Newspaper Page Text
VoOR FLORIDA Local thun- 63
f der ,hower Saturday except N I fair in northwest portion. Sun- 13 I jv crobably fair with gentle 63 H Read the Journal ad- a a vertisements. They have 58 B a message for you. e ' variable winds. ES VOL. XXII NO. 129. PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, SATURDAY.MORNING, MAY 10, 1919. PRICE FIVE CENTS lb WW i ITALIAN ISSU SnUDEDIK BREAK SAY f . It is Understood That Presi dent Wilson Has Not Ad hered to Proposed Fiume Compromise. GERMAN LEADERS "STUNNED" BY PACT Most of Official Washington is Said to Be Withholding Comment Until Meeting of Congress- Paris, May 9.- The Italian difficulty is as far from a settle ment as ever, according to the French press which asserts President Wilson maintains his j position and it is not believed he will depart from it in the slight est. . President Wilson has not ad hered, it is said, to the proposed compromise, by which Italy would administer Fiume as : mandatory of the League of Nations until 1923, after which Fiume would revert to Italy, the Jugo Slavs being given a port a few miles down the Adriatic. Berne, Switzerland, May 9. The German national assembly has been called to a meeting in Berlin Monday. -May 12. Berlin, May 8. Parliamentarv lead- 1 ers of all factions are here to attend the committee meeting preliminary to j opening: the national assembly on May j 12. They admit they are stunned by : !he severity of the proposed peace terms. Beyond casual comment, how ever, they declined to discuss the en . tente's condition or forecast the as sembly's probable attitude. , The people, thougrh fairly-stricken ; dumb by the terms, are now recovering sufficiently to declare Germany cannot j im win not sign me compact no mat- ier wnai comes. Strikes are increasing and Bolshev ism and Spartacan uprisings of the past two" months have. If anything, made the Germans immune to the pos sible horrors which are to be antici pated if they are again plunged into war, according to 'the best opinion here. A .. Washington, May 9. Authoritative statements of opinion by most sena tors on the treaty of Versailles prob JMy won't be forthcoming until .after congress meets in extra session! The republican leaders have announced tneir determination not to give final conclusions .until they have had op portunity to study the full text and the understanding now is that the document won't be made public until after it is signed. ' Senator Borah, in a letter to the 3itor of the Boston Transcript, asked the republican party to state Its po rtion on the League of Nations, inti mating; that should approval be given 'oukl quit the party. Responding to ai inquiry from Sec tary Turmuty, President Wilson wbled today that he had promised mnce to propose to the senate with the peace treaty, a. "supplement," in which we shall agree subject to ap proval of the council of the League of Nations, to come immediately to the aistanee of France in case of un provoked attack by Germany. r Paris, May 9. After Paul Hymana, head of the Belgian delegation, had cussed the rights of Belgium in Ger man East Africa today, Lloyd George telegraphed Viscount Milner, secretary w colonies, to come to Paris. On his a'rVal (lUestins concerning the East. -ican mandate will be considered fam- Belgium had expressed dissat Waction with Great Britain being fcade mandatory over East Africa. TJle Chinese delegation to the peace nference in Paris-has received cable tructions from Peking to sign the -ace treaty because of the settlement aae m the Kiao ChaU and Shantung furoversy, by which Japan was given German rights in iVi svxmH.n. Te Chinese peace conference at sotTtf hal where the northern and f "thern governments are endeavor-r-g to settle their differences, has sent 'ttilar instructions to the Paris dele sates. . Jhls news confirms A recent dis patches from TAlrlna- tko( IV, ft-1 sernment would not agree to - the s;on of the council of four. Serious sor-Wo v i ... .. r. . oeen reportea rrom tne J-aese capital since last Sunday and report from American Minister Paul emsch to Secretary of State Lans m Paris, yesterday stated that eng was cut off from telegraphic ramun:cati0n wJth tfae outslde worl3 "A the PYPTNn r i.- northward into Siberia, council of font- to r-v:- . ; ' on the program to be followed in "srouations with German-Aus- I.'" ntht the Italian claims to terri- ria"t eastem snores of th EBASFAPiFROLI OF AS AT TEE OF RT AWYIISTS ! 4 ' 4 if n i H I" ... i ,il r s ? This is the Hun coat-of -arms and "Gott mit Uns (God with us) inscrip tion on the prow of one of the German U-boats just brought to- this country and anchored at Brooklyn navy yard. ggg g is is i; IS 5 NEWS IN BRIEF s g , FROM ALL OVER TH3Z UNIVERSE 1SB1 Berlin, May 9. The military authori ties have taken posession of Mansion House, the official residence of the Lord Mayor. Washington, "May " 9. Victory loan subscriptions .tonight totalled three billion, three hundred fifteen million leaving nearly a billion two hundred million to be subscribed in the single remaining day of the campaign. Atlanta, May 9. More than twenty five million dollars must be raised Sat urday to complete Atlanta districts' hundred forty four milllori quota to the Victory -loan it wjls announced, at headquarters tonight. '', New Orleans, May 9.--The transr port Kilpa trick with fourteen hundred members of the Thirty-third regiment arrived here today from Panama. The men " will be entrained tonight for Camp Shelby for demobilization. Na co, Ariz., May 9. American cus tom officials Tiere received a report this afternopn that Mayor Rocha of Cananea, was kidnapped by "bandits when they raided. the mining town last night and was carried away to be held for random. " ' Montgomery, Ala., Afay 9. The U-83 former German submarine, manned, by. a prize crew of United States sailors, is enroute to American waters, where it will be exhibited. The craft which is of the latest type will visit Mo bile and Pensacola. , Montgomery, Ala, May 9. The base hospital at Camp Sheridan, near" here, has been ordered , closed by the United States Public Health service. This an nouncement was made today by Sur geon J. P. Burkhalter, who has been in charge of the hospital for several. Mexico City, .Thursday, May 8. Comment by the Mexico City press on the terms of peace communicated to the Germans at Versailles on Wed nesday is confined to the Universal, which says, in part: "The best provision of the treaty is that for the punishment of the former Emperor as proof that no auto crat can ' without punishment, ruin -a people and cause Injuries to human ity." - " .; :," ' : GROCERS FAVOR RETURN OF ROADS PRIVATE OWNERS New Orleans, May 9. Delegates to the victory convention here of the Southern Wholesale Grocers conven tion late today adopted a resolution favoring the return of railroads, tele phone and telegraph wires to private ownership with proper supervision an? protesting against what they termed the preferential rates now enjoyed bv packers for . transporting other than fresh meats. J. P. McLaurin, of Jacksonville, was re-elected president for the tenth term. COUNTY SQIOOL MDHAYf ISSUE BONDS Senate Passes Pensacola High ScHool Bill Which Had Previously Passed the House. HOUSE PASSES TICK ERADICATION BILL Personnel of Live Stock Board to Embrace School Superintendents and State Officials. The Caros bill giving the Es cambia school board the right to Issue bonds and bur a high school site which had previous ly : passed the house, went through the cenate today, Stokes taking, it up by waiver of the "rules and passing it. m m Hi m m is is Senator Eaton introduced a bill in the senate today to increase the .sal aries of all members of the cabinet from thirty-six hundred dollars to four thousand a year. The bill provides for the payment of all fees into the treas ury. " House Business. After' a debate lasting the greater part of the day, the house just before adjournment at 6: 30 passed ' a com mittee substitute bill providing for compulsory cattle dipping. The bill had been masculated ,by amendments be fore the ballot was reached until some of its friends disowned it but even in its present shape it will give state wide compulsory tick eradication. The fight against compulsory cattle dipping 'has been the hardest yet waged in the house this session. The orig inal bill introduced by Futch, of Lake, was defeated four days ago when the opposition offered an amendment look ing toward federal aid. The bill with this amendment was recommitted, the committee offering the present bill as a substitute for Ihe Futch bill and itr companion measure. As passed in the house today, the appropriation was reduced one hundred an"d"fty-tlKrusarrd to- seventy-ftve fop expenses for the State Sanitary Live Stock Board in putting into 'effect compulsory dipping and control of hog cholera and other animal diseases. The personnel of the board was reduced and will be composed of the comp troller, the commissioner of. agricul ture, the superintendent of schools and the state treasurer. Free vats and dipping facilities will be "provided by county commissioners, a record "of animal dipped will be j kept for information and tax assess ment purposes, owners win De paid for loss of cattle from dipping and a two-mill levy will be imposed for carrviner out the law. Weaver of Lafayette made an able argument against the bill this afternoon and Mathis of Homes made a strong de fence. ' The house this morning adopted a resolution by Mr. Storm of Gadsden, calling on the" adjutant general of Florida to furnish an itemized state ment of disbursements of the appro priation for the maintenance of . state troops. STEAMER WELKA TO BE LAUNCHED NEXT SATURDAY The 9,000 ton steamer Welka. build ing at the Pensacola Shipbuilding com pany, will be launched at high tide next Saturday, it was announced yes terday. This,will be the second launch ing at the Pensacola yards and a large number of people will be In vited to view the ceremony. The sponsor .for the ship has not been an nounced yet but full details of the launching will be made public in a few days. ' The next ship to be launched at the local yard will probably be called the Rockford, although a' strong movement is under way to have one of the ships named for this city or for the county. The steamer Cushnoc, first ship built here, is practically ready to go to sea and her first port of call will prob ably he New Orleans. Work at the ship yard has speeded up considerably during the last few days because of the assurance by Sen ator Fletcher that the yard will be permanent. " 'V PRICE FIXING . BOARD RESIGNS AFTER SQUABBLE Washington, May 9. Governmental efforts to hasten the return of in -dustry to normal peace time activity by stabilizing prices through the in dustrial board of the department of commerce ended today with the board's resignation. The board's res ignation followed a final unsuccessful effort yesterday to bring the railroad administration and the steel producer, to an agreement on prices. .With the dissolution of the industrial board the natural forces of supply and demand will be left to readjust prices from war levels to those of peace. Di rector Hines announced yesterday that the railroad administration would re turn to the old system of competitive bidding in placing its orders. BO I0V TIME FOR SERIOUS TO ADOPT SAFEST. SANEST COURSE The Journal learns with amaze . for the signature of citizens professing a desire tor a mot o tensive sewer age system in Pensacola, Is it fully understood by all those signing what the undertaking entails? 1. Do they realize that it will require at least "two years and a million dollars," to sum it tersely. 2. That there are several hundred houses, or were until recently, which could connect with the present system if they had so desired. 3. That it will make, for expense unbearable in many instances. - - , 4. That it will create confusion in the present plans to install a decent ly sanitary system right now when it is sorely needed. We believe that if it were at all possible complete sewerage is the best thing for a city, nobody can or does deny that. But this is a question that has been discussed very much with the city authorities within the past sev- . eral months and the way is not clear. On the other hand all right thinking people agree that "something must be done." - The box-and-can privy system with proper scavenger service has been proven a' success in' other towns and cities where sewers were not possible or were held up indefinitely. It was not decided upon in a hap-hazard man ner nor as a make-shift, tit was devised by practical minds and installed by able hands. ' The work of installation in Pensacola has been going on in a much more orderly and willing manner than the few legal suits and other public dis turbances in the way of "kicks" would indicate. There were over 2,500 gross ly insanitary privies existing. Over 1,000 of these have already been rem edied according to, specifications. Hundreds more stand ready to do like wise aS soon as the air of donbt and suspicion, and greed for pecuniary gain is cleared." Those who are fortunate enough to live in the sewered section may not Bee these conditions but they are not difficult to find. f He who has eyes let him see, (or a nose.) It seems that'no objections should spring up until the work for bettering conditions is so well along. Those who have complied with the law and made their modest expenditure for safety decency will have a word to say. It all comes back to the original proposition that better disposal of human wastes is a crying need of the hour. But we must be practical about how it will be handled. Before we rush to the polls with a bond issue let us count the cost in dollars and health. This is really, a question of life and death before another summer is upon us. Be careful how we fog the issue. v Will those who object to a modest expenditure now in rendering their property safe and sanitary gladly pay ten to fifty times as much for a sys tem which can't be extended short of two years? All credit to those who would raise the sanitary standards of the city. But beware of the ulterior motive. This is a time for honest, serious, and practical minded men to con eider the safest and sanest course. , .. r, . . , , ZONE WORKERS I SALVATION DRIVE ACTIV! Interest of Newspapers and Ministers Being Elicited By Zone Chairman Bi S. Hancock. With the opening of zone headquar ters at the San Carlos hotel, the cam paign for the. Salvation Army homq service; fund - has '; fccttrfrthctelly; launched; and Zone Chairman B. S. Hancock is already lining up forces for the drive. , - Mr. Hancock ' last " night sent out letters to editors of daily and weekly papers, in this district and to the min isters of the city, urging their co operation in the drive. i The letter follows: ; "Preparations. are going forward for a Salvation Army drive, the success of ' which .Is greatly dependent upon the daily and weekly papers through out the entire district of West Florida. "The chairmen of - the district are relying on this cooperation in prose cuting the' campaign May 19th to May 26th inclusive, and will from time to time ' furnish the press with advertis ing matter and news stories relative to the drive. , "A. quota of $35,000 . has been as sessed this zone; which embraces your county, and it is hoped that the inten sity of the drive will bring every citi zen to realize that he . can by , somi special effort or some special sacri fice contribute to the institution which has protected and supported- the men of the nation during the war. "Very sincerely 'yours, " , "B. S. HANCOCK, "Zone Chairman." Mr. Hancock requests that any min ister in the zone who has not received the following letter phone him at once, as he wishes to meet with the coopera tion of every pastor in the city and district: ". "Dear Sir:. Can we count on you to do all in- your power to - aid ,in the coming campaign for the Salvation Army, from May 19th to May 26th? And will it be possible foryou to give a sermon on Sunday, May 18th, the day before the drive begins? ; "A quota of $35,000 has been as sessed to this zone, and we are de pending upon you ministers to assist in a; large degree in raising this 'sum. "In a few ' days some 'suggestions that you may use in your sermon on Salvation Army Day, May 18th, will be mailed you, and this day will be one of the of the feature days of this national campaign. "May I hear from you immediately with ' reference to this? - ? - "Very sincerely yours, B. S. HANCOCK.' "Zone Chairman.' CHIPLEY VOTES $60,000.00 FOR A SEWAGE SYSTEM Chilpey, May 9. Chipley joined the procession for better sanitation today when as the result of a general town election it was voted almost unani mously to raise by bonds $60,000 for a sewerage system. State Sanitary En gineer Simons and Dr. M. E. Quina o fPensacola have been Interested In the move. . . .... , . . MINDED MEN "-H 'tueui- tnr STATE BANKS WILLDOFULL PART IN Responses to Urgent Appeal Sent Out By State Comp troller Are Most Encour aging. Tallahassee, May 9. .rnly yesterday the United States Victory Loan offi cials advised State Comptroller Ernest Amos that from the information at hand the-Victory Loan was falling be hind and every effort was needed to make the loan a-success in this state, as well as throughout the nation. Comptroller Amos immediately de cided to call upon all of the state banks, asking them to lend their as sistance and best efforts towards mak ing the Victory Loan a success. The following telegram was , dis patched to all the state banks and trust companies in Florida: "Re ported that state is falling be hind in Victory .Loan drive. I re spectfully urge that state b'anks com to the government's aid and subscribe to the utmost to make this loan a complete success." The comptroller is much pleased with responses that have been coming into his office during the day: A num ber of the state banks and trust com panies have wired, pledging their co operation to the fullest extent. ; Mr. Amos stated, when asked whit the situation was today, that the state banks and trust-companies of Florida had done their full part in the four previous Liberty Loans, and he f eli confident that they will keep up this record in the present Victory Loan drive. ' . AMERICAN LEGION DECLINES TO ASK POLITICAL FAVOR ; ict t..,'o Mn . Mav 9. Virtually every measure of a political nature was eliminated from the American t no H.MS uhan th national res olutions committee late today voted to 1 rAanliitinns which it wiiuuiavf ' was contended would give the organi zation a political appearance, niumucu was one. urging the abolition of the war time prohibition measure until the verseas soldiers returned and another requesting congress to place the na tional guard and the regular army on an equal footing. nLI Mavnr Thnmnson were niuagu ail .v.. - bitterly denounced by the Speakers as unpatriotic when the question of the next convention came before the leg ion. Afterwards led by the Oregon delegation, delegates began ' tearing down signs boosting jm-aBu. xvim.i polis was finally selected. SEAPLANE NC-4 ARRIVES SAFELY AT CHATAM, MASS. Washington. May 9. The postpone ment, of the flight of the two navy Arians from Halifax to Trepassy bay until tomorrow, officially reported today, did not dampen naval officials enthusiastic regard of prospects for the successful accomplishment of the trans-Atlantic flight, plans for which are - going ahead. The arrival of seaplane NC-4. held up yesterday by engine trouble at Chatham Light. . Mass.. early today, ended anxiety as to the safety of tht flying boat and its crew. - Trepassey, N. F., May 9. The last of the-guard ships detailed for th third leg of the navy's trans-Atlantic seaplane flight left here tonight for their stations. DRIVE URG WEST FLORIDA ZONE EXPECTED TO BE FIRST I DISTRICT TO GO OVER WITH HER FULL QUOTA H 1 JUTS '"C-.v-. This queer looking telephone knows its master's voice. Anyhow, ' it carries no sound but the voice that speaks Into it. Result: An aviator in a whirl ing plane can talk by wireless with the ground and none of the noise of his motor is heard. It's called the magna vox and an ti-noise transmitter and it J is the invention of three 'Frisco men, E. S. Prindham, P. L. Jensen and O. B. Moorehead. . With it . an airman talked to a crowd in front of the treas ury building from a height of 2,000 feet.- ,. MR. SWEARMGEN ED HEARERS TO BUY BONDS Contrary to Expectations on Part of Some Attorney General Failed . to An - nounce for Governor. " Contrary - to- " general expectations, Attorney General Van C. Swearlngen failed to announce himself as a can didate for the office of governor in his speech at the Woodmen hall. West Garden street, last night. He did, however, make a most persuasive ap peal to the laboring men of Pensacola, whom he addressed, to accept their part and privilege in the purchase of Victory Bonds on the one remaining day of the sale. I It ' is generally un derstood he will announce his candi dacy in due time . The -meeting was held by the ar rangement of the Blacksmith's Union of the city, of which trade Mr. Swear ingen was an-active member ten years ago, before his entry into public life. Most of the labor unions of Pensacola were represented at the meeting, and Z. D. Cunningham, of the blacksmith's, presided and introduced the speaker. In appealing for the 'purchase, of bonds, Mr. Swearingen tellingly im pressed the fact that even if we were to take the very coats from our backs to help .provide payment for the great victory, we would not be doing a mil lionth part of what the boys have done who now sleep in lonely graves in France. He said that he had almost rather take a short at the man who profiteered during the war,- than to take one at the kaiser himself. Complimenting the unions on their patriotism, which had won for them the confidence of all right thinking people, he declared that unionism had justified ,its existence, in the single fact that it had taken its children out of the sweat shops and put them in the schools, and he favored school terms of equal length throughout the state, wether city or rural. "Educate your children properly first," he said, "and good roads and all other desir able improvements will naturally fol low; in due time." Mr. Swearingen expressed himself as strongly opposed to reduction of wages, oecause me wages now ie- ceived by tradesmen, though so much greater than received by him when a laboring man, will not buy as much of the needs of life, because of high prices. ' 7 . ' .;. . Refers to Glades Controversy. In answer to 4 question before the meeting regarding the Everglades con troversy, the attorney general express ed a feeling of confidence that he would succeed in preventing the sacri fice sale at the present time. Mr. Swearingen will remain in the city today and Sunday. SHIPS NEEDED FOR HARDWOOD TRANSPORTATION Memphis, Tenn.. May 9. Failure to allot sufficient tonnage to South At lantic and gulf ports is holding up mil lions of feet of hardwood lumber sold to foreign buyers by southern manu facturers, according to resolution adopted at a meeting of American Hardwood Manufacturers , and South ern Hardwood Traffic Associations to day. They appealed to Chairman Hur ley, of the shipping board, for relief. Zone Chairman Mitchell Re ports That Only Two Counties Are "Short oi Subscriptions TWO DAYS REPORTS SHOW FINE RESULTS Escambia County Will Close Campaign This Afternoon With Great Victory Cele bration. With fourteen counties officially re ported over the top, jjne unofficially reported, and one only twenty thous and dollars short, R. F.-Mitchell, chair man for West Florida, stated last night -that he confidently expected that the Wegt Florida zone would be the first over the top in the sixth federal re serve district. Mr. Mitchell said: "The West Flor ida zone is only two counties short today, of full subscription. If one county, which I am unofficially ad vised is already over, and one which Is only $20,000 short, report their sub scriptions this morning, as. I confi dently hope, I am advised by Haynes McFadden, chairman of the Victory Loan committee, of the federal re serve district, that this will be tha first zone over, Judging from reports received by Mr. McFadden from othe? zones. "Liberty county went over Friday morning and Leon county has over come the handicaps which it has suf fered, and under the leadership of John W. Henderson, and the splendid campaign of Thursday and Friday, has made a wonderful record. Escambia County. The Liberty Loan campaign for Es cambia county will close this evening with a victory celebration, in . which the coast artillery band will take a leading part. The band, which will arrive in the city on the five o'clock car, will parade the streets, rendering patriotic airs, after which the entire personnel of musicians will be enter tained at the Army and Navy Club, the victory celebration to close with a concert in front of Liberty Loan head quarters. The following statement was made yesterday afternoon by the Escambia county Liberty Loan committee: "The executive committee IS much pleased with the progress of the loan campaign and feels reasonably sure that with the hard work promised by the many workers tomorow, we are al most certain to go over the top. "This does not mean, however, that we can let up in our efforts. "We have great hopes that many people who have not heretofore real ized what a magnificent investment this is and that it is the last time these bonds will be offered by the government to the public at large, are going to volunteer their subscriptions. "Do not forget to wear your Vic tory button tomorrow. " "If you have not subscribed do so early and get one. "It Is a badge of honor. Escambia's subscription to date is $633,350. The Escambia county woman's Lib erty Loan committee also expects to go over the top today, under the lea1 ership of Mrs. Hunter Brown. The woman's committee lacks only $80,000 ' of ' having raised half of Escambia county's quota, and-the workers are confident that more than that sum will be subscribed through their organiza tion today. " SUPREME COURT RULES ON NOTED LIQUOR LAW CASE Tallahassee, May 9. The Supreme court today reversed a judgment of the circuit court for Hernando county remanding to custody on a habeas cor pus proceeding three men who had been arrested on a charge of unlaw fully transporting over a public high way in Hernando county a greater quantity of intoxicating liquor than one quart. The case was that of W. H. Fox worth, et al. plaintiffs In error and the sheriff of Hernando county defen dant in error. The opinion Of the supreme court was written by Judge Whitfield, con curred In by all the justices. The opinion holds that as drawn, the affidavit' and warrant in this cas- charge no offense against the law and It is ordered that the petitioners be discharged from custody under the said warrants. It is held that the statutes (chapter 7733 and 7734. acts xf 1918 do not forbid any common or other Carrier to transport any quantity of intoxicating liquors through a dry county or precinct when such transportation is not a part of an Unlawful . transportation into drr territory, or an unlawful use of such liquors in dry territories and it does not forbid any one - to transport for himself Intoxicating liquors. It Is held that to transport intoxicating liquors over the highways of a dry county a not made a crime by the statute.