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THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL, TUESDAY MORNING, MAY 28, 1918.
DAILY WEEKLY SUNDAY Journal Publishing Company LOIS K. MATES. President HAKKT R. COOK. Publisher Conducted from 1899 to 1915 Under the Editorship and Management of CoL Frank I Mayes. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS American News paper Publishers Association Florida Press Association Southern Newspaper Publishers' Association SUBSCRIPTION' RATES: One Week, Dally and Sunday ..... .15 Two Weeks. Daily and Sunday .... M One Month, Dally and Sunday .65 Three Months, Daily and Sunday l.M Six Months, Dally and Sunday t.2i One Tear, Dally and Sunday .....4 6.60 Sunday Only, One Tear 1.60 The Weekly Journal. One Tear 1-00 Mall subscriptions are payable In advance, and papers will be discontinued on expiration date. HONES Editorial Rooms. J8; Presl nt and Publisher, 48: Bus. Of flee, 1500 OFFICE Journal Bids1.. Corner In , riencia and DeLuns. Streets. The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news credited to It or not other wise credited in ,th!s paper and also to local news pub lished; i Entered as seoond-clars matter at the postoffloa In Pensaoola, Florida, tinder Act of Congress, March S, 1ST9. Roresented In the Qenreal Advertising; Field by CONE, LORENZEN & WOODMAN New 3fork Chicago Detroit Kansas City Atlanta TUESDAY, MAY 8, 1918. BUSINESS AS USUAL. Every fancy price you pay for a non-essential keeps some lace-loom going that could be finish ing khaki or blankets for our boys, writes Alvin M. Higgins, ( member of the American Defense Society. Every chauffeur driving a pleasure car should for luxury's sake that should be making wings for aeroplanes or motors for war trucks. Every chapff eur driving a pleasure car should be at the wheel of an ambulance or a lorry in the service of Uncle Sam. ' Every $22 pair of high, cream kid shoes means a lot of slackers drawing money and cheating our boys in France out of army sHoes. Every fancy chocolate for dainty palates means less chocolate bars for Ned and Tom in the trenches. Everything you buy just because you want it, is downright sabotage as far as our war ma chinery i3 concerned. America is at war! Why do we go on paying tribute to non-essentials? Foot-men and valets must fight or work. We must not keep a million men working at laces and flowers and shit waists and lingerie and bric-a-brac and furbelows, when that million men can be making battleplanes and sails and shrapnel, fuses and trench goods, and will release another million men of fighting age, to whip the Huns. Your heart is all right. Get your head right. Quit being a lip-warrior I "Business as Uusual!" Is that your slogan? mi i -ww a mat was ingiana s crime, tnree years ago. And a million of her, bravest hearts haye paid those miserable bills with their warm blood. England's Business is now Unusual! Let's make America's so before it is too late ! AID FOR FAMILIES OF JEWISH SOLDIERS. Following a report to the Jewish Welfare Board that many of the young men in service were disturbed over conditions at home the Com mittee on Personal Service plan3 to visit the home of every Jewish soldier and sailor whose family is said to be in distress. The families in need will be placed in charge of the Red Cross with which the Jewish Welfare Board is working in closest cooperation. Families not requiring financial assistance but in need of other aid will be cared for by the Committee on Personal Ser vice. To do this work a large corps of volunteers will be necessary. With this required assistance in view a course of lectures and instruction in field work for efficient service has recently been completed in New York City. 'Recruiting work among Colorado mothers has been so successful that 6,000 boys have been permitted to enlist for farm work in the United States Boys' Working Reserve of the Depart ment of Agriculture and it is likely that the quota of 10,000 will be completed before the schools close, according ,to Joseph H. Jaffa, Fed eral State director. "We have a great deal of special work in con nection with the mothers," writes Mr. Jaffa. "The women of the smaller towns realize the need of the farms more than the city mothers, consequently we have to impress our city moth ers with the importance of allowing their boys to go on farms. But we find that just as soon as our women understand that their boys will be well taken care of they are perfectly willing to let them go. We realize that wherever we meet opposition it is caused through lack of under standing. "The scale of wages ranges from $20 to $45 a month, including room and board, and during the harvest is reaches 3 a day. A welfare or ganization has been formed under the direct supervision of the Y. M. C. A. It is our inten tion to have a welfare worker in each communi ty to whom the boys may apply and to whom the farmer may apply in case one of the other is not doing the right thing." AMERICA'S NAVAL POWER. Another move toward full utilization of the country's man power was made when Secretary Baker sent to Congress the draft of a bill pro posing to raise the maximum age lhmt for vol untary enlistment in the army from 40 to 55 years, all men over 40 so enlisted to be assigned to noncombatant service. In a letter to Speaker Clark asking that the bill be pushed,. Secretary Baker said: "Every man above "the age of 40 years who is enlisted in noncombatant branches of the service will make available for duty with the line troops a man within the prescribed age limit for all troops. "Many men whose long experience as me chanics and artisans will make them particularly valuable to the various staff corps and depart ments may be thus secured instead of younger men without such experience, and the efficiency of the staff corps ard the departments thus will be increased." There probably are 7,500,000 men between the ages of 40 and 55, and many thousands of them already have attested their desire to serve by bombarding-the department with applications. While the great majority of the men in this class undoubtedly will be restrained from enlisting by family and business ties, the number at liberty to join the colors is expected to be more than suf ficient to meet the purpose in view. Staff Corps positions include many duties be hind the front. Every headquarters unit in cludes a number of places for which the older men would be just as well suited as the present occupants who, under the new plan, would be re leased for line duty. Official estimates are that a modern army to be maintained as an efficient unit must have between 40 and 45 per cent, of its actual strength on duty behind the fighting zone. This means that of the first 1,000,000 men sent to France 400,000 serve along the line communication, in hospitals, or at the various headquarters and de barkation bases. AMERICA'S STRENGTH. Premier Lloyd George's statement that the United States had thus far been able to counter balance less than one-fifth of the fighting strength which the Germans gained for west front operations through the collapse of Russia has left officials somewhat puzzled as to the fig ures upon which it was based. In view of the fact that Secretary Baker form ally announced some time ago that more than 500,000 American troops were in Europe, it was pointed out that the British Premier's statement would indicate that between 2,500,000 and 3,000, 000 German troops had been released from the eastern front and were being employed in the west. Army officers here do not believe that Germany received any such advances from the Russian collapse. It has never been reported, they say, that the German fighting units in the east totaled so much. It is regarded as probable that Premier Lloyd George was basing his statement on the num ber of men of the American Army now in line before Amiens with the French forces. The strength of that American force has never been made public, but it is known to be in excess of one division, and probably, counting all auxili aries as well as line regiments, reaches a figure at least above J.00,000. If that is true and the Premier based his calculation upon an American participation of 100,000 men, it would indicate that British information was that half a million German troops had been withdrawn from the eastern front for use in the west. That figure, however, probably underestimates the actual German movement. Whatever the strength of the American Army in France may be today, the statement is made in semi-official quarters and has not been chal lenged at the War Department that a million men will have been transported by July 1 of this year. Officers here assert that the German withdrawal from the east front certainly could not have been anywhere like five times that num ber. The races between German offensive plans and the American effort to aid the Allies pic tured by Mr. Lloyd George therefore narrows down to a question of the time when a heavy net increase in the man power facing Germany in the west will have been made. In view of the fact that Chinese women are to be found in nearly all of the large American cities, it is surprising to learn that there is only one Chinese woman living in London's China An acre of good fishing ground at sea would yield more food in a week than an acre of good ground on the land would produce in a year. The potato, for many ' -years past, has formed one quarter of all the food eaten by European and English-speaking people. If a box 6 feet deep was filled with sea-water, which was then allowed to evaporate, there would be 2 inches of salt left in the bottom of the box. Potatoes are so cheap that a grocer threw one at a dog yesterday. UNCLE SAM'S GRAFT HEATH AT CITY DOCK An ordinance permitting the govern ment boats to dock at the city wharves was yesterday passed on third reading by the city eommisisoners, and the passage of this measure Will give the coast guard steamer Penrose an op portunity of berthing at one of the city docks, a privilege not heretofore en Joyed because the vessel named was a bit larger than the ordinances already In effect permitted. When this measure was first Intro duced, it was the impression that free dockage would be afforded to Uncle Sam's craft. Such, however. Is not the case and the statement was made under a misunderstanding. . The ordinance had to be passed because of the size of the boats seeking nearer and more advantageous berthing facilities. PR09RAM CIVEH AT v L All! STATION Under the auspices of the Musl. and Dramatic Committee of the Pen sacola War Camp Community Service, a musical program. In charge of Mrs. Mae Clutter was given last night. Among the splendid numbers were: Violin selections. "Lucia" and "Cata lina, Miss Ada Rosasco. Vocal, "May Morning," and "Land of Sky Blue Water, Miss Lillian McDonald. Capt. John Milbnrn Sends His Regards Captain John L. Milburn, formerly o the San Carlos Hotel and now of th 314th trench motor battery, station1! at Camp Punston, Kansas,1 has wirei Manager Charles B. Hervey, of the Sa. Carlos that he is" in good concTUTon an to give his best regards to frl jti3. AIsi that his command exxpects. soon to b ordered to Prance. He requests 'Mr, Hervey to look after a few papers an. Belongings he has left behind. Daily Weather Report U. S. Department or Affctev3ture Weather Bureau. Charles P. Marvin. Chief. DAILY WEATHER BULLETIN. Pensaeola's Data. Pensacola, Fla., May ? TEMPERATURE : Highest oa record for May, 93 degrees. Lowest on record for May, 44 degrees Day temperatures In May usually risa to 80 degrees. Night temperatures In May usually fall to 67 degrees. Highest temperature 24 hours ending 7 p. m., 80 degrees. Lowest temperature 24 hours ending 7 p. m., 72 degrees. Accumulated deficiency this year to date 88 degrees. RAINFALL for 24 hours ending 7 p. bl, .00 Inches. Normal rainfall fot the month of May, 2.68 Inches. Total rainfall this month to 7 p. m, 1.14 inches. Accumulated excess this year to May 1st. 7.42 Inches. HUMIDITY: 7 p. m., 81 per cent. BAROMETER: 7 p. m., 30.04. Stations, weather at 7 p. m.. tempera ture at 7 p. m. and highest yesterday precipitation for 24 hours ending 7 p. m Atlanta, clear '. 86 88 Boston, cloudy 58 78 .0 Buffalo, Pt. Cldy. 64 68 Chi5ago, cloudy ,. 66 86 .0 Charleston, dear ?6 84 Denver, PL Cldy -60 62 Des Moines, cloudy 68 76 liJ Dodge City, cloudy ."70 -t Ft. Worth; clear 88 94 Galveston, Pt. Cldy v.80 82 Havre, clear 7. .62 62 Huron, cloudy -54 54 .0 Jacksonville, clear 76 82 Kansas City, PL Cldy 84 86 Memphis, clear 88 92 Miami, cloudy .76 '80 Mobile, cloudy 78 84 .1 Montgomery, Pt. Cldy 88 ' 90 New Orleans, cloudy r. .82 84 .1 New York, fain ..v .70 80 Si North -Platte, cloudy 52 58 J3 Oklahoma, cloudy 84 88 Palestine, clear 88 90 Pensacola, cloudy 77 80 Phoenix, clear 86 86 Pittsburg, rain 80 88 c St. Louis, cloudy 86 88. Salt Lake City, rain 43 GO .0 San Francisco, cloudy 56 60 Sheridan, rain 42 44 .0 Shreveport, clear 90 90 Tampa, cloudv SO 88 Toledo, Pt. Cldy 84 83 Washington, cloudy 82 92 Williston, cloudy 50 50 Weather, barometer readings, win direction and wind velocity at 7 p. m along the coast. Brownsville, Pt. Cldy., 29.80, S. E. Corpus Christi, Pt. Cldy., 29.S6, S E., 20. New Orleans, cloudy, 30.00, S. E. Mobile, cloudy, 30.02, S. Pensacola, cloudy, 30.04, 13. Tampa, eloudy, 30.04. N. E., ik. Miami, cloudy, 30.06.-E. 16. Jacksonville, clear, 30.10, S. E., 14. Tides, May 2Sth. H. V. L. W. Navy Yard 12:54 p. m. 1056 p. xn Pen. Bay 1:14 p. m. 10:41 p. nj. 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