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Thundorshowers Friday and Saturday, gentle to moderate vari'bale winds. Yesterday's tempeatue. Highest, S? degrees; lowest, Tl degrees. WEST FLORIDA MUST FEED ITSELF! VOL. XX. NO. 181. THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL. FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 29, 1917. PRICE 5 CENTS. COAL PRICES E CUT DEEP An Immediate Reduction Was Decided On by Operators. CUT OF FROM $1 to $5 IS ANNOUNCED Still Cheaper Coal Expected When Mining Costs Are Figured. BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington, June 23. An immed iate general reduction of $1 to 53 a ton in the price of coal at the mine agreed upon here today by represen tatives of the coal operators. This reduction is expected to be followed by still further decreases in price after investigation into the costs of mining coal and it is probable that the government will be given a still lower price than that to the general Jroblic. Hundreds of millions of dol ars will be saved to the American people through this decision- The operators agreed to the immed iate reduction at a meeting here to day after adopting a resolution by which coal prices would be fixed with the aid and approval of the secretary of the interior, the federal trade com mission and the committee on coal production of the National Defense Council. About 600,000,000 tons of coal were mined in this country last year, and Secretary Lane believes the saving to the American people will be enormous. After hearing of the operators' action ' Mr. Lane wrote the following letter to F. S. Feabody, chairman of the coal production committee, who has DEALERS Deen m constant conierence wun me operators: - -- . "I have just learned of the action of the coal operators, and I wish to express my appreciation of the gen erous, prompt and patriotic manner I in which they have acted. They have dealt with the situation in the way ' that I hoped they would, as Irrge men dealing with a large question. They manifestly see that this is no time in which to-Consider primarily the opportunities which the war gives for personal aggrandiement. We must gain for each by gaining for all. The country is in a mood for sacrifice. It is intent upon the success of the war and is willing to do everything needed to give insurance to the world against a repetition of this awful condition. "Will you not be good enough to ex press to the coai men my appreciation of the spirit they have shown in de termining that their prices shall be reduced so that the industries of the country may not feel hampered, and wiv may uvu icci mat mtrir "Mrit is broken down by the thought this is o be a war for individual antage instead of self-protection. 1 felt from the moment of my talk to them that no body of men more truly represented those high purposes to yield to personal desire for gen eral, good than did they. Now 1 trust that we shall immediately put into concrete form the spirit of your resolution." RESOLUTION AS PASSED BY 400 OPERATORS Washington, June 28. The confer ence of 400 operators, representing all coal producing states, took quick ac tion today toward lowering coal prices by adopting resolutions authorizing their committees "to give assent to such maximum prices for coal free on board cars at mines in the various districts as may be named by the sec-i retary of the "interior, federal trade commission and the council of nation al coal production committee." The resolution giving "assent" to fixing of maximum prices was report ed by Former Governor Fort, from a special committee. He said he be lieved the resolution was entirely safe for the conference to adopt and that any responsibility as to the legality of the fixing of the prices wa put on the government, "and not on the op eration" under the terms of the res olution. The resolution after point inj out that a great national emer ge! -;y now exists in the nation's fuel 8uPp!y. and that the coal operators and miners desire to closely co-op-crate with the government, reads: "Resolved, That it is the sense of this meeting that a committee of sev en for each coal producing state and an additional committee of seven, ap pointed by the representatives of tha anthracite industry, be appointed by the representatives of each state now attending this convention to confer with the secretary of the interior, the federal trade commission and the committee on toal production of the council of national defense, to the end that production be stimulated -and plans be perfected to provide ade quate means of distribution and, further, that these cornrnittes report (Continued on Tage Three.) THINK BRAZIL ILL BE II THE SHORTLY By Revocation of Neutrality Definitely Aligns Itself With United States. CANADIANS LEAD IN AT.TACK ON LENS Germans Heavily Bombard ing Various Points Along French-Belgium Lines. Associated Press Surrmary. Although no announcement has been made as to whether Brazil will actually enter the war, by revoca tion of neutrality it definitely aligns itself morally on the side of United States and Entente. The fall of Lens under the tena cious assaults which have been made recently by the Canadians, seeming ly cannot be longer delayed. Canad ians now extended to within a mile of the center of Lens. In Belgium Germans are carrying out heavy bombardments on French and Belgian positions at numerous points. GALLANT CANADIANS STORM SUBURB OF LENS Canadian Army Headquarters in France, June 28. Under a protecting concentration of artillery fire, Ca nadian troops early today stormed and captured the German front line before Avion, a suburb of Lens. The Canadians, heartened by suc cesses gained during the last few days at relatively small cost decided to attack across the open ground sloping upward to Avion and the vil lage of Leauvette, near the Souche-s river. They met with opposition of serious character at only one point where a combination of machine gun fire and uncut wires delayed the ad vance. The attack was not intended to be pressed home at this particular spot as the ground specially favored the Germans so that the' delay did no harm. The assaulting troops comprised men from British Columbia, Manitoba and Central Ontario and Nova Scotia. By this morning's advance the Brit ish line has been carried forward to within one mile of the center of Lens. The attack was made along a two mile front. On the extreme left Nova Scotians pushed their way up the Lens-Arrsa road to the village of j Leauvette. Here they took a number of prisoners- At the other end of the line, east of the railway tracks, enemy dugouts were bombed. Their occupants be longed to the crack Prussian guards corps, the Fifth guard grenadiers, who refused in most cases to come out and surrender. One officer and twenty one men of the grenadiers decided that discretion was the better part of valor. Others are believed to be still alive in the dugouts, which will be thoroughly explored after the ground won is consolidated. At daybreak Canadian airplanes flying low over Avion saw few Ger mans there. Craters which recently were made by mine explosions at the cross roads are j ow seriously hinder ing them in brin ring up troops from Lens for counter attacks. The enemy's guns have been shell- (Continued on Page Three.) rOR $1,4 49,000,000. BOND ISSUE PROPOSED. FIX WAR EXCESS PROFITS. BILL WILL NOT MEET EXPENSE. BY ASSOCIATED TRESS. Washington, June 2S With the i revision of the war tax bill virtually i completed, the senate finance com- j mittee has considered the autnorua tion of additional bonds. The meas ure totals one billion, four hundred and forty-nine million dollars, against n?if billion, pifht hundred million. Levy in increased taxes as adopted j by the house- Senator btone pro posed a bond issue of five hundred million. The committee will reach a decis ion tomorrow, and fix the rate im posed on war excess profits ith the bonds, the bill will still fall short about three hundred million cf meet ing the year's war expense, Senator Simmons said. 1 IR BILL IS NEARLY READY Oil Machinery For Putting Draft Law In Motion Arrangement in alphabetical order of all registration cards taken in the draft of June 5, was started vester day in the office of James Macgib bon, clerk of the county exemption board. This is a preparatory step to ward the actual draft and is simplv the making of duplicates of all cards and the assignment of n serial num ber to each one. These numbers will be sent to Washington in the next few days, where those to be drafted will be se lected. Only the numbers will be used by the officers selecting the men this being done to prevent any possi bility of favoritism. When the numbers have been drawn those selected will be returned to the Repatriation and Army Purchase Bills by Florida Senators Washington Bureau, The Pensacola Journal. Washington, June 28. -The amend ment to the law creating the council of national defense as proposed by Senator Trammell, of Florida, to pro hibit any officer of the government from buying from any corporation of which he is a member, or with which he is connected, has been adopted by the senate agricultural committee as an amendment to the food control bill. The claim has been freely made that many men connected with the council of national defense and other new organizations are - purchasing supplies for the government and aro FOOD CONTROL QUESTION HAS NARROWED TO QUESTION OF PROHIBITION MAY BE SET TLED TODAY.. EY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington, June 28 The fight of congress over food control has vir tually narrowed to the question of prohibition. Senator Chamberlain, in charge of the bill, 'hopes that general speeches will end tomorrow, and reach amendments Saturday. The motion of Senator Hard wick is pending to send the bill back to the committee on the ground that the prohibition and other important sections are un constitutional. ROAD WORK BEGINS AT ONCE IF RY. CUTS RATE When three committees, one from the board of county commissioners, one from the Chamber of Commerce and one from the Rotary Club, called on Division Superintendent E. O. Saltmarsh, of the L. & N. yesterday morning, with the request that liberal rates be allowed for the hauling of gravel to make permanent repairs on the bayshore road, Mr. Saltmarsh told the committee to put the request in writing and it would be taken up with the head office, with the recom mendation that the request be granted. The rate arrangement is the first step taken by the county toward mak ing permanent improvements in the road between the Little a&! Big Bayous. Sufficient material can be obtained from the county's gravel pit, near Century, and the road working force can be used to do the work. The only serious problem confrontmg the board in the execution of its plans is the freight rates on carload ship ments of gravel to Pensacola If satisfactory arrangements can be made, work will be started at once. Temporary repairs are now being made to the road under the supervis ion of Commissioner Gandy. 1,000 RECRUITS TO BE SENT TO PENSACOLA According to announcement in the official bulletin, one thousand recruit3 will be sent to Fensacola for training, the equipment and all accommodations being ready. Pensacola was one of the few stations getting a thousand men for training, and while there are some to get a larger number, there are a great many to receive less. LIFE-BOAT OF LINER ATTACKED BY SUB London, June 28 The Elder Demp ster steamer Addah was torpedoed without warning by a German subma rine on June 13. The submarine fired on the captain's boat killing eight men. IT OR OR!? GIRL'S SLAYER IS FOOD FIGHT TALKS OF DEED clerk of the board, who will then con sult the files in his office to ascer tain the names of those drafted into service. In the assignment of numbers, those who are exempt under the provisions of the act are omitted, so that only those actually eligible for service will be liable to conscription. If, after the draft is completed, some claim exemption, their claims will be heard by the exemption board for the fed eral district where they reside. Final appeal may be taken to the president, should the federal board refuse ex emption. Already numerous appeals for exemptions are coming in from relatives of those who registered, though none have been passed upon. making such purchases from corpora tions with whom they were formerly employed, or which they were former ly or are now officers. The Tram mell amendment would prohibit that practice. Fletcher's New Bill. Senator Fletcher has introduced a bill to restore American citizenship to men who joined the armies of countries now allied with the United States. Before the United States en tered the war many citizens of Flor ida and other states joined the British and French armies, thereby losing their American citizenship. They now want to join the United States army but are barred until the Fletch er bill passes. ITALIAN BELIEVES HIMSELF AC QUITTED MORALLY BUT IS READY TO UNDERGO PEN AL- , TY HF CRIME. associated preps. Bologna. June 28 "I feel mvself acquitted .morally, but I am ready to undergo the legal penalty of my country," Alfredo Cocchi. slayer of Rutli Cruger is quoted as saying to the interrogating judge at the' last questioning of the prisoner. Yester day, however, Cocchi, according to re liable authority, sent out this mes sage to a friend: "I am guilty and I want to pay the penalty- Why spend your money on a lawyer, I won't see him." There is no doubt in the mind of anybody here who is watching the case that Cocchi has a horror of a sentence to death by the American electric chair. This abhorrence is shared by all his friends, and they, with the prisoner's relatives, are starting a fund to fight proceedings for his extradition. Meanwhile new efforts are being made .to raise the question as to whether Cocchi's mental condition is normal- 'T am not prepared to say whether Cocchi is insane or a nervous per vert," said Prof. Augusto Murri, Italy's famous nerve specialist, to the correspondent yesterday. "The pris oner now is physically in a bad condi tion and mentally weak. Although he has spoken of suicide he hasn't the courage to commit it, or to make a serious effort to escape" An examination of Cocchi's record here indicates that before he left for America he was considered an un balanced adventurer with anarchistic tendencies. He quit Italy for the Tinted States after becoming a bank rupt in his native land. Cocchi's trial is expected to take place in the Baciocchi palace. GERMAN SUBS CUT THROUGH STEEL NETS ASSOCIATED PRESS. Base of the American Flotilla in British Waters. June 28 The cap tain of a torpedoed merchantman has given naval authorities a sketch of a new type of German submarine, equipped with a cutting device de signed to release it from nets. A series of knives are strung on wire hawsers extending from bow to stern. The captain made a sketch in a small boat. Hero's High Cost! Hen $266 and Eggs $1736 Washington, June 28 Hen and eggs donated to the Red Cross by a Slav woman of Middletown, Ohio, was auctioned off- The hen brought $265; the eggs, $1,1 36. Headquarters also has a herd of cows, hogs, horses, and other live stock donated by people ho could not give money- U.S. PRESENTS SOLID FROiT THE WAR America Proves Lrhity With Which 100,000,000 People Can Co-Operate. DANIELS MAKES STRIKING SUMMARY In Money and Men We Have Demonstrated Gigantic Power. RV ASSOCIATED PRESS. Annapolis, Md., June 28. America is demonstrating to the world that a democracy of 100,000,000 persons! can wage war efficiently and with j unitv of snirit. Secretarv Flaniph ilo- ! clared today in a commencement ad dress to nearly 200 members of the naval academy third year class, whose graduation was advanced a year to provide officers for Fighting ships. "Those who prophesied that Amer ica would not go wholeheartedly into this war have been discredited," said the secretary. "Our traditional policy has been against any but voluntary military service. When conditions demanded the selective draft it was written into the law. There were those who told us men cf military age would not enroll and riots would mark the day of registration. Instead it was a day of consecration and the enrollment was lartrer than the census figures indicated- "Congress authorized the issue of two billions of bonds for the war pre paration. 'The bond issue will be a failure,' croaked a few pessimists. Their croaking were drowned by the multitude of voices offering hard won pavings as freely as surplus wealth. "Upon the heels of this unprece dented investment, th Red Cross so ciety launched a campaign to Aiise a hundred million dollars for that beneficient world-wide work of mercy. 'It is impossible,' was the comment of a few. The faith of the noble men and women with visions was more than justified when more was given than had been asked. "Congress is now engaged in writ ing a taxing bill. There is no division in congress except as to the sources of taxation and the people will pay without protest whatever it may cost to carry this war to a successful con clusion. "In tha navy and in the marine corps, the chief problem has not been to secure the man-power needed, but rather have the navy's resources been taxed to house and uniform and equip the thousands who flocked to " the standard at the president's first call, and the army is securing all the men who can be" trained. "We are going to war without pas sion, without hatred, without lust for land, without a trace of vengeance. We do not Late the people we are to fight. We hate only the autocracy which harnesses them to the jugger naut. Our victory will not only make the world safe for democracy, will not only strengthen self-government and end the fiction of divine right, but it will also bring to the German people a new breath of liberty and hope for the day when they will gov ern themselves and be no longer the pawns of militarism." FARMERETTES PLANT SWEET POTATOES TODAY Ladies i f the defense league will assemble at the corner of Reus and Garden streets this afternoon at 4 o'clock for the purpose of planting a total of 1,800 sweet potato slips, and it is expected that the work will be witnessed by a large number of spec tators. The ground has been pre pared for actual planting and if the weather is favorable, the entire lot of slips will be put into the ground. All those who contemplate taking part in the planting are expected to come armed with hoe and pointed broom handle, the latter of course to be used in forcing the potato draws deeply into the newly-prepared ground. WAR CAUSES SPEED-UP OF WAR EXAMINATIONS Tallahassee, June 28 The supreme court today adopted a resolution set ting July 9 as a day on which special examinations for the practice of law in Florida will be given. The action was taken, the resolution explains, because it came to the notice of the court that a great number of men were studying for the fall examina tions, but that owing to- the opera tion of the selective draft, may be deprived of that privilege. 1 This Is The Way They Write Baseball In England BT ASSOCIATED PRES. A British Port. Base of American Destroyer Flotillas. June V( Cor respondence of the Associated Press.) The baseball season is in full swing here. Every American destroyer has one or more teams and the two days weekly when their ship is in port are devoted to industrious practice for the "big series" which is to begin next month for the championship of the fleet. Three diamonds hav been laid out on top of the cliffs, overlooking the sea and flanked on one side by woods of a vivid green and on th other by low hedges and fctone walU all ablaze with golden gorse and field flowers- The local newspaper has made one or two attempts to report the after noon games, but the ennsors prohibi tions against the use of names of men or shops leaves his efforts somewhat flat and colorless. Here is one of his attempts: "An interesting match of base ball was witnessed yesterday by American and British officers and men. Play from start to finish was fast. I never saw the catch er muff a single ball, and men and girls stood behind him in a long line almost absurdly confi dent of the eagle-like keenness of his eye and swift sweep of his hand. "Balls were lost several tim. s by crashing into the little o-d behind the playing field. Some very spectacular plays were made and the scoring on thee mad the crowd cheer. There was rig ger in the game all through. The men who wielded the bat for the winning side did particularly good work, although the losing team also was good in this respect. The pitchers showed splendid judg ment and one of the captains made a nice hit." DANCE ON BARGES TOWED I ACROSS THE SOUND; MILI-j TARY BAND; REFRESHMENTS: j LEAVE 3 P. M. AND 6:30. I Today is a gala day for the Rod Cross, and a bay party for the bone fit of the local branch will be held at three o'clock and again at 6:30- The arrangement is one of the most novel ever attempted here and is expected to be one of the most successful. Cap tain Aiken has volunteered the use qf two tugs, the Florida and the Nel lie, to tow one of his company's ocean going barges, which has a capacity for carrying 600 persons, in addition to the space on the tugs. Through the courtesy of the com manding officers at the army and navy reservations, military bands will render dance music on the barge which will be arranged for dancing. All boats will be brilliantly lighted with electricity, and then, there's th moon, the water, and all the other necessary accompaniments of a bay party. Every precaution has been taken to make the boats absolutely safe, and thev will not be taxed to capacity. Ample life boats will be carried as well as preservers for every one aboard. The arrangement of the barges has been inspected by the government in spectors for this district, and are per fectly f-afe. Refreshments will be served aboard the boats and the trip will last sev eral hours. Should the boats return to the dock after the last car -has de parted for the bayshore, a special will be operated for those who live at the forts, or one the shore. M0L1N0 BRIDGE WORK STARTS IN FEW DAYS Signed by the officer? of the Vir ginia Bridge and Steel Corporation, the contract for the Molino bridge, which was recently awarded to that company by the board of county com missioners, was returned yesterday, with the notification that bond would be made in a few days. The contract has already been signed and approved by the board of county commissioners and its ratifi cation by the contracting company makes it valid and immediately op erative. Under its terms work must be started as soon as the contract is agreed to, and must be completed within eight months. It is expected that work will be ctarted in a few days. FOOD PRICES ADVANCE 5 PERCENT IN MONTH BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington, June 28. Retail food prices in United States have advanced on an average of five percent, be tween April 16 to May 15, as shown by figures compiled by the bureau of labor statistics, during the year end ing May 15, it advanced 20 percent. I t BENEFIT FOR RELIEF FUi i FLORIDA LEADS Only 500 Men Needed by June SO to Accomplish the State's Quota. FOR SERVICE IN FRANCE WATCHWORL Good Proportion From Thi; Part of Country Enlist ments of Yesterday. n'" recruits woi r-'ooivrd the oral army station y-M v and ue v.i the navv. Tlv p.vrac for thc wro, is well 1.5 ;i. jmVj Flo'h b-i- ''V- I in f i. - i .'niitinr n t!i ruirh. V.'erV' urvs ;-ve,vc,i . ti,. r.a' y .-at,-.n s-t-rr;r,. give coi.?p,!;it i'ou ,v: ail tioticn fop fro southern division sl-u the f;imn:iTn started. In the 22 we-ks. ot the .".8.67''; applications r?-rivo'T, Jf!S.-, were icrepted. Tic rw-r:!':n for this district i? comparative'lv hi-! bc-'ng nearly four to one. v.h-'lo in many ar,:- ; it has fallen a.-, lo as fiv-T or six to ow. Not.ficat:on was al?o received by the navy that r.o more enlistments for apprentice seamen will bo rce:v ed under eighteen years. The lower t age before was seventeen years, wlv'l-- early in the Mar, it was as low as six teen. Under eighteen, of course, pa rental permission must be obMinH. The sole remit for lh navv vt-s-ter l.iy was John V. iiiinri Com.' x-. l-n t'-.e army had Jo,- Wilar-.s. iof i ;.nd Geo. . SH'-.v;. field jirtil'-ry. Florida L?a'J;ng. Sergeant Galhreath. fo-m--Hv re cruiting officer for Pensncoli. I: t w ho had been in Jacksouri'lo. ' other parts of th" slate on t-'v"? duty, hai, been returned to W't- it '!- . ida for the remainder o: th'" -. drive for army recruits tYs Sergeant Galhreth was in P-n.-'iv-o'.i Wednesday , but ha ben sn-t to ('Vn tury, v, here he U working to f. re cruits. Pensacola and Vest Florida have hern boosting recruiting, a.v! this section of the state hold a good average. Jt is hoped, however, th it more men can be c-nli.-ted. An intensive campaign i. binT wared by the Florida recruiting t'or.s. to keep the state" lead '.',! up. In urging greater effort. tV following telegram was yrster .lay re ceived by The Journal: Jacksonville, Fla., Jur :iS. Pensacola Journal, Pensaco'a, Fla. Florida ; nearer its nuo'.n of j-wcn furnished the United State.; ari.rr than any other houthern state. C on, yon young Floridians, an i rnllv around the fla" to th numhM of noa before Juno ",0th. Yonr countrv neerU you! Fight for liberty! Your preidnt calls you! If you are rd-blooil"d Americans you will want to ioin the regulars in France. Apply to any postmaster or recruiting station. T--day i.s the day. All exnonsos are paid from the time vou apply. CLEMENT. BOARD OF CONTROL HAS BEEN SELECTED Two I'ensacolians figure in the ap pointments at Tallahassee, as an nounced by the governor. These are Prof. Armstrong, who will fill the position lately held by Hon. P. K. Yonge, and Bryan Mack, the news paper man. who will probably suc ceed John Kellum as chief clrk to the board Tins is from the Tallahassee Demo crat of yesterday. Governor Catts this mornirg a o pointed Mr. J B. Hodges of Lake City, H- Clay Armstrong of Pensa cola and J. Earman of Jacksonville, as members of the board of control to succeed Messrs- Yonge, .. Finlayson and Jennings, whose terms h'ive ex pired. It is the business of the board of control to look after and direct the affairs of the several educational in stitutions belonging to the state at Tallahassee, Pensacola, Gainesville, St. Augustine: Marianna and Ocala. It is rumored that when the beard of control meet3 for reorganization it will select a new clec to succeed Mr. John Kellum, and that it will be Mr. Bryan Mack of Pensacola. RAILROAD CONSERVATION EQUALS 126,000 CARS BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington, June 28 Reports from railroads controlling fifty-one per cent of trw country's mileage show the war board's conservation cam paign has resulted in transportation increases equivalent to adding ."5,000 miles to the nation's road facilities, and an addition of 126,000 cars.