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Your Liberty Bond is lonesome Fair Saturday and Sunday, gentte to moderate southwest to south winds, ex :ept east over extreme south portion. Highets temperature yesterday. 82 de gress; lowest 78 degrees. without War Savings Certifi cate. VOL. XXI. NO. 152. PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, SATURDAY MORNING, JUNE 1, 1918. PRICE FIVE CENTS 1 I IK II I II I I! I II II I II III III f II Ji ll GEilJSM hobiedk out for pis BOCHE FLIER Another. "Free" Russian Republic Is "Permitted" by the Germans President and Mrs. Wilson at United Mate Aviation Field IS SHOT STfflP DRIVE INAUGURATED ON BIG SCALE 01J Occupation of Chateau Thierry Seems to Mark Beginning of Turning Movement. HUN HAS DRIVEN WEDGE DEEPER Defen the rs of Heights North of Marne Seem to Have Been Swept Away. (Associated Press Summary.) Plunging southward, with Us mo mentum still unspent, the German war machine has driven Its wedge Into the Allied lines along a front until the Apex reaches the Marne river south to Ferre cn Tardenois. Desperate efforts of the French and British to stem the tide against the invaders have served only to slow down the advance. De fenders of the heights north of the Marne seem to have been swept aside in the enemy's rush toward the road t Paris. The Germans also have ex tended their attack northwest, along the AHette river, where the French have fallen hack for Borne distance, and the; battle has been extended to east of Itht-imt. which city, during the first few days of battle, formed the extreme eastern end of the battle line. Along the sides "of a salient formed by the German advance to the Marne, French find British are holding their positions gallantly. The occupation of Chateau Thierry marks the beginning of the ex pected turning movement toward Paris 4 which lpifiaan8 are believed to X II i (line (. u Hi' l l J i .iiii ii , t t'tken."thr German may be expected! to move down to the Marne. Before they can go farther in this direction, however, it will bo necessary for them to break the French lines south of Solssonw, for as long as the French stand firm along the Soissons-Harten-ncs road, the ' German advance Is in jeopardy. The Germans, however, claim to already have crosesd the line, an at tack along the Allette may be the be ginning of a movement that will' seek to prevent the French from making heavy attack somewhere in the neigh borhood of Soissons. General Foch, commander-in-chief of the allied forces, has not yet brought his reserves Into action. All reports from Ihe field of battle tell of the allied forces being vastly outnumbered. American soldiers at Cantigny again repulsed the repeated German attacks to oust them from a position they cap tured early In-the week, while -in the Toul sector they penetrated German po sitions to a depth of almost half a mite and destroyed German defenses. GERMAN STATEMENT SAYS ATTACK PROGRESSES FAVORABLY BERLIN, via.. London, May 31. "On a front from Noyon to west of Rheims our attack is progressing favorably. says a German official communication this evening. CASUALTIES IN BRITISH ' RANKS FOR MONTH OF MAY LONDON, May 31. Casualties in the British ranks reported during the month of May reached a total of 166. S02. The losses were divided as fol lows: Killed or died of wounds : Off icers 1,536; men, 20,518. Wounded or missing: Officers, 6,182; men, I38,56. Total, 166,803. British casualties reported week bvfics. To. take victorious advantage week have recently been running nearjof the success they have so far gained the 40,000 mark, evidently representing the losses sustained during tha heavy fighting that started with the begin ning of the German offensive in March. The - total reported during April was only 52,475. as the lists apparently did rot begin to reflect fully the effects of the casualties sustained In resisting the German thrusts In Picardy and Flan ders until the beginning of May VALOR OF ALLIED FORCES BAFFLES THE GERMANS PARIS. May 31. Baffled by the valor of the allied soldiers, the Germans yes terday failed to enlarge greatly the pocket in the aliled line. Even in the enter the enemy appears to have been held and the advance there Is slacken ing. In accordance with their favorite ma neuver the Germans apparently are swing!i.gr their columns eastward with the object of getting around Rheims through Ville en Tardenois and the valley of theArdre, The basion consti tuted by the Ruined city and the high ground knowtty as th mountain of Ilheims is a menace to the German flink. It is too strung to he attacked from in front with any chance of suc cess, so the enemy is trying to turn it from the southwest. While any prog ress by the Germans on French soil, with tiie inevitable trail of ruins and desolation, strikes French hearts sore- y, the unswerving confidence with te IHUJABV A UKRAENIA. tzar v "With Germany's consent" another republic has been added to the list of "free" Rusiasn states. It - is ta be known as "White Russia," as distin guished from "Greater Russia," which is the Bolshevik! nation. White Russia Includes .the province of LIthunia and takes in the territory north of the Ukrane, with Poland and GERMANS CLAIM THE CAPTURE OF OVER 45,000 MEN .BERLIN, via London, May 31 More than forty-five thousand prisoners and far in excess of four hundred guns, and a thou sand machine guns, have been i.yrmni says the of ficial statement. which the public views the situation is most remarkable. No doubt is felt a3 to the outcome and there is no weak ening. in the resolve to fight on to the end The fighting front, it is declared, runs as follows"; From Chavigny, north of Soissons it describes a circle west of that city and rejoins the river Crise south of Sois sons. Then it goes to Berzy, follows the Soissons-Chateau Thierry road until near Hartennes, where it bends south east to Grand Rozoy. t' Then on south ward, leaving Mulchy-le-Chateau it passes Nanteuil-Notre Dame and ad vances toward the Marne to Courey, Brecy, Courpoil and Le Channel, which marks its extreme soutnern point. Through Vezilly. .Brouillett, Savigny and Thillois, it runs northeastward to the environs of Rheims The newsoaDers do not attempt to minimize the importance of the Ger man advance. Gabriel Hanotaux, in the FiRaro. compares the strategic situa-. tion with that or the eve of the battle of the Marne. All the commentators, however express confidence that high command will so dispose the allied forces as to restore the situation which L'Homme Libre considers to have reached its maximum point of gravity vesterd.iv. The Petit Parisien says the government oficials who saw the army hof vesterdav returned still confi dent. It is the resistance of the two wings of the allied force which inspires h confidence of all the military cru- the Germans must succeed in oenamg these two hinges, and all their efforts to do this, up to this time have been vain. Another reason for confidence is the arrival of allied reserves. Besides tne mention In the official report of the beginning of ' intervention by these re serves, the Echo de Pans, in a dis patch from the front filed at 2 a. m. today reports that the reserves are ar riving on the battle .ground with ar tillery and auxiliary services. Their entrance into action, the message re ports is being effected methodically without any display of nervousness General Foch and General Petain are working intimately together it adds. In commenting on the intervention of the fresh forces L'Homme Libre says It does not appear doubtful tRat the enemy has reached the extreme point of his advance and that he will en counter the allied reserves, carefully withheld until a favorable moment for a counter attack. AMERICANS SUCCESSFUL IN ANOTHER RAID WASHINGTON, May 31. A successful American raid today in the Woevre sector, in which the enemy's advanced positions were destroyed and losses In flicted in killed, wounded and prison ers, is reported in Pershing's evening communique. a mw3 Kit I 1 I I I I 1 Id war j fY ' .'COSSACK the-Baltic provinces ond the wast. Great Russia on the north, and Siberia on the east. Its chief, city is Minsk. A coalition government has been formed- "under Germany's protection" and negotiations are proceeding re garding the part Lithunia will, play In the new nation. BATTLE IN AIR IN WHICH U. S. FLIERS WIN OUT MUCH AERI AL ACTI VITY ON WHEN THREE GERMAN MA CHINES ARE DOWNED. WITH THE AMERICAN" ARMY IX FRANCE, May 31. (By the Associat ed Press) There was much aerial activity on the front northwest of Toul today,! If not three German ma chines were shot down, lieutenant Edward Rickenbacher, the former automobile racer, 'not only brought down one machine, but res cued Lieutenant James A. Melssner of Brooklyn, after his machine had been damaged. Single handed Ricken bacher . attacked two Albatross bi planes and three monoplanes. A hundred rounds sent one of the bi planes crashing to the ground. "The lieutenant attacked another which sought safety in flight. Meanwhile, the remaining German machine had descended too low ror Rickenbacher to attack. As he was returning home he saw four German airplanes com ing toward him. He turned , and saw Lieutenant Melssner. who was flyin high, attack one enemy machine Just as a second hostile airplane attacked Melssner.. Meissner's machine collid ed with one of the enemy and a wing of the American's airplane was torn. Meissner immediately turned toward home when a third enemy machine, seeing that he was crippled, took has tily after him. Rickenbacher made a long dive and drove oft the German with his machine gun, undobutedly saving Meissner. The combat took place east of Thiaucourt. In another flght two -American pi lots were " forced to withdraw be cause their guns became jammed just as they attacked the neemy. Another pilot encountered Ave hostile machines and had fired six bursts without ap parent damage . and the enemy ma chines retired. , Later five Americans saw two ene my machines over Apremont. They attempted to get away as the Amer icans came up, but two Americans got on the tail of one of , the enemy machines. Hundreds of bullets were fired into the fuselage of the Ger man airplane and it crashed into a wood. The other enemy machine was chased down by an American and it waa seen to overturn as it reached the ground. The results of several other combats have not yet been re ported. ..'. . '.' An American aviator was captured by the Germans in No Man's Land after his machine had been damaged in a fight between five American ma chines and a German squadron. The American aviator was last seen going into the enemy trenches under. cover of German rifles. Three American ambulances were caught in the raid. Sergeant Nathan Wells of San FTancisco, who was driv ing the first ambulance said: "Our three ambulances were hurry ing to hospitals with patients when a bomb wrecked a building directly in Xroht of us, in a narrow street. Our ambulance were perforated by flying missiles. We were all hurled out but escaped with a few scratches." Fighting By? Aircraft Has Been In Progress Since . Day break, Cables Report FOUR GERMAN ATTACKS STOPPED Machine Guns Are Especially Active Captain, of German "TivTs W3TH THE AMERICAN ARMY IX FRANCE, May 31. (By the Associ ated Press) American aviators shot down another German airplane today on tjie front northwest of Toul. It fell withtn the American lines. The aerial activity in this sector continues. Fighting by aircraft has been in progress since daybreak. Four German counter attacks yes terday against the American troops at Cantigny, west of Montdidier were re pulsed after sharp fighting. Machine- guns werf especially ac tive during the day."' A pounded German captain was captured. . ' , SEVERE BOMBARDMENT OF THE AMERICAN POSITION. WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, May 31 (By the Associ ated Press) German artillery in the course of the. night severely bombard ed the new positions of the Americans at Cantigny, west of Monticlidier. They fired as many as four thousand high explosive shells in a brief space of time. Several attempts made by the Germans to come were repulsed with heavy losses by the Americans. oners in the flght'.ng at, Cantigny is j commanded by General Lome and j Stauge. This officer served on both : the Russian- and western fronts and j came to Cantigny between May 12 and 15. His division participated in the German offensive on the San river in , May, 1915 which pierced the Russian front in Galicia. AMERICAN FIRE DRIVES BACK TANK DIVISION WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, Thursday. May 30 By the Associated Press. In one of the counter attacks launched against th Americans in Cantigny, the Germans tried to use tanks. American artil lery opened a heavy fire, driving both the foot soldiers and the tanks back in disorder. The new American positions in Can tigny are being improved constantly. The Americans have not budged an inch since they gained the town. Every time the enemy artillery, starts a bombardment the American gunners smother the opposition fire. German airmen flying at a great height penethated many miles to the rear of the American lines today. They were driven off by anti-aircraft guns and were unable to drop any bombs. PRETENTIOUS RAID MADE ON PICARDY POSITIONS AMERICANS -WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE. May SO By the Associat ed Press German airmen made a pretentious raid on the area behind the American lines in Picardy last night. . Bumbs were dropped on all sides of one of the largest hospitals in a town many miles to the rear ot the front. American nurses and mem bers of the American Red Cross. Only a few person were injured by flying glass as most of the win dows in. the hospital had been shat tered by bombs dropped the previous night. Several private houses were wrecked and a number of civilians. Including several babies, were killed and injured. That -' the raid - was planned on a much larger scale than recent ones over this territory is evidenced by re ports made by many Americans in villages over which the raiders passed. The Germans came in wave formation and then scattered widely. One equd ron ; dropped bombs a few feet from an American field hospital and at the same time one of the long range guns shelled village a Xew hundred, yards away. , . - The. first was sounded at 11 o'clock. The dropping of bombs and the firing of iriany, anti-aircraft guns began al most immediately. After a brief paus the raiders returned to remain al most until dawn. A new American evacuation hos pital has beeiT Opened only yesterday in a certain village. A bomb fell in front of it last night and -shattered windows but none of the patients was Injured. - - In some instances the bombs fell within thirty and forty feet of a ls pital building, but fortunately there was no direct hits. A French nurse her i mother and two little sisters (Continued on Page Three.) I ' I I". x, $ I P O '-, c 0 - l1 I (A 4$ fill 1 This photograph of the president and Mrs. Wilson was snapped recently .in Washington when they witnessed the start of the first a.irplane on the regular air "mail route between the capital and New York. The president' left hand is still bandaged, it. will be n oUced." ' He recently burned it by tak ing hold of an exhaust pipe while inspecting a battle tank. . T0-FrY-IrICOME TAXASSESSMENT BY JUNE 15 NEXT COLLECTOR OF INTERNAL REV ENUE" TODAY MAILS OUT NOT ICES SO FAR RECEIVED, AD VISING TAXPAYERS OF AMOUN DUE. JACKSONVILLE, Fla., June. 1. (Spe cial.) Collector of Internal. Revenue J. M. Cathcart today will have mailed out all notices so far received . from the department in Washington, advising the tax payers in Florida the amount they are due on income tax. This .amount must be paid by June 15. These notices of assessments were not prepared -by the' collector in Flor ida, but by the treasury department in Washington: and tin- -collector in Flor ida is sending' all flie notices out just as rapidly as they are received. The total collections for the year ending June ."0.-the collector estimates between W,,G0t0.K0 -and 7.k,loO.Ml. Remittances covering payments 'of all j internal -revenue1 taxes should be marti payable to J. M. Oatheart collector and mailed to him at Jacksonville, Fla FINE AUTO USED FOR A JOY RIDE ! A fine Chandler seven-passenger' car the property of a naval officer at the air station, disappeared strangely from the San Carlos hotel early, yesterday morning, and for -about an hour the police were" kept'tryinK to identify gUeh a car. ' Later,", or about sun-up; ih missing car was found, near the corner of Spring and Garden street; and just how long it had been used was not announced. It 'showed some evidence of very hard usage. TO INSTALL NEW ARCHBISHOP .NEW ORLEANS. La., May St. An' event 'of wide interest in Catholic ability to come back after a year ol church circles -".'will be : the formal in-j private citizenship. stallation tomorrow or the Most Rev. In the office of the city clerk yester John W. Shaw as archbishop of New j day ballot boxes w ere being prepared, Orleans, in succession to the late Arch-! for despatching at an early hour Mon bisbrop Blenk., The, ceremony wil! be-: day morning to the dozen city voting irin with a street nrocession of Catho-1 places. This work was done yesterday lie societies in which thousands wi.'l'by Mr. Ileinberg, the clerk, because of - . , . . ... .-i f .li pass m review oerore ine new rcn i me nau-nonaay season in me rnj iu bishop. The ceremony of . installation! and also because today is payday in will take place at St.: Joseph's churciijlhe city and dozens of checks will and will be of a simple but Impressive j have to be made out during today's character. "Two papal bulls w ill be! busy half-day in the city building, read, one directed to the Arebbishopj .After being thus prepared, the boxes and the other to the clergy.. After the were locked up in the vault for the formal installation the clergy vi?l of-j night. Returns will be made Monday fer the - Archbishop their obedience byf night at the city ball, to; be received kissing his ring, following which the j Commissioner etaoin etaoin ctaoin tai solemn blessing will be given. 'by the canvassing committee. OMlZEMTIOM:0Jl CRUSHERS ASSN: HERE NEXT WEEK THREE-DAY SESSION OF ALA BAMIANS WILL OPEN WED NESDAY, AND MANY ENTER TAINMENTS ARE PLANNED. : The Alabama Cotton Seed Crushers Association will hold its annual con ventoin in l'ensacola June 5, - C and 7 next. . The members will assemble in ihe auditorium of the San Carlos hotel for the business sessions and a series of ' entertajninents have been arranged during the btuy of the men of "this or- There will ' be-dinners ana suppers, a rule on the bay and trips to tue va rious interesting points in and around l'ensacola. "lTie Cotton Seed Crushers Associa tion has met here before but last year chose Mobile. While being well look ed after in fTie Uulf. City the concensus of opinion was that Pensacola was rather superior for a convention city. This convention will be of . a patriot ic nature to work out what can be done to aid the government in winning the. war. Ir. George Laug, executive secretary of the National Council of iK'lense of the Alabama Division, will b here and address the delegates to the convention. The officers of the . association are L. M. Potter of Birmingham, president; I. S. Stanton, Montgomery, vice presi dent and C. K. McCord, of Prattville, secretary and treasurer. CITY ELECTION TO BE HELD MONDAY One name wil appear on' the ballot to! be voted on in the regular city elec tion Monday. This will be that of Frank It. Pou, and it is expecteoi. that the results will be made known half an hour after, the polls close. The only results to be declared will be the num ber of votes east, .as a compliment tOj the commissioner who demonstrated ai House to House Canvass Is rianned During the .Coming Week. WOMAN WORKERS - CONDUCT BOOTHS War Work Committe of Escam bia County of Woman's Or . ganization Called Oiu City Campaign Manager Charles B. Hervey "of the San Carlos hotel, last night stated that he would in all prob ability announce the names' of his com mittee today and organization for Um house to houso campaign In enaacola. will bo inaugurated during the week. mere are many details yei ui we worked out and when everything is in readiness the drive will be sent for ward with a rush. Next Saturday will see the booths of the worn Vi workers established in all prominent places, the San Carlos Hotel, tiie poslorriee and the leading mercan tile establishments of the city, with a corps of workers at every booth. There also will be committees to visit all sec tions of the city. The Kseambia County Women's War Wurk Committee will be called upon for assistance, which will be promptly given. When this organization was formed it was stated that It's purpose was .to aid in every call for war ser vice and the War Saving Stamp man agers are going to call upon these cap tains, lieutenants and sergeants. They will be depended upon because the man-aget-tfsknow they will receive a hearty ritiponse. v ' Wednesday next at 5 "o'clock in th "vnrrnWT :iitTn Sa"irCfIK-ffonvM-6 they wil be addressetf by Dr. George Lang, executive secretary of the Na tional Council of Defense, Alabama di vision on tho subject of War Saving Stamps and will be given implicit in structions in regard to this special drive. With the organization the.fe Pensa cola women have formed, to canvass the city for every war purpose their aid In the War Saving Stamp drive wilt be invaluable. The women of pensacola, who have heretofore been working In the interest of War Saving Stamps, will soon put on a minstrel how. The only delay now in the matter is to find a suitable place for the performance. Those who will participate will be of local talent and others from the naval air station .where there are ex celent artists in theTr respective lines. Those attending will be called upon to purchase two thrift stamps, at fifty cents and they to retain the stamps, which will be a couple more "licks" against the Kaiser. When and where the minstrel show will be given will be announced later. The postoffice department at Wash ington. D. C, is requesting all postmas ters of the first, second and third class es, to send in reports of sales of War Saving Stamps and Thrift Stamps cov ering the entire period during whlcn. they have been on sale, from Decem ber 4017 to Mav 1918 Inclusive. RETAIL CLERKS ASK FOR CHARTER The retail clerks of Pensacola hava applied to the Retail Clerk's Interna tional Protective Association, with a union charter, they having organized here with about forty .members aa a, nucleus. The clerks have been formed into union body by K. M. Keile, president of the Pensacola Trades Council. As soon as the charter is granted the local union will bo given its numerical designation and officers will be elected. It was yesterday stated by temporary officers of the new body that there ar a number of union workmen coming Into Pensacola who wish to deal with establishments favorable to the union and employers appear to favor the movement. The clerks felt that under the circumstances they should fall in line with the general union sentiment which exists in Pensacola. FEDERAL RESERVE BANK ALLOWED WASHINGTON, May 31. Special.) William P. G. Harding, governor of tho, federal reserve board, advised Senator, Fletcher today that the federaL reserve board has directed the federal reserve bank at Atlanta to establish a branctl at Jacksonville. A commute has been directed to arrange the details. This is second branch to be established in that district. A branch having been prevl-, ousiy established at New Orleans.