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2SSSSSS222223 BBS EJS REKS3SBEl!3E3S!f1 a Read the Journal ad- a B vertisements. They have a B a message for you. H FOR FLORIDA Fair Tuss- H Z day and Wednesday except 62 probably showers in north por- M ' tion with moderata east and SE so itheatt winds, la VOL. XXII NO. 125. PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, TUESDAY MORNING, MAY 6, 1919. PRICE FIVE CENTS C7t s r?- I r CiJi ITALIAN ISSUE AS TO FIUI1E SETTLED SAY PARIS REPORTS Disputed Port Shall Remain Autonomous for 2 Years After Which it Will Go to Italy. GERMANS WILL GET TREATY WEDNESDAY President Wilson and Pre miers Clemenceau and Lloyd George Make Ready for Ceremony. London, May 5The question regarding Fiume haa been settled in full in an agreement with the Italian government on tha basia that Fiume shall remain an auton omous port for two years, when it will be assigned to Italy, ac ording to a Paria dispatch to tha Exchange Telegraph. Paris, May 5. The time for handing over the peace treaty to the Germans was set today for 3:15 Wednesday af ternoon. Versailles. May 5. President Wilson, Premier Clemenceau and Lloyd George visited Trianon Palace this afternoon to inspect arrangements for the cere mony of handing over the peace treaty to the Germans. They expressed themselves satisfied. Paris, May 5. (By the Associated Press.1 It is now certain, according to the French press that the treaty of peace will be solemnly handed to Count von Brockendorf-Rantzau, the Ger man foreign minister, by Premier Clemenceau at Versailles. The contents of the first five chap ters of the treaty have already been outlined, dealing with the preamble, German frontiers, territory changes, fiprman colonies - and the military, naval and aerial features of the pact. The sixth chapter will define the status of prisoners of war and the! seventh will concern the responsibili ties of the former Emperor and otner Germans for the war. The eighth and ninth chaDters will be devoted to phases of the reparations problem and financial clauses. The tenth will deal with economic clauses, the eleventh with ports, railroads and water com munications; the twelfth will concern international labor legislation; the thirteenth will embrace guarantees and the fourteenth will contain general clauses dealing with ratification. Marcel Hutin, of the Echo de Paris learns France will , get absolute con trol of the mines in the Sarre valley and a guarantee for their exploitation. Paris, Sunday, May 4. (By the As sociated Press.) The status of Italy as one of the five great powers has bgeen brought into question by her withdrawal from the peace conferenco and it is this status which is proving a powerful lever in inducing Italy to accept the invitation of the council of three to resume her" place at the peace table. The treaty of peace makes repeated referenc to the five great powers as final authority m reguiai ing many subjects and this provision would have to be changed to the "four great powers," in case Italy remained out nf thp conference. Problems incident to the apposi tion of the German colonies are left by the treaty to the great powers, so that if Italy does not resume her place the treaty would exclude her from participating in the disposition of the colonies either directly or as a manda tory. President Wilson today expressed his belief to a member of the American delegation that the delivery of the treaty to the Germans could be made Tuesday afternoon, but this ceremony prcbably will go over until a later day to give the Italians time to return and allow time for the- adjustment of remaining questions concerning Bel Siura. Thus far the printed text of &e treaty does not Include the pro ;s:on on the responsibility of Form w Emperor William and others for war, and the methods to be fol ded for their trials. This may be inserted at the last moment. WAR DEPARTMENT WILL KEEP UP PLANE INDUSTRY Washington. May 5. Orders for airplanes are soon to be placed i, lhe Var Department to prevent " complete colapse of the airplane (.nufactured machinery built during ar! The pIanes to ordered td i be f advanced types develop ed desined by engineers working Qer conditions more favorable than fUr:s during the war. Acung Secretary Crowell disclosed - d " rn r-t . . ... tods ' '""culH ptans in this respect C(rJ m explaining it had been de rs" V abandn barran. call, carruth love, rich and taliaferro fields .as. Pa-ne, Mississippi, Gerstner. u!siana: Tavinr a j ti trjsas v i ELECTRICALLY HEATED SUITS KEEP OCEAN AIRMEN WARM ( - V. - v -'X '' S'iviF-'' v :... 1 :::-:: y. y.-f- . i i - f . . , I , i - i , f - i ' ( How do trans-Atlantic airmen keep warm? They press a button at least that's the way with Wood (loft) and Wylie, the two who started to fly from Britain to America and fell In to the Irish sea. They have suits with electric warbing devices. They expec t to fly again soon. TRANS-ATLANTIC V PLANE SUSTAINS FIRE DAMAGE The NC-3 and NC-4 Will Take the Air Early Today i For First Leg1 of Long Flight. New York, May 5. The NC-3 and NC-4 planes are scheduled to take the air sometime between dawn and .7 a. m., tomorrow for New Foundland on the first leg of their flight across the Atlantic. The NC-1 had her star board wings destroyed in a fire today. The NC-4 also was "slightly damaged but was completely restored by night and the NC-1 is nearly ready for flight again. V There was a possibility that the NC-1 might be delayed a few hours or even a day or more. Though saddened by the death of two . of their comrades. Ensign Hugh Adams and. Chief Machinists Mate Corry. in the plunge to earth of a naval scout, plane, the trans-Atlantic crews showed no discouragement over the interference with their plans re sulting from the fire. The machines will take the air one after another. Commander Towers will head the crew of the NC-3, Lieut. .Commander Aead will direct the flight of the NC-4 and Lieut. Commander Bellinger of NC-1. Though declining to predict success for the voyage Towers said, "If hard work by everyone connected with the undertaking counts for any thing, we ought to make it." . PACKAGE FOR GOVERNOR BILBO WAS NOT BOMB Jackson, Miss., May 5. A package received in the mail here today by Governor Bilbo which local post " of fice authorities believed contained an infernal machine was shot to pieces with a shot gun by a postal employe and according to persons who were present failed to explode or show any sign of danger. . MILLIONTH MAN OF A. E. F. WILL SHIP NEXT WEEK New York. May 5. The millionth man of the American expeditionary forces will embark for home next week. Secretary-Baker said today on his arrival from France aboard the transport George Washington. The homeward movement of troops. Secretary Baker said, is progressing in a most satisfactory manner, and he added that the three hundred thousand monthly will be reached in. June. The American army abroad is in splendid condition. The men are anxious to get home and are being moved as rap idly as posibje, the secretary said. 5 y- ILLA THREATS CAUSE FRIGHT OF AMERIGAIS Citizens in Chihuahua City Are Endeavoring to Get Passage to ElPaso Across Border. Washington, May 5 Three thousand employes , of an American mining company at Santa Eulalia have been removed to Chihuahua City because of Villa threats, according to state de partment advices today. In the cap ture of Parral, the entire Carranza garrison joined the Villa forces which now threaten Chihuahua City, the ad vices said. . Americans in Chihuahua City are endeavoring to obtain passage to El Paso as they believe the garrison will join the Villistas in event an attack is made on the city. Torreon Is said to be Villa's next objective and It is the belief here that the capture of that city would clear his road to the south. Re ports from the border say Conchos bridge at Ortie.south of Chihuahua City, has been destroyed by rebels, thus closing the road for federal re inforcements moving northward. WIRE RATE CASES TO BE CONCLUDED TODAY PERHAPS Washington, May 5. The authority of the director general of. railroads and the postmaster general to increase intrastate railroad, telegraph and tel ephone rates was argued 1 today In the Supreme court in connection with ap peals from North and South Dakota, Kansas, Massachusetts and Illinois. ' The: railroad . case was finished but the-wire rate cases will not be con cluded until tomorrow. Attorney gen erals from many states were in the courtrooms. The arguments on both cases centered 4 principally - upon the state's contention that, the,, govern ment's action in fixing Intrastate rates In terf erred with the state police powers. TAX COLLECTOR OF JEFFERSON MAY BE REMOVED . Tallahassee, Fla,. May 5. Acting Upon the report of State Auditor J. Will Ton and upon certain complaints from prominent : citzens of Jefferson county as to the conduct in office of the county, tax collector, J. B. Home, Governor Catts today recommended to the senate the removal of the said J. B. Home from office. "-''-. ; - It appears that .Mr. Home only re cently made- up' and paid a shortage of more than three thousand dollars, which had been standing for several months, and that he is still due six hundred and eighty dollars on the1 1917 rolls. BUYING BODS IS PRIVILEGE SEN: FLETCHER TOLD AUDIENCE Mr. Fletcher Demonstrated Foresight of Democrtic Administration in Plan ning Great Victory. ANSWERS CHARGES OF PARTY ENEMIES Great Development of Har bor Facilities Here Enum erated As Evidences of Foresight Senator Fletcher's address last night at the Garden theatre, in behalf of the Victory Loan, was devoted mainly to a demonstration of the' foresight of the nresent Democratic administration in passing before the war the legisla tion necessary to victory, and he showed in detail what the government has done individually for ensacola and Florida, for the country and the world, to Justify purchase of Its securities. Renlviner to the eh area that monev has been wasted in the war, he said: All war is waste of money, hut the best answer to the criticism is the fact of how we won the war. "The purcahse of bonds need not be justified, because they ate a profitable investment. To - buy them is not a sacrifice; it Is a privilege. The govern ment has never failed , on its , bonds, and in all reason never will. Much Done for Pensacola. "This administration has given Pen sacola the best air station In the land," he, said, "one that is pointed to from every country in the civilized world. It has given Pensacola the shipyard, the finest south of Baltimore," Sena tor Fletcher was mainly responsible for its location hare, and on inspecting it yesterday for the first time, was sur prised to . see . how well it ' had ; "been built, and believed it would be per manent, : it was explained tit the in troduction, of the speaker, Z - Through his efforts. "$43il,O0: Jwas added to the rivers and harbors ap propriation by the last congress for Florida alone, a part of which was to promote the canal to Mobile, nine feet deep and 150 feet wide, to afford an outlet for the coal and minerals of the Birmingham district. A dry; dock has been located here, and this enter prise will doubteless be the next Im provement pushed,, it was asserted.- Mr. Fletcher said certain great laws passed by Jhis administration just be fore the world war, now seem to have been providential. It was providential that Woodrow Wilson should have been president in such a crisis. It has been charged, that the Democratic party has no foresight, that it is un able to prepare the country for emer gencies. The history of this adminis tration refutes the charge. "The income tax law was providen tial, the fairest means of . raising great revenues,'' The farm loan act, introduced by Senator Fletcher, he explained saved the northwestern farmers from mort gage foreclosure by foreign capitalists at the outbreak of the war, and en abled Florida farmers to borrow two million dollars on their farms where before these farms were not considered to Justify a mortgage. Thus agricul ture, the foundation of the world's life, had been put on a business basis.". Federal . Reserve Act. "The federal reserve act, was passed when we did not know that we would have to fight. When asked to loan to the allies, our bankers thought the limit of possibility would be half a billion. The reserve bank enabled us to loan nine billions and supply our own need of twenty-five billions, and all without the suggestion of a panic The shipping jact, to pass which the senator said he kept the senate in con tnuous session for a record of sixty five hours, "was passed as a purely business proposition, to take the de livery of our foreign commerce out of the hands of our competitors. At the beginning of war. competitors' ships hrithArswn from commerce: our shores were piled high with our pro ducts to be shipped, ana mere was .no transportation. How fortunate, then, the shipping act. already passed, en abling the government to 9 tor iia what private enterprise had failed for rorrf to do. Private enterprise is to he preferred when it meets our needs; when it fails, let the govern ment respond." "Next came the government with - r shinning, where . private enterprise failed.- and twenty -milltdns of profits followed as reward. "England would have been bled to death by the German submarine war - ,s -.lv! in sr had not happened rare it. omv - o . , but it happened. Uncle Sam built ships faster than they couio. d ; ' th white flag to the Emergency Fleet Corporation,- and democracy won. We must continue to build ships, and we must build them here in the south, where we have the climate, the material, the labor and , the -waters. And let us .realize.. the enormous value to us of an industry ; 80 per cent of the cost of which is in high-class labor. Let us. not forget ? (.Continued: on : Page . Three) SANITARY ORDINANCE WILL NOW BE STRONGER At the regular weekly meeting of the city commissioners yesterday afternoon the question of proper sanitation in re gard to human wastes was again taken up. It seems that the impression has become prevalent in some circles that the de cision by Judge Moreno Jones in regard to Thiesen vs. the City made the whole movement for a sanitarily safe community null and void. It should be recalled that the decision was made on two techincal legal points, which are now remedied and made stronger. Those who were present at court proceedings noted that counsel for the defendant emphatically stated that he did not deny the right of the city by its delegated powers from the state to promulgate sanitary laws. The question of safety to the people in general was too great. The object of contention ;. was that the kind of building was not definitely stated in section one. A garage or child's playhouse where people do not dwell might be included in an interpretation. The other point was that too much power of discretion was vested in one man, the Commissioner of Health, as to how much time over fifteen days after notification before compliance would be re quired. If one were inclined to philosophize a biton ,wivan attitude of anyone, he might conclt thing to have no trust in the officials,. J3-1 will of the people, as laid down in laws. is destructive and not constructive. However, the weak points in the ordinance have been found by its adversaries, and the proper corrections have been made. There is no doubt in the minds of all that this work must go on. If there are false rumors, as to its inadvisability make sure you are properly informed before you utterly condemn it. Some patience and much fair mindedness is demanded. This is the beginning of many necessary improvements which in the outcome will be of tremendous importance. Would it be too strong to sum the whole case up by phrasing it as "Dollars vs. Decency?" RAPID DISPATCH iARKSSTARUG OF U. S. COURT Forty-Four ases Were Dis- posed Of Grand Jury Has Made No Report Yet. Forty-four cases on the criminal docket of the IT. S. district court were disposed of during yesterday's ses sion and 28 were continued. The grand Jury, following, the usual charge by Judge Wm. B. Sheppard, upon the convening of court at 10 o'clock, soon elected L. D. Green as. foreman and got down to work, with the assistance of District Attorney John I Neeley. At time of recess late yesterday , af ternoon they had not completed their deliberations and no report was made. The grand jury will be reconvened at 10 o'clock this morning and is ex pected to be in sesion throughout the day and perhaps longer. Court will be reconvened at 9:30 o'clock for the trial of cases. Assistant District Attorney Geo. Earl Hoffman is directing the prosecution of cases on the docket, while 'Mr. Neeley is working with the grand Jury. "Moonshine cases were chief among the number, disposed of during yes terday's, session and a number of pleas of guilty were entered, mainly to the fourth count in indictments, which charged defendants with having been guilty of being in and about an illicit distillery. Among the cases disposed of were the following: . For illisit distilling, fourth count, D. D. Boseman, plea of guilty, fine $50; Will Dukes, plea of guilty, $50; Beu lah Bill, plea of guilty, fine $50; W. R, Parsons, plea of guilty, fine $50; Ml las Williams, plea of guilty, fine $50; Jasper Powel, plea of guilty, fine $50; Joseph Lewis, verdict not guilty;:Wm. Daniels, plea of guilty, fine $50; Geo. Porter, case nol prossed; David Early, plea of guilty, fine $50; Gordon Baker, plea of guilty, fine $50; Joseph Brun scn, plea of guilty, fine $50; Will Jones, plea of guilty, fine $50; Robert San ders, plea of guilty, fine $50; Walter and Charles Wesley, plea of guilty, $50 each. ' Cases nol prossed against defendants charged with violating sections 12 and 13 of the federal statutes with reference to selling .or giving Intoxicating liq uors to sailors and soldiers, were nol prossed as fillows: James Hunter, Anna Lee Butler, Al bert' Nowllng, Dave Hill, D. Jones. Galloway Gary, John Henry Taylor, Tom Frierson, Martha Larkins, Frank Broxton, Richard Whitaker, Claud J. Pettiway, Annie Hitchcock. Nellie Payne, on a plea, of guilty of violating section 13, was fined $50. CATTS APPROVES SUPREME COURT AID MEASURE Tallahassee, Fla., May 5. Governor Catts today approved . the following bill: An act authorizing the supreme court to call to their assistance one or more of the circuit Judges to aid in the preparation of opinions and dis position of cases in the supreme court - . - sv vaiiy our tne A spirit of distrust AG KICULTURAL COBSSIOHER IS ARRAIGNED Accusation ' is Made in the House That Official Fail ed to Administer Pure Food Laws. Tallahassee, May 5. Not many days ago the state chemist openly charged that the . commissioner of agriculture habitually failed to administer the pure food laws of the state to protect the people from impure food and adulter ated fertilizers. This resulted in Mr. Dawson, of Hernando, this af ternon offering a resolution in the house providing for the appointment of a committee of three to investigate charges and coun ter charges . that the state chemist is not qualified to administer the duties of his office. In making a motion for the adoption of the jresoltlon, which was adopted, Mr. Dawson said . it was not through any hostile feeling towards either of the gentlemen. He hoped and believed they were both his friends.- His main purpose was to bring about a better undertsanding between ' the depart ments, if possible, to the end that both might render better service. The speaker later announced the ap pointment of a comimttee as follows: Dawson of Hernando, Glazier of Man atee and Bryan of Osceola. Messrs. Roebuck and Phillips of Co lumbia .this afternoon introduced and secured- the passage of a memorial to congress, requesting the deportation of all foreigners who cowardly shirked the call of the government to arms, claiming allegiance to other govern ments, and calls upon the government to deport all such as "so much worth less scum and baggage," as a "means of showing America's contempt for such ingrates." SPANISH GRANTS RULED ON BY SUPREME COURT In an able opinion by Judge Whit field, concurred in by all the justices, regarding the important subjects of Spanish grants, and the rights of ri parin owners in Florida,- the supreme court today affirmed the decree of the circuit court for Dade county in the case of May Brickell, appellant, against th,e trustees of the Internal improve ment fund of Florida . SUPREME COURT OF MEXICO IS ABOUT TO RESIGN Washington. May 5. The Supreme court of Mexico is considering resign ing in, a body, according to advices re ceived here today, because of the re cent execution of General Alverez. The court had granted a stay of the death sentence but the military author ities ignored the court's action, ad vices said, and in doing so has cre ated a serious situation in the Mexican capital. I V jPENSACOLA AS SEAPORT HAS A GREAT FUTURE SAYS FLETCHER Florida's Senor Senator In timates Pensacola Will Be . Principal . Destroyer Base. HE IS BOOSTER FOR HARBOR HERE Survey for Canal Nine Feet Deep and 150 Feet Wide to Mobile is An Authoriz ed Project. That Pensacola is to be one of the principal bases of the country was intimated by Senator Fletcher in an interview with the Journal last night. 'T worked hard with the Navy Depart ment and the naval committee to get an appropriation for the construction of a dock here", he said. "The amount to be expended is in the millions but I am not certain as to Just how much of the appropriation is to -be used for this particular purpose." "Although I am not a member of the naval committee," the senator contin ued "I am so well acquainted with Secretary Daniels and the heads of the bureaus that I obtain fully as many concessions from them as I do from the military authorities of which com- j mittee I was a member." "I remember going to Secretary Dan iels when he was first called to the cabinet. I said to him You must open the navy yard at Pensacola. It is shameful that that yard, located to be of so great value to the na.- tion, should be closed', and the yard was opened and is now the greatest air station in the world. "The harbor here is an exceptionally fine one, with its deep channel and itj wide anchorage, and will be of great importance as a destroyer operating and repair base." 150 Foot Canal to Mobile. Speaking of the proposed canal io Mobile and the Warrior-river Senator r ieicner Baia mat a survey ror a nine t foot canal, 150 feet wide had already been authorized.' "If the estimate for a nine foot canal is more than we can pay," he said, "We will have to be satisfied with a six foot canal, but I do not believe the waterways and harbor improvements will be neg lected." Senator Fletcher said that he be lieved men returning from the service should be employed in the construction of governmental projects, and . added that an v nttpmnt in rui-tafl n-raona.. u. v.iicia by cutting down on improvements such as these would be like killing the goose that lays the golden eggs. "Such improvements as these," he said, "Pay dividends immediately in increased prosperity." "The shipbuilding plant here has the. finest location of any plant I have ever visited. The climate is favorable all the year, living conditions are good, the city la clean and prosperous and the plant is well organized. It is here to stay," he averted. . In concluding the interview, the Sen ator declared: "I see a wonderful fu ture for Pensacola." 1 NEWS IN BRIEF 8 FROM ALL OVER THC UNIVERSE New York. May 5. Ensign Adams and Chief Machinist's Mat Cory were killed today when a naval scout plane which thy were flying at the Rock away Beach station collided with the top of a hundred foot hydrogen tank. Brussels, May 5. The Belgian gov ernment has decided to sign the treaty of peace, which was discussed at a crown council here here last night, it was announced. New York, May 5. Fire early today destroyed Happy Land Park, 35 bun galows .four hotels and four bathing pavilions at South Beach, Staten Island. The body of a woman who had been employed in the park was found in the ruins. The property loss Is estimated at $200,000. Albany, N. Y., May 5. Local news papers appeared in Albany today for the first time since Thursday rooming. The walkout of the linotype operators ended last night when they agreed to submit their wage dispute to arbitra tion. Chattanooga, May 5. Fire, which brokeout in the Tennessee, Alabama and Alabama railroad tunnel through Pigeon mountain, near.Estelle. Ga.. last Tuesday, is still burning and all efforts to extinguish the, flames have failed. Washington, May 5. Roger CVTred well, the American consul,, who was arrested by. the Russian Bolshevik! last October, has arrived in Stockholm. He advised the', state department today he was taken from Moscow to Finland several weeks ago and there released.