POfl PLCHICACNowere north, fair
eentrat and aeuttt pertiena Wednesday.
Thuraday showers except fair in aouth
Portion, moderate southeast and south
winda except eat ever outh portion.
The Pensacola Journal
Pensacola's Only Sunday
VOL. 3QQI. NO. 119.
PENSACOLA, FLORIDA WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL 30, 1919.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
I VI II I A I II I ; II I A II II VI I . , I . II II I I II I : I I I II I I I I I III
Premier, Upon His Return to
Rcnis, Urges Ho People to
Preserve Greatest Calm
American Representative In
Rome Does Not Believe it
is Intention of Orando to
Return to Paris.
.fRome, April 29. Admitting that the
World situation at present is crave.
and for Italy very crave, and it was
Italy's duty "to preserve the greatest
caln and serenity". Premier Orlando,
today delivered his expected address to
the chamber of deputies concerning the
Premier Orlando said Italy believed
; her cairns founded on such high rea-
sons of Justice and xlgnt that any in
. teranatioal treaty or agreement should
be set aside so they might be accept
ed. lie admitted receiving on April
. 14 the American memorandum dealing
with the Adriatic question, adding that
until then he had always been assured
the American delegation had not
reached any definite conclusion regard.
ing Italy." ' a
Deputy Turatl, official leader of the
socialist party, declared the socialists
would not only be defenders of the
sacred -, right of self determination in
case of -Flume but also of the equally
acred right of revolutionary. Russia.
Paris, April 29. Ambassador Page,
telegraphed from Rome today that he
had gathered from Premier Orlando In
- a long conference Monday that the
premier did not Intend to return to
, Paris for . signing the peace treaty.
The premier , expressed regret that the
time was so ' short before the arrival
of the Germans.
Premier Orlando, Ambassador Page's
telegram added, felt fcis action either
r would jryv r-rc- - t icr- - r
iwuk.. . - J
k without luiy titlix ta wl Li
Itr'y, beituia the present state: of
pu.,:i3 fecUns in Italy would not justify
signing the treaty which did not in
clude the Italian aspirations.
The British prime minister has again
Intervened In the Italian situation by
sending one of his trussed associates
to communicate personally with JfcTe-
mier Orlando at Rome.
Versailles, April 29. The main Ger
man peace delegation arrived at the
Vaunlereeaon station at 9:30 this eve
ning and came to Versailles by auto
mobile. - ''
Ixindon, April 29. The Evening
Standard claims It has the highest au
thorlty for asserting William Hohen
xollern be prosecuted ' and tried : not
as originator of the war but as one
of the instigators of the Crimea as pro
vided in report commission - on war
- Bolshevik! forces attacked allied
troops on Murmansk railway at Kurg-
omin Monday, but were easily repulsed
says statement today from British war
office, enemy left number prisoners
NEV LAW BILL
BY HEH5SRT FELKEL)
n Tallahassee, Ha, April 29. Tomor
row Senator Stokea of Pensacola. will
introduce a bill that wil linterest the
legal profession of the nation and wil
attract the attention of the business
world generally. It provides for i; the
rendering by any court in this state
having equity Jurisdiction of declara
tory decrees." 'Aj-,y.;i,.-.
under a deed, will or -contract-In writ
ing may apply by bill In chancery for
a declaration of the rights of the per
son or corporation interested, and such
interpretation shall have the force of
a final decree in chancery. ?
Laws similar to Stoke's bill have
existed in England since 18S3 and are
to be found in India, Scotland, Ger
many. France and Spain. There was
something of the kind ' in the ancient
eivil law. but no state in the union has
such a law.
TO BE LAUNCHED
NEW YORK TODAY
New York. April 29. Although Ten
nessee is a dry state and her governor. I
xx. nopera, sen an omcial protest
to the navy department against such
procedure the super-dreadnaught Ten
nessee will have a "wet" christening
when It is launched tomorrow at the
Brooklyn navy yard. Moreover, the
governor's sixteen-year-old ; daughter,
Helen Leonora Roberts, will break the
bottle of champagne over the prow of
the vessel which is so heavy and of
such tremendous size there la only one
tide monthly sufficient to put her
overboard. She displaces 32,009 tons.
Wife of Former Georgia
Congressman and Her
xiaid Are tfaoiy injured
When Package Was
Package Bore Return Ad
dress "Gimble Brothers, 32
Broadway. New, York"
and Was Marked Sample.
Atlanta. April 29. Mrs. Maude P,
Hardwick, wife of former - United
v V ... , .
States Senator Hardwick, was ' pain
fully Injured and her negro maid lost
both hands In the explosion here today
of an Infernal machine sent - through
the malls .to the former senator's
home here. ' ' . ' . 4 '-Vr
Senator Hardwick was at his .. law
office at the time. The package bora
a New York postmark, and was ad
dressed by typewriter to Hardwick at
his former home in Sandersville and
forwarded here. The wrapper bore the
words. "Oimbet Brothers, S3 Broadway,
New York. and was marked "sample."
Mrs. Hardwick - decided it was a
sample package of pencils and told the
maid to open it. What the police be
lieve was nitric acid was exploded by
contact with some other acid as the
maid unwrapped the parcel. A number
of metal slugs in the package added
to the effect, of the explosion, which
literally blew the maid's hands oft.
Mrs. Hardwick was burned about the
face and upper part of the body, cut
severely across the upper Up and some
teeth were loosened.;
The former senator, local police and
federal officials expressed the belief
that the explosion was the work of
anarchists " operating in New York.
Hardwick could assign no particular
cause for aa attempt on his life.
Frci All Over
Paris, Aril 29. It baa bepen virtually
decided that the first meeting of the
League ' of Nations shall be held in
Washington next .October.
Washington. April 29. postmaster-
General' Burelson ordered -the return
of cable systems to owners midnight
May 2. .
.W.hln.mi Anrfl S9. That the
vt.tAr t t. in lanlne aDneared . to
be Indicated by comparison witto the
progress of the fourth liberty . Loan
drive, in which subacripUons amounted
41.323.00O.we t wnen ine, iB
reached the same stage. ;
Ar41 Victor lAan SUb-
aeriptlona in the Atlanta district total
approximately 175,000,000, according to I
the estimates . tonight ' by campaign i
ofnclals based on a canvass of district
banka today. -
w..t.iri Anrfi - 29. Brinxuer
29. Brigadier- I
General Hlohardaon. commander of the
American f orcea in norinern nussia, i
reported to the war department toaay I
that ha had visited all detachments in
Archansrel -and . found the' health ana 1
snirlt of . the men good. There waa no I
apprehension at headquarters,-he said,
respecting the morale 01 American 1
Washington. Auril 2.-rSoda water, I
ice cream, sundaes, root beer, and all I
other : soda fountain; drinks become I
taxable Thursday under the . revenue
act. Five and ten cent drinks and I
dlahes wiU be taxed one cent; fifteen
and twenty-cent annus, iwu vcum, uu.
to be collected from purchaser, unless
soda fountain keeper' chosses to re
duce prices to Include extra tax item.
Chattanooga, - Tenn April 29. The
Chattanooga city commission has de
cided to ask for an injunction re- 1
atralninsr' the telephone company from
raising the rates in accoraanee wren 1
iMtmMKOeneral Burleson a -' or
ders issued Sunday last.
LODGE OF COURSE
SHOULD GET FIUME
Washington. April 29. The demands I
or Italy tor Flume, the denial of which I
led to the withdrawal of the Italian I
plenipotentiaries from the peace con- I
ference were upheld tonight by Sena-I
tor XXKlg of Massachusetts, republican I
floor leader, in a telegram sent to the I
ataoan aocieues or Boston. Lodge de- I
ciarea tne demands rest on the grounds I
or her national safety and protection.
were purely commercial and economic I
purely commercial and economic.
H could not see how Italy's request
could be" properly refused.
This is the Hotel des Reservoirs, as- signed to house tie German' delegates
the allied congress In Paris. The fences which; have been erected to restrict
the curious out. may be seen In the .picture. Allied patrols will see that
Railroad Commission Indi
cates Determniatioir to
Urge Opposition to In
creas In Rates..
A great deal of public, interest Is
being manifested in the pending re
quest of the Southern Bell Telephone
and Telegraph Company Upon the city
council for authority to Increase rates.
This Interest is increased bv recom
mendations recently, made by. Post
master General Burleson that all wire
lines be returned to their owners at
the earliest possible ; time, - midnight
of May 2. being the, date designated by
Jtff XT stjfTcontrOl
rom tie government back , to private
ownership will have on the status of
the request of the "companies to raise
rates, remain to be seen.
5 That whether under government or
private control it is the Intention of
the Florida state railroad commiccion
to continue to fight the request for
an increase in rates is indicated by
the following telegram received from
that body ; yesterday: .
Tallahassee, FUu. April 29, 1919.
The Pensacola Journal, -
We notice by, today's Journal the
Southern Bell Telephone Company has
requested' authority of the city com
missioners to increase rates which
bn granted by the railroad com
mission. The railroad commissioners
hYe not granted increased , rates to
this company, and on the contrary are
7. . . .
join '. the proposed ; increased' rates
which - the telephone , company and
1 IwauiuiBier-Iwwuu bcck. iu. uuuie
V The request made . upon the city
commissioners at tnetr regular meet-
ling 'Monday afternoon was referred to
I the city attorney, who will keep the
commissioners advised as to course of
nntceeaiire necessary an me matter
proceedure necessary ,Jn the matter
land it is apparent thatrthe proposed f
increase oi approximate ty 2 v per cenv
wtu be oppoaea unless it can De snown
to the satisfaction of he' railroad
commission ana tne . city omciais mat
tne increase asKea ior is necessary tei
(afford Just, compensation ' for' the
operation 01 inese puvttc uuuuea.
In some communities in some states
authority for increase in ' rates ' has
been given, though it is not believed
that conditions in . Florida ' warrant
the Increase asked for.
f j " ' -V '
SHIPS FGIfc THE
GULF COAST TRIZ rJ
, Washington. Apr. 29.-Senator Tram-
Imel of Florida was advised by official
or the shipping board today "that1.
meeting yesterday of the board looked
with favor upon assigning a number
of the government ships for use In car
rying on trade between the southern
ports and South and Central America.
Senators Trammel. Simmons f of
North Carolina, and Smith of South
Carolina, held an all-day conference
with the shipping board officials last
Thursday and . urged that 14 ships be
located for stablishing freight V- and
passnger lines between the Florida.
Alabama, Georgia and North and South
Carolina porta, and Central and South
The shipping board Is exbected tn
make an announcement of v its plans In
a few days:
' ?ick-amed "Baby
xjoii . ana saia to nave seen service
.. . T ...
yesterday morning. It Is to be used
in the Victory Ioan campaign
B : inCREiSED
Civilian .Employees .Have
Subscribed That Amount
Well in Zone.
The local Liberty t Loan committee
is much encouraged with the way
subscriptions are coming in, but Chair
man Muldon points out that "we are
now In the second week of the cam
paign and there is . much to be done
between today; and May 10." Some of
the foreign corporations - have . como
across with' sutartatial subscriptions.
but Some oOiera lr.va pot reponded to
queta. Z Tbe avyard elVQlan-bVirl
raised 940,000 so : far.
; Another army tank arrived yester
day and . Will j be In Muscogee ; today.
Capt. J. II rPbillips will be the speaker,
assisted-' by the men in the tank, who
will tell of their . war experiences. It
is hoped; that the tank will reutrn
here Jater in the ' week and give an
exhibition at the ship yard.
, R. Mitchell, chairman of the
West , Florida zone, has the following
report to make: -.' i .
"OneAof the greatest ' fights of the
war Is I a between Walton, Holmes and
Jeffersf )t counties, as to which will be
first tr - 'over the top in the West
Florid fione. May the bestman, (and
don't I We out the woman) win first.
I say J rst because they will all - win
before; week is out, but the ques
tion ir which of these three T coun ties
will h thelnrst to report? t ; .
Mm Mitchell explained that Jackson.
GadsOn, ,Ion and Madison counties
ai.aiaglng a close contest. "Live
wires are on, the job In each county,1
he said, - "and it looks like a toss-up
between "the four. One of the chair
men reported' that his county is going
to lead all othw in the eastern part
of the zone,' i but Zone Chairman
Mitchell has not sent out the challenge.
not .desiring to create hard feeling
a. u.xcaniDDeu. at wasnmsron. ana
H.; Hawell, of ay, did the Santa
.'iumi - watiiia. aniu iui , erery
body together and practically - going
over thetop intone day. ... .
are f making; urgent t requests for the
Tkrmy tank,and -It Delieved - that their
application will, be complied with; -The
te' Vlherf with'.' an accident at Panama
uiiy, Munuar. ,fx ne umsen parts were
forwardetby express from . Atlanta to
CnairinanTrUddon at Marianna. where
it is reported 10,000 people were gath
ered to see - It - at ; noon yesterday. It
Is expeeted." that' Jackson's quota will
have'been -'raised. On ; account' of the
Occident at Panama City it is regretted
at sortie headquarters, that the schedule
at Cc' on dale could not be carried out.
I" Th- Treat advantage of the fair and
squt' A system . has 5 certainly - been
deer.' itrated In the present loan capt
papV as the counties using this sys
tem ; have - been the first to secure
their quotas. Several counties did not
Understand at first that the quota
committee of any county had author
ity to adjust or - change quotas, but
this information . soon became known.
MAY SELL SUGAR
AT ANY PRICE
Chicago, April 29. The ruling of the
federal trade commission.: last June
that Sears-Robuck & Co. must not
sell sugar at less than cost was modi.
fled by the United States court of ap
peals here today. : The court suataind
the commission's contention that Sears
Roebuck & Co. must. not. Injure com.
petltors by advertising that the cbear-
ness of the . sugar was due to the 1
huge buying power of the house, but!
held that the mall order house could '
t any pnee w cnooaea-
sent to receive the peace treaty from
their liberty and Incidentally to keep
no one passes these bounds.
1 15 MVilliii
Availing Offer of Federal
Aid in Maintenance of,
A movement is being urged looking
to the cration of a special road district
for the i m ri ro vm ent nnA malntanana
of the Pensacola-Flomaton road, the
district to embrace the towns of At-
more. Century. Flomaton, Bluff
Springs, Molina. Pine Barren, Musco-
along the route. ; ,
The object of. the ; monemevt Just
now is unwUte -vailabir jooney lliig
V"CTO lu"ua " v- needed ln the health work, and he re-
ernment, known as the federal aid road caHed one session when the legisla
fund, that may be obtained on any itUre . transferred $160,000 ... from the
interstate road project of merit pro- ioard of health to the pension fund,
vided the people directly benefited will The ne-fourth mill tax provided for
show the proper spirit and interest in I tn the bill that passed the senate to
roads. For every dollar 'raised for wm ra9, nhmm iso 000 a year for
such projects an equal mount is avail
able from the federal aid fund.
County Commissioner Gus Soderlind
has figured that to put the Flomaton
road in first class permanent condi
tion would cost approximately $800,
000 and he suggests that if the people
using this muchly traveled ' thorough
fare will, by the creation of a special
road district, raise $400,000 by bond is
sue Senator- Jno. P. Stokes will see to
it that ' the federal aid will supply the
'A bond election will be called by
the county commissioners,"" "states Mr.
Soderlind upon receipt . of petitions
bearing the signatures of 25 per cent
of the free' holders in the area affect
ed. These petitioners must be own
ers of tax free land in their own name
in each case and ohterwise qualified
as "free holders.
The bonds of 20 -year denomina
tions could be retired at the rate of
$20,000 per annum with an additional
tax expense of only two mills per an
num," states Mr. Soderlind. $20,000 in
funds that will be . vailable from the
auto - tax allotment would - be appro
priated by the commissioners to this
project, according to Mr. Soderlind.
.."At - the present time; the mainten
ance of tbe road costs the tax payers
of the county never less than $10,000
a year," says Mr. Soderlind, who. after
having gone thoroughly Into the con
templated project, asserts - that- it of
fers one of the .best Improvement op
portunities to the communities through
which the road passes that they could
ever hope to avail at so small an out
lay. As ; an asset to the county it
would mean greater development, more
new . homes and improved farms. It
would enhance property .values In the
same proportion that similar develop
ment projects do throughout the coun
ty and would mean a saving in . wear
and' tear of vehicles that would equal
or perhaps overbalance the amount of
special taxes paid, less the amount
now being expended on maintenance.
In compiling his figures on the pro
ject Mr. Soderlind has . worked on a
basis of an 18-foot road. There Is
perhaps not a more important 43 miles
of road in any part of the state than
this one and Mr. Soderlind and others
who have familiarized themselves with
the project are positively 5 convinced
that by all means the opportunity of
fered for making this road one of the
best and most permanent through fed
eral aid . should be availed at the ear
liest possible time. . '. , .- 'u : r
The commissioner elicits expresisons
from free holders In the. communities
that would be affected -with reference
to the proposition and will furnish any
information at hand ; or - lend any aid
possible in getting the movement un
der way by the circulation of petitions
among the free holders asking the
board of county commissioners to call
bond election on the project
Abolishes Office Assostant
State Board of Health and
BILL IS KILLED
Bill Availing Federal Aid
Road Fund Offer is Passed
By Senate With Only Two
(BY HERBERT FELKEL)
Tallahassee, Fla., April 29. The
senate today passed the house bill
abolishing the office of assistant state
Passed the senate bill to reduce the
state tax for the maintenance of the
board of health from one half a mill
to one-fourth of a milL
Passed the house ill No. 62, by
house measure permitting the board
of health to hold its annual meeting
for making rules and regulations on
any day, repealing the provision that
this meeting must be held on the first
Monday in May. .
Passed the house "Dill numbe 62 by
Representative Hamblin, amending the
law prohibiting surface closets.
Passed" the measure by Senator
Moore prohibiting the disposal of per
sonal property under Hen.
Passed house bill No. Ill amendnlg
the law relating to surety companies,
their supervision and authority to
transact business, and passed the Ep
person house bill requiring insurance
companies to procure licenses for their
, o rand in thin t9tA rerula.tine the Is
... . . .
suing and cancelling of same and pro
The president, of the senate signed
nineteen bills that had originated in
that body and passed both houses. J
In support of his successful measure
to rduce the mlllage for the mainten
J ance of the state board of health. Sena
, tor Johnson said that under the pres
t ta, hundreds of thousands of dol
f jafsere cctrmmat that' were nor
the board of health, he said.
Charities Board Fails.
Senator Carlton's bill for the, estab
lishment of a board of charities to have
charge of all state- correctional insti
tutions, serving without pay and func
tioning similarly to the board of con
trol, was defeated today by one vote,
the senate voting 13 to 14 on the final
passage of the measure. The bill pro
vided for the placing of industrial
schools for boys and girls at Marianna
and Ocala respectively, the school for
the insane at Chattahoochee and the
state prison at Ralford, under a board
to serve without slary but empowered
to "employ a secretary. It carried an
appropriation of $5,000. The bill also
contemplated a visiting board, at least
jone member of which should be a
woman. . 1
Senator Carlton said the bill, which
would take the direct management of
the institutions out of the hands of the
board of state Institutions, was not
presented as a reprimand of the board
now responsible for their conduct,-but
to give the inmates of the institutions
the rights they were entitled to. He
said ' Florida was responsible to the
boys and girls of the delinquent classes
who had been taken away from their
hnmM and imprisoned and that the
legislature must look further than the
State Highway Bill.
After a most interesting discussion
in which Senator Igou led a fight for
the two-mill tax for a state system of
highways the bill imposing such a tax
to meet thre million dollars of federal
aid moneys, all of which is to be spent
under direction of the state road de
partment, passed the senate today with
but two votes against it. Senators Cash
and Bradshaw voting "No."
The bill provides that the state of
Florida shall match the dollars offer
ed by the government for systematic
road construction in this state. It Is
proposed to connect every county seat
with all the others by a hard surfaced
permanent road. The measure pro
vides that each member of the state
road department shall be placed under
a Vond of $10,000 for the faithful per
formance of his duties in the expendi
ture of these funds. . Any money left
over from proceeds of this taxation
will be spent on the roads of the state
under the direction of the state high
way commissioner. The bill was . or
dered certified to tbe house Imme
diately, where It Is expected to pass.
KILLED IN BLAST
. Birmingham. April 29. Two white
men and fifteen ? negro miners were
killed and seven others seriously in
jured today by a blast in the majestic
mines. 22 miles north of here. The
severely injured are white mine offi
End Came Last Night At
Pensacola Hospital Fol
lowing Illness of Four;
HE DID WORK WELL' I
AS NEWSPAPER MAN
Body Will Be Shipped Todayj
At iNoon to -tsndgeportv
Conn. For Funeral and In-,
Harry R. Cook, publisher of the Joiim
nal. died at 10:10 o'clock last nhrht.t
at the Pensacola Hospital, following
an illness of four months. Mr. Cook:
had been in failing health for soma
time, having gone t to Chicago early
in January, where he was i. ider thai
care of specialists; Later he went ten
French Lick Springs for recuperation
and a much needed rest, returning to
Pensacola early in March.
On his return to the city he seemed
much improved in health, but a heavy
cold developed into , pneumonia. An
operation proving necessary, he was
operated upon at the Pensacola Hos
pital. The operation at first seemed '
most successful, but later complica
tions set in, and death came s.s a
release from much suffering, after
many weeks of critical illness.
As publisher of The Journal. Mr.
Cook has been not only successful
from the standpoint of the newspaper,
but few outside The Journal oin.ee
realize how much he waa permltte-i
to do for the government, during the
world war, and with what unfailing
courage and zeal he carried burdens .
imposed by - .war conditions. "While
newspapers were going down all over
the country like card houses, and men
were being called to the colors, Mr.
Cook did literally the work of three
men. and did that work well. His life
was given as truly for his country aa
laougu lie imu uicu vi,
JMUUCdk . .v.
generous in his ettimate of others,
quick to resent a wrong and ever ready
to forgive andTOlkrwetlof others, -he
was the type of bu lness man who '
can ill be lost t- any community.
Suiwiving members of the family are
Mr.. Cook's step-mother, in . Bridgeport,
Conn.; a brother, Frank S. Cook, ad
vertising manager of the Norfolk Ledger-Dispatch;
a sister, Mrs. M. N. Col
lins, with whom he made his homo
in Pensacola; a niece, Mrs. Joseph R.
Johnston, and nephew, 12dward Collins,
of Pensacola. '
The body will be shipped at noon
today to' Bridgeport, Conn-, accompa
nied bv his brother, Mr. Frank S.
Cook, and sister, Mrs. M. N. Collins. .
for funeral and Inter menu .
. - ' " . I
BY HERBERT FELKEL, '
Tallahassee, Fla.. April 29. Dixia MJ
Holllns, county superintendent of Pln-1
euas county, returned to Tallahassee
in the interest of two local bills and to
vork for the passage of several edu
cational bills advocated by the school
popie of the state. Speaking of the
various measures Mr. Holllns sald:i
'There Is more real constructive sol tool
legislation in this session than In any
I have ever known. There Is the free
text book bill to provide every boy and;
girl with adequate books, there is the;
Mother's pension bill that will enable,
the widow to send her children tor
school, then there Is the compulsory!
school attendance bill to see that they
all go to school, there is the bill to-'
give them the physical training so
much needed by all, and the medical
inspection bill to safe guard -their'
health after they get to school, but
howabout the one great essential and
prerequisite for every school the train- '
ed teacher. Without teachers all these
other measures must fall far short of
their great aims. For after all the -teacher
la the school and without train
ed teachers there can be no schools
regardless of the building and equip
ment and attendance and physical lit-'
ness of the children.
"How about a little help along the
line of supplying teachers? The state
needs annually 1.000 teachers. The .
two state schools are producing about
fifty annually. '. . - - '
"How about a little money for state
normal schools for the exclusive pur
pose of training teachers. Florida is
the only southern state, that does not
provide normal schools for the train
ing of its teachers. Why not Florida?
TEN ARE KILLED ;
WHEN KEROSENE i
POURED ON FIRE,
Chelsea, Okla, April 29. Ten persons
were burned to death and one prob- -ably
.fatally injured as a result of
an explosion following an attempt by
Thomas Ballard to kindle the homo '
fire; with kerosene. Ballard, his wife,;
six children of his and one of another
family and two other persona vara,
: i ,. ' - ; 1
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