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DAILY WEEKLY SUNDAY Journal Publishing Company LOIS K. MATES. President and General Manger. Conducted from 1892 to 191 Under the Editorship and Management of Col Frank L. May. ;i EMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS Amlftcin rtgpper Publishers Association Florid Press Association Southern Newspaper Publishers' Association 7- : . r'"T ' ' (SUBSCRIPTION RATES 1 - '. .Or t lyiHy and Sunday ... .! 'i'v.r. TV1'.I, Jhtiif and Sunday ....... ,i ru Motth. tJallf and Sunflay .....,.....,,. .s Tfsr Months. Daily nd Sunday .,.;.,,... st.r Months, Daily "n1 Btmday . ... a.j o-n Tear, ftilv m maay i mlav Only, On Tr .,.... ...... l.5' T Wlcly .TiHtmai, On Tear ....,,... .... l.oa MI eubsprtptioft af payab' In advance, and papers trill be dlscontlnaed eft expiration date. omrica JoiT.mal ftldr,. lo. ftitendencla and De l.r. ' a Streets. PHONES Editorial Rooms. t President ...... 48 Business Office. .1600 " S Assort & Ffes Is exclusively entitled to the- use for republication of alt news credited to It or not other wise credited in this paper and also to looal news puh 11 shed. Entered as second elasi matter at the postofflce in Pensacola, Florida, under Act of Congress, March 3. 187-j Represented in the General Advertising Field by CONE. LORENZEN Sc WOODMAN New York, Chicago. Detroit. Kansas City. Atlanta, TUESDAY MORNING, MAT 18. 1919 THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL, TTTttsnAY MORNING, MAY 13, 1919, ANOTHER OCEAN CROSSED FOR BETTER OR WORSE? It is always difficult and dangerous to go into a town and criticise anything in it. Motives are often misunderstood. The federal health officials stationed here have had their share of mistrust on the part of the townspeople. No matter how thoroughly hon est they may have been in attempting to carry out their orders from superior officers there have been those who would accuse them of ul terior motives; who would condemn their efforts as uncalled for; and would seek to discredit their ability. : For every effect there must be a cause. It is hardly contested these days but that sanitation pays. Everybody who has much knowledge of modern affairs knows the large share it has had in general progress. For instance, since 1898 every accomplishment in which this nation has had a hand has been made more possible by the trained sanitarian who has gone with the pio neers and is still at work consolidating gains made by civilization. i Now what is the effect the "otjectioni3t" would like to have in this community, and what is the cause of their opposition to the reason able improvements which make for health? No doubt there are ulterior motives. It is believed that the majority of the people are for the right thing. It is evident that no officials dare at tempt to enforce what is not for the general wel fare, which spells the correct procedure. . This brings us to tb.e minority which could still be split up into many factions. Their pur poses differ but their aims amount to the same thing. Certain things for the public good are to be thwarted because some few individuals would be put to some inconvenience and possibly have their gains slightly reduced from their al ready wide margin. No two communities are alike in all particu lars. Our city, despite recent years of prosperi ty, has yet to solve the big problem of housing and sanitation which goes with it. It is not yet a "city of homes." The majority of families live in rented houses. It is estimated that there are about 5000 dwellings of all kinds. If this is true we know that not more than 2500 of them have sewer connections because by recent actual sur vey nearly 3000 of them had so-called "earth closets most of them being open and main tained in a disgracefully insanitary codnition. Existing along with these are nearly 500 shallow open or driven wells. Many other existing evils could be enumerat ed, but it- is believed that enough have been pointed out to establish the case in question. It appears that such conditions call for an ex tension of the sewer and water systems at onve. So they do, but again we come solidly against concrete facts. Is there a clear thinking per son who believes it is the best course to pursue right now when a remedy is needed ? The des tiny of the community must be worked out slow ly because there have been allowed to accumu late so many defects in affairs which should not have been left undone. The city officials have upon them the respons ibility of working out the methods whereby civic faults will be corrected. In regard to the hous ing and sanitation question they find them selves confronted by certain "interests" which are controlled by a comparatively small number of persons. It is not a dignified policy to name names in public controversy, and it is painful even to resort to an enumeration of conditions. However, in the present case the people should know that certain conditions do exist which any self-respecting community should not long en dure. The tendency is to blame the health of ficials. In partial justice to them they are mov ing in a "vicious circle" which is another way of saying that things go from bad to worse. Any man who tries to do his duty when a nuisance of other intolerable sanitation situation is brought to his notice finds that any attempt he makes to have a remedy applied is promptly blocked. This applies to rented houses particularly. Even now, with impetus added from outside sources, honest effort according to law to have responsible parties remedy sanitary defects Is met by scorn and contempt from certain sources. Many instances happening recently are on rec ord. ' ; However, affairs are being put in a fair way to be rightea. You may blame your city offi cials for some things but you should realize that they are taking a stand for better sanitation and health conditions. A full functioning which we have briefly tried to sketch. Things must not be allowed to go on from bad to worse. Right minded citfcens must take a stand for decency ancf the dollars will take care of themselves. It can be proven here as it has been elsewhere that sanitation pays, and health is a purchasable commodity. The man who would attempt to make you believe otherwise either knows no bet ter or else he had an ulterior motive. Make your own decision with a fair mind, considering-all the facts. ; B9BgggBIS!SBE LEGISLATIVE ODDS AND ENDS e a "s s a a ss s atssBissisa HOME LOAN BANK. Inquiries concerning the plan for organizing a system of Federal Home Loan banks are com ing in to the U. S. Department of Labor from all parts of the country, and general interest is manifested in the provisions of the bill to be in troduced at the next session of congress. The impression, exists in some minds that the banks when established would make direct loans of government funds to persons desiring to build homes. This is a mistake. The plan contem plates the organization of Federal Home Loan banks as clearing houses for building and loan associations, which would then be able to realize I t n 1 a n 1 V In All tatE on their long time mortgages, and thus to meet maklng. matters that affect the general increased demands for loans. The associations public, hence he makes several trips Clearing through these banks WOUld be Stock- over here duringthejession. . holders in the institutions. ' V State .Labor Inspector J. C. Prlvett . stopped In Tallahassee during: the weetc According to the plan a group of building and j to look over the. progress of the labor lon .s.nniafinna n.ild mmKiTia -fnr- V10 nTfrani. i oills. and do what he could to boost zation of a Federal Home Loan bank in which they would deposit a block of mortgages taken in the regular course of business BY JOHN C. TrtlCE. Tallahassee, May la. "Six days shalt thou work and perform all thy labor.' The first part of that com mandment wu fulfilled to th letter during; th week Just closed. Six days the members met and labored, if they did not do ail the wnrk they had to do it was not their fault. It was just the blessedness of human nature which prevents large bodies f men from agreeing: on all things. The blessed ness of disagreement Is sometimes the emergency brake that holds the world back from a downhill -slide to per dition. " V . Speaking of disagreement. It Is Im possible for the members of the house to determine yet who got lioked in the long fight on the compulsory dip ping bills. The bill passed, but be fore it got the right-of-ay for the final spurt on the home stretch, those who have never learned to bow the knee to dictation nor welcome the ad vent of a dictator, had laid down tir terms by drawing most of the teeth of the bilL Nov both sides are claim ing a victory, r There is considerable rejoicing at the capital over tha report of the committee on public lands, on the Sin gletary bill. Whether true, or not true, is net known, but it seems to have been the impression among many of the legislators that the bill was full of camouflage, and the invisible some thing they Connected with it was not a pleasant thing to contemplate. The committee amendment leaves nothing of the old bill but the enacting clause. The earmarks of the bill, too, have undergone a complete change. The legislature has now entered upon the last leg of the session. If you are a law making enthusiast just watch the results of the home stretch. Hon. W. Y. Watson, formerly a state senator from Gadsden county, has be 91 among the visitors at the capital this week. He is a ' brilliant limb of the law in Tallahassee's neighboring town. sa " ' - "' V JS I i-THV ? Asw-W-Cf --:- . their passage. The . fishermen were , here Friday nlsht. Like all other people, they Against these I were not all of one mind, but they mni4mn. V. korV .vl t,,, Kne frt OA convinced .legislators of one thing. 1 nTnaatr am in f arnOtan in cent of the value represented. Tthatv urn intnroSteil In tho kind nf The bank would a fish law passed for them to work sell these mortgages in the market, turning over,undr and unless improved upon they , . . . . . j would prefer the old one to remain the proceeds to the association Which had de-.0n the statute books. They have som posited them, the association executing a note, fixed vlews- to- about what would be lan improvement. to the bank for the amount thus received. speaker wilaer declares he will not recognize a member, who rises with out his coat on to address the house. This was at the very beginning of the practice, and it was abandoned promptly. The mortgages thus deposited as security, are not to be sold by the association to the bank, but would remain the property of the association, which would continue to collect the regular pay ments from the borrowing members whose mort gages. have thus been deposited, just the same as before the deposit was made. If a borrower whose mortgage had thus been hypothecated pays off his loan in full, the association Would recall that mortgage from the bank, either by turning over the cash value of the mortgage to the bank to be applied on the debt of the as sociation, or by depositing another mortgage of equal value. , The bonds , of the Federal Home Loan banks would not draw more than 5 per cent interest per annum and it is believed that they can be sold at a lower drawing rate, possibly 4 or 4 1-2 per cent. The association would 'pay to the banks interest on the amounts advanced at the same ate which the bonds bear, an additional one half per cent per annum being allowed to cover the expenses of maintaining the banks. Asso ciations would make semi-annual payments on the money borrowed, thus amortizing their debts. It is suggested that the bonds should run twen ty years, associations being permitted to repay their loans at any time within that period. In the Federal Home Loan' bank plan, the af filiation of an association would be entirely op tional and an association which does not join in the banking plan would not be affected in any way by the new system. The business of the banks would be conducted by boards of direc tors, elected by member associations. It is the purpose to provide for the supervision of the entire system of banks by such federal authori ty as congress may approve. This federal sup ervision would be exercised at the expense of the government as is the case with the Federal Farm Loan system and the Federal Reserve bank system. The movement to establish a system of Fed eral Home Loan banks was started when the af t-er-the-war revival of building in all parts of the country demonstrated the need of a method by which money could be .realized on the long time mortgages held by the building and loan associations. Much speculation is going on as to what will be the outcome of the committee probe? Into the differences of the state chemist and the com missioner of agriculture. The first time the "lie" has been used in debate at this session was on Friday. It was used in denuncia tion of the 'claim that Lake county has been benefited by the large sums of money she spent for tick eradica tion, and the epithet came from Mr. Edge. .. - DUVAL DELEGATES CANNOT AGREE ON CITY LAWS BILLS Wire r BY HERBERT FELKEL. Tallahassee, May 12. There is some talk here of the house indefinitely postponing all Jacksonville charter bills on the grounds that the Duval delegation cannot agree on what they want, that it Is not fair for Jackson ville to kill a lot of time every ses sion on its proposed charter changes and that a law was passed by Mr. Farris, in 1913, permitting municipal ities to amend their own charters with out bothering the legislature. But in the recent St. Cloud case, Circuit Judge Perkins decided that this law would not hold because the legislature t cannot' delegate to a city the power vested in the legislature by the con stitution. So if the Jacksonville charter is amended it must be done by the legis lature. If this session fails to pass both the Butler and the Waybright bills the city government of Jackson ville will remain undisturbed. The people or St. Cloud attempted to amend their charter under the Kar ris law of 13, and it was upon this case that the Perkins decision was rendered. A delegation of St. Cloud women is here now attempting to have put through' a new charter for St. Cloud, granting equal suffrage in mu nicipal elections there. If airplane and tanks ' interfere with legislation cut out the legislation. That was the verdict of the house Friday. ST n (r NoMuss orFusi 5 ,., I y 1 "To save is to have." There never was a truer phrase written than this one. It tells in five words just exactly what thrift means. Methodists of the Soutl Your Church challenges you to fight with her for a better and a happier world. Your faith is put to the test. What you-do to promote the Cen tenary Campaign now will prove to what extent you believe in God and in your fellow-man. The program' undertaken by your Church the build ing of churches, schools and hospitals means something definite for human betterment. It is the greatest mission ever undertaken in the world. , The magnitude of the plan commands the admira tion of all Christian people. The privilege of be ing a Methodist and having an active part in such a campaign must call forth your loyalty, thrill your soul, and cause you to rally to the church of your choice. ; Vono arc Rlott FaSD The date of the campaign of theMethodist Epis copal Church, South, is the week of Sunday, May 18th to 25th. With your time, your money, your talents your heart SUPPORT it so that the $35,000,000 will be assured. " This space contributed by the Coca-Cola Company, Atlanta, Qa. . . II I - 8F1 Make Your Home the place you want it to be Electric Service is one thing you cannot be without if you would have a modern home. You can have your home wired quickly and easily without trouble, muss or racket. Ths cost is probably much less than you think. A world of new comfort and convenience opens to you the moment Electricity is installed. Pensacola Electric Co. Phone 2010 A 1 GARDEN CASH GROCERY CO. BLUE LABEL COFFEE, nrA per can Phone 2027 Garden and DeVillier , Let Us Renovate Your Old Mattress. , Pensacola Mattress Co. 940-948 E. Romana St. Phone 1515. M. ELLIS GROCER. 1889 Phones 1890 1221 N. Davis Street. fO RELIEVE INDIGESTION OR YS PEP5IA, TAKE A Dyspepsia Tablet f&-B Before and Aft- CT er Each Meal.Jcl THE CRYSTAL rliAK31C FALK'S Millinery and Ready-t-Wear North Palnfox, Just Abovs t Theatre Reliable Tire Repair Shop Tire Repairing and. Steam Vulcanixino. ALL WORK GUARANTEED, Out of Town Work Solicited. 80 -Cast Garden Street. ECONOMY STORE "Teach Your $ Cents' Opp. Plaza Park, South Palafor. NORMAN A. CO Sheet Metal Workr 510 South Palafox Stre Phone 413 Gulf City Coffee C. Roasters, Blenders, Slupsrs FINE COFFEES 107-11 East Intendenca .treet. PKNSACOLA. BtA Williams Tranfer Co. , f M . niir Tinsiness vsllovmsr All Kinds of Ililing. PHONE 20