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THE PENS ACOLA -TOTTRNAL. SUNDAY-MORNING, MAY 11, 1919.
if - : DAILY WEEK LY SU ND A Y Journal Publishing Company 1X3IS K. MATES, President and General Manager. Conducted from 1892 to 1915 Under the Edtflorahlp and Management of Cot Frank L. Mayes. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS American Newspaper Publisher' Association Florida Press Association Southern Newspaper Publishers Association . - . SUBSCRIPTION RATES: " One Week, rafly and Sunday ......... 9 .1 Two Weeks, Dally and Sunday .za One Month. Dal'.v and Sunday Vh Three Month. Dally and Sunday 1,6ft Six Months. Dally and Sunday .......... ,..t One Tear. rwllv and Sunday 6.6 Hunday Only, One Tear .......... 1.5U "The WeeWhr Journal. One Tear 1.00 Mall subscription are payab'i In advance, and papers will be discontinued on expiration data. OFFICE Journal Bid.. Cor. fntendenela and Da Luna Streets. '- PHONES Editorial Rooms. 88 President 48 Business Of flee.. 1500 The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the- use for republication of all news credited to It or not other wise credited In this paper and also to local news pub Jished. Entered as second class matter at the postofflee In Pensacola, Florida, under Act of Congress, March J, 1873 Represented In the General Advertising Field fcy CONE. LORENZEN & WOODMAN New Tork. Chicago. Detroit. Kansas City. Atlanta SATURDAY MORNING. MAT 10. 1919 SUPPLY AND DEMAND. The prices of 1913 are not coming back. Neither are the wages paid then. Wages are up. So are prices. Both will stap up. It is just as plausible to anticipate the return of 1893 prices, or the resurrection of the . "dol lar a day" wage for workingmen, as to imagine that th3 people of this country can step back into their pre-war stride. Food will remain high in price, farmers assert, because, as they explain, farmers have to pay more than double the farm labor wage they paid 10 years ago, and their fertilizer, machinery and own living costs are from 100 per cent up higher than a decade ago. Clothing will remain higher in price than it was before the war, for the cotton in the south and the wool of the west are higher in price, and the labor , cost is much greater. t Richard Spillane, noted American economist, and special writer on busines subjects for this newspaper, believes that steel, barometer of trade, wil be higher in price a year from, now than it is today. "Builders remain hesitant,' he declares, ' 'dautbanzest Tlishrdluetaoin etaqniao declares, "but each day makes their ideas of lower comomdity and labor costs less pro nounced." With the prevailing high cost of production (meaning high wages), no cheap lumber is in sight," says John H. Kirby, president of the National Lumber Manufacturers' Association. Charles S. Keith of Kansas City, fa prominent lumber man, and a member of the association, predicts that lumber will sell for $40 a thousand board feet by fall. "This," he explains, "will be an increase of one-quarter to one-third over present prices." And he tells why the increase. 'The cost of production has mounted 217 per cent. We face a loss of 105,000,000,000 feet ac cumulated in Europe during the last five years. Russia used to furnish over 40 per cent of the world's supply, and Russia will be out of the market for at least four years." Cement prices will advance 10 or 15 per cent this year, according to -Albert Y. Go wen, vice president of the Lehigh Tortland Cement Co. In 1913, Gowen said, the average cost of mak ing cement was 62 cents a barrel. The average net selling price was 82 cents. In 19i8 the cost was $1.44 a barrel and the net price received was $1.62. v Labor insists that wages be not reduced, fact, there is a demand for still higher pay. What shall we do about it? Some have advised waiting until prices tumble. That would bring down wages, too. would recruit great armies of unemployed. might spell panic." This waiting is nothing more than not buying something you need because you hope by not buying you may bring down the price, and if many others join you in waiting (either in the matter of purchasing building ma terials, steel, stone, clothing, shoes, food) you will bring prices down. There's no doubt about that. The law of supply and demand will do it. But, remember this: T NEVER IN. ALL HISTORY HAS MAN HAD HIGH WAGES AND LOW PRICES. elArtrfoal rnnprrums available. The owners oit many of these lots have announced that they will erect .houses for prospective purchasers and will sell them on easy terms. The usual mexnoa is a simple one, and, according to reports sent to the United States Department of Labor, it is working in a satisfactory nianner. If a house to cost $3,000 is to be erected on a site valued at $500, the owner of the lot assumes a second mortgage for the difference between what may be obtained on the first mortgage and the amounflhat the purchaser can pay. On this property representing a value of $3,500 the first mortgage would cover $1,750. If the buyer pays down $350 the owner accepts a second mortgage of $1,400, which the purchaser agrees to pay in installments of $25 or $30 a month. Interest on the mortgage is 6 per cent. So far, many sales on these terms have been reported by local real estate companies and private owners. In a recent magazine article it was stated there is a larger percentage of home-owners in Portland than can be found in any other city in he "country. According to estimates made in 1910 by insurance underwriters nearly 47 per cent of the population owned homes. Based on he population of nearly 10 years ago approxi mately 100,000 pedsons lived in houses that ac tually belonged to them. It is now estimated hat this percentage. has intcreased to 51, and, taking account of the growth of the city, it is believed that 160,000 residents now possess the houses in which they live. Portland has proved what civic pride can do in the way of beautifying a city, for recently at the suggestion of the Oregon Chapter of the American Institute of Architects, a committee made a study of its architecture, sculpture and andscape architecture with the result that 10 examples of the best home building won praise for the high standard maintained. The verdict of "the Architects and Engineers of California" was that "a number of seelctions show as fine an art and as wise a handling of the problem as anything to be found in this country." In do It It CHANGE ANDJDEALS. Nothing is so sacred but what it is capable of being amended or more generously interpreted or more clearly undertsood. Even the bible Was "amended .by an officially appointed escclessiastical body which decided to have it consist of sixty-six books," says Charles Steltz. The constitution of the United States is re garded by many as a sacred document but it has been amended nearly a score of times. There are some people who think that the fu ture of America depends upon the "inviolability" of the constitution. .- ' ; But England has no constitution whatever and somehow it -manages to get along without any more lawlessness than we do- in. spite of our sacred document. There is a great span between the revelation of God to Moses when He spake to him out of the burning bush, and the revelation of God through Jesus Christ. v - And the last word regarding the manifestation of God to mankind has not yet been spoken. He reveals Himself in countless ways to men of every degree. - If you are getting no new light on the facts and forces of life you're in a bad way. mere s sometmng tne matter witn your thinking or there's no opening in-your mind to let new ideas come in. And there never was time in history when more new things were de veloping than just now. A hundred years from today people will look back and say: "What a great thing it must have been to have lived in those days when some thing big was happening all the time." What a chance there is today to mould the future of the world or, at least, to become a part of the big world that's being moulded by others and not being left behind because we have no imagination and no ideals. WHY NOT PENSACOLA? Portland, Oreg., which is a city that lead 3 in the Own Your Own Home campaign, has a plan by which any wage earner may buy a house by advancing what is approximately 10 per cent of the value of the property and then each month paying installments of $25 or $30. . ; ; In the city are several thousand vacant lots situated on paved streets with sewer, gas, and - - . jmimj Miiiii. JJluimi'inf iwij nii'ip swsiisiiMiiii TTTTn rp r iibimh i 'imini 'n ' ni-nrTTOWTTinTTTi nnnTrTTTTir-Ti rmnnn n ll M 1 11 him I ' " nm, -. J-(I nirtol Infol -Hi :M Jf 3 Down2 to . Go! M The Golfer knows how much better you S2jdf fpfff IP" IT fW "In a bottle Through a straw" (S-sO After a close game on a hot day Sq VuTn. - l-'sf a frsty ice-chilled bottle re IffiS uS s freshes and satisfies. , S 8 LEGISLATIVE ODDS B AMn t?MriQ ' A A A V - 4bs w (BY JOHN C. TRICE.) Tallahassee, Fla-. May 9 Nobody In the world but Monk Harrison will ever be accused of sending that "Want -to-get-marrled Club" letter to Amos Lewis in a section of country where Monk la known and that Includes all of this hemisphere worth knowing any thing about- they are admitted, but the -practice generally ia to deny it. It is related of a member of the house that . he tried : to get the fish biU recommended favorably by the committee without even being read. He admitted, so it is stated, that there was some bad features in the bill, but argued these could be amended on the floor of the house. Other mem bers could not see their duty in pur suing such & policy, and a public hear- ing was ordered. Mr. Brooks has returned, from a trip to his home in Key West. He went on business before the federal court, but arranged to get way after one day's attendance, and forthwith came back to the capital to resume his duties as a legislator. "Can anything make more noise than a tick in the house of representatives," County division, in the Glades county case answered that question before the blU was taken up for : considera tion and it was decidedly an affirma tive answer. Since Farris was speaker of the house there haa not been so much said against lobbying around the halls of legislation, but there has been no let up, and it Is even contended that half the members of the legislature would not know how to vote if the bills were not disussed with parties inter. S ested on both sides. One senator is complaining, it ia stated now, thet since the suffrage matter was settled there is a deplorable lack of female lobbying. The advantages of such a combina tion are that overhead sales charges will be reduced to a minimum, better sales service can be rendered,, as one man will know Just what can be fur nished by all the mills, and when, and In many other ways. Mr. Barrow is weU fitted for this work, haying had many years of prac tical experience In every department of timber ' and mill work, as well as in the selling end of the business, and our mill companies are fortunate in securing him for this important posi tion. In a way this St. Andrews Bay com bine is a counterpart of one just com pleted which embraces many Gulf Coast lumber companies, including some in West Florida, and is the first attempt here to copy after the many like, combinations of recent years throughout the north, which have ma terially cut down overhead charges la an important department of operating. -St. Andrews J3ay. News. ; i sales manager Mr. J. M. Barrow, who will have entire charge of this work. CAPT. : . BENNIE EDMUNDSON LAUNCHES TO KENT TELEPHONE 204 PEAKE ELECTRIC COMPANlf The Home of Exide Caller? Service. 30 S. Palafox. Phone 24 - Our idea of a hero is a man who would face an Italian street crowd now and tell them that Italy fought to make the world safe for democracy. Government control of cables may have kept some truth from us, but it doubtless kept more fiction from us. - Every time we are tempted to raise a row about the price demanded for eats, we reflect that Heinie is having the same price to pay. A vacuum is the head of the man who could rent a house for 20 per cent interest on the in vestment, but won't build it because building material is high. A soviet government is something that may be set up in a day. Its chief weakness is that it may also be knocked down in a day. Mr. Mathis, of Holmes county, is as relentless in his fight on the compul sory school attendance bill as he usr ually is In going after what he con siders bad legislation. Technical ap plication of the rules of the house got in to -a vote before he could get his referendum amendment before the house, and that body refused him a reconsideration, but he is following the bill to the senate and proposes to haunt it untU the referendum is tacked on, or until the last chance to fight for it has past. He characterizes the bill as the most radical piece of leg islation that ever got by a Florida legislative body. That is going some with invective. 1 S g S I MM. 3TATE OPINION. Editor Pepper of the Gainesville Sun is here. He comes to the capital in the interest of citrus canker legisla tion, according to his own admissions. But while that question is in a state of x coma before the legislature he is quite active in the interests of the University of Florida, ; located in his town. The weather is growing warm at the capital, which may be in part re imnnsibie for so many contentious outbursts in the house. It is difficult to keep ones feeling all polished up while suffering with heat in a hall as large as that cooled by only four small fans. Especially when the current is so weak it Is impossible to hear the fans buzz. It la refreshing to hear Senator Stokes admit he is acting as the at tomey of the prohibition people, or temperance people as he expresses It, It is frequently done, and there can be little harm in such practices when Predicts Resentment. The Florida senate has voted against woman suffrage and has also voted in favor of a proposition to authorize the sale of all the swamp and over flow lands of the state at once; two measures which certainly do not stamp the senators as forward-looking men, says the Fairhope (Ala.) Courier. In face of the rising M?1 of sentiment in favor of the retention in public hands of all natural resources now under public control, the Florida sen ate, . votes to sell for an Immediate mess of pottage, lands with millions of potential value and to forever de prive the citizens of the state of op portunity to make use of the lands without payment of tribute to greedy speculators, while at the same time da-, prlving the state of the power to reap the Increasing value of these lands as population increases and extensive drainage plans already in process of execution are consummated. It is to the credit of the senator representing the district in which the famous "ever glades" lie, In which most of these lands are, that he strenuously opposed the measure. We predict that the senators who voted for this measure, will most of them live to see their action bitterly resented by the people of their state. . 7t Up-to-Date Methods Adopted. The tendency toward large things is shown in the recent combination of our lumber interests, particularly in the matter of selling. It is stated that the product of the various mills in this section will be handled by i mm Mil Vix -J u Two Uses at Once from Single Sockets Two-Way PIa& can be screwed into yonr electric l&ht sockets, &ivm& two outlets in place of one. Use bothoutleJ for li&ht, or one for li&ht and the oer for heat or power. Wonderfully convenient for ironing toasting. peeolatin& coffee, operating sewing machine or connecting nyj?p ence without removing the li&n- -very home needs three or more. 3 for $352, each Sold by PENSACOLA ELECTRIC CO. PENSACOLA, FLORIDA raw - i , WW V 11 U it UM , n.