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Thundrshowers Friday and Saturday. gntle to moderat east to southeast winds. Testerday's temperature: Highest. SO degrees; lowest, 74 degrees. WEST FLORIDA MUST FEED ITSELF! VOL. XX. NO. 202 i i PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 20, 1917. " PRICE 5 CENTS ARMY CROI PICE GIVEN fl RUDE SHOCK French Under Gen. Petain Recapture All Positions North of Verdun. GERMANS SUFFER ENORMOUS LOSSES Intense Activity Along Lines in Eastern Galicia is Now Indicated. . BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. French Front, in Franoa, July 19. The Crown Prince's army suffered one of its rudest shocks when the French yesterday attacked and recap : tared all the positions northwest of Verdun. These cost the Germans much hard fighting when they took them from the French- The affairs cost the Germans not only the 'oss of their former con quest and about 500 prisoners, but the French cut into their line aid repeated counter attacks by the Ger mans failed-to recover any part and resulted even in more losses. The Germans when they advanced at the end of June, had obtained possession of a number of 6plendid observatories. The French were obliged to delay the movement to recapture them ow ing to bad weather but continued the heavy bombardment, causing the Germans such losses that they were obliged to relieve the tenth reserve division. The twenty-ninth division replaced it, supported by the forty eighth division composed of fresh troops brought from the Russian front. . . . -It. was while relief was proceeding that the French" attackcTt, Thoroughly surprising' the enemy by appearing In their trenches while the bombard ment was proceeding- The French battalions were greatly animated- In a few seconds they ha surmounted the objects separating the armies and disappeared down the other side. Be fore the Germans could recover the I'Yench were within the third line German trenches. The enemy's dig order was so great the French were able to gather many prisoners and dashed even farther than they in tended and occupied ground on a 300 yard front of what had been French positions before the German attack in June. The French now hold all the ob servatories overlooking the slopes of Le Mort Homme and Hill 304- The whole engagement lasted only thirty minutes. The first German reaction occurred unsuccessfully twelve hours later. Attectated Preia Summary. While the world today is awaiting with keen interest the declaration of Germany policy which the new im perial chancellor, Dr- George Mich aelie, is expected to deliver in the reichstag, the military forces of the belligerents for the moment are en gaged in infantry operations of major importance only along the front m Eastern Galicia. Reports "from this theatre of in tense activity have indicated a lessen ing in the speed of the Russian drive. There has even been a recession at one point where Austrian and Ger man reserves have been thrown into the fray in an effort to stop the Russian onrush which was threaten ing to roll up the entire Austro-Ger-man line from Galicia dovn through the Rumanian mountains and plain?. Otherwise the French front in Northern France presents the most notable features of momentary in terest. Few days pass without an effort on the part of the Germans to get back some of the valuable terri tory which was wrested from them in the spring offensive, or to make local inroads elsewhere on the French lines- A new field was chosen for an at tempt of this sort last night, the first rejJIy sharp attack for some time in the field of the great Hinden- burg retreat of last ??arch oeine de-1 hvered just to the south of St. Quen tin. The crown prince chose a front nearly a half mile in extent where the French occupied a hillock to the east of Gauchv. General Petain's forces were .taken bacK at first bv the intensity of the dnve and yielded some ground in the first line. They rallied quickly, however, and drove the Germans "out of the greater part of the occupied positions- The situation in Fetrograd con tinues troubled, but the provisional government apparently has decided to take hold with a firm hand and have it out with tfie ultra extreme elements which are keeping the city in a turmoil Martial control has been established there and drastic measures seem to be the order of the day. Meanwhile the cabinet council i3 (Conti-.-.ed on Page Two.) SHIPS WITH TWENTY KNOTS SPEED NEED FEAR NO SUBMARINE BT ASSOCIATED PREKK New York, July 19. Danger from submarines is virtually non-existent if the vessel at. tacked can attain a speed of twenty knots, according to charts displayed at the ship building conference under the auspices of the chamber of commerce- The demand was made to settle the ship construction controversy and ships be con structed to make at least that speed. FOOD BILL IS COMPRISED PASSES SENATE, PROVIDING GOVERNMENT CONTROL OF FOOD, FEED, FUEL HOOVER ENDORSED. BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. Washington, July 19 The com promise food bill drafted in the bi partisan conference of leaders has been adopted by the senate by a vote of sixty to sixteen as a substitute for the administration measure It provides that feeds, foods and fuels, including kerosene and gaso line only, shall be placed under gov ernment control. A ;ird of three salaried members will administer the act. Party lines were not observed in the vote which, while tentative, was expected to end the fi4ftt for broad extension of government control Senator Kenyon's amendment was proposed as an addition to that of Senator Chamberlain, drafted by Democratic and Republican leaders, providing for control only of foods, feeds and fuels, including kerosene and gasoline. Implied endorsement was given Herbert C-Jieover today by the sen a? when by a viva vace vote it re jected an amendment by Senator Reed of Missouri to have the food control bill administered by a board of five instead of three members. Although the action adopting the amendment will be subject to recon sideration before Saturday's final vote on the bill, it is expected by leaders to stand. It is Relieved it will be acceptable by the house, in conference. The vote, is regarded as forecasting a general support of other bi-partisan proposals. Tomor row the senate expects to dispose of the modified federal licensing section and that fixing the maximum price of wheat. SIX POLICEMEN WANTED FOR AERO STATION Six policemen are wanted at the Pensacola aeronautical station, and for the purpose of securing eligiblea for the position, a civil service ex amination will be held early in Au gust to work out such a list- An nouncing the said examination the civil service board issues the follow ing: Examinations for Cops. A civil service examination for po liceman will be held in Pensacola, Fla., August 11, 1917, to fill six va cancies in this position in the Aero nautic Station at $2.32 per diem- The examination will consist of simple tests in spelling, arithmetic, leiter writing ana penmanship- Applicants must be at least 5 feet 7 inches, weight 145 or over: age 25 to 40 years. Application blanks and full in formation can be obtained from the secretary local civil service board, Pensacola, Fla.. or Secretary 5th. civil Service District, Atlanta, Ga. LIGHTNING'S HAVOC IN GREAT OIL FIELDS Drumright, Oklahoma, July 19. Several houses were destroyed and two thousand people driven from homes, when a fifty-five thousand gallon barrel, oil tank was exploded by a stroke of lightning. Three other tanks were also destroyed. START PILE DRIVING FOR DOCK MONDAY Dredging at the Bruce Drydock Company fill just west tf the G- F & A. piers is progressing rapidly, and it is expected that b;khead work will start Monday. Piling for this work have been placed on the ground, and everything is in read?ness for the work- A spur track has been laid over the fill, connecting with the G. F. & A. and other material will probably be placed soon- EW FLORIDA FISH OFFICIAL TAKES OFFICE J. A. Williams Succeeds T. R. Hodges Moves Office to Tampa. HODGES PLEASED HE SERVED TERM OUT Williams Makes Statement Extolling Predecessor. Love Feast All Around. Tallahassee Bureau, The Pensacola Journal. Tallahassee, Fla., July 18. Former Senator J. A. Williams, of Gaines ville, this morning took charge of the office of state shellfish commission er. His predecessor, T. R. Hodges, whose term has expired, was busy showing Mr. Williams all the details of the. office. Mr. Hodges sa3 ho might be quoted as saying he appre ciated the fact that the governor had demonstrated enough confidence in him not to remove him till his term of office expired, and he expected to tell fne governor so whenever he had a chance to see the chief executive privately. "I am going to spend a while here with my family now," said Mr. Hodges, getting acquainted. I have not been with them much for the past' four years. I will be husv for whn ' helping the new fish commissioner all I can." Office in Tampa. Peres McDougall will remain in Tallahssee, as chief clerk to the shell fish commission, under Commissioner i of Agriculture McBa. but the office of the commission itself will be move to Tampa this afternoon, according t the . statement of Mr. Williams' thig mornmg. Tampa is more central tof me enure coast 01 r loriaa, ne says, and. free ofifces have been offered the commission in Tampa by the state board of health. L. S. Moody will be secretary to the commission at Tampa. Williams Makes Statement. Shellfish Commissioner Williams gave this statement to the press: "Ij wish to thank Col. T. R. Hodges for the kindness and courtesy he has ex tended to me in making me acquainfod with the details of conducting office of the shellfish commissioned, and in pointing out to me the state property and in drilling Mr. Moody, new secretary to the commissioner, In the intricacies of the bookkeeping, and in many other ways. I find the state property in excellent conditions with a few minor exceptions, for which 1.4 is not responsible. The system of bookkeeping adopted for him appears to be accurate, simple and well de vised. I thank you Col. Hodges. Signed : "J. ASAKIAH WILLIAMS." SHIPPING BOARD ROW HAS NOT BEEN SETTLED BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. .. , Washington, July 18. Chairman Denman announces Tils fission as to aproving General Goethals', srTipTWij, program will not be made until tho subject is given full consideration anr! the board seeks further information he said. Further . trouble between Denman and Goethals is seen. Many believe it may be necessary for th'4 president to decide who will be in su preme charge. Denman's slrtSrVt indicates the board will not asrree with Goethals as to a site for ship building plants. SAYS COMMITTEE DERIVED NO PROFITS Washington. July 19. Replying to assertions in the senate, debate that companies whose officials are mem- oers oi me neiense councu commit-, tee profited from government shoe contracts. Joseph Rosenwald, chair man of the committee on supplies, in a statement declaring that members of the shoe 'and leather committee had absolutely nothing to do directly or imr.rectly with award of contracts, but made no recommendations. WOMEN RELEASED ON PARDON OF PRESIDENT Washington, July 18. Sixteen women, sent to the workhouse for their part in the suffrage demonstra tion Saturday at the White House, accepted presidential pardons and were released after serving two days of their sixty-day terms. When re leased the women were treated as martyrs. A dinner was given in their honor. Plans are made for continuing the picketing. i : imnznz3 i GOVT PLANS BH OF U. S. SOLDIERS $4,000 Insurance May Be Furnished Every Man Going to Europe. ALLOWANCES FOR FAMILIES ALSO But Thiss Applies Only to Stnall Class, as Single Are Being Taken. Washington Bureau. Pensacola Journal. Washington, July 18. Satisfactory progress is being made by officials of the treasury, labor and commerce de partments on the formation of a plan to insure the lives, limbs and health of every American who goes to Eu rope to engage in the war against Germany, and to provide separatio-j allowances for the maintenance of their wives, children and other depen dents. The first announcement made by the administration regarding this plan about six weks ago was to the effect that the government intended to take out an insurance policy of $4,000 on the life of every oficer and enlisted man of the army and navy in lieu of pensions. Since then the scope of the plan C 1 1 J J .... , i , . , Jms pen- wenea consmeraoiy ana tne proposition now be.ng investigated by the departments contemplates insur ing each of the fighters against death and also total or partial disability anfl embraces a plan of paying allowances to the wife of the soldier or sailor according to, the number in the family. Because of the fact that no men with dependents art te be drafted into he national array and that men with dependents are to be excluded as far as. possible from the national guard the number of men for whom s separa tion allowances must be made will be comparatively small and confined hiefly to officers and regular army nen. The matter is now in the hands of I the t war risk insurance bureau, in ! the treasury department, which is making all possible haste to prepare a bill lor submission to congress. This bureau, under direct charge of Assis tant Secretary of the Treasury Rowe, is giving consideration to the plans i. operation m the other warring coun tries and suggestions made by sorm of the large insurance companies. Before the conference of represen tatives of all the insurance companies called by Secretary McAdoo, met here on July 2 to discuss the proposition, Assistant Secretary of Commerce Sweet, with some other officials, had made an extensiva investigation of the matter and had fheirf&Kungs ready to present to the insurance men. As an expression of the attiture of the administration towards insurance for the soldiers and sailors the state ment made to the insurance men at the conference by Assistant Secretary Sweet is interesting. He said: "I believe there should be created, in connection with one of the federal departments, a soldiers' and sailors' indemnity bureau, with a competent man of insurance experience at its head? that the necessary actuarial and clerical assistance should be pro vided; that protection for a definite amount, not exceeding $4,000, should be automatically furnished to every one in the military and naval service of the United States, without regard to risk and without expense to the in sured; that 6uch insurance or -protection should cover partial and total disability as well as death; that no medical examination should be re quires1 except that necessary for ad mission into the service: that all losses should be paid in regular in- j stallmenta that all adjustments should be made with the least possible delay; and, that a limit, ar.alagous to stat utes of limitation, should ho fived for the torrection of records and the nre- j sentation of claims. - - 'In addition to the protection thus lurnished to all engaged in war ser- vice, I think the same bureau should be authorized to furnish death and casualty benefits or protection to sol diers and sailors to the amount of $6,000 to one individual, upon terms as favorable as in times of peace." Mr. Sweet then made the following recommendations to the conference: 1. That the bureau be given au- j incUra'ni- rnmnnHnnc tn-r , fran.. action of this business if expense can be saved thereby. 2. That at the close of the war im paired risks which have not become actual . claims, -but which insurance associations- would not accept, be con tinued by the government. 3. That the amount of protection to be furnished 'without cost to the insured be in proportion to the num- (Continued on Page Two.) Florida Companies Overcome That the rejection of certain com panies in the First Regiment of Flor ida, is not as" serious as it appears, is the opinion of Captain James F. Phillips, of Company I, who stated to The Journal yesterday that some of the defects can be easily over come. "The troubles of the regiment," said Capt. Phillips, "are not so great but that they can be overcome in a short while. Company 'C" at Lake City, and Company "B" at Tallahassee, can overcome their disqualifications by the election of new officers, selecting FT BEING DE TODAY WILL TAKE ALMOST 10 HOURS TO DRAW NUMBERS PLANS CHANGED AGAIN AT LAST MINUTE. t Af riATrr pftsb Washington, July 19. Because of errors in the procedure of local boards particularly in New Jersey were discovered late todav. Provost Marshal General Crowder abandoned the entire plan for the war army drawing tomorrow. The full drawing of numbers from one to between ten thousand and eleven thousand will be made tomorrow and more than ten hours will be required complete task- General Crowder said that certain boards in numbering the" registration cards segregated them by election districts and serial numbers had been assigned to a whole group for the board while cards were thus segre gated. If the drawiner was conducted as originally planned, in jrroups of a thousand, rv result would be a con siderable proportion of certain elec tion districts would be brought up for examination together he said. Stage setting for the great lottery is not changed,' being in the public hearing room of the .senate office building, members of the military committees, newspaper men and photographers will witness the draw ing. A blindfolded man will draw a capsule containing a number from the bowl, one at the time. The men announce the numbers, which will then be recorded on a blackboard One man will stir the ten thousand, five hundred capsules in the bowl while the drawing is in progress Officers in Crowder's office congratu lated themselves that the difficulty of the original plan was found tjtfy before the drawing started. 63 Numbers Missing Atlanta, July 19. In checking over the Georgia registration found sixty three numbers in one Savannah dis trict missing- The largest number in Georgia is 4491. DOG MUZZLING LAW IN EFFECT THURSDAY On and after Thursday of next week, it will be unlawful for dogs to roam unmuzzled on the streets, and owners of such canines are held responsible if their pets are found at any point in the city without muzzle, according to an ordinance which was passed on third reading by the city commissioners at a meeting which took place yesterday. The last clause of the ordinance makes the measure effective seven days after passage, which will make it operative on and after Thursday of next week. This measure has been delayed in its passage for some time, and when it was finally returned for final read ing there were some amendments suggested by the city attorney. These were all incorporated and in its fin ished state, the measure went to last reading and to final passage. The mayor is required to issue a proclamation whenever it becomes apparent that there is danger of hy drophobia, according to an amend ment suggested and adopted, and the new measure thereafter will be strict ly enforced. For violations of the ordinance the penalty ranges from a fine of ?5 to $50, and a term in prison, either or both, at the discretion of the citv recorder. I Lillian Bridge Should Be Ready By August- Barclay Work on the Lillian bridge, which is to supplant the ferry operated for so long over the Perdido river be tween Escambia and Baldwin coun ties, is progressing rapidly, accord ing to Charles Barclay, owner of the bridge, who was in Pensacola yester day on lsiness. In discussisg the progress of the bridge, Mr. Barclay stated that it is nearly within reach'of the Escambia side, and will be open for traffic about August 1- It will not be en tirely finished by that time, he stated, Can Easily Rejection Trouble mentS' "Company "L" at Apalachicola, will probably have npre trouble, as it will be difficult to recruit to full strength in so sparsely populated section. I am sure that the condi tion outlined in your Washington dis patch this morniniz wil! not affect Company I, inasmuch as " telegraphic advices trom regimental headquarters state that Company 1 has successfully passed federal inspection. It is my understanding that the company will be mobolized on August 5, together with all other units of the national guard." FMVEH5.PU CAR SHIPMENT STEPS TO ORGANIZE COOP ERATIVE SHIPPING EXCHANGE WILL BE TAKEN AT GONZALEZ TONIGHT. A meeting of farmers will be held tonight in the high school at Gonzalez to complete the organization of a co-operative shipping exchange for Escambia county First steps were Uk?n last Friday when a meeting was held at Gon zalez, and a local organization formed. It is expected that the plans will include a central committee at Gonzalez, which occupies a central situation in the county, to work with the local committees in marketing the produce. The local organizations will work directly with the farmers, and will be composed entirely of farmer? In tnis way, carload shipments can be made in cases where it would other wise be impossible. NAVY STRENGTHENED BY 3 MORE ROOKIES Three recruits were received by the navy station here yesterday and all were sent to the district head quarters at Montgomery last night. C- J- Chris who enlisted several days ago. went with them. The moving picture, "Life and Training in the Navy," was trans ferred from the Isis to the Bonita yesterday, and will be shown Sunday at Chjcoway Inn. No recruits were received at the armv station CHIPLEY GETS $100,000 PACKING PLANT SPECIAL TO THE jnrF.NAL. Chipley, Fla., July 18. Contracts have been awarded for the construe tion and equipment of the Chipley packing plant. Work is to bein as soon as material can be assembled and the plant is to be ready for op eration about October 15. The plan called for an investment of $73,000, but increases in the price of materia? brought the firure up to nearly $1 (), 000. The additional capital waj rais ed in Chipley within two hours after necessity for increasing the amount was announced. PLAN TO AID FOOD PROBLEM IN NEUTRALS Washington, July ID. Plans by which the United States may relieve Great Britain of the task of rationm? neutral countries are completed. Within a short time, it is learned, the British method of issuing letters of assurance for American exports to neutrals will be superceded by export license arrangement. WILD RUMOR OF THE FATE OF TWO AMERICANS London. July 19. Reater Amster dam correspondent says, according to his information, two Americans were shot recently on a charge of attempt ing to take the life of tb German emperor The report must be treated with reserve, he said- but unlets unforseen difficulties arise, it is anticipated that vehicles can pass them. After the structure is complete, there are many details which must be finished, and the entire bridge painted. When all is in readiness and the structure entirely finished, formal openirie and a celebration will be held. Before that time, however, the road on the Escambia side will be repaired, according to iur. Barclay, who stated that the county commis sioners have agreed to do so- PI BODID TD GRAND JURY SHINGLE GiSE jFour Montgomery Men and j N. Goldring Charged With Conspiracy. PLEAD NOT GUILTY, OUT ON $500 BOND Billed Whiskey as Shingles, is Charge Preliminary Trial in Federal Court. Five defendants. I.ec Holme. V. H. Holmes. J. C Martin, and J McGregor, of Montgomery and N. Goldring. of Pensacola uPrc ar raigned before United State Com missioner Sullivan in the federal court esterday aftrrnoon for pre liminary hearing on the rharjre of conspiracy to violate the Webb Kenyon act GoMring. and all of the Montgomery men except McGregor were bound oyer to th- grand jury, and were released on S.iOO bonds. AM entered pleas of not guilty, but no opposition was offered to the gov ernment's prosecution, which was con ducted by Assistant District Attorney G. Earl Hoffman. Evidence was in troduced to show tha Mr. Goldring had nriced shingles at various mills in Pensacola, and samp'e shingles were introduced and identified as some which had been sold here to one K P Beekwith. and shipped to th Cni'-n Lumber Company, at Mont gomery. The four Montgomery men arrived iy Pensacola yc.-tervay jrning and voluntarily surrendered to the federal authorities. SCHOOLS TAUGHT IN FRANCE UNDERGROUND BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. New York, July IS. Schools ia caves, with pupils and teat hers w ear ing gas masks, are extremes which war-ridden France has gone to edu cate the youth, says an official re port to Regents University, state of New York, by John Finley, member of the university and state commis sioner of education. Finley recently returned from an educational mission to France. Women are taking the place of men as teachers, who are called to the front. U. S. SOLDIERS AND MEXICANS IN CLASH BT ASSOCIATED TRESS. 1 4 n- j .Mission, ieas, July l. American ana .Mexican soldiers are lighting across the Rio Grande at Ojo de Aquas, an outpost on the border, eitfht miles west of here, according to re ports. Troops were rushed to the scene in automobiles Five hundred j-hots were fired. There were no" American casualties. Three Mexicans are thought killed. G. F. & A. PERMIT TO BE PASSED TODAY At a special meeting of the board of city commissioners, which took place yesterday, the ordinance grant ing the G. F. & Railway Company the privilege of constructing a sour ! track on Main street was read th j second time, and it i3 announced that it wnl be put on third reading and offered for final passajre at a special meeting to be held today. This is the ordinance granting to the railway company named a fran chise for constructing a track on Main street, connecting the main line of the company in the western part of th city with the terminals of the railroad company. At Resent the Deepwater Route is making use of the Electric Company's tracks to reach their ter minals, but recently, when such a bulk of business was offered, it has been found inconvenient at times to ua the line. It is announced that there will be no opposition to the passage as now framed, which is offered as a substi tute for the original franchise asked. 1 STEWART'S FORTUNE FOUND IN SIX BAysS Chicago, July 19 Two million and fifty thousand dollars, distributed in six Chicago banks, have been added to the known fortune of the late John Stewart, manufacturer of automobile accessories- The existence of this money was unknown to two small children, his heirs, until revealed in the probate court.