la ,4ir"S foot
DAILY WEEKLY S UN DAY
Journal Publishing Company
LOIS K, MATES, President and General Manager.
Conducted from 1892 to 1916 Under the Edlflorshtp and
Management of Cot. Frank L. Mayes.
MEMBER ASSOC1 AT ED PRESS
American Xewspape Publlsfcers Association
Florida Prees Association
Southern Newspaper Publishers' Association
t SUBSCRIPTION BATES: " "
One Week, Daily and Sunday .. ...........f .15
Two Weeks. Oally and Sunday . . 4 ,. .Z5
One Month. Dally and Sunday ....... .55
Three Months. Dally and Sunday l.5
KIt Months. DaUy and Sunday ........ a.ue
One Tear, DeJJv and JSunday , . .6
Kundav Only, One Tear 1.5
The Weeklv Journal, One Ter 1.00
Mall subscriptions are payab1- tn advance, and papers
win be discontinued on expiration date.
OFFICE " PHONES :.
Journal IMdr. Cor. a:- Editorial Rooms. S8
mtendencla and De- -ShP President ....... 43
Luna Streets. Business Office. .1600
The Associated Press la exclusively entitled to the use
for repablicatlon of all news credited to It or not other
wise credited In this paper and also to local news pub
lished. ' v., -
Entered as second class, matter at the poatofflce 1b
Pensaeola, Florida, under Act of Congress. March , lt7i
Represented In the General Advertising; Field By
CONE, LORENZEN & WOODMAN
New York. -Chicago. Detroit. Kansas City, Atlanta ,
THURSDAY MORNING. MAY t. 1919
COMMUNITY LIFE ADVOCATED.
Community life, rather than needless rural
isolation, for the returned soldier is the end aim
ed at by Secretary William B. Wilson, of the De
partment of Labor, in his plans for reconstruc
tion and development of the nation's resources,
an outline of which is given in an article on em
ployment by Benton Mackaye in the Monthly
Labor Review for April. The community idea
has been carefully worked out in the bill intro
duced in the last congress by Representative M.
Clyde Kelly of Pennsylvania. The bill will be
presented by Mr. Kelly again when congresscon
venes in extra session,
The provisions of the Kelly bill would be car
ried out under the direction of a national board
to consist of the secretaries of labor, agricul
ture and the interior. ; A United States construc
tion service, organized by the national board,
would have charge of the projects provided for
in the bill. ; " "
A program for general colonization and de
velopment is planned which includes in addition
to agricultural settlement, permanent forest and
coal mining communities, as well as the build-
ing oi roaas ana pumic improvements in connec
tion with such development.
In the plans for agricultural development ef
fort is made to profit by the lessons taught in the
oeitlement of western lands under the home
stead laws after the Civil war. It is purposed,
" refore, to establish communities of ready
made farms on land which has been determined
by expert survey and analysis to be capable of
It is Secretary Wilson's belief that the pros
pect of pioneering on raw, unproved land will not
be alluring to the returned soldier, and further,
that he should not be required to isolate him
self in his efforts to win a home, especially as
the more attractive plan of community life on
proved agricultural land is entirely feasible.
It is recognized that one of the evils attendant
upon the soldier settlement movement following
the Civil war was the tide of speculation and in-
xiAnvn ox ia.au. vsiues wmcn set m at me same
time. In the Kelly bill provision is made to guard
the settler against the consequences of manipu
lation and speculation. It is provided that the
fee simple title to all land reserved or purchased
for. purposes of community settlement shall re
main forever in the United States or in the par
ticular state that makes the purchase. Farm
lands shall be allotted in areas sufficient for f am
ily use and during such period only as the settler
shall continue to reside on and use such land.
Under operation of the old homestead law,
with its grant of fee-simple title," the pioneers of
the west suffered greatly through the operations
of speculators and "boomers." The title became
an object of barter and commerce and where it
did not pass from the original locator to the spec
ulator, it frequently enabled the holder to exact
unreasonable rental for use of the land from a
needy, tenant. In all cases the alienation of title
from the government tended to retard develop
ment and proved of no benefit to the settler.
Any colony or community settlement based on
individual fee titles is doomed atvthe start. It
i3 .only a question of time before it disintegrates
into individual estates. The way to preserve its
integrity and maintain a uniform system of in
dividual use is for the colony itself, or the state,
,ii hold the fee and thus control the individual
use. Individual title dependent on use is the only
vital part of the secretary's land policy.
Preparation of lands for community farms
would furnish immediate employment in con
structive work. Such employment would prove
doubly attractive to the returned soldier, who
would see in the results of his labor the begin
ning of a permanent farm home for himself.
PUDHHJLL JLQ STATE FUNDS
Eedseiaoa of freis&i rates xrpoa speelfi&J ai
baH2iB3 xsateri&Ia ts3sea for uss in federal state,
cemziy, parish, . femasMp jot' wa&d&al .. sonftta
meat rcsd wurX amaooaead Ajeil 11 by Wa&ssr
D. IHxics, director general of railroads, TtriH af
fect projects in every state In the Union. It
&hazM give impetus to wcA for "which $77,600,
000 of federal funds are available cp to the end
of 1919, the limit of the new schedule, according
to the division of public work3 and construction
development, information and education service,
United States Department of Labor.
AH rbads tinder federal control are authorized
to apply rates of 10 per cent a ton less than the
regularly published tariff rates for transporta
tion on carload shipments of stone (broken,
crashed, and ground), slag, shells, chatts, cherts,
sand and gravel shipped daring the period from
May 1 to December 31, 1919. A minimum charge
of 40 cents a ton is stipulated, except when the
regular rate is less, and then the established rate
will be charged. The reduced rates are to apply
only on bona fide government material where the
freight charges saved will accrue to the govern
ment. ' . ' " : .' " ,; v ' . : J
The $77,600,000 of federal money available for
road building is really but the nucleus of an im
mense fund that will accrue to the nation for
road building when the plans outlined by the
separate states are worked out. All the states
have appropriated large amounts for highways,
and many of these are now expecting to increase
their road-building appropriations. There are
now dependent on legislation or bond issues ap
propriations amounting to more than $750,000,
000. , While only part of this amount, could be
made available for 1919, there is enough money
within reach"to give a good start to the most am
bitious nationwide scheme for constructing high
ways that in time may feed one great transcon
tinental boulevard which will stretch from ocean
to ocean. !
- Since the possibilities of motor-transport ser-j
vice have been demonstrated in the war there is
a new interest in road building. One of the states
most alive to the demand for good roads is Minn-1
esota, which hopes to spend $100,000,000. Texas
has a $75,0000,000 program, while Illinois, Kan-1
sas and Missouri have fixed $60,000,000 as the
estimate of cost for improved highways.
It is admitted in the "United States Department
of Labor, which has oeen investigating condi
tions, that present construction costs are much
higher than the prewar level. The reduction of
freight rates will encourage the beginning of ex
tensive operations without delay, it is believed,
although most authorities on finance and eco
nomics are agreed that the old scale .of prices for
materials will not be re-established. For that
reason the government's division of public works
and construction development ; takes the view
that it is good business for the states to engage
in carrying out their plans without delay.
3339 2232222528223233 :?2322SS5S3233
naa ie ra fswr averaor. la fad, a
annoancmit u tokls fwturo ot
icl anabitlona a axpecto to b
in a r-w weeks, in his address, feero.
Mr. Clark mada tha statement that ho
wooiI tight fr tho rafund of Illegal
Cmi "War cotton tax as Ion aa l
rejaaiaea la eoneress. Bui w
know that congress la eompoa4 of
two brancnea, Mr. Clark made a raost
rarorablo Impraalon here. Members
who bad never seen him. before said
after hearing bis speech they would
vote tor him for anything- fat wanted.
Representative Hamp Jones, of Naa
sau, says material evidence as to
whether or not a tick will get on any
thing but a cow was grained fey those
members who went to the Wakulla
picnic and sat around on logs r and
things. Somebody else said H was a
cinch nobody could go through
picnic without a scratch. And whUe
the punning was going good, another
suggested that all the watches be
dipped In the springs to eradicate the
ticks. j .
The clerks of the pension board ask
that it be made clear that what the
legislature has done in the way of
raising the monthly allowance for the
Confederate veterans also applies to
the widows of veterans. The head
lines, over recent stories of pension
legislation have mentioned veterans
more than widows with the result that
letters have come filing into the pen
slo ' nof fices from widows asking if
they were included in the increases
granted. None of the bills has passed
bQth houses, but whatever raise is
finally agreed to for the veterans will
apply to the widows as well.
FREEDOM FROM FEAR.
The habit of saving will enable us to earn
Two bills of especial interest to Du
val county were introduced today by
And in a way other than accumulating interest vnie, representing the isth district.
A healthy boom for , Carlton for
governor has been-launched by the fel
low senators of the young and bril
liant Tampan. Some of the attaches
of the senate have caucused and
unanimously endorsed Senator Carlton
and at least a dozen senators have re
quested the correspondent to mention
the fact. ; He has made a fine Impres
sion at the capital. He is a hard work
er, consciencious, able and square. His
record is clean and his youth will
appeal to many.
Former Governors W. S. Jennings
and Albert W. Gilchrist ate at - the
same table in the Leon Hotel dining-
room this morning. At the Wakulla
picnic Governor Catts was introduced
as the greatest governor Florida ever
had, and i was : suggested today that
possibly . Messrs. ; Jennings and Gil
christ came up to see about that. Sen
ator Trammell thus far has kept away
fro mthe legislature, but maybe now
he, too, will put in an appearance.
Apropos of the pending bill to au
thorize the sae of all tax certificates
held by the sate for their face value.
canceling the accumulated interest so
as to restore to the tax books the vast
acreage of lands now held in the name
of the state, figures have been se
cured by Senator King from the state
comptroller showing that such prop
erty at this time amounts to 2,069,754
acres, valued at f 13,080,251.
and the honest opportunities always, open to the
man with cash.
A man with only a job between himself and
the immediate bread and butter problem must
stay right on that job. ,
A man with even a small amount in saving can
afford the time to hunt a better job and can ex
periment with himself for enlarged opportunity
and increased earnings.
The thing most of us fear most is this bread
and butter problem.
Saving will eliminate this fear.
And even though a man might not withdraw a
dollar from his savings while seeking a better
job, yet his accumulation gives him moral sup
port, the courage to act in improving his condi
The courage of most of us can be measured to
the degree that we are away from the immediate
problem the bread and butter problem
Then, free from the paralyzing influence of
fear, we might all do better work and see en
larged opportunity in our present jobs.
One of the best, and undoubtedly the safest in
vestment for the man of small means, comes
through the purchase of Liberty bonds.
One of the first women to hold a position in
the diplomatic service of the United States was
Miss Jessie Coggeshall, daughter of William T.
Coggeshall, an Ohio editor and politician. When,
in 1866, Mr. Cogeshall was appointed United
States minister to Ecuador, his daughter accom
panied him as secretary of legation and had
charge of the office for four months after his
and by waiver of the rules were read a
second and third time, passed and cer
tified immediately to the house. . Both
are local measures.
Iroday brought in two bills and Chalr
man Turner had them placed on the
calendar of bills on second reading
One permits the Use of pound nets or
fish traps, and the other punishes any
person found with an unlawful net or
other fishing apparatus in his posses
sion. -A general fish bill introduced by
Senator Butler amends the present
state fish laws so as to strike from
them the words "for sale," prohibiting
the catching of certain fish in given
seasons "for safe" or for any other
The game committee today brought
in a bill which changes the present
provisions as to licenses to hunt and
provides for the appointment of a
state game warden by the governor.
The effects of the night before on
the morning after were quite notice
able in the halls of legislation when
the roll was1 called yesterday at the
beginning of the day's session. In this,
however, John Barleycorn had no part,
unless It was by omission. It was the
late hours kept at the governor's re
ception and the still later ones after
It was over, discussing the evening.
Provision is made for payment in lieu of taxe3
by the United States to the state or community
for land colonized under the bill.
Instead of talking about adjourning
by the 15th of this month, more peo
ple are now wondering if the com-
pulstory dipping and the other com
pulsory matters will be disposed of by
that time. House bill No. 3, the one
that has consumed nearly all of this
week in the house, is only one of sev
eral measures pending that makes the
red blood of some Americans quicken
at its very mention.
"The previous question," is the
nightmare of every loquacious legis
lator. It leaves them with a speech
in their system which of times has to
soak for days before an opportunity
is again given to i get It off. A man
can make himself mighty unpopular
by the indiscriminate use of that wea
pon to close debate.
Nature is usually very generous, but she
never puts prejudice and brains in the same
"The people." The mere sound of
the much worn and greatly abused
term is enough to make some folks
weak at the knees. Mr. Wicker, of
Sumter county, is not one of that kind,
but he has knowldge of the weakness -of
certain persons, and he knows a
good weapon when he sees it 'laying
One eff ths diilsiiv otisifities of food
fea&cd yzdth. X&yal 'B&Mrxg -Powder is
This is health ittscn &ufc& "Vital
Important that tmMntx of women
bnlis at fromts jist to be sure that
Soyal Baking Powder fe tisecL
Remember the adage "Bake it with
Royal and be sure
fludtfMSB 1uja j VefagJjSP
Itlado from Cream of Tartar derived from grapes
Royal Contains No Alum
Ieavcs No Bitter Tasto
around. He also despises the previous
question, hence this remark from him
on Friday during the heated .debate
in the house: "You may calt the pre
vious question, but the people have
their eyes on you."
Believing the motion on Friday was
to refer the bill under discussion to the
live stock sanitary board, when it was
really moved to refer it to the live
stock committee, Mr. Jones of Nas
sau county exclaimed; "You anight
as well go to the devil with prayer as
to send this bill to that board and ex
pect them to go down . in their own
HEAD QUARTERS FOR
CAMPAIG N OPEN
"I'll bet you everything in the world,"
exclaimed Mr. Strom of Gadsden coun
ty, in debate on Friday. Some bet.
GRAY HfilR DARK
The Salvation Army . Home Service
campaign has been formaly opened in
Pensaeola, with the establishment of zone
headquarters at '- the San , Carlos hotel.
While only the work preliminary will
r a taken up before the close of the Lib
erty ' Loan campaign, all machinery of
the drive will be' put In running order.
to facilitate the launching of the.; cam
paign, Maq 19-26.
W. G. Green, zone director, has return
ed from Birmingham where he . has been
in conference with none managers. ,
Jdr. Green reports some excellent work
in the plans that ar- being laid to
make the campaign for the Salvation
army Home Service fund one of the
greatest ever launched - in this section
Z the south.
Bring Back Color and
Lustre to Hair
OF BAD BLOOD
Pimples on the face, bunches in the
neck, sallow and swarthy complexion,
sores, ulcers, mucous patches, copper
colored spots, scaly skin affections,
constipation, inactive liver, dyspepsia
and stomach tropbles are common
symptoms of poisoned blood. There
is no remedy offered today to the (pub
lic that has so successfully cured these
diseases as "Number 40 For The
Blood." .An old doctor's prescrlptioa
containing the most reliable altera
tives known to medical science.
Put up by J.. C. Mendenhall, Evans
ville, Ind.r 40 years a druggist. Sold
by Crystal Pharmacy. Adv.
That beautiful, even shade of dark,
glossy hair can only be had by brewing
amixtur e of Sage Tea and Sulphur.
your hair is your cnann. it maxes or i
mars the face. When it fades, turns J
gray or streaked, just an application!
or two of Sage and Sulphur enhances
its appearance a hundredfold.
Don't bother to prepare the mixture;
you can get this famous old recipe Im
proved by the addition of other ingred
ients for 50 cents a large bottle, all
ready for use. It is called Wyeth's Sage
and Sulphur Compound. This can al-"
ways be depended upon to bring back
the natural color and - lustre of your
hair. ' : ' .
Everybody uses ''Wyeth's Sage and
Sulphur Compound now ' because it
darkens so naturally and evenly that
nobody can tell It has been applied.
You simply dampen a sponge or soft
brush with it and draw this through
the hair, taking one small strand at
a time; by morning the gray hair hf.s
disappeared, and after another appli
cation it becomes beautifully dark and
appears glossy and lustrous. This
ready-to-use preparation is a delight
ful toilet requisite for those who desire
dark hair and a youthful appearance.
It Is not intended for the cure, mitiga
tion or prevention of disease. Adv.
The Kiddies Enjoy
This pure, fragrant emollient is just
suited to the tender skins of infants
and children. Mill
no other since birth. The daily use
of it. with touches of Cintment now
and then to little skin
troubles, tends to insure a healthy
skin, a clean scaljv and good h?ir
throueh life. Soao. Oi
Talcum 25 cents each even-where.
ra.nc of Cuticsra Talcum n mr aicm.
When you ask for lime juice
to be added to some other
drink by the fountain boy,
generally you get too little or
too much. Instead tell him to
give you a bottle of delicious
In it you get the refreshing
qualities and exquisite flavor
of the good cola drink and ex
actly the right amount of pure
lime juice to give the tang
Lime Cola il put up only in ster
ilized bottles. Aslc for it wher
ever good drinks sre served,
xml | txt