach t;ip allied governments. The ap trance of the allied fieet off the rardanelles will be a natural tse quence. The intervention of the Porte, ticce its persistent disregard of-the wn--ings of Great Britain, France and Rus sia has been anticipated and ls ' said lo have been thoroughly ' prepared for. It is accepted in London as another proof of the Germans' intention to en deavor to draw off Russian fore ?3 frem Poland and Galicia. The Musco vites, however, have a large and sow ing reserve which they claim is aalte capable of attending to the Turk s'a factor without depleting the arajle3 now In the field. " These latter, apparently are .maklnar steady progress towards the " en trenched positions on the river . War the in Russian Poland, where the Ger mans undoubtedly will ' make another attempt to rend their enemy. The Russian re-occupation of Czemowlu in Bukowina, la considered important as this town Is a railroad Junction and Its possession frees another rail road line to Lodz which again Is in possession of Russian troops. Rumors are again current in London today that Hungary, weary of war in .which she haa nothing to gain, would welcome a chance to quit. It (CoKti&ued on Page Tum.) Vessels Used cis Hospital Ship Is Wrecked off Coast UY. ASSOCIATED PRESS. London, Oct. 30. Slgnais of distress have been sent up since last night off Whitby, on the Yorkshire coast,' from a steamship believed to. be the Do hilla, a British vessel of 7,000 tom, being used as a hospital ship. The gale blowing, however, has caused such heavy seas that the launching of life boats has been impossible. Early this morning four dead men were found among some wreckage thrown tip on the coast. Evidently they tried to swim ashore. Among the wreckage also was a plank ,n which appeared the nams. "Rohllla of Glasgow."- One of, the seamen, st'.H is living. Tremendous seas are break ing over the vessel and the members of the crew can be seen in the rigging. The Rohilla was bound from Queens ferry to Belgium to bring back wound ed from France. She ran -on the rocks half a mile south of Whitby, seventeen miles northwest of Scarborough at 4 o'clock this morning in a-violent south east gale and storm. vThe vessel car ries four nurses and , several doctors and full hospital equipment. ' . -i All the women were saved. ; Every tone, of the boats 'except the last on launched : was . smashed by the seas and waahed ashore.. The re maining boat was swamped near shore and the people In it waded to ; safety. Lifeboats with ' extreme difficulty brought; ashore two loads fof the ves sel's passengers .after. . widen further attempts at rescue with the- boats were abandoned. With 68 persons still clinging Jo the vessel which "iad her after end 'broken nearly off, hopes are entertained for rescuing these. Ef forts are being made to get assistance from other ports. . : TIME EXTENDED ON MEXICAN LOAN ' BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Moti ntv. Oct. 30. The treasury department announces ; that - the , New York banks holding the papers ave of time on the $1,000,000 Interest'due on i the bonded indebtedness of the National Railway. The government purposes to raise the naMMirv TllT-.fi bv askinxr the foreign mining companies to deliver $1,000,000 bullion in exchange for Mexican psp-r money at the rate of $4.70 paper to $1 gold. The offer of the miners, to supply the . government with $250,000 has not been accepted. - It is announced here that the rail way w5Il be formally delivered to the stockholders by the Mexican govern ment next - week, - Americans Lose Some Property in ack on Odessa BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington, Oct. 30. Acting Sec retary Lansing today y announced re ceipt of a telegram from the American charge d'affaires at Petrograd saying Odessa has been bombarded and some American property destroyed. The dispatch from Charge Wilsju transmitted a message from the Amor lean .consul at Odessa, who said he would send a fuller report later, on the extent . of American property dam aged. He did not say by whom the bombardment was done, but it is pre sumed here that it was by Turkish ships. ' Charge Wilson's dispatch, was dated "Petrograd, October 23th, 7 p. m." and spoke of the bombardment as having taken, place, ,Vlast' night," evi dently meaning Wednesdayv '.' Secretary. Lansing. at once called oa the, American embassy at Petrograd to . report the exact . natre of the dan -age to American property. If the usual 24 iojirs'-. notice of bombardment was not given, Americans wilr have a just claim for damage to all property which could "have been removed. Destruction of hopses or buildings owned-by for eigners, however, are not regarded as the subject of -claims being classed as Incidents of .war to which, aliens sub ject themselves in buying property in a: foreign country. ' The subject of claims resulting- froni bombardment has been a much dis cussed subject in American, internn tional law and Mr. Lansing declined to; comment on' the 'merits of the question. RUSSIAN EMBASSY AT WASHINGTON ADVISED ; Washington, ; Oct. 30. The Russian embassy here -today received worn from - its foreign office at Petrograd that Turkey had taken warlike action toward Russia. The dispatch did not give any details, .nor did 4 it stata whether the action was on. land or sea." BIG FRENCH STEAMER IS REPORTED ASHORE Turkey's Attack On Russia Will Bring Many Other European ' Powers Into The . Great Conflict. , BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington, Qct. 30.- Turkey's at tack on Itussii, reports of which were confirmed iu, official dispatches to the American government and Russian embassy, is -viewed, by officials and L diplomats gtenerally here today as likely to produce the gravest complications throughout the Balkans, Northern Af rica and Asia Minor. An announce ment of a s'ate of war between Rus sia and Turkey is expected eventually to bring Greece, Italy. Roumania and Bulgaria into the conflict. Complications in Albania, where Greece has sent troops to occupy Epl- rls, supposedly , Incurring Italy's dis j pleasure is believed to alter somewhat (the alignment which would have re sulted a month ago from Turkey's en trance into, the war. The feeling for months was that Italy would side with the entente if Turkey declared war. on Russia. Itafy to remain neutral, must eventually reach an understanding with the triple entente concerning the partition of Albania or the Greek ac tivities in that country. f Roumania has Indicated she will ally herself with Italy in whatever course the latter takes. Bulgaria it is ; un derstood is friendly with Turkey and Austria, though recent , reports have spoken of the wavering attitude of the government on account of popular demonstrations in behalf of the en BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Knoxville, Tena, Oct. 30. That the remarkable advance shown in South ern cities in the past few years is a revelation to visitors was the state ment of President John H. Fahey, of the United States chamber of com merce In Knoxville Friday. He, wltn other officials and directors of the organization spent the morning here, this city being the last on their South ern itinerary. The impression has prevailed in some sections of the country, said Mr. Fa hey that the South ls completely up set and well nigh panic-stricken over cotton conditions. This impression re sulted from 'much loose" talk he as serted, declaring that he and his com panions have not found the slightest evidence of such a condition. "We have yet to find a city," Mr. Fahey said, "where the banks and business men are not co-operating to the fullest extent in taking care of the present cotton situation." French Loan May Be Beginnings O j Export B u s in es s niifii n oi! ftbULft Hi nnneoiifiin Can Continue Rates Involv ing Violation of Long and Short Haul Provision MANY SOUTHERN CITIES ARE NAMED - ' "" - '' I I ! II I I H I ..I.I. II pil. . I I I ! I .. 1 I . 1 1 , ,,, . 1PT Fariv.Thr .F.nthvh Snilnr Tr,tr1 m Grni, 1 1 nFfilSlfl! BS OTIM mm mm mm, 1 1 - - - II (PM1 ' -vi - - AFFECTIHB PECJS 1 IfHV H l X rtl . -n reuo,,. S. - . I , v t ,w ifttmmil I E 1 II H is 1,1 1. 1 f J la IMF I ria Mill ' H SM llJi (Sf ' Most Remarkable MX 'gflhm. (tS: Southern C.ttes -" ' ..jjfc""" ,r"' " 1 -' " ' 1W li. I I I ,. , . TOtoV,,,,!..,, - i - -i ...:.'mp'.S:.4Jr ' mmmmmmmimmmmmmmmmmimmmmmmmmmmmimmmmm BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. New York, Oct. 30. The $10,000,000 loan made by a group of New York bankers to the government of France, to be used by France as a checking account against the purchase of sup plies in this country, has opened the way In the opinion of New York bank ers for Germany and Austria to ne gotiate similar loans here with a view to having them made available to pay for shipments of cotton and other sup plies from the United States. There were Indications today that agents cf the German government were in touch with Wall Ptreet bankers and that overtures had been made looking to- ; con, Mllledgevllle, Hawklnsviile. Dub ward a loan to Germany. As to the j Hn and Columbus, Ga, MemphlN. amount of this loan, and that desired i Tenn., and JCufaula. Montgomery, by Austria, reports varied. j Sclma, Demopolia and Tuscaloosa, It was believed in addition, that j Ala.; from New Orleans to Augustaj England and Russia might pursue a , from Cincinnati and Louisville to Au slmilar course. The $10,000,000 Ijan 1 gusta, Macon, and Columbus, Ga.; to France ls to be distributed among , from Now York city to Rome, Gju. a number of banks both In and out ! Birmingham, Ala, and Meridian and Long- Haul Rates Can Be Continued From New York, St. Louis and Chi cogo to Pensacola, Ac cording to New Orders Issued by Commissioners Application is Denied in Some Instances. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington. Oct. 30. Freight rate throughout what is known as "South eastern territory" that part of the country east of the Mississippi and South of the Potomac and Ohio rivers were affected by a decision an nounced today y the Interstate com merce commission. In a decision, fcupplemcntal to that announced ev eral months ago, concerning applica tions of carriers for relief from the operation of the long-and-short-haul provision lo the class and commodity rates from all sections of the nouth to destinations in the Bouth Atlantic and gulf states, the cairiers In most In stances weie authorized, under speci fied restrictions, to continue existing cla-ss and commodity rates, which mainly are .. .higher . to intermedin tn points than to mora distant point'). - In jsrelfl order, which are he'! -"l about fey definite restriction! and in some instances by exceptions, tho railways are permitted to continue present class and commodity rut."-, which involv violations of the Ion and short haul provision, from Nw York to Charleston, S. C; Kavannah and Brunswick, Ga., Jacksonville und Pensacola, Fla., New Orleans, L.O., and Mobile, Ala.; from New Orleans to Charleston. Savannah, Brunswick, Tampa and Jacksonville; from Louis ville and Cincinnati to Charleston and Fort Royal, S. C, Savannah, Bruns wick, and Jacksonville; from Cincin nati, Louisville, Cairo, 111., SL Loula and Chicago to New Orleans, Mobile, Pensacola, Tampa and Gulfport, MIhs.; from New York city to Augusta, Ma- Oct. 30. XJoyd's signal station at St. Catharine point reports that another French steamer, the Ad miral Rigault de Genouilly, bound from Barry for Havre, la ashore off Cape Barfleur. seventeen mue east or Cherbourg and needs assistance, nw liner Za Bavoie has-gon to belp .ir. MEASURMENTS OF THE MOON AND MARS BY ? ASSOCIATED PRESS. Flagstaff, Ariz., Oct.' 80. The re sults of measurements by Prof. F. W. Very, of Spectagrams of Mars and the Moon, obtained by Dr. V. M. Slipner. at the Lowell observatory on the nlnt of February 6 1913 have Just been pub lished. They . -entirely - confirm Dr. Sliphers previous spectroscopic pruof In 1908 of water vapor of oxygen in the Martin atmosphere. Of the advantages under which the fresh determination was made Prof. Very says: "First Both Mars . and the Moon were at higher altitudes and the path of the rays through the air was short ened while - the exposures . were so nearly simultaneous that there can !o no doubt of the , absence : of sensible atmospheric change in the short inter val between successive exposures. "Second Added to this a new stain has been reported by Dr. Slipher which extends the sensitiveness of the photographic plate in the red to a lit tle greater distance on the side of the long wave lengths and gives a better impression of the water vapor band." of New York, according to announce ment made today at the National City bank. No gold will be shipped abroad, but the entire amount will Be used in paying for American products to be shipped to France. In connection with the French lotn. it was reported that German mercan tile and industrial Interests had built up huge credits in this country during the past month. Estimates placed the amount of these balances at between $50,000 000 and $75,000 000. These credits have already been re duced through purchases here of food stuffs and general merchandise includ ing considerable wearing apparel. It Is known also that ieavy shipments of canned meats and similar provis ions have been made for these German interests which are expected to con tinue their purchase for an indefinite period. Great Britain's assurances of non interference in the shipment of cot ton to foreign ports in neutral bottoms has also stimulated to an unusual de gree the German and Austrian demand here for cotton. NO PUBLIC OFFERING OF NOTES WILL BE MADE New York, Oct. 30. The loan of h$10 000.000 arranged by the Krencn government with the National tuy bank and other New York banking In stitutions, it was learned today. Is to be used in the purchase of war sup plies in thlscountry. There will be no public offering of the notes, all r.f which will be retained by the bankers making the loan. The baH of the loan is reported to beabout 61-2 jer nt interest. FOUR THOUSAND BALES OF COTTON DESTROYED Jackson, Miss.; and from Nw Or leans to Birmingham. The commission denied the applica tion of the earners to continue lower rates to the more distant points than to Intermediate destinations on both class and commodity shipments from New York city to Albany, Ga.; from New Orleans to Montgomery and Sel ma, Ala ind Macoi ' ml Albany, Ga.; from Loul&ville to Albany, nooga, Tenn.; from I Atlanta, Athens and Norfolk and South A from New York city Jackson, Miss., via 1 Mobile; from New O; Athens, Cordele, and from Cincinnati and lanta, Athens, Rome j Birmingham, Ala., a Jackson, Miss.; and Louis and Chicago j Jackson, Miss. In several Instance mg a longer mJlMe cuitous route from origin tc given d.-atl, permlfcfion to charir as are concurrently effecliv to same destinations 'by direct lines. The oruers of t'ie ommlpfclon v.-lll become effective on April 1, 1915. Moultrie, Ga., Oct. 20. Four thou sand bales of cotton stored here In the warehouse of J. W. Coleman and Bro., were dstroyed by fire of undetermined origin today. The loss including a quantity of farm machinery, and grain is estimated at from $150,000 to $200, 000, More than one-half of this loss is covered by Insurance. DIRECTOR OF MINT HAS QUIT HIS JOB BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington, Oct. 30. George I'. Roberts of Fort Dodge, la., director of the mint has resigned. It was -in-nounced.at the treasury department today that the resignation would V effective when accepted by President Wilson. Mr. Roberts probably will return to the banking business which he left u 1910 to become director of the mint for the second time. Ilia firht servio in that office was from 1S9S to 19C7. Mr. Roberts was consulted frequently by the democratic administration when the new currency law was bun framed. He is a republican, but It was stated at the treasury his resig nation was entirely voluntary anil would be accepted with regret.