,. ,, Tuesday except shower south
F.lin- Wednesday fair, gentle shifting
P, J. mostly east and southeast.
highest temperature was 84; low.
I Let the work you do for the liberty
"Loan today be dedicated to the memory
of the babies of France and Belgium who
;have been Impaled on bayonets and car
ried over the shoulders of German sol-,-diers
that your baby may never be In
danger of a like death.
VOL. XXI. No. 274.
PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 1, 1918.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
TURKEY RflUST W1LSDW FWLSfZZ allies driving for nish 7Wi LOUP
SDOI ASK FOR TO ALTER I0TE mmBSWSWSM DRIVE BEGIN
PEACE TERRAS OfJ SUFFRAGE . i SCHOOLS
;Vith Armies Threatened and Cut
Off From Her Allies Posi
tion is Desperate:
ALLIES GAIN '
ON ALL FRONTS
Germany's Submarine Bases in
Jeopardy as Result of
Bulgaria is 'definitely out of the war
and Turkey, virtually cut off from
communication .with her allies and her
Palestine armies almost anihilated, will
likely soon he forced to sue for peace.
Meantime, the entente forces from
Frtgiitiu to Verdun, on six battle
fronts, are registering victory after
uetory oer the Teutons.
Tlie eniny front almost everywhere
is crumbling, notwithstanding desper
ate resistance is Ijeing offered in vari
The advance in Belgium has pro
rrrdrd so deeply eastward that Ger
many's submarine bases on the North
st a are in jeopardy.
I'rom tamhrai to St. Quentin .the
British and Americans have delivered
successfully hard smashes against
German strong points.
Armistice Purely Military.
Lnnlun. ept. HO. The armistice
concluded with Bulgaria is purely a
military convention and contains no
rroviriions cf a political character. .
Bulgaria acres to evacuate occupied
teritory in Greece and Serbia, demob'
ilize Iter army immediately and sur
render all means of transportation to
tjip allies, including all Danube boats.
Military occupation of Bulgaria will
be intrusted to British, French and
Washington Odicials Gratified.
Washington," Sept. 30. Though deep-
...ly. gratified that Bulgaria has ; fciguert
an armfstieew hich has eliminated her
from tiie war, American officials have
carefully refrained from exercising
any direct influence on this moment
ous event. It is believed, however.
tint in the final adjustment of im
portant political questions involved
In the conditions to be imposed upon
Bulearia at conclusion of the war the
t'nited States will be invited to dis
cuss the subject -with the allies at the
re ice council
Amsterdam reports that the kaiser
nas accepted the resignations or von
Hertling, chancellor, and Von Hintze,
GERMANY NOT TO
Washington, Sept. 30. The Ameri
can government, in reply to Germany's
threat to execute all American prison
ers found in possession of shotguns,
today gave notice that if Germany
carried out any such threat, suitable
reprisals will be taken. Secretary Lan
sing's reply declared the use of shot
guns is sanctioned by the Hague con
ventions. "If the German government should
carry out its threat in any instances,"
Mr. Lansing said, "it would be the
right and duty of the United States to
make such reprisals as would ' best
protect the American forces and no
tice is hereby given of the intention
of the government of the United States
to make such reprisals."
Amsterdam. Sept. 30. (By Associat
ed Press3. The German press is today
hysterically emphasizing the need for
cool heads never was greater. The
Possibility, never beforcv isualized, is
beginning to dawn on the people of
Germany that they may lose the war
and the suddenness of this realization
has had a bewildering effect upon
Private Frank Paines, next of kin
Mrs. Martha Timmons. R. F. D.f Cal
houn, Fla., died of disease.'
Private Braxton Beasley, next of kin
E. IS. Carroll, Orlando, Fla., wounded
P-.v - - Eric j. culbreath, next of
v . ' Culbreath, Tampa, Fla.,
'!.:-.-j;i , verely.
BOAT STRIKES BUOY
Sept. 30.-rTwenty sail-
-d in Key West har
ht when a boat in
aiding struck a buoy
men had been on
f. i "-voj r returning to their
,-. 4 None or tne
nor ; t
Miich . ...
rres.aus Appealer ravage &&!Xi K?Wfim
; y -of Resolution With- . ;
NO VOTE REACHED
IN SENATE TODAY
Leaders Counted on President's
Support to Assure
Passage. v ;
"Washington, Sept. 30. The senate
again today failed to reach a vote on
the suffrage amendment resolution.
After the president had delivertd a
personal appeal for passage of the
resolution as a war measure, senators
resumed debate which will be contin
ued tomorrow, when the leaders expect
Suffrage leaders have been counting
upon the president's influence to end
the delay in the senate, which appar
ently again is to start vacation re
cesses without acting upon the suf
frage resolution already passed by the
house. ; .
The president's decision to step into
the breach and probably save the .-suffrage
resolution from defeat, . or in
definite postponment in the senate,
where for days it has been hanging
fire, was known to only a few until
shortly before noon today when the
Whitt House simply notified Demo
cratio Leader Martin that the president
wished to address the senate.
He asked for passage of the resolu
tion. as 'a war measure.
TEXT OF SPEECH.
He said: 'The unusual circum
stances of a world war, in which, we
stand and judged in the view not only
of our own people and our own con
sciences, but also ' in the view -of all
nations and peoples, will, I hope, jus
tify in your thoughts as ; it .does in
mine, ui message I have come to
bring-you. - In regard to the concur
rence of the senate in the constitu
tional amendment proposing the ex
tension of the suffrage to women, as
vitally essenital to the successful
prosecution of the great war of
humanity in which we are engaged.
I have come to prge upon you the con.
siderations which have led me to that
conclusion. It is not only my " privi
lege, it is also my duty to apprise you
of every circumstance and element in
volved - in this momentous struggle
which seems to me to affect its very
processes and its outcome. It is my
duty to win the war and to. ask you
to remove every obstacle that stand in
the way of winning it."
(Continued on Page Five) -
FOURTEEN OTHER DIGMTARIES
ASSIST EXECUTIVE IX DRAWING
ORDER NUMBERS FOR 13,000,000
NEW DRAFT REGISTRANTS.
Washington, Sept. 30. Drawing of
the order number for 13.000,000 new
draft registrants was started today by
President Wilson. Blindfolded the
President groped in the great glass lot
tery bowl and drew out slip numbered
Vice-President Marshall drew the
second number and was followed Dy
sixteen notables who were invited to
participate in the final ceremony of
onening the drawing.
The President insisted on being
blindfolded for the drawing, as was
the rule with all others participating
The same procedure that governed
the other drawings was followed. As
the capsules are drawn from the
bowl by a blindfolded person tney are
opened by another who calls out ' the
number marked on the sup or paper
within, the number is recorded by tel
lers and at the same time written on
a large blackboard for checking pur
poses if necessary. Each tiny slip is to
be threaded on a thin wire so as to
unmistakably keep all in the order in
which they come out.
As the numbers are read, tellers re
cord them on sheets to be hurried to
the government printing office for the
official master list. . This when com
pleted is to be distributed by - the
Provost Marshal General to the district
boards throughout the country which
in turn will give out to registrants
and the newspapers. , uruy me uri
hMinrtrprf nnmhera drawn are io oe
sent over the country by telegraph. -
The drawing will probably be com
pleted Tuesday afternoon.
Nish, capital of Serbia before the Austro-Bu Igarian armies forced the retirement of the Ser
bian armies, is the main object of the allied armies operating in Serbia now, in the effort to
repatriate Serbia and force the retirement of th e Austrian armies.: A' dispatch reports the with
drawal of the Austrian armies from Albania. With the conclusion of the separate peace be
tween the Allies and Bulgaria and the conseque nt concentration of the armies of the former
against the retreating Austro-Germans, it is expected that the AUstrians will soon be fighting
on their own soil in a futile effort to hold back, t he victorious Greeks, Serbs, Albanians, and other
ITSELF TO LOAN
WOMAN'S COMMITTEE MAKING REC
ORD IN SYSTEM AND , SELLING
ROTARY DIVISION ACTIVELY. CAN
VASSING. Pledging itself 'to the Fourth Liberty
Loan in terms of -one hundred : per
cent., representatives of the Shipbuild
ing plant'met yesterday with J.-Ernest
Baars, chairman ; of - the Shipbuilding
committee forming a. strong"" organiza
lion for . the campaign., ; . c '.;."
Chairman Muldon 'stated " yesterday
afternoon that '. the - enthusiasm wh'h.
the personnel of the sipbuilding plant
has shown is only another indication
of that splendid spirit' of co-operation
which is animating . the ' organizations
throughout this territory.
Under - the : management of ; M. L
Bear, the Rotary Club division, has
made a splendid start towards the goal
they have set for themselves this week
and with approximately. $7,000 .. to their
credit, .the Womans' Liberty - Loan
Committee is well launched on "the m
tensive drive, and the systematic work
they are doing, andv the earnest effort
they are - putting .'into that work, is
guarantee., of future accomplishments.
Mrs. F. B. . Hagerman "and Mrs. A.
Moog were in charge of headquarters
yesterday, the members , of -the execu
tive committee and a corps of young
women serving with ' them.
The .hotel committee is: also? doing
splendid work, under direction of Mrs.
R. F. Mitchell.
Mrs. Hunter Brown and sister, .Mrs.
Manning, will have charge of the
corps of . San Carlos workers in the
forenoon, Mrs. W. H. Watson, "Mrs.
William Eastman and Mrs. : Louis deM.
Blocker in the afternoon ; Mrs. Mit
chell, with Mrs. J. B. McNeill and Mrs.
C. W; Lamar serving in he evening.
The work at the San Carlos will be
continued throughout the drive.
MA J. GEN. READ IN
COMMAND 2D CORPS
Washington, Sept. 300. Reference
in Field Marshal Haig's statement last
night to .the participation of American
troops .under Major ' General George
W. Read in the British" drive between
St. Quentin and . Cambrai brought t out
today the fact that General Read, who
formerly commanded the fourth-corps
in General Pershing's army, wai
transferred early this month to com
mand the second V corps. v The 30th,
(Tennessee, North and South -.Carolina
and District" of Columbia Guard);
division and the 27th (New York)," are
in the second corps, and probably "are
the divisions referred ' to ' by " Marshal
Haig. j. ' : : ;- '
These two divisions received their
front line training: with 'the-British In
Flanders and participated in the fight
ing there several weeks ago .which re
sulted in-the-capture of Voormezeele,
jusf south-of Ypres. -
CAMBRAI BIUST SOON FALL
" . BEFORE ALLIED 'ATTACK
London,; Sept; 30. Roulers,. a Belgian
town and railroad center, 13 1 miles
northeasts of -Ypres, : has 'been capture
ed by. the ; Belgians,, according to -a
dispatchto the evening News from tne
Belgian front. . . j r ;
Fighting is ging on in CambraLTThe
northeastern, western and southwest
ern suburbs have been captured j and
the town will -probably be - cleared up
shortly. The British, have- crossed the
Scheldt Canal and ; captured Crevo
coeur, south: of Cambrai. '
DELEGATES TO BIG CONFERENCE OF
SOUTHERN DIVISION WORKERS
, . . . . ... f . .- v - v.'"
ARRIVE MEETINGS TO PLAN COM
MUNlTYt WAR WORK.
... Delegates to the conference of '; ex
ecutive secretaries of the war ' camp
community srvice - axxived - last' night
and this morning", and "wiU' be "in ses
sion, in Penfitcpla' today an4'-tpmorrow. I
-"The opening seMMra yvul: take place
this morning at. 9 o'clock in the audit
orium of the San Carlos -hotel. ; ": ':i
' Onlcials ' stated yesterday that tHe
two . days' 'conference, is for strictly
business .affairs. The general public is
not , invited to' these sessions.
1 Secretaries in attendance are H. H.
Richards, Jacksonville; , R. A. Collings,
Miami; Marcus 6. Clemmons, Arcadia,
Fla.; H. B. McAllister, Pensacola, Fla.;
J. W. Vose, Anniston, Ala.; William
Taylor Elgas, . Montgomery,-- Ala.;
Avery G. Ollinger, Mobile, Ala. j O.-.L.
Steele, Montgomery. Ala.; C. Pfeiffer,
Hattiesburg, Miss.; Leo 1. Eddy, West
Point,v Miss.; Chas. , P. Goddard, New
Orleans; J. R. Park, Alexandria, La.;
Stacy A. Bowing, . Chattanooga' Tenn.
. Representing , the , southern district
are Lewis K. Brown, district represen
tative, and Thomas E. Rivers, secre
tary of the southern, division.
MOSSMAN NAMED TO
AID CITY SANITARY
DRIVE BY OFFICERS
Dr. Paul D. Mossman, assistant sur
geon of the public health survey, will
be given the 'position of assistant city
health offUcer. This was decided at a
meeting of the city commissioners yes
One of the first ' steps towards . the
sanitation of the city will be the elim
ination of earth; closets. ; Dr. ,W. K.
Sharp - has been ' placed , in charge of
this branch of the -work. . i i.. i
" Sanitary , Inspector : Robert J. Terueri
tine is. already engaged in the work of
inspection . in connection with the cam
paign," inaugurated here, v -
322, 7277, 6708; 1027, 16,169,
8366, 5366, 1697; 7123. :
2781, 9283, 6147,; 10;086; 438;
904, 12369, 1523 7152, 6360:
3748, 6540, 3808, 1240, 16846;
1907, 12521, 6593, 5941, 3073. .
13728, 20, 6857, 1255, 14122,
11101, 2132,-10762, 3235, 739; :
. . 16657, 6809, 4948, 8772, 7034,
535, 8691, 11060, 8858, 219. 1 '
16;518, 4287, 12839, 625, 72,
11338, 832, 10491, 14023, 14043.
964, 8637, 2897, 7834, 4273,
10656, 4327, 3505, 348, 7234. ,
v4, 12842, 4482, 9022 f 1961;
4886, 16009, 12930, 134, 14319:
12210, 8317, 395, 5240, 12284,
11255, 657, 12618, 3531, 14361. ;
13754, 11484, 13841, 8055,
6777, 7952 11191, 15760, 13359,
12184, 11232. v
PRINCIPAL COLLIER ASKS BOYS
NOT TO BUY WINTER SUITS UN
TIL BOARD DECIDES ABOUT UNIFORMS.
It has been definitely, decided that
military . training-, will be a part of tho
public school-work during the present
term, : but 'it has ; not" yet 'been deter-
ml neA Ahber. tke boy a vill : be - uni-
lormea. - : - vit. .'
This Vis 'the' statement of J, M. Col
lier, " principal of the Pensacola High
School. ; who asks that bovs who have
not .yet purchased their winter suits.
defer this until the school board has
definitely decided for or against the
The military ' training will '-. be un
der the " direction of ' William , Tyler,
head of the commercial 'department,
who after-the session of. the .'summer
school at the State University, -Gainesville,
- took; military training extending
over : five weeks ; at - the Plattsburg
training camp. ' ,
U. S. S. MINNESOTA
BY HITTING MINE
Washington, Sept. . 30. The battle
ship Minnesota; which struck' "a mine
yesterday off the Atlantic coast, has
arrived safely, at a naval station and
is now in dry dock, the navy depart
ment announced .today.
Latest report from the commander
of the Minnesota confirmed earlier
statements that no one was injured in
the accident. The explosion tore a hole
in the starboard, which extended Trom
the bottom of" the armor belt almost
to the' keel of the ship.
DEMAND $1 HOUR
New - York, ; Sept.v 30. Demands : for
an -tight-hour, day and a wage of $1 an
hour twith $2 Jan hour for over time,
were presented to 'the natfonal adjust
ment committee here today on behalf
"of. 75,000 longshoremen - engaged in
overseas ' shiploading " at ports "from
Boston; to' Norfolk. : ' - -
BODY OF T. O. JONES,
HOME, UTICA, N. 1Y.
; The body of Thos. O. Jones, Utica,
: New 'York, aviator, who met his " death
in a hydroplane accident at the Pen
sacola naval air' station last Tuesday,
was ' shipped : last night to the young
man's home icity. A full naval funeral
was held at Northup & Wood's undertaking-rooms
and. the body , was -accompanied
to -: th - train by, a ' naval
escort. ;,: " :-':y :
. The body.of.Thoma,atriclc Rear
don, of Fall River, Mass, who died at
the naval air; station from ; pneumonia
was also shipped to his -home ' at the
same -time, funeral rites for . the two
being -combined. ,:' : ' '
. John Arthur'Boeks, whose home ad
dress was, not given by the naval au
thorities, also died at the station yes
terday of pneumonia. Disposition of
bis body has not yet been- made.
Pensacola High School Students,
to Compete in Essay on Wak
ing Our Dollar Fight
WILL OFFER PRIZE
FOR BEST RESULT
Tentative Plan Contemplates
Awarding Prize to School of
City Selling Most Bonds.
Cooperation of teachers In the publio
schools of Pensacola has been secured
to aid in the Fourth Liberty Loan
campaign. Frank D. Tracy, chairman
of the school committee of the wom
an's division "of the Fourth Liberty
Loan Campaign committee, assisted by
Mrs. J. E. Taylor will direct the work
to be done in the schools.
In the high school four teachers will
take charge of the lour classes and
friendly rivalry, will beu sed to pro
mote the selling of bonds in the
school. High school pupils are to write
an essay not to exceed C00 words on
the subject "Making Our Dollars
Fight. This ft at the suggestion of
the National Woman's Committee of
Secretary McAdoo has named every
school child in the country a "Soldier
of the Liberty Loan" and in a rss
age to them said:
"Back of Hie troches of France run
our rear line trenches of America. In
them the government expects us who
stay at home to fight for the winning
of the war. In them every one of us
is o soldier on duty. The Liberty
Loan is a service in which every maur
woman and child in the country may
take part. Children may carry the
creed of patriotism into their -own
hcroesr7Berau-se-oTthiai influriice' a
child may help, to sell Liberty Bonds,
and I: hereby appoint every child of
school age in the United States, a sol
dier - of the Liberty Loan." ' ,
Will Credit Schools.
Because of . the delay in opening the
schools yesterday,: any salles of bonds
may' be reported to the school princi
pals ana eacn scnooi win , re fully
credited with the work done by' re
spective pupils. Tentative plans in
clude the offering of a special prize
to the schools which sells the most
bonds. . -
COMMITEE OF THIRTEEN PEXSA -
COUANS NAMED BY COUNCIL OF
- . . . . - . t
DEFENSE PLAN TO BETTER HOUS
ING HERE. I
The first meeting of the committee
of twelve Pensacolians named by
Bryan . Dunwody, of ' the Bscambia
county Council of Defense, to assist
in the government housing campaign,
met at the San Carlos hotel last nigfrt
to make preliminary arrangements.
Another meeting1 of the committee
is to be held tonight',"owing to the ab
sence of several members at last
night's meeting.. Organization was com
pleted by the men under the direction
of R. J. Edwards, of the U. S. Bureau
of Housing, and active work; to rem
edy the lack of housing conditions for
government workers will be begun
here at once. , V
The men who were named by Chair
man Dunwody were James A. White,
of the John. White Store; L. E. Nobles,
of L. E. Nobles & Co.; J. A. Avant, of
the Consolidated Naval Stores Com
pany; Attorneys John C. Avery, John
P. Stokes, P. R. Anderson and J. E. D.
Tonge, J. E. Meek, A. B. Wells, H. M.
Barr, and Thomas H. Johnson.
A thorough investigation of renting
conditions and charges of profiteering
amon house owners is to be; made. A
canvass of the city by the women who
will simultaneously seek buyers among
the housewives for Fourth-, Liberty
Loan bonds will be i made Files and
cards for the establishment of a hous
ingbureau in connection - with the
local department of labor office at the
city hall are to be secured at once.
FIFTEEN AMERICANS HONORED
; FOR EXTRAORDINARY HEROISM
Washington, Sept. 30. General Per
shing reported today,; ihat the distin
guished service cross had ben award
ed fifteen officers and men tilled .while
performing acts of extraordinary hero
ism." The list included Private Emory
MahalTy. Atlanta, .
Division Superintendent' Rivers
Lauds Pensacola for Results
Accomplished Here. -
OF, SERVICE MEN?,
Distinguished Visitors Commend
Broad Spirit of Local War
Activities Workers. ,
Prominent leaders In the natlonatl
work of the war camp community ser- i
vice are Lewis K. Brown, of Waah
ington, D. C, district representativej
of the southern district, and Thomas j
E. Rivers, of New York, division sec-!
retary of the southern division, who
are attending the conference of ejrecu-i
tive secretaries now convening iaj
When seen at the rooms of the rafj
camp community service yestendayj
afternoon, Mr. Rivers sptfke with much,,
enthusiasm of the work whlcH" hasj
already been accomplished in Den.
"I do not feel Ilka a stranger la
Pensacola. nor am I unfamiliar with.
the good work which has been ac;
oomplished here, paid Mr. RIvers. (
When I met your executive chairman ,
in New York, where h visited head-,
quarters, I was impressed with what
he told me of the work m Pensacola, j
but I was not prepared to find a dub'
house of an organization such as the
local branch of the War Camp Com
munity Service and the Army and
Navy Club. And this, notwithstanding
that Mr. Yonge had told me of the
splendid results accomplished here.
"When I visited the Army and
Navy Club today and saw its maehm
wy in perfect running order, the
thing that most., impressed me wa3
the way in which every '- need of the j
service men had been tak?n into con
sideration. V There-are larger clubH
throughout the countr but I do not
believe . one could find a club house
anywhere which so meets tho needa
of a community more thoroughly than
"Pnsarola ned3 ereater facilitres -
for the service men, but this city jf
could hardly have a better organiza- J)t
tion than that which has accomplished ( j
such splendid results in so snort a j
"When asked as to the possibility I JH
that Pensacola needs, may he metM
for war work here, Mr. Rivers said!
that this would be decided at the con- i"1?
The great thing that I have noticed i.
about the work here." said Mr. Rivers,
"is the broad spirit shown by those J. ? f,
who are interested. They seem toJ h
look at the work not from the local f t
view-point, but from tvt r? r.ct- , i.f
tional head-y- .-ch .-i'-.:- H' iti
any or us pn--u?a r.ava.. xir n--- v - (
Speaking r thsr'-.vih cf tr,t "-' Xrt,
munity Serv;. J'ir. 'JftUefi fUi i
"When the ;v.-kt- -r. :;'r;,'. I .
ed we askefl t wc-;krs ' to take :(,
charge of branches in eiglity cities-- j ?
. . J 1 .Itl.O .1.91 ' i
branches, and five floors of the Met- j
ropolitan building in New York city :
are given over to the work Of head-'" r;
quarters alone, hundreds of men ar- '
working throughout the country, and "
Secretary Baker has declared that he
(Continued on Page Five)
IN MID-AIR AT
The explosion of a dirigible at Wooi-
sey and its flaming flight over the bay rg,
occasioned, much alarm in Pensacola
and Warrington, last night about 10:20 :i
o'clock. . 'I
It was rumored on the streets that :r
the machine caught flre In the air and
exploded, causing the death- of flvu
This was denied at the naval air sta
tion, the official information being that
it was not In flight when the accident
occurred and that no serious injuries
It is 6tated that the dirigible was
preparing for a flight when it caught
flre ani that the flames forced the men
in charge to release It.
,s the flaming machine sailed up
wards it spectacular, flight was wit
nessed by people in a!l.partsof the
city and many exaggerated rumors re
The men who were handling the
machine were just about to make a -flitrht
and some burns were sustained'
by them, forcing them to release the
'Blimn. which sailed out over tnci
pay, lis fiticiKituicii "'t-r h vmuw
nnnii in Pensacola. from which it if
Residents of Warrlnglon statea mat
two men were seen to Jump from the ,
machine, but officials said that what
was seen was . probably the falling of
the engines. ' '
The cause of t.ie accident coma noi.
be ascertained last night. . -
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