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Showers and thunderstorms Thursdav and probably Friday. light variable winds. Yesterday's temperature: Highest. 85 degrees. lowest. TO degrees. WEST FL iRIDA ML ST j FEKD ITSELF! VOL. XX. NO. 215. RAINS HALTING MUD HUSH OF THEM1JES Bombardments Continue However Preparatory to Battle When Rain Stops. BOTH FRENCH AND BRITISH MOVE ON Terrific Smash by Russo Roumanian Line Results in Capture of Guns and Men. Torrential rain, turning the battle- field into a quagmire, almost halted ! the great allied offensive in Flanders- ,At two points near Ypres the Ger- imans were successful in counter at- tacks against tbv British. This is offset in the Ypres canal sector, where the British and French ad- vanced their line3- : Bombardments continue, prepara- I tory to a recommencement of the infantry battle when the rain ceases, In spite of the heavy bombardment alone the entire Aisne resrion. the French in a counter attack east of indicated and it was predicted the hot Cerny made progress. jwave would continue until Thursday Germans northwest of Verdun or Friday penetrated the first line trenches. j From Central Illinois on the west Kussians soirheast ot larnopol has taken the offensive in an effort to prevent the northern end of line in Galicia being pushed back toward the Russian frontier- The Russo-Rumanians smashed the enemy line between the Putna and Casin valleyes, penetrating to a depth of twelve miles and captured ninety-eight guns and forty-five hundred prisoners. GERMANS PAD FIGURES ON SHIPPING LOSSES London, Aug. 1 Figures of mer chant tonnage sunk by submarines as given out by German are known to be inaccurate, said Andrew Bonar , H.aw, chancellor of exchequer, m ljouse of commons today. r HEAPS WERE FOUND ' British Front, Auy 1 A seion of defenses on the Wameton roan. taken bv the British in first rush of . Chicago, Aug. 1 Twenty-one we not be willing to go drv for new offensive in Flanders, was the ; deaths attributed to the heat were them " 6?e?e J1' fihtin dVriP h; reported in the last twenty-four! "Are we willing to sacrifice everv-night- The Germans retook it, out - hours and city health authorities pre-i thing in the country to win the war tne cnusn again uruvi- mem uuv. uerman nonies ne micK in nmuy nlaces. Bodies were found turned away fr.om the direction of British force, indicating they were retiring when 6truck down. ! j FALLING OFF IN SUB , 1ULL.J l1 1'lvA i Cjif I London, Aug- 1. Some falling off ; in loss of British merchantmen by j submarines is noted in the official : summary his week Eighteen ves-; se'of mov than sixteen hundred tons and three under that tonnage were sunk. REPORT OF ATTACK BY SUBS. ON AMERICANS Washington, Aug. 1 Details of the attack by German submarines i upon the first expedition of American ! troops sent to France became known I for the first time when the report of sear Admiral uieaves n.ouc k,. coo-,. n.nioi, Th. firt i ISA llTJL S . ftishin At r. , i jnJjLH i to be engaged. the second group 01 transpons was itiSO attasked bv two submarines, one i of which was apparently sent to the bottom by a bomb from a destroyer. Secretary I'uniels sent an uncensor-1 ed copy of the report in confidence j to the senate navay committee mem bers. which recently inquired as to truth of charges that accounts pub-i lished were greatly exaggerated. t Shortly before the attack the helm j of the flagship was jammed. The ' shin took a sheer to starboard. At the time officers others saw the Guns then opened . . . , . J J U later a periscope sigmea . ucuuu cnarge was urea uy one iu uc- bris was seen to come to the surface. the report shows. CONSTABLE S. J. JONES rftFJv with TpptONFR RETURNS WITH PRISONER stable b. J.; Jones returned Constable yesterday from Chicago, having in custouy a negro namea vmwu Brown, wanted in this county for rfen-support. Mr. Jones had a little tffluble in getting the negro, for the latter, resisting being returned to Pensacola engaged, a lawyer and tried to fight extraSTtTon- MORRIS CONFIRMED BY SENATE AS AMBASSADOR Washington, Aug 1. Roland Mor ris, of Philadelphia, was confirmed without opposition by the senate as ambassador to Japan. wake of a submarine- : , - a ot,a f a ! of school. As th hnilrlin nffprfti 5,,.t.-". lire. fceveral CiajS I ... ...:, J V, r...v,-.U sHlvmatd cKlto- fnr- V n-nrtmon in- : INTENSE HEAT CONTINUES ILL SECTIONS Was at Its Highest Point in East, Where Scores Were Prostrated. PHILADELPHIA, 26 DEATHS; CHICAGO, 21 Hottest Place in Country Was at Red Bluff, Cal., With 104 Degrees'. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. -Intense heat Washington, Aug. 1- continued today over most of the i country and was at its height point : in the east, where New York City ! at 8 o'clock was sweltering under a j temperature of 88 degrees, the high- I est recorded at that time anywhere in the United States. The highest temperature vesterday was reported from -Red Bluff, Cal , with 104 decrees. Relief bv rains was promised for tonight in the west hut in tVi eact- uttio nno-o i to New England on the east hlgtl ! areas of temperatures extended to- ,i I-. . i 1 1 ? h iuZZ V , r Palleries when debate on prohibition S,mJ SZ? ab0Vai"as resumed. Senator Calder. . the seasonable averages first speakert announced that he HEAT UNBEARABLE ; wou. vot( aprainst the resolution, EARLY AT BOSTON declaring that in his opinion it was J " j a question to be letermined by the Boston, Aug. 1. A shift of the i tates. wind to the southeast brought tempo- I Senator Penrose said he would rary relief from the hot wave here ! vote against the resolution, "regard early today driving the temperature less of its merits or demerits." He down to a minimum of 73. At 8 pronounced the proposed amendment a. nv there had been a rise of 2 degrees and the cloudless day and ', lifeless air gave promise of another j scorching day- Thousands of persons spent the I night out of doors on the common land in parks and at nearby beaches. TWENTY-ONE DEATHS RECORDED IN CHICAGO oictea tne rieatns today would ex-: ceea that number unless the prom-1 iKfV4 relief arrives before nio-Vit Af. 6 a- m. today street thermometers j registered 85 degrees and the tem- perature was rising. For the last two days the tempera- ture has reached 98 degrees in the shade and on Sundav the maximum was 97 NEW YORK CONTINUES iu snLLitN lis ntiAl claim enough votes to insure adop ' ' tion of the resolution They seek an lOrk. Aug. 1 NeW lOrkj.orl,. rtiir-n.cinr. ir. V.O Virm All Xew continued to swelter today in the hot efforts to amend the resolution failed wave which has held the- city in its i except the addition of Harding's fix grip for the last two days. There ! ine the six vear time limit within was no relief in wgh according to j which three-fourths of the states .-..j ..v.-, ......c u,v. i forced to go to work sought surface 1 -1 -j 1: r ana fievatfu lines in preierence xa bwa"8- Countless thousands spent he the parks or at the Deaes. .Late reports from various sections ??terJlt. 2cd ?' strdfy 3 Tl0Tls' Twelve deaths and thirty-one pros- trations occurring m various parts of the greater city. The minimum tern- , h of ?. n. m., from which hour the mercury again began to go up at 9 o'clock it had reached 89 degrees, one decree v- , .. : ...r. ,csucr" THIRTY-NINE DEATHS FROM HEAT IN QUAKER CITY Philadelphia. Aug. 1. From mid night until noon todav 2(5 additional . u shortly before 7 0.dock ... mornin- causej an arjT,rpt.iahlft lowering of the temperature in the vicinity. At 10 a. nv the government ! thermometer registered 87 degrees 2-compared with 90 at th -Rxwrr ' vesterdav. The skv w ; t - d stofms the same as over- reported up th; gtate j FOUR DTATHS OCCUR j EARLY IN PITTSBURG j i Pittsburg. Pa., Aug. 1. Four ; deaths early today increased the number of victims of the heat wave in Pittsburg to 24. A revised list showed that 15 deaths were attribu table to heat yesterday. It was pre dicted that the summer's high mark of 92, established yesterdav would be . at lett equalled arprobably passed I today OI tne oecK ana , nrrtArj rt mr-nr moVfr ! the structure in timp fcr thp onpninff ' ji.' " PENSACOLA, TRYIAflDE PROHIBITiO uch is Possible by Ratifica tion by States of U. S. Senate's Action. AMENDMENT IS PASSED, 65 TO 20. Measure Next Goes to Hoir and If Passed, Then Up to the States. nr ASSOCIATED PRKSS. Washington. Aug. 1. The res olution for submission to the states of the prohibition amend ment to the federal constitution was adopted by the senate bv a vote of 63 to 20- The vote was eight more than the necessary two-thirds. The resolution contains a pro vision that the states must be asked to ratify the amendment within six years- The house must act on the resolution. VERY LI VELY DEBATE FEATURES THE SESSION korc ,i, ; j i, ;mh" :f Vt number oi spectators were in the as "radical" and "revolutionary," and declared that the question was one which should be "primarily of state concern Senator Kenyon, of Iowa, support ing the resolution, said: A'hy do we prohibit the boys in the army and navy from having booze and insist that those who re main at home shall have it? When evrent her' Wkv needed to li win the war to make s;nfnro v..,., anA r..mmi hntt. spoke in support of the resolution Senator Curtis said he favored the Harding amendment to limit the . time in which the amendment could ; be submitted to the states to six j years. May Pa.s in House. Prohibition leaders in thp Viniisp must ramv tne amendment to make ;t effective ' viivtv.x. STATES MUST RATIFY SENATE'S RESOLUTION After a resolution on an amend- 1 ment to the constitution passes both branches of congress v-' the reouired ; - , - -. -. " . . two-third majontv, it is certified to the state legislatures of all -states.) and after ratification bv three- ; fourths of all the states, it becomes! ' r.nnU ... v f amendment to the state constiution. nrvriXW mill IMlTf ;ULl lliXU DUlLUIiMj prI7 rfI) Cftlflfil IVLAUI rUlV uLnUUL ... Work on the tabernacle is progress- ing rapidiy and it is believed that no ing does not retard the progress and MEN SUBJECT TO Hi. 5 X HDATT A DP rrTCFl ! Birmingham, Ala., Aug 1 Atten DlVir 1 AKu iXlfil'011 has eea calle bi" the National ; Canners' Association to an inac- ! curacy in o story sent from this city An entertainment for the members ! by the Associated Press on April 21 of Company I enlisted from Roberts- to the effect that one person was Gonzalez, or Cantonment, and for men ! dead and three others were critically liable for the first draft from those communities was given by County Commissioner L. W. Hardy, at his home Tuesday night. A general invitation was issued to the men, and manv were present. A most enjoyable evening was spent as j guests of the commissioner, who prov ed an admirable host FLORIDA, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 2, 1917. Conveniently Deaf To The Tests Of The Enlisting Officer. Evidently his hearing depended on what was said, or rather, that after hearing, he then decided whether or not he had heard it, which in either case is a para dox. He said he wanted to enlist in the army, and maybe he did, but when the ear test was made, the recruiting officer stood across the room and said in a moderate tone of voice: '99." Whereupon, it is customary for the examinee to repeat the sound, if he heard it This one did not repeat. In a slightly louder tone, almost of regular speaking vol ume, the officer said, "88." and still the would-not-be rookie re mained deaf and dumb Fearing that the applicant was suffering from cold feet rather than deafness, and was blaming it on his ears, the officer said in the tiniest whisper: "What's the matter, can't you hear me?" And the applicant immediately responded: "No,.1 IB LYNCHES II LEADER MEMBER OF EXECUTIVE COM MITTEE WHO MADE HIMSELF OBJECTION ABLE, IS STRUNG UP BY MOB. BT ASSOCIATED TRKSS. Butte. Mont., Aujj. 1. F. Little, a member of the executive board of the Industrial Workers of the World, and a leader in labor troubles in Arizona, was taken from a lodging house early today by masked men and hanged to a railroad trestle on the outskirts of the city- The body was cut down at 8 a. m. by Chief of Police Jerry Murphy, who identified it. Little in a recent speech here referred to United States troops as "Uncle Sam's scabs in uniform,." Since his arrival in Butte recently from Globe, "Ariz., Little had made a number of speeches to strikers in all of which he had atacked the govern ment and urged the men to shut down the mines of the Butte district. His record was under investigation by the federal authorities, whose attention had been called to his activities- Little took a leading part in recent 1 labor troubles in Arizona. He wrote to Governor Campbell, of Arizona, from Salt Lake City, protesting against the deportation of T. W. W. members from Bisbee. Governor Campbell replied, telling Little he re sented his interference and his threats. Little was understood to have the confidence of William I Hay wood, recretary of the I. W. . na tional organization and was regarded here as one of Haywood's confidential agents. Little was a cripple, but active and j On his body was a card bearing the ' words, "First and last warning,. Oth j ers take notice Vigilantes." ! Little was taken out of the building 1 in which he lodged by a party of ; masked men who took him avry in an automobile. He was not given : time to dress. The building is near i the Finn hall, which is headquarters i for the new metal mine workers' I union, which recently called a strike i of miners and which was frequently I addressed bv Little. JUSTICES OF SUPREME COURT ON VACATION Tallahassee, July 31. Attorney- General Thos. F. West, who is con- i mrmmit tV, ett aclcino- ohmit , certain cases that have been appealed to the higher courts, asks that it be i stated that the Florida supreme court ' has adjourned from July 14 to Octo I ber 8. All of the judges are on their i vacations now or are preuarirrg to ; take needed summer rest, as are the ; various "attaches of the court and the ' supremeT5TTt library. All attorneys : in the state having business with the ' cirt should make note of as to save themselves pondence with officials UljUlNllNu U A FAMILY EXPLAINED ! FY ASSOCIATED fRESS ill in the family of Mr. and Mrs. Martin Young from eating canned peas. Dr. W. W. Ransom, the at tending physician confirms the state ment of the canners association that he found members of the Young family suffering from ptomaine pois soning. but that it was not caused by eating canned goods- M nisiii PA ORDERED IHTOiSEHD-OFF OT Local Company Under In structions to Assemble at Armory Sunday. MAY ENTRAIN THE j FOLLOWING DAY When Military Ocupies the Armory, It Automatically Becomes Military Camp. Company I will occupy the armory hall Sunday morning and will prob ably leave Monday afternoon, though the time of departure is not at all : certain. Orders were issued by Cap- : tain James F- Phillips, commanding officer of the company, instructing the men to report for permanent duty Sunday. The order follows: Order of Captain Phillips. From C. O. Company I. To All Enlisted Men in Company I; Subject: "Mobilization: Under the president's procliamation dated July 9, 1917, drafting the na tional guard into the service of the United States, you are hereby order ed to report at the armory, at the corner of Chase and Palafox streets. Pensacola, Florida, at 8:30 o'clock, Sunday morning, August 5, for per manent duty. Men failing to report will be ar rested and tried for desertion. JAMES Y PHILLIPS, Captain, First Florida Infantry N. G. Commanding, Company I. Under the ruling of the attorney general tHat when the company occu pied the armory it will constitute a military camp, a half mile barred zone for alien enemies has been out lined, and no saloons can do business within that limit. No houses of pros titution 1 an exist within five miles of the armory, under proclamation of the president. ASSUMES PASTORATE HERE IN SEPTEMBER Pev AVivi V. M r IlvL-nin Viavincr com- ?'t it '"'rL!!;! yesterday for his old home in Char- j lotte, N C. He will spend the month of August settling his business af fairs, with a view to permanent set tlement as pastor of the Knox Pres byterian Church, at Pensacola. He will occupy the pulpit of this church morning and evening of the first Sabbath in September, and on the fifth Sunday will preach for'ilie new Presbyterian Church at Crest- view. Fla., which he organized on last Sabbath. FORMER PENSACOLA BOY WEDS TEXAS GIRL Dallas, Texas, Aug 1. In the pres ence of the. university faculty and students. Franklin Zeek, instructor in French, and Miss Louise Wadsworth an honor B. A., S. M. L, were mar ried at 10 o'clock this morning bv Dr. H- M. Wnaling, Jr., professor of the-1 ology. officiating, in the First Metho dist Church. Dr. Terry, professor of education, was best man. Miss Lu cinda Smith, of Dallas, was brides maid, and Misses Mamie Ttasberry and Louis Pendleton, of Durant, Ok7a. and Ray Burgess, were maids of hon or and ushers. The church v.as dec orated in palms and Easter lilies. The bride wore blue gabardine, grev hat and boots, and corsage of small white roses and lilies of the valley. The bridesmaid wore coral-eoloreS Georgette crepe, and carried Easter lilies. Mrs. Zeek, of Pensacola, wore wisteria crepe de chine and purple asters. The bride's father is a prominent drug man, of Dallas The couple left on their honeymoon, for Wisconsin. They will be at home September 2. The bride is accomplished, and the Pensacola mother-in-law is charmed. Miss Lucile Rice, of Honey Creek, Texas, was organist, and Mrs. Mc Ginnist, of Dallas, sang, "Birthday." DETROIT REPORTS DAY'S TOTAL OF TEN DEATHS Detroit, Mich-, Aug. 1. Ten deaths and nineteen prostrations in the last twenty-four hours is the toll at tributed to the heat wave that has prevailed here for several days. There was no indication of a let up in the hot spell- VESERUICE TH i Live Movement on Foot to Entertain for the De- .pai uii uuiuitis. ONLY TENTATIVE PLANS ARE MADE Committee May Call Today on Public for Their Co-operation. A movement looking to the enter tainment of the boys of the local tr.i'.i tary company has been t-uggested by C. Fred Schad and a number of friends of the company, and unie Mr. Schad leaves the city for a week or more on vacation today, he will endeavor to interest the public in ; providing some sort of a send-off for ! the local .oldiers. i Several friends have been talking j of this movement during the past few! days, but the uncertainty as to d; '. of departure has been the cause of holding up any decisive steps. As :t ; is very generally believed that the local company will be ordered to en-, train on Monday or the next day, the movement yesterday began to take on ! concrete shaps, and" today committee.s J may circulate amonir. the citizens for; support in the undertaking. j A tentative program suggested i : that of giving a band conceit several hours previous to the departure of the train, and furnishinjr refresh ments for the young soldiers. In the latter pait of the program everyone may help, and relatives and friends ' of the young troops may serve these ! refreshments, and thus spend the last few hours in the city with the young ' v.an- " " I A more definite program will prob-; ably be mapped out today, when sev- 1 eral self-constitute-, committeemen get together and work out so'ne asrreed-on plan. As the troops are ordered to the armory on Sunday of this week for actual service, with the probability of being ordered to entrain the following day, little time remains to provide Vnn etitertarrimenf, and the committee expects the co-o;eration of the public should they decide to ar range a special program for enter taining the boys before their depar ture. GADSDEN CO. HONORS ITS MILITIA COMPANY SPKPTAT. TO TIIR JOI'RXAt- Quincy, Aug. 1. Gadsden county is very proud of her volunteer com -' pany of soldiers, which numbers 44 ; fine young men under the leadership, of Lieut. V W.Wright. In honor of ! this company, scheduled to leave Mon- day morning, there will be a patriotic union service at all the churches Sun - dav mornincr at the court house. TTte meeting will be presided over by Rev.' enough tat great e 1 i-at ionai enter W. A. Burns, of the Baptist Church. prise in this co-mtry -u- u as the s Brief talks will be made by Rev's, tahlishmer.t -r there failing ramps Blacknell. of the Presbvteriar, Church, for young m n rcpr ser-J. should and Davis, of the Methodist Church, and bv pv-Senator Y Watson. The response will be made bv Lieut. : Wright. A special program of music is being arranged. patriotic DR. KENNEDY IS ON DUTY IN FRANCE As to the mean for doing this, Mr. According to letters received by Wier said that p-rf.aps V.e greatest friends in Pensacola, Dr- Kennedy has is in keepm r i.':v the "link between been assigned to a base hospital in each soldi' r nr.d hi- h i.nd stated France, and is now on active duty, that acronigi- : Kre :-k L. OI ru in the letter the doctor, states that j p teed, this wa? uv.f. of t .vo great at one time 600 men were brought ! est mf!vene 1-c-ivnir the r-.r-n to that hospital alone, greatly taxing: well during the Civil War. the resources of equipment ar.d pro- j Continuing, th- s; -aker -aii thit visions for caring for the wound-d. ; every kind t,f n-tar:ii re'.atio-. ! tween the rr.cn and the co::::u..:,::.- OFFICER LOCATES A STOLEN AUTO i tive participation is desired. V E. W. Fowler's automobile, stolen! might be a-ked to serve as ushers, to Monday night from its parkinp place address the Sundav School cla-.-es, in front of the Isis theater, was dis-ithe Boy Scouts (the latter would covered yesterday by Special Officer: highly appreciate having a real sol Bobe about one mile from the bridge dier to talk To'them), sometimes evert over Bayou Chico, the car being con- to preach- siderably off the road and partly hid- j "The same principle applies to den in the woods. It i3 thought that; every lodge, college, society or bnsT a party or parties who wanted to j ness association. C!ub3. settlements, either catch a late car, or who just ; recreation centers, organizations of wanted a free ride, came across the ; every sort should be opened to soi- unoccupiea ana inviting appearing j Ford, and' promptly decided to use it- The drive, however, was evident - ly done By a person knowly aTl about ( coldiers ar.d families or individuals a car, for the machine was not dam- j ir. the community cannot of course, aged in the least, it was snid. Inibe forced. They must come as a by such condition it was returned to the j product of the various social occas- owner. PRICE 5 CENTS. OIIDEiPLISllH? FOiEffiTIOIf LIT1IEILISTEDIEI ' Discussed at Meetm- Held j Under Auspices of Cham- ; oer c: twonv.v.eree ,'L. H. W1EK, EXPERT IN LINE. SPEAKS j Chairman of Necessary Com- j mittees Named, and Per ! sonncl Announced Soon. riar.s for t: ie rocre.it ic-r. of the en- listed men of the army :md navy in Ponsavoi.i were r awe at a meet in held yeter!ay morning in the Cham ber oi' (Vnrerco, which. w;ii address ed by L. H W'ut. veprosenti:v.r Vra joint rommiji-ion of tr.iinir g camp ac tivities. Mr. Wier i? here to assist in the organization of activities for the amusement of the enii.-te 1 men. a movement for which ha- a'r a !- been launched, and received the support of the city commissioners. Oiairmen of committees on spurts, educational and library, music and dramatics, social entertainment, hospitality, com me.--cial relations and m;b'i. were se lected, but will not be announced until the gentlemen have agreed to serve. Much of Mr. Wior's address was given over to an oxnlanation of the? objects of the organization, its offi cers and its work Of the last named, he said, that th-- work is divided irfcl three parts, over one of which the Y. M. C. A. lias jurisdiction. Thi- i concerned cniefly. he stated, with the establishment of buildings for recrea tion purposes, one bui!din. for e,:-h brigade. The buildings arc fuiiy co-iipped for tire or.veiie'ice nil pleasure of the iv.en. ar. ! ci-i....; books, magazine-, writing materia L-. facilities for lecture, hisrrh services moving pictures and games Five men are in charge of each building Of the second branch of the work, the speaker stated that it sought to create goo,) r-ora! conditiors near the camps) and to exclude vice and vicious resorts. This is purely a negative consideration and oncerns Usif with what should not exist, Vcit t -,f work of eciua' iir.port lm-e and perhaps even greater than the ot her two. in es tablishing t he proper ont-n-t between the r.-,e!; of the s'',vice. and those liv ing near them- The rrea'e -t larger, the - reaker said, and t itu the exp-u t i. e e Eu rope as proof, , in . : t i 1. g o'T the men m the ca-nns from normal so ial intercourse ar.u ncn aiiou and i tn ScVe '0 " the '! 1- c iris of friends and other run,-. -ins ohmry : i' wtV. ' ' has been guicb-d. T'r, ; rsu'.t - ! ho.nesi-kne depr-- -io s ' i moral and physical tone 1 vp-iir i h-!t ,; r.",l ; e ' efficient- or" :he r an as t ,,,! ;j,Jr his value as a citizen in -.ft-r 'ife : "Moreover." :-vM he spe-ik-T. commis-does rot. , orider barely avoid the wholes..' : tion of r-h;-i"al di-ens. :snd -ropn'a--ora! de terioration Amer.ca dea-iis some thing more thm that e riu.t make these men stronger in every sense, more fit. morally, i..e:i tally and phv sicaliy, thri:-. they ha-- ever been in their live-. 'or it will be said of uj that like everv .n'r.fr mtior. that, has encountered tc.- pr'.re'-m f t:ie tram- - camp, we a; !'ii,e !' It; :olu- near then f hould h-e established Churches shcuh! make th-3 so'd:.-r of their respective denominations feel not only that they are welcome, but that they are members of whom rc- aiers noL merer- as ouisi'.e.-i ant as ; participants ' "Closer serial relation; between ia& that will be established."