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WEATHER FORECAST THE JOURNAL Generally fair Sunday and Monday. Gentle to moderate winds, mostly north aet. . Highest temperature yesterday, 63 ae- Carries the Associated Press report and all the local news. READ THE JOURNAL. VOL. XIX NO. 366, PENSACOLA, FLA.. SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 31, 1916. PRICE FIVE CENTS. - .. ALLIES ANSWER "NO" AND . DEMAND FULL REPARATION SAY GERMAN HINT IS i "WAR MANEUVER" TO JUSTIFY NEW CRIMES Allies Did All In Their Power to Avoid a War "Desired, Provoked, and Declared" by Ger many, and Must Have "Guarantees" Against Such a "Perpetual Menace to Nations." Note Is Handed American Ambassador. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. . Paris, Dec 30 The entente governments, replying to Germany, de clare they refuse to consider Germany's insincere and ineffective propo sition for a conference,, and suggested the conference without conditions was not a Deace offer, the note says, but rather a war maneuver. A brief synopsis of the note follows: Before making any reply the allied powers desire to protest against two essential assertions of the note of the enemy ' powers that they pretend to throw upon the allies the responsibility for war, and pro claim a victory for the central powersl The allied governments cannot admit an affirmation doubly exact which suffices to render Bterile all ten tative negotiations. ' . , The allied nations have sustained a, thirty-month war they did every thing to avoid. They have shown by acts their attachment to peace which are as strong today as in 1914. But not upon the word of Germany, after a violation of its engagements, may peace broken by her be based. A. mere suggestion without a statement of terms that negotiations be opened is a sham proposal, lacking substance and precision, and is less an offer of peace than a war maneuver. It is founded on calculated mis ' interpretation of the character of the struggle. The German note takes no account of facts which establish the war was desired, provoked and declared by Germany and AustriarHungary. At The Hague conference, it was a German delegate who refused all pro posals for disarmament. Peace Offer a Sham. The note then reviews a history of diplomatic exchanges leading to war to show it was precipitated by Teu tonic powers. Continuing it says: At the present moment sham offers on the part of Germany rest on 'a superficial and passing phase of the situation not on the real strength of the belligerents. Peace concluded on the terms of the "war map" w ould be -only to the advantage of the ag- gressors, who, after imagining they reach their goal in two months, dis covered after two years, that they could never attain it. Disasters caused by the German declaration of war and innumerable outrages com mitted against both belligerents and neutrals, demand penalties, repara tion and guarantees. Germany avoids mention of any of these. In reality the overtures are nothing more than a calculated attempt to influence the future course of the war and end it by imposing a German peace. Final- ly the overtures are an attempt to justify in advance a new series of crimes, submarine warfare deporta tions forced labor and the forced en listment of inhabitants against their cn country and in violation of neu trality. "Fully conscious of the gravity of this moment, but equally conscious of its requirements, the allied govern' ments, closely united to one another, and, in perfect sympathy with their' people, refuseto consider the propos al which. Is empty and insincere. The allies again declare that no peace is possible so long as they have not se j cured reparation for violatsd rights and liberties, recognition of the prin ciple of nationalities and the free ex istence of Email states; so long as they have not brought about settle ment calculated to end once and for ' all the forces which have constituted a perpetual menace to nations and to afford the $nly effective guaran tee for the future security of the world." The note in conclusion, concretely outlines Belgium's aim in the war, which is described as the re-establishment of peace and justice, but they only desire peace, which would assure their country of legitimate repara tion, guarantees and safeguards for the future. The note was handed American Ambassador Sharp today by Premier Briand and made public m London and raris. FOUR ECLIPSES OF SUN; THREE OF MOON Washington, ;Dec. SO. Four eclipses of the sun and three of the moon will occur in 1917, according to a memorandum issued today by the naval observatory. The last year in which seven eclipses came was early in the last century, and the next will be in 1935. On January 8 there will be a total eclipse of the moon by the earth's shadow, visible throughout the United States, beginning at 12:50 a. m and ending at 4:39 a. m. Al'IATORS I LONG FLIGHTS Eight Army Birdmen Make Trip From New York to Philadelphia. BY ASSOCIATET P3ESS. Philadelphia, Dec. 30. Eight of the i twelve airplanes that left Hempstead, j N. Y., and Governor's Island, N. Y., J in a flight to this city, landed at the Philadelphia navy yard in two hours after leaving the starting point today. The ' aviators and their passengers were stiff from the cold and were covered with a thin casing of ice. The flight of the airplanes was un-! dertaken for the double purpose of competing for government air licenses and to test stabilizers and other devices. The second machine to arrive struck the top of a flag pole about 30 feet from the ground as the aviator sought a landing and fell heavily into ditch. Neither the aviator nor the passenger with him was injured, but one of the wh.gs of the machine was damaged. Altitudes Tanging from 2,000 to, 5,- 000 feet were attained (luring the flight, the aviators said. Lieut. E. M. Gagnall, who had to return to the aviation field at Hemp stead because ol engme trouble soon after he started, and later ascended again arrived safely at the navy yard early in the afternoon. . rgeant E. R. Noyes, carrying a passenger and testing a lift indicator, is reported to have landed with en gine trouble at Monmouth Junction, N. J. PUNCH DISCOURAGES THIS HOLD UP MAN William Ziebach, 19 yesxs of age, employed in The Journal's circulation department, commanded by a negro, at the corner of Cervantes street and Thirteenth avenue last night, to throw up his hands, obeyed until the man got within reach to rifle his pockets, and then hooked a swift wallop to the man's temple, the blow knocking all thoughts of robbery out of his head. "I didn't know whether he had eun in his pocket or not," said Zie bach, "but I was not going to let him sret $26 I had. I reckon that hand ain't broke, d'ye think?" h said, ex hibiting a badly swollen knuckle and a discolcr?1 hand. , Way Out May Yet Be Found Thinks Washington Much Depends on the President BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington, Dec. 30. There are no official ex pressions here of anf view of President Wilson on the Entente reply for the dual reason . the United States is acting- only as an intermediary between the belligerents and because of a polity of silence adopted at this stage of the peace negotiations, and the un official opinion was that some rtjeans for further ex change between the warring powers would be found. Official Washington, however, is deeply perplexed as to the future, and admitted it probably depended on internal conditions and confidence of warring powers and how far the President would decide to push his own peace efforts, as the first comment indicated hope for early peace had diminished but had not disap peared. , The German embassy outwardly is not fav orably impressed with the note, and the next steps of this government will not be determined until the En tente reply to the Presidents note, which is expected within a few days. Oflcials believe it will make clear whether any good will be accompished by the further efforts of the President. Official text of the note was received here but will not be made public by state de partment. The state department feels most earnestly it is a mere messenger of the belligerent governments. BUILDING SHOWS GREAT INCREASE IN PENSACOLA Building in the city chiring Novem-! ber was reported heavier than In any month in 196, but the record for the month fof December will exceed the November business by upward of $20,000. The total of the December building activity, as shown by the building permits on file at the office of City " Building Inspector' James "M. Johnson, aggregate more than $56, 000. There are several contractors to hear from yet,' it was stated last night, but thus far the record shows a vast increase over the highest pre vious month in 1916. A great many of the permits are for repairs only, because of storm damage, but there are several very nice residences be ing constructed. A home for W. B. Logan, of the Newport Tar and Rosin Company, at the corner of Spring and Brainard street, will cost upward of $11,000. This is being constructed by the C. H. Turner Company. Mrs. Wm. Fisher is having a fine home constructed at the- corner of Jackson and Palafox streets, to cost , ; : i REPORT VHll Gispi Prospect of Being Crushed by Carranza Grows Less Every Day. BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington, Dec. 30. Increasing evidence that Carranza's government is moaaaced by bands of insurgents, coupled with a prospect that the first chief will not accept unconditionally the Atlantic City protocol,- has brought the Mexican situation to a stage of uncertainty that causing growing concern here. Officials ad mit conditions are embarrassing and some high army officers are urging that Pershing's men be withdrawn to the border, as a military step, regard less of conditions. Reports to the state and war de partments indicate that Villa is rap idly gaining ground in Northern Mex ico and his suppression ay Carranza is doubtful. Followers of Felix Diaz are said to be making trouble in the south and other rebel leaders are gaining. MACHINE GUNS HURRIED TO REPEL AN INVASION Laredo, Texas, Dec 30. Six ma chine guns mounted on motor cars quickly followed by a motorcycle squad, were sent to an unknown point down the Rio Grande at ten o'clock tonight. While the authorities de clined information,1 it is believed i new attempt was being made to en ter Mexico by filbustering expedition. not less than $10,000. This residence is just started. It occupies the large quarter block space east of the beau tiful home which Mrs. Fisher sold quite recently. A. B. Saunders has just had com pleted a home, at the corner of Ninth avenue and Lee street, costing up ward of $15,000. Dr. Saunders has just taken possession of the fine building. A colored church, to cost hot less than $15,000 is being constructed fa the northeastern part of the city. ' Showing the extent of the building, the firm of C. H. Turner & Co. yes terday filed forty-six applications for building permits with Building In spector Johnson. This is the largest number of per mits ever filed in Pensacola et one time. The permits aggregate $19, 640.06, the largest being for the $11, 000 home which is being erected for W. B. Logan and family, at the cor ner of Spring and Brainard streets, noted above. Forty-five permits were for improvement and repairs, nearly all of which resulted from damage caused by the October storm. FRENCH LOSE BIG CRUISER Officially Announced Gau lois Torpedoed and Sank in the Mediterranean. BT ASSOC1ATKT) PRESS. Paris, Dec. T50. The Trench arm ored cruiser Gaulbis was torpedoed in the Mediterranean, December 27, and sank TnTialTan hour, it was offi cially announced today. Owing to coolness of the crew ana the arrival of patrol boats, there were only four victims, and two were EHed by the explosion. GENERAL HOLIDAY THROUGHOUT CITY Monday will be a great holiday throughout the city. Practically all business houses- will susnend for the day at noon, and the afternoon will be given over to social calling. Banks announced that they would not open on Monday, and like announcement- is made by the custom house and federal ancT state offices. The city, hall officials will be given a holiday and no business will be transacted there in any "department, Checks were distributed for the last week in December to all departments. Sunday night "watch parties' will be in vogue, Services -have been planned in the churches, and these will continue through midnight, at which a good attendance is expected. RECORD YEAR IS SHOWN BY POSTAL SALES Figures Announced Show Pensacola Has Beat 'Former Record. STAMP SALES ARE BUSINESS INDEX Steady Improvement Since 1914 Is Still More Bullish. This js the banner year! Postal receipts are ever7where considered the index of business, and 1916 was the record breaking year for the postoffice of Pensacola, with stamp sales amounting to $12,130.14. In 1914, the war and business the postal receipts fell off nearly a fifth. Pensacola staggered under the pun ishment, but rallied and next year made a thousand dollar increase; but now, she has gone beyond that, gone beyond the 1913 showing, and set a new "record. Figures announced by Postmaster Hancock for the year closing today are as follows: Year Stamp sales 1913 $12,025.77 1914 , $10,518.49 1915 .$11,994.81 1916 $12,130.14 Conditions are equally reflected in the money order transactions for' De cember, which in 1913 amounted to $92,481.28; 1914, $60,500.22; 1915, $66,945.34; 1916, $72,047.60. Though the money order business totalled more in 1913 than in 1916, there were only 19,525 orders issued, in the form er year, while in 1916 there were 32, 293, showing-a more active and gen eral business. TEUT01 DRIVE IS COMER Campaign Spreads and Ar mies Move Forward Des pite Stubborn Resistance. BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Teutonic armies in Roumania along the Maldavian frontier continue to drive forward in the face of stubborn Russian and ' Roumanian resistance. The campaign covers not only the hundred and twenty mile front from the Danube to Oituz Pass in the Car pathians, but extends further' north ward along the Maldavfan frontier to the Putna river valley. Heaviest blows of the German armies are be ing delivered along a railroad line running north from RimnikSarat. Teutonic troops have also driven ahead ,in attacks on the Transyl vanian frontier. Except for a French attack on the new German lines on Dead Man's Hill near Verdun, little activity is report ed in France. MAYOR AND PARTY OFF FOR TALLAHASSEE Despite the obstacles offered by bad roads in West Florida, Mayor Hinrichs and party will go to Talla hassee this morning. Arrangements were made last night to ship the city's car to River Junction, thence to go via the city car to the state cap ital, a distance of about forty miles. Mayor Hinrichs, Cffy ' Clerk - Eggart and City Comprroller.Bayless will go over Monday morning, and travel from River Junction to Tallahassee in the car. This will mean a saving of about 163 miles of auto travel. SPAIN SENDS REPLY TO THE PRESIDENT'S NOTE " Madrid, Dec. 30. The Spanish gov ernment has sent a note in reply to President Wilson, declaring that it believes the action in which Spain is invited to participate will be ineffi cacious and suggests opportuneness of an understanding by neutral, pow ers in defense fit their own interests. TALLAHASSEE A MASS OF BUNTING; CROWDS ARRIVE FORINAUGURAL IDA TARBELL FOR NEW TARIFF BOARD? V IDA TAP.BE. LL Miss Tarbell, it is believed, will be chosen by President Wilson as one of five members of the new tariff com mission. She would be the first wo man to be honored in this way. L1S0 11SRI1CT0 Boston Financier Will Ap pear at the Committee Investigation. BT ASBOCIATETJ PRESS. Boston, Dec. 30.- In response to a telegram from Congressman R. L. Henry, of Texas, urging that he go to Washington immediately and pro duce any facts he may have bearing on a "leak" from the state depart ment to Wall street in connection with President Wilson's recent peace note, Thomas W. Lawson today re plied by wire that he would call on the congressman Monday. "You have libelled congressmen rnd public officials and I predict you cannot make good," Congressman Henry stated : in the telegram which Mr. Lawson made public here today. It was explained that IvTr. Henry made his request in his capacity as a member of the house rules com miUee, of which he ts" chairman. "The good old capitol has been wal lowing in Wall street leakgrafts for forty years, the TJawson reply said. "You and Congressman Wood started this leak' merry-go round, then you sort of run me into it through" your press statements and then you made me the whole of it. Now I say, con gressmen, have a heart,' have a heart. "This is my program . Tomorrow I will give you a serious three thou sand; word bit, then if you wish I will visit you on New Year's day, then on Tuesday from the gallery I will listen to you and the other statesmen who missed out on the 'leak' lambast me some rmoFe.'" TOURIST CLUB WILL BE REORGANIZED President W. H.. Taylor, ,of the Pensacola Tourist club, who is in the city for the season, announces that the Tourist club will be reorganized, and it is desired that everyone eligi ble to membership be at the meeting place on Tuesday, afternoon. In a card to the tourists, all are directed to be at the W. O. W. hall, on West Romana street, at 2 o'clock, on Tues day afternoon. His card, sent to The Journal office last evening follows: To All Tourists. All northern tourists in the city are requested to be present at the Wood men hall, corner of Romana and Bay len streets, at 2 o'clock Tuesday aft ernoon, January 2, 1917, to reorganize the club for the winter. W. H. TAYLOR. PRESIDENT CONFERS ON RAILROAD SITUATION Washington, Dec. 30. President Wilsonwent to the capitol late today and conferred wiK Chairman New lands, of the senate interstate com merce committee aDout expediting the railroad legislation program, in view of the falTurg of the railroads and the brotherhoods fb'agree on an applica tion of the Adam son law. t - v.p, I xll - -s . :;- 1 Governor-Elect Catts and Family in Governor's Mansion. GOING SLOW ON . . APPOINTMENTS Preparations for Splendid In augural Ball. Gifts to Officials. SPECIAL. TO THX JOURNAI Tallahassee, Dec. SO. Public t buildings and business TiouYes are aj mass of bunting and flags. The state w house is decorated as never before for ' an inauguration and the house cham- ' ber is cleared and beautified for th all. In the Mansion. Governor-FJect Catts and family arrived today at 1:50 o'cltck and were met by crowds of citizens and Gov ernor and Mrs. Trammell who escort ed them in cars to the mansion, keys of which were turned over by the Trammells, who moved to a hotel this morning. - Burke is Private Secretary. Mr. Catts and his family, at the mansion tonight, and when interview- . ed late thi3 afternoon by the corre spondent in the parlors of the man sion, Mr. Catts 6aid he had decided on no appointments except private secretary. He said he had offered it to J. V. Burke, of Jacksonville, who had managed his campaign. Go Slow in Appointments. Mr. Catts finished hi i inaugural address tonight and gave it to tha printer. He told the correspondent tonight that his programme would be, to go slow in the matter of ap pointments until things were all run ning smoothly. " Justices of Court Absent. Justices of the suprrmo rourt will not take part in the inauguration. Presents Given. . Two mementoes will be presented to retiring officials durin;; the inau gtrral ceremonies on the platform that has been erected over the east steps of the capitol. Secretary of State Crawford will deliver an ad dress, presenting Mr. Trammell with a gift from the cabinet, afol Commis- , sioner of Agriculture McRae will pre sent Mr. Knott with a token of es teem from fellow cabinet officers. Ball But No Punch. Mr. Catts protested against a ball and spiked punch at the ball in the state house, but the secretary of state told him that a certtin element coming here to dance would be disap pointed if the ball was not held, so he withdrew his objection to the ball and was assured by Mr. Crawford that no punch would be served in tha , building. Mr. Crawford also point ed out to Mr. Catts that the house of representatives' hall had been cleared and decorated. Mr. Catts said that inasmuch as preparations had gone so far, let the ball go on. People are already arriving , by train and in cars. NEGLECT THE CAUSE OF MANY MENTAL DEFECTIVES New York Dec. 30. A large per centage of delinquent girls are men tal defecetives who could have been saved if given special trailing early in life, it was asserted here today by H. H. Goddard, of the Vineland, N. J., training school for girls in an address before the psychological sec tion of the American Association for the Advancement of Scierce. He scored public failure to take greater interest in proper care for uch girls and cited many instances of children who become impaired for life through such laxity. VILLA IS MOVING ON CHIHUAHUA CITY BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. El Paso, Dec 30 Fedenl agent3 today sent a report to Wellington, saying Villa was at Jimincz and is advancing on Chihuahua City with ten thousand troops. The federal agents also said General Francisco Murguia is reported to be making preparations to evacuate the state capital. It was reported hee today Villa captured a train of ammunition and sixteen cannon when he took Tor reon. The commander at Torreon s reported to have committed suicida when he saw the fight was lost.