THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL, TUESDAY MORNING, MAY 28, 1918.
DAILY WEEKLY SUNDAY
Journal Publishing Company
LOIS K. MATES. President HAKKT R. COOK. Publisher
Conducted from 1899 to 1915 Under the Editorship and
Management of CoL Frank I Mayes.
MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS
American News paper Publishers Association
Florida Press Association
Southern Newspaper Publishers' Association
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Two Weeks. Daily and Sunday .... M
One Month, Dally and Sunday .65
Three Months, Daily and Sunday l.M
Six Months, Dally and Sunday t.2i
One Tear, Dally and Sunday .....4 6.60
Sunday Only, One Tear 1.60
The Weekly Journal. One Tear 1-00
Mall subscriptions are payable In advance, and papers
will be discontinued on expiration date.
Rooms. J8; Presl
nt and Publisher,
48: Bus. Of flee, 1500
Bids1.. Corner In ,
riencia and DeLuns.
The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news credited to It or not other
wise credited in ,th!s paper and also to local news pub
lished; i Entered as seoond-clars matter at the postoffloa In
Pensaoola, Florida, tinder Act of Congress, March S, 1ST9.
Roresented In the Qenreal Advertising; Field by
CONE, LORENZEN & WOODMAN
New 3fork Chicago Detroit Kansas City Atlanta
TUESDAY, MAY 8, 1918.
BUSINESS AS USUAL.
Every fancy price you pay for a non-essential
keeps some lace-loom going that could be finish
ing khaki or blankets for our boys, writes Alvin
M. Higgins, ( member of the American Defense
Every chauffeur driving a pleasure car should
for luxury's sake that should be making wings
for aeroplanes or motors for war trucks.
Every chapff eur driving a pleasure car should
be at the wheel of an ambulance or a lorry in the
service of Uncle Sam. '
Every $22 pair of high, cream kid shoes means
a lot of slackers drawing money and cheating our
boys in France out of army sHoes.
Every fancy chocolate for dainty palates
means less chocolate bars for Ned and Tom in
Everything you buy just because you want it,
is downright sabotage as far as our war ma
chinery i3 concerned.
America is at war! Why do we go on paying
tribute to non-essentials? Foot-men and valets
must fight or work. We must not keep a million
men working at laces and flowers and shit waists
and lingerie and bric-a-brac and furbelows, when
that million men can be making battleplanes and
sails and shrapnel, fuses and trench goods, and
will release another million men of fighting age,
to whip the Huns.
Your heart is all right. Get your head right.
Quit being a lip-warrior I
"Business as Uusual!" Is that your slogan?
mi i -ww a
mat was ingiana s crime, tnree years ago.
And a million of her, bravest hearts haye paid
those miserable bills with their warm blood.
England's Business is now Unusual! Let's
make America's so before it is too late !
AID FOR FAMILIES OF JEWISH SOLDIERS.
Following a report to the Jewish Welfare
Board that many of the young men in service
were disturbed over conditions at home the Com
mittee on Personal Service plan3 to visit the
home of every Jewish soldier and sailor whose
family is said to be in distress. The families in
need will be placed in charge of the Red Cross
with which the Jewish Welfare Board is working
in closest cooperation. Families not requiring
financial assistance but in need of other aid will
be cared for by the Committee on Personal Ser
vice. To do this work a large corps of volunteers
will be necessary. With this required assistance
in view a course of lectures and instruction in
field work for efficient service has recently been
completed in New York City.
'Recruiting work among Colorado mothers has
been so successful that 6,000 boys have been
permitted to enlist for farm work in the United
States Boys' Working Reserve of the Depart
ment of Agriculture and it is likely that the
quota of 10,000 will be completed before the
schools close, according ,to Joseph H. Jaffa, Fed
eral State director.
"We have a great deal of special work in con
nection with the mothers," writes Mr. Jaffa.
"The women of the smaller towns realize the
need of the farms more than the city mothers,
consequently we have to impress our city moth
ers with the importance of allowing their boys
to go on farms. But we find that just as soon
as our women understand that their boys will be
well taken care of they are perfectly willing to
let them go. We realize that wherever we meet
opposition it is caused through lack of under
standing. "The scale of wages ranges from $20 to $45 a
month, including room and board, and during
the harvest is reaches 3 a day. A welfare or
ganization has been formed under the direct
supervision of the Y. M. C. A. It is our inten
tion to have a welfare worker in each communi
ty to whom the boys may apply and to whom
the farmer may apply in case one of the other
is not doing the right thing."
AMERICA'S NAVAL POWER.
Another move toward full utilization of the
country's man power was made when Secretary
Baker sent to Congress the draft of a bill pro
posing to raise the maximum age lhmt for vol
untary enlistment in the army from 40 to 55
years, all men over 40 so enlisted to be assigned
to noncombatant service.
In a letter to Speaker Clark asking that the
bill be pushed,. Secretary Baker said:
"Every man above "the age of 40 years who is
enlisted in noncombatant branches of the service
will make available for duty with the line troops
a man within the prescribed age limit for all
"Many men whose long experience as me
chanics and artisans will make them particularly
valuable to the various staff corps and depart
ments may be thus secured instead of younger
men without such experience, and the efficiency
of the staff corps ard the departments thus will
There probably are 7,500,000 men between the
ages of 40 and 55, and many thousands of them
already have attested their desire to serve by
bombarding-the department with applications.
While the great majority of the men in this class
undoubtedly will be restrained from enlisting by
family and business ties, the number at liberty
to join the colors is expected to be more than suf
ficient to meet the purpose in view.
Staff Corps positions include many duties be
hind the front. Every headquarters unit in
cludes a number of places for which the older
men would be just as well suited as the present
occupants who, under the new plan, would be re
leased for line duty.
Official estimates are that a modern army to
be maintained as an efficient unit must have
between 40 and 45 per cent, of its actual strength
on duty behind the fighting zone. This means
that of the first 1,000,000 men sent to France
400,000 serve along the line communication, in
hospitals, or at the various headquarters and de
Premier Lloyd George's statement that the
United States had thus far been able to counter
balance less than one-fifth of the fighting
strength which the Germans gained for west
front operations through the collapse of Russia
has left officials somewhat puzzled as to the fig
ures upon which it was based.
In view of the fact that Secretary Baker form
ally announced some time ago that more than
500,000 American troops were in Europe, it was
pointed out that the British Premier's statement
would indicate that between 2,500,000 and 3,000,
000 German troops had been released from the
eastern front and were being employed in the
west. Army officers here do not believe that
Germany received any such advances from the
Russian collapse. It has never been reported,
they say, that the German fighting units in the
east totaled so much.
It is regarded as probable that Premier Lloyd
George was basing his statement on the num
ber of men of the American Army now in line
before Amiens with the French forces. The
strength of that American force has never been
made public, but it is known to be in excess of
one division, and probably, counting all auxili
aries as well as line regiments, reaches a figure
at least above J.00,000. If that is true and the
Premier based his calculation upon an American
participation of 100,000 men, it would indicate
that British information was that half a million
German troops had been withdrawn from the
eastern front for use in the west. That figure,
however, probably underestimates the actual
Whatever the strength of the American Army
in France may be today, the statement is made
in semi-official quarters and has not been chal
lenged at the War Department that a million
men will have been transported by July 1 of this
year. Officers here assert that the German
withdrawal from the east front certainly could
not have been anywhere like five times that num
ber. The races between German offensive plans
and the American effort to aid the Allies pic
tured by Mr. Lloyd George therefore narrows
down to a question of the time when a heavy net
increase in the man power facing Germany in
the west will have been made.
In view of the fact that Chinese women are
to be found in nearly all of the large American
cities, it is surprising to learn that there is only
one Chinese woman living in London's China
An acre of good fishing ground at sea would
yield more food in a week than an acre of good
ground on the land would produce in a year.
The potato, for many ' -years past, has formed
one quarter of all the food eaten by European
and English-speaking people.
If a box 6 feet deep was filled with sea-water,
which was then allowed to evaporate, there
would be 2 inches of salt left in the bottom of the
Potatoes are so cheap that a grocer threw one
at a dog yesterday.
UNCLE SAM'S GRAFT
HEATH AT CITY DOCK
An ordinance permitting the govern
ment boats to dock at the city wharves
was yesterday passed on third reading
by the city eommisisoners, and the
passage of this measure Will give the
coast guard steamer Penrose an op
portunity of berthing at one of the city
docks, a privilege not heretofore en
Joyed because the vessel named was a
bit larger than the ordinances already
In effect permitted.
When this measure was first Intro
duced, it was the impression that free
dockage would be afforded to Uncle
Sam's craft. Such, however. Is not the
case and the statement was made under
a misunderstanding. . The ordinance
had to be passed because of the size
of the boats seeking nearer and more
advantageous berthing facilities.
PR09RAM CIVEH AT
L All! STATION
Under the auspices of the Musl.
and Dramatic Committee of the Pen
sacola War Camp Community Service,
a musical program. In charge of Mrs.
Mae Clutter was given last night.
Among the splendid numbers were:
Violin selections. "Lucia" and "Cata
lina, Miss Ada Rosasco.
Vocal, "May Morning," and "Land
of Sky Blue Water, Miss Lillian McDonald.
Capt. John Milbnrn
Sends His Regards
Captain John L. Milburn, formerly o
the San Carlos Hotel and now of th
314th trench motor battery, station1!
at Camp Punston, Kansas,1 has wirei
Manager Charles B. Hervey, of the Sa.
Carlos that he is" in good concTUTon an
to give his best regards to frl jti3. AIsi
that his command exxpects. soon to b
ordered to Prance. He requests 'Mr,
Hervey to look after a few papers an.
Belongings he has left behind.
U. S. Department or Affctev3ture
Charles P. Marvin. Chief.
DAILY WEATHER BULLETIN.
Pensacola, Fla., May ?
TEMPERATURE : Highest oa record for
May, 93 degrees.
Lowest on record for May, 44 degrees
Day temperatures In May usually risa
to 80 degrees.
Night temperatures In May usually
fall to 67 degrees.
Highest temperature 24 hours ending
7 p. m., 80 degrees.
Lowest temperature 24 hours ending
7 p. m., 72 degrees.
Accumulated deficiency this year to
date 88 degrees.
RAINFALL for 24 hours ending 7 p. bl,
Normal rainfall fot the month of
May, 2.68 Inches.
Total rainfall this month to 7 p. m,
Accumulated excess this year to May
1st. 7.42 Inches.
HUMIDITY: 7 p. m., 81 per cent.
BAROMETER: 7 p. m., 30.04.
Stations, weather at 7 p. m.. tempera
ture at 7 p. m. and highest yesterday
precipitation for 24 hours ending 7 p. m
Atlanta, clear '. 86 88
Boston, cloudy 58 78 .0
Buffalo, Pt. Cldy. 64 68
Chi5ago, cloudy ,. 66 86 .0
Charleston, dear ?6 84
Denver, PL Cldy -60 62
Des Moines, cloudy 68 76 liJ
Dodge City, cloudy ."70 -t
Ft. Worth; clear 88 94
Galveston, Pt. Cldy v.80 82
Havre, clear 7. .62 62
Huron, cloudy -54 54 .0
Jacksonville, clear 76 82
Kansas City, PL Cldy 84 86
Memphis, clear 88 92
Miami, cloudy .76 '80
Mobile, cloudy 78 84 .1
Montgomery, Pt. Cldy 88 ' 90
New Orleans, cloudy r. .82 84 .1
New York, fain ..v .70 80 Si
North -Platte, cloudy 52 58 J3
Oklahoma, cloudy 84 88
Palestine, clear 88 90
Pensacola, cloudy 77 80
Phoenix, clear 86 86
Pittsburg, rain 80 88 c
St. Louis, cloudy 86 88.
Salt Lake City, rain 43 GO .0
San Francisco, cloudy 56 60
Sheridan, rain 42 44 .0
Shreveport, clear 90 90
Tampa, cloudv SO 88
Toledo, Pt. Cldy 84 83
Washington, cloudy 82 92
Williston, cloudy 50 50
Weather, barometer readings, win
direction and wind velocity at 7 p. m
along the coast.
Brownsville, Pt. Cldy., 29.80, S. E.
Corpus Christi, Pt. Cldy., 29.S6, S
New Orleans, cloudy, 30.00, S. E.
Mobile, cloudy, 30.02, S.
Pensacola, cloudy, 30.04, 13.
Tampa, eloudy, 30.04. N. E., ik.
Miami, cloudy, 30.06.-E. 16.
Jacksonville, clear, 30.10, S. E., 14.
Tides, May 2Sth.
H. V. L. W.
Navy Yard 12:54 p. m. 1056 p. xn
Pen. Bay 1:14 p. m. 10:41 p. nj.
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