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The Weather Local showers Wednesday and Thurs day, .gentle to moderate - wlnda mostly south. - Highest temperature yesterday, 83 de grees; lowest, 74 degrees. ; DO NOT FORGET THAT WAR SAVINGS STAMFS ARK NOT FOR CHILDREN ONX.T. MOST OF THE SQUANDERING 18 DONB BT GROWN-UPS. . : . , ' ', PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JULY 31, 1918. PRICE FIVE CENTS VOL. XXI. NO. 212. FOUR KEELS OF MI1BER TOLD OF LOCAL FRY 10 llfllfllEfflPEM Where 0ur Soldiers "Reconstructed" (RflTfltllllllSilUE GREflTVESSELS STOP 0DVADGE4U of liucnns Most Deadly Barrage Ever Laid Down Penetrated by Troops of Uncle Sam. FORM APEX OF ALLIED FRONT Went Through Over TwoMiles But Feat Considered Bril liant Operation. (By Associated Press.) With the American Army on Aisne-Marne, July 30. Through a barrage as deadly as any the Germans have laid down in any sector for months, the American soldiers pushed their line for ward a little more today, and to night it forms the apex of a Jong Allied front. Their progress, though less then two miles is regarded as a brilliant operation in view of the determined countering by the Germans. AMERICANS WELCOMED BY ITALIAN PEOPLE Italian Army Headquarters in Northern Italy, July 30. Amer ican troops continue to arrive here, f They- are " in" excellent condition and - splendid spirits. Nothing has been left undone by Italians to show the Americans how much their presence is ap preciated in Italy. AMERICANS ENLARGE MONDAY'S BRILLIANT VICTORIES Associated Press Summary. American troops fighting north of the Ourcq have enlarged Monday's brilliant victory at Sergy, where tuey cut to uieces divisions of Germany's picked troops notwithstanding the pow erful opposition of machine guns and large numbers of the enemy. Soldiers from the middle west and eastern states drove a line north from Sergy, about two miles, Tuesday, and rested for the night on slopes approaching woods beyond Nesles. The Fernch also moved forward for gains northeast of Fere- en-Tardenois and east of Sergy. : - . The Germans are apparently on the eve of attempting to end their retreat from the Soissons-Rheims salient, turining and offering a frontal battle in force to the allies. The day of rear guard actions seems drawing to a close. Violent counter offensive measures are already in progress and the allied ad vance has materially slowed down. Allies, including the Americans, have made further gains, but only after the bitterest kind of fighting. AMERICANS LUNGING AT GERMAN LINES VICIOUSLY Washington, July 30. The second battle of the Marne has entered a new rhase. Both the French and German ofllcial statements tonight reflected an increased fury of fighting for several days past, indicating to officials here a new crisis is approaching. A decision cannot long be delayed, although rela tively small changes in the battle line are noted. The manner in which the Germans have launched local counter attacks and the vigor with which every point is being defended, indicates to ollleials they have reached a line which they purpose defending at all costs. The offensive action appeared to con centrate on the American spearhead, striking at the very center of the enemy position, and it is quite evident the Germans regarded this thrust as menacing. If the American spearhead is further advanced, as the result of the present prolonged struggle, it might create a situation which would force a further German withdrawal to escape envelopment, it is thougnt. There Is some fear, however, the im peuosity of the Americans might lead them too far forward, placing them in danger. UIERICiXS FIGHT 21 HOURS H1THOUT STOPPING London. July 30, 4:il p. m. (By Associated Press) American troops in the Soissons-Rheims sector have been liKhtins: virtually without cessation along their whole line for the last twenty-four hours. The German defense had stiffened, and the Americans had made very little fresh progress up to noon today, according to dispatches this afternoon. LEFT OH FIELD American Fighters Sustain Very. Heavy Attack and Drive Ger mans From' Town. . ' U. S. TROOPS IN LINE NEW COUNTER Desperate Struggle Which Con- tinued Practically Through Entire Day. (By Tho Associated Press). ' London, July "30.- Describing the attack of the fourth guard division of the Americans who are now organiz ing their lino after their victory. ReuterS correspondent wltn ! th American army telegraphing Monday, says the Americans were at . consid erable disadvantage in numDers in this fighting. "'There was no holding the crack, fresh picked division of guards as it came down the hill," he continues. "The Americans had to glve ground to weight of numbers and fougnt back step by step through Sergy down-, to the Ourcq. They were very far from down, however, and before the Ger mans realized it, they had been forced to yield ground and were pushed clear through the village. "That was the beginning of a des perate struggle which continued alt day. Each side in turn had possession of the village until the evening, when the Americans, with a final fury of determination, swept the Germans from the ruins and then up the hill, broke another counter attack of the Germans guards and remained victor ious on a field where the enemy's dead actually lay in heaps. "The piles of German dead were all the more noticeable," the correspond ent adds, "since the Germans camo Into the fight with complete brand new equipment, as if they had turnea out for dress parade before the em peror. "Another German thrust drove the Americans back from Beugneaux near Grand Roboy, northwest of Fere en Tardenois." Some advance has been effected by the allies in Ardre valley, along the easterly side of the front, towards the village of Aubllly. A certain amonn. of ground likewise has been gained near the center in the neighborhood of Villers-Agron Alguizy. The main advance on the westerly side of the front seems to have Been at Grand Rozoy about five miles northwest of Fere en Tardenois. The French here are progressing north onto the crest of the plateau between the Vesle and the Ourcq. , , Thereha, been heavy fighting nea Buzancy, five miles south of Solssons and also in Plessler wood, about five miles further south. In this latter lo cality 45 prisoners were taken be longing to three divisions of tne en emy now engaged in the Marne sal ient. There are seventy-one such divisions, or which ten belong to the northern army of Crown Prince Rup- preeht of Bavaria. The enemy's withdrawal is stilt re ported orderly and military opinion in London discounts the possibility of any rounding up of Germans m the salient. FUTILE EFFORTS MADE TO DISLODGE AMERICANS "With the American Army on the Marne FYont, July 30. Under a fire from the enemy only slightly less than that of yesterday, the Americans on the -front north of the Ourcq held on to their positions this forenoon and even advanced a little toward the road from Serlnges to Sergy. Repeated effort, by the enemy to dislodge the Americans were futile. On the Americans left the Frenen are moving forward. To the right the lines are holding steadily. The guards that were brought in by the Germans to attack the Americans yesterday appeared today to have been withdrawn by the German command. The fighting Is the heaviest the Americans have expertenepi. Thfr eondivt is winning the nrsise nf tne French observers. ISSUE DETAILS WAGE INCREASE Washington. July 30. Details of the new wage . increase allowed railroad shop employees, which will go Into effect Thursday, were issued today by the railroad administration for the guidance of paymasters. A few com plaints that the increase Is adequate have reached the administration and will be, referred to the board on rail road wages and working condi tions which may recommend further changes. It was stated th.it no threats of strikes because of dissatisfaction over the increase have been receivcil. Mi- to it? Y j " Birdseye view of the great "convalescent reconstruction hospitals' which will be built in each of the 16 military districts of the county. Each will accommodate 1000 wounded soldiers. ENEMY THROWS OVER A MILLION INTOBIGBATTLE FRESH TROOPS VIGOROUSLY ( COUNTER ATTACKING AROUND CIRCULAR LINE FROM SOISSON TO NEAR RHEIMS. - By ' ASSOCIATED PRESS. , jThe. German-f have thrown more than a million men Into the gigantic battle between Solssons and Rheims and have been viciously counter attacking anjordBet forth and clear the namo around the circular line that stretcJx-sTof this young naturalized foreianer, from Soissons to the neighborhood ol Rheims. Even this formidable force, how ever, appears to have made not more than a dent or two In the allied front in its latest effort, while at various points, progress for the allies, siignt but important, is reported. . Regarding the strength of the Ger man' force, unofficial advices state mat there are seventy-one Teuton divisions engaged In the struggle. The strength of a German division is about 13,500 on a normal footing, so that if all the units resisting the allies north of the Marne had been kept up to standard. mere are i.u8,500 men trying to hold the line until the situation is relived. Of these divisions there are ten drawn from Crown Prince Rupprecht's army. m tne norm s The German crown prince had in the neighborhood of 500,000 men between Rheims and Chateau-Thierry when tha attacK across the Marne began on July 13. The increase in the number of divisions engaged In the battle would appear to indicate that he had since that time drawn heavily on other army groups. It would also seem that tnis action on his " part reflects the Impor tance of this battle in the eyes oi tue German high command. r Through the German counter blow, the Americans were driven back from Cierges, southeast of Fere en Tarde nois, while to the northewest of Fere, the Americans have also been forced out of Baugneux, into which they naI penetrated, after passing through Grand Rozoy. , Buzencyi situated on the west side of the Crise river, about live miies south of Soissons, has also been the scene of heavyy fighting, and the bat tle appears to have been general aiong the line south of that point, notably in Plessier wood, near where the front1 turns abruptly to the east. ! . One the other end cf the battle line there has been sharp engagemnts. nut reports credit the allies win, making an advance at Aubilly, in the Ardre river valleyy, west of Rheims. mey, have also forged ahead further down: toward the bottom of the pocket, at Villers Agron Aiguizy. -? While these counter blows against the allied lines are general ana ui..nn,.nfc o- mo. great iume, it is not believed in Lon-j Tonignt, Cliff Williams, of the Uni mat me enemy, intends to make: ted states employment service, was a real stand south of the esle river. fleeted by a large crowd at Morocco Paris on the other hand, seems to be-tTempe where he delivered a strong heve that the Germans may heve flxed appeal for local co-operation and com upon the present location of their pkjted the organization-of a self pre- armies as the field upon which they will turn at bay. Little has been reported to amplify the Copenhagen dispatch to the effect that Turkey and Germany have broken off relations. Amsterdam advices, how ever, indicate that Turkey intends to pursue :an aggressive policy in tne Caucasus . region, ihe field eupposediy set aside for German exploitation. This may carry a measure of confirm tion of the rumors that the quadruple alliance has broken over the division or spoils subsequent to tne peace treaties with Russia and Rumania. In Trenches, Yet Reported As a Slacker In Florida Friends and local relatives of Peter Chackney,.who has been in France for the past four months, and who has been in the service for upward of ten months, were visibly displeased a couple of days ago when notice was received from the ofllce of Major An derson, in charge of the draft at Tal lahassee, notifying young Chackney to report at once at the oflice of the draft headquarters or be classed . as a de serter from the. United States military forces. The notice , was: received by Constantine Strategakos, uncle or Chackney,' and the latter at once, took the .matter ,up with. lhj iocal-board ana yesterday supplied aU infivrmation to James Macglbbon, of the Kseamoia comty , board, in order to have th? who Is really now in the trenches. Ten . months ago, the record shows, young Chackney was enlisted and was In the first draft which left Pensacola. The latest letter to his relatives here is dated somewhere in . France, June INCREASE IN WAR i TAX SHORTLY Washington, July 30. Ten per cenS tax on gross sales of manufacturers, producers and imporetrs of automo biles, piano players, graphophones. sporting goods, cosmetics, patent medi cines, cameras, jand similar articles,: was tentatively agreed on by the;House ways and means committee. Theres ent excise tax on most of these arti cles is about three per cent. The, in creased tax Is expected to produce im mensely a greater revenue from these sources, although no estimate Is made of the total yield-. Motor trucks will be taxed only half of the increased rate. - , LIVE WIRE DOWN CAUS3JS BIG STIR There was quite a stir in the vicinity of the Blount building at 11:15 o'clock yesterday morning when it. became known that a Jive wife was on the ground, liable to knoo the life out of any creature vyhich came in contact with it. Of course, the electric com pany was notified as soon as possible, but pending the arrival of hurriedly summoned electricians, - Officer Touart was hurried there and stood guard over the Imminent danger until things were made safe by a corps of men from the electrical company's office. LLABOR PROGRAM r ABLY SUPPORTED Jacksonville, Fla., July .30. f Special) ! Florida's coast metropolis, in common! with other cities, has fallen enthusi-' astically into, line to support the gov- servation loyalty . league, begun when he was here two weeks ago. , After visiting Bartow, Wednesday, Mr. Williams speaks at Lakeland. Plant City and Tampa on Thursday, at Tal lahassee Saturday, and finishes tna week. Xvithr'a Sunday afternoon . meet ing in Pensacola. Particular effort Is ; being made in these meetings and organization of leagues to prepare five states of the sixth district for. furnishing their re spective labor qoutas which will shortly be demanded in support of es sential was Industries. 23. and it tells of actual activities in which' Cliackney had been engageu. He could not send on a detailed ac counts nor could he positively identify the unit to which he is attached, be cause of the censorship, and there is no way of finding out that unit. His address, however, is given in the letter and corespondehce has been exchanged. Before leaving with the division to which he was attached, young Chack ney. gave up ,a very lucrative and grow ing grocery business on West Govern ment street.- Being .an unmarried man. and as he had o brothers or sisters in this country,' he; turned' his business over ta-M.. SirAtcgakoar" h.j-; hnclet Jais" nearest relative nl America, and in let ters;addreAsed to.that'' party, he ad dresses him ns '"dear father,"-' indiea ting his feelings for- his sole relative here. The ; la iter resides at 201 West Zarragossa street, and stated yesterday that, despite the fact that the business would be Vnattended.. Chackney never tried to got in any deferred classifi cation, but ffjve up his interests here, anxious to help at the front. FINE PRODUCTS OF ESCAMBIA FARM Returning to farming after follow ing other vocations for fifteen years, M. F. Hicks is enthusiastic over the agricultural possibilities of Escambia county. On his farm one mile south of Roberts he has seven acres of corn, and two acres i each of peanuts, sweet potatoe. and watermelons. As speci mens .of what .he has produced he brought to The Journal office two stalks of corn, one with seven and one with -six ears, together with a water melon measuring 25 1-2 inches long and weighing 40 pounds. Mr. HicVv. says that all of his crops are in splendid condition, pro.Vsing good yields, and ' he is well pleased with his farming venture, as it has convinced'im of the productivity of the soil In this section. JNO. P. SANDUSKY IS NEW CHAIRMAN Because of his pressing ! duties at Bayview.-'W. Chlpley Jones yesterday resigned from the chairmanship of the entertainment and sport3 committee of the War Camp Community Service. Mr. Jones has figured in a great many successful field programs, anal x had proved himself a great aid in the ar rangement of the programs. '. It was announced last night that! John P. Sandusky, a member . of the committee named, had been eiected to succeer Chairman Jones, and Mr. Sandusky has accepted. ' Holding membership for some time on the body Mr. Sandusky comes into the chair manship with not little experience, which qualifies him as a worthy Suc cessor of the chairman, resigned. SUB. WARFARE FAST DECLINING Parjs. July 30. The growing Inef fectiveness of the submarine wanare is indicated "by official figures just pub lished by the French government, re lating to the French traffic in the Med iterranean. - ; - According to these figures, jiot fewer than 2,060 vessels, chiefly merchant men; with a total tonnage of 3.500.000. crossed . the Mediterranean . between February 2i and April , under escort. The average number of ships coming to or departing from France wa 240. The submarine attacks nevertheless had so diminished in force that only one In four resulted in damages to the ships, and one out of every ten attacks was entirely fruitless. The result has been that the water traffic has steadily increased from January to February to aiarcu. YJIJ. DRIVE Luncheon Yesterday Featured by Able Explanation by William Fisher. CO-OPERATION OF ROTES IS ASKED Sufferings in Prison Camps by Men Are Vividly Described.. v - The Y. M. C. A. was the chief topio of yesterdays 'Rotary luncheon. . William Fisher outlined plans for the membership campaign to be held next week and asked the full co-operation of the Rotarians. Mr. Fisher, ex plained the advantages of "Y" ; mem bership and stated that large numbers of new men have come to . Pensacola during the past year who should be interested in the work of the assoeia f!on. He nelieves there Is much good Y. 'M.-C. A. material among the new comers and that both they and the as sociation will benefit through their membership. Mr. Fisher stated that j there are also a number of men and boys who have long - been residents of the city who should be members of the "Y.' The wide scope of association work iwas told by K. G. Wilson, of the in- idustrial department of the international 'committee.: Mr. Wilson described viv idly the sufferings of men in German prison camps and of the relief given them through the Y. M. C. A. He was actively engaged In Y. M. C. A. relief work in Germany until this country entered the war, when he pas placed in charge of the association office In Copenhagen. lie described the two and a half or-three million prisoners of war te!d "by "Germany as a" mass -of Buffering humanity,, suffering from wounds,' hunger and disease. ."Even thoMgh Germany wished to." he said, "it would be impossible for that coun try to properly care for its prisoners beeHuse it lacks the means to do so." Thousands die of disease in the Ger man prison camps, he said, and thous ands die of hunger. Tuberculosis, dys entery and smallpox carry off the men in large numbers, and many die as a result of malnutrition. In talking with a group of Russian prisoners, he said that they constantly cried: "Give us bread, we must have bread." Mr. Wilson stated that American, British and French prisoners are given relief through the Red Cross and other agencies, but the lot of the captive Russians and .Siberians is pitiful. He recited an authentical report of the food served to the prisoners wherein the meat which came to the camp was served to the officers In -charge of the truards. The bones were thrown to the dogs which assisted in guarding the prisoners, and after the dogs hnd fin ished with them the bones were gath ered and made into soup for the unfor tunate captives. Mr. Wilson stated that many prte oners had become Insane as a result of their sufferings while cut off from their friends and insufficiently cared for and fed. He explained the ' relief work which the Y. M. C. Aj is doing and read several letters of apprecia tion which he had received from Amer lean prisoners who were among tho first to be confined In German camps. In addition to the relief work abroad, he said, the association has an important work at home, through its local organizations, and he urged the Rotarians to assist in the utmost in the membership campaign of the Pensacola Y. M. C. A. - Mr. Wilson Is visiting the important shipbuilding and war industry plants of the country for the purpose of ex tending Y. M. C. A. work. J. H. Sherrill told the Rotarians that no other organization has had so im portant a part as the Y. M. C. A. in de veloping the physical, mental and moral welfare of the men and boys of Pensacola and that the influence of the association would be increased in proportion with the success of the forthcoming membership campaign- The Rotarians unalmously endorsed the membership campaign and Presi dent W.TI. Watson appointed Sol Cahn. W. B. Logan, J. B. McNeill and Chas. H. Turner a committee to co-operate with the Y. M. C. A committee Tentative plans for the campaign have been formed and will be definitely determined today. It is proposed to form several teams which will enroll new members next week. STEEL NEEDED BY SHIPPING BOARD Washington, July 30. Steel require ments of the shipping board for the next three months call for one million tons, an increase of a quarter million tons over the regular monthly sched ule for that period.. This increase is desired so as to provide a reserve of a million, three hundred and thirty thousand tons by. November, , no E ijf LI Pensacola Shipbuilding Company Quietly But Surely Mak- 11 ing Great Records. i FIRST LAUNCHING BE IN SEPTEMBER Policy of Company Has Not Been to Make Promises " But to Show Concrete Results. Not the least Interesting- phase of this tremendous world struggle la the Industrial development In this coun try, which haa reached itar height In ship construction at the yard of th Pensacola Ship Building ttfant. which Is under contract to the PJmergencv . 1 Fleet Corporation for the building of ten ateel cargo ships, flva of whleu will " floon be under erection at one time, the keels of four of these great sea-going leviathans having already been laid. , - - f , The Pensacola Ship Building com pany has eet tho pace for ship con struction In this . country, the first foundation, for building' having been completed about the middle of Febru ary, within sixty days .thereafter ac tual construction work ; on the first ship having been under way, Tht is said to be the record accomplish ment as to actual performance ef any riant In the country. ' , TVia firm lahMtilfiv .Mt V .l..i ,u!. v latter part of September, at which ' t time, no doubt, the public will he tn- , vited to see the great ehip sup f ion " the ways. A.. - Perhaps one reason for the spirit of cooperation which exists? st tne Pen sacola Shin Building . plent and th'V record time -which has been m&d. Is " th .fact that the men at the rtead ' this great Industrial plant, are them selves workers. "A. C.'JCetler, president ( and John M. Sweeney, vice president ' and . consulting engineer, may ' be found at any time during hours 3- with the men. in the (treat ship yf aiding by advice. Information r(. tual work, in rutting through tha plaV-. that mean speedy and reliable com-A pletion of the Immense fabricated ves- seis wnicn are to carry over-as thsu wealth of democratic: America to bw; foreign allies. Other officer who ir; active in promoting the wort of the plant are Paul P. Stewart, general manager, and W. Wilder, auditor.. The fifth executive head Is Fayett Soule. vice president. In charge of the eastern district,, with headquarters In., Washington. Officials of the company. In speak In of the record work at the Pensa cola Ship Building plant, said: Thi policy of the Ship Building company;, has not been to make promises, btjt throuirh what has already been ae- I complished, enough progress has been made to draw gome comparisons wltn this and other ship yards. "The site selected has been devel oped Into what Is now a model yard, which Is meeting the enthr tic approval of all who have vis? or who have heard of its splendr:: or eonsirucuv worn. rrne ground enclosed cor a prp, n1 hm Vtn 1nV nut wJ present buildings In locations provide for future enlargement; plant, with the expectation eventually all parts, such aa machinery, fittings, etc., will Ylcated on the grounds here. "With the location on'th.. east bank of Bayou Chico. comp ly landlocked, free from high tifl troublesome etorms, ehin n.r T moored here without any risk of dam age during the proces, of outfitting" and completion after launching. "The ships are erected on a mn. tinuous slip of about 8.000 feet -from which the vessels are lannd eldewisa.' The material going Into construction on the stock., " is pla4 In position by gantry cran, whleb operate along the whole length of th (Continued on Page Three) CRITICISMS OF BOMBING PLANE INVESTIGATED Washington, July 30. Widely pub lished reports that Pershing " hnd sharply criticized an American design of the He Haviland bombing air plane. and hao requested , that no more of them oe sfnt to France, Jed Secretary Baker to make public the fact that the General had lust asked tnr the imme diate shipment: of a large number of lhes-3 planes, and Secretary Baker saiJ lhe ord?r had been given priority py the dcpar.ment. Insuring their rapid shipment. More than four hundred of this lyre ere sent to France before. ihe new requisition was received, effff.cioonmvyyhdi cmfwyp mfwy m f "Thore are no perfect air planes," said v the Pfctet.jry of war. ; An inv s licat.'nn of the criticism of the Tc Haviland planes was begun to di. by, the jxulitary,. sub-committee, 4