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The Pensacola journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, April 24, 1916, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87062268/1916-04-24/ed-1/seq-1/

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PENS ACOL A WEATHER
PENSACOLA
The Ideal Summer Resort
BATHING, BOATING, FISHTNQ
Fair Monday and Tues
day, light variable winds.
Highest, 77 degree J
lowest, 61 degrees. ,.,
VOL. XIX. NO. 115.
PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, MONDAY MORNING, APRIL 24, 1916.
PRICE, 5 CENTS.
IKES!
RAILROADS AS WELL AS BATTLESHIPS TO
CARRY CO A STG UNS, UNITED S TA TES SCHEME!
INGENIOUS PLAN BEING WORKED OUT BY WAR EXPERTS PROVIDES FOR GOVERNMENT TO BUILD TRACKS AND CONCRETE
BASES. SO HIGHPOWER GUNS 5? AY BE TRANSPORTER TO STRATEGIC POINTS.
1
3
1
10 1ILL
Ml GO
iRJUSEB REflDYU
I
CLUB
WITH A REPLY M
ING
u
TOU.SJOTE
Von Bethmann-Hollweg Re
turns From Lengthy
Conference.
GERMANY TO FOLLOW
DEMANDS OF WISDOM
So Declares a Well Informed
German Paper Comment
ing on Note.
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
BerHn, April 28. Imperial Chan
cellor yon Bethmann-IIollweg, return
f ed to Berlin this afternoon from
J grand headquarters, which would ap
pear to justify the assumption that
Germany's leaders hare decided on
Germany's reply to the American
note.
While there Is no Intimation of
what the reply is, or when it will
be sent, there seems much signifi
cance In the fact that the Local An
zierer. which usuallv la well Inform
ed, says that "Germany's strength
and prestige have so increased in the
last twenty months in the eyes of
the whole world that Germany has
only to follow the demands of wis
dom. GoldMining Plant
May Be Ordered
By Dutch Shortly
VT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
TLs Hague, Netherlands, April 22.
A t!gf order for gold mining plant
A is. likely, to he. placed, in America
I shortly by the Dutch government.
This plant is required for the impor
tant gold mining enterprise that has
just been undertaken In the province
of Benkoelen, on the Island of Suma
tra. If this state exploitation scheme
proves successful of which there ap
pears to be every prospect it should
bring large sums into the coffers of
the heavily burdened treasury of the
colony, and, help to pay for the big
naval and military reinforcements
that are declared to be a necessity
of the near future. Gold-bearing ore
has been proved to a value of $8,000,
000, and experts report that there is
, probably another $32,000,000 worth
of gold in the fields. .
More Than One
ThousandDrown
After Collision
BT ASSOCIATED RESS.
Shanghai, April 23 More than
one thousand soldiers and men of the
crew of the steamer Hsni 2fu were
lost when that vessel sanR after a
collision Saturday night with a Chi
nese cruiser south, of the Chusan is
lands. The steamer was transporting
troops to Foo Chow. Only thirty
were saved.
4 . -
RUSSIAN TROOPS IN
FRANCE ON MOVE
Lyons. France. April 23. The
Kfassian troops which arrived at Marj
semes inursuay ior service wrai tne
French on the western front, passed
through here today on their wav
northward. They were given an en
thusiastic welcome all along their
-route.
PROHIBITION
WHEN THE
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Petrograd, April 23. A bill has
been introduced into the duma to put
into effect the government's promise
1 that the war prohibition of alcoholic
k drinks shall continue in force after
the war. The bill, as summarized by
the "Novoe Vremya," provides:
"It is forbidden to produce alcohol
for the purpose of manufacture, of
vodka. Equally prohibited is the im
port of alcohol from foreign coua
tries and from the Grand Duchy of
Finland. The production of alcohol
fey private institutions and persons
either for sale or for their own con
sumption, or for household purposes,
is also prohibited.
"The production of alcohol for tech
III THERE
Carranza Must Crush Ban
dits Before They Are
Withdrawn.
RE-DISPOSITION TO
BE MADE OF FORCES
Bases WiH Be Established at
Points a Little Further
North. '
BT ASsrr?iATur- tmht.ss
Washington, April 23. It was stat
ed on high authority here today that
no recommendation for the withdraw
al of American forces from Mexico
had come from General Scott, chief of
staff, who has been conferring with
General Funston at San Antonio, or
from any other officer of the army on
the border, and that there is no in
tention on the part of the government
to withdraw them at t resent.
Secretary Baker, after a conference
today with President Wilson and Gen
eral Bliss, the acting chief of staff,
announced that General Funston has
recommended a redisnosition of the
forces in Mexico for the purpose of
recuperation and nencinsr an otmor
tunity for further co-operation of the
carranza forces. Baker said the rec
ommendation was approved and its
execution left to the discretion of
Funston. In makine the announce
ment Baker did not explain the re-
disposition.
Later, however, Baker said the
statement regarding the re-disposition
of troops had nothing to do with
tne suDject of when they will be with
drawn, as that is a scatter for the
state' department to decide. From
Washington officials, however, there
was a plain intimation that, threill
be status quo beyond th . border until
carranza has demonstrated his abil
ity to crush the Villa bandits and rr.
vent repetitions of the Columbus raid.
It IS Understood tf e Amen'ran
forces will be concentrated at various'
points strong enough to withstand
any possible attack from irresponsi
ble Carranza or bandit elements, and
protect the border by virtually polic
ing the country south of the border,
pending a decision whether they will
be withdrawn. Baker stated that -nn
more troops will be ordered to the
border and there is no intention of
ordering them.
It Is understood Carr
told the American troops will form a
wail against which he can drive the
bandits from the south, and that v
must do business or crush the ban
dits himself before the withdrawal of
the American forces will be arranged.
It is possible, however, that to avoid
a repetition of the PaiTal incident
the American bases will b established
somewhat north of the nrnt ad
vanced positions.
It is announced that. Ronnni cf
has completed his conference and will
return here la a few days. There is
a suggestion that General Obregon,
Carranza's war minister, will be ask
ed to come to the border for a con
ference. GERARD SOON TO KNOW
WHAT REPLY CONTAINS
Washington, April 23.-Germany's
reply to the American note, demand
ing Immediate abandonment of the
illegal and inhumane
fare, probably will reach President
Wilson by Saturday,
vv uson by baturday. Meantime it is
possible that within forty-eight hours
Ambassador GeTard at Berlin, is ex
pected to be in a position to forecast
the neply. Officials are pleased with
the calmness with which German
newspapers express them:jelves.
IN RUSSIA
WAR IS OVER
nical or medical purpose.! Is to be
carried on by the governmont directly
or uu-ougn contractors. The govern
ment has the sole right to sell spirits
for these purposes.
"The sale of light wines is only1
allowed in towns. In provinces and
districts which grow grapes the sale
of wine nor on draught is allowed.
The limit of alcohol for different
kinds of wine is to be fixed by the
government.
"The sale of beer is allowed only
m towns. The government is also
to fix for beer the limit of alcohoL
Town councils have the right to issue
regulations limiting or prolubiting al
together the sale of beer and. light
wines." . .
r
I
II
The illustration shows how
high-power guns would be transported to fixed concrete bases.
" Washington April 23. Experts p
the war department, working on the
important problem of strong defense
for the more than 5,000 mile3 of Uni
ted States coast, are figuring on a
scheme that will make it possible
for railroads as well as battleships
to use 12-inch, 14-inch and even 16
inch guns.
The scheme is to place heavy guns
on specially built cars so they may
be moved to different points along the
coast. Concrete bases would be built
at different places and the guns
locked to the bases.
The original idea, it is said, was
taken from a development of the
European war in which it was shown
that high-power guns can be used
as mobile weapons. -
The Germans have moved their big
guns to various places and fastened
them to concrete bases. Prior to the
European war heavy guns, used on
land, were stationary.
The Germans, however, did not
move their guns on specially built
care to fixed bases. It is in the build
ing of special cars and the placing
of permanent bases that the idea
has been improved upon in the plan
being worked out by the United
States, war experts.
In the American plan the gov.
eminent would build and own
railroads along the many miles
of coast. This would permit the
moving of the heavy guns to any
threatened point.
Under the present system of coast
defense the heavy guns are stationed
at permanent fortifications and can
not be moved " to points where their
use would bring greater results.
The concrete bases would be built
on switches off the main line of
track and at each base there would be
a tower from which officers could di
rect the firing of the big guns.
Many forms of coast defense have
been suggested, especially within the
past year. The scheme of moving
high-power guns on railroad tracks
is the most ingenious and is attract
ing the most attention right now.
Chinese Mining
Schools Is Part
of Government
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Kaifeng, Honan Province, China,
April 23. One hundred students are
in attendance at the government new
school of mines, which has just been
opened here.
Honan province is especially rich
in minerals, but the population is
poor and mining operations are so
expensive thn little development
work has been done until recent
years.
I
j ... -:-r
:y v v &&k wm- ft Kmn
the new coast, defense plan would work,
GUST
Use Six Hundred Thousand
Men in Fighting or
Reinforcing.
HEAVY FIGHTING IN
ALL WAR' THEATERS
Artillery puels on French
and usian Fronts
Vtry Sever
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
London, April 23. There has been
heavy fighting the last twenty-four
hours in all war theatres except the !
Balkans. On the Verdun front the
Germans, according to an estimate of
the French war office, have used six
hundred thousand men in fighting or
reinforcing. The Germans announce
the capture of French trenches south
of Haucourt and west of Dead Man's
1 Hill, while Paris records the taking of
several German posts in Avoncourt
wood. The Germans axe again heavily
bombarding Hill No. 304. Artillery
duels everywhere featured the fight
ing in France and Belgium.
The Germans are still using big
guns against Itskull bridgehead on
the jTiissian front, and announce the
repulse of a Russian attack further
south of that place. The Russians an
nounce the annihilation of a German
scouting party near Lake Vygonovs
Koye, and the destruction of an Aus-tro-Hungarian
position near Czarto
rysk. The Italians announce the capture
of about three hundred and fifty yards
of Austrian trenches on the Carso
front in sanguinary battle.
STOCKHOLDERS OF C. & O.
AGREE TO SALE OF BONDS
Eidnnond, Va., April 23. The
stockholders of the Chesapeake &
Ohio Railway company, m session
here yesterday, agreed to the sale of
bonds valued at $40,180,000 for the
purpose of redeeming the road's 1914
notes and obtaining an adidtional
working capital of nearly $6,000,000.
with government-owned railroad
A Social Visit
Develops Into A
Week-End Stay
So Discovered C. Jensen
In Paying a Call at
City Jail.
Whether a social visit shall be an
afternoon call or a week-end stay,
sometimes depends on the luggage the
visitor carries.
That was the interesting discovery
made by C. Jensen, yesterday after
noon at the city jail.
A friend of his, and an old ship
mate, had been incarcerated and for
cibly detained on an informal trip to
the chiefs headquarters, pending an
audience in the t city drawing room
with Judsre Zelius who will receive
guests at 9 o'clock this morning.
Jensen thought he would visit and
condone with his shipmate and aid in
whiling away the tedium of a glorious
Easter Sunday afternoon spent in the
prison.
He was shown to his friends ouar-
ters. Unfortunately for the callar, h
noticed a rather bulky object in the
vivcc oi euaen's trousers and felt
of it,-th inking it wis a flash of good
fellowship.
No so; it was a sand-bag.
Or rather it appeared to be a sart'
bag, but regarding its contents it
was greatly different, for quantities
of small pieces of iron were found to
be its true contents, which tact made it
a much superior weapon, a sort of
glonfied sand-bag, an ottensive piece
lifted to the Nth power.
So considering the facts m the case
the officer granted Jensen permission
to stay all night with his friend, and
even insisted that he do so, a hospi
tality which Jensen was loath to ac-
But he was prevailed upon, ana
given a nice cell with iron bars and
will talk to the recorder this morning
about carrying concealed weapons.
Iron Mines TSlear
Swedish Border
Being Operated
Christinia, April 23. British capi
talists who own large iron mines at
Drmderlandsdal in the province of
Heigeland, near the Swedish frontier,
where some many important opera
tions .were commenced and afterwards
suspended, will resume operations
with the object of producing 500 ton3
of ore daily.
tracks along the coast over which
OKYFAS
DISAPPEARING
THE HQUS
Democrats and Republicans
Nearing Clash Over Leg
islative Program.
DRASTIC RULES
ARE THREATENED
Democrats Want to Push
Philippines and Ship
ping Bills.
BT ASSOCIATED PREPS.
Washington, April 23 House Dem
ocrats and Republicans, after havine
j worked harmoniously for four and a
nait months, are on the verge of a
clash over the legislative program of
the remainder of the session. Demo
crats, desirous of carrying out Wil
son's wishes m push the Philippine
and shipping bills, are threatening to
invoke drastic rules to insure the
measures right of way.
The Republicans are conducting
; hat appears to be a mild filibuster on
the agricultural appropriation bill and
are ureine consideration of the forti-
(Continued on Pass Two.)
FRENCH KNEW VERDUN
WAS THE AIM OF KAISER
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Paris, April 23. Loner before the
battle of Verdun the French high
command was aware that the railway
between Verdun and Ste Menehould
through the Argonne would, in case
of .an attack, be cut by the Germans
heavy guns and that it would need
to be supplemented by a motor-transport
system. Early in February,
therefore, a special commission was
appointed, which had to arrange a
'..service of 4,000 vehicles.
All these
had to be provided with great quanti
ties of petrol, oil and grease.
The general principle was for the
Meuse Railway to be restricted as
far as possible to the transport of
provisions, while the . cars were to
bring up men, ammunition and oth
AHEAD
Escambia Girls Are Busv
i
Preparing for the Can
ning Season.
LOAN FUND HAS
BEEN ESTABLISHED
This Will Aid Girls of the
County hi Purchase
of Cans.
Much More program has been mads
this year than heretofore In the Girl's
Canning Club work according to Miss
Lomry Landrum, and it Is not expect
ed that Crop losses wGl be as great as
last year.
This condition is th result of Oi
loan fund which has been established,
and the general awakening of interest
in the organizations. Miss Landrum,
who has supervision over m h
clubs In this county, calls personally
on each member and sustains interest
by her visits.
The establishment of a loan fund
is a new idea In the dubs, and is tho
outgrowth of the losu sustained last
season by the scarcity of cans' Thin
fund is made np of individual sub
scriptions of small amounts, and ia
deposited in a local tank at tho dis
posal of the girls to btiy cans as it be
comes necessary. '
The fund is permanont, as far as it
is possible to make it so. That is, on
making a contribution, it is with the
understanding that the amount will
be returned without interest at the
end of the season, but where the len
der is willing, the mcney when it is
returned, is placed in bank, and al
lowed to draw interest which goes to
the canning club to defray the ex
penses of the ensuing year.
That the sale of tho products may
be made certain and therefore the re
turn of the money surer, local mer
chants have agreed to handle the "4
H" brand of canned g&jds. The nam
ing of the brand is to signify the pur
pose of the clubs, and at tho same tima
to hold before the girls the object to
be attained. When translated it
means, "Head, Heart, Hand end
Health", for in the exercise of the
first three the last is attained, and
sums up in a word the reason for ths
existence of these clubs.
Several persona have already sent
In sums of money to apply to the loan
fund, while many others have prom
ised their assistance when it be
comes necessary. Other valuable as
sistance has been rendered, and Mr.
Jacobi, of the Molino Canning Co. has
agreed to furnish all cans at cost
price. .
To sustain the interest In the clubs
during the "off-season" a more social
tone has been given the organization,
which only ad$g greater attractions
to the meetings but opens up other
fields as well.
Among these side topics which come
up at meetings and which enter
vitally Into all the proceedings. All the
meetings are held with strict obser
vance to the rules laid down in Robed t
Rules of Order, and adduced In a
thoroughly businesslike manner. But
to avoid possible stress on this sub
ject and to offset the formality that
attends the practice, a program is pre
pared for. each meeting which is en
tertaining as well as instructive.
Whenever possible Miss Landrum at
tends these gatherings, but in her ab
sence the same rales of procedure are
carried out.
er material. The road to Verdun was
reserved for motor traffic and the
traffic was regulated by a special
body of men. For the mending of the
road a considerable number of ex
perienced road menders was detailed.
For policing the road was divided into
sections, each in charge of an offi
cer. At noon on February 22, the day
after the battle began, tliia organiza
tion was first put to the test. With
in four hours the road wsa free of all
horse-drawn traffic and has been so
since. Every motor-lorry carrying
munitions covered an average of 100
miles a day. Large numbers ot
troops were brought up without a
hitch. '
A $ M A A A

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