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THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL Pair and cooler Friday; Saturday fair, . ;h west and northwest winds. Hionest temperature yesterday, 66 de- rees- lowest 58 degrees. . Prints more want ads than any other paper of like circulation in the world. Journal Want Ads bring results. VOL. XXIL NO. 24. PENSACOLA, FLORID A, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 24, 1919. : PRICE FIVE CENTS. MISSION 01 LABOR IS rnsH plan ropose Internationalization by Representatives of Capital and Labor Men. CHINESE WANT TO NULL JAP TREATY Russian Problem Sidetracked at Peace Council for League of Nations Topic. Paris, Jan. 23. Great Britain's plun for the working machinery to carry out the proposed interna tionalization of labor was out lined today to the Associated Press by George Nicoll Barnes, minister without portfolio, whose proposals will be considered at the peace conference Saturday. The program calls for the estab lishment of an international com nission made up of representatives of both labor and capital for the settlement of labor problems, the commission to be responsible to the league of nations. Washington, Jan. 23. A revision of the China-Japanese treaties of 1315, signed after the presentation by Japan of her 21 demands, will be asked at the peace conference by the Chinese delegation, accord irr to an official statement issued l;e-9 tonight by the Chinese agency. The statement said, "The Chinese p-osle assert that the treaties of 1315 are in principle as much a war settlement, demanding a re-' vision by the peace conference, as the Erest-litovosk and Bucharest treaties." It is declared that they strike at the root of the indepen dence and territorial. integrity of; "China. Paris, J?:;. 23. "With replies from hp various Russian factions to Its proposal for a conference being: await ed, the supreme council of the peace conference met at 10:30 o'clock today. Teanwhile the joint allied commos- ?:on is being made up, although no ames have been announced. AH Twrrbers of the council were present nen the meeting began. Having disposed of the Russian -estion for the moment, the supreme ouncil of the peace congress turned tC.ay to the principal object of its ors. the establishment of a League r-' Nations. This question promises to orr.nwnd virtually the undivided at 'Mion of the delegates until their '"-;on regarding: Russia shows results Ke way or the other. Expect An Agreement. 1 :t of the Russian negotiations it is "Opofl SOme Unanimous ao-reomon -htHI , - - - J J, -VllltlJl T AAA 0 TMrhc .V,. 111 ( i.,ai wm arms represema- "Vs of that country into further ses sion , cf pari. Delegates of all the -cta governments have express vlJ,Ve 0;,':nlon a secure peace can 'f53 continues on fire. cvi-e"arded as luite significant "luuiiuiug ine peace con- -Sl it should liA flnnnnnopd the first plan for a league of r.s t0 De considered comes from ? ,",Geor?e of Great Britain. This vJ'e in consonance with what has Kr.c-rn in a very small circle " American flplirntj that On Tllnno rt m T7il -V -a T! . .--an tUme Detore tne congress -WHOP Of M T,r ATT. mean officials explain Mr. Wll purpose is not oniv out defor- views of Kuropean statesmen, re is a Technlcal advantage in -l?r American plans until all "s have been fuilv 1 luPV mmr Vhn V A j ' v to bridge over d'sagreements - may Tnve developed. v. Wi" Back Any Plan. ?" VUn has told his colleagues C'' :"! no personal nrlde of au- in the plan for the league i? ?'j!-e ready to place himself -'TIS T-, ." " :nv'. 'dtner man proposing own. If he feels that pro w':n bpst serve the common i-,..'f (,I'sr'"-ssion goes on accord- P- 1 r Ian- U aPPears likely both ' nnd French plans will be 'pfre the president brings J"v n- which is ready for pre i. n at any time. deflnltely settled that a lv;)Pr of American troops will ' with Resident Wilson George Washington. Mr. ' -c'r? Persnally given orders ' V-J h "Vailable bit of space on J tr K!veTi to troops and that L' ."n.rI of his Party be reduced -""mum. ,Rnf'ing gave a dinner in '-i'nr t W- ravls- American v,. J; to Great Britain this af- 4, --4ITV3ent Wilson ani aH of i rn V 1 othe American peace ire present. GLASS SAYS DELAY IN REVENUE EXASPERATES Washington, Jan. 23. Secretary of the Treasury Glass said today that the Treasury Department had made all plans for the collection of taxes, upon the understanding that the rev enue bill would be enacted by Febru ary , but that reports had come to him that it might be much longer be fore it was completed. SEIZURE OF U. S. PLAN OF BOLSHEVIK! MIUTARY INTELLIGENCE OFFI CER SAYS SOVIETS ARE OR GANIZED IN U.S. FOR ANARCHY "Washington, Jan. 23. Testifying be fore the senate committee investi gating German propaganda, Archibald Stevenson, of the military intelligence bureau, said today that representa tives of the Bolsheviki movement have organized Soviets in industrial centers in this country and plan an eventual seizure of the government. Stevenson said that evidence exists that the Germans in the United States have begun a post war propaganda with a view of exerting influence to make peace terms less onerous. Leaders of the Bolsheviki movement in the country include John Reed. who. he said, wa s the consul general of New York for the Russian Soviets. Schools for teaching Bolsheviki doctrine to children have been established, the witness said and money for propa ganda had been sent from Russia. THE KAISER SAWS WOOD IN AMEROGEN TO KEEP UP FIRE Amerogen, Wednesday, Jan. 22. (Associated Press) Sawing wood continues to be the chief occupation of the former German emperor, who spends several hours dally within the castle grounds working hard, while men servants respectfully hand him logs and then pile short sticks in heaps for use in the furnaces . of the castle. - The- shortage -of coal in Hol land compels the burning of wood of which there is a plentiful supply on the castle estate. NEW YORK GIANTS CHANGE TRAINING TO GAINESVILLE New York, Jan. 23. The New York Giants will train in Gainesville, Flor- t Ida instead of Marlin. Texas, where j they have trained for 11 successive years. They will leave March the 21 for the new camp, the use of which was offered by the University of Florida, it was announced tonight. Exhibition games are scheduled to be played with the Washington and New York American teams. NATIONAL BURIAL PLACE IN FRANCE IS OHIAN'S PLAN Washington, Jan. 23. The perma nent burial in France of American sol diers killed in France was urged in the house of representatives today by Representative Foss, of Ohio, who in troduced a bill providing for the es tablishment of an American Field of i Honor Association, to obtain and beautify a cemetery in that country. He also proposed that a few Ameri can soldiers be kept there as guards. SWIFT IN PRAISE OF FOOD CONTROL AS IN WAR TIME Washington, Jan. 23. Louis F. Swift, president of Swift & Co., told the house Interstate commerce committee today that the food administration, in stabilizing the live stock market, had accomplished a "wonderful thing, both for the producer and consumer, and that its control was needed now as much as ever. He said: "The only possible way to have made the ship ments abroad as we did, was through the control of the food administra tion." NEGRO SOLDIER RELEASE TOPIC AT TUSKEGEE, ALA. Tusekegee, Ala., Jan. 23 Problems connected with the demoblization of negro soldiers were the subject of dis cussion today at the cncluding ses sion of the 28th annual Tuskegee ne gro conference devoted to the en couragement in general. Dr. KlTimett J. Scott, secretary of the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial In sttiute and who during the war has been special assistant to the secre tary of war at Washington, advising him on matters affecting the inter ests of negro soldiers, was the prin cipal speaker. "The delay is making: the situation serious for the Treasury and a feel ing of exasperation is arising among the business men," the secretary said. He also declared that the, treasury would proceed with the administration of the law without waiting for the sig nature of the President, when it is finally disposed of by Congress. " BAN IS TAKEN OFF OF MOVIE SHOWS AGAIN THEATRES REOPEN BY AGREE MENT ON BEST PLAN TO HAN DLE CROWDSNO LABOR MEET Following a compromise agreement between the motion picture and vaud eville theatre managers, ' and State Health Officer Tatom, the shows ex cept the Garden theatre opened their doors last night and played to good houses. This much of the flu ban has been lifted. The theatres were operated, how ever, by leaving every alternate row of seats unfilled, in order to avoid crowding and to bring about any I spread of the epidemic which Dr. Tatom says grips the city. If ne cessary, the theatre men say they they will empty their houses between shows, and thoroughly ventilate the j building before allowing crowds to enter again. But little information was advanced as to the flu situation in the city. Oth er public meetings have been called off, including the labor meeting which was to have been held at the W. O. W. hall last night. Society is hold ing no events of import and the churches have all ceased holding meetings which might spread conta gion by drawing crowds. Barber shops, some of the stores, pool rooms and similar Institutions were visited by the state health offi cer yesterday and warned against the congregation of crowds, in order to prevent further spread of the disease. 1918 RAILROAD EARNINGS-FALL BELOW AVERAGE Washington, Jan. 23. The railroads during 1918, under the control of the government and with the unusual war conditions, earned about seven hun dred and eighty million dollars, which is a quarter of a billion less than they earned in 1917, and three hundred and seventy million less than the highest record achieved in 1916 and about the same as 1915. Outstanding features of the railway earnings situation were that freight and passenger rates Increased the yield about nine hundred millions annually, or four hundred and fifty million in the six months during which they have been effective, while the advances In wages added six hundred and thirty millions to the operating expenses. GOMPERS FAVORS RUSSIAN MOVES IN PEACE PLANS Paris, Jan. 23. Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, who was told upon his ar rival here last night of measures rela tive to Russia, adopted by the peace congress, said: "I think it 'Is a very wise decision and hope it will have satisfactory results in restoring peace in Russia and placing that unfortu nate country again Into comity with the great factors of the civilization of the world." GOTHAM PLANSTO FETE GUARDSMEN OF EMPIRE STATE Washington, Jan. 23. With the an nouncement today that virtually the complete strength of the twenty seventh New York national' guard di vision was assigned for an early con voy home, plans began to take shape for an adequate reception. This is the first combat division to return. If practical the organization will parade in New York with complete fighting equipment, recovered, wounded and battle trophies. Secretary of War Baker again ex pressed a strong wish for the forty second division, "The Rainbow Divis ion" now of the Rhine, to parade in Washington, as the representative of the entire country and the whole fight ing army. ASSISTANT FIRE CHIEF FRANK ANDERSON DIES AT HOME EARLY TODAY Frank Anderson, assistant chief of the fire department, died at his home on East Intendencia street this morn ing at 12:55 o'clock, after an Illness of over two months. Mr. Anderson has been connected with the city fire de partment for about eight years. He leaves a wife and child, his mother, two brothers and two sisters- No funeral arrangements had been made this morning. Mill ACCEPT RIGID PEACE Lord Robert CeciIof Britain Says Rigid System for Peace -Ahead of Times. " l. " BINDING POWERS NOT PRACTICABLE Non Rigid Machinery to Assert Conciliatory Influence Plan Cecil Advances. . London, Jan. 21 (Wednesday.) Lord Robert Cecil, who annunced at Paris today that he had submitted to the peace congress a draft of the I British view on the subject of the j league of nations, believes the world j has not yet reached a stage at which I an absolutely rigid system for the preservation of international peace can be set up, according to a Router's dis patch from the French capital. , In discussing his Idea .of the form the league should take. Lord Robert says he thinks an international tribunal' with abslutely binding powers is not practicable - at present. ; "The creation of non-rigid interna tionally guaranteed power to be able by exerting influence toward concilia tion, may work, will be the main strength of futuro peace-makers," he said. "Such a body must, however, possess at ' least sufficient interna tionally guaranteed powre to be able to prevent surprise declarations of war and to compel disputants to ac cept delay during which forces of civilization may have time to try to avert a calamity." :V v Favors a Council. Lord Robert said he favored the es tablishment of, a permanent interna tional council of the league which would sit at a, place agreed - upon. Above ; this, he said, there should be a superior council, consisting of, :prW miersj; of- important members -.-otJVart ous national governments which might meet regularly and during the next few years very frequently. New states formed out of the wreck of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, Lord Robert said, could be admitted to the league without difficulty as soon as settled governments were es tablished. News In Brief From All Over The Universe New York, Jan. 23. Federal Judge Julius M. Mayer decidea in a test case today that stock dividends are not subject to federal Income tax under the income tax law of 1916. Washington, Jan. 23. Secretary Glass said today he would resign as secretary of the democratic national committee and probably will be suc ceeded by W. R. Hollister, of Missouri, now assistant secretary. Washington, Jan. 23. Special rates on feed stuffs to drought and storm- ridden sections of the southwest were ordered extended today by the railroad administration from January 25 to March 1. Santiago, Chile, Wednesday, Jan. 22. Acting under orders issued by the government, the police are attempting to abolish the "white slave" traffic In Santiago by deporting persons ac-. cused of the offense. St. Petersburg, Fla., Jan. 23. Lieut. W. R. Whiteside8, of Okolona, Miss., was instantly killed and Lieut. W. W. Ferguson, of Olathe, Miss., fatally in jured here today when an aeroplane in which they were giving an exhibition got out of control and dived onto a small island in the bay here. Berlin, Jan. 23. Of the American soldiers taken prisoner by the Ger mans on the western front only a sin gle one now remains in Germany, the Associated Press correspondent has learned. This prisoner is at Stutt gart, too ill to be removed at present. Columbia, S. C Jan. 23. Influenza has broken out among the members of the South Carolina general assembly. Senator B. T. Nicholson, of Edgefield, one of . the leaders of the upper house, died of the disease this morning and several other members of both bran ches of the legislature are ill with the disease. Washington, Jan. "23. Debate cov ering a wide range of subjects again today held up a final vote on the bill appropriating 5100.000,000 for food re lief in Europe and the near easL Ad ministration leaders, however, were hopetul of disposing of the measure before adjournment. IDT WAGE INCREASES ASKED FOR BY RAILROAD MEN Washington, Jan. 23. Request for wage increases from four groups f railroad empolyes are under investiga tion by the Bard of Wages and work ing conditions of the railroad admin 1 istration and decisions will be an- Inounced in the near future. This an nouncement was- made today by the ' board in a . Wage and working cndi- UNION MEET POSTPONED TO AVOID FLU NO MEETING HELD TO DISCUSS POSSIBLE LABOR CAN Dl DATE AT COMING ELECTION IN JUNE. Union labor postponed the meeting which . was to have been held last night to discuss the advisability of naming someone to run as a candidate for city commissioner at the coming election. President Keiley of the Trade and Labor Assembly said last night that the meeting would be held at a later date. The "flu" epidemic and the request of State Health Officer Tatom made at a late hour yesterday were siven as the reasons' for the postponment. The request of the official reacheU trades labor officials so late in the day that hand bills were resorted to, in the effort to stop' union men from gathering - at the scene of the pro posed meeting, the W. O. W. hill, Baylen and Romana streets. "We did not seem to be flying in the face of properly constituted au thority' said President Keiley. "For that reason we postponed the meeting although the motion . picture shows were allowed to run last night. It was regrrttcd that the closing order reached us so late, since many men virited the hall who had not been in formed of the order." . VEGETABLE RATES TOO HIGH, TAMPA MEETING VERDICT - Tampa, Jan. izz. Fruit and vege table shippers and growers in this state in a two days session ending, today adopted a resolution declaring t that the proposed new scale of icing j charges by the Railrad Administra- tion was unjust, exhorbitant and dis criminatory against Florida. A dele gation will be sent from Florida tn a public hearing in Washington Febru-i ary the 24th. When thn nrnnmuH - vvu,x cn I rai.es ior reingeratlon will be thresh ed out. BIRMINGHAM LINE RECEIVER NAMED BY JUDGE GRUBB Birmingham. Jan. 23. Lee r? T?mr J ley, Birmingham attorney, was ap- pointed receiver fr the Birmingham : Railway Light and Power company oy reaerai judge v. 1. Grubs this af ternoon. The action was taken on a petition filed by the American Cities Railways who are the chief owners of the local system. 104,000 WOUNDED U.S. TROOPS ARE STILL OVERSEAS Washington, Jan. 23. Wounded American soldiers remaining in hos pitals overseas number approximately one hundred and four thousand, Col onel W. H. Smith of the Surgeon General's office, told the Senate com mittee today, which is conducting an investigation on hospital facilities and construction. Many of these men may not be brought home until they re cver. PREDICT EUROPE RELIEF BILL WILL BE PASSE DTODAY Washington, Jan. 23. Passage of the administration bill for food re lief of urope was predicted tonight by leaders, after another day of debate with only a very few members in their seats, by partisan support of the bill, which was further indicated to day. Speaker today urging the pas sage of the measure included Hitch cock of Nebraska, ( Democrat, chair man f the foreign relation committee Smooth , of Utah, Kellogg of Minne sota, Republicans. Hoover was vigors ously defended by Hitchcock and Smoot. Paris, Jan. 23. The preliminary peace will be signed early in June at the latest, according to the most trust worthy information, says Marcel HUtin, in the Echo de Paris, today. Miami, Jan. 23. What was said to be a new naval aerial endurance rec ord was established today by Ensign Dalrymple of the local Naval Air Sta- ! clared that he will not participate in tion, who remained in the air contin- j the conference proposed by the Su uously for nine hours and twenty-one . preme Council with Bolshevik repre minutes. j sentatives. tions of the following classes of em ployes were announced as the subject of inquiry: Engineers, firemen, conductors and train men in "road and yard service; employes engaged on sleeping, din tog and business cars; employes in the police department and employes of the American Railway Express. SOLDIERS OF PENSACOLA TO BE WELCOMED NEW YORK COMMISSIONER WRI TES OF PLANS TO ENTERTAIN THEM UPON ARRIVAL IN GOTHAM. Pensacola will give a welcome home to her returned soldiers, sailors and marines who will march in the great land -parade which will take place in New York. Today . Mayor Sanders and Secre tary McAllister, of the War Camp Community Service, will confer and decide the best possible way of ex tending the city's greeting to the men when they first land on native soil. Pensacola mothers and wives of the men of the service who are in New York for the big demonstration, will be shown special courtesies by the soldiers and sailors relatives' commis sion. Otto B. Shulhof, Chairman of the commission, has written Mayor Sanders that New York will honor them - and make special efforts for their comfort while they are in New York. 208 AMERICANS GET CITATIONS IN FRENCH ARMY Paris, Jan. 23. Citations for 203 Americans are contained in French army orders, according to the latest official Journal. The list Includes Lieut, Quentin Roosevelt, Major-General Jno. A. Lejeune, Brigadier Generals A. v J. Bowley -aTd: W; C.Neville? Colonels William C. Mitchell, Hugh G. Meyers. Jr., Edward Davis, Hiram I. Bears, Edward Stone, James Rhea and Fred erick L. Wyatt; Aviators Edward V. Rickenbacher and Douglas Campbell, and Chaplain Thomas G. Speers. American sanitary section No. 504 was cited, as was the 28th infantry; Company O, 56th engineers; American sanitary section No. 583, and the 7th machine battalion. BOLSHEVIKI GET OUT OF PETROGRAD AND SEIZE FOODS Copenhagen, Jan. 23 Bolsheviki forces are evacuating Petrograd and are, removing all stores, according to dispatch in the Berlinske Tidende from Helsingfors. The dispatch said that Len Trotsky, the Bolsheviki min ister f war, was transferring his head quarters to Nizni Novgorod and that anti Bolsheviki are growing daily. PORTUGESE WAR VESSELS SHOOT ON COAST TOWNS London. Jan. 23. Wireless dis patches received from Madrid says that reports from frontier towns de clare that Portuguese war vessels are bombarding Oporto, which is still in the control of the monarchists. The dispatch says rumors persit that form er King Manuel is about to land on Prtugese territory. LIVESTOCK MEET IN RESOLUTIONS ON U. S. CONTROL Denver, Jan. 23. Resolutions oppos ing the government ownership on rail roads and urging the early return to private contrl under adequate federal recrulatlon. favoriner federal licensing : and regulation of packers and stock '' yards, advocating universal military ! training and wman suffrage amend ' ment was adopted at the closing ses i sion of the convention of American livestock association here today. Paris. Jan. 22. Although no official notice has been received that the com mittee named by the Irish parliament at Dublin yesterday is going to Paris to present the claims of Ireland for self determination at the peace con conference, it has already been de termined if the delegations secures passports Its application for admis sion to the conference will be passed upon by the committee of credentials under the present rules. Paris. Jan. 23. Former Russian Foreign Minister Sazonoff. represent ing the Omsk government has de- ILSHOR 1 DISCUSS SUSS FUTURE Presidents of Republics Meet To night at 7:30 O'clock to Talk Over Plans. EXPECTS TO HAVE SAY IN PARLEYS Official Brings to Paris Expres sion of Switzerland's State ment of Her Wants, Paris, Wednesday, Jan. 22. The presidents of the United States and Switzerland will meet tomorrow eve ning at 7:30 o'clock. President Ador, who arrived here from Berne today, will confer with President Poincare, Premier Clemenceau and possibly Premier Lloyd-George before meeting President Wilson. President Ador comes to Paris bear ing an official statement of the views of the Swiss government on pending international questions, which will be laid before the peace congress. The statement follows. 1. Switzerland expects to be ad mitted with other states to the peace negotiations as far as they will deal with her own special interests or with problems of general importance. ' Ex clusion from deliberations on problems of the league of nations will be con sidered by the Swiss people as incon sistent with the principles of demo cracy. Neutral states, not having been called upon to make as heavy sacri fices as belligerents, have nevertheless suffered severely in consequence of the war. All have been able, especially in the case of Switzerland t,o render considerable service to humanity. Wants Nation League. 2. Switzerland highly approves of the creation of a league of nations for preserving peace, and expects from -ita -complete reform of inter national relations. Consequently the maintenance of peace should not real ly depend upon the observation of a procedure of inquiry previous to a declaration of war, but must be found ed upon a general interdiction to parties in conflict not to resort to arms. International conflicts must, as far as their character allows, be solved either by arbitration tribunals form ed by the free consent of the parties or else by a permanent international court offering every guarantee of po litical independence. All other inter natinal disputes must be submitted to a procedure of mediation through which lasting settlements on the basia of equity and justice can be arrived at. Urges Militance. 3. Switzerland recognizes the ne cessity for action which may ulti mately consist of military pressure within the system of the league of nations. Nevertheless, Switzerland is determined not to abandon her neu trality, wheih is laid down in the Swiss constitution and based on the tradi tion of 400 years of peaceful politics. This neutrality is necessary for Switzerland, considering the composi tion of her population, as well as on account of her being in a particularly exposed strategical position. In case armed conflict should, after all occur under the reign of the league of na tions, the existence of the several per manently neutral and inviolable states would be a great benefit also for the league itself. The institution of the Red Cross must be based on the ex istence; of such neutral territory if it is to be able to entirely fulfill its task. 4. Freedom of production and com merce is of vital importance for Switzerland. The Swiss people hope peace will reestablish the principle of commercial freedom. As far as limi tations will be imposed concerning importation, exportation and free pas sage of goods and raw materials, all states should mutually accord each other favored nation treatment. Wants Access To Sea. 5. Switzerland, as a landlocked country, mainly dependent upon its share of the world's commerce, high ly approves of the principles of free access to the sea. First of all, Swit zerland attributes great importance to the maintenance and improvement of the existing International waterway of the Rhine from Basel to the North Sea. Switzerland fully expects, be sides that it soon will be possible to come to an understanding with France and Italy for opening the Rhine and Po-Ticino rivers for navi gation on a big scale and obtain recog nition of similar principles regarding these rivers a are in vogue for al ready internationalized waterways. It also is of vital interest to Switzer land to obtain the right of passage -over railroads to the sea and through European states, eastward. 6. The political, legal and economic principles formulated by President Wilson are so entirely in conformity with the traditional wants of Switzer land that she will adhere to them, whatever difficulties may lie in tha way of their realization." Paris, Jan. 23. Recognition of the new government of Poland is expected here. Action to this end, it la be lieved, will be taken shortly.