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p FOR FLORIDA Fair Wsdnei- H' day except probably showers in 3 5 north portion. Thursday Fair. K 53 Read the Journal ad- a H vertisements. They have M H a message for you. H li f g I S S VOL XXII NO. 126. PENSACOLAa?X,ORIDA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 7, 1919. PRICE FIVE CENTS GERMANS WILL BE PEACE TREATY BY BIG FOUR V Terms Will Admittedly Be Hard But It is Asserted There is one of Only Two Courses Open. , REFUSAL TO SIGN . MEANS ISOLATION There is Still Some Dissen tion On Part of Italy Though Her Credentials Are Handed to Germans. All is ready for. the presenta tion Wednesday afternoon of the peace treaty to Germany. The terms admittedly, will be hard for Germany but it is asserted there is but one road for her to follow if she is to obtain what her spokesmen have so frequent ly declared she ardently desires, the return of peace and a chance to rehabilitate herself economi cally. Acquiescense even of the trial of the former emperor ia to be required. Reports have it that steps for the complete eco nomic isolation of Germany are being considered should sne de cline to sign the treaty. There is still dissent among ihe allied and associated powers over some provisions of the trea ty. Chief among the objectors is Italy, with Fiume and the Dal mation coast in dispute. Signor Crespi, Italy's representative at Tuesday's plenary session,, made reservation , concerning any treaty provisions i-unaccepl 3i to Italy. The Chinese delegat reiterated a protest concerning the disposition of Kiao Choii and Portugal has expressed dissatis faction with the awards the council of four has made to that republic. Nevertheless the treaty as formulated will placed in German hands accord-j locai bm calendar and worked on such ing to a Paris report. measures till adjournment was taken Paris, May 6. Credentials of ltal-at 6 o'clock. A number of important tin delegates to the peace conference ! DlUs were introduced. : were handed thi3 morning to the Ger- ) As a result of the Singletary reso man plenipotentiaries at Versailles. ? lution, the board of control submitted This official announcement was made! a detailed report of the expenditures this evening. j of all the moneys appropriated by the It was decided late today thai the ? last legislature for the state's instltu- following delegations which were to be i'tions of higher education. The tabu excluded, will be admitted at the con- j' lation of figures itimized everv item gross at Versailles tomorrow when ths peace terms are handed to the Ger mans: China, F.iam. Cuba, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Haiti, Panama, Liberia and Honduras. Tne peace treaty was presented to thf-i minor powers at a secret plenary session this afternoon which adjourn ed at 5:15. The draft is considered now as having passed the final stage before being presented to the Germans. Marshal Foch In a speech declared the security given France is inadequate from the military standpoint view and sakl it was his personal conviction that the treaty should not be signed. I'aris, May 6. A clause regarding responsibilities which was not acted on previously by the plenary confer eti, it is understood has been in corporated in the final draft of the ireacy. This provides for the trial of tee former German Emperor for "Su preme offence against international Morality and sanctity of treaties" by tribunal composed of representatives of the United States, Great Britain, France, Italy and Japan. Versailles, May 6. Peace. (By 'thai8'8. for the purpose of taxing them. delated Press. When the German legates enter the dining room of the ! "el Trianon on Wednesday afternoon i Pce they will find the representa Tes of the powers arrayed against nnanv awifjTsr thpm at nno of tho? Neatest tables which have been placed, the room. Premier Clemenceau, Resident Wilson and Premier Lloyd corge will stand at the head of the - i Jhe Germans will not join the allied Ration at this time, but will be con- ruf d tQ a 6maller table standing by lf at the open end of the horse i,ue formof green-covered s arranged for the meeting. Thera on7-listen to M. Clemenceau'a Wnins address and, receive the judgc m of the allied and associated na ns as formulated in the volume of ""miens drawn up during the four Months . . t ? wnference, Pr, Clemenceau'a risrht will he mL tIegates while on hls left Pre fLloyd George and the British (Continued on Page Eight) n VERSAILLES ' PARIS TODAY RALLRft DEFICIT HAS INCREASED Reduction in Freight Traffic Charged With Responsi bilities for Bad Showing. "Washington, May 6. The govern ment's deficit in operating the rail roads for the first three months this year was about $192,000,000 for all rodas under federal management, di rector Hines disclosed today. The gov ernment's loss for 1918 was $226,000, 000, making a total loss incurred dur ing the 15 months of federal opera tions $418,000,000. A marked reduction of freight traf fic under the records of similar periods of the last two years is responsibla for the bad financial showing and April conditions show no promise of improvement. Despite the big deficits the director general does not contemplate any gen eral increase in rates. The govern ment also incurred a deficit of about $14,500,000 in S months, of operation of the American' Railway Express com pany up to. March 1. GENERAL Ex-President Taft Writes Legislators He Cannot Be In Tallahassee Before End of Session. BY HERBERT FELKEL. Tallahassee. May 6. After passing I nine general bills and killing one, the ! senate vesterdav vnt! tn turn trt th and the letter from Bryan Mack, secre tary of the board, stated that if any further information Were ' desired it would, be cheerfully furnished. "The communication was referred to the aupropriations committee. A telegram from Former President W. H. Taft declined the invitation to address the legislature on the League of Nations, stating that he had too many engagements ahead of him to permit of his coming to Florida before the adjournment of tho legislature. He said he had not answered before be cause he had been in the west and found the invitation upon his return. Mr. Taft appreciated the compliment, he said. A letter from the Old Spanish Trail Association invited the legislature to attend a celebration on the west bank of the Apalachicola Tiver on May 20, apropos of the bridge to connect Jack son and Gadsden counties. - -Introduction of Bills. Senator Hulley introduced a bill to prevent drainage districts from ex tending their boundaries to include nearby lands that do not need drain- He also introduced a new charter, for Ormond. Senator Oliver introduced a bill pro viding for a commission form of gov ernment for Apalachicola. Senator Carlton introduced a bill to require a uoense ueiore marriage, xne present law authorizes he issuance of licenses but recognizes the common law marriage. This bin will make license necessary. ... Senator Stokes introduced a bill rel ative Ao the safe installation and In sulation of electrically operated or controlled devices. A measure Introduced by Senator Mao Williams provides for the em ployment of assistant state attorney when and where needed, the same tn be called in and paid by the state attorneys. Building and loan associations may invest the funds deposited with them in - Liberty Bonds under a bill pro posed by Senator Stokes. The house resolution calling upon business people of the state to give employment to returning soldiers and sailors passed the senate unanimously. AT OF ADS BILLS P ' BYTBE ASSED SENATE VICTORY SHIP WILL A l I ssajBuo-v io Xjbjcji-?; a v.y" .iwti-iWiT . " ; ". , :!.:: .hwi'a , '" .,-,) . .. , ,.,.,..;. v.- eKr""" i3. -.c- xg's- gwMtj-TTT - "'-S1?. ai1' i' 'Trrrrr.-.:-av :::::.-: ..... r ; j-5-ri Umii -t '''' ' a tJTT' v -j.: A-.v.:-:-:-j: ::::::;: : - - - -:-:-:-y-:-:-.: :: :: t I " ;,....";...-.. ....... a SENATE KILLS CATTS SCHOOL PROBE BEL Local Boards of Visitors Will Not Be Appointed By Governor to Inspect Institutions. BY HERBERT FELKEL. Tallahassee, May 6. By a tie vot-s the senate today failed to pass the bill by Senator MacWilliams provid ing for the appointment by the gov ernor Of local boards of visitors to in spect the state intsitutiona of higher learning under the board of control, and - the measure Is dead, a majority of "ayes" being necessary to pass a Mil , "".'i . . ;. . The measure had been amended on second reading to eliminate " the : pror vision that, members of the board of control might reside- in the-counties in which the educational institutions are located. Senator Cash spoke against the bill,, declaring it to be an entering wedge for the destruction of the colleges. Senator Cash said a principle was involved, that the schools to date had been exceptionally well managed and that the provision for keeping the col leges free of local influence was one of the best features of the Buckman bill. 7-V'- v; ..- ' . Senator Mac Williams said too much publicity was impossible in the man agement Of public affairs, and he never had been able to understand the theory of putting the manager of an institu tion as far from It as possible. The board of control ought to welcome the suggestions of people who are continuously on the ground, he said. GLASS TO SPEAK BEFORE GROCERS - IN CONVENTION New Orleans, May 6. Two thousand delegates are expected here tomor row for. the opening session of what has been terme'd the "Victory Conven tion" of the Southern ' Wholesale Gro cers association.. According to an an nouncement tonight the 3-day program contains the names of many promi nent speakers throughout' the country headed by Secretary Glass who will address the convention Thursday on important subjects,; including questions arising from the problems of the eco nomic re-adjusement of the country's business reconstruction, labor condi tins and food prices. NEGRO KILLED AFTER SHOOTING THIRTEEN WHITES Piano, Texas, May 6. Thirteen per sons are in hospitals suffering from wounds received in a gunfight here.to today between county officers and citi zens and Tom Embrey, a negro, who was killed after barricading himself In a house and for four hours resisted with a shot gun all attempts to cap ture him. Most were wounded by shot In attempts to rush the house. WAR CAMP SERVICE MAKES PLANS TO WELCOME MEN HOME Newport News, Virginia, . May 5. : Five hundred thousand veteran troopn are due to arrive in this historic town from overseas in the next few months. Most of them will come in ,. regimental units. They are the pick' of the fight ing men from every state in the union. They will be quartered in the adjacent camps from five to ten days before being ordered to their home '. camps. This means, that while they are In fact, back on' American soil they aro still far from home? War Camp Community Service has realized the situation and in coopera tion with the War Department and the commanding officers at the port, has taken eteps to remedy it. ENTER NEW YORK HARBOR WHEN 3 I NEWS IN BRIEF S FROM ALL OVER a THi: UNIVERSE 55 New York, May 6. Approximately 2,700 drafted men of Georgia, Alabama and Florida, arrived here, today on the steamship Huron, fro mBordeaux. Toklo, May 6. The an tl-American campaign in the Japanese .press con tinues with renewed force. Up to the present no serious overt acts have beefe committed against Americans or American property. London, May 6. Allied troops ad vancing southward along the Mur mansk railway Sunday, captured Me salskaya, twenty-five . miles south of Urosozero, says & war office an nouncement. ; New ' York, May 6. Flight Com mander Towers announced tonight that ho attempt would be made toraor row by the nays trans-Atlantic avlatorsTcTEop off oh tneTiflB.5tfTeg"pf their "journey, because of1 adverse weather. - ' Augusta, Ga, May 6. Chief Naval Quartermaster D. J. Ritchie, of Kansas City, was killed and ; Pilot FJnsign T. J. Wheelan and Chief Machinist Harry Rogers were painfully bruised and burned when 'a hydroplane nose dived into, the Savannah river near here this afternoon. Jamaica, May 6. The British gov ernment having decided to give pref erential treatment to West ' Indian sugar, a new tariff will be prepared by the legislative council of Jamaica, giving advantages of a substantial na ture to manufactured goods from Great Britain; - ; Washington, May 6. Orders were issued today by the war department for the recruiting of 8,000 men to serve as replacement -. troops for American soldiers now in Siberia. A replacement detachment will be organized at San Francisco and the. troops will be sent forward in units of 500 each as they become available. ': Washington, May 6. The Pacific coast shipbuilders , were asked f today by Chairman Hurley to come to Wash ington at an early date and discuss, with the shipping board the question of replacing canceled contracts, and adjusting payments to be made in con nection with the , constuction" of ship yards as war emergency. Washington, May 6. The president in . an executive order 'cabled from Paris has" directed the civil service commsision to exempt soldiers, sailors and marines from physical require ments for any civil service position upon certification by the federal board for vocational-education that . the ap plicant has been especially trained and qualified for. the position. Fort .Worth, Tex., May 6. Will Mil ler, special agent of the department of justice, and William Mays, inspec tor for the Texas Cattle Raisers' As sociation, were killed in a fight with moonshiners in McCurtain , county, Okla., according to a dispatch received here today which reported the finding of the bodies- of two men. Chattanooga, Term., May 6. All f forts to quench the raging fire in the Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia rail way tunnel through Pigeon mountain, near Estelle, Ga., have so far failed, and officials report the fire still raging this morning. ' : Sheffield. Ala., May 6 Miss Florence Hansborough, the 14-year-old daugh ter of Mr. and Mrs. M. S. Hansbor ough, of this city, was found floating in a bath tub at their home, last night. The cause of death is undertermined. but it is supposed she either fainted or was attacked by convulsions while in the bath. - - Mr.- Hansborough is publisher of the Tri-Cltles Daily. . LOAN IS COMPLETED This is the Victory ship Colhoun. She's moving north from the Panama canal at the rate of a mile for each million subscribed to the Victory loan, and if the loan is all placed according to schedule the Colhoun will enter Xe w.York harbor May 1 0. LOCATION FOR SALVATION A. HOME SELECTED Location of Property is Con sidered Ideal Home Ser vice Drive Plans Are Com pleted. A. Salvation Army home that will serve the needs of this worthy organi zation for' years to come, for the en tire area of West Florida, . will be erected on the southwest corner of Jefferson and Zarragossa streets, next to the city police department building and across the street from the county building and city hall, if the home service drive plans of the army. May 19-26,' succeed as is expected.-. :T,his announcement was made by Capt. ; Bergr en;HIcaI -corps commander fjQr.jthCrmaterdAy;in. speaking of the allotment made by the head quarters directorate of $25,000 for Pen sacola to be used for the purpose of building a home to serve all Florida west of the Apalachicola rivw. An nouncement of the allotment wars made several days ago. Capt. Bergren said that Mr. H. L. Covington, part owner and custodian of the property designated, had con sented to let the Salvation Army have the property at. a stipulated price of I6.S50. which is $400 less than what is. considered the actual market value of the corner," with the understanding that the $400 be construed as a dona tion to the home. The dimensions of of the property are 68x115 feet.. The plans of the Salvationists are to erect . a modern three story Dunaing, embracing about 50 rooms m the dor mitory, with reading rooms for service men and, the usual accommodations for the noor and destitute. The home would also very probably embrace a nurserv where the children of working mothers wouli "be "cared for. Full de tails of the home have not been com pleted yet. but in view of the spacious ness Of the lot, Cspt. Bergren is sura that the home can be made to subserve the constantly increasing local de mands "made- upon the Salvation Army not ; only - from "the city and suburbs, but the . surrounding country districts as well. . ; ' ' Similar homes "-are to be proveded for Montgomery,'' Mobile and other large cities, thrpughtout this section, following the putting over Of the ap proaching .dr I ve. Headquarters mt San Carlos. Headquarters fdr tlje drive will be open this morning at the San Carlos Hotel, said . Capt. Bergren yesterday, and all, mail and '"applications should be addressed or should come to "Sal vation Army Headquarters Home Ser vice Fund Drive, San Carlos Hotel." Capt. Bergren or Director W. G. Green, one or the other or both wil be at the headquarters regularly and they are to have the aid and assistance or a very able campaign committee, the names of whom have been announced. Capt. Bergren states that already a great deal of Interest is being mani fested in the approaching drive and though it has not been formally open ed and will not be until after the con clusion of the Victory Liberty Loan drive, he has already received some do nations for the fund and that one or more rural church communities are. arranging to take an active part in the campaign and others have signified j their intention of doing so. . The outlook for the success of the drive locally and throughout the rone is said to be most encouraging. 4LLIED GUNBOATS ARE IN CONTACT WITH BOLSHEVIKI Archangel, Monday, May 5. First of the allied river flotilla reached - the fighting front near the junction of (the Vaga and Dvlna rivers last night. The Bolshevik! shelled the allied po sitions on the Vaga yesterday after noon. Other sections of the front are reported quiet. - SENATE ACTION ON PROHI. BILL IS POSTPONED Motion to Reconsider After Vote Was Taken Failed But Measure Will Come Up Again Today. SHERIFF'S FEE BILL IS UP. AGAIN House Also Passes Bill to Compensate Sheriffs Who Were Suspended and Compulsory Dipping Bill. By a vote of fifteen to fourteen the senate this morning Indefinitely post poned the main prohibition bill offer ed by -the joint temperance committee which sought to amend, the act of the extraordinary session for enforcing the state-wide prohibition amendment to the constitution, A motion to reconsider was made this afternoon and the bill will come up again tomorrow. . ' The senate today passed Hulley's bill defining, regulating and segregat ing veneral diseases. In the House.... After a lively skirmish over amend ments to reduce increases of sheriff's fees, as provideded in the committee substitute bill, the house this after noon passed the measure by a vote of 65 to 5. The bill was amended to exclude sheriffs of counties of more than forty thousand from its benefits. The bill will increase fees now allowed about fifty per cent. The house also passed a bill for the relief of A. T. Coleman, sheriff of Sumpter county, for $2,280 in fees col lected during his suspension from of fice. Also a bill for the relief of Ernest P. Roberts, county solicitor of Monroe county, for fees during his suspense which amounted to $1,909. After adopting an amendment of fered by Mr. Edge, Of Lake county, to make private and denominational schools subject to the same rules and regulations that public schools are op erated under and subject to the same laws,- the , hous" this, morning passed the Williams compulsory" tick ' eradi cation bill by a vote of 56 to 11, Mr. Math is of Holmes, changing his vote to move for reconsideration of the bill. GRAND JURY IN U.S. COURT STILL WORKING After working diligently all day yes terday the U. S. grand Jury recessed late in the afternoon .until this morn ing at 10 o'clock, when that body will resume its labors with the assistance of District Attorney John L. Neeley. No report has yet been made though it is expected that some of its findings will be reported this morning. . The criminal docket of cases set for the term, indictments formerly found, was practically completed yesterday. The court will be convened for the hearing of the one or more remaining cases this morning, following which perhaps indictments ; found by the grand Jury at its pwsent session will be taken up. Hiram J. Horn, former postmaster at Garden City, pleaded guilty before Judge Wm. B. Sheppard, to the charge of embezzlement of postoffice funds yesterday and was sentenced to pay a fine equal to the amount alleged to have been embezzled, $200.59. ". H was also sentenced to serve a term of 60 days in the county Jail here. It is re ported that the former postmaster made good his shortage of government funds, however the law provides that in such cases defendant shall not be fined less than the amount of the shortage. , A. Roper, the negro who was arrest ed in Pensacola several weeks ago for "moonshinlng," was found guilty by jury and sentenced to serve six months In the federal penitentiary , in Atlanta and pay a fine of $100. Upon arraignment of Arthur Barnes. Charley Baker and Joe Eaton, negroes, charged with violating the federal pos tal laws, the two former pleaded guil ty. Judge Sheppard withholding sen tence. Eaton will be tried thi3 morn ing it is expected. The three negroes are alleged to have been "operating a postoffice of their own in competetion with Uncle Sam" at an isolated point over on the Mari ana and Btountstown railroad. AUTHORIZE SALE OF TWENTY-FOUR NEW ARMY CAMPS Washington, May 6. Approval of the sale of 12 Army camps, 8 Xational Guard sites and 4 small miscellaneous camps for a total of more tlym $549, 000 was announced today by Acting Secretary Crowell. NINE COUNTIES IN ZONE HAVE RAISEDQUOTAS Escambia County is Still Lagging With Nearly $300,000 More to Be Sub DRIVE TO END IN ONLY FOUR DAYS Victory Day Will Be Cele , brated at Naval Air Sta tion Today ; W. H- Watson to Make Address. "With only $445,900.00 of Escambia's quota of $737,650. subscribed, there re mains, $291,750.00 yet to be raised in subscriptions to the Victory loan, be fore this county can go over the ton. and the county committee urges every patriotic citizen to the realization of what it would mean to Escambia to be the last to subscribe its quota, or to fail to subscribe. Already nine of the sixteen counties of the West Florida zone have mada their subscriptions,-and in several in stances the quota has ben doubled. The little. town of Cottondale has es tablished a record by more than doub ling its quota. What the people of that little community hare done should be an incentive to every citizen to do his part, and in the four days that remain Pensacola nad Escambia coun ty should go over with flying colors. Victory Day at the Yard. A special Victory . loan celebration will take place today at the Pensa cola naval air station, W. H. Watson to deliver an address, and a patriotic rally to feature the day. J. M. .Muldon, chairman of the Es cambia County Liberty loan commit tee, said yesterday that it is necessary for all workers to enter with renewed zeal into the drive during the next four days, if the loan Js to go over the top. The Boy Scout Brigade. The two troops of Boy Scouts are doing . som splendid ' work, and are meeting "with much encouragement. One. of the boys said yesterday: "It certainly-does help a -lot, when they meet us with- a smile.. Somehow, it seems more patriotic to give with a -smile than to be grouchy , about it." That is the slogan of the hour: "Give with a smile," And it is a good slo gan. ; The woman's committee, under the leadership of Mrs. Hunter Brown, ij doing some fine work. The women of Escambia county do not need any in spiration in their campaign, in which they are domg such splendid work, but the members may be interested in tha following excerpt from a letter received by Paul Custer, of The Journal, from Miss Van Dorgan," of New York, sis ter of Tad, the famous cartoonist: I have been working on this Vic tory loan and as you know, we had. some hopping to do. Our commit tee, which was on the allied Music Division, gave a rally at the Metro politan Opera House and the tickets were alloted according to the amount of the subscription. The way they bought seats made my blood run cold. Boxes sold from $50,000 to $200,000. orchestra seats from $1,000 and so on; up to the top balcony sold for $50 to $100 each. We raised over $7,000,000 on it, which more than doubled our quota." - LESS THAN HALF OF VICTORY LOAN IS SUBSCRIBED Washington, May 6. Victory loan subscriptions reported to the treasury tonight totalled $2,061,000,000 approxi mately 46 per cent, of the quota sought. Exeprts who have been associated with all loan campaigns and at absolute loss to explain the slowness of the sub scriptions said the treasury's review tonight. The belief held by many at the outset of the loan that it's at tractive features both as to interest and maturity would cause an early oversubscription have been rapidly dis sipated and yet no one seems able to assign a cause for this situation. Atlanta, May 6. Actual subscription to the Victory Liberty loan tonight totalled $66,836,000 in the tAlanta dis trict according to reports to head quarters. This is 464 per cent, of the districts $144,000,000 quota. Subscrip tions by sta.tes show: Alabama, $8,855. 000; Florida, $9,026,000; that part of Mississippi in the district. $3,788,000. CHILD WELFARE BILL IS PASSED BY THE SENATE The Mother's Pension bill passed the Senate yesterday, with only five op posing votes, according to a wire yesterday afternoon by Miss Agnes Mc Kinna, Welfare worker of Escambia county who has recently returned from Tallahassee, where she went in the in terest of the bill, which was introduced by W. E. Parker, of Clay county. The pension bill, popularly called the child welfare bill, was drafted by R. Pope Reese, of this city, and im Mid to be t model of its kind.