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THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL, MONDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 30, 1914.
2. People and Events By CEUA MYROVER ROBINSON. t PHONE 38 THE TRIAL OF SUSAN B. ANTHONY. Th following: account of the trial of Susan B. Anthony, for, as it was at the time charged, "for knowingly voting without having lawful right to vote was sent to The Journal by Hon. K. Pope Reese, and will be read with interest by Jotfrnal readers, whether tor or against Equal Suffrage, as it is one of the most famous trials of legal history: At the national election which took place in November, 3872, Susan B. An thony offered her vote to the inspec tors of election, insisting that she had a right to vote a right secured to her as " a, citizen . of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. The vote was received and deposited in the ballot box. Later Miss Anthony was indicted for the offense of "knowingly voting without havins a lawful right to vote," the in dictment being based on the nine teenth section of the Act of Congress of May 30, 1ST0. The trial took place at Canadaigua before the United States circuit court for the Northern district of New York in June, 1873. The defense of Miss Anthony was: First, that she was legally entitled to vote; second, that if she were not so titled but voted in good faith in the belief that it was her right, she was guilty of no crime; third, that she iid vote in such good faith and with Mich belief. At the conclusion of the evidence and the arguments of cc-un-the court instructed the jury to render a verdict of guilty and refused tu submit, at the request of defendant's i-ounsel, any question to the jury and refused to allow the clerk to ask the jurors whether she assented to the. verdict which the court had directed to be entered. The clerk entered the verdict of guilty as directed by the court. The court then asked the pris oner if she had anything to say why sentence should not be pronounced. The response of Miss Anthony, who was repeatedly interrupted by the court, constitutes a very interesting chapter of forensic literature. The Colloquy. Judge Hunt (ordering the defendant to stand up): Has the prisoner any thing to say why the sentence should not be pronounced? Miss Anthony Yes, Your Honor, t have many things to say; for in your ordered verdict of guilty, you have 1 trampled under foot every vital prin ciple of our government. My natural rights, my civil rights, my political rights, my judicial rights, are all alike ignored. Robbed of the fundamental privilege of citizenship, I am degraded from tn,e status cf a citizen to that of a subject; and not only myself In dividually, but all of my sex are, by xour Honors verdict, doomed to po litical subjection under this so-called form of government. Judge Hunt The court cannot Us ten to a rehearsal of arguments the prisoner's counsel has already con sumed three hours In nrspntln? Miss Anthony May it please Your Honor. I am not arguing the question, but simply stating the reasons why sentence cannot, in justice, be pro nounced against me. Your dental of my citizen's right to vote Is the denial of my right of consent as one of the governed, the denial of my right of representation as one of the taxed, the denial of my right to a trial by a jury of my peers as an offender against the law; therefore, the de nial of my sacred rights to life, lib erty, property, and Judge Hunt The court cannot al low the prisoner to go on. Miss Anthony "But Your Honor will not deny me this one and only poor privilege of protest against this high handed outrage upon my citizen's rights. May it please the court to remember that since the day of my arrest last November, this is the first time that either myself or any person of my disfranchised class has been allowed a word of defense before judge or jury Judge Hunt The prisoner must sit down the court cannot allow it. Miss Anthony All of my prosecu tors, from the Eighth Ward corner grocery politician, who entered the complaint, to the United States mar- CUT FLOWERS IFOR ALL OCCASIONS. PALMS, POT PLANTS and BULBS. PHONE 1800. shal, commissioner, district attorney, district judge. Your Honor on the bench, not one is my peer, but each and all are my political sovereigns; and had your Honor submitted my case to the jury, as was clearly your duty, even then I should have had just cause of protest, for not one of those men was my peer; but, native or for eign born, white or black, rich or poor, educated or ignorant, awake f r asleep, sober or drunk, each and every man of them was my political superior; hence, in no sense, my peer. Even, under such circumstances, a common er of England, tried before a jury of lords, would have far less cause to complain than should I, a woman, tried before a jury of men. Even my coun sel, the Honorable Henry R. Selden, 'who has argued my cause so ably, so earnestly, so unanswerably before Your Honor, is my political sovereign. Precisely as no disfranchised person is entitled to sit upon a jury, and no wonyin Is entitled to the fi-anchise, so none but a regularly admitted law yer is allowed to practice in the courts, and no woman can gain admission to the bar; hence, jury, Judge, counsel, must all be of the superior class. Judge Hunt The court must in sist the prisoner has been tried ac cording, to the established forms of law. j Miss Anthony Yes, Your Honor, but by forms of law all made by men, In terpreted by men, administered by men, in favor of men, and against women; and hence Your Honor's or dered verdict of guilty against a United States citizen for the exercise of "that citizen's right to vote," sim ply because that citizen was a wo man and not a man. But yesterday the same man-made forms of law de clared it a crime punishable with a thousand dollar fine and six months' imprisonment for you, or me, or any of us to give a cup of cold water, a crust of bread, or a night's shelter to a panting fugitive as he was tracking his way to Canada. And every man or woman in whose veins coursed a drop of human sympathy violated that wicked law, reckless of consequences, and was justified in so doing. As then the slaves who got their freedom had to take it over, or under, or through the unjust forms of law, precisely so now must women, to get their right to a voice in this government, take it and I have taken mine, and mean to take it at every possible opportunity. Judge Hunt The court orders the prisoner to sit down. The court will not allow another word. Miss Anthony When I was brought before Your Honor for trial, I hoped for a broad and liberal interpreta tion of the constitution and its re cent amendments, that should declare all United States citizens under its protecting aegis--lhat should declare equality of rights the national guar antee to all persons born or naturalized in the United States. But failing to get this justice failing, even, to get a trial by a jury not of my peers I ask not leniency at your hands, but rather the full rights of the law. Judge Hunt The court must insist (Here the prisoner sat 6wn.) Judge Hunt The prisoner will stand up (Here Miss Anthony arose.) The sentence of the court Is that you pay a fine of one hundred dollars and the costs of the prosecution. Miss Anthony May it please Your Honor, I shall never pay a dollar of your unjust penalty. All the stock in trade I possess is a ten thousand dollar debt. Incurred by publishing my paper The Revolution four years ago, the sole object of which was to educate all women to do precisely as I have done rebel against your man made, unjust, unconstitutional forms of law that tax, fine, Imprison, and hang women, while they deny them the right of representation in the gov ernment; and I shall work on with might and main to pay every dollar of that honest debt, but not a penny shall go to this unjust claim. And I shall earnestly and persistently con tinue to urge all women to the prac tical recognition of the old revolution ary maxim, that, "Resistance to ty ranny is obedience to God." AMY OFFICER RELATES BATTLE GERMAN CAPTAIN GIVES A DE SCRIPTION OF A FIGHT ON THE EAST PRUSSIAN FRONTIER. NELLIE M. BOYSEN, 32 SOUTH PA LA FOX STREET. TO ATTEND THE FUNERAL OF CAPT. WELLES. Miss Elizabeth Am merman of Mo line, 111., and Mies Jennie Northup of New Orleans, were among the out-of-town people who came to attend the funeral of Capt. T. E. Welles. Eat Stone's Wrapped Six Varieties Every ' one delicious, pure and wholesome. 10c each (; GARNIERS. im ih Pur rood Store Phones, 1720-1721. ft. PZ3 - Garniers, Nov. 29. Mr. and E. R. McKee returned home from Pensacola lWednesday. They had been absent since Sunday. Mr. P. X. Hand returned from Pen sacola last Sunday, where he had been for several days on business. The Idell and other boats in this neighborhood are engaged in hauling ties at present. So many trees died during the summer that a large force of men have been engaged for some time cutting and hauling ties to the bayou. Mr. 15. F. Weekley has moved his family into the Mrs. Ldttlefield house on Nigger bayou. Mrs. "W. N. Hartgrove spent the day "Wednesday calling on Mrs. "W. R. Brown and Mrs. Hallinger. The teacher and pupils of Garniers school enjoyed a holiday Thursday, it being Thanksgiving day. Mr. S. M. Johnson has been on the sick list for several days. Word has come that' Mr. and Mrs. Thompson, formerly of Garniers, lost a little child this week. The sym pathy cf this neighborhood is extend ed to them. The recent freeze did much damage to the gardens and other growing vegetation. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Berlin, Nov. 29. Newspaper corre spondents, as is well-known, have seen almost nothing of the .actual fighting in4his war, but on the Ger man side, there is now one account of a battle written by one of the men who watched it from the head quarters of the commanding general himself. This was a recent engage ment fought on the East Prussian frontier in Russia, and it was de scribed by Captain Schickert, the war correspondent of the Berlin Lokal An zeiger. What he saw from the ob servation post of General Von Morgen is thus reported: "The battlefield was spread out be fore us like a panorama. A slightly rolling plain stretched away toward forests on the horizon. We could clearly see the movements of the in fantry in a depression to our right. Making good use of the covering at hand, a battalion was moving forward to reinforce its riflemen, whose thin battle line was only just visible through our field glasses. It advanced in closed formation at double-quick across the back of the ridge. How important this movement was just at this moment was shown by the burst ing of Russian shrapnel over that ridge, but some time after our men had crossed it. 'Just like on drill, said his excelency with a smile. "But the Russian artillery needs to be closely watched. A call from the Y. Regiment,' was announced from the telephone. The commander asks for artillery support as the Russian en trenchments have proved too strong to be taken by infantry.' From a booth in another shelter pit, where the com mander of the division to which the regiment belonged had taken his posi tion, we heard Captain Oesterelch give the telephone order to change the aim. Then he rushd to the nearest field telescope to watch the bursting point of the first shot fired at the new point. After that he sprang back into the pit and shouted: 'Twenty shorter.' With rapt attention we watched with our glasses the further developments and saw how the shrapnel explosions moved closer and closer to the south ern edge of the village, almost obscur ing it with their smoke. His excel lency looked at his watch. 'Just eleven he remarked, 'almost lunch time.' We saw the ring of German 'riflemen drawing up closer and closer around the village. "A good quarter of an hour later a Voice shouted from the telephone pit: The commander of the regiment asks to have the artillery fire on W. Stop ped, as he wants to take it by storm. Captain Oesterelch gave the corre sponding order. We had already seen sheafs of flame rising from W. An other quarter of an hour and the tele phone rang again. 'The regiment has taken W.' 'Brave regiment!' murmured hia excellency to himself. 'Now, gen eral, strike In further to the right," he said, turning to the next protected pit. 'Battery open fire,' ordered the general, and Capt. Oestereich repeat ed it through the telephone. "When the fire of the battery upon the new target was well under way, its commander turned to one of the newspaper men and remarked: We have been In this position for nearly two weeks and, so far jb the circum stances permitted, we have fixed our selves in a home-Mke way.' To Cure a Cold In One Day. Take LAXATIVE BROMO QUININR Tablets. Druggists refund money if It fails to cure. E. W. GROVE'S iignaturo is on each box. 25c. (adv) PERILS OF PAULINE at the BONITA TOMORROW. EXTRA PENALTY IF I'M TAX IS IT PAID TODAY ALL BUSINESS COMING UNDER THE NEW MEASURE MUST SE CURE LICENSE OR PAY 59 PER CENT AS PENALTY. Great Tribute Is Paid to Memory Capt. T. E. Welles (Continued Jrom Page One.) paying tribute to the life and memory of Capt. Welles. AN EXCEPTIONAL CHARACTER. A man of singular and striking char acteristlca was the "captain," the "big man," the "old man," or "Cap. Welles," the various terms by which he was familiarly and affectionately known among his friends. A man of wealth himself, whose business dealings were largely with other men of wealth, It was a notable fact that his closest friends, and those with whom he most loved to associate, were men of the humbler stations of life, so far at least as material things are concerned. An incident may serve to illustrate his hold upon these men. As was well known, Capt. Welles loved to hunt, to train his dogs, to drive his horses, and he always had company upon his hunting trips, and in the events of the racing circuit. It was a notable fact as well that he seldom invited a rich man to share as his guest these sports of track and field. Asked one day why he seldom invited his wealthy business friends to accompany him, he replied: "Why should I? These men have the means themselves for enjoying life. There are other just as good men who have no such means of their own. I like their company, and I prefer to enjoy with those men the things that both of us like and which I can afford, but which they have not the money to enjoy by themselves." This remark was so characteristic of Capt. T. E. Welles that it perhaps explains in part the great tribute which the people of his adopted city paid him yesterday when his mortal re mains w:ere consigned to the grave. HnHBaManNMMnB'Mia!r33E$SMBSM'ln'l'MiSJSffSE$55'l'B'BBall'aHIBH lot. I Therell Come a Time when constant leaning- on coffee is bound to result for most people in shattered nerves, heart nutter, bilious ness, headache, or some other of. the well known coffee ills. It' the drug, "caffelwiT" In coffee about V g grains to the cup that causes the trouble If coffee disagrees, try PO 'UM the pure food-drink free from the drugs, caffeine and tannin, or any other harmful substance. Nothing but the goodness of choice wheat, roasted, with a bit of wholesome molasses, enters into Postum. A beverage of delightful taste an h aroma, used with benefit by young and old. "There's a Reason" Postum comes in two forms. Regular Postum, which has to be boiled 15c and 25c pkgs. Instant Postum soluble made in the cup, instantly 30c and 50c tins. Cost per cup is about the same for both kinds. , Grocers Everywhere Sell POSTUM. At midnight tonight, all men, in dividuals, firms and corporations li able for the special revenue tax being collected by the commissioner of in ternal revenue, under the act of Oc tober 22, 1914, who have not made their returns, and paid as required by the act, will be In the class of those to whom is added a 50 per cent pen alty for failure, or neglect or forget- fulneas, or because of any other ex cuse they may offer. The United States government is never the plaintiff in a suit to compel payment of license tax. The govern ment just seizes and sells property covered by the tax, and then if the party is dissatisfied he may bring the suit for redress and the burden of proof is on him. In the meantime, Uncle Sam has got his money, and he generally manages to hold It. Positively the adhesive stamp tax must be paid before midnight Monday, November 30, by all the following: Brokers of all kinds, proprietors of all theaters, museums, concert halls, cir cuses, and all places of amusement not otherwise named in the act, proprie tors of bowling alleys and billiard rooms, commission merchants, dealers in manufactured tobacco in any and all shapes, and dealers in tobacco leaf. Collector Making Preparations. The office of the collector at Jack sonville will remain open untfl mid night for the receipt of returns, and the mail will be taken from the post office at midnight so that all who de posited returns in time for reaching the office by midnight may be counted in with those who have paid. Many other taxes, beside the adhe sive stamps required of the above, will become due and payable after mid night of that day, as for instance, a one-cent stamp on all tickets sold for passage to a foreign country, and a stamp on all telephone messages cost ing a certain amount and over, and a stamp on all papers offered for record to a clerk of court, except mortgages and other securities for debt. Chewing Gum Tax. The chewing gum tax begins Tues day, and the ruling of the commis sioner is that the gum must be sold from its original stamped container, and not transferred to some orna mental jar or vessel for display and sale. Collector L,ewls said that yesterday was a busy day in his office for hun dreds poured in to square themselves with the government, and he wishes every man due a tax to pay by Mon day, midnight, as he does not want to he compelled to penalize any one in his district. He notifies all, however, that he has absolutely no option in the matter, and will follow the re quirements of the act to the letter. FRONT YARD IS A GOOD DEX ITS APPEARANCE GENERALLY DENOTES THE KIND OF PEO PLE LIVING IN A HOUSE. The Florida Board of Health has issued the following: The front yard is a pretty good in dex of the kind of people that live in the house. It's a fairly accurate proph ecy of the conditions you are going to find in the yard behind the house, and a clean back yard usually means good sanitary conditions through the entire establishment. Good looks count. First im.pres sions are hard to get away from. Florida, in proportion to its popu lation, probably has more visitors the year through, than any other state in the Union. A good many of these visitors every year are making their first trip to this? part of the South land, and how many of them are not disappointed by their first glimpses? A very large share of the railroad stations in Florida, In the big cities and the little ones alike, are about the most uninviting spots In town. Broken boxes and barrels, pieces of lumber, bits of orange peel or sugar cane and a thousand other varieties of more or less disgusting refuse, are scattered about, and the place looks like a well. It is not what it should be. These railroad stations are the front yards to our cities and they should be made attractive. They reflect credit or blame on the people who live there. Of course, the railroad companies are responsible for these conditions, but it's a long way from some little station to the general manager's office somewhere far away, and he Isn't verv much concerned how the station and yard at Podunk are kept. The sta tion agent is supposed to keep things neat and clean. This agent's ideas of what is clean and neat may not bp very highly developed and they mar jiccu nuiiiuiauus uy me people of the town who have some glimmering re mainder of local pride and some con ception of the value of first impres sions, to say nothing of low health and death rates. Some cities In Florida, a few of them, have energetic women, who have extended their efforts for neat ness beyond . their own home into public places. It's a pity more Florida towns haven't organizations of ener getic women with these inclinations. Some of these cities have an annual spasm, which they call "Clean-up uur luy wuuu iiivncy the Children Today ! The finest and most varied assortment of Toys ever brought south will delight and entertain them on their visit. For weeks past children with" quick ears may h.iv heard the rumble and scramble and hurry and scum of animals, dolls, soldiers, sailors and all manner o; Toys as they've come rolling and tumbling info on Toy department, and taken their places here for dis play. There is an astonishing variety the electric train racing around its tracks, the motor boats in the lr docks, the soldiers and salors in battle array indeed all the progress in toy-making has brought forth to: the season. We call attention especially to our Mechanical Toy for children. They are built for a purpose to cnlti vate talent the boy shows. These toys are bein ap plauded by the societies seeking to promote uscfu giving. In order to make a visit to our store interesting and pleasant for grown-ups as well as children, and k encourage all to attend the opening of our holiday Mis plays, we offer a number of wonderful special value in Enamelware, Fancy China, Carving Sets, Cut fil is and Crockerv. Etra Special Entire Sp Fine, large dressed dolls, $1.25 and $1.50 values, special Monday, andWed-y)Q nesday . . 100 Alarm Clocks, regular 7 5 -cent values, special, on sale, while they "I last. J I at Come Today and bring all the children Pensacola ckery Co Ike Hirschman, Manager. 21-23 EAST GARDEN STREEX Day." They line up the school chil dren and show them what to do, and the town Is hardly recognizable for three or four days or a week. But it has a quick relapse and does not recover until another spasm strikes some one a year later and the at tack spreads. Why not clean up and stay clean? Nearly every town in Florida would get used to it the town philosophers who ornament the grocery front would com to appreciate it and brag about it and the result would be a boost, an advertisement. It would be so un usual in Florida that tho reputation would spread far and fast. But civic pride should not be con fined to appearances. Without neg lecting them, it should extend to the healthfulness of the town. Good san itation is about the firBt step toward securing: general healthfulness, and In manyplaces the local health author ities are Inactive. The lack of an abundant supply of good water is the fault of man In almpet every part of Florida, Nature has done her part. Man has neglected his, and either mere negligence or criminal careless ness and indiffeffrence have destroyed the chances for even normally good conditions. FOR SALE CHEAP! Cypress Pickets, 6 feet Long Phone your order today. PENSACOLA MFG. CO. Phone 637, Foot Alcaniz .Street Hours When the Sun Does Not Shine Get th light you nee1 ': Ing the Type "C" Law These lamp glrt fror- to fx times as much l' the old style cajbon lam; ? ont using any more ! A.nd not only do fh'-' money, but they also light which for color r,'. liancy can be compaH ' bet quality of dayllg: f. Iitt us show you (h Lamps. 1 rtC hi - Pensacola Electric Co. New Business Dept. Phones 2010 and 201 I T