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Carries the Associated Press resort and
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READ THE JOURNAL.
VOL. XX NO. 2.
PENSACOLA FLA.T TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 2, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
II i L
m m - e
Corrupt Practice Bill To
Provide For 1 1-2 Cents
Per Capita Donations.
M M I . -
FOREIGN AFFAIRS WITH
Newspapers Must Accept All
BT ASSOCIATED PRXSaV
Washington, Jan. 1. Contribu
tions to a national political commit
Itce will be limited to one and a half
cents per capita of the total popula
tion of the United States in the re
vised corrupt practices bill completed
iji onight by senate elections subcom
mittee. It will be referred to the full
committee tomorrow and placed be
fore the senate Wednesday. Senator
Owens, author of the original meas
ure, said the leaders of both parties
agreed to expedite the passage of the
The per capita basis would limit
contributions to the presidential cam
paign to approximately a million and
a half. No individual would be per
mitted to contribute more than fire
thousand and contributions from cor
porations would be prohibited.
Contributions within ten days of
the national election would also be
prohibited. Election betting and ad
vertising odds would be made a fel
ony. Newspapers charging excess
regvlar rates for political advertising
or refusing non-hbelous advertise
roents at regular rates would be de-
nied the use of the mails for thirty
The measure further provides that
no publication shall publish gratuit
ously any political matter during the
campaign excet that written by its
own emloyes, unless the matter is
signed by the real name of its author,
and no political advertising matter
intended to influence the election
6hall be published unless marked
"paid advertising matter" with the
name of the candidate or committee
The corrupt practices till also
makes it a felony for any person or
corporatipn withdrawing or threaten
ing to withdraw patronage, advertis
ing or otherwise, from ptftlication
for purpose of influencing publica
COMMITTEE OF CONGRESS
Resolution Endorsing His Note as Expressing
"Overwhelming Desires of the People" May
Be Proposed United States Will Take No
Further Action Until Reply to Its Note Has
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Washington, Jan. 1. President Wilson went to the
capitol today and discussed foreign affairs with Senator
Stone, chairman of the foreign relations committee. It is
understood! that the principal topic was the entente's un
favorable reply to Germany's proposals.
Aside from transmitting the entente note to per
many, the United States will take no step until the entente
replies to the president's note.
If the entente note has been forwarded to Germany
yet, the fact is not disclosed by the state department.
It is known that the Germany embassy believes that
unlss the note to the president opens the door for further
negotiations, the war will go on for another year.
It is believed the president sought
no action in congress in his visit to
Stone, but it is learned that adminis
tration leaders of the senate will
sound sentiment. This can te done on
a resolution? declaring that the pres
ident's note represented the "over
whelming desires of the people of
the United States." Senator Hitch
cock submitted two such resolutions
and it is understood Senator Stone
urged him today to let them go over
pending a conference of senators.
It is understood the , president
wishes to be assured that the reso
lution, if pressed will not be rejected.
Senator Stone said he is in favor of
adopting the resolution and the
friends of the . president believe offi
cial endorsement is advisable.
TRADE AND INDUSTRY
New York, Znn. 1. -Pierre Jay,
chairman of the federal reserve bank
of New York, declared that informa
tion recently received through spe
cial reports show that trade and in
dustry in general "continue active
and practically unchanged notwith
standing developments in the Euro
pean war situation, the disturbance
iti money rates and the very unset
tled stock markets." He says short
crops and large demand caused the
increased food prices.
LAWSON IN WASHINGTON
READY TO TESTIFY
Washington, Jan. 1. Thomas W.
Lawson, of Boston, arriyjnere to
day, prepared, he said, to testify be
fore any congressional or other com
mittee in relation to any prase "of the
stcck exchange business. The alleged
Teak forecasting President Wilson's
note, Lawson declared, was only a
small part of the inside working of
the stock exchange which federal au
thorities should investigate.
IMMENSE PENSION FUND
IS PRACTICALLY ASSURED
New York, "Jan. 1. Bishop Wil
liam Lawrence, of Massachusetts, to
day announced pledges had been ob
tained for four million of the five
TnflHon dollars for church pension
fund being raised or the Protestant
Episcopal clergymen and their de
pendents. The campaign, which be
gan fast March, runs a year and five
millions must be raised by - that
time. Rev. Lawrence, who is chair
man of the fund committee, is sure of
Laws Supplementing Adam
son Law Needed Hear
ing Next Week.
BT ASSOCIATED PRE3S.
Washington, Jan. 1. Upon the
reconvening of congress tomorrow, in
terest centers in President Wilson's
recommendations for legislation to
supplement the Adams'-u law which
was enacted to become effective to
day and constitutionality -of which
will be argued before the supreme
court next week.
Representatives of the railroad and
brotherhoods and the general public
will appear to present their views at
the hearings opened by the senate
The attitude of the brotherhoods is
known to be antagonistic to the pres
ident's recommendation that congress
enact a law which will make strikes
unlawful pending a period of investi
gation of the disputes by an official
board of inquiry should mediation by
the board of conciliation fail to settle
the threatened trouble. The brother
hoods say sue ha law is compulsory
arbitration and amounts to mvolun
Senator Underwood's proposal to
give the interstate commerce com
mittee the right to fix the wages and
conditions of employment of, railway
workers will also be heard.
BIG MEET OF
Membership Round-Up To
. Start the Year's
Tallahassee, Swarming With
People, Brilliant With
Rotarians are expected to gather ta
full" force this" afternoon at one
o'clock at the San Carlos hotel, and
as this is the first meeting of the
new year, it is urged that every mem
ber be on hand. President- William
Fisher expects to "rotarily" greet ev
ery man on the membership roll at
"The January Round-Up" starts to
day. In Division No. 1, of which J.
A. Merritt is chief, there are three
teams, each of which has one denoted
captain, as follows: Team A, J. L.
Hendnck; Team B, Rev. J. H. Brown;
Team o, C H. Mann. Ten numbers
make up eaeh team, working as part
ners. J. B. Harris is chief of Division IL
Team A is in charge of Captain B. S.
Hancock; Team B J. A. White; and
Team C, T. J. Hanlon, Jr.
"Each chief will see that each cap
tain of his division is on the job, each
captain will note that at least five
men are active, each member of a
team will produce "his partner 'ot
show cause," is the word of notice
sent, out by President Fisher to all
As at present arranged, the first
heat will continue through January.
On the first meeting in February, tha
perfect partners will be guests of the
TRAINING WOMEN TO
BE CLERKS IN COURT
ENTENTE REPLY TO NOTE
OF PRESIDENT COMPLETE
Paris, Jan. 1. Reply of the en
tente allies to President Wilson's
peace not will follow the same course
as the answer to all central powers.
Great Britain and France have al
ready agreed on the draft, which has
been submitted to other members of
SHE ATTENDED THE
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
London, Jan. 1. The last survivor
of those who were present at the
funeral of the great Napoleon, has
just died in a suburb of London. She
was Mrs. D. Owen, daughter of Cap
tain James Bennett, of the St. Helena
regiment. She was nearly 96 years
old. Mrs. Owen was born on the is
land on January 26, 1821, nnd when
a few months old was taken by her
mother to the emperor's funeral on
May 9.. When the body was exhumed
in 1840 she was one of the women
of St. Helena who worked and pre
sented an embroidered silk flag which
was unfurled at the stern of the boat
containing the coffin as it left the
shores of. St. Helena.
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
London, Jan. 1. In the central
law courts women are now . being
trained to do the work of clerks.
Six women typists have been en
gaged in the scriveners' office, but
only for such ordinary work as short
hand and typewriting; engrossing is
still being done, as typewriting lacks
permanence as a record, and is also
open to facility for forgery. The en
grossers, however, are elderly men.
There are ten women in the admir
alty division of the courts. In the
prize department their work is va
ried; they keep the ledgers and look
after the premiums of insurance
payable on prizes.
ENTENTE NOTE IS
Berlin, "Jan. 1. The press version
of the entente reply was received here
yesterday, but a definite statement
regarding Germany's attitude will not
be given before the official text is
received. The document however, is
about as expected from recent state
ments of entente statesmen and while
Germany is disappointed, this country
is" prepared to carry on the war with
vigor. It is intimated the entente
note will probably provoke an answer
in some form from Germany. '
Confederate Veterans Will
Parade Ball a Gala
: . ; .
ALiving Object Lesson in Mother's Pensions
'Hill in .1111 Jil.1. w mui.jjj -..Hill, JUWJ JL. ...J. L i ni hji flu i. mW!f.Mi..ip. WWi imnynii.iLi,iiiiauniiwi 'I'Wt I
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SPECIAL. TO THE JOURNAL.
Tallahassee, January 1, 1917.
The stage is set for the grevf
inaugural, the actors are ready,
the audience is eager.
Bunting and flags in every
direction public buildings, busi
ness houses and private resi
dences. The two decorating
firms that have labored so hard
' are at last able to rest and ad
mire the result of their labors.
Governor-Elect Catts, who
with his family, as occupying
the mansion, Governor and
Mrs. Trammell having . with
drawn to' a hotel, elicits enthus
iasm whenever he makes an
The streets s ire thronged
with visitors, nd . seldom, if
ever, have there been so many
automobiles in town. They, too,
have ' been the object of the
decorator's art, and their own
ers are still putting on the fin
ishing touches, because rivalry
to have the most striking car in
the great parade of t.ie morrow
..is keen. f!,,t''.:,v ... .: .
jfejirery. ' hotel - and rooming
house in town is full and over
flowing. Another interesting feature
of the parade will be the three
brigades of Confederate vet
erans. ' 1
The inaugural ball, scheduled
for Tuesday night, will be one
of the most brilliant affairs
ever held in the state.
Russo-Rumanian Forces Be
ing Forced Back From the
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Bombardments and minor patrol
engagements continue to prevail on
all fronts except Koumania, where the
Teutons are keeping up their offen
sive, Eusso-Roumanian forces being
driven back steadily from the Tran
sylvanian Alps and Lower Moldavian
regions and allied line resisting half
way between Kinmik-Sarat and Fok-
shany. Around Bralia on both sides
of the Danube, the invaders made
further gains and in Dobrudja the
Russo-Roumanians have been forced
to give ground. East of Chambrettes
farm in Verdun section, Germans are
repulsed in a stsong surprise attack
made against the French positions.
Bombardments are heavy in the re
gion of Ypres and Loos.
The British have appointed Earl
Granville as diplomatic agent to the
provisional Venizelos government at
How's This For High?
Hats, $200; Shoes
$350 and Suits, $1,500
BT ASSOCIATET, PRXSS. .
Guatemala City, Guatemala,
Jan. 1. Exchange rates have so
risen here that the American gold
dollar, which prior to war, would
buy only eighteen Guatemala pe
sos, will now buy forty, and
sometimes fifty. The fluctuation
has been an important factor in
the disturbance of business.
Americans in this city are startled
to find shoes marked at $350, in
Guatemala currency, men's hats
at8200, and ready-to-wear suits
at from $1,000 to $1,500.
v a xvx ssr s
a, "- jr-f- $ mmtsi
Mrs. Mary OHourke, New York City widow and the six children she
Is enabled by mothers tensions to bring up herself.
By Judge Henry Neil.
Father of the Mother's Pension Idea,
Which Has .Now Become a
Law ih 27 States.
To Investigate Pensacola As
Site For Training
Major General Leonard Wood, with
headquarters at Governor's Island,
New York, and commander of the
Department of the East, will early
in January make a trip of inspection
through the south and will include
Pensacola in his itinerary.
Training Camp Here.
The department commander comes
at this time for the purpose of in
specting all sites offered for military
camping places, and in a letter to
C. E. Dobson, announces That he will
appreciate very much the co-oper
ation offered by that enthusiastic
Pensacolian in showing and proving
the best location, to be at Pensacola,
for all military camps.
"Your letter to the Honorable Dun
can U. Fletcher, U. S. senate, con
cerning a military training camp at
Pensacola," writes Ma3or General
Wood to Mr. Dobson, "has oeen re
ferred to me and your offer to co
operate with the war department is
very much appreciated.
"The question of holding a train
ing camp in the south this' winter has
not been decided. I expect to make an
inspection of the southern portion of
th department early in January and
shall take the matter "up at that
A few weeks since ' it was an
nounced in the Army and Navy Jour
nal that Pensacola was Being looked
on with favor. as a military training
camp, but the question, according to
the letter from the department of
the East commander, tends to show
that the question is still in the air
with much, it is said, to favor Pensa
cola as a point for the location of
a camp for such purpose."
LOT OF M
Members Get Down to Hard
Work to Avoid An Extra
MEXICO IS B1C
Congressman McLemore, of
HERE FOR A
Carranza Failing, Villa -Unjustly
Used By U. S.,
Here's an example oft the value of
Mary O'Rourke's husband died in
New York City and left her with six
children and no money. This state
of affairs a year ago would have sent
these children to the state institu
tions, where they would have forgot
ten their mother. But mother would
not have forgotten them, although
she would not have been allowed to
know where they were.
But the new mothers pension law
o&New york-provided $60 a month
$10 for erch child tor this mother
to keep her own children in her own
home and bring them up with a moth
er's care ancl a moCTTers' love.
The mothers' pension board of New
York City has asked Mayor Mitchel
for an appropriation of a million and
a quarter dollars for pensions for
this kind of mothers for 1917.
The mayor had an investigation
made of 100 pensioned families and
the commissioners reported that
"they could i"nd no fault. It seemed
to them the best system ever devised
for the care of dependent children
with good mothers."
TOURIST CLUB TO BE
; REORGANIZED TODAY
At 2 o'clock this afternoon, every
tourist in the city is urged to be at
the Woodmen hall, at the southwest
corner of Bayten and Romana streets,
in response to a call from President
W. H. Taylor, when it is proposed to
re-form the Tensacola Tourist club,
and it is . desired . to. have the enlist
ment and co-operation of everjpne
from the north.
Once' being reorganized, it IS
planned to meet from week to week,
and to plan for the entertainment of
all, talent from tourist and citizen
alike to be employed on programs
which will be' in charge of committees
appointed for the purpose.
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS
Washington, Jan. 1. Members of
congress, anxious to avoid the possi
bility of an extra session, are pre
pared to get down to hard work until
March fourth tomorrow.
The appropriation measure doubt
less will engross the greatest atten
tion, and the senate begins consider
ation of appropriations immediately.
The house which has already passed
five appropriation bills, still has nine
to work out.
LARGE SHIP SAILS
INTO PENSACOLA BAY
Taking advantage of the fair and
brisk wind which was prevailing yes
terday, the large Italian brig Luise
sailed across the bar and came up to a
point, opposite the island, later, mov
ing over to the city anchorage, where
she was anchored to await a visit
from the custom house officers who
was on duty, despite the general hol
iday at headquarters.
The Luise is said to be the largest
sailing ship in port. She is a constant
trader at this point, although it has
been more than a year since her last
call for cargo.
HIGH SCHOOL OPENS AT
9 O'CLOCK THIS MORNING
High school will resume its ses
sions this morting srt 5 o'clock.
Fire damage sustained several
weeks ago has Been repaired, and the
abortive, blaze of Monday night did
High school is beginning a week
earlier than the other schools because
their Christmas holidays, due to the
first fire, began a week earlier.
"I have always wanted to see Ten
sacola, and that's why I am here to
day." Congressman Jeff McLemore, of
Texas, is speaking.
Accompanied ky Mrs. McLemore,
he reached here Monday night, and is
at the San Carlos. They are leaving
tonight, as the congressman is due
in Washington on Wednesday.
"The papers all had it that this was
my honeymoon trip," said the con
gressman; "now I wonder what put
that into their head ? We wore mar
ried 'way last year," he continued,
The 'congressman is possessed of an
engaging personality and his know
ledge of conditions, as well as his
early newspaper training makes him
an interesting man to interview.
Discusses National Problems.
Discussing our international rela
tions, the congressman declared t'nat
Europe offered less danger to h".
United States than Mexico. He has
lived a number of years in Mcxi-o,
and is kept closely in touch with '
velopments there, so it is not nrve
opinion that he expressed when in
The Japanese Menace.
"We should by all means straight
en out things in Mexico and put our
selves in a position to resist aggres
sion of any foreign power that may
use that country, as a base for oper
ations against the United States
notably Japan. The longer we delay
the worse conditions in Mexico be
come, and the harder the task.
Unfair to Villa.
"Carranza is losing steadily, and
he was never the proper man fdr the
executive of Mexico. Mexico never
will be settled under hini. Villa is the
only man who has dealt fairly and
squarely with our government, anft
our government has not dea't fairly
Business is Fine.
Discussing the business outlook.
Congressman McLemore could sea
nothing but an era of continuing and
"The farmers are getting mora
nearly the value for their products
than ever before," he said.
He added: "I do not believe the
talk about immigration to the United
States after the war will be realized4
Those people will not only get better"
wages over there than ever before,
but their governments will discouraga
immigration, because the country
must be built up. Our monition a
plants will not be able to sell no mueJt
explosive, true, but you must bear?
in mind that a munitions plant is eas
ily converted to the manufacture of;
other commodities, and that many
munitions plants are indeed converted
peace product plants, which V"fll im
ply resume their normal functions
There is no reason whatever to fore
see a depression when peace is de
clared there may be a temporary
financial adjustment, but that's an.
Endorses Wilson's Peace S2tnd.
Here the congressman paid a glow-
ing tribute to President Wilson fof
his championship of peace, declaring;
the conviction that peace would result
therefrom, and that the belligerents
were simply jockeying now an! would
soon settle down to a rational con
sideration of a way out.
Enormous National Defidt.
After the Mexican situation, the
congressman expressed the opinion
that the most important matter -before
congress would be filling the na
tional deficit of $185,000,000. A bond
issue is one of the remedial measures
proposed. Congressman McLemore,
however, declared that Congressman
Garner's, of Texas, proposal to raise '
imports on a number of articles, sucbj
as wool, etc., was one that was fa
vored by many both republicans and
democrats. Also there were the Pan
ama Canal bonds, many of which wer
(Continued on Page Twtul
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