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THE JOURNAL Rain Friday, with freezing temperature at night. Saturday, fair; strong northwest wind. Yesterday' temperature: Highest, S3 , Carries the Associated Praas restart and all the local new. READ THE JOURNAL. uegxees; jowesi, 4i aegrees. J VOL. XIX. NO. 350. PENSACOLA, FLA.. FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 15, 1916. PRICE FIVE CENTS. p mk& ww HOSTILITY TO PEACE TERMS IS LESSENED Peace Plans of President Wilson Can Now Be Of fered With More Effect. GERMANY IS STILL HOPEFUL Both German and Austrian Notes Received and Are Identical in Every Way. BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. , Washington, Dec. 14. The arrival of both the German and Austrian peace notes and Intimations at the entente embassies that the proposals of the central powers would not be flatly re jected without art examination were the outstanding features today In the peace move. The German note came early today and the Austrian note Just before the State Department closed. Secretary Lansing Bald thty are Identical and differed little from the published texts. It was doubtful If the notes will be transmitted to the en tente tomorrow, and President Wilson has given no hint as to his action. With the apparent moderating' of the entente attitude toward the notes to day as reflected In British newspapers, the way seems easier for the president to express hope in some wayhat the proposals may not be rejected without consideration. In such a step there is the likeli hood that the United States will be supported by some of the . European neutrals. The Spanish ambassador and the Swiss minister conferred with Secre tary Lansing today, and It was indi cated that the allies, after a confer ence among themselves, may reply to the notes, asking on what basis peace discussion could be suggested, with the understanding that such action would not bind them to a conference. The Germans think that If the mat ter roes this far, the peace conference will result. The German embassy tonight au thorised the statement that should the belligerents discuss peace, one of the important subjects which will be dis cussed probably will toe to a limited universal disarmament. SAYS THE NOTE OFFERS ALLIES ENCOURAGEMENT London. Dec. 14. General Frederick D. Maurice, chief director of military operations for the British war office. told the Associated Press today that despite Its arrogant tone, the Von Bethmann . HoUweg's recent peace speech offered the allies great encour agement from a military standpoint. lie said: "Germans know we are capable of a greater offensive than we launched last summer on the Somme and they don't like the prospect. Re cent computations show the -German losses on the Somme to total 700,000 including 95,000 prisoners. "We took 135 heavy guns, 180 field pieces and nearly 1,500 machine guns.. FRENCH PREMIER REITERATES STATEMENT v Paris, Dec. 14. Premier Brian d ac y campanled his denunciation of the German peace offer as a trap with an announcement that he would ask for the Increased power with which to carry on the war, according' to full re 4 ports of his speech before the cham- - ber of deputies today. At the same time the premier promised that the government would not undertake any scheme of national mobilization such as that Involved in the German home army plan. It is after having proclaimed its victory." he said, "while at the same time making new efforts to gain it that Germany sends us certain words which I am not unable to explain. You have read the address delivered by Von Bethmann-IIollweg, the chancel lor of the German empire. I have not the text and therefore I cannot give an official opinion, but it is Improb able that In the present circumstances those who are asked to Intervene will accept a task which might well disturb confidence here. I will make known officially the precise concerted opin ion of the allies, but I must now warn . my country against a possible poison ing of opinion. "When a country, armed to the teeth, mobilizes Its entire civil population at the rsk of. ruining Its commerce and disorganizing the homes of which it Is so proud, when Its fac tones are working overtime to in crease its war materials and when It takes, In disregard of the law of na tions, the people of an Invaded coun try and oblige them to work fo rlt. If at that moment I do not cry out to my country, 'look out. take care,' I would be enures vuioie, What comes yonder as a proposition to negotiate peace Is made at a time when Belgium (.Continued on Page Eight). ADVANCE OF Hi ARMY S UNCHECKED Berlin Reports Advance of French Troops Along Banks of Meuse. TRENCHES NEAREST PARIS ARE TAKEN Bonar Law Asserts That Allies Will Continue to Final Triumph. BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Although Great Britain has not yet received the German peiice proposals, officially, her attitude was reiterated In the house of commons today by Bonar Law, the new chancellor ex chequer. Ue declared the allies requir ed adequate reparation for their past and adequate security for the future. A semi-official statement from Pe trograd, regarding the peace proposals attacks the sincerity of the ,Teutonic powers and says it is tha firm deter mination of the entente "to continue war to a final triumph can be weak ened by no Illusory proposals of the enemy." ' That there will be no 'abatement in Great Britain's military preparations is Indicated by the unnanlmous vote by parliament of an additional credit ot four hundred mllion pour da. In Roumania the German Danube army crossed the Jalomitza river and the advance of Invaders all along the front continues unchecked. The French advance on both flanks of the Meuse river, in France, la reported by Berlin. 3ut Paris announces only bombard ments In this section. Paris, unofficially, however, reports a German attack In force on the front at Lasslgny, a point nearest Paris, taking trenches, but the French re captured them in a counter attack. Paris says the Germans attacked with 40,000 picked men. There were only bombardments on the other fronts. GERMAN SOLDIERS RECEIVE PEACE NEWS German Great Headquarters In the ( West, Wednesday, Dec. 13. Via Berlin to London, Dec 14. The German peace note was read at noon on Tues day to all the reserves and to the troops resting behind the front. Its contents were made known to the sol diers at the front or on the way to or from the trenches througi announce ments of improvised bulletin boards. The effect of the announcement was to call forth spontaneous shouts of Joy, tempered later by debate as to whether the entente would agree to make peace now. It Is generally agreed, however, that the note comes exactly at the right time and that in case it Is rejected, the fighting will continue with renewed vigor. The inhabitants of the occupied ter ritory displayed as lively an interest In the announcement as did the sol diers, and many praised the emperor unreservedly for his peace Initiative. SUFFRAGISTS WIN PARTIAL VICTORY BY ASSOCIATED FltKSS. Washington, Dec. 14. Woman sufa frage advocates won a partial victory today when the Susan B. Anthony amendment provwing national suf frage was reported for consideration without recommendation by the house judiciary committee. NATIONAL PROHIBITION GIVEN GREAT IMPETUS IN CONGRESS BT ASSOCIATED PHESS. Washington. Dec. 14. Nation-wide prohibition took a long stride today when the house Judiciary committee unexpectedly voted to recommend the adoption of the proposed constitu tional amendment to prohibit the manufacture or sale of liquor as a beverage in the United States. How far the legislation will progress at this congress is problematical, but the administration leaders are doubt ful that It will reach the senate in time for action this session. A majority of two-thirds in both houses Is necessary before Its submls sion to the various states. The prohibition Issue wis brought directly to the attention of the senate when the Sheppard bill to prohibit to the District of Columbia tec&me un finished business today to le kept be fore the senate until disposed of. Hardly anyone doubted tonight that prohibition will be. domlrant Issue before the new Sixty-fifth congress. France to Have Total Prohibition. Paris, De. 14. Tota prohibition throughout Prance of the consumption of such awohjallc beverage. as whis FIRST DIRIGIBLE BALLOON OF U. S. NAVY ARRIVES HERE The DN-1, first dirigible balloon of the United States Navy, has arrived in Pensacola, and Will be sent to the aeronautic station today. The craft has Just been completed by the Connecticut Aircraft Company, at New Haven, where it has been tested, and was sent here for final tests and acceptance. The preliminary , power tests required by the Navy Department have already been passed. The DN-1 Is 175 feet over all and 60 feet high over all, with a beam of 35 feet, and it Via 'designed to make 25 to 30 miles an hour. It is also expected to run at full speed for two hours endurance run. Its possible rate of ascent and descent is flawed by its builders at six feet a second. It carries a full set of navigating instruments including colored light for signaling from the pilot to the engineer. The floating hangar for housing the craft is ready for use and the machine will be Immediately assembled for tests. . - RIGHT TO ASK PEACE Foreign Relations Commit tee Chairman Discusses Peace Proposals. : . BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. St." Louis, Mo, Dec. 14. The right of a neutral which has suffered from the effects of the European war, par ticularly was asserted here tonight be fore the league to Enforce Peace by Senator Stone, chairman of the senate foreign relations committee. " " "Since the war has, almost from the beginning, resulted m continuing offensive attacks on the rights and dignity of this sovereignty and in in flicting incalculable injury to our na tional interests all of which we have borne with patience because of our friendship for the nations involved," said Senator Stone, it seems to me that after enduring these attacks and Buffering these losses for nearly two and a half years, with no end yet in sight, that we have a right, without regard to any question of sympathy of humanity, but solely on our own ac count and to safeguard our own Inter ests, to approach the combatants as a mutual friend and open negotiations with a view to the re-establishment of normal international conditions." The senator declared he wished it distinctly understood that he spoke of his own personal responsibility, but said he later might speak "in another forum" on whether any neutral or group of neutrals should "attempt any affirmative action to end the present war." He said he would not discuss the wisdom or unwisdom of an approach of the belligerents with peace propos als, but merely of "the propriety of the right" and pointed out that distin guished men in this country and In the warring countries have . warned that such a movement would not only be futile, but offensive. . "I am not disposed," he added, "to accept without questioning either the accuracy of these statements or the soundness of fne reasons on which they are predicated." The United States, the senator said, has suffered from acts committed which "have been grossly offensive to our national pride and hurtful beyond estimate to our national Interests." He (Continued on Page Eight) kies, brandies and liquors has been decided on by the government. This Is shown by the. text in , the Journal official today of Premier Briand's declaration yesterday before the chamber of desputles. ? The pre mier said: "The government, will ask you to give it the faculty of solving by de crees all questions of interest in re gard to the national defense which the laws are too slow to regulate. A par tlcularly grave question which can be regulated only In war time the solu tion of which involves the life of the country and its salvation, is the total suppression of the consumption of alcohol.' The premier's remarks were greeted with loud applause from many of the benches. Deputy Mayeras Interject ed: "In the army also?" . "Yes, in the entire country," said the premier. The use or the term aiconol is un derstood In Prance to include such beverages as absinthe, which already has been suppressed; whiskies, bran dies and liquors, but not wines or beer. SOWS RAIN ANt) SNOW PREDICTED FOR V SOUf H TONIGHT BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington, -Dec. 14. . Cold disturbances are prej dieted tonight for central Alabama, causing snows and rains in east Gulf and southern states. Colder weather for Frit day and Saturday in the -South Atlantic states, with a heavy frost Satur day morning as far south as central Florida. Storm warning for the Atlantic and Gulf. DICE FOR ST. CHDLAS GIRL Entertainment at Armory Tonight for Doll and Toy Christmas Fund. The St. Nicholas Girl is extending an Invitation to everybody who Is in terested In the Doll and Toy fund to go to her dance at the Armory hall this evening. The St. Nicholas Girt neeas a great deal of money for the Christ mas stockings. And she is giving the dance this evening at the Armory hall to swell her fund In order that she may be able to take care of the hundreds of children whose Christmas angel she has come to be. Do you know that there are a great many chrldren in Pensacola looking to the St. Nicholas Girl with all the faith of childhood, so sure are they that she will supply their Christmas needs? Of course they are sure, these boys and girls. For they know that year after year she has brought the Christmas spirit into their young lives. and crowned the Christmas season wtih the radiance of love. Hundreds ' of tickets have been printed for the St. Nicholas Girl's Christmas tree. Last year there were more than three hundred children taken care of. This year, since times are so very hard, the St. Nicholas Girl Is afraid that there will be just as many. Perhaps you may think that the St. Nicholas Girl is staggered at the stu pendous task she has before her, but dear me not at all!! She just snaps her fingers at Mr. Hard Times and says: "You cannot spoil, the Christmas season with your penurious spirit. No Indeed! This is the season of glad ness! This is the Children's Day! Of (Continued on Page Eight SHOPPING . WNTIV, CHRISTMAS 1 i i KTITBIG I. CA1PAIG West Florida and Other Lumber Men at Conven- tion Consider Publicity. . SPECIAL TO THE JOURNAL. New Orleans, Dec 14. Two subjects of vital Interest to pine men in Louis iana, Texas, Florida. Mississippi and throughout the southern pine belt. were considered by the directors of the Southern Pine Association, in session here tif&ay. - - - .-..- .' -v. - - . One was the proposition to raise $250,000 as an advertising fund, to be expended under the direction of the National Lumber Manufacturers Association, of which the southern pine men are asked to contribute $60, 000. The other was a proposed or ganization of a separate association for the sale and development of cut over pine . lands. z A meeting of all land owners will be held to discuss the cut-over lands association with . the pine association directors and other Interested organi zations. . It is believed that the asso ciation will be organized and the pro ject started. It was also decided to give the $60,000 asked, provided other associations did likewise. J. R. McLane, of Pensacola. and F. W. Stevens, of Bagdad, Fla., were among the directors present and they took a great deal of Interest In the cut-over lands project. R. II. Down man, president of the Southern Pine Association, presided. CREW OF SUB. RESCUED AFTER SPENDING DAY ON THE BOTTOM OF SEA BT ASSOCIATED F&B33. Eureka, Cal., Dec 14. Twenty- seven members or the crew of the United States submarine H-3, Impris oned since dawn today in the subma rine which went ashore near the en trance of Humbolt Bay here, were rescued tonight. Five were brought ashore late today and the remaining nineteen tonight, all In- aHbreechea buoy rigged up by the coast guard men. The H-3 struck the sand spit In a heavy fog while coming down the coast from Puget Sound with the mother chip Cheyenne and subma rines H-l and II-2. All day long the men were bottled up in the submarine's huii, which was thrown around by heavy seas. MYSTERY AROUND COLLISION OF STEAMSHIPS IS CLEARED BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Newport, News, Va., Dec 14. The mystery surrounding the collision In lower Chesapeake, bay last night in which the Merchants' and Miners zas eenger liner Powhattan was so badl damaged she had to be beached, wad cleared up early today when the Brit ish steamer Pelena, an oil tanker, ar rived here and proceeded to- the ship yard for repairs. She was eadly dam aged about the bow, but so far as could be learned, none of her crew was injured. Four negro meos atten dants on the Powhattan were hurt by falling beams when the Pelena crash ed Into the liner's starboard side. That the Powhattan was at fault in attempting to cross his ' how at too close a range was the statement of Captain E. D. Goff, of the Pelena, made here this afternoon after his ves DIRIGIBLE BALLOON FOR AERO STATION REACHES PENSACOLA WILL REPAIR BAYOU BRIDGE Secretary of War Baker States That $5,000 Avail able for the Purpose. That the bridge at Bayou Grande will be repaired in the near future and that approximately $5,000 Is to be used for the work is the statement of Sec retary of War Newton D. Baker in a letter to Senator Fletcher, who, owing to his interest in the matter, has for warded it to C, E. Dotoaon. :The matter has repeatedly been brought to the attention of the War and Navy Departments, and Mr. Dob. son stated that on his recent visit to Wishlngton, he called on the secre tary of war, and submitted the matter to him. It is this reference to the matter in the letter following, which says that the matter was taken up for consideration on December 6. Plans are also being made for placing the road under the supervision of the War or Navy Department, and if this is done it is probable that it will be paved. Further improvements are planned, extending the road from the turn at the cemetery wall to Fori Redoubt, thence to old Fort San Car los, and beyond to the lighthouse, thus bringing It to within a short distance of the terminus of the Gulf Beach Highway and nearer Perdldo river. A survey of this route will probably be asked In a short while and a bill introduced Into congress providing for the expenditure. . Following is the letter from the secretary of war to Senator Fletcher : "Honorable Duncan TJ. Fletcher, "United States Senate. "My Dear Senator: "L I have the honor to refer to your ;aall . at the department recently in connection with the present condi tion of the road running from Pensa cola, Florida, to Fort Barrancas, and the bridge over Bayou Grande, and a proposed extension of this road to two ancient fortifications one Re doubt and the other Fort San Carlos; and to advise you as follows: "2. The records of the quartermas ter general's office show that the road leading from Pensacola to the Bar rancas National Cemetery was con structed under authority of act of con gress (sundry civil) approved July 1, 1898, which appropriated $10,000 for the purpose. The road was in three parts: From the cemetery to Bayou Grande, about 7,195 feet; briJge over the Bayou Grande, 1,270 reef, and from Bayou Grande to Pensacola, about 4.6 miles. A map showing location of the road Is inclosed. "3. An appropriation of $32,000, made in the Sundry Civil Appropria tion Act approved March 4, 190", was expended in the reconstruction of the bridge over Bayou Grande anl repair of the road from Bayou Grande to the cemetery. No repairs were made from this appropriation to the portion of the road from Bayou Grande to Pen sacola, as it appeared from maps and other data in the county clerk's office that the city had paved a portion of this road, which apparently was under the control of the county authorities. "4. On October 26, 1916, the quarter master general was advised by the quartermaster, New Orleans, La., that a storm on October 18th damaged the bridge over the Bayou Grande and that it would probably require $5,000 to re pair It, and on October 28th authority was given to " the quartermaster at New Orleans to send his superinten dent of construction to the Barrancas National Cemetery to survey the bridge and approach road from that point to the cemetery, and to 'submit recommendation as to what repairs should be made, with estimate of costs, etc, and the quartermaster was also advised that the available balance of (Continued on Page Eight.) sel had gone into dry dock to have a large hole In ber bow repaired. Cap tain Goff said he was on the right side of- the channel and the one signal from the Powhattan that his ship heard came too late to avoid the col lision. The Powhattan's side came in contact with his bow, said Captain Goff, before any acUon could be taken on his boat looking toward an aversion of the crash. Captain Goff explained the mystery connected with his whereabouts last night by saying he stood by until the Powhattan said she only need a sur geon, and as there was not a doctor oa board the Pelena, he moved her up to Hampton Roads and anchored. Re strictions of the use of wireless placed In ships of belligerent nations and the confusion of messages flying through the air restrained him from identify ing himself, Captain Goff said First Craft of Its Kind for Navy Reached Here Yes terday Morning. BE ASSEMBLED IMMEDIATELY Preliminary Tests Witt B&: Conducted as Soon as Balloon is Ready. The DN-1. first dlrlgtU balloon T the United States navy, arrived In Pensacola yesterday morning and to day will be sent to the aeronaotlo sta tion, where it will be immediately as sembled and tested.. The balloon was built by the Connectktut Aircraft Company, of New ITanm. and wan ; shipped from the factory several weeks ago. The assembly of the big craft will be under the supervision of Lieuten ant Commander F. R. McCrary, al though a demonstrator from the fac tory will do the actual work. It Is ex pected that the balloon will be ready for preliminary tests . within four weeks, as much work must be done before it is given its Initial tryout. 'A 'hangar haj already been con structed for the dirigible, and is ready for use. It is of steel throughout, built on a barge tied in the old dry dock slip. The DN-1 is 175 feet ovtr all and SO feet high over all, with a beam or .i feet It is of non-rigid type and hoM- its shape by the pressure of the sa contained. Excluding the space used by the balloonets. It has a total lift of approximately 7.000 pounds basod on the lift of its hydrogen gas at .06 pounds for each cubic foot. s The bag has a total capacity of 11.". 000 cubit feet of hydrogen pas, an,j !a equipped with two balloonets. one in the rear with a capacity of S.noo culii feet and one in front with 7,000 cr'; fee. The purposes of tbe bnllnoneM is to navigate and to a.v;.M in, kfpplivv Its shape nssiiiHt -han,?fV in toiippr atures encountered at hu;h altitude. The gondola which is carried l Y suspension to the bas "13 d'?siprt!tu par ticularly for efficiency, w thont caus ing too great strain on any one pp.rt of the bag. This is .ocMeved, It w claimed, ly the use of many belly bands tfirown around thivbag, the on ! of each attached to the top or th gondola. For motive power th dirigible i fitted with an eisht-cyjinder t4'" housepower motor, with a speed f 2,100 revolutions a minute. Th" transmission of th povpr i efferud by an upright siiaa connecting with two other shaft overhead, which drivf two four-bdale propellers. The balloon is equipped with 1 blower to 'maintain Die proper dc; i -o of inflation of the, hallooti' ts. unO U operated on signal from the pilot. It is also operated by the main pn pr plant, being attached to the motor b belt on the main shaft. An auxiliary motor is provided as a safety dv:co to be used In oaso the main r..)nu . - comes deranged. Thin motor i- a . i and one-half horsepower a;rceld' engine, and is connected with, tho blower by a chain operating in a tw... way clutch. The auxiliary may b used at a moment's notice, by operat ing , ai lever. . The propellers are larse and very powerful and may he operated 'at half speed of from 800 to a 1.000 revolu tions a minute. They have a projected acrea of about fifteen square feet, and are of spruce. The gas bag is made of two-ply cot ton fabric, rubberized. It is claim ed to have a strength of" 70 pound for each inch of warp and woof. ' The dirigible is designed to attain a speed of from 23 to HO miles ln hour, and for -a two hours' endur ance run at full speed. Its possible rate of descent and -ascent is figured by its builders at six feet a second. It carries a full set of navigating In struments, Including barometer, baro graph, pressure gauges, chronometer, air speed meter, incline meter, state graph and compass. It haa different colored lights for signaTlylng between pilot and engineer, and a compartment for storing food for the operators dur ing long flights, as well as a first aid kit for emergencies. .- With the acceptance of th dirigible a notable addition to the aeronautio station will be made, and great strides are expected In this branch of aeronautics under the supervision of Lieutenant Commander McCrary. The station now has two free balloons and a kite balloon, and others will probably be sent very soon. MONEY NEEDED TO PAY GUARDSMEN'S FAMILIES BT ASSOCIATED FRIES "Washington, Dee. 14. MiOor Gen eral Sharp, quartermaster general, told the house military committee to day, that the department la paying $75,000 dally to dependent families ot enlisted men and guard&meiw He said the two million dnHar XunJ is virtually exhausted and emergency legislation will be asked to continue payments this month.