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-OR FLORIDA Fair in south R "ith probably local showers in 32 rth portion Thursday and Fri- K i.w modsrata at and south M ,at winds. EEggBESSEgSHgaSIBS H Read the Journal ad- B H vertisements. They have 55 B a message for you. a $)L. XXII NO. 127. PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 8, 1919. PRICE FIVE CENTS 2C CABLES CONG TO MEET ON MAY 19 PRESIDENT RKSS m MS HAf.GMMS II VERSAILLES REDUCE THAT NATION TO IMARY E3P0M Pact Provides for Restora tion of Alsace Lorraine and Takes Away Ger many's Colonies. HUMEROUSHEAVY DEMANDS ARE MADE Germans Are Pledged to Repair Wrongs Done Relfrium Admit Power German Armies Broken. New York, May 7. The trea ty of peace, submitted to Ger- nany at Versailles today by the associated powers reduces Ger many to military impotence, de rives her of her colonies, re stores Alsace Loraine to France and provides reparation to the rations injured by her in the var. This was made known in an official summary published here t xiay by the committee on pul lie information, at the same time it was officially announced that President Wilson had pledged himself to propose to the senate an agreement that the United itates in conjunction with Great Eritain would 50 to the assit- aacse of France in case of un provoked attack by Germany. Other points in the treaty are a j follows : The Rhine bridges t ordering France are to be in French control, Danzig perma rently internationalized, Sarr tasin temporarily internation- lized, Germany recognizes the btal independence of German Austria and Czecho Slovakia; Belgium is conditionally given -lalmedy and the Eupen districts f Prussia. Heligoland must be emolished, the Kiel canal open d to all nations, German cables arrendered, Germany's army :educed to not more than a hun- Jed thousand, all forts fifty ilometres east of the Rhine lust be razed. Germany must eplace shipping ton for ton, and 3 treaties and agreements with Mshevik Russia musi be abro ad as well as the treaty with Jmania. - 5lst of Upper Silisia s ceded to s'and whose indenendence Germany Agnizes. Poland also receives the evince of Posen afcd a portion of the mce of West Prussia west of the ula. Germany's colonies are taken her by a clause in which she ounces all her territorial and po- ' rights outside of Europe. The T.e of nations will work out a 4atory system for governing these ies. Luxembourg is set free from ?erman Customs National Union, concessions and territories in -'"1 must b rpnnnni-fit RVian Tnn-r ceded to Japan. Germany recog--H the French in Morocco and the : :t!$h protectorate over Egypt. Ger- troops and authorities must evac- Schleswig-Holstein north of tho p canal within ten days after peace. mmission will be appointed to n,ise the vote of self determina- that territory, and districts 'nS to 0in Denmark must bo -fa by Germany. "eplaeinsr shinnins. Ci hand over a great part of her mtiie tonnage and turn out new niction for the purpose. She " devote her economic 'resources building the devastated regions, allies and Germany accept the ' natiODSi Germany, however. ting only in principle and not rhember. 5" six capital ships of not more 'pn thousand tons each are al 1 Germany for her Navy. She is tted six light cruisers, twelve 'Vers and twelve torpedo boats 'tion to the six battleships but Continued on Page Three) CE HOW WEALTH AND DEBT COMPARE USA 84 pPAr GXRMAffY tJI47 739 7S ITALVi 445 u The wealth pr inhabitant of each of the principal nations in the war and the debt of each when nations are back on peace-time basis shown In black. f7T USA CRM FfANCf G!W ITALY V .... . - : , ' V ' - --65 4o 4o The proportion of Indebtedness -0 each 100 wealth for each nation. In demnities are considered in these fig ures from the U. S. peace mission. USA WAlff-TMNCr-CIRMAKr inM 18 This shows how hard the present tax rate hits the pre-war income of each nation. Germany's present tax rate is low, for she had expected to get big indemnities. Britain is rush ing in to pay her war debt, but Franca is slow to undertake this task. SENATE CONFIRM APPOINTMENTS BY STATE EXECUTIVE BY HERBERT FELKEL. Tallahassee, May 7. In executive session today the senate confirmed the appointment of the following: Georg-s W. Scoffield to be state's attorney in the fifth judicial circuit for a term of four years, beginning June 9th, 1919; A. V. Long for the same office in the 8th circuit for the same term of years, beginning a.t the same time, and I. O. Rogers to be state attorney in the 10th circuit for the same period, beginning On the same day as the others. he senate also confirmed the ap pointment by the governor of Lonnio D. Howell to succed himself as county solicitor of the Duval criminal court of record, his term of office to begin on July 6, 1919. Senators Malone, Moore and Russell were named as a committee to investl gate the case of J. B. Horne, tax col lector of Jefferson county, whose re moval was announced yesterday. CONGRESS WILL MEET HAY 19 1 EXTRA SESSION President Issues Cable Call From Paris But Will Not Be Present At Open ing. SENATE LEADERS TO MEET MAY 14 Understood Early Call is Caused By Failure of Last Congress to Make Appro-, priations. ; "Washington, May 7. President "Wil son issued a call by cable today for a special session of congress to meet Monday, May 19. Secretary Tumulty, in making the announcement, said it would be Im possible for the president to be here on the opening day. The date fixed for the special session was much earlier than democratic leaders had expected. . White House of ficlals said that in naming an early date for the session, President Wilson was guided largely by the advice of Secretary Glass as to the necessity of passing annual ap propriation measures which failed in the closing days of the last session. There was no information at the White House either as to the probable time of the return of the president from France or the submission of the peace treaty to the senate, but some administration leaders believed the president had called-the extra 'session earlier than had been expected in or der that congress might perfect its or ganization before' the treaty was ready for consideration. Republicans of the . house virtually have completed their organization, but the senate has done no organization work and( this probably will' occupy its attention for the first week or more of the special session. The house, however, can be considering the ap propriation measures in the meantime. The supply bills that failed in the last congress will be Introduced anew, but the secretary of the treasury has de cided it will not be necessary for the government . departments to submit new estimates. Representative Mondell who will be republican floor leader at the coming session announced today that a con ference of republican house members would be held on May 17. Soon after the president's proclama tion was made public Senator Lodge, ; the republican leader, after a confer ence with Senator Curtis of Kansas, republican whip, issued a call for a republican conference to be held May 14 for the purpose of perfecting an or ganization in the senate. , General expectations are that soon after it meets, the congress will begin investigations into any questions and charges made in connection with the conduct of the war. Republican lead ers, how-ever, have announced no con clusion as to a general investigation. The new congress will be faced with a mass of legislation, immediate ac tion on which will be urged by several government departments. Besides the seven appropriation bills.aggregating more than $4,000,000,000. which failed of passage at the last session, the list of unpassed measures having included all reconstruction legislation, and bills defining the imposing policy, general I railroad legislation and dealing with unemployment, labor and iliteracy problems. , JAPAN WARNS THE CHINESE TO AVOID FRICTION Tokio, May 7. Japan has notified China that anti-Japanese agitation in Peking at present is liable to cause misunderstandings. The Japaanese gov ernment also has advised the Chinese government that it would be well to prohibit the "national disgrace' meet ing planned for today in Peking. PLANE CARRIES COTTON BALE TO FALL RIVER MILL Macon, May 7. A big Martin bomb ing plane carrying four passengers and a bale of cotton left here this morn ing on a non-stop flight for Washing ton. The bale will be delivered by air plane to a Fall River, Mass., mill, man ufactured into cloth and returned here by airplane, thus demonstrating the commercial use of airplanes. The non-stop trip from Macoh ; Washingtop. six hundred and fifty miles, was made in six hours, fifteen minutes. , CHET.HST SAYS filR. ffRAE nouse ana senate JBills to Provide for State Depart ment of Chemistry Unfa vorably Reported AMENDMENT BILL IS SUBJECT OF DEBATE Malone Toll Bridge Bill Passes Senate Stokes Comments on Pending Liquor Legislation. BY HERBERT FELKEL Tallahassee, May 7. The joint com mittee on agriculture - this afternoon voted to report unfavorably the house bill No. 51 and senate bill No. 87, both providing for the establishment of a state department of chemistry. There were but two votes for the bill. ; Commissioner of Agriculture W. A. McRae submitted a voluminous brief to show why the proposed chemistry department should not be established. He alleged that the present state chemist was not a chemist. Like a bolt from the blue came the joint resolution in the senate this morning from Senator . Johnson proposing- to submit the . constitutional amendment repealing that section which provides for a one mill state levy for common schools. After the debate had proceed at length, Senator Turnbull stated that the matter had come up so suddenly he was not pre pared Jto vote on r this time... The introducer moved that it retain its place on the calendar and be inform ally passed over for the present. Senator Johnson gave as his reasons for proposing the measure the fact that the maximum levy . counties may impose was increased last year from seven to ten mills and that the dis tribution of the one mill state levy. Is the principle thing standing in the way of the separation of state and county taxes which would equalize taxation. ': - .... The Malone bill to empower munici palities to purchase toll bridges and ferrys now operated f by . individuals passed the senate without debate. ; In executive session today the senate sustained Governor Catts' removal of J. W. Rast as tax collector of Duval ocunty. ' , - The senate reconsidered the vote of yesterday by which it put to sleep the main , prohibition measure. After the vote, was reconsidered the measure was informally passed over for amendments. In the discussion, Senator Stokes .said that t liquor has more enemies in public and. friends in private than any other institution. He expressed some doubt that if peace is declared before July 1 the war time prohibition act will be put Into effect. Attorney General Van C. Swearing en this afternoon Issued a lengthy statement in reply to Senator Single tary's interview on the latters bill to sell the Everglades. Jones, of Nassau, Introduced a bill In the house to reduce the salary of the adjutant general to $300 per an num. The national service duties of that officer no longer Justify a salary but. the office being constitutional cannot be abolished by legislative en actment. RAINBOW TROOPS GETTING READY TO DEMOBILIZE Camp Merritt, N. J., May 7. A num ber of Rainbow Division troops ' en trained here today for various demob ilization camps. Seventy-six officers and 1,907 men of the 167th Infantry departed for Camps Shelby, Jackson, Custer, Taylor, Bowie and Iort Ogle thorpe; 151st Machine Gun Battalion for Camps Custer and Gordon; detach ments of one officer and 79 men of Jhe 149th Field Artillery, and one officer and eighty-five men of the 151st Field Artillery for Camp Shelby. MAIL SERVICE BY AIR IS SUCCESS SAYS PRAEGER Maeon. Mav 7. The same two air planes equipped with the same motors that made the first regular man trips between Washington and New York a year ago will fly over this route May 15 on the first anniversary or tne es tablishment of aerial service. Second Assistant Postmaster General "praeger said in addressing the Southeastern Aeronautical Congress today. This proved, he said, that the service nao been a success in rain, shine and gales. - STATE MVF A Attorney General Van C. Swearingen " f M A - The many Pensacola friends of At torney . General . Van C. Swearingen, of Florida, are manifesting a great deal of interest in his coming visit here on next Friday evening. Mr. ; Swearingen will address the Masonic fraternity . at the Masonic Temple at 7:30 o'clock, he having been invited to Pensacola for that purpose. Since it become known several days ago that Mr. Swearingen would come to Pensacola on the invitation of local Masons, a number of his political friends, including local union labor leaders, have been endeavoring to ar range a meting for him at one of the local nails to take place after the ses sion at the Masonic Temple, but' so far it Is understood that he has not been definitely heard from concerning such .a meeting. More than usual interest centers in Mr. Swearlngen's visit here at this time in view of the fact that he is ex pected at an early date to formally an nounce his candidacy for governor. WELFARE BILL IS DESIGNED TO AID POOR Senator Baker Made Strong Argument in. Favor of Measure Which Had Origin in Pensacola. BY HERBERT FELKEL Tallahassee, May 7. It was ' by a vote of 20 to 6 that the child welfare bill parsed the senate and was sent houseward. The measure provides for a levy not to exceed one-fourth of a mill to be Imposed by. the county commissioners to raise funds for wid owed mothers or other female rela tives having in their care children who might be deprived of education without such aid. It is optional with the county commissioners as to how much may be expended for this work and they will select the families to be benefited on recommendation of the boards of public instruction. A family receiving aid from the county must have resided in the state one year and the child whose mother is pensioned is required to attend school regularly for the entire term. A child welfare board to supervise this work throughout the state will be operated in connection with the boal of health. It was pointed out by friends of the bill that many counties now maintain poor farms, but that the placing of a mother in such an institution takes her away from her children and is calculated to interfere with their education and proper train ing. This bill seeks to aid needy lam es who would not ordinarily asK for county aid or permit their names to go on the pauper rolls. Senator Baker, the introduced of the measure, tola tne senators it . chance of their lives to vote for a bill that would benefit the poor -children of Florida. "You have voted ic-hpr education and I have al ways voted with you," he said, "now vote for this bill for the poor, orphan children of the rural districts. ; When some of the senators objected to the clause o fthe bill that makes the tax levy mandatory' upon the coun ty commissioners,. Senator Carlton ex plained that the measure read, "shall levy not more than one-fourth of a mill," and he thought any levy less than that would be permlssable. PROPOSED OIL TERMINAL IS i JEOPARDY Threats By Texas Compay . .To Abandon Project Here If City Persists in De mands Held Out. CAUSE IS DISPUTE ABOUT A BULKHEAD Oil Company Authorities Contend Citys Demands Would Add Over $11,000 To Cost Here. With the city officials taking the firm stand that a permanent bulkhead must be constructed by the Texas' Oil company on the west side of its fill along the east side of Olivia street and the company officials maintaining that this would incur an expenditure of from $11,000 to $14,000 more than they had been led to , believe would be necessary in making the foundation and docks for their marine oil termi nals here, it was learned yesterda, that the big project stands in jeoparr". R, P. Dorris, local superintendent the . Texas Oil company here, Stated yesterday afternoon that he feels that if the city authorities are to hold out for tiieir demands for the con struction of the bulkhead, which de mands were not made known to tho company until after the site had been purchased from the Bruce Dry Docks company and work .started about two weeks ago, a grave injustice will be done He asserts that after having gone fully Into tne matter of con structing the terminal here he made estimates of the cost to the company and that the increase indicated in the city's contentions would not only be unfair to the company, but a reflec tion upon himself as welL Mr. . Dorris further asserted that if the differences are to come to a head and injunction proceedings instituted by the city it would mean, in the single item of maintenance of the govern ment dredge . which. has been engaged for the work and which is now work ing, -a daily dead expense, of $450 to the company for the time it might stand idle or for the contract period. In view of this situation, it is the opinion of Mr. Dorris, that unless amicable adjustment of the matter can be arraneed his company might at once divert the equipment now in transit to Pensacola for the terminals to another gulf port, where It owns wharfage and that the project here jmight at once be abandoned, because the company, he said, is averse to lo cating at any point where the city of ficials might assume an antagonistic attitude toward Its operations. "If the additional expenditure had been made known to the company prior to the ' beginning of work i here for the plant, appropriations-by - thj company would have been made ac cordingly or the project passed up,' stated Mr. Dorris, who added that no such requirements have been made in the construction of other projects in the vicinity. . It has been estimated that the ter minal to be built by the Texas com pany here will cost approximately a million dollars and that it means the attraction of a great deal more ship ping for the port. In that it is ex pected to be one of the most modern filling stations for fuel oil burning vessels to be found on the entire gulf coast, not even excepting Port Arthur, where is located the main station of the company. Locals business men who have been made aware of the threatened clash between the city and company official.' express the most earnest hope and the belief that the differences may at once be satisfactorily adjusted with out causing any delay to the enter prise. U. S. MINT IS FLOODED WITH PENNY ORDERS Washington, May 7. Pennies are more in demand than dollars these days of sodawater taxes. Since May 1, when these taxes went into effect, the United States mints and sub-treasuries have beep flooded with orders for millions of one-cent pieces and these coins have been shipped to banks by the bushels. To meet the continued demand, the Philadelphia and Denver mints are working almost exclusively on one cent pieces, and an extra shift of workers has been ordered for the Philadelphia mint. Beginning today 2,000,000 one-cent pieces will be turned out dally. TOMS LOAN WORKERS SHOW FINE RESULTS Total Subscriptions to Date $239,350, Giving Mens Committee Margin of Only $31,450. NAVY DAY FEATURED AT AIR STATION All Workers Are Doing Well Total County Sub scriptions Now Amount to $500,150.00. y i&gggusiSiSKii.sgsigisigs! The Escambia County Liberty Loan committee stated last nighf that there is much disap pointment, not only with the Immediate committee, but all o are closely identified with drive, at the disposition of some towards the Fifth and last Liberty loan. A member of the committee said that it was not a question of "toney. The loan will be sub. ribed, and Escambia coun ty v 11 go over the top com -mlttsa has determined to see that this is accomplished. But the committee feels that those who are deliberately shirking " their duty are flagrantly delin quent, apd at a meeting to be held this morning at Liberty loan headquarters, some deci sion will be made as to what -steps should be taken by the : committee to register, the, pro test of loyal Pensacolians against those who are well able to subscribe, and who yet re fuse to bear their just share of the Fifth loan. m ''St- SI 81 SI S3 m is m W" 3? Si i if . l v i .', . i ? i . .. 1 1 i i.i"? i -( - i.- jor'a r.aval '.c station ye .r.lay vr.h j ; patriotic r-xXly in which all nil3te-d men took part, speeches in support" of the Victory loan arousing the men to even greater enthusiasm in plac-; ing the Pensacola station on record, as one of the most generous In its subscriptions to the Fifth loan. The entire personnel of the ' Navy and Marine forces took part In the celebration, which was particularly for the enlisted men of the service, and addresses were made by Captain F. M. Bennett, commandant at the station; Major Paul Crank, Just returned from " oversea duty; W. II. Watson, presi dent of the Rotary Club and J. M. Muldon, chairman of the Escambia county Liberty loan committee. In every drive, the men of the Navy have done splendid work, and both enlisted men and civilians have been most active In every .drive which has been made for the government. While enlisted men were particular ly active yesterday, the civilian mem bers of the service did well their part, too, one solicitor receiving a subscrip tion of $3,000. Snubscriptions for the Escambia County Liberty loan committee yester day totalled $500,150.00 making it necessary to raise " more than two hundred thousand dollars in the next three days of the loan. . The Woman's Committee. The Escambia County Woman's Committee has accomplished some wonderful results, subscriptions, to date, tabulating $239,350.00. giving the the men's committee only a margin the men's commltteeonly a margin of $31,450.00, which the women expect to easily overcome today. A mem ber of the woman's committee said last night. "This is a fifty-fifty irdve. But we do not intend to stop at fifty-fifty. After we raise our own, quota, which is just half of the sub scription, we expect to go right on. until the loan is over the top. A report from the state headquar ters of the woman's division, saws; "Counties are reporting slowly and although quite a number have gone over the top the, figures to date are very incomplete. The women havo given valiant service in this, as in other loana, and it would have been impossible to have conducted the cam paign without them, many of the men chairmen have been frank to say, as well as the men state loan officials. "In all three zone conferences tha men voted unanimously that both men and women's committees should work as a unit and each share equal ly the credit of the entire sales of bonds in the state, and the reports are on that basis, although the wom en have been directed to give addi tional report to the state chairman. This plan has been worked successful ly in many states.