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Fair and Much cooler Saturday, except rain in south portion. Sunday, fair in ouih portion. Moderate west wind. Highest temperature yesterday, 74 oe grees; lowest, 55 degrees. WEST FLORIDA MUST FEED ITSELF! VXXU XJ-m 2S5. PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, SATURDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 20, 1917 PRICE FIVE CENTS. AMERICAN ANTILLES A GERMAN Seventy Lives Were Lost When Homeward Bound Ship Was Torpedoed. NAVAL AND ARMY OFFICERS ON BOARD Sixteen Out of 33 Soldiers Lost, and at Least Two Naval Sailors. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS Washington, Oct. 19. The Ameri can transport Antilles, homeward bound, was torpedoed in the war zone Wednesday, October 17. and went down with the loss of about seventy live?. All naval and army officers' on board were saved, and all but three of ship's officers, but sixteen soldiers out of the thirty-three aboard were lost. Those lost include, Walker, the third engineer officer; Boyle and O'Rourke, Jr., engineer officers. The navy men lost include Aus burn, radio electrician, of New Or leans; Watson, electrician of Massachusetts- Names of the soldiery and of the merchant crew missing and will not be learned till the muster rolls now in France, of those on board, are examined, and further de tails will be made public by the navy department soon as available. There were no army units aboard. Such officers and men of the army as were aboard were being sent home on special assignments, invalided to home or returned for v-arious resasn. The list of these will no be avail able until obtained from General Pershing. Theru is a lack of details of the attack, and beyond the fact i.iat the submarine, was unseen, and the first warning was given to those aboard the transpoar after the shock of ex plosion of the torpedoeo. Many theories are current as to how the submarine crept through the screen of destroyers, did its work and escaped unchallenged, and it is probable. The attack was made well out at sea. It took two days for the news to come to Washington, and survivors are believed to be already ashore, somewhere in France or England. WAS OPERATED UNTIL RECENTLY BY TIIE S. P. New York, Oct. 19.The Antilles is owned by the Southern Pacific Company (Morgan "Line), and was formerly in service between New Orleans and New York. The vessel was takeu over by the government as a transport early in the war. Cap tain Boyd was retained in command when the vessel entered the govern ment service- BELIEVED GERMANS INTEND TO DESTROY SHIPS OF RUSS NAVY 'ASSOCIATED PRESS STTMMART Singularly reticent is the German official communication regarding ope rations of the German naval forces against the Russian sc-adron, J which Is presumed to bottled up in the Moon sound. retrograd gives few further details of the situation. It is believed the Germans are busi ly engaged in landing troops for an invasion and conquest of the three Islands, and in attempting destruc tion of the Russian fleet. The Russian capital will be re moved to Moscow, and the civil ponulalion is already evacuating Re vaX one of the principal Russian ports on the Finland Gulf. Artillery duels continue in the other war theatres. British and French artilleries are pounding the German positions in Belgium, with the Germans answer ing the fire vigorously at various points, especially along the Menin road. . Little infantry activity has taken place, except in the nature of raids. SECOND DAY'S DRIVE IN LOAN CAMPAIGN The second day of the campaign of speeches in the theatres for the Lib. erty Campaign was concluded yes terday and is apparently meeting with much success and stimulating graet interest. 1 Br. F. G. Renshaw spolce for four minutes in the Isis Theatre last night and C. W: Lamar addressed a lartre audience in the Bonita. Others will be appointed from day to day, and the j jvork carried thhrough to the close of I campaign TRANSPORT SENT DOWN BY SUBMARINE LOAN CAMPAIGN IS GATHERING FRESH IMPETUS ALL TIME BY ASSOCIATED PRESS Washington, Oct. 19. The Liberty Ioan campaign gathered fresh im petus throughout the country in its program toward the five billion dollar goal. It is believed by the hardest sort of work during the seven work ing days remaining in the campaign the goal will be attained. The total unofficial estimates of subscriptions now aggregated one billion seven hundred and fifteen million up to the close of business last night. Sub scriptions as actually reported to re serve banks have passed the billion mark. Official figures from the Atlanta district are $9,428,000, and unofficial ly reported is twenty million. Two billions by tomorrow night is the slogan being sounded throughout the country, says a treasury depart ment announcement. Three hundred thousand boy scouts through the country tomorrow will begin an active campaign in its be half. PERSHING CABLES OF THE LIBERTY LOAN New York, Oct. 19. Chairman of the Liberty Loan committee has re ceived the following cablegram from General Pershing: "Our success in floating the Lib erty Loan will be a striking determi. nation of the American people to see the war through to a glorious finish. Reports indicate a material decrease of submarine destruction, and we will win, regardless of our enemies ruthless inhumanity.'' AMERICAN CITIES AND TOWNS TO BE BOMBARDED Washington, Oct. 19. The mes sage from President Wilson, urtnng aid to the Liberty Loan will be born aloft tomorrow by forty-seven avi ators, and eight baloonists, and will be rained down in red, white and blue paper bombs upon many towns and cities throughout the nation. MILTON BOY IN THE AIRCRAFT SERVICE Lieut. Harry L. Thompson of Mil ton arrived in Pensacola yesterday, having been assigned here to study navigation, of water aircraft. Lieut. Thompson is well known in Pensa cola, and was greeted yesterday by a large number of friends. He has been stationed at one of the fij'ing fields near Detroit for some time, studying aviation, and having completed the course in land machines came to the Pensacola sta. tion to study water aeronautics. - PRINCETON'S HEAD CONDEMNS TREASON BT ASSOCIATED PRESS Philadelphia, Oct. ID. Treason, spread in the guise of academic teaching, was condemned by Doctor Hibben, president of Princeton, be fore a groupe of eminent educators assembled here to define the purpose of th college to the state. PHELPS BE TURNED OVER AFTER TRIAL Mobile, Ala. Oct. ID C. A. Phelps, charged with aiding the Blackwells to escape will be tried here by the government and then turned over to the Escambia county authorities. IMPROVED METHOD OF CHIPPING PINES FOUND Washington Bureau, The Pensacola Journal Washington, D. C., Oct. 19 By adopting a new method of chipping the trees, discovered and proved ef fective by the United States Fcresty Service, naval stores operators can obtain about 30 per cent more tur pentinu at and 52 percent more rosiu than ordinarily got from their trees. Through a series of demonstra tions and investigations carried on in Mississippi the Forestry Service has through actual experiments proved that the earnings from the naval stores industry csn be greatly increased by chipping, the trees twice a week one-quarter of an inch high instead of the present established method of chipping one-half an inch once a week. Double chipping, of course, entaHs e-jra expense, but this is much more trr.n offset by increased returns, the report of the Forestry Service just made elable for distribution. Charging Russians , . ' f . I ( jlL'JL; Iil - , .. ' sJL- 1. - , ; ; J - This remarkable war photograph shows how the Russians took Dzike.Lani. No picture taken during the great conflict-Illustrates more vividly or accurately the actual scenes and methods of fighting: today. As customary, the infantry attack was preceded py an artillery barrage. This curtain of fire shattered the defensive works and gashed the earth with shellholes. The aUackJng infantry had to traverse this shell-ploughed ground under a fire of shrapnel and of 6 and 8-inch shells. For shelter the troops dodged ahead from shell crater to shell crater. The man in the foreground at the left is'runninp- forward, bent double, from one-, hole to another. Beside him sticks up the mussle and bayonet of the rifle of a soldier in the crater he has just left. In the foreground, in advance of the other stoopinc soldiers, appear thetang1ed remants of an entanglement of barbed wire and branches, shattered by the bombardment. GOOD BIDS ARE OFFERED FOR ALL STATE CONVICTS NINETEEN DIFFERENT FIRMS OR CORPORATIONS SUBMIT OFFERS FOR LEASING UP WARD 650 STATE PRISONERS Tallahassee Bureau, The Pensacola Journal Tallahassee, Fla., Oct. ID. New bids for the state convicts were opened by the board of state insti tutions here today, but on account of tne absence of Governor Catts, who has not yet returned from his trip to Moorhaven, no award will be made till tomorrow when a full board will be in attendance. There are nine teen bidders this time, only two less than at the first bidding when all were rejected because they were too low. It was announced that no bid under $350 per priscner per year would be considered this time. The first bids ranged from $200 to $325, but this time they ranee form $330 to $407. There are 6560 prisoners to lease, and one bid is for six hundred of them at $360, so it is certain that the convicts will be leased for at least that much. Bids for state printing will also be reconsidered tomorrow and contracts awarded. NEW LAWYERS. Following is a list of those who successfully passed the Yir examina tion held by the supreme court this week: Miss Helen Hunt, of Jack sonville, Florida; Mrs. R. G. Baldwin, of Jacksonville, Florida: Miss Julia A. Harding of Jacksonville. Florida; Marx G- Sabel. of Jacksonville, "Florida; E. Durrance of Jacksonville, Florida; T. F. Sevier, of Knights, Florida; M. R. Williams of St. Peters burg, Florida: D. W . Berry of Pensacola, Fla., S. D. Wiliaams of Wauchulla Fla. L. M. Boooth of Perv Floridffi; Florida: W. C. Kent, of Jacksonville, Florida rind Hugo C. Enstrom of St- Louis, M. states. With all additionaWxT.enee taken into account, and in they light of 1916 prices, double chi&pinsr should increase the net profit from ! that subject to co-operation from a turpentine crop of 10,000 faces by J farmers and retailers, the corner has about $450. This means an increase i now been turned in the high prices of in net profits from a fif ty-crop f ood. He said it-tail prices will not operation of about $22,000. j come down to conform to wholesale While the studies made by the reductions, and that this was a mat Forest Service show a large increase j ter for public sentiment to correct, in yields and revenue, as the result j The administrator's statement said of double chipping, not enough data ! there was shown throughout the has been secured to show the effect of the new method on the trees in the second and subsequent years, al though the investigations "the first year show the double chipping causes a somewhat greater drain on the vitality of th trees than the or dinary methods. Many lumber com panies, however, tap their lumber two or three years before cutting and frequently onlv one vear before cutting, in which cases double chip - ing would be especially advantage ' ous. i Crawl From Shell Hole to Shell Hole 56 OUT OF 75 MEN FOUND FIT AND WERE ACCEPTED much progress made in physical examination of youths Summoned in-third draft in escambia county. Great progress was made in the physical examination of the men called in the third draft in this coun ty yesterday, as three physicians came to the aid of Dr. Andress and a total of 75 men were examined, 56 of whom were found physically fit. and accepted for service. It is hoped that other physicians will assist in the work, as it is im possible for one man to complete the examinations on time. Other men will report today, and the work will be continued until all are examined. Following is a list of those who passed the examinations yesterday: Albert Nelson, Jim Hoderes, Hiram White. Lester Wells, A. Hubbard. G. V. S. Cobb, H. M. Thomas, Wesley Johnson, Willie Jones, Patrick Bird, Jr., W. M. P. Bowman, G. A. Oliver, R. G. S. Campbell, Ernest Taylor, W. M. Palmes, Willie Jack son. John Gibson, A. Lempkins, Ter rell B. Kebb, J. B. Jones. Earl E. Gordon, Wm. R. Davis, Henry D. Neal, Ira L. Smith, Willie King, F. M. McCurdy, Willie Kew, D. E. Jones, Peter Stamoles, J. W. Wil liams, James M. Balkan, W. E. Gumery. Raymond Campbell, Enshaw Gibb3, Wm. McDuffie, John Creigh ton, Raymond Vaughn, W. M. E. Fillingim, Joe Daniels, W- Arnold, R. E. Lowrey, Leslie Lindsey, T. L. Sinnott, B. Mc Wilson, Geo. Brown. Jessie Wright, J. F. Palmes. E. C. Mimms, Thomas Thomas, Eugene N. Palmer. Paul W. Moore. Julian R. Henderson, J. A. Odom, Eli Meharg, Henry Gibson, J. D. Mackey, Jr. FOOD PRICES SHOW A FALLING TENDENCY Washington. Oct. 18. Food Ad minist'-ator Hoover, has announced country a large reduction in the price of flour since August. The bean harvest tms year is nearly double that of last year, and an abundant supply is promised. The corn crop is nearly seven hundred million bushels in excess of last year's crop. Beef i. heady shows some tendency to ward a reduction in wholesale prices. Regard :nt: the potato, the price is a little hirher now, because some are holding for higher prices later on. The crop has greatly increased in quantity. CERTIFICATES MUST BE SHOWN BY FISHERMEN ACT HITHERTO APPLICABLE TO SAILORS. TO FOREIGN PORTS -'is extendep: tgl INCLUDE. MEN IN LOCAL FLEETS. Business was rushing In the United States custom house at this point yesterday, for a steady stream of fishermen and men who work on coast vessels were seeking what i3 j known as certificates of American seamen. This is a sort of a pass port which up to now had been ap- plicable only to those Americans bound for foreign ports, aow n lsjceived to noon today, being applied to American seamen, Reports received by the committee and this accounted for the crowd in j VPSterday from Forts Barrancas 'and the corridors of the federal build- pjcfcens and the Aeronautic Station, ing during the day. indicate that the contmt which is on All men leaving port, it is claimed between the armv and navy is wax will have to bTe provided with a sort j jnp: warnl and that the final report of a passport, with the latest photo-. f rom the two branches of the service graph of the holder thereof, attach-1 wjh indicate that a much greater in ed. This will have to be shown up. terest is heirtr taken in the second on demand, it is said, and unless it ; issue of bonds by the soldiers and is shown, and when demanded, it will j student aviation, even than on the probably mean some considerable inconvenience for the unfortunate so unprovided. Practically all fishermen who have been going "to the snapper banks for years will have to be provided with such certificates, and a case in point came to light yesteraay wnicn gives T an idea of the thorough application of the law. A fishing smack, under command of Captain Johnson, ar rived a day or two ago. for bait, the smack hailing from Mobile. Before this vessel could proceed to the snap per banks, it was necessary to have the crew provided with the certifi. cates, and this was done early in the afternoon. ''It is sure a rushing business for the photographer," said one fisher man yesterday. "It is the first time in my life that I have had a picture taken, but we must all do - our bit and this little consideration for Uncle Sam is one of ours, even if we never faced the camera before.'' The act jroes further in its appli cation, in that anyone who goes be. yond the bar on a fishing trip, even for a day over to th snapper banks will have to show a certificate when called upon. Local fishermen, there fore, who contemplate taking a day or more than a day in the gulf, should see to it that they are proper ly certificated before crossing the bar. PREPARE FOR FROST ON SUNDAY IS FORECAST "Prepare for frost Sunday rnorn ng," is the warning issued by the lo cal weather observer, and printed on hi3 map issued Friday morning. The forecast was for "Rain this (Friday) afternoon, faie and much colder to night with temperatures falling to about fifty degrees. Saturday fair and decidedly colder. Fresh north west winds diminishing to light Fri day night." In bis general resume of the L & I. TAKES SUOOBOiS I PENSACOLA Railroad Company Appor tions Large Block of Pur chase in Local Office. PURCHASE TOTAL OF $6,000,000 President fytelone of Amer ican Nat'l Wires Congratu lations to M. H. Smith. Instead of purchasing Liberty Bonds through the central office at Louisville, as in the first campaign, the L. & N. railroad announced yes terday that its total subscription would be divided amonjt the stations along its entire line, in proportion to their size. Under this plan, Mil ton H. Smith, president of the road yesterday authorized the American National Bank to purchase locally $90,000 worth of the new bonds- His telegraphic instructions were as fol lows: "To American National Bank, Pensacola, Fla. "You are authorized to place on behalf of the Louisville and Nashville railroad company a subscription for the second Liberty Loan Bonds of ninety thousand dollars, this being a proportion of the company's .total subscription of six million dollars. M. H. SMITH. "President." In reply to Mr. Smith's telegram, E. R. Malone, president of the bank sent the following: Your telegram received. Your action is very much appreciated in Pensacola and vicinity, not onlv as to your total subscription of six mil lion dollars, but also appreciate your giving Pensacola her proportion to place. E. It. MALONE. The local committee expects all of the sub-committees which are solicit ing purchasers of bond to report to headquarters, Room 205 American National Bank building, by noon to day all subscriptions secured by them, for the reason that the' central committee at Atlanta has asked the local for a full report to be sent by i tele h of rU subscriptions re first issue- RALLY DAY AT THE GADSDEN METHODIST Gadsden Street Methodist Sunday school will observe tomorrow as RaL ly Day. Appropriate exercises will be rendered and all pupils as well as friends erenerally are urged to be present. Those who have been more or less irregular in attendance are especially ursred to be present on this occasion. The officials and teachers are hoping to roll up an attendance of three hundred and fifty. Every one will find a cordial welcome. GULF COAST FAIR TO OPEN AT MOBILE Mobile, Ala., Oct. 19. On the eve 'of the opening day of the Gulf Coast ! Fair, all indications are that it will be far better than any of its prede cessors. During theh last week, and particularly the last three daws, ex hibits of various, kinds have been ar riving and the fair grounds present a lively appearance- The entries of live stock of all kinds are unusually large, while the agricultural, horti cultural, manufacturing and other ex hibits are said to be better than those of any other year. weather the observer notes that "a portion of the cold western hi;ch has moved to northwest Texas and part remains in Nevada; this has caused freezing temperatures to reach north central Texas and western Arkansas and clearing weather with tempera ture of 40 degrees at 7 a- m. north west portions of Mississippi and Louisiana. Temperatures below 20 degrees are reported from Nebraska and portions of South Dakota and Eouthern Utah." LOST, STRAYED M SOARING-H KITE BALL00I Aeronautic Station Deprived of Air Craft by Stiff Northwest Winds. BLOWN TO SEA, IS OFFICIAL REPORT Bag Was Being Inflated When It Escaped From Net and Shot Upward. One of the big Irito balloons from the aeronautic station escaped early yesterday morning, ascended several thousand feet, and was blown out tc sea, impelled by the brisk northwesl wind, according to official announce ment made yesterday at the aero nautic station. The craft was of a type used foi observation purposes, and is usually anchored securely to the earth witll a steel cable, which can be shortened or lengthened at will. It was being prepared for some work at the sta tion, and the great bag had just been inflated to capacity, when it escaped from the network to which the basket is attached, and shot upwards out of sight. The local weather bureau was im mediately notified, and Observer Reed sent out messages to other stations along the coast, urging them to keep watch for the balloon. At the time of the escape, the wind was from the northwest, and unless it veered off the coast, the balloon will probably be carried over the peninsular, and if a leak starts or if it turns over may land in Southern Florida. This is the third accident of its kind since the establishment of the station here, though in both of the other cases the balloons have been recovered. The first escape was in April, 1916, when a large kite balloon, similar in every respect to the pres ent vagabond, slipped its moorings early one morning and journeyed over to Argyle, a small town 85 miles east of Pensacola. It was damaged when it landed by contact with trees, and was cut in several places by the inquisitive residents, who wished ta see what it was made of. The second mishap occurred sev eral months ago when one of the smaller free balloons was being pre pared for a flight, and escaped from its attendants, earring eight thous and feet aloft, with one of the bal. loonists swinging beneath it on ths end of a rope. The basket was not attached, and the single unwilling occupant dangled between earth and sky, until he finally released the gas valve, and brought the bag down with a tremendous splash into Pensacola bay. Following is the Associated Press dispatch on the runaway craft: Station Notified. Jacksonville, Fla., Oct. 19. -According to messages received this af ternoon by the local weather bureau, one of the big naval kite balloons used at the naval aero training sta tion at Pensacola, broke loose from ita moorings at the Pensacola navy yard this morning and headed toward Jacksonville. Weather bureau offi cials have been urged to maintain a sharp lookout. MEETING DECLARED OFF ACCOUNT COLD Owing to the unusually cold weath. er last night, the open air mass meeting which was scheduled to be heM in Mallory Court for the pur pose of boosting the Liberty Loan campaign was postponed until a later date, definite announcement to be made later. Though the weather was clear, the theremometer started to drop about four o'clock, and about nightfall was sufficiently chilly to make an open air meeting unpleasant. As aft few attended, it was decided not to go to the First Methodist Church, but wait for more favorable condi tions. The naval band was on hand, and a program of thirteen speakers had been arranged to make four minute talks. Later in the evening, and after the meeting had been declared off, Hon. W. H. Watson addressed an audience at the Isis theatre in support of th Liberty Loan campaign.