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Company DAILY WEEKLY Journal Publishing LOIS K. MATES. President HARRY B. COOK, PubUxbar Conducted from 1899 to 191S Under the Editorship and - Management of CoL. Frank I UarM. . MEMBER ASSOC1IATED PRESS American News paper Publisher' Association t . Jlorld Preea Association - Booth era Nowspaper Publishers' Assoelatloa nXBSCRrPTION' RATES: Ons Week. Dally and Sunday ......1 .IE Two ees. Dally and Sunday .15 Ons Month. DalJy and Bunflay .55 Three Months. Dally and Sunday l.5 fitx Months. Dally and Sunday ..m. . On Year Dally and Sunday ..M..Mi...MMMi.M 60 Sunday Only, One Tear .............. ...... ........ 1.60 wkly -Journal, On Year 1.00 subscriptions are payable advance, and papers win b discontinued on expiration date. OTWTCH Journal Bids., Corner In dencla and DeLtint. Streets. HONE 3 Etfl torlal Rooms. 68 v Praat flmt and.PabHsbar. 48: Bus. Qfflca. UOf The Associated Press -Is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news credited to, It or not other. credited In this paper and also to local news pub- TitBhd. r-;ntered as second-class matter at the postofftce In Pensacols, Florida, under Act of Congress. March , lfc?9. Represented In the Oenreal Advertlstnir Field by CONE, LORENZEN A WOODMAN New York Chicago Detroit Kansas City Atlanta SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1918. TURGENIEFF CENTENARY English literary circles have devoted consider able attention this week to an observance of the tvan Turgenieff centenary. Turgenieff spent some vears of his life in London and was cordial ly received and publicly honored by the English people. Second only to Tolstoi among modern - Russian novelists, his works and teachings have been given added interest in the light of recent affairs in Russia. It was he who invented the word "nihilism." His "Fathers and Children" appeared in 1862, and in this he described the doctrines that were slowly and surely becoming , vital forces in Russia, and he called them nihil isticcoining the word. v Turgenieff was only 16 years of age when his father died. There was another brother, Nicholas, and the two boys grew to manhood under the direct charge of their mother. The Turgenisff family was an important and old one, and the mother was a Litvinoff a family with immense estates and many serfs, and she was heiress to all these. When the time came for Ivan to perfect his education as a Russian gen tleman he went to the universities of Moscow, St. Petersburg and Berlin. His home education to prepare for his college life had been carried on with German and French tutors. French was the court language of Russia, and Mme. Turgenieff allowed Russian to be spoken only in connection with the servants. ' ' Through one of their serfs Ivan gained his first insight into Russian literature. What he learned made a profound impression on the young man. There was another influence in Ivan's life that had been making its impress all through his youth. His mother presented one of the sad ex amples of the abuse of power. She was cruel to the last degree with her servants, and the abso lute control she had of them allowed her to go to any extremes in punishment for petty as well as great faults. Ivan's heart went out to these unhappy creatures.- He saw only one hope for them, and that was in emancipation. So when his mind had .naturally considered all sides of the question of this wretched state of slavery he decided to make literature a profession and devote all his powers to showing the unhappy condition of the Russian serf. Mme. Turgenieff was furious with her son and felt he had degraded the family. But Ivan held to his course, for he had passed beyond the bounds of her influence. His literary work did much to hasten the mat ter of emancipation. In telling of the condition of the peasants there was startling truth. The emperor read with keen interesstories that moved his heart. In 1863 Turgenieff went to live at Baden- LEST WE FORGET The American nation, the first and freest na tion in the world, has been chosen to lead the otljer nations of the world to liberty. The lead ers of this country have evidenced no desire to take to themselves more than their share of glory. The spirit and the valor of France are known to every nation, and have set a high example for others to follow. The courage and staunchness of the Britons are acknowledged with high pride by their American cousins. The splendid service that Italy has rendered will go down in history, as did the deeds of Garibaldi. But however willing and eager we may be to give credit where it is due, to acknowledge the debt we owe to France and Italy and Britain and the British colonies, it still remains true that America saved the day, that the American troops and American money and American ships and munitions and food made possible democratic victory. , y When we speak of the vast American army we think of them as millions of men sweeping up the heights to victory, under the folds of the Stars and Stripes. But let us pause and think of them, not as a composite army, but as individuals, Let us remember that this great army is made up of units, that but for the fact that these units are welded into one this war would never have been won. It is a fact that the world has been saved by co-operation of forces, by the unification of the many, consecrated to one common cause. As long as the war was conducted under various leaders, Germany had the upper hand. Jt was not until the fighting forces were unified under a common head, that victory became assured. And that is the most remarkable thing about this war, the perfect unity, the absolute co operation, since the realization was brought home to the leaders and the men that they must serve together if they would win together. Now that peace has come we must not forget this great lesson of the war. We must continue to serve together, we must continue to work towards one end, the democratization of the world. And when we talked loudly of democracy, when we tauntingly call attention to the wonderful feats of the American army, let us not forget that this army is made up of individuals. Let us not forget that the boys that won this war are not mere fighting machines, but that they! are our boys, sent from our American firesides to lead the world to victory, Let us not forget that most of them are very young, and all of them are very human. Let us remember that dark hours have come to hem, that they have been wounded, faced death, been prisoners, known hunger and thirst and pain unspeakable. Let us remember them, individually. Let us give tnem our support, individually. Let us hink of them, just as we think of our own. Let us not forget one brave deed, one dark hour, one onely moment. Let us make them feel, those over there and the men over here, that as they remembered us in the dark hour of agony, so today we are remembering them and that nothing, nothing in all the world is too good for them, nothing we can do is enough to show them how we honor them, how we love them, and most of all how truly we realize that by fighting over there they have made it safe for us to live over here. PEACE MIES NEED OF WAR WDBK FUND EVEN C 0 ESTER STREET RAILWAY CONTROL The question of Federal operation and control of street railways, light, heat and power com panies, and those other branches of quasi-public institutions not now being administered by the government will be the chief topics of discussion and deliberation at the thirtieth annual conven- ion of the National Association of Railway and Utilities Commissioners, which is to begin its sessions Tuesday at the offices of the Interstate BY GEORGE W. PERKINS. New York, Nov. 9. Men ' have said to me in the past few days, "If peace is coming, how much of the $170,500, 000 will the seven war work agencies need?" And the answer is that those great agencies which have done so much for the comfort and welfare of our hoys will need EVERY CENT of the amount fN ,rVi;.v. hi-.r or-o ocirins: yes. and A Ul tVlliWi tUVJ Oil MILLIONS more. No man who has read the history ht. this for a moment. For history shows that the months immrfiialiO following victory are oten more trying .nd perilous for an army than the days or naiue men Rp.lves. Thousands of men have stood the perils of battle, only' to have the moral fihrp loosened and the purposes nnoVrminpri in the - riavs of demobi lization. That must not happen in this war. No matter when our boys come home whether it be at the end of six months or a year or even two years they must come as BETTER and KTRONflRR nnrl MORE USEFUL tfien than when tftey went away. It is for this great task that the seven war work agencies are plan ning to equip themselves, with the funds raised in the United War Work Campaign. The thousand athletic directors in France must remain there, and other hundreds be added. Athletic supplies, which the agencies are shipping in lots that total millions of dollars worth, must continue to go across. For wholesome outdoor play is the best cure for home-sicknessand the dangers of too much leisure. The, movies are being taken to the boys at the rale of 15 miles of film a week; they will need movies more than ever in the next few months. They will need warmth and comfort; and often, in those villages where coal is $60 or 570 a ton, the hut is the only place where boys can be warm or can write letters home to you. Every hut will-become a university class-room on the day that victory is won. Leading educators rrom America have laid out a comprehensive course of study; text-books are being sent by the hundreds of thousands. One or der was placed last week for two mil lion dollars worth. 'American business men will go across with the best teach ers on this side, so that your boy may come back further along in his studies and better equipped for busi ness than when he went away. There are six thousand big friend ly secretaries in France doing for your boy what your fathers and. brothers of America would do if you could go across. There are more than a thousand woman secretaries. To them the boys go, eager to talk with a woman in a language they can understand; to them they show your pictures you mothers and sisters and . sweethearts. Shall we call those men and women home now when the boys .need, them most? . Shall we stop the movies and the baseball games, and the books and the phonographs and the lectures? Shall we shut up the huts that are home and rhtirch and store and the ater and club for the boys over there? Shall we shut them through the long winter days and evenings that are coming? Never! It must never he said of us that left our task half done. We have stood by loyally throueh the hard days of battle; let, us stand by now through the trying months to come. For those months are going to have a tremendous influence on the life and character of our boys and in lh' hands of those boys lies the future of America. THE BIG FOUR OF VICTORY! S 'r;vf .... ir$rz " ' r- h Si Jy:: os. . J ':tm iCV V 1st,- w yJi 1 V V ' -1 They ended the aspira tions of Germany for world empire and the formation of an invulner able military machine. BELGIUM SEEKS 1 FULL FRE (N. E. A. Special.) Washington, r. C, Nov. 9. Belgium after the war will, not again be a party to a "scrap of paper" guaranteeing her neutrality. One experience of" that sort .was enough, and -this time she will" de mand complete Independent sover eignty without any strings tied to it in the- way cf treaties. Belgian legation officials will not discuse the subject, but it is under stood that some sort of pronounce ment will soon be forthcoming from the government at Havre. The Belgians' position is that a re turn to tho status quo and a re newal of the treaty of 1839, violated by German in 1914 which brought Eng land and indirectly America into the war would curtail her sovereignty Commerce Commission in Washington. The con- Baden, then a greater resort for interesting folk jv ention really meets this year as an advisory body than it is today. He spent much of his time with Louis Viardot and his wife, who was the famous singer, Pauline Garcia. Louis Viardot! was the writer of many historic works. So their literary tastes made the friendship a close one. For many years Turgenieff continued to make his home with them. The English literary world found in Tur geniefFs work the originality that holds attention While in England he made many warm friends in the highest circles. In 1879 Oxford University honored him with a degree. When he came to die Turgenieff requested that his body be taken to St. Petersburg to rest in his native land. So his grave is in the Volkoff ceme tery of what is now the city of Petrograd, near the tomb of an early friend, the critic Bielinski, who was the first literary person to take kindly note pi his writings. Like most of the novels that have the strength and force to bring about reforms, the stories of Turgenieff are marvels in their realism and sim plicity. There is a profound undercurrent of sorrow in most of them. There is also in his to present to William G. McAdoo, director gen eral of railroads, its findings on those topics. It is expected the various state bodies as well as the national association, will be prepared to make recommendation as to advisable courses after the war. Hard to Relieve That Tight Cold ? Cured His RUPTURE I was badly ruptured while Hftlnjr trunk several years ago. - Doctors said my only hope of cure was an operation. Trusses did me no good. Finally I got hold of something that quickly and com- til ll CUred i-me- Tears have Passed and the rupture has never returned. There was no operation, no lost time, no trou ble. I have nothing to sell, but will eiv full information about how you ma v find a complete cure without operation, if you write to me, Eugene M. Pullen. Car penter, 90D Marcellus Avenue. ManaL 2nLN- J,' .Better cu out this notf and show it to any others who are rup tured you may save a life or at least stop the misery of rupture and the worry and danger of an operation. Adv. and enable Germany to exercise an economic superintendency which would be intolerable to the Belgian people. The peop!o .in oocupied Belgium al ready have n ade clear their opposi tion to neutralization, and King Al bert hinted at it in his reply to the pope's peace note last December, in which he demanded "complete politi cal, economic and military independ ence without conditions or restric tions." The Belgium government, in view of the imminence of a peace confer ence, will goon, it is believed, issue a detailed statement -setting forth as one of its principal peace terms the prin cipal that it cannot again be""a party to any agreement regarding its neu trality and will reserve the right o preserve its freedom of action as do President Wilson, and the premiers of our three chief western allies Clemenceau of France, George of Britain, and Orlando of Italy. other independent nations such as Holland, Sweden and Switzerland. , The M.&O. On thm q ua j' SIX? LOOK FOR THIS SIGN 108 East Wright Street Star Brand Shoea Ar Better 3D ft L O A N O A perfect Havana Smoke. Made in a fac tory under the supervision of the U. S. Gov ernment, who says "Nothing but Havana To bacco goes in this Cigar." AT YOUR DEALERS THE LEWIS BEAR CO. Agents Not a Bit of It! Dr. Bell's Pine-Tar-Honey Turns the Trick. Since Mme. Poincare became the first lady of France the Elysee has been converted into a veritable floral bower. The French President frequently emphasizes his appreciation of his wife's floral taste by referring to her as "Our Lady of the Flowers." One of the most prized possessions of Princess Mary of England is a magnificent bracelet bear ing the flags of England, France, Russia, Belgium and the United States, done in jewels and gold enamel. work a depth of love for nature in all her moods. States. Mrs. Thomas J. Preston, formerly Mrs. Grover Cleveland, has assumed charge of the National Security League speakers' bureau, and will direct 2,000 volunteer patriotic speakers in the United j The tight cold is, the kind Dr. Bell's Pine-Tar-Honey likes to tackle the hard-to-get-rid-of' kind. It gets on the job and helps Nature to loosen the cold and then finally to relieve it. You soon will feel like yourself. The balsam and other healing, sooth ing ' ingredients do it. The phlegm soon loosens, the inflammation is al leviated, the ."tightness" plves way without uncomfortable after-effects. Get a bottle today. 30c, 60c, $1.20. D'ALEMBERTE'S PEROXIDE CREAM Phone lOt A GOOD DRUG STORE" for Tac m . " J. P. REMICH & SONS "THE STORE THAT SATISFIM" REMiCH'S GROCEY SPECIAL ALWAYS SATISFY Phone 722 Christmas Gift Novelties of Distinctive Character Their exclusiveness and individuality will impress you first, then the ; attractively moderate prices. To maintain a reputation for liberal dealing- made possible by efficient buying has been the aim of this house. 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