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A i- .. - - - iff 1. -r. " S. - . i LOCAL WEATHER. The Pensacola Journal Pensacola's Only Sunday 1 Newspaper ; , For Florida i Fair Tuesday and Wodnoaday with fiontlo ah if ting winds mostly oast over aouth portion - and aoiith ovar northwaat portion. i0 PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, TUESDAY' MORNING, APRIL 29, 1919. I VOL. XXII. NO. 118. PRICE FIVE CENTS ni2)(Q)?iri i o i s i I L " .-. I I 1 1 I f i- Us l: 1 I I I II I I I 1 II i f r I I I rw n cir? id) MI WISS 1M atiffiB I? RiEB 13 BMjMH iffi HOMffl League Itself Will Later Pacs Upon Merits of the Claims of Amendments Eliminated. ITALIAN DISPUTE TO BE ARBITRATED Five Judges s t ncprceenting United States, Italy, Ja pan, Britain end France Will Try Kaicer. The revised covenant of the Laaguo of Nation haa" finally been adoptad at tho plenary session of tho paaca conference. Sir : Erie Drummend will bo firat aac rotary- general of tha league, haadquar. tara of which will bo Gonova, ; Switaarland. ' , . . . Japan'a amotions far a clauaa in tha covan.l dialing -with racial aquality waro net aatiafiad, and tho daairaa cf Franco for an in- , tarnational pclica forea and tin , t Station and voWHeation of armi . manta wara nat fulfillad. Both Japan and Franca withdraw thair; amandmant. It ia reported that tha Uaoiio ftaolf later will pass upon tha niarita of tha respective claime. , Incorporated in the " pa treaty tra t r ."- Ar-'l. -. rror ty;r.n t::; atloJ i. r- J : tor Uiil tr rUtary cou. c? Ciraan oCIoers iwk may be accused of having violated the laws and customs of war. . Surrender of William Hohenzollern, now in Holland, and other persons re quired by the courts, will be demanded by the powers. The only big . issue outstanding- la Italy's claims with regard to Flume and- the ' Dalmatian coaatal regions. President Aden' of Switzerland, haa arrived in Paris, and one report saya he has been requested to become ar bitrator in the dispute. , Paris. April 28. At today's plenary aeseion of the peace eczil re nee, tha council of four presented-, the text of twenty provisions for prosecutions of the former Emperor William by a court of five judges representing: the United States. Great' .Britain, . France, Italy and Japan, for supremo offense against international morality (and sanctity of treaties. , ' -.' '.--v ; ' The council of Ave, at Its meeting; Saturday, says La Llberte, agreed that German war prisoners will be liber ated after the signing of the peace Jrraty. " The German delegates to the peace ejjfigress arrived here this evening at 9 o'clock. The party numbered sixty. Immediately on their arrival the dele- gates were - taken In automobiles to 'Hotel des Reserveoirs. There was no untoward incident. ' ' No credence is given at the White House to the statement that Ambas sador Pago intends to resign the Roma post on account of differences with the president lover tho .Flume ques tion. It is declared nothing is known of differences. .' Washington, April 2S. The constitu tion of the League of Nations Is the work of politicians, not jurists, and it creates an organ of power instead of an institution of justice. Dr. .David Jay no Hill, former ambassador to Ger many, declared here today in an ad dress Under the auspices of George Washington university. Dr. Hill as serted the league covenant created either a super-government with' im perial power, or a mischief-making mandatory body with no real means to enforce ita decrees. OVER A MILLION IS VANTED FOR OUR mSTITUTIONS (By HERBERT FELKEL) Tallahassee, ? FXa-, April 28. The of the governor as chairman and alt hoard of state institutions, composed the members of the cabinet, are asking the legislature or 873.500 for the state hospital for the insane at Chatta hoochee, $229,250 for the industrial (reform) school for boys at. Marianna. and $104,000 for the industrial school for girls at OcaJa, V '.,. A bill covering these appropriations was introduced today by Senator Rus sell, who states that ho was asked to submit the measure for the board and he does not promise to rapport all tho I neos contained ta ta J P R ESI D ENT MAY L J ' . Premier ; Orlando wired homo to Italy to' - protest tho American em bassy and American interests In that country against any demonstration protesting the stand of President Wil son.' - Pago is the Americaa" ambassa dor, to Italy and unless recalled by the extreme -action' of a diplomatic break will look after,; Interest of LAmeri- rrerday.for X..-- :,.' - ' ' T.'j.V -; ",. : Sonnino. foreign-minister, has been constantly and always .or a : Greater Italy, without regard to the claims ot other peoples. An Italian - ministry re signed because . of i differences . In ' the country ;over. I h ia :: annexationist .. plans at s the opening cf the peace .'congress. But ' Sontano'-stayed. Orlando, " prime, minister. atVnr time differed with SonimWb, but .be, A now is ' stubbornly i backing the position taken by the f or I eign minister. !iHe -arrived in Romal Sunday night from -Paris. . ' As : Contrasted With Recent Reconihiendations, State ment Ts -' of Unusual In terest,- ; Washington. April' 28. Postmaster General Burleson has recommended to President Wilson that , all , telephone, telegraph, and cable lines ;be returned to private -Owners as soon as congress can enact the' legislation, deemed nec essary. ' - . In a statement today Burleson said he hoped to have cables in the hands of owners, by May 10, but the condi tions of . telegraph and telephone wires was such.' however, the' statment said. Vhe was convinced congress should pass iegisiauon ; saieguarding the interests of owners in every way that it is pos sible to safeguard'tnem." 4--::. v; Post office ""department officials who have aided: in the control of tee tele graph and. telephone l companies, ex pressed the1 belief ' that " few " of the companies cou!dweather the financial storm if the, .properties ; were turned back, without remedial legislation, 0 aim mm RQBCSXBAL BUS' PASSED mm mm Physical Education and Training in Public Schools Was i&nong Important Measures. ' OTHERS CONCERN :i COURT. MATTERS Child Welfare BUI Merely p uives commissioners Au thority to Appropriate, as Now Amended.. (By HERBERT FELKEL) ' Tallahassee. 'April 28. The senate today passed four general bills. They were a measure by Senator Kulley to promote the upbiulding of national vi tality and, efficient citizenship through establishment . ot physical education and training for pupils of both sexes in public schools; an act to provide that no administrator shall be neces sary upon certain cases; a bill to re duce costs of preparing transscrips of appeals in equity cases and a meas ure to amend the rules 'for taking of acknowledgements in foreign coun tries. A resolution by Senator King ask ing that ; a St. Lucie county local fish bill . be . recommitted, failed after Sen ator Hughlett, whose .district includes SU Lucie county, asked the senate not to'- adopt ' it, ; senatorial courtesy pre-r resw. . .. V,;W.'ied by :aor A. jsti Wi.Irc jt. tho Ct. XAicie Tribune and others. ' ' " -" ' ' v Senator Carlton introduced a' bill giving the ' Idve Stock Sanitary board authority to v condemn Infected cattle and pay the owners for the loss sus tained by the killing of the f diseased animals. He also introduced a. meas ure providing for re-establishment of a state farm or colony "for epileptic and feeble minded and to make appropria tion therefor.' It is stated" that there are scores of such patients -Incarcerated at Chattahoochee who do not be long in an asylum for the insane, that they can and do work, that in order to enlarge the "hospital to accommo date these patients the expanditure of funds that, would be necessary would be greater than the cost of a propos ed separate farm and that the epilep tics and feeble; minded could : make their institution practically seKBC3 mining. ;-":;.-:.-;:r; 4 Senator Singletary introduced a LIS! providing that a bank shall not j"e liable. to a' depositor for the non-p?.y-. ment of a check through error unless the depositor can prove actual dam age. . . - '-'i. The senate voted to meet in the fu ture from 20:30 a. m. to 1:30 p. and t trom 3 to a p. in., eacn oay. . - Child Welfare. When the child Welfare bill -yas reached Seutor Turner withdrew hlaf amendment to except , Levy , county from the provisions of. tho measure after ho. had been assured tha the amendment would kill the bill; that the paying- of pensions to mo tiers was not ntanditory upon the boaiv county commissioners, and after th bill had . been amended to . read "The boards.- of county commissioners are authorized and empowered" instead o: "It shall be the ..duty of the county commissioners" ; several . friendly amendments, ' to ; perfect this measure mawa tfk A ai1 i f WAft f- d-A 4 Vt A A grossing room- When the McWIiliams bill to provido medals for all Florida boys who served as soldiers and sailors in the world war came up on secon d reacting ' Sen -ator Malone tried in vain to amend it so as to also give medals to those who assisted in the draft machinery of the state. Senator Jackson ' opposed the amendment on, the ground that a sol dier who had served overseas would not appreciate the medal if it went, to the man in the office of the : local board. Senator lie Williams said such an amendment would result in mini- mixing the, token 'of gratitude to the Florida heroes " asid he . would vota against the bill if it were so amended. MeWilliamo Bill Debated. 'The McWUIiams bill to create looal visiting boards in each of the towns where are located ' the institutions or higher education and eliminating from the original Buckban bin the provis ion that no member of the board of control shall reside in any "town in which : there is r a - college under, the board of v control, was debated at length in ' the senate today and was finally informally passed, over on the calendar at the request of the author, who may take it up and attempt to pass it at a later date. The bill re tains its position on the Tin?ill'ifir of J. bills on. third roartinr. A RBI BTvsaaaas' . kv ' MEOTRISAJAMyp r f - , SEA. -The Italian peninsula was a group of disunited states when Cavour, premier of Sardinia . (1) conceived a plan to unite them under the banner of the House -of Savoy. , With the aid of Napoleon, Lombardy (2) was wrested from Austria in 1859 and with the approving vote by its people annexed. Sentiment- for a United Ital y had long been active in . the Inde pendent States (3), and one by one in" 1860 they overthrew their petty rulers and voted to unite with Sardinia in the' making of a Greater Italy. With their united armies they quickly took Venetia (4) back from Austria in 1866. Home (5), the church state, was the last in the peninsula to come Tinderthe4ItaltanifHi: mil8IO. V;T and Istria and a bit of coast between Istria and Veneila (6) are admittedly ' Italian and will be: given to ItaTy hy the' peaceeongrreas at Paris without question. But; now Italy claims Flume ; the secret ,treatys.r ; "Wflsn akatsrrsi-. jr and the cttfias behind her. Live Stock Sanitary Board Is Asked, to Give Itemized Statement of Its Past Do ings. I (By J3HN C. TRICE) " Tallahassee:;' April 28. The first thirx. tho-toqHSir-did this morning was ; thirds,. jidc dopt a resolution by Mr. upper- 1 son of Levy, calling on the Live Stock Sanitary board ' to file with . the legis- ; lature an itemized . statement of its expenditure since its organ iaztion. Time for filing the report is limited it& tomorrow morning. ,A telegram was reaa irom csenaior Fletcher to the - speaker of the house. tastated he would arrive in Talla- basee during . the day, and after his arrival would be at " the" disposal of tho legislature if that body desired to hear him. Tonight was , agreed upon for holding a joint session for listen ing to the address of the -senator. Mr. Hamblin. f Millsborougb, called up lunate messages for the purpose of sretti before the house a bill nl teady passed in the other, end of the recites in a preamble that of a million dollars ' appropriated by . the federal government for- combatting 'venereal diseases, the sum of $8,183 was paid into the state treasury, on the 11th day of last Februarybut it could not be aid. out on a warrant of comptroller until the legislature authorized it. The Qin passed. , : ' Mr. -Wade, of Olay county, called up his bill. 181. putting into effect . com pnlsory school nt tendance system in the state. ; He sa 4 he was not going to ask for its pass to at this time,1 only "it be read: he second time and r .enced to thT 1 reading. After it 1 J been read 2 f. Williams, of Leon, nsorved to sulk i out - the enacting clause. In donj so he pointed out thrJt the bill ' of Ztr. Wade . had been beTvre the commlCee on education and reOmed to the Chouse withou trec-omr-tndation, wtile a -bill of his on the-ame subject bad been unani mously reported favorably by the 00m mittca. ' - i '. ...'' For an hour Or more ' Mr. Wade spok. m favor of ; his bin and against the votion. - Ho reviewed at length the . r, .potties of churches of - ancient times. asKr pieacad zor separation of church and. state,. Ho contended his bill Jvrould do more than that of Mr, Willsasv : to briso; , about this result, while putting into effect compulsory attendance at home public , schooL The house, by a large majority, vot- XCoatlnaed. oa Page-ThreeJ. EMM TRATE ITALIAN. it i ; coast,the '.latter under " the terms of i. before the.; Unite tates ."entered i the 'war. J A 6srjttter8rfacia a report for"ngo-SUvBrfei! r. ' 7"" ma. llllSggglSISglgglSiS R. P. STOUT IS EXPECTED TO SUCCEED MACKEY Tallahassee, April 28.- Is is reported from many sources that the governor has positive- 3: S :ly stated on several occasions Sthjit H. J. Mackey's name will Si not be sent up to the senate for iS - reappointment and confirma M tion as County Solicitor of Es S cambia county. R. P. Stout' is IS I" expected to be named. 18111 ig News In Brief From All Over The Universe Washington,. April 28. The . nation has subscribed $839,000,000 to the Vic tory Loan.r Washington, April 28. Richard Crane, private secretary to Secretary Lansing, it is understood has been se lected to become the first American minister to the new republic of Czecho Slavonia. ' . New Tork, 'April 28. Samuel Gora pers, president of the American Fed eration of Labor, injured when a street car ' struck . his taxicab yesterday, is resting well tonight. - His condition is favorable, physicians announced. Tallahassee, FUu, April 28. United States Senator Duncan U. Fletcher addressed the legislature in joint ses sion here tonight, beginning at 9 : 30, having been invited by a concurrent resolution. New York, April 28. William P. Oliver, : Lucern. Miss ' ' fireman, , was among four ' United States sailors drowned in the Hudson river today when a launch collided with the de stroyer Henley and sank. A fifth is missing and believed lost. Montgomery. Alav April f 28. Judge McCord.of .the Fifteenth Judicial dis trict court today issued an injunction restraining the Southern Bell Telephone-company from putting into ef fect May 1st advanced rates in city of Montgomery. Atlanta. April 28. American soldier in France never knew what retreat was. A. Mitchell Palmer, attorny gen eral, declared here tonight in opening the local Victory Loan campaign. The people of the United States, he said, are not going to be beaten by their own -soldiers. - - Mr. Palmer . said . a young cousin of his, who went in as a private, came nome irom Tance a captain, told him that in training camps they never told us a word about retreat." General March con tain latec the sneaker said. nTTi7nsr .... - ' . . . , ..; .... . ' e- Work of Flyers Here ; Was , Ons of IJost Effective cf : Pullicity Stunts of , Vic- . , tory Campaifji.' Immerman turns, barrel rolls, loop the loop, tail spins and" slide slips thrilled Pensacola yesterday, when two great army planes . from Montgomery gave an exhibition of nearly an hour, directly over the city; with lit." J. C Nail, Lt. A. T. Steele, Lt. Harry Thomp son and -. Expert Mechanician ; J. C. Tomlin taking part in the Tlying cir cus. V. : : The planes left the Pensacola naval ail station about 4 o'clock, returning at 6, and before the flight to town was made Miss Thelma DeBroux, a charm ing, young yoemanette, who has been most active in the Victory drive at the station, was given a ride in one of the machines.! MlsajDeBroux has . the distinction of .1 nr lirsyo jajrHriatsiidau of bess ia - aiu made a .flight irt an air plane,; and found the experience pleasant jsswelV as thrilling. The army - fliers leave early this morning, stopping over In Brewton for gas. and then going on to Montgomery. Their work in Pensa cola attracted much attention and was one of the most effective publicity stunts of the Victory campaign. The following wire was received by Escambia county headquarters yester day From Chairman Haynes McFad deu: "Chairmen of all counties who have made their quotas at the end of the month are invited to Atlanta, to meet Hon. Carter Glass, secretary . of the treasury, on May 1. Please make ex tra effort to get your county over, so that you may be with us. Kxpenses will not be paid unless your county is over by May 1. ' "McFADDEN." . J. M. Muldon, K8cambia county chairman, sent the following wire in reply: "Sorry, but consider it impossible to put Escambia over by first. Total subscriptions in banks, $194,000. Sixty thousand additional subscriptions not yet deposited. Don't worry about us. Be there May 10 with bells on. "MULDON." Among buyers of bonds yesterday were a number of patriotic Greeks. S. Griffin of the B. and l B. purchasing $5,000, and Charlie Barlirls of Angelo's Lunchroom taking $3,000 of subscrip tions. Another $5,000 purchase was made by Jack Ling. R. F. Mitchell chairman, speaking for the West Florida zone, said yes terday. ' ,. -(."The campaign Is getting under way in earnest and all counties not already over are hard at work." -. , .Bay , and .Washington counties have gone over with flying colors'. Okaloosa went over "Friday, but was unable to report, owing to a bank holiday Sat Mr. Mitchell said: "It is a wonder ful thing the way . Okaloosa always comes over the wire before the other counties have got their second heat. This little county, the Baby county of Florida, sets the pace for others, and in making its quota it has only made true the forecasts which were made by county and zone chairmen. J. D. Cobb has had able men working with him in this campaign and has done some fine work." The vaudeville show from the Pen sacola naval air station is playing the circuit , in fine style, and Chairman Morrow of Madison, Fla., is making arrangements for the troupe ' to ex hibit there on .May 3rd. Chairman Morrow reports more than fifty per cent of Madison county's quota pledged and declares that they expect to fin ish the job in a few . days. Good re ports are expected today from Cal houn and Liberty counties. 'Jackson county expects to have a big celebration today with army tank, naval air station show, parade, speak ers and other features. J ;,. " 1 Privte J. :P. McKlnnon of San Fran sicco, : and . Private L. . D. Higgins of Stevens Point. Miss, 'are at the San Carlos awaiting the arrival of the sec ond army tank which is expected In a few days. The tank has already left Atlantaiand is en route to tho city, j DISPUTE State Hospital For IncanW ?t Seriously Inadequate Asv to fire Prbtcction andl Houcinc: Facilities. BOARD OF HEALTH FIUCTION JLAIJENTEiy - ' .. v " ... T ' ' VaBmg - ' - . ' ; v ' 1. - .. - v . Coys' Refcrmatory . Inade I quate Rcccmmcndation ! Made T!:t Parents , Co Rcc?cni!::S For Acts bf, Boys Uncler lO. ; ' . 7 ' (By HERCSRT FSLKEL.) ' j ' Tallahassee. April 28. The report of the special committee appointed at the extraordinary session to visit and in vestigate the needs , and condition of the state infiVitUUons and make, raw commendations to this legislature was presented today; It waa signed by John W. Watson, chairman,' E. p. Wil son and W. .W. Phillips, and covers investigations of all institutions ox- cept the state prison farm at' Ralford and tho . girls' industrial school t Oeala, , v , t , Brtefly the . report on tho different institutiona roUows: .- '. r i ,tate Hetrrtai for Insane. TheT report glvea.it as tte cofnmit- v44fiopmlonVthAt-'ttb".mstitution is not Whatft -should be, but states that. Lority 4ro rptssibiy "dolnsp the best they cant . with tha present ; buildings anaequtpment-We believe that it Is impossible." It recites,' no" make a modern institution with ,. these old buildings," some wood, sonic brick, built , evidently without, regard to architecture or to comfort and very, little fire protection. The .fact ia that! the state has long outgrown this badly) crowded . institution and the sanitary conditions are not what they should I be. According to the statement of the physician accompanying us. the insti tution is badly overcrowded, having about 1,600 patients, 60 per cent white1 and 40 per cent colored." "Under the management of W. Ww Trammell, who resigned about fifteen months ago, we find that they used aJ part of the colored male building to! take care of about sixty white patients; me section, nowever, was separate from the colored patients. At the white female department at the same time. they were using the day, or sit ting room, for sleeping rooms. In the colored female department beds hadi to be placed In the halls. The condi tions are about as bad now. The original buildings - at " this institution. were constructed for military purposes' and all buildings erected since simply had to be located as best they coukt with reference to other buildings. The! entire institution seems to have no1 definite plan for Its future growth ndi without any uniformity as to the dif-j ferent departments. The recreation.) grusndo are altogether too smalL There have been admitted to this Institution many old and enfeebled persons, most of whom were suffering from some chronic or incurable dis-i ease at . the time of admission. It imi ' the opinion of your committee that! this class of patients should' be kepc at home and treated, and not to bet sent to the hospital for the. Insane, 1 and we believe many of them are sent there simply to get them out of the way at home." Among other features of tho report are: Deaths in 1915, three hundred: in 1916, two hundred and twenty-nine; , Tubercular ward for whites new, first class and modern, 25 patients. . No tubercular ward for negro patients. Veranda of colored ward used when weather permits. When weather will not permit, colored tubercular patients -are kept in colored hospital with other sick patients not suffering from tuber- j culosis. We noticed," saya the re- port, "in this hospital an old water i cooler and cup from which all of them apparently drank water. Dining room, and kitchen in good condition and;, facilities ample. Food substantial. IceJ; plantout of date, worn out and inad-i equate. " '!-, Electric light plant not half neoesi sary capacity; amusement hall badly AAPiBfMiffrswt a4r sf ' 1a a it. J rwwa nvvwf mu so os 1 1 va vivov wUflBlsiC Xo fire escape on outside. "The steps i, going up in this building are altogether j inadequate, being , too. narrow and I all, and in our opinion should a 1 fire start in the night time many in-! mates would be burned up before they could possibly get out. i ; No fire escapes in receiveing ward. No ward for nurses. Nurses use rooms intended for and needed for patient. (Continued on Page ThreeJ' t. 4