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ffu r0: -'n'p W?ir tf- j the journal ; . hyJf :: : : ilifry WvV .W 'Mwmi ivM4ib read the toijrnat. ! w . y ' - , . 7 - iwas , . - - j j ; : t f WEATHER FORECAST Ea,",.??nda': Tuesday, rain; gentle to moderate northeast and east winds. j Testerday. temperature Highest, W degrees; lowest. 56 degrees. VOL. XX. NO. 1. PENSACOLA, FLA.. MONDAY MORNING, JANUARY 1, 1917. PRICE FIVE CENTS. ACE 99 GIMRCMMEN SAY P. u ;;ir.:rica Should Take Sides. Premature Peace is Curse. ALLIES CONFIDENT IN AMERICA Many Important Changes in War Theatres During Year. BT ASSOCIATED KRESS. Washington, Dec. 31. In a signed document addressed to the nation, more than fifty prelates and laymen of various denominations, represent ing many sections of tha United States, have united in a warning against what they term may be a premature peace in Europe which "may bring a curse instead of a bles sing." , The document declares the Chris riiars of America should consider the Vght or wrong of the occupation of Celgium, Poland, Serbia, The Ar- Eenia massacres, the destruction of merchantmen, hardships of Jews, Cyrlans and the "attempt to array the , Moslem against the Christian in a holy war." And to be reminded that "peace is a triumph of righteousness and not a mere sheathing of a sword." It also warns against "deliberate organized efforts" to create a public sentiment blindly favorable to endWg hostilities. . EBB AND FLOW OF A YEAR OF WAR PUIS FORIIil OF GOUEB Tallahassee, in Gala. Attire, Awaits Imposing Ceremony. III H ONGRESS UHDERM WITH WO IS IED BK UNCLE SMI HELPS WORKING WOMEN TO GET WORK Extra Session is Already Being Discussed by Members PENSACOLA IS REPRESENTED SPECIAL. TO THE JOURNAL Tallahassee, Dec .'U. The Leon hotel lobby tonight swarms as in legislative times. ,The man sion, capitol, city, hall, court house, and in fact nearly every public building and business house is flying flags and is bedecked with buntings. Mayor Hinrichs, Comptroller Bayless and Officer Bobe of Pen sacola; also J. H. Smithwick Judge Sheppard and many otner public men. All plans are com plete for inauguration. I The dawn of 1917 finds the bellig erent armies temporarily, at least, virtually deadlocked everywhere, ex cept In Roumania; it also finds in the air a Teutonic suggestion for a dis (Mission of pence but no basis is of f ered by , them . for , ending hostilities and the entente have signified their intention to continue fighting till their oft-repeated desires are at tained. There are numerous -changes from a year ago in the main theatres of war. In the Somme region of France, the Germans are driven back by the French, over fronts of consid erable size, while the Germans made notable gains toward Verdun, but later lost a part by , French counter attacks. The Italians advanced closer to Trieste, the allies operating from Sa loniki have placed the Serbians back cn their native soil and advanced to numerous points in Macedonia. Russia's great drive last June cleared the Volhynian fortress tri angle of Austro-Germans and gained much ground in Galicia and Buko wina. The Teutons have taken half of Roumania. The Russians made big gains in the Caucasus and Armenia, while the British are being held by the T&ks near Kutel Amaxa. Aside from Rou mania at present there has been' a little activity except from artillery. The Teutons reinforced on-the Mol davia Transylvania front are still pro gressing in their drive, by which they are apparently trying to join the Teu tonic troops moving northward' into Moldavia. The Russians and Roumanians have taken additional points on both sides of the Oituz valley and in the Putna and Zobala valleys. . GREECE PAYS A IIIGH TRIBUTE TO TJ.- S. SHIP LDAOED 113 HIS. Viator, With Arnmonia for Cuba, Makes Fine Record. YYitn a tuu cargo or ammonia products, the Norwegian' steamship Viator cast off lines Sunday after noon at 6 o'clock and steamed down the bay, bound for Matarizas, Cuba, where the cargo is consigned to the order of the Armour Company. lnis cargo was loaded nere so quickly, and with such a minimum of overhead charge that the exporters are said to have been impressed with the facilities obtaining at this point All of which guarantees the handling of additional cargoesin the future. A Kecord Leading.. In connection with the dispatch of this carcro. some little record was made at local L. & N. terminals. The actual working time in placing this entire cargo on the Viator was exact y 13 1-2 hours, a fact pleasing to the captain of the vessel and also highly pleasing to shippers, whose head quarters are In New York. - The Viator, steaming into the port Saturday morning,, began working at a berth on the west side 01 the Li. & N.'s Commandancia wharf, at 10:30 o'clock. No work was done Saturday night, chiefly, because of the difficulty of securing desirable laborers on that night Beginning at the usual time Sunday, the steamer began blowing signals for pilot and harbormaster at 4 o'clock, and thirty minutes later was ready to go to sea. Athens, Dec. 31 Via London. King Constantino summoned Garret Droppers, American minister, to his palace this morning and communi cated to him the text of the Greek reply to President Wilson's peace note. The Greek note recites the suf ferings of Greece at theTiands cf the belligerents on both sides while Greece has been endeavoring to main tain neutrality. It says Greece en dured greater hardships from the war than any other neutral country and desires peace. The note pays a high tribute to President Wilson's efforts and to'the American republic Then follows a recital of Greece's suf f erings, which on account of the cen sorship it is useless to attempt to cable. The Greek government later made a formal reply which will asso date Greece with the proposals of President Wilson. ENTENTE TELLS "CONFI DENCE" IN AMERICA Faris, Dec. 31. The entente pow ers' answer to President Wilson's (Continued on Paga Eight) RAILROAD BILL MOST PRESSING Deficit, Tariff," Appropria- tion and Other ' Measures. BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington, Dec. 31. Congress re convenes today to face, a mass of bus iness, including railroad legislation urged by President Wilson to supple ment the Adamson act, and the prob lem of how to meet the big treasury deficit for the fiscal year of 1918. These salient issues must be consid ered together with the 4 annual ap propriation bills, only one of which has passed both houses. There are also many general leg islative measures and as less than two months remain in the life of the present session, administration lead ers are inclined" to view the legisla tive accumulation with despair and to feaFthat an exfra session of the new and politically uncertain congress 'will be demanded. The interstate commission commit tee will begin hearings on the rail road legislation Tuesday., Senator Newlands, chairman of this commit tee, has already said hp believed the matter sufficiently important to war rant an extra, session if necessary. ' The revenue -question-will, be taken up immediately by . the ways and means committee of the senate. Many suggestions will be -offered. Among them are a proposed increase in the income tax, restoration of the tariff on wool, rubber and coffee, and in creased taxes on liquor and other in ternal revenue. The house still has nine big ap propriation bills among which are supply measures for the reconstruct ed army and navy, and the senate has thirteen appropriation bills to dis pose of. NEW OFFICE TAKE-CHA TO flIOR New Sheriff, New County Board, and New Tax Assessor. . I :fiS IIGE 01 Miss Sophie Lamb, at right, in charge of one of Uncle Sam's bureauB, and an applicant for work. GAROAlfll joinm Fugitives From Torreon Tell of His Growing Strength.. BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. ; Laredo, Tex., Dec. 31. About a thousand residents of forreon, of va rious nationalities, fled when the Villa army recently appeared before Torreon and are enroute to the bor der, according to nine refugees who arrived today. They said half the refugees are Chinese. They also said Villa is meeting little resistance in the Torreon district where several small ' Carranza garrisons' are report ed to have, joined him. SHIP All" MOTTO WOW Tries to Keep Them From Cabarets Helps Others, Too. Seven Steamers Known to Be Due Here This Week. HAMILTON WRIGHT M ABIE EDITOR OF OUTLOOK, DIES BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Summit, N. J., Dec. 31. Dr. Ham ilton Wright Mabie, associate editor of The Outlook, died at his home here today. He was seventy years old and was born at CoT3 Spring, New York. He is survived by a widow and one daughter. Many ships are due here this week. TWe Quito and a Spanish steamship carrying the name , of Guadalquiver are both looked for today. The Petra, from Gulfpcrt, should be here tomor-' row. A Spanish steamer of the Perez line, and the Dutch steamer Wieldrecht are due probably Wednes day, while the Oswald, a steamship of about 4,000 tons, is due Wednesday or Thursday from Galveston, for a very heavy bunker supply. On Janu ary 8, a stealer, . reported as the "Dinnie" is due,. There is no such steamer listed in availably maritime records, but consignees have been ad vised the ship will arrive on that date, and that Is the name they have been forwarded. ? All these .steamers of course are coming for coal and they are all as sured of most rapid dispatch. LARGE HOTEL1 BURNS . IN AUGUSTA, GA. BT ASSOCIATED TRESS. Augusta, Ga., Dec. 31. Hampton Terrace', a tourist hotel in North Aug usta, was ' destroyed . by fire early Sunday, with a loss estimated 'at $600,000, The fire started apparent ly from crossed wires and got beyond control of the. fire department, which was hampered by r lack of water pressure, and the fr r.-e structure of 300 rooms burned ry. '.y. The hotel, recently renovated, was to open Thursday for the season. " A hundred attacHes were m the building, but they managed to escape. The insur ance is said to be $200,000. ANOTHER FIRE IN HIGH , SCHOOL-NO DAMAGE Another fire of mysteiious origin was discovered last night in the High school building on North Palafox street but was extinguished before it had done any serious damage. It was in tne corridor, among some work men's tools. The alarm was given by a small boy who noticed smoke issu ing from the building at about half past seven last night. This is the second fire in the High school build ing within the past few weeks. The police are investigating. The school will pen on Tuesday, as per schedule it is stated. : Chicago, Dec. 31. Uncle Sam has reached out his hand to the girl music student who must do cabareting to pay for music lessons, nd the am bitious young singer who must sing in cabarets and dance halls until something else turns up! They have been taken under the wing of the United States employ ment service and many are securing good positions through the federal employment bureau. "We want to keep the young music student and young singer, unwise in the ways of , the world, away from cabarets," says Mrs. Sophie Lamb, head of the woman's division of the federal employment service. "So the federal service which helps many unskilled work women and pro fessional women has extended its aid to the girls in the art world. "We are aided by the largest or ganization of women jn the country. the co-operative league of the United States employment service. There are 8,000 prominent women in thiu or ganization. Many of these women en gage entertainers for home programs or club or lodge affairs.'' The singer is nt the only girl Un cle Sam is taking care of in the big gest employment bureau in the world the United States employment service. Many positions are filled every day. The occupations of the ap plicants run from scrubbing to school teaching. The service has branches in many cities. Neither the worker seeking a position, nor the employe? seeking a worker pays any fee to Uncle Sam. SAYS fl Offers Relations That Prove Consistent Manipulations; El YEAR USHEIfD Bells Toll Then Whistles Shriek General Holi day Today. MANY SUCCEED THEMSELVES, Others Assume Office iit June by Executive Confirmation. Fifteen minutes before the hour of midnight was .tolled off at the police station last night, the great, deep toned bell in the tower announced that but a few moments of 1916 re mained. The bell tolled slowly, keep ing this up until a few minutes f twelve. The hour was struck, and then, shrieking from many steamers came the announcement that 1917 was here. Immediately the call was taken up in all sections of the city. On the bay front, whistles worked overtime, a number of bells were rung in all di rections. The din was considerably augmented by discordant auto sirens, while on all sides firecrackers ex ploded, pistols cracked, and the air was pierced with long streams of colored sparks as skyrockets flashed through space. Roman candles also illuminated many points, and the hilarious welcome to 1917 was kept up for an hour or more. Watch parties were held at many points. In some of the churches late services were held, and when these separated, auer a round of good wishes for the new year, a large num ber of people were on the street. Friends did not forget The Jour nal s telephones, and many a voice, wished their favorite paper a pros perous new year. . TodayHhe city will take a day off. Business houses generally will close at noon, a great many remaining closed for the entire day. In line with previously-given notice, the banks wjll not open for business, and the government offices will be closed all day. Mail may be received at the postoffice, Sunday hours to be ob served. The city hall will be closed for practically all day. Recently-elected officials will as- same their respective officer tomor row, among them being a new sher iff, new board of county corejnission ers, new tax assessor, and others. A. number who were chosen by the peo ple will be appointed thraagh the governor's office in due time. These will include prosecutors for itate aadtj county, harbormaster, timber custo dian, etc., but the commission sf thai present court officers will )t-xpirew for six months. There will be no change in theof-. fices of the county or circuit clerk, county tax collector, clerk court of record and county judge. Incumbents. of those offices were either re-electedi or had no opposition, in which, latter' class were Jos. S. Roberts, tax col-j lector, and A. M. McMillan, clerk ef the court of record. James Macgibbon will age in serxfa as circuit clerk; Henry Bellinger will serve as county judge. Sheriff Ellis will be succeeded by Jas. CT Van felt, and Cade E. Shackelford will be re lieved of the county tax assessor's of fice by Wiley J. McDavid. The cir cuit clerk will also have to perform duties of county treasurer, f r under legislative enactment, the cffSce of county treasurer is abolished, begin ning today. J. George White is again serving a, county commissioner, having been elected to that office without eppo-i sition. " The new members of thi board, who assume office today are: L. W. Hardy, Gus SoderSai, J. E. McCurdy and H. E. Ganrty. Re tiring commissioners aro George Da vis, M. O. Baggett, W. TTTnicy and W. C. Barrineau. W. B. Wright relieves J. II. Sher rill on the board of public instruc tion, the ether members having teen re-elected. Superintendent of Public Instruction A. S. Edwards also suc ceeds himse'f. " . . Supervisor of Registration N. B. Cook, holding the position under ap pointment, who was also elected, holds a commission from retixtng Governor Trammell, and is already in charge of his office. Mr. CKk also holds the position as city supervisor of registration and of course h' charge of both aets of books., . Senator John B. Jones will return to the state senate under the usual hold-over, while representatives from Escambia county will be James M. Johnson, who is city building inspect or, and M. O. Baggett, former county commissioner. Hamilton Wright Mabie, associate editor of The Outlook since 1879, was born in Cold-Spring-on-Hudson, N. Y., in 1846; he received his 3f. A. de gree at Union college, and Ms LL. D. at Western Reserve. After practic ing law for six or seven years, he gave it up and devoted himself to editorial and literary work. Some of his chief vorks are: Norse Stories; Essays on Books and Culture; Wil liam Shakespeare, Poet, Dramatism and Man; In Arcady; Christmas To day; American Ideals, Character and Life. DONATE LAFAYETTE CHA1EAU TO FRANCE 1 BT ASSrxnATETVRESS. New York, Dec. 31.Through the efforts of Mrs. William Astor Chan ler, John- Moffat and other prominent Americans, the historic chateau in France which was the blrthpTace of the Marquis de La Fayette, has been purchased and will be donated to the French Heroes Fund aa a memorial museum and home for orphans and disabled soldiers. - , Somewhere in Florida a Bride is Waiting for Him to Come Back A sad story is told in a letter from a Florida woman to the Pensacola police department, which is on file at the station. Her name is withheld for a-, num ber of reasons. It is about her husband, "who left for Pensacola to work on a job he was told to come and take" ahd . that's alL Newly-married, she relates how her husband had "ten thousand, ten hundred dollars in the bank, ' but can't draw it out for fear he will be recognized and arrested, 'count of killing a man," but, de spite that record, she "wanted him back with her." Police officers do not believe the man is here. BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Boston, Dec. 31. Thomas W. Law son, Boston, in a letter to Congress man Henry, replying to the latters request for information regarding the recent rumored leak from Washing ton to Wall street offers in an hour's interview to convince President Wil son of this necessity of immediate congressional investigation of stock; market manipulation of the last two! years. . ! The letter made public tonight as serts an investigation would disclose operations of a great "false news maker" aiming at "complete befud dling of the American people on the real vitals of the hour." It declares Wilson's associates are not responsi ble but that a leak" is one of a series through which Americans are "robbed of hundreds of millions" and a few people got sixty odd millions, a part of which was divided with "important people." Lawson says the investiga tion might reduce the prices of neces sities, expose the "man who said to a German give me fifty millions of margins and III end the war by mak ing it impossible for allies to finance themselves" expose his trip to Ger many and sendinsr by submarine of forty million dollars of American se curities, with a consequent smash of the mailiefcafffl ydividiag- fafpgoX- it. , - , . LEECH ATTACKING THE OYSTER BEDS SPECIAL TO TRB JOTTtNAl Tallahassee, Dec 31. Publicity has been given throughthe press of the state recently to the attack on the oyster beds of the state by a so called leech. . The presence of this enemy of the oyster was called to the attention of State Shell Fish Commissioner Hodges, who went to the oyster reefs attacked and secured specimens of the oysters and what was thought to be. a form of Jee Jies and forwarded them to the bureau of fisheries at Wash ington in order that proper investi gation might be made by the depart ment. .--' Commissioner Hodges la just in re ceipt of a letter from Dr. H. M. Smith, TJ. S. fish commissioner, ad vising of the receipt of the shipment and also that proper investigation had been made by the government and the examination revealed the fact that the forms in the oysters were not leeches, which are fresh water forms, but marine flat-worms, known as Turbellaria. The department is now seeking for some remedy to be applied for the de struction of this enemy to the oyster. DECEMBER RAIN IS . DOUBLE THE NORMAL Normal ramfalL according to the lo cal weather bureau, for this city and section for the month of December, is 4.17 inches. The gauge at the Pesa- cola station has been registering un precedented seasonal rains during the last month of the year, and with, yesterday's measurement, a total of 9.95" inches has been recorded ft Pensacola vicinity. This is a total of 5.81 inches in ex cess of normal, or more than twice as much rain as naturally expected, from past records. Under this condition of things, there Is not much wonder at Cia fear ful and almost impassable onditlcn of some of the county road. It is all blamed, however, on old Jupiter Phi-' vius. 46 WOMEN BURNED TO DEATHIN ASYLUM Montreal, Canada, Dec. 21. Forty six women wtre burned to deith in a fire which destroyed St. Ferdinand de Halifax asylum in Megastic county, Quebec, Province, late Saturday nisrb according to a report here tonight,"'