Newspaper Page Text
.Tn?rshoJweTS Thursday and Friday. frty to moderate -winds, mostly south- Teeterday's temperature: Highest. 84 degrees; lowest, 72 degrees. u WEST FLORIDA MUST l'KED ITSELF! VOL. XX. NO. 187. THE PEN3ACOLA JOURNAL, THURSDAY MORNING, JULY 5, 1917. PRICE 5 CENTS. mm m Bill 1 m. - I I - Ik m m I IISLOSEOUIS WILL BE HEAVILY H6HT ATTIC French Beat Back Large Bodies of Soldiers Hurled Against Long Front. REPULSE COMPLETE : AND LOSSES HEAVY 'Victorious Counter Attack Drove Germans From Points Occupied. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Paris, , July 4. Extreme violent flighting was in progress all through ?tha night on the Aisne front, result ing in the rout of the attacking Ger mans with very heavy losses, the war office announces. The Germans repeatedly hurled large bodies of men against the 'Trench, attacking on the whole front Ifrom the north of Jouy to the east k the California plateau. The re hpulse of the enemy was complete. The announcement follows: TLate yesterday the Germans un dertook a powerful offensive action whlth was prolonged all night against H tftir positions north of Jouy, as far ma to the east of the California pla teau. On this long front they made violent attacks repeatedly with large numbers of their special assaulting (troops. Their efforts were directed principally east of Froidmonf farm, ."west and southwest of Cerny, north Allies and also against the Cali fornia plateau. "Tha repulse of the enemy was complete and his losses were very heavy, especially in the region of Cerny and on the California pla teau. His main assaults were almost entirely routed by our fire- At cer taia points where the Germans were able to gain a footing at the first hVj, victorious counter attacks drove them back and they were not able to hold a single metre of our 'positions. "Surprise attacks against our small posts in the sectors of Sapigneul and Vauquoia were repulsed. The artil lery was "very active in the region of tHM. 504 Verdun front)." (GERMANS BAIN BOMBS ON TOWN, KILLING EIGHT Xondon, July 4. From 12 to 14 iCerman air raiders today dropped tbombs-on Harwich, a seaport town of TEssex, it was officially announced ttodayv Eight persons were killed and twenty-two others were injiired. The text of the official statement tfdttows: . x "X squadron of some 12 to 14 enemy airplanes attacked Harwich from a northeasterly direction about 'SiOS o'clock this morning. A num ber of bombs were dropped and the latest reports state that eight per sons were killed and 22 injured. Only Blight material damage was caused! Fire was opened from the anti-aircraft defenses and the enemy's for mation was broken up, although tno low-lying clouds Tendered the visibil ity very bad. The raiders also were engaged by our own aircraft from a neighboring station. ... 'After dropping their bombs ths enemy's squadron turned seaward vi without attempting to penetrate m 1 1 a TT,a whnlA raid onlv occupied a few minutes." BRITISH BOMB BRUGES, DOING HEAVY DAMAGES London, July 4. During Monday and Tuesday bombing raids were car ried out on the docks of Bruges, by the royal service air machines, ac cording to a statement issued today. -Several tons of bombs were drop ped in all and good results observed, continued the statement which says all the machines returned safely. crvFRAL CAUSES FOR SEVEKAUHT MONEY MARKET Washington, July 4.-High prices of manufacturing , - wages and placing of the. liberty loan have caused increased demands for money and a consequent stiffening of rates in several section. The federal reserve bulletin shows conditions are generally satisiacxory, citions encouraging. WOMEN'S PARTY JAILED Washington, July 4. As a result of demonstrations before the White House, thirteen members of the wom en's party are held in a house oi at tention for hearing tomorrow on a charge of unlawful assemDiagr Eighteen arrests were made, includ- ine two men and a woman not a member of the party. THE GREATEST R FLEETS War Department Exerting Every Effort to Expand Military Aviation. THOUSANDS OF FLIERS TO BE BUILT Fifty Thousand in Aircraft Branch If New Bill is Passed by Congress. Washington, July 4. Acting in the belief that aircraft will be one of the most important factors in deter mining the world war, the war depart ment is exerting every effort toward the expansion of the American mili tary aviation service and the con struction of the great aero fleet which it is proposed to send to Europe. In order to construct the thousands of fliers that will be needed for the ser vice it is anticipated that many auto mobile and other manufacturing plants throughout the country will be turned over to this use. The construction of the American aero fleet will be the greatest task of its kind ever undertaken by any nation. The greatest difficulty is an ticipated, however, in securing a suf ficient number of trained aviators to man the machines when they are completed. If the new aircraft bill, carrying an initial appropriation of $600,000, 000 for aviation purposes, is passed by congress, as there is every indi cation it will be, the aviation section of the signal corps wil be expanded to almost 50,000 men withm the coming year. Of these 50,000 men it is ex pected that about 20,000 will be from the ranks of the infantry farm, and will be trained at once as pilot-observers. The greater part of the re mainder, it is expected, will be re cruited from civil life and will be put through the regular course of team ing. For the purpose of training this great army of aviators 24 training camps will be established at a cost of approximately $1,000,000 each The largest of these training schools will be at Camp Kelly, San Antonio, Texas. Others will be located at con venient points in various sections of the country. In charge of this huge department of the military service is Brig. Gen. George O. Squier, who, within a year, has risen from the rank of lieutenant colonel to brigadier general. It is only a little more than a year since Lieut. Col. Squier was nominated by the secretary of war to be the head of the aviation section of the signal corps. His attainments as an elec trician and mechanician and his re sourcefulness as a inventor made the choice seem a natural one to men in the army who believe in placing ex perts in charge of important details of administration. General Squier was born in Dry den, Mich., in 1865. He entered the United States Military Academy when eighteen years of age, and was graduated with high honors in 1887. He studied physics while at West Point, but later at the direction of the war department added to his scientific knowledge by a course at Johns Hopkins University, being made a fellow at that institution m 1892. He acted as chief signal officer d the third army corps during the war with Spain. For two years, 1900 to 1902, during the laying of the Philip pine cable telegraph system, he was in command of the cable ship Burn side. The work of laying the cables between the various islands of the Philippines was undertaken at great risk owing to the hostility of the na- In 1912 Col- Squier was named as military attache of the American em bassy in London. He returned to the United States later to find that what be had studied at Johns Hopkins as a theory had become a practical de vice. GERMAN SLINKER BOMBARDS PORT OF AZORES ISLES BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Ponta Delgada, Azores, July 4. A German sub marine bombarded this city today. One girl was killed and several persons injured. The forts replied. Lisbon, July 4. An American transport joined in firing at the German submarine which bom barded Ponta Delgada. STATE STARTS THE BLACK WELL CASE BY SPRINGING SURPRISE GREAT TIME I FRAMGE 0N4TH PEOPLE OF ALL CLASSES PAR TICIPATE IN CELEBRATION OF AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE DAY WITH ENTHUSIASM- Paris, July 4. The gratitude of the French people for American aid in the war past, present and prospec tive was given enthusiastic vent to day in the nation-wide observance of the American Independence Day. Ev erywhere throughout the country the day was observed with unbounded en thusiasm. On the initiative of the French government exercises were held in all the cities and towns com memorative of the two republic, and a series of patriotic lectures was giv en throughout France by French and American speakers. In Paris the cele bration was participated in by all classes. Public buildings, places of business and residences were adorned with the Stats and Stripes inter twined with the French tri-color. A feature of the day was a great popu lar demonstration in front of the statues of Washington and LaFayette. Hundreds of notable attended the public reception at the American em bassy to meet General Pershing and the members of his staff. rioting ends I E. ST LGUIS FOURTEEN HUNDRED SOLDIERS ON GUARD CARS MOVING, BUT SALOONS REMAIN CLOS ED DETECTIVE DJES. BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. East St. Louis, 111., July 4 With approximately 1.400 Illinois national guardsmen in East . St- Louis today and details patrolling the streets with orders to use all force necessary to enforce order if an attempt is made to resume rioting all danger of further trouble seemed to have passed. Aside from numerous small fires, involving but slight loss there were no disorders last night and the death list remained at thirty. The number of white men killed in the rioting was increased to four by the deaths last night of Detective Wogley who was shot Sunday night. Gov- Lowden who arrived here last night said, after a conference with members of the chp.mber of com merce, that the situation was well in hand- The governor declared that a large number of soldiers would re main under Adjutant General Dick son until they were no longer needed and that if further rioting broke out every guardsman in the state would would be sent here. Street car service which ceased at 8 o'clock last night, was resumed today but all saloons will remain closed until further notice- URGES NEGROES IN CHICAGO TO PROTECT THEMSELVES Chicago, July 4. At a mass meet ing of negroes last night, F. L. Bar nett, negro, a former assistant state's attorney, urged his hearers to be ready to protect themselves against any mistreatment. He said that a short time might see scenes here similar to those enacted in East St. Louis a;id that Chicago negroes should be prepared, to make a stand for their safety anct rights. The killing of Charles A. Maond' aged saloon keeper, bv regroes in the "black belt" on the'Southside early today brought out police re serves who took eight negro suspects into custody. Later the police fired at a crowd of negroes in an attempt to stop a fight- One negro wrj wounded. "Chief of Police Schuttler has ordered a force of reserves held at the 50th street station in the colored section, to prevent any disorder to day. FEDERAL INVESTIGATION OF RECENT RIOTING East St. Louis, 111., July 4. Fed eral investigation of riots in which thirty-seven persons were kijled, were begun by Colonel George Hunter, chief quartermaster of the central division of the United States army. The city is quiet today. A Fourth of July" celebration was called off. Saloons and theaters are closed. BIT TWENTY SHIPS WERE THE WEEKS TOLL OF GERMAN SUBMARINES BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. London, July 4. The weekly shipping summary issued today shows that fifteen British mer chantmen of more than 1,600 tons were sunk and fire vessels of less than that tonnage. , Eleven fish ing vessels were also' lost. Three Witnesses Testify Will Blackwell Had Tried to Employ Them to Help. ANOTHER OFFERED MONEY FOR ALIBI Sixty Witnesses Sworn and V Case Looks Like Will Go Through the Week. " By Thomas Ewing Dabney. Crestview, July ' 4 The state sprung one expected and unexpected sensation- in the Blackwell case to day, when it put three witnesses on the stand who swore that Will Black well had for a year been trying to get them to be his accomplices in the very crime for which he later is said to have secured his brother's assistance- The unexpected sensation was furn ished when the state called two wit nesses, first summoned by the de fense and then released, who swore that Will Blackwel had only that day tried to get them to bear false testf mony. One of the men declared that he had been offered money by the prisoner to establish an alibi- Jury Completed. Crestview, July 4 With five chal lenges left unyscd by both the de fense and the state, and 122 of the total venire of 136 examined, the jury of twelve good and true men was chosen to decide the guilt or in nocence of Will and Bob Blackwell, charged with the murder of M. M. Davis and wife on March 21, last, "the worst crime ever perpetrated in Okaloosa county," said assistant state attorney Stokes, in his prelim inary charge to the jury The Jury. Four of the jury tentatively ac cepted last nicht- were rhnllpntroH three by-the 4eferse-nd m by-the- swue. xney ar? hevnz JUaggett, K. R. Fountain, F-, C- Gillis and'H. B Harris. The finally accepted jury, with the occupations and addresses cf the men, is as follows: J. A. Harrison, Laurel Hill, farmer. N. D. Evans, Milligan, carpenter. J. E- Pryor, Mary Esther, lumber man, i R. E- Shafner, Holt, farmer. A. B. Gantt. naval stores- A. W- Powell, Dorcas, farmer- W. T..McLelland, Baker, farmer. Denton Wilkinson. Baker, farmer. J. M. Bafrow, Crestview, livery man. , J. O- Franklin,' Blackman, laborer. W. D. Locke, Laurel Hill, farmer D. H- McGowin, Laurel Hill, farmer. Better Time Than Before. Counting the four hours yesterday, the jury was selected in six hours and thirty-five minutes, or a slightly less than the time consumed in se lecting the first iurv. when ih rip. J fense used up nineteen of its twentv j cnauenges, ana tne state six of its ten- Fourteen more veniremen were to day excused from service because of preconceived opinion too strong to be overcome by any evidence that might be offered- Twenty-three veniremen in all were Hisnunlifieri for j this cause. That this preconception .is against tne accused, is an open f secret. j When the jury was finally accepted j and sworn in, Judge Campbell de clared a short recess. Court again at ii oviock, and the witnesses were sworn. Fifty-six for the prose cution and ten for the defense. Sensations Promised. Sensational revelations are prom ised by the state, which declares it will forge a chain of wirfpnee aSnnt ! the accused from which there can be no escape. All attempts to prove an alibi, it is stated, will be blasted before they have fairly been started. The principal witness for the state is of course Mrs- EMza Atwell, who it is understood, Wil V swear that Will Blackwell confessed Q the murder by him and his associaies, of the aged Davis couple, and who it is further more said, helped wash the burnt cork off Will's face, with which he (Continued on Page Two) Flag Raising and Speeches Feature Day at Mary Esther Mary Esther, Fla., July 4. A de lightful patriotic celebration of Inde pendence Day was held here today, arranged by Mrs. B. M. Starks, of Louisville, Ky. The feature was the raising of a large American flag by Captain L. J. Smith, assisted by lit tle Misses Josephine and Elizabeth Starks, during the singing of "The Star Spangled Banner." This was followed by a salute of twenty-one guns fired from a small cannon on the yacht "Mc-Jo-El," by McClellan Starks, Jr. Hon C. A. Lanier, of Montgomery, Ala., was master of The Fourth of July In Crestview, Scene of Murder Trial By Thomas Ewing Dabnev. Crestview, July 4. Fourth of July in Crestview! A pleasant grove of oak trees, bounded by two gray ribbon$ of road, a white church building and a dingy house. Benehes under the trees; a refreshment tent with mountains of soft drink bottles, empty and full- A two-mule wag on, once loaded with watermelons, but now almost empty. Dozens of automobiles parked under the trees; people eating watermelon, some sitting down, other walking about, leaning over as they bury their face inhe blushing dice, to keep the juice off their clothes. An occasional hog gathering in the rinds the liquid scrunch heard several hundred feet. For this is a silent throng; an austere gathering. What con versation there is, is conducted in whispers. No oratory, no celebra tion of any kind. The church building packed strange spectacle on this hot day. Men, women and children even babies. And tlfb throng under the cool trees shows plainly that it wishes it was in the swelter ing building. For this is the circuit court in session; Okaloosa's court house has not passed beyond the blue print stage yet, and Judge Camp boll secured the most suitable building available, well knowSy the intense interest that the trial of Will and Bob Black veil, charged with the murder of M. M. Davis and wife, would create. The dingy house, just twenty five paces from the court, was where Will Blackwell, one of the accused, boarded for nine months, his landlady, Mrs. Eliza Atwell, whose "confession" it is thought' will be enough to send the men to jail. If he is hung it will be in this same grove poetic justice that expiation should be made where the crime was conceived. But they have made their decla ration of innocence; their fight for freedom begins on this Glori ous Fourth Will they get liberty or death? ERECT STATUE TO DEAD HERO CELEBRATION DENCE DAY UNVEILING MEMORY OF OF INDEPEN TAKES FORM OF MONUMENT TO COL. CRAWFORD. Connellsville, Ta., July 4 A bronze statue of Colonel William Crawford, pioneer citizen of Connellsville, who was burned at the stake by the Dela ware Indians near Sandusky, in 1782, was unveiled here today with impres sixe exercises. The statue, which was designed by C. S. Kilpatrick, has been erected on the lawn of the Carne;fie library. The oration at the unveil ing was delivered by Ir. George P. Donehoo. secretary of the State His torical Commission. Colonel Crawford was a native of Virginia, and an intimate friend of George Washington. After servirr in the Pontiac war in 1763-4, he took up his home in Connellsville- He was an efficient officer in Dunmore's campaign against the Indians and served during the entire period of the Revolution. One of the bravest of frontiersmen, he often led parties against the Indians, to whom, from his success, he was particularly ob noxious. In May, 1782, he reluctant ly accepted the command of an expe dition against the Delaware Indians. He fell into an ambuscade, was taken prisoner and tortured to death. WORK PROGRESSING AT DRYDOCK SITE I V-l, nn iV,a -fill for -, Rnio Drv. II V! R VU IMC Xlll I V I Hi'. i ' ' - v dock company is progressing rapidly and the creosbted piling for the bulk head have arrived and been placed near the switch. The sand is thrown i high above the water level, making an immense area nearly as large as te G. F. - A. fill, just a short dis tance to the west of the larger fill. An ordinance grar;"? the com pany spur track privilege is pendi before the city commissioners, and as soon as it is passed on this important detail will be commenced. ceremonies- After the singing of "America," addresses were made by Hon. John S. Tilleyy of Montgomery, Ala., whose theme was a re-united na tion and its magnificent part in the present -war, and Hon. Fred S. Ball, of the same place, who spoke of America's place in the development of the human race and democracy. A very pleasing feature was a reci tation by Miss Bessie Prior, of this place. Refreshments were served. The pier was decorated with flags a ll about one hundred citizens and guests were present. ACCIDENT TO R. BURKHARDT D Passed Away at Hospital i After Operations Had Been Performed. i SUSTAINED HIS INJURIES MONDAY Body is Said to Have Been Caught in Machinery Where He Worked. Robert Burkhardt, who sustained serious injuries while working at the Newport Tar and Turpentine plant a few days ago. died from the effects of his injuries yesterday afternoon. The funeral will take place at Gull Point this afternoon at 3:"0 o'clock, and the cortege will leave fche cit' about one o'clock. Mr- Burkhardt resided at 412 West Government street, and was said to have been employed for some tir.i at the plant. Monday, it was repotted, his body was badly cut and bruised when he was caught in some of the mahinery, and he was conveyed with out loss of time to the hospital. His injuries were of such a nature, how ever, that, despite the skill employed, he passed away, surrounded by a number of relatives, who had been summoned when it was seen that he had little chance of surviving the ef fects of an operation which was de cided on as a last resort. Attending the funeral this after noon will be the members of Hickor; Camp, No. 21, W. O. W.. of which camp deceased was a member. LIVELY CHASE FOR 7 BLOCKS FEDERAL OFFICERS OVERTAKE MAN SUSPECTED OF FURNISH ING LIQUOR TO MEN WHO WERE IN UNIFORM. Charged with delivering intoxicants to soldiers in uniform, David Boe, an enlisted man at Fort Barrancas, wa arrested yesterday morning bv Unit"! States Marshal Terkins and Deputv Marshal G P. McMillan. Following the arrest, the man escaped, and ran several blocks before he fell into a ditch and was caught. This is the first case to be broueht against a soldier for violation of the art of May 18, prohibiting the saie or 7eliverintr of liquor to members of the military forces of the United States, while in uniform. Wearing overalls and a loos' blous over his uniform, the soldier, it is stated, procured two jups of beer anTl two flasks of whiskey from the Bir mingham saloon, and went to an abandoned shop at the corner of Bay len and Main streets. Hire he was met by several other soldiers in uni form, to whom he started to dispense the liquor, when the marshal and his deputy arrived on the scene. Boe was promptly arrested, but be fore he was taken to jail he escaped, and gave the officers a lively chase before he could be again caught. In an attempt to stop the fleeing prison er, Deputy McMillan fired his pistol several times, but failed to frighten the soldier, who was stopped only when he fell into a ditch. He was later taken before United States Commissioner Sullivan for pre liminary hearing, and the case was discharged. Boe was turned over to tbe military authorities to be dealt with as they see fit. OIMYPE DESTROYER OF BRITISH NAVY LOST London. July 4. An old-type c British torpedo boat destroyer struck J a mine and sunk m the North sea, it is officially announced. There were eighteen survivors. RUSSIA ANNOUNCES THE CAPTURE OF NEARLY 20,000 GERMAN PRISONERS BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Petrograd, July 4 In the fight ing of Sunday and Monday. 300 officers, 18,0C men, 29 guns and 33 machine, guns were capturef )y the Russians, the war office announces. CITIZENS TIE DAY OFF FO GLORIOUS 4T General Holiday in Pensa cola to Celebrate National Anniversary. VARIOUS EVENTS AMUSE THE PEOPLE Usual Yacht Races Missed, But Other Outings Were Much Enjoyed. Trnsacola took the d;iv off yester day to celebrate the Glorious Fourth, and though therp were no pu'nli.- dem onstrations, succeeded well in amus inc itself. London skies in tho morn ine threatened the jo s of th day, but it rained and cleared off into crystal clear day. As soon as tha clouds rolled back and the sun shone, the crowds of holiday seekers throng ed to the pleasure resorts to pend tho Hay, as it was yet before noon, al plenty of time to celehrate. f A'ater sports help the public fancv, all Palmetto Beach, Hayview Park ar-1 Chicoway Inn had capacity ciifwds. Jaikies and Sammies from the navy and army help the civilian populace enjoy itself. At Palmetto Beach, in particular, did the servico hoys cl-eer things up, staging a base ball game and tug-of-war, greased pole climbing, dancing and generally ent lininc: themselves, and at the san I time, everybody else. hr parties, fishing parties we're also if1 vojfue, seme leaving for the firh grounds early in the mornine. l:usi-.s was suspended Offices of the nS. county and United States were losed in observance of the day. Many lf the stores closed for the en- tire nay, hne none efternoon. remained open The yacht races which have oeen held here for several oars, on July 4th, were missed yesterday, a--, ki interest is always taken in these events. Instead of coming to this city this year, the Southern Yacht Club, at New Orleans, made its cruise tft Biloxi, and held races there. Some Pensacolians attended the meet and the entire club was invited to take part. For the convenience of the crowds, the electric company operated special schedules of cars, running every 22 minutes to Talmetto Beach, and addi tional service to Bawiew. TWO AUTOS FIGURES IN DAY'S REPORTS Two autos figured in the day's re ports to the police station yesterday. One man was slightlj hurt in tha second one report"' at police head quarters. S- W. West, who cave hi? home at 2-''00 North Tarragona street, because of insecure brakes, it was stated, ran into a street car at the intersection of Wright am) Guillemarde streets, damaging his car to some extent. No one was hurt. Jim Lusk, colored, complained that a car with an aero station number, dashed into a wagon on which he was seated, at the corner of Coyle anf Garden streets, throwing him to th ground and breaking the w agon up to some extent. Lusk was slightly hurt. TWO FISHERMEN FOR FEDERAL JURY Two fishermen, Frank Web'o and Frank Kenny, were arrested yester day afternoon by the United States marshal charged with selling liquor to members of the military forces of the Ignited States while in uniform. Both were immediately taken before United States Commissioner Sullivan for preliminary hearing, and Webb was bound over to the grand jury. The case against Kenny was con tinued until this morning, when fur ther evidence will be introduced. LESLIES FEATURES THE LOCAL 'BLIMPS' Pensacola again comes in for a large share of advertising as a result of, the tests with the DN-1, the navy's first dirigible, which was. given tests here several weeks ago. This time the medium is Leslie's Weekly, which gives its entire frontspiece to a photo graph of the "blimp." Recent publications which have given space to photographs of the balloon, and which consequently at tracted much attention to the city, are Aviation, Flying, the New York Times as well as numerous other publications.