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The Pensacola journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, September 30, 1918, Image 1

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The Weather
Showers Monday and Tuesday except
Generally Fair Northwest portion; mod
erate shifting winds.
VOL. XXI. NO. 273.
French, British, Belgium and
American Troops Capture Rec
ord Numbers of Enemy
General Allenby's British Forces
Force Enemy Into Retreat
Case to Exist as Fighters
Thei entente allied troops every
where are continuing to make progress
against the forces of-the Teutonic Al
liance. In Belgian Flanders and France
material advances have been made on
all the lighting fronts in Serbia, ter
ritory of the overrun kingdom is fast
being reclaimed, while in Palestine
the Turkish armies under the attacks
of General Allenby and triesmen of the
King of lledjas have virtually ceased
lo exijl as lighting units.
' French, British, American and Bel
gian troops in the last three days have
captured more than 40,000 prisoners,
000 guns, it is estimated, and since
July ISth, the allies have captured
200,000 prisoners, 3,000 guns, 20,000 ma
chine guns and enormous quantities of
material. This does not take into ac
count ; operations in Macedonia and
Palestine. -
With the American Array Isortn
wet of Verdun, Friday, Sept. 29. De
Jails of yesterday's fighting along the
line held by one American corps shows
that the infantry overran the first
German positions. The enemy first at
tempted to make a stand, on the line
running through Cuisy, but the Amer
irans pushed, ahead and by 8:15 o'ciock
Cuisy . was ,'. taken -tnd: efetaelfmstrts
pressed forward as far as the Fayel
farm during the ! forenoon.
Only a few hours after the battle be
gan the correspondent started for the
front. Although American and Ger
man shells had torn up the roads but
a short time before, engineer detach
ments were already filling them in
and making them serviceable. In the
perfectly blue sky there were, as long
as daylight lasted, dozens and some
times scores of airplanes which dart
ed back and forth over the lines and
engaged in daring combats above the
moving columns.
In spite of statements made by pris
oners that the attack was foreseen, it
was evident that the enemy . had not
anticipated the time, place or charac
ter of the assault and had not been
able to make adequate preparation to
meet it or to retire. He lacked re
serves to defend the positions behind
the front line. The American advance
already has cut across the narrow
gauge lines which form the only rail
connection between the two main
railroads from the north.
Take Important Ground.
Fine weather was of great assist
ance to the Americans in sweeping
forward over very difficult ground.
The ground which has been taken is
very important. From the beginning
of the preliminary bombardment un
til nightfal the weather was almost
ideal and gave ample opportunity for
the American airmen to play their
part. Soon after midnight last night,
however, the sky clouded over and
rain was falling so steadily this morn
ing that a staff officer remarked "this
is helping the Germans."
Last evening the German artillery
fire became heavier, apparently indi
cating that he had retired to his sec
ond line of resistance. This line he is
expected to try to hold more tena
ciously. Shells of big calibre ien
vith regularity behind the advanced
American lines as the enemy attempt
ed to silence the American batteries
and damage the roads. These shells,
however, fell almost without excep
tion in woods and fields and did not
impede the advance.
Try to Save Guns.
The Germans apparently made a des
perate effort to withdraw tne neavy
artillery captured by the Americans in
the region of Danevoux, but the Amer
ican artillery had severed the German
lines of communication. In this sec
tor north of Dannevoux, in the great
eloow of the Meuse river, four .iiu
miliimetre guns and eight 150-miIli-mefre
pieces were captured.
To the northwest of Dannevoux the
American artillerists were firing upon
Bnoulles and the roadways to the
south and southwest. To the north
fie American heavy guns were shell
in? Vilosnes and the bridge crossing
tiie Meuse. To the northeast the
American heavy guns had the range of
vry-sur-Meuse, and the river bridge.
mting it impossible for the Germans
withdraw their eauipment. In
pennevoux the Americans captured " a
large amount of German ammunition
nd ali-o the personal baggage of three
Ii?rman regiments. At various points
est of the Meuse the Americans cap
tured many machine guns, trench mor
Ws and sniall artillery pieces.
i E- J--j3a -'- J.' r-f- XjvN " - wet
"rRni-wHkiTVltS Jt .'-air. yr-J. -tint r-p:h:;e i
I LS JiU : 1 St. Leber---- " - v i
A dispatch from Paris carries
department of the Somme has been liberated from ; the i German
invaders. In the past three days the department of the Ardennes
has also passed into French hands. . This is the first time since
1914, when these departments were first invaded by . Germany
that they have been in the hands of the French. This fact-has
been the occasion of much rejoicing in Paris and throughout
France, the dispatch reads.
-.-. c
Buy a Fourth Liberty Bond today,
Pensacola's Fourth Liberty Loan
drive will continue today, with all or
ganizations ready and every ready for
a complete canvass of the territory
within the next three weeks.
Pensacola has an opportunity to
have one of the 10 big ships which
the government is building named aft
er her, for the 10 cities of over 5,000
population in the United States which
secure the largest percentage of sub
scribers per population based on the
1910 census will be accorded this
Monday and Saturday the Rotary
club is to work throughout the city
in its part of the big drive. For 'the
rest of the wee!" the members will
work in districts assigned to them.
Other organizations of the city .have
lined up in the drive, and many lodges
such as the K. of C., Seaman's, labor
locals and colored organizations having
pledged their aid and outlined their
The opening speech for the loan was
made yesterday at the Community
sing in Elks' Place, when V. A. Blount,
Jr., gave a four minute talk on the
necessity of supporting the loan. Other
speeches are planned and soldiers and
sailors are expected to participate
with sporting events destined to at
tract attention to the necessity of
buying bonds.
All organizations or individuals who
are collecting garments or materials
for relief of conditions in Belgium and
France are urged to send their contri
butions to Red Cross headquarters
promptly today.
If not possible to attend personally,
contributors should notify Mrs. Ste
phen Lee, over the Red Cross phone,
539, or phone Hargis Pharmacy, and
they will be called for.
Mrs. Lee said yesterday afternoon:
Tt Is most urgent that the contri
buttons reach the Red Cross today as
the box must be shipped from Pensa-,
cola Tuesday. All organizations and
individuals should feel it their duty
to meet Pensacola's allotment prompt
ly and should not fair to get articles
to Red Cross headquarters on time."
Amsterdam Sept. 30. American
bombardment of the Fortress of Metz
is getting on the nerves of the German
people. This is emphasized by a cor
respondent of the Rhenish Westpha
lian Gazette of Essen, who visited
Metz Thursday, between September 22
and 26. The correspondent - says .40
shells fell in the outskirts of the city
tilling a few persons and doing dam
age to property. .
the news that since Friday the
v m
Today .is the last day for booze in
pensacoia. Ever since tne city , was
founded, way back in 155ft by; Don
Tristram de Luna, the Spanish, French
and Americans, who have in turn held
the city, have thought liquor a neces
sity. After tonight the sales of all in
toxicating liquor will stop with . th6
voluntary closing of Pensacola's sa
loons. . '
Because of the end of the fiscal year
for saloon licenses which comes today,
saloon keepers determined not to re
new the licenses, since the federal
edict closing all saloons within a re
stricted zone about army and naval
camps will go into . effect January 1
next. Since the city has made no of
fers to renew the licenses for a short
er period than one year, saloon keep
ers had not taken out new licenses up
to Saturday night.
Advocates of the high license i have
little to say regarding the change,
since most of the territory for miles
around will be "dry " from now on.
Advocates of prohibition see ' in ' the
closing of Pensacola's saloons a move
for the betterment of the city .and
maintain that the change marks, one
of the most important ;mile posts in
the 400 years of Pensacola's history.
What Do You Mean Dry?. -
Anyway the city; is going to b dry
so far as the. legitimate sales, of liquor
are concerned, and the recent moves of
the city, county, state and federal of
ficials to clean up vice., in Pensacoia
will serve to reduce illicit sales to a
minimum. . To the pessimist, the ; city
is going to the ' dogs.. The optimist
points to the new city well, and says:
"What do you. mean 'dry'?" v
mail; service to
camp walton now
- . . "
ashington, -D. C, : Sept. 29. Lou
Edna - Thompson has ; been commis
sioned postmaster at Canal Point,-Fla.
The postofflce at Marietta, - TJuval
county, and Tisonia, have been ordered
discontinued September; SO. " j
The following. star ' service ; mail
schedule has been ordered '. into: effect
between , Crestview; and Camp ' aiton,
Florida. ; Leave Crestview daily,' -except
Sunday," on receipt of mail from
eastbound train, due 8:23 .A. ' MV but
not later than 10:00 ' A. M. Arrive
Camp- "Walton , in ; 3 hours. Leave
Camp Walton daily except -- Sunday,
1:49 P. M, arriving Crestiew by 5:00
P. M. ' if!
Paris, Sept. 29. The - newoffen,6ive
between St. Quentin and - Latere the
war office announces toniYit,-5iVench
troops made some advance and" tooK
500 prisoners. Troops cemtinued prog
ress on all other sectors.
U. S. GilHUflSS
Liberty Loan". Workers Under
Mrs. Walter Kehoe To Make
: Both Campaigns in City
Puts On Di
tions in City Homes For War
Workers Wants Rooms
Canvassing of the homes of Pensa
coia is io oegm at once to secure a
a m .
ust or rooms which will be opened to
war workers here. The women who
v. ill make - the Liberty Loan canvass
of city: homes under the direction of
linn T Yl.ll.. f, ,
""a. i. iier ncuw vm aiso carry
with, them cards on which, they will
list information concerning accomoda
tions which 5 Pensacollans may offer
war workers. - ..:; . .'-vT-,;-..
This announcement was made ' last
night by R. G. Edwards of Washing
ton, D. C, who is directing the cam
paign here to increase rooming ac
comodations available for workers
here.;., ... .. .- - .-
If materials arrive which are await
ed for both the . Fourth Liberty Loan
and the housing campaigns, the can
vass of the city will be started today.
In any event the work is to be started
at the earliest possible time and Mr.
Edward3 expresses a hope that Pensa
colians .wil come to the rescue or war
workers and offer many additional
rooms. - . . ; . -. - j
"The greatest lacfc of accomodations
has been for married men who are
stationed here in war work." said Mr.
Edwards last night. "This is not right
and efforts will be made to get -Pensacola
people to open their homes to
families wherft tlwy feel thy. can do so,
; ' ':APAlrlotlcyr ?
"Whether or not they will taite in
visitors should not be considered
merely from the matter of conveni
ence. It is the patriotic duty of every
householder to assist in this campaign
just as in the W. S. S. and Liberty
Loan drives.
"The drive for better homes is co
incident with the campaign for better
moral conditions in the city, in this
case, for the government knows that if
men may have their own home sur
roundings, moral conditions are bound
to be better. The drive in Pensacola
is similar to those being put on in
every southern city where war. work
is on. I will have charge of cam
paigns in 12 other cities of the south
when we have 'completed the work In
Pensacola," said Mr. Edwards.
The conference of executive secre
taries of the War Camp Community
Service, which convenes in Pensacola
tomorrow and Wednesday,' will be one
of the most important meetings ever
held in the south. -f
Men o; prominence in' war work
throughout the southeastern territory
any many officials from New York and
Washington, D. .C, are expected. It
is planned, to make their visit to Pen
sacola a medium - for the exchange of
ideas, and the officials of Pensacola
hope to show the need for . increased
facilities here to care for the men of
the army and navy. ' ;
Among the prominent men who are
expected are, . Assistant Director" Ar
thur William of New York; T. E. Riv
ers, divisional secretary, and Lewis
K. i Brown, district representative of
Atlanta, " - - - ; ; . -
Delegates will begin to arrive in Pen'
sacola today for the Conference which
opens at 9:00 e'clocK on Tuesday. with
a business session,, in the auditorium of
.the San . Carlos hotel.
i I. H. Aikejv. chairman of the' hos
pitality committee of , the War Camp
Community ' Service, stated .last night
that no et program had been planned.
Official1 will await the arrival of the
leadere before making, an definite
plan a. .
. Entertain At Club
Tuesday evening delegates will be
entertained at dinner at the Army and
Xavy Club, by the officials of the club.
Officers of both branches of the service
here will also be guests.
Wednesday afternoon the visitinsr ex
ecutives will be taken for a ride about
the city, and to the Naval Air Station
(Continued on Page Six)
Uncle Sam's Advice
to 'Flu Victims
Treatment Rest In bed, warmth,
fresh air, abundant food, Dover's
powders for tne relief of .pain.
The convalescent requires careful
nursing to avoid serious conse
quences. Sources of Infection Secretions
of the throat and nose passages,
conveyed en handkerchiefs, - towels,
cups and messgear" or other; meth
ods, ; Infected persons should be
kept ' separate . as much - as possible
frrm' those' not infected. Beds
should be screened. There is no
practical: quarantine, and . disinfec
tion can be only general. Attend
ing . nurses may -wear " a gauze
mas K. . During i the epidemic, per
sons should avoid ; crowded as
semt lages, such as street cars and
working places. Treat as . a bad
V By the United States Public Health
. Service.
No other communicable disease
which assumes epidemic propor
tions spreads so rapidly or attacks
indiscriminately so. large a pro
portion of the population - as noes
Spanish influenza ; therefore,: .while
statements that eight million per
sons have been attacked, in Spain
alone : may be exaggeration, i it is
. probably true; there has been a
- 'A' solo by a former Italian opera
singer, now a sailor on an Italian ship,
the visit of a dirigible from the Naval
Air ' Station " which distributed . litera
ture, and speeches for the Fourth Lib
erty. Loan and War Saving drive were
features of the Community Sing, yes
terday afternoon. Thousands attended,
entering with a will into the singing
led by B. A. Boyer. . He was assisted
by the Liberty orchestra of eight
pieces. irected.;byw:JSWanJ,iTJ
Weimer, '1V.-'V ;- r":V-?;
The great crowd entered with spirit
into the program, which had been
chosen with' regard to popularity.
; A' violin solo, by Miss Elizabeth
Harding, and the singing of "Send
Me A Rose From Home," by" Mrs.
Boyer, were greeted with enthusiasm.
The song Is one which has been sung
with - success by Madame Schumann
Heinck, and was received with appre
ciation by the men of the service.
It was a dramatic moment when the
dirigible sailed overhead and from its
basket was tossed hundreds of pages
of the original song. "The Fighting
Fourth Drive,' written by Mr. Boyer
especially for the Fourth Liberty Loan
campaign In Pensacola. The great
crowd entering Into the awing of the
tune and the spirit of the words.
W. C. Jones spoke briefly on the
value of War Savings Stamps and. then
Introduced W. A. Blount, Jr., who made
a" stirring four minute talk on the
Fourth Liberty Loan.
" W. A. Blount, Jr., Speaks
Mr. Blount brought out the fact that
the material . wealth and the entire
earning . power of the ; nation is back
of the government loan and that it is
today the best security on the face of
the earth. , He pointed out, however,
that this fact should be secondary,
and -the government loan should be
shortening the period of the ' war.
"The country needs the money at
this time," he said "when billions are
being expended by the government in
training, transportation, equipment,
and maintaining of millions of men at
the front. ,. '
'- "This loan is twice as large as any
previous loan, so the response must
be twice as large. Therefore lend
without stint and limit. : Pensacola
has a reputation to sustain. It loub
led Its quota in all previous Liberty
Loan Campaigns and Jn all othtr pa
triotic drives.
"We cannot afford now to fall." :
The city budget and passage of the
millage ordinance are among the im
portant measures., which will, be given
attention by the city commissioners at
their meeting today. 'The millage-ordinance
increases the funds for the
operation ' of "the ''city by raising the
number of ;mills per thousand dollars
of valuation which ; property may be
taxed or. ' -. .
The" ordinance designed to aid in
the anti-vice campaign instituted at
the suggestion of Lieutenant Christen
sen of the War Department will also
come up for reading. This is the regu
lar Monday meeting of the city com
missioners. " ' ' ' " ' - - -
With the American Army northwest
of Verdun. Sept. 29. American avia
torsagain demonstrated Saturday
that they are masters of the air on
this sector. .J
They - enjrajred in 52 combats and
(brought down S3 enemy mac. lines with
out the loss of one American plot.
1 .
wide prevalence of the disease.
Past epidemics , have - been . char- ;
acterized by profound prostration ?
out of , all proportion to the inten- e
sity of the disease; hence it is not:
improbable that the disease has
impaired for the time the efficiency
of the German arrny as reported.
. The present , outbreak appears to
be, characterized . by. .a . peculiarly
sudden onset, . the . . victim - being
struck down with . dizziness, weak
ness and pains in- various parts of i
the hody, while on duty or in the
street. There -is.. a. sharp rise of
temperature to . 103 and 104 de
grees, complaints. .;of. headache,
pains in the back - and - photopho
bia, j The throat feels sore, there is -a
congestion of the pharynx, and in
some instances laryngitis arid bron
chitis. . Something also similar to
trench fever is sometime found in
the influenza patient.
The fever generally falls In three
or four days and : thu patient re-
covers rapidly. Few fatalities are
reported. When there is deat. it
is usually from acute - bronchitis,
with s terminal failure of the rign.
heart. ... . ; .
There was an epidemic of this
disease in . 1889 and , 1893 in Great
where causes resignations
. efforts to supply county
. fail; '
Many rural schools - of Escambia
county have not yet been Bupplicd
with teachers. - In spite of the fact
that the Superintendent of Public In
struction, 'A. S. ' Edwards, and . the
Board . of. Education have - been untir
ing in their efforts to secure teachers
for the rural districts, many educators
have taken up more remunerative em
ployment. , because of tbjsa jiymber
of - the country , districts and small
towns will not be able to open at the
appointed time.
Among those which are short of
their quota," or entirely without supply
are: Brent, no principal; Olive, neither
principal nor assistant; Bluff Springs,
no. principal Byrneville, no assistant;
Century, principal, no teachers. Flo
maton, Poplar Dell, Mobley, Pine For
est. McKinnonville, Enon, , Highlands
and Fillinghimvllle, have no teachers.
The last named schools will be un
able to open'at all today, having been
unable to secure even one teacher,
which is their allotment. Brent and
Bluff Springs will not open, owing to
lack of principals. The other schools
will open but class work will be great
ly hampered until the necessary teach
ers can be obtained.
City Well Supplied
Mr. Edwards said last night that
the situation In the city is fairly sat
isfactory, though there have been a
number of resignations recently. Ow
ing to the increase in the population it
has been possible to relieve the short
age in the city, by employing women
who have recently moved to Pensacola
and who wish to remain while ' rela
tives are engaged in government work
here. ' -
The Pensacola. High School will op
en with its recognized quota of teach
ers In all branches, and the organized
work of the past two weeks indicates
that the opening day will be charac
terized by orderliness and dispatch.
J. M. Collier," principal, and the mem
bers of his faculty have worked out a
systematic schedule designed to alien
ate the confusion of the opening days
of school.
The Clubbs Grammar school. Miss
Pauline Reese, principal, and the J.
B. Lockey school, Mrs. W. H. Craw
ford, principal, will open with a good
enrollment. The organization of the
schools is in excellent order, as the
principals and teachers have been in
conference for days, working out their
problems and meeting students for
classication and examinations. '
For weeks the primary principals
and their corps of assistants have been
getting in readiness for the opening
term, outlining work for the scholastic
year and making plans for the various
school activities. .
- The primary principals are: E. J.
Wilson school. Miss Eveiyn Thornton;
N. B; Cook, Miss Ethel Suter; No. 6;
Miss Florence, Higgins, No. 7; Miss
Annie McMillan; No. 8, Miss Susie
Nell v Patterson; No. 9, Miss Eunice
Clopton; No. 10, Miss Eva Waters;
No. 11, Miss Allie Yniestra. '
: ashington, Sept. 29. Continued and
increasing pressure by Marshal Foch
along. virtually the whole western front
.from Verdun to the North Sea, has
brought the Germans face to face with
a most critical situation, in the opinion
of observers here, v -
With the enemy main defense posi
tion, the Hindenburg line, shattered in
several places, his secondary line to
the east of the Krismheild position,
punctured, and his own official reports
admitting withdrawls on all fronts,
there is a growing possibility, it is
thought of serious disaster.
irjFLiezii lu
Officials Postpone "School Open
ing at Suggestion of Public
Health Service
Street Car Service, County andt
City Work Delayed Physi
cians Get Many Calls - j
The. 'opening of Pensacolas schools
today , has been indefinitely postponed ;
because of the serious epidemic of
Spanish influenza. This action ' was :
taken by County Superintendent A. S.
Edwards and Principal Collier ol the:,
high school at the suggestion of Dr.
Paul D. Mossman. of the U. S. Public
Health Service, who is in Pensacola to
aid the authorities in stamping out
the disease. ;
: This action was taken to prevent the
spread of the disease, which is ham
pering the street car service, the city,
and county departments, civilian wort
at the reservation and threatens to tie"
up many industries unless checked.
However, officials are confident ttiat
the'. worst'. of the epidemic is already
passed and that if stringent- rules are
observed for the coming week, the dis
ease will be well in hand.'
Physicians of the city have been ov
ertaxed In the nat, -- .
for; cases of t - . . i
every instance '- -" r '-i. "-
have been no ' r - j
break so-far. - .
Pensacola doct - '
100 calls per da? . .
Since most fatalities from the disease
result from pneumonia after recovery ;
from, the influenza, according to the
against taking cold while convalescent.
Assistant for Mossman. " .
Cr. Paul D. Mossman, medical officer
in charge of the sanitary work which
has been instituted in Pensacola. was
joined last night by Dr. W. K. Sharp,
Jr., sent to Pensacola by the authori
ties to assist Dr. Mossman in his cam
paign of sanitation. .
When asked last night as to the)
Spanish Influenza and the methods to
be used for its prevention, Dr. Moss
man said: "Influenza is a communica
ble disease, and the utmost caution
should be maintained, in order that It
may not make serious inroads upon
the health of the community. It Is Im
possible to " be too . careful, and the)
public should be impressed with the
danger of transmission of the disease,
through sneezing and coughing, and la
drinking or eating from receptacles
which have been used by those suf
fering with the diseese."
, Mr. Edwards stated that the decision
was not reached hastily, but on th
advice of many physicians beside th
head of the U. S. Public Health Serv
ice. It is probable that schools will
be opened one week from today, but
the opening date will be given later.
A soldier from Ft. Barrancas, whd
gave his name to the police as Tom.
Murry, was arrested yesterday mom
Ing, charged with the assault of Ser
geant Simpson of Company 2 of th
guards at the Pensacola Shipbuilding;
company. The assault is said to have
occured near 314 South Baylen street;
about 3:40 o'clock Sunday morning, f
Sergeant Simpson, who "was roughly
handled by his assailant, was taken
to the police station where his wounds
were dressed by a Pensacola physician.
When first taken care of by the police
he was unable to give the name ot hi
assailant. Investigation by Sergeant
McClean and Officer Robert of the po
lice department developed the name of
the assailant and other details which
enabled them to "arrest tho " soldier.
Murry was charged with the violation:
of section 393 of the city ordinance.
Washington,. Sept: 30. The t
troops are practically In cont-K -Chemin
Des Dames Rid s ;
front and as they are 71 p .m
flank of the retreating -rr., r - , r
south and west. ln ' -..iv.i.e ' . 'the
center of the jt- G.rrvr .defensive
arch appears ' ; .tv- ' as- most
critical. ?
The collar t-v ',hoIe Laon bas
tion on. wl ' L i.; i vast Hindenburg
line hangs foj -v;port wag believed to
be foreshadow iO. Farther north, the
British. Belgian and American troops
are smashing through the interwoven-
trench systems and across canals and
other naturally strong positions at ' a" )
rate that showed the desperate straiij 1
of the enemy to find men to meet tis
drive. , - '

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