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SEVEN E GENERAL BILL PASS -SERAT MOST OF NUMBER ARE CHANGES EXISTING LAWS WHICH IN HAVE BEEN ADOPTED ON THEIR WAY. AND 133, By HERBERT FELKEL) Tallahassee, Slay 2. Seven general r,i,' not elsewhere reported in this correspondence, passed the senate vpoterdaj' and were sent houseward. They were senate bills Nos. 72, 171, 19, Is- ana ox. The first mentioned, of -which. Sena tor Oliver tne aumor, cnangres tne present law in regard to securities banks must make in order, to be designated depositories ' for county funds and permits Liberty bonds to be placed as cdllateraL The measure baa ihe endorsement of the school asso ciations of the state, the bankers and the state comptroller. No. 171 provides for -the "compilation, distribution and sale of a digest of the Florida supreme court reports and makes appropriation therefor; bat the author, Senator Mac Williams, stated that it was expected that the sale of the books would more than equal the appropriation asked. The next one amends section 1937 of the general Statutes Of Florida re lating to the attachment or garnish ment of amounts due public officers in suits for alimony and divorce. The present law says all of a public offi cial's earnings may be taken by the THE PSNSACOLA JOURNAL. SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 3, 1919. divorced wife, and this bill will simpTy amen 4 that to read "so much thereof as the court deems proper." Xo. 139. by Senator "Crosby, requires the driller of any well within a munic ipaiity to send samples of. the strata drilled through to the state geolosist, who will report on them to the board of health," The bill is a sanitary meas ure. Penalties for its violation are provided, and complete re or d 3 are re quired to be kept of all wells drilled within cities."-.-;. . No. 133. by Senator Johnson, pro vides for the state comptroller and the attorney, to compile and publish in pamphlet form all the laws relating to the duties of county officers with reference to the collection and as sessment of taxes, the sale of property for non-payment of taxes and the is suance, of tax sale certificates and tax deeds. These must be distributed, un der the act., to the county officers of Florida. SCo appropriation is carried in the biH. ' The sixth bill passed is by the same author and makes the state comptroller a party to all suits brought to cancel or test the validity of any tax certifl sate held by the state. The last, by Senators Hughlett and Malone, and endorsed by the . Miami bar, provides a method of obtain in 5 final discharge and settlement .by ex ecutors and administrators,' and for the giving of notice thereof. ROW. RELATED WEIGHT LIMIT ON PARCEL POST TO GAUTEMALrA RAISED Effective May .1.- the increase m parcel post weights allowance for parcels to Guatemala became operative. By the new ordfr the weight limit is raised from 11 to 23 pounds. , The rate, remains ; the same. 12 cents per pound or fraction thereof. This information win be , of interest to many local patrons, as numer ous packages are dispatches through th Pensacola office to Guatemala. - ' (By HARRY B. HUNT) A new war is on in -Washington. Those forcing the fighting dectare it is (iiuuitr war against autocracy, tyranny . and oppression. They assert that there has been set up here ta the nation's capital a despotism as absolute as that obtained in medieval Kurope, ruling under a rigid and arbi trary authority some half million subor dinates,, and influencing by direct con tact the affairs of every home and every business in America. The alleged despot, whose overthrow it Is claimed is necessary not merely for the freedom of those directly under his rule but for the welfare, of the whole United States, is Albert Sidney Burleson, postmaster general in President Wilson's cabinet.?. ' '-w - Under enlarged powers granted durin. the- war period , Burleson has under his control the entire machinery of "the com munication within (he United States ana from this country to foreign lands. For In addition to the postal service which he- has ruled rince March 4. 1913, he Is still in supreme authority over ell Amer ican telephone, telegraph and cable sys tems. .. .,..-;:..-.. Under Burleson's regime, his opponents maintain, all three of the: services ha.-e deteriorated.- rates have been increase and conditions of employment under mined. , , ; '" t . ; i. "Economies Sap Morale of Service.- In the mail service, ft is chsrged. grinding economies have been practiced, in an. effort to show a financial sur plus, which have overburdened clerks and carriers, sapped the service of -Us spirit and enthusiasm, slowed down tti . handling, transportation and delivery of mail, and increased errors. Telephone rates have been . increases in many stats and cities, and rate in creases are pending in many other local ities. The same is true of telegraph charg-ss. aitnough Burleson told a committee congress shortly before the lines were taken over for government operation tbat he was convinced the government could, operate these lines both more efficiently and economically than' the private com panies owning them. . Numerous strikes and labor troubles have marked the few months of Burleson control of the tele phone and telegraph lines. It might reasonably be presumed that such an attack against a cabinet mem ber, coming In the year preceding a pres idential campaign, would be political in nature and would be directed by the party out of power by the republicans, in this instance. But such is not the case. The chief organ "of the opposition is the New York Wcrld. recognized in the t as a democratic organ and credited with being in most respects the "official" mouthpiece of the administration. ..''.. There is a; political slant to the fight, however, for the World, as a democratic pape-. declares that Burleson is the pa ty'g Jonah, and that unless he is thrown overboard and out ; of the cabinet the d mocratic ship wilkgo down in the storm of his brewing. Democrats Foremost In the Fight. Democrats, not republicans, are fore most In the fight against him. frankly acknowledging their belief that he Is the biggest handicap their party win nave to ovrr-te in 1920 and that only by eliminating him from the administration can the p-irty hop for success next yeir. This war on Burleson is not a one-sidd conflict, however. Meeting charge with counter-charge. Burleson declares the fiht against him i due directly to the hosti'ity of "selfish interests" he has antagonized. - l r" old express companies are hostile to him. he says, because he put the par- el po5t system into active competltian with them, whereas previous, parel post r-ations had driven to express coro ri s the profitable business. ' leavimr t'e' rovernment to handle unprofitab' T-rtter. . Ka5'ro?d interests are hostile to him .v-jriij-on says, because he put through a plan ' to pay for transportation of mail on a basis of space actually used. Instead or on a basis of approximate weights formerly followed, thereby greatly reduc ing government mail payments to the roads. V-.' Kerusal : to renew contracts, incolving millions, for use of pneumatic tubes, for handling mail to eertaia large cities, w hich Burleson says were expensive and inefficient, arrayed against him influ ential persons Interested in -those companies."-1 -i Chief Accustatlon Is Against Publisher But the real big gun in Burleson's-offensive battery is the lpbarg' that the opposition to him is officered and directed by members of the National Publishers' Association, and is based on his refusal to assist publishers In rthelr flgnt against an Increased rate for second -p'afp mail matter, passed by congress two years ago. -v: . . ' " JT5 "The repeal of this law Is what is real ly desired by those now attacking' me," Hurleson says. "In fact, notice was given me more than a year ago, as to what cult be expected." There is no hope on . the part of those attacking Eurleson that he will . resign. He would rather lose, fighting, than sur render. So the warfare undoubtedly wUI continue, without even an armistice, until President Wilson returns. .His settle ment, of this domestic issue," Washington believes, may have" a more potent effect, on the democratic party's welfare- in IVZO than the league of nations or the ad juEtment of peace in Europe. . '; If he asks for Burleson's resignation, he virtually acknowledges the charges ot inefficiency - and . , mismanagement laid See Watson, Parker & Reese Co, Window Italian Panama Hats Good Blue Cheviot Work Shirts at . j against a great department of his admini j istration. If he, keeps Burleson in charge, he makes certain for the democratic party ; in 1920 the opposition of the organized j postal clerks. ; letter carriers and rati- wj,y mail men, as well as the outside in Iter.'Ets hostile to Burleson. j Iot one influential voice, -'even" within I his own party, has been raised in de Jfenre of Burlfson.. Those fighting h'.ia I declare this proves his fellow-democrats rccoginse that he hampers his party's chances in 1S20, and that those not tc- Itively fighting ' him are sitting by and praying for his overthrow. esfdent May Heed Col. House's Advice l--ut President Wilson alone except terbaps for'' the advice of Colonel E. M., frmS mrm mrm r A If Iff- . Vs. lilUlii 1 1 ft r ' J4 ii f i 1 tSf7sf: MRSS ' i:rYif'd I m i l--".i-vl vs. v.,.-v, winze: Emy Picture wisaztory nHIS time of the year there are many A odd jobs about the home that every well man likes to do. But no man or woman with a "bad back7' enjoys doing anything. There's surely something wrong when every day brings morning, lameness sharp pains when lifting, and a dull tired state. Likely it s kidney weakness. Don't neglect it! It's easily corrected at first, but delay may cause gravel, dropsy or dangerous Blight's disease. If your ! ack aches and kidneys are disordered, get Doans Kidney Pills. This successful remedy is recommended so strongly by people you know, you can use it with real confidence. 9 i t - i , .... . . Cffl s ss East Zarragossa Street Mrs. John Klumker. 517 E- Zarragossa St., says: "I have had attacks of kidney trouble for the past ten years. When I caught the . least cold it always settled in my back and caused me a lot of annoyance. During these attacks my kidneys acted irregularly, too. Knowing Doan Kidney Pills were good for such troubles 1 began using them. They cured me promptly and I haven't had any trouble for a long time." (Statement given March 5. l&ll). ,-- '. " On June 5, 1315, Mrs. Klumker said: "I feel fine now and have been in good condition ever since Dean's Kid ney pills cured me, Doan's certainly are a fine kidney ar.d bladded medicine and I recommend them highly." East Reus Street V. H. Connors. Jr., 22 Reus St., gave the following statement March 24, IS 14: T have taken Doan's Kidney Pills Off and on for the past fourteen years. Being ex posed to all kinds of weather and taking cold weakened my kidneys and brought on attacks of kidney trcuble. The complaint affected my back and mornings getting up I felf all worn out and found it difficult, to stoop or move in any way. Doan's Kidney Pills have always brought me quick relief at such times.' On June 5. 131S. Ifr. Connors said: "I am always ready to recommend Doan's Kidney Pills, after what they did for me. I haven't had any trouble with my back or kidneys in a long time. All I said in my former state ment hoids good." East Hayne Street John Gerkens. 800 E Hayne St., says: 'I suffered from weak kidneys and a painful back, which was caused from a cold settling on my kidneys. ! For a long time the pains across my back were severe and troublesome. Fi nally friends recommended Doan's Kidney Pills to me and I began using them. Before finishing the first box I was cured and the cure has remained lasting for over a year." (Statement given March 24, 1914). On June , 1918, Mr. Gerkens said: "Time will never change my high opinion of Doan's Kidney Pills. I am as firm a believer in this medicine now as when I rec ommended them in 1914. Doan's cured me and the cure has been lasting." West Intendencia Street Mrs. John Campbell, 302 W. Intendencia St., says:. "I suffered a great deal with backache. When I stooped my back gave out on me and often I coud hardly do my housework. When I sat down for awhile I . got stiff across my back and had to have assistance to get up again. I began using Doan's Kidney Pills and six boxes . brought me permanent relief, strengthening my back and kidneys. (Statement given March 26. 1914). On June 5, 118, Mrs. Campbell said: "Doan's Kid ney Pills cored me of a weak, aching back and kidney trouble an dthe cure -has lasted. I am always glad- to endorse this fine kidney remedy." East Gadsden Street Mrs. M. A. Stephen. 310 E. Gadsden St.. says: "I suf fered teribly with kidney trouble. I had awful pains in my back and my backs ached all the time. My kidney's acted irregularly, too. 1 tried different kidney remedies but wasn't helped until I used Doan's Kidney Pills. Doan's removed the pains from my back and regulated my kidneys and made mefeel better in every way." (Statement given January 25, 1307). On June 5, 1918, Mrs. Stephen said: " I have been recommending Doan's Kidney Pills for years. I haven't had to use Doan's for a long time, but if ever I should be troubled with my kidneys again I would consider nothing but Doan's. I t North Ninth Avenue Louis Roche, 70S X. Ninth Ave, says. T suffered from kidney complaint caused by exposure and being on my feet so much. Back aches were constant and when I finished my day's work I couldn't rest on account of the dull aching across my back. .. Upon taking Doan's Kidney Pills I was given entire and lasting relief of the trouble. (Statement given March 24, 1914). On June 5, 1918, Mr. Roche said: "I consider Doan's Kidney Pills a fine kidney and bladder medicine. I have had no serious trouble with my back or kidneys since using Doan's. but I still take them -occasionally as a preventative- All I said in praise of Doan's holds good." 0M. o Ji ii Every Dm-nt bs Den's, 60: a tax. Fcster4Hhm Co., Uizzlzdzihg Chemist, Buffalo, N. Y. 3C Hcuse, who is like Burleson, from Texas, and who is said to be responsible for Uurlesou's appointment,1. will decide whetherthe postmaster general will go or stay. ;- - ' .".' ; As the president's loyalty to those who have served with him is very deeply rooted, no one believes it is yet an even b-n that he will ask Burleson to step down and out. : The president will have "to oe shown." , influential democrats have suggestta to Homer Cummings, charman of the democratic national committee, that it his duty, as leader of the 1920 campaign, ty "show" the president. But Cummings is not yet ready to ; demand Burleson discharge, for if the president refusad the demand, Cummings would be mightily embarrassed in his fight for a democratic i lory. Joseph P. Tumulty, secretary to the president, is an astute .politician and a good secretary. Nomlnaly he is willing to hazard a suggestion as to the attitude ot his chief toward a given proposition. But he's mum on the subject of Burls son. ' "I'm absolutely keeping hands off, he says.' Government ownership advocates are very bitter toward the postmaster gen eral. They feel his management of tel ephone, telegraph and cable lines has hurt the cause of government ownership well nigh irreparably, bringing the re verse to everything they had claimed for tederal operation, Service- has gone from bad to worse; rate increases have been many and mark id; labor troubles have grown. In this connection the question' Is raised why David J. Lewis, ardent gov ernment ownership advocate, named by Burleson to have charge of the - tele graph and telep 3nes when the lines were first taken over, quietly stepped out of the job after only a few weeks. lewis never has explained his action. ' Neither has Burleson. Kumor and gossip iAVe ft mat Lewis ! round his hands tiedV and perceiving that the-, policy followed would result disas trously for government ownership, decic e l to withdraw. Official "courtesy" u j.a restrained him from talking. " ' SHIP WORKERS WANT NATIVES ONLY ON SHIPS : 2 MILL LEVY WWWW W IfAM mimrmmm FEDER AL AID LEVY AS PROPOSED IN BILL PASSED BY SENATE WOULD RAISE ONLY $700,000 IT IS FIGURED. (By HERBERT FELKEL) Talalhassee, May 2. While tlie senate lis passed the bill providing a specUl icvi of two mills for the purpose of meet ing in part the amount of federal all lor roads apportioned to Florida for lisuin:! two years, the work of that branch of the legislature :s not yet com pktB in rrovjding for meeting the fuli amount of s.d to be given by the federal gov-ri.:iint Th to ;:.iil levy will produce a re erui of rot more than iTtl'.OOd per an num, wbilt the - amount of federal ai.l to be mti by this sesisjj cf the legisla ture Is $2,811,608.28. To make up a suf licient amount of the deficiency so that the federal authorities wiis rule that Florida has substantially pro'; ided for meeting the amount of the apportionment for the period ending June SO. 1321. it will be necessary to place all able bodied state convicts on the state roads upon which federal aid funds are to be sup plied, so that the value of the labor r.f such convicts can be figured as so much cash to be added to the amount that ill be raised by the two-mill levy. In the report of the special committee on roid legislation, consisting of two members of the senate and three mem bers of the house, the following recom mendation was made: "Your committee considers it Important to call special attention to the high coet and the great scarcity of labor. At pres ent many . works of development nd improvement are being delayed by reason of the actual deficiency in the necessary supply of common labor. This fact, in our opinion, makes the labor of the state convicts upon tile state roads a very es sential part of the state's provision o meet the funds apportioned to Florida under the terms of the federal aid road act as amended by, the last session of congress." Washington, May 2. Fomenters of dls content and preachers of anarchy corn in for scathing denunciation in contribu tions by workmen appearing recently a various shripyard papers. Revolutionary, agitation has evoked a veritable ava lanche of letters, articles, poems and quips from men whom the agitators sought to influence, in which the writers arraign imported doctrines in no uncer tain terms and demand "100 per cent Americanism" of every man working on the ships which will fly the United Statt-s flag. A compendium of the various articles makes a "vigorous, commonsense mani festo." according to a statement todav the shipping board, quoting the verdict ot the workmen. "The American citizen is ready at all times to render Justice when Justice is due. but If the Bolsheviki in this country cannot, see the American poinj of view, they are liable to feel it on the way out:- asserts Speed Up, published by the New ark Bay, K. - J., yard of the Submarine Boat Corporation. -. Lincoln's opinion on the rights of prop erty is quoted by a writer in the Compass, ol the Chester. Pa., Shipbuilding Com- lany. In refutation of communistic agi tation. The quotation reads: "Let not him that is homeless P!l down the home of another, but let htm work diligently and build one for him felf thus by example he will be assured that his own will be safe from violence." A committee of the workmen asked for a page in the Riverside Review of the McDougall-DuIuth company,- Dublin, Minn., and run on it a denunciation of some of their fellows who had been scat tering radical propaganda. "When we want a revolution, we can get it with our votes." their statement said. "We Eft-e out and out, from top to bottom, and through and through, against Bolshevism and the T. W. W. When ;-oa rind one. don't wait. Lead him to t:-ie gate and tell hira to go. We will back you." ' From the South also - comes : many protests against agitation which might cause the loss of important advantag-sa gained by labor during the war. "Iji bor organized and unorganised lias gained more substantial recognition and progressed further during our year and a half of war than it did in several previous decades." declares the lioshica Log. of the Mobile (Ala.) Shipbuilding Company. "The permanency of these for ward steps will in a large measure be Je teraained by labor's attitude in the next few months toward the controversies th'tt are bound to arise. In the main, labor has acted very fairly thus far in the re adjustment pericd and, barring the out breaks of a few Bolsheviki and I. W. W.'s in its ranks, has played fairly." Virtually all Pacific coast shipyard papers denounce radical propaganda, quoting experiences In the recent Seattla strike as support of their argument.. Tiie question from the standpoint of the m"H who built the ships necessary ror victory, the Shipping board's statement says. . is summed up in a paragraph, printed in Over the Top, published for the em ployes of the G. M. St an direr Construc tion Company, of Seattle and Vancouver, The paragraph asks: ;-What was the use of building ships tc feed the world and save civilization, ii we are ; to have a paralyzed industry, plundered and ruined homes, famine, pillage, rapine and riot of lust, in Amer- ica?" THREE COMPANIES GUARD SUSPECTS IN KOONS CASE Lake City, FTa, May 2. J. M. and Frank Hall. Lard rum J. Liehen-tem. white man. Tim halL negro." charged with murder of Mrs. Willie Koons, were granted continuance of their trial until next term of court on ground they could not obtain important wit nesses in time to proceed with the trial at this term. The prisoners returned to Jacksonville this afternoon under guard of three companies of St. Johns county guards. TELEPHONE RATE CASES BE HEARD IN WASHINGTON Washington. May 2. Increase of in trastate telephone toll rates by ch postmaster general was defended in a brief field 1 today by the government in the supreme court in connection with pending appeals from South Da kota and Massachusetts, courts. State authorities contend the increase cause undue Interference with their police powers. Arguments will be heard nexl Monday. Police power does not extend to the subject of : te making and f urthei that state public utilities commission the unauthorized in states to deal with rates of public utilities operaed by the government. Washington, May 2. The prediction of the department of agriculture for a wheat crop this year even larger than the record-breaking crop of 1914. was repeated by the United States cham ber of commerce in a report based 03 statistics obtained from all sections of the country. The report stated aa acreage never " before equalled had! been planted and a yield of SOO.SOO.'H' J bushels is the forecast. Southern states which never before grew winter wheat, have large acreage planted thi4 year, it was stated.