Newspaper Page Text
Felr Tuesday, except local ratna on the
east coast. Wednesday, fair- moderate
Highest temperature yesterday, 67 de
grees lowest, 60 degrees.
WEST FLORIDA MUST
. , . FEED ITSELF J
VOL. XX. NO. 302.
PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, TUESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 6, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
TAl II - II " . II II -irii
Invaders Have Succeeded in
Crossing the Taglia-
ROME AESMITS A
Cadorna, It Is Forecasted,
May Decide Upon Aban
donment of Late Line.
'"' ASSOCIATED PRESS SUMMARY
- Italy's f ituntion appears increas
ingly grave today, with the announce
V rrent from .Rome that the Taglia-
in onto river, west of which General
Cadorna oad established his new line
after the general1 retreat from the
Isonzo, had been crossed, by the Aus-?
tro-Germnn inv aaers. ,
The" crossing of the river appar
ently has not jet been in sufficient
.forca to compel Cadorna to decide
upon' nbarivionh-!tnt of the' Taglia-
lucnto line; but the Teutonic com-n-,ander
undoubt edly will make the
most of the"- opening he has forced to
debouch, rgainst the Italian positions
' north-.-ind south of the point where
he has famed a footing on the west
bunk of the stream.
.That tbir process is already under
- way is indicated by the fact that
' Home telis of increasing Austro-Ger-
r:an pressure against the Italian lets
. wing, where the. crossing- was ef-
vicfted.: .: i
The spot selected by the enemy for
'the s successful attempt near Pin
scano, about 40 miles from the mouth
of the river and about 17 miles norch
west of Udine was at a point when
the marshy ground encountered fur
ther to the south begins to disappear,
the banks rising perceptibly and the
river narrowing down.
If General Cadorna decides to aban
don, the Tagliamento line, at which
it is by no means certain that he it
.tended to fight more than a delay
. insr action. h:s next natural stand for
the defense of Venice will be at the J
Livcnsa, from 10 to 15 miles further
west, or finally at the Piave, some 1U
miles further in. that direction. ,
Meanwhile, as the opposing armies
struggling for the temporary
mastery of the field, the entente
leaders, including the British and the j
- French premiers and military ad-,
vise re, are in council in Rome to deal
with the situation, which admittedly
is recognized a3 grave, coupled as
vne powenui, aitacit irom vs tai
with the threat of a flanking' move
ment by the Austro-German force's
. southward in the Trentino, to the
west of the present battle front.
.. Berlin's account of the Taglia
mento crossing gives the movement
the appearance of an operation in
great force, which already has re
sulted in a decided Teutonic victory.
Mere than 6000 Italians were taken
prisoners and several guns were cap-
k tured in-the engagement, declares. the
off iciarstatement. The Austro-Hun-garian
and German divisions which
effected the passage are advancing
westward, it is added-
' Signs of a probable impending re--newal
of the offensive by Field Mar
shal Haig in Belgium may be seen
in the German statement on the wesv ;
ern front operatiaons. This renorts
tk. Y..ninn i, f
structhre bombardment along th
Yser lowlands and from Houtholst
ri Vn.r'nm?Tiaa ..tai
,This means apparently that Haigs
tran hare onened rorcefullv aJonJT
virtually me enure icont. irom wb
North Sea to the French border.
F A. BRINK NOW A -SENIOR
Dr. F. A. Brink, pathologist, now in
charge of the state bacteriological
station at this point, is in receipt of
bis appointment as senior lieutenant
in the naval medical corps, and will
take up duties as pathologist at the
naval hospital, Pensacola, at once.
It is planned to try and effect some
sort of arrangement whereby Dr.
Brink may remain in charge of the
state laboratory here, as well as his
duties for Uncle Sam.
D:NCE FliU SriJMCE
MEN AT t O. W. HALL
made by the committee at the W. O.
W. hall tonirht to . offer one of the
most pleasant evenings of the sea
son. The best of music and good or
der will be features. The general
public is invited, . s
Thought Were Threatened
With Death From Hand
Grenades or Surrender.
IN BRIEF REPORT
Says German Artillery Had
Dropped Heavy Barrage,
Cutting Men Off.
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS
Washington, ; Nov. 6 American
troops ' captured by the Germans in
the trench raid on the morning of
November 3rd probably were trapped
in their; dugouts and fared to , sur
render or be blown . to pieces witn
hand grenades without a chance for
their lives. This is the only explana
tion which' occurs to army officer
today, lacking any details of the fight.
General Pershing's brief report
merely stated that the German artil
lery had dropped a heavy barrage fire
about a sector of the trench, cutting
the men. off from help. No explana
tion of the light casualties ' is given
and the twelve prisoners was given.
The fact that one wounded German
was captured, it was. indicated that
the .. trench had been reoccupied ' by
the American forces.' . Here is the
official casualty list: ' '
Private Thomas F. Enright, sister
Mrs.-Mary Irwin, Pittsburg.
Private James B. Gresham. mother
Mrs. Alice Dodd, Evansville, Ind. -' ' i
- Private Merle D. Hay. fataher Ilarw
vey p. Hay, Glidden, la. . . vTT;:
.' .' Wounded.
Private John J. Smith, brother ! P.
D. Smith, Ludington, Mich ;
Private Charles J. Hopkins, brother
James W. Hopkins, Stanton, Tex. -
Private Homer Givens, father Win.
F. Givens, Cloverdale, Ala.
Private Geo. L. Box, father Jas. L
Box, 700 North Grady street, , Altus.
Private Charles L. Orr, mother Mrs.
Sarah Resmell, Lyons, Kas.'
Captured or Missing.
Sergt. Edgar M. Hamley Burton,
father Geo- B. Haly Burton, Stony
Point, N. C.
Corporal Edwin H. Haines, mother
Mrs. Elizabeth ' Haines, Route No, 4,
Woodward, Okla. '
Corporal Nicholas L. Mulhall, moth
er Mrs. Bridget Mulhall, Jersey C?ty.
Private Herchel : Godfrey, f at.er
Wm. C. Oberst, Chicago.
Private Vernon M. Kendall, father
Sam Kendall, E. P. D. No. 2, Roll,
Private 'Wm- P. Grigsby,. mother
Mrs. Lizzie Grigsby, Louisville, Ky. '
Private Frank E. McDougal, father
R. L. McDougal, Maryville, Mo.
Private Daniel B. Gallagher, father
Neil Gallagher, Blocton, Ala.
Private John P. Lester, father Wm.
Lester, Tutwiler, Miss.
Private Harry Langhman, mother
Ada R. Langhman, Chicago.
Private Dewey D. Kern, mother
Mrs. Eva Tilton, Collins,' la.
Private - Keckon, cannot be
The list was accompanied . by the
' "The War Department has' received
a dispatch from the commanding gen
eral of the American expeditionary
forces which states that before day-
:"ght, wovemoer rd, a-salient occu
I tried for instruction by a company
of American Infantry was raided by
Germans. The enemy put down ;
heaw barraEre fire, cutting off the
salient from the rest of the line- Our j
iosc ttrre unrc o.nicu, hvb wwuuucu
" " , i i
i ne enemy s osses are not Known.
One wounded German was taken
Whether the men killed and wound
ed received their injuries 1n hano
to-hand fighting with the raiding Ger
man infantrymen or were strucx
down by sharpnel Is not known. A
single shell, scoring a direct hit in
"the trench, miirht have cased all the
casualties. But it will not explain,
however, the surrender of the re
The general practice of trench
raiding all along the front, however,
seems to offer a possible explanation.
It has been customary for French,
British or . German raids to be car
ried out with an Intense barrage fire
nsd- to isolate the' small sector of
the enemy line which it was planned
to invade. As tn additional protec
tion for the raiders, the 'artillery fire
has covered a far wider portion of
i. - v. ai.
real objective of the raid.
The ob- j
ject 6f the fire is to conceal from
the defenders the exact. . point of at
tack until the raiders arrive there.
Presumably, the American trench
(Oetaued on Page Three) 1
THE NEW FRONT
A' f Ua "0
Tbe'inap shows the new Italian front,
decided. In Its relative position In the sphere of . world, war. . ; Switzerland
Is now an oasle between the French and Italian war fronts.
OF U.S. GOOD
INDTJSTRIES MORE ACTTFIV EE
SPITE .MARKED LABOR SHORT-
ACCORDING TO BULLETIN.
Washington. Nov 5. Baslnesa con
ditions throughout the country are
reflected as excellent and industries
as active, - despite a marked labor
shortage nearly everywhere. In the
monthly federal reserve bulletin is
A summary Dy districts follows:
Richmond Business conditions
hizhlv satisfactory. . industries run
ning . full time, private construction
limited, bank clearings increasing, la
bor scarce and- wages high,' outlook
satisfactory. The report for this dis
trict added that "flush times would
'hardly be an exaggeration of condl
turns." - - .
Atlanta Business conditions good.
Industries- operating full time, con
struction slow,' bank clearings increas
ing, labor conditions fair "and outlook
Dallas Business conditions satis
factory, industries running" full time,
bank clearings increasing, labor short
age acute, and outlook encouraging
except in south central and western
Cleveland Business conditions
good, industries in fair condition. bu
with uneasy tone. Fuel, labor and
transportation difficulties were de
scribed as troublesome.
Chicago Business conditions good,
industries active? labor supply siort,'
and outlook good. "
St. Louis General business and in
dustries active", labor scarce and some
what unsettled, and outlook good.
Minneappolis Business conditions
and industries active, labor conditions
gtod and outlook very good,
Boston Industries busy, foreign
trade good, bank clearings increasing,
conditions unsatisfactory and
New York General business activw
and well maintained, industries very
active," construction quiet, foreiga
trade heavy, labor supply inadecruate
and outlook cgood.
Philadelphia Business conditions
good, industries very busy, construc
tion work dull, labor conditions un
settled, outlook good.
Kansas City General - business
averaged 25 per cent oyer last year,
bank clearings 40 percent over lasx
year, labor conditions improved, but
showing increased shortage, outlook
San Francisco Business active,
construction showing slight decrease,
foreign trade increasing, .labor condi
tions disturbed, outlook for an active
industry and large trade.
TENTH OF VOTERS OF
NEW YORK IN SERVICE.
Albany. N. Y.. Nov. 5 Nearly a
tenth cf the state's registered" -voters
are ABnt on military or naval serv
ice. The result of anv rlse contest
Tuesday may not be determined for
several dvs until the soldiers' votes
are received anad eeuontcd. Suffrage
is the principal state-wide issues of
Lthe election r; . ' , '
where fateful war issues are bow betas
COMPLETED FOR CARNIVAL
ATTRACTIONS TO 'BE AMONG
THE 'AMUSEMENT s FEATURES
Ai i augeiueiits nave been winpTeitod
by the management of the Molino
Fair for the "Biff 4" carnival attrac
tions to show at the fair which opens
at Molino next week, according to an
nouncement made last night bj
George Meade, president of the or
Mr. Meade stated vhat it is the same
organization taking ; pax in the fair
at Marianna this week, and it is con
sidered one of the best of its kind on
the road. He expressed the Deuex
that the added attraction would pttrTe
acceptable to the visitors to the xair
and that no stone is being left un
turned, to make the fair interesting
Work enclosing the fair grounds
ban been completed, according to Mr
Meade, and the fence which has been
in course of construction is nearly
finished. All of the underbrush u
the grounds has been cleared away
and the buildings ready for the ex
hibits, the placing of which will b
Mr. Holt, of the Winchester Arms
Company has been engaged to give
demonstrations in fancy shooting, and
ia lflcelv to prove one of the bif
drawing cards for Thursday of fair
week. Mr. Holt has given exniDiuons
in Pensacola and his merit as a
marksman is well known to Pensa
colians. Permission has been secured frorr
the naw department for several air
planes from the aeronautic station
here to go to Molino and fly during the
fair. Landing may bemad e in the
river, only a short distance from the
fair grounds, and many who have nev
er seen one of the great war eagles
at close range will thus be given at
excellent opportunity to see the m
SPECIAL ROUND TRIP .
RATES ARE ALLOWED
Special round trip rates to New. Or
leans were announced yesterday by
the L. & N. for the second annual
convention of the National Farm am'
Live Stock show, to be held there be
tween November 9 and 19th. Tickets
go on sale Nov. 9th and are good for
return until the closing of the shows
LAST DAY TO FILE
FOOD PLEDGE CARD
Today is positively the last day
In which. food pledge cards may
be filed to, get in the report, 3 is
it is neccrr ary that a full and
final reptrt nnzst be sent off not
later than tonight. . Signed
pled-es m?y be sent to or left
at The Journal office, and it is
hoped that Fensacola will mkt
the showing 1-eped for .and urged
by. the. state food administrator.
NEXT WEEK BE
Louisiana Producers Adopt
RAW PRODUCT AT
AVERAGE OF 6 l-4c
Action Followed Rousing
Speech on Part Louisiana's
New Orleans. Nov B Louisiana
planters unanimously adopted a res
olution accepting maximum prices of
plantation" clarified and raw susrars
as set by Federal Food Administrator
Hoover, and. pledged their hearty
support to the federal and state food
administrations. Thev have asred
to deliver to the American Sugar Re
fining Company one "hundred thou
sand pounds of raw sugar at an av
erage price of about 6 1-4 cents. Re
consideration of his ruling on yellow
clarified sugar will be asked of Mr.
This action followed a speech of
Stete Food Adminstrator John M.
Parker, who appealed to the patriot
ism of the' planters, and reminded
them that a .refusal to obey selling
price orders would subject them to
MOVE PTO GUARANTEE
CONTINUOUS COAL SUPPLY.
Washington. Nor. fc To farther
assure a.contlnnaus and Mnereaaedi
production of coal during the warjl
uei Aomimstrator Uarrceld directed
that no independent action be taken
by either operators or miners to force
a settlement of any dispute without
submitting the matter in controversy
to the fuel administratipn.
GOVERNMENT MAY SOON
" REQUISITION COAL SUPPLY.
Washington, Nov. 5. An order re
quisitioning for the government 10
per cent of the output of "virtually
every coal mine in the country will be
issued by: the federal administration
probably on Tuesday. The coal will
ce aisrriiratea by the srovernment
wherever any emergency may arise,
. PT:.eZat.8, l tf4-to
MISS MARY PRUITT
DIES AT HOSPITAL
Miss Mary E. Puritt died at the
Pensacola hospital Sunday at 10 p. m.
She was ill a week before she gave
up and left off her work as teacher
of public school No. 72, at McDavid
but her illness covers a period of about
She was-but 19 years of age, and
was the only daughter of Mr. and Mrs
M. E. Pruitt of Santa Rosa county.
One brother also survives.
Services will be conducted from
the hpme of Mrs. Frank Dillard 621
North Hayne street, at 10 o'clock this
morning, the interment to be made in
St. Michaer"a cemetery1 Rev. Mr.
Ansley of the First Baptist church
will conduct the services.
The pall bearers will be A. S. Ed
wards, E. P. Dillard, James Edwards
Lake Everitt, W. J. Roberts and
James Kelly .
Deceased was very popular among
the young set of this city ' Educated
in the public schools of this city, she
was teaching her second year. Sweet
dainty, frail, her friend were truly
numbered by her acquaintances.
An extension of time was granted j
the plaintiff in T;he case of Cora Lee
Holland Administratrix, vs. the Sea-'
board Air Line Railway, by Judge j
William B. Sheppard yesterday.
When the case was brought before i
Jude Sheppard sometime ago, de-J
cision was awarded in favor of the;
defendant, and application for an ap
peal made by, the plaintiff.- -The ex
tension of time is granted to allow
the plaintiff to perfect her appeal by
writ of error. . r
FIRST. JEWISH CHAPLAIN8
OF THE ARMY NAMED
Washington, Nov. 5 Rabbi David
ijroiuoerjf oi. orsirana. ,iexas. was
named the first Jewish Chaplain in
American navy, h? Secretary Daniels
RACES IN RESIDENTIAL
Washington, Nov, 8 Compul
sory separation of negro and
white races in residential dis
tricts was held in violation of the
constitution in an unanimous
opinion of the supreme court, in
declaring invalid the Louisville,
Kentucky, segregation ordinance.
The measure prohibited persons
of either race from moving into
blocks tn which a majority of
residents were of opposite color.
Ordinances in St. Louis, Balti
more, Richmond, Atlanta and
other southern cities rendered
LABORERS, HELPERS. ALL
BOUND AND ELECTRICAL MA
CHINISTS MAY FIND WOES AT
GOOD WAGES AT NAVY YARD
Men in many departments and
eral trades are tbadly wanted at the
Pensacola aeronautic station, and an
urgent call has been issued for such
Examinations for entrance to the yard
will be held immediately, and good
wages are offered ; positions and fines
of - work for which there is urgent
need of men are: .
Common laborers, 16 years or over.
$1-S to to $2 per diem.
General helpers, 15 or over; 1.60
to $2.64 per diem.
All-round machinists, 18 or over;
13.68 to $4.72 per diem.
Electrical machinists, 18 or over;
99.68 to $4.72 per diem.
No educational test wCl be given
and applicants will not be assembled
for mental examination. The exami
nation will consist of physical ability
training and experience. Applications
should be made at the aeronautic sta
tion, of the labor board.
Applications will not, be accepted
from employees of the government or
of. firms and corporations engaged- in
carrying out contracts for the gov
ernment sV its allies, unless accom
panied by the written assent of the
head of the office, firm, or corporation
under which, the applicant is employ
ed to his appointment in case he
should pass the examination.
NEW YORK'S MOST
BITTER OF CAMPAIGNS
IS BROUGHT TO END
Kii..n ..mn m. r ..;..'. vi.
' tory closed tonight with the eyes ot,
Ithe naUon looking towards New
York because two of the four mayor-
alty candidates have injected war Is-
mayor jutoki, running lor
ejection on a xusion ucxec, cnarges
pro-German influences have combined
to dfeat him. John F. Hylan, Tarn-
many candidate, denies the impta
tions of disloyalty made by opponents
and bases his campaign on local is
sues. The republican nominee, Ben
nett, also stresses local issues. Mor
ris Hilquitt, the socialist, is frankl)
a pacifist, refusing to buy Liberty
Bonds and declaring his election will
be a mandate of the administration
to take steps to end the war.
NEW JURORS OF
THE FEDERAL COURT
On the call of jurors in the federal
court yesterday morning, a . large
number of men drawn for service
were excused at their own reouest be
cause of pressing business. For this i
reason it became necessary to immei
diately draw gome additional names
from the jury box, and the following
were called to serve, in the places 5f
Additional Petit Jurors.
J. Frank Taylor, Alexander Fried
man, John F. Morgan, James A
Bazzell, " Joseph Coleman, Aaron
Win crate (c), Jos. V. Riera, Chas. J
Oerting, L. L. Boysen, S. M. Phillips,
Wm. S. Lurton, Randall Bell, L. E.I
Boran. Alex H. Green, Harry R.
Cook, W. A . Smith, Harry A. Lurton
Leonard LeBaron, D. Cocorenes, Wm.
W. Bowman. Jefferson Long, Geo. A
Berry, all of Pensacola Escambia
county; M. Leo Dekle, Jr., Mariana
Jackson county: S. J. Stewart. Milton.
Santa Rosa county; A. T. Creigton,
Frederick Gilmore, C. P. Bell, John '
J. Gibson, Larz Anderson, Edwd. J.
Qusgley, all of Pensacola, Escambia J
j county; M. N. Fisher, of Milton, San-;
ta Rosa county; J. C. Mercer of Chip-:
ley, Washington county; William ,
KOgers, oz- uer uniaK springs, w a iron
county; end J. R Conley, of Mari -
anna, Jackson county.
WAR IS CARRIED INTO
HEART OF HOLY LAND,
London Nov. 5 British forces in
Palestine have attacked the Turks
oeienamg taza. iney captureu tne
front line defenses, 300 prisoners and
Three Branches of Govern
ment Be Kept Separata and .
Distinct Judge Suggests,
NEW GRAND JOKY
Stressing the necessity of
the three branches of the government
separate and distinct, and preserve
each from encroachments by either e
the other two, Judge William B. Shep
pard delivered the charge to the fed
eral Grand Jury upon the organise
tlon of that body yesterday afternoaa
In view of the unusual conditions
brought about by the war, and the
vast amount of emergency legislation
the points brought out in the chargV
are considered of great importance
Judge Sheppard showed the danger
of a member of one branch of tha
government, whether judicial, legis
lative, or executive, attempting to in
terfered with the actions and powers
of either of tha other two,- and assert
thath the complete separation of t'i
three is the very foundation of Amerf
In the course of his charge. Ji'rl
Sheppard touched on the general fa--,
lessness inthi country, and o.: v. r
he t'ermed lawlessness .be'tv'ecn' i '
i - ' The Court Charge. ; T
In charging the grand jury.'Ju.i
Sheppard touched in general tern..-
the duties of the body, and sta! t..
it formed a bulwark against t.';. c
croachments of the executive o:i t..s
rights of the people.
While In our own government, tho '
judge said,' it has frequently been!
unnecessary. t .have this guard.'
against the executive, inasmuch as.
ours is a government of laws and not
or men, however.. it is retained for
the salutary purpose for whieh.it was
originally instituted; that there is no
individual so high as to be beyond
its reach, and that no one save
J He then stressed the fact that thla
s nation, as previously stated. Is a gor-
ernment of laws and not of men, and
that while the executives may be j
re-jenangea every rour years, and a new
j party placed in power, the zunda
' mental laws laid down in th fVmtrH-
i tution still exist paramount tt
prescribing the duties of every in
dividual elected, and in the fulfill
ment of those duties ha has no choice;
Most salutary among the check
and balances in the government o4j
this country, the judge said, ia the)'
division of the authority into three) !
departments Executive, Judicial and
Legislative; and the provision theA
no individual or group of individuals)
forming a part, of one department
shall exercise any power or author
ity in either of the other two.
It is the province of the laws sV
ministered by the courts to prevent
the encroachment of one power uposi
another, and that upon this powers
and its proper exercise, lies the oaly
sure foundation for our liberties.
"The peace, prosperity and integM
nxy ox any country," continued the)
judge, "depends upon the proper and
Bjieeuy wuDuusuiiuon Of. JUSnCSk
That however much might be accom
plished for the betterment, of the na
tion by philanthropy and science vm
lessen criminality by education, there
still remains the necessitv for the
enforcement of the law to punish the
offender when uses his hand against
society. That just so long as- the
laws were impartially and firmlv n-
forced, said the judge, "lawlessness
would be put down, and wars, ma
zesting international lawlessness, v.-j
cease. It is a sad and deplorable
fact," he said, "that there exists a
lawless spirit in this ceuntry, such as
is not present even In the European
nations with which we are at war-
"In this country, in the year 1915.
IT. j ie Ann v j '
something over 15,000 homicides were
committed, and 80 per cent of the
perpetrators thereof escaped punish-
ment, until there grew up a spirit
among the peole of contempt for the
laws, and impatience with the courts.
which manifested itself in this, that
i w nen a man commiuea some hemouS "
i crime, one which shocked the sens!-'
ib:!itie3 of the country, the people, t
jtneir vengeance, waited not for It t2
iba administered in a lawful and da-J
cent manner, but pursued the nffmnA
er and would hang him tn tti -rirr
telegraph pole. Lynching is un-l
Known in jngiana, ana prior to the
outbreak of the war, lynching wast
almost unknown-in Germanj..