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,. ,, Tuesday except shower south F.lin- Wednesday fair, gentle shifting P, J. mostly east and southeast. highest temperature was 84; low. I Let the work you do for the liberty "Loan today be dedicated to the memory of the babies of France and Belgium who ;have been Impaled on bayonets and car ried over the shoulders of German sol-,-diers that your baby may never be In danger of a like death. Wo V VOL. XXI. No. 274. PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 1, 1918. PRICE FIVE CENTS. HIGH PfifllSE TURKEY RflUST W1LSDW FWLSfZZ allies driving for nish 7Wi LOUP SDOI ASK FOR TO ALTER I0TE mmBSWSWSM DRIVE BEGIN PEACE TERRAS OfJ SUFFRAGE . i SCHOOLS CHIP LEADERS ;Vith Armies Threatened and Cut Off From Her Allies Posi tion is Desperate: ALLIES GAIN ' ON ALL FRONTS Germany's Submarine Bases in Jeopardy as Result of Eastward Drive. Bulgaria is 'definitely out of the war and Turkey, virtually cut off from communication .with her allies and her Palestine armies almost anihilated, will likely soon he forced to sue for peace. Meantime, the entente forces from Frtgiitiu to Verdun, on six battle fronts, are registering victory after uetory oer the Teutons. Tlie eniny front almost everywhere is crumbling, notwithstanding desper ate resistance is Ijeing offered in vari ous sectors. The advance in Belgium has pro rrrdrd so deeply eastward that Ger many's submarine bases on the North st a are in jeopardy. I'rom tamhrai to St. Quentin .the British and Americans have delivered successfully hard smashes against German strong points. Armistice Purely Military. Lnnlun. ept. HO. The armistice concluded with Bulgaria is purely a military convention and contains no rroviriions cf a political character. . Bulgaria acres to evacuate occupied teritory in Greece and Serbia, demob' ilize Iter army immediately and sur render all means of transportation to tjip allies, including all Danube boats. Military occupation of Bulgaria will be intrusted to British, French and Italian forces. Washington Odicials Gratified. Washington," Sept. 30. Though deep- ...ly. gratified that Bulgaria has ; fciguert an armfstieew hich has eliminated her from tiie war, American officials have carefully refrained from exercising any direct influence on this moment ous event. It is believed, however. tint in the final adjustment of im portant political questions involved In the conditions to be imposed upon Bulearia at conclusion of the war the t'nited States will be invited to dis cuss the subject -with the allies at the re ice council Amsterdam reports that the kaiser nas accepted the resignations or von Hertling, chancellor, and Von Hintze, foreign minister. LANSING WARNS GERMANY NOT TO ENFORCE THREAT Washington, Sept. 30. The Ameri can government, in reply to Germany's threat to execute all American prison ers found in possession of shotguns, today gave notice that if Germany carried out any such threat, suitable reprisals will be taken. Secretary Lan sing's reply declared the use of shot guns is sanctioned by the Hague con ventions. "If the German government should carry out its threat in any instances," Mr. Lansing said, "it would be the right and duty of the United States to make such reprisals as would ' best protect the American forces and no tice is hereby given of the intention of the government of the United States to make such reprisals." GERMANS SEE DEFEAT AHEAD Amsterdam. Sept. 30. (By Associat ed Press3. The German press is today hysterically emphasizing the need for cool heads never was greater. The Possibility, never beforcv isualized, is beginning to dawn on the people of Germany that they may lose the war and the suddenness of this realization has had a bewildering effect upon them. FLORIDIANS IN CASUALTY LIST Private Frank Paines, next of kin Mrs. Martha Timmons. R. F. D.f Cal houn, Fla., died of disease.' Private Braxton Beasley, next of kin E. IS. Carroll, Orlando, Fla., wounded Beverelv P-.v - - Eric j. culbreath, next of v . ' Culbreath, Tampa, Fla., '!.:-.-j;i , verely. LORS DROWNED BOAT STRIKES BUOY Sept. 30.-rTwenty sail- -d in Key West har ht when a boat in aiding struck a buoy men had been on f. i "-voj r returning to their ,-. 4 None or tne nor ; t Miich . ... R1 C& 'P! It,-., fhip Obt'w lodic,s Kkr rres.aus Appealer ravage &&!Xi K?Wfim ; y -of Resolution With- . ; NO VOTE REACHED IN SENATE TODAY Leaders Counted on President's Support to Assure Passage. v ; "Washington, Sept. 30. The senate again today failed to reach a vote on the suffrage amendment resolution. After the president had delivertd a personal appeal for passage of the resolution as a war measure, senators resumed debate which will be contin ued tomorrow, when the leaders expect final action. Suffrage leaders have been counting upon the president's influence to end the delay in the senate, which appar ently again is to start vacation re cesses without acting upon the suf frage resolution already passed by the house. ; . The president's decision to step into the breach and probably save the .-suffrage resolution from defeat, . or in definite postponment in the senate, where for days it has been hanging fire, was known to only a few until shortly before noon today when the Whitt House simply notified Demo cratio Leader Martin that the president wished to address the senate. He asked for passage of the resolu tion. as 'a war measure. TEXT OF SPEECH. He said: 'The unusual circum stances of a world war, in which, we stand and judged in the view not only of our own people and our own con sciences, but also ' in the view -of all nations and peoples, will, I hope, jus tify in your thoughts as ; it .does in mine, ui message I have come to bring-you. - In regard to the concur rence of the senate in the constitu tional amendment proposing the ex tension of the suffrage to women, as vitally essenital to the successful prosecution of the great war of humanity in which we are engaged. I have come to prge upon you the con. siderations which have led me to that conclusion. It is not only my " privi lege, it is also my duty to apprise you of every circumstance and element in volved - in this momentous struggle which seems to me to affect its very processes and its outcome. It is my duty to win the war and to. ask you to remove every obstacle that stand in the way of winning it." (Continued on Page Five) - FIRST DRAFT NDMBERDRAWN BY PRESIDENT FOURTEEN OTHER DIGMTARIES ASSIST EXECUTIVE IX DRAWING ORDER NUMBERS FOR 13,000,000 NEW DRAFT REGISTRANTS. Washington, Sept. 30. Drawing of the order number for 13.000,000 new draft registrants was started today by President Wilson. Blindfolded the President groped in the great glass lot tery bowl and drew out slip numbered 322. Vice-President Marshall drew the second number and was followed Dy sixteen notables who were invited to participate in the final ceremony of onening the drawing. The President insisted on being blindfolded for the drawing, as was the rule with all others participating The same procedure that governed the other drawings was followed. As the capsules are drawn from the bowl by a blindfolded person tney are opened by another who calls out ' the number marked on the sup or paper within, the number is recorded by tel lers and at the same time written on a large blackboard for checking pur poses if necessary. Each tiny slip is to be threaded on a thin wire so as to unmistakably keep all in the order in which they come out. As the numbers are read, tellers re cord them on sheets to be hurried to the government printing office for the official master list. . This when com pleted is to be distributed by - the Provost Marshal General to the district boards throughout the country which in turn will give out to registrants and the newspapers. , uruy me uri hMinrtrprf nnmhera drawn are io oe sent over the country by telegraph. - The drawing will probably be com pleted Tuesday afternoon. Nish, capital of Serbia before the Austro-Bu Igarian armies forced the retirement of the Ser bian armies, is the main object of the allied armies operating in Serbia now, in the effort to repatriate Serbia and force the retirement of th e Austrian armies.: A' dispatch reports the with drawal of the Austrian armies from Albania. With the conclusion of the separate peace be tween the Allies and Bulgaria and the conseque nt concentration of the armies of the former against the retreating Austro-Germans, it is expected that the AUstrians will soon be fighting on their own soil in a futile effort to hold back, t he victorious Greeks, Serbs, Albanians, and other allied armies. SHIP BUILDING PLANT PLEDGES ITSELF TO LOAN WOMAN'S COMMITTEE MAKING REC ORD IN SYSTEM AND , SELLING ROTARY DIVISION ACTIVELY. CAN VASSING. Pledging itself 'to the Fourth Liberty Loan in terms of -one hundred : per cent., representatives of the Shipbuild ing plant'met yesterday with J.-Ernest Baars, chairman ; of - the Shipbuilding committee forming a. strong"" organiza lion for . the campaign., ; . c '.;." Chairman Muldon 'stated " yesterday afternoon that '. the - enthusiasm wh'h. the personnel of the sipbuilding plant has shown is only another indication of that splendid spirit' of co-operation which is animating . the ' organizations throughout this territory. Under - the : management of ; M. L Bear, the Rotary Club division, has made a splendid start towards the goal they have set for themselves this week and with approximately. $7,000 .. to their credit, .the Womans' Liberty - Loan Committee is well launched on "the m tensive drive, and the systematic work they are doing, andv the earnest effort they are - putting .'into that work, is guarantee., of future accomplishments. Mrs. F. B. . Hagerman "and Mrs. A. Moog were in charge of headquarters yesterday, the members , of -the execu tive committee and a corps of young women serving with ' them. The .hotel committee is: also? doing splendid work, under direction of Mrs. R. F. Mitchell. Mrs. Hunter Brown and sister, .Mrs. Manning, will have charge of the corps of . San Carlos workers in the forenoon, Mrs. W. H. Watson, "Mrs. William Eastman and Mrs. : Louis deM. Blocker in the afternoon ; Mrs. Mit chell, with Mrs. J. B. McNeill and Mrs. C. W; Lamar serving in he evening. The work at the San Carlos will be continued throughout the drive. MA J. GEN. READ IN COMMAND 2D CORPS Washington, Sept. 300. Reference in Field Marshal Haig's statement last night to .the participation of American troops .under Major ' General George W. Read in the British" drive between St. Quentin and . Cambrai brought t out today the fact that General Read, who formerly commanded the fourth-corps in General Pershing's army, wai transferred early this month to com mand the second V corps. v The 30th, (Tennessee, North and South -.Carolina and District" of Columbia Guard); division and the 27th (New York)," are in the second corps, and probably "are the divisions referred ' to ' by " Marshal Haig. j. ' : : ;- ' These two divisions received their front line training: with 'the-British In Flanders and participated in the fight ing there several weeks ago .which re sulted in-the-capture of Voormezeele, jusf south-of Ypres. - CAMBRAI BIUST SOON FALL " . BEFORE ALLIED 'ATTACK London,; Sept; 30. Roulers,. a Belgian town and railroad center, 13 1 miles northeasts of -Ypres, : has 'been capture ed by. the ; Belgians,, according to -a dispatchto the evening News from tne Belgian front. . . j r ; Fighting is ging on in CambraLTThe northeastern, western and southwest ern suburbs have been captured j and the town will -probably be - cleared up shortly. The British, have- crossed the Scheldt Canal and ; captured Crevo coeur, south: of Cambrai. ' wees, open SESSIONS AT HOTEL TODAY DELEGATES TO BIG CONFERENCE OF SOUTHERN DIVISION WORKERS , . . . . ... f . .- v - v.'" ARRIVE MEETINGS TO PLAN COM MUNlTYt WAR WORK. ... Delegates to the conference of '; ex ecutive secretaries of the war ' camp community srvice - axxived - last' night and this morning", and "wiU' be "in ses sion, in Penfitcpla' today an4'-tpmorrow. I -"The opening seMMra yvul: take place this morning at. 9 o'clock in the audit orium of the San Carlos -hotel. ; ": ':i ' Onlcials ' stated yesterday that tHe two . days' 'conference, is for strictly business .affairs. The general public is not , invited to' these sessions. 1 Secretaries in attendance are H. H. Richards, Jacksonville; , R. A. Collings, Miami; Marcus 6. Clemmons, Arcadia, Fla.; H. B. McAllister, Pensacola, Fla.; J. W. Vose, Anniston, Ala.; William Taylor Elgas, . Montgomery,-- Ala.; Avery G. Ollinger, Mobile, Ala. j O.-.L. Steele, Montgomery. Ala.; C. Pfeiffer, Hattiesburg, Miss.; Leo 1. Eddy, West Point,v Miss.; Chas. , P. Goddard, New Orleans; J. R. Park, Alexandria, La.; Stacy A. Bowing, . Chattanooga' Tenn. . Representing , the , southern district are Lewis K. Brown, district represen tative, and Thomas E. Rivers, secre tary of the southern, division. MOSSMAN NAMED TO AID CITY SANITARY DRIVE BY OFFICERS Dr. Paul D. Mossman, assistant sur geon of the public health survey, will be given the 'position of assistant city health offUcer. This was decided at a meeting of the city commissioners yes terday morning. One of the first ' steps towards . the sanitation of the city will be the elim ination of earth; closets. ; Dr. ,W. K. Sharp - has been ' placed , in charge of this branch of the -work. . i i.. i " Sanitary , Inspector : Robert J. Terueri tine is. already engaged in the work of inspection . in connection with the cam paign," inaugurated here, v - FIRST HUNDRED DRAFT NUMBERS. 322, 7277, 6708; 1027, 16,169, 8366, 5366, 1697; 7123. : 2781, 9283, 6147,; 10;086; 438; 904, 12369, 1523 7152, 6360: 3748, 6540, 3808, 1240, 16846; 1907, 12521, 6593, 5941, 3073. . 13728, 20, 6857, 1255, 14122, 11101, 2132,-10762, 3235, 739; : . . 16657, 6809, 4948, 8772, 7034, 535, 8691, 11060, 8858, 219. 1 ' 16;518, 4287, 12839, 625, 72, 11338, 832, 10491, 14023, 14043. 964, 8637, 2897, 7834, 4273, 10656, 4327, 3505, 348, 7234. , v4, 12842, 4482, 9022 f 1961; 4886, 16009, 12930, 134, 14319: 12210, 8317, 395, 5240, 12284, 11255, 657, 12618, 3531, 14361. ; 13754, 11484, 13841, 8055, 6777, 7952 11191, 15760, 13359, 12184, 11232. v MILITARY DRILL FOR STUDENTS OFHIGHSCNOOL PRINCIPAL COLLIER ASKS BOYS NOT TO BUY WINTER SUITS UN TIL BOARD DECIDES ABOUT UNIFORMS. It has been definitely, decided that military . training-, will be a part of tho public school-work during the present term, : but 'it has ; not" yet 'been deter- ml neA Ahber. tke boy a vill : be - uni- lormea. - : - vit. .' This Vis 'the' statement of J, M. Col lier, " principal of the Pensacola High School. ; who asks that bovs who have not .yet purchased their winter suits. defer this until the school board has definitely decided for or against the uniforms. : The military ' training will '-. be un der the " direction of ' William , Tyler, head of the commercial 'department, who after-the session of. the .'summer school at the State University, -Gainesville, - took; military training extending over : five weeks ; at - the Plattsburg training camp. ' , U. S. S. MINNESOTA SLIGHTLY DAMAGED BY HITTING MINE Washington, Sept. . 30. The battle ship Minnesota; which struck' "a mine yesterday off the Atlantic coast, has arrived safely, at a naval station and is now in dry dock, the navy depart ment announced .today. Latest report from the commander of the Minnesota confirmed earlier statements that no one was injured in the accident. The explosion tore a hole in the starboard, which extended Trom the bottom of" the armor belt almost to the' keel of the ship. LONGSHOREMEN DEMAND $1 HOUR New - York, ; Sept.v 30. Demands : for an -tight-hour, day and a wage of $1 an hour twith $2 Jan hour for over time, were presented to 'the natfonal adjust ment committee here today on behalf "of. 75,000 longshoremen - engaged in overseas ' shiploading " at ports "from Boston; to' Norfolk. : ' - - BODY OF T. O. JONES, VVIATOR,IS SHIPPED HOME, UTICA, N. 1Y. ; The body of Thos. O. Jones, Utica, : New 'York, aviator, who met his " death in a hydroplane accident at the Pen sacola naval air' station last Tuesday, was ' shipped : last night to the young man's home icity. A full naval funeral was held at Northup & Wood's undertaking-rooms and. the body , was -accompanied to -: th - train by, a ' naval escort. ;,: " :-':y : . The body.of.Thoma,atriclc Rear don, of Fall River, Mass, who died at the naval air; station from ; pneumonia was also shipped to his -home ' at the same -time, funeral rites for . the two being -combined. ,:' : ' ' . John Arthur'Boeks, whose home ad dress was, not given by the naval au thorities, also died at the station yes terday of pneumonia. Disposition of bis body has not yet been- made. Pensacola High School Students, to Compete in Essay on Wak ing Our Dollar Fight WILL OFFER PRIZE FOR BEST RESULT Tentative Plan Contemplates Awarding Prize to School of City Selling Most Bonds. Cooperation of teachers In the publio schools of Pensacola has been secured to aid in the Fourth Liberty Loan campaign. Frank D. Tracy, chairman of the school committee of the wom an's division "of the Fourth Liberty Loan Campaign committee, assisted by Mrs. J. E. Taylor will direct the work to be done in the schools. In the high school four teachers will take charge of the lour classes and friendly rivalry, will beu sed to pro mote the selling of bonds in the school. High school pupils are to write an essay not to exceed C00 words on the subject "Making Our Dollars Fight. This ft at the suggestion of the National Woman's Committee of Patriotic Societies. Secretary McAdoo has named every school child in the country a "Soldier of the Liberty Loan" and in a rss age to them said: "Back of Hie troches of France run our rear line trenches of America. In them the government expects us who stay at home to fight for the winning of the war. In them every one of us is o soldier on duty. The Liberty Loan is a service in which every maur woman and child in the country may take part. Children may carry the creed of patriotism into their -own hcroesr7Berau-se-oTthiai influriice' a child may help, to sell Liberty Bonds, and I: hereby appoint every child of school age in the United States, a sol dier - of the Liberty Loan." ' , Will Credit Schools. Because of . the delay in opening the schools yesterday,: any salles of bonds may' be reported to the school princi pals ana eacn scnooi win , re fully credited with the work done by' re spective pupils. Tentative plans in clude the offering of a special prize to the schools which sells the most bonds. . - HOUSING MEN ORGANIZE TO BEGIN COMMITEE OF THIRTEEN PEXSA - COUANS NAMED BY COUNCIL OF - . . . . - . t DEFENSE PLAN TO BETTER HOUS ING HERE. I The first meeting of the committee of twelve Pensacolians named by Bryan . Dunwody, of ' the Bscambia county Council of Defense, to assist in the government housing campaign, met at the San Carlos hotel last nigfrt to make preliminary arrangements. Another meeting1 of the committee is to be held tonight',"owing to the ab sence of several members at last night's meeting.. Organization was com pleted by the men under the direction of R. J. Edwards, of the U. S. Bureau of Housing, and active work; to rem edy the lack of housing conditions for government workers will be begun here at once. , V The men who were named by Chair man Dunwody were James A. White, of the John. White Store; L. E. Nobles, of L. E. Nobles & Co.; J. A. Avant, of the Consolidated Naval Stores Com pany; Attorneys John C. Avery, John P. Stokes, P. R. Anderson and J. E. D. Tonge, J. E. Meek, A. B. Wells, H. M. Barr, and Thomas H. Johnson. A thorough investigation of renting conditions and charges of profiteering amon house owners is to be; made. A canvass of the city by the women who will simultaneously seek buyers among the housewives for Fourth-, Liberty Loan bonds will be i made Files and cards for the establishment of a hous ingbureau in connection - with the local department of labor office at the city hall are to be secured at once. FIFTEEN AMERICANS HONORED ; FOR EXTRAORDINARY HEROISM Washington, Sept. 30. General Per shing reported today,; ihat the distin guished service cross had ben award ed fifteen officers and men tilled .while performing acts of extraordinary hero ism." The list included Private Emory MahalTy. Atlanta, . DRIVE Division Superintendent' Rivers Lauds Pensacola for Results Accomplished Here. - DISCUSSES NEEDS OF, SERVICE MEN?, Distinguished Visitors Commend Broad Spirit of Local War Activities Workers. , 1 Prominent leaders In the natlonatl work of the war camp community ser- i vice are Lewis K. Brown, of Waah ington, D. C, district representativej of the southern district, and Thomas j E. Rivers, of New York, division sec-! retary of the southern division, who are attending the conference of ejrecu-i tive secretaries now convening iaj Pensacola. When seen at the rooms of the rafj camp community service yestendayj afternoon, Mr. Rivers sptfke with much,, enthusiasm of the work whlcH" hasj already been accomplished in Den. sacola. "I do not feel Ilka a stranger la Pensacola. nor am I unfamiliar with. the good work which has been ac; oomplished here, paid Mr. RIvers. ( When I met your executive chairman , in New York, where h visited head-, quarters, I was impressed with what he told me of the work m Pensacola, j but I was not prepared to find a dub' house of an organization such as the local branch of the War Camp Com munity Service and the Army and Navy Club. And this, notwithstanding that Mr. Yonge had told me of the splendid results accomplished here. "When I visited the Army and Navy Club today and saw its maehm wy in perfect running order, the thing that most., impressed me wa3 the way in which every '- need of the j service men had been tak?n into con sideration. V There-are larger clubH throughout the countr but I do not believe . one could find a club house anywhere which so meets tho needa of a community more thoroughly than does this. "Pnsarola ned3 ereater facilitres - for the service men, but this city jf could hardly have a better organiza- J)t tion than that which has accomplished ( j such splendid results in so snort a j time" I "When asked as to the possibility I JH that Pensacola needs, may he metM for war work here, Mr. Rivers said! that this would be decided at the con- i"1? f erence. The great thing that I have noticed i. about the work here." said Mr. Rivers, "is the broad spirit shown by those J. ? f, who are interested. They seem toJ h look at the work not from the local f t view-point, but from tvt r? r.ct- , i.f tional head-y- .-ch .-i'-.:- H' iti any or us pn--u?a r.ava.. xir n--- v - ( Speaking r thsr'-.vih cf tr,t "-' Xrt, munity Serv;. J'ir. 'JftUefi fUi i "When the ;v.-kt- -r. :;'r;,'. I . ed we askefl t wc-;krs ' to take :(, charge of branches in eiglity cities-- j ? . . J 1 .Itl.O .1.91 ' i branches, and five floors of the Met- j ropolitan building in New York city : are given over to the work Of head-'" r; quarters alone, hundreds of men ar- ' working throughout the country, and " Secretary Baker has declared that he (Continued on Page Five) IN MID-AIR AT LOCAL STATION The explosion of a dirigible at Wooi- sey and its flaming flight over the bay rg, occasioned, much alarm in Pensacola and Warrington, last night about 10:20 :i o'clock. . 'I It was rumored on the streets that :r the machine caught flre In the air and exploded, causing the death- of flvu men. This was denied at the naval air sta tion, the official information being that it was not In flight when the accident occurred and that no serious injuries resulted. It is 6tated that the dirigible was preparing for a flight when it caught flre ani that the flames forced the men in charge to release It. ,s the flaming machine sailed up wards it spectacular, flight was wit nessed by people in a!l.partsof the city and many exaggerated rumors re sulted. - The men who were handling the machine were just about to make a -flitrht and some burns were sustained' by them, forcing them to release the 'Blimn. which sailed out over tnci pay, lis fiticiKituicii "'t-r h vmuw nnnii in Pensacola. from which it if Residents of Warrlnglon statea mat two men were seen to Jump from the , machine, but officials said that what was seen was . probably the falling of the engines. ' ' The cause of t.ie accident coma noi. be ascertained last night. . - t V. i 't: Y .1 I.