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i ...... ....... ? S ; MM - t - : m . F0R FLORIDA Lol Showr W 5 .r,.j-v and orobably Thurs- SS. It-T H Read the Journal ad- a B vertisernents. They have B a message for you. 8 a a a e s g a b s i. g s s i day, Gentle variable wind. , I jgjEg-SB.-Bsa VOL. XXII NO. 133. PENSACOLA, FIX)RIDA, WEDNESDAY MORNING MAY 14, 1919. PRICE FIVE CENTS GERM LEADERS 0 WITH STRONG ENDORSEMENT CITY SANITARY ORDINANCE ADOPTED BY COMMISSIONERS New Germany Mapped by American Geographical Society t DENOUNCE PEACE TERMS AS UNACCEPTABLE TO GERLl AKY BOTH TO Political Parties Threaten to Withdraw Representa tives From Government if Terms Are Signed. FIFTH NOTE TO BIG FOUR IS DISPATCHED Optimism Has Been "Ex nressed in Paris That Ital ian Situation is Nearing; Settlement. Philip Schiedemann, the Ger man chancellor has followed the a nf President Ebert m a icau v - statement to the national as sembly in Berlin, couched in language more forcible than that of Ebert, Schiedemann de clared the peace terms are not acceptable to Germany. It is jeported Schiedemann had been informed by leaders of the two democratic parties and the par ties of center that these factions will withdraw their representa tives from the government if the peace treaty is signed. - Optimism has been expressed in Paris that the Italian situa tion is nearing settlement. Ital ians are evincing a disposition to make concessions. Premier Or lando again called Tuesday at the residence of Col. House and went over the situation, while in the afternoon President Wil son had an engagement with the American ambassador to Italy, Thomas Nelson Page, with whom he doubtless discussed disputed ground. ' ' Paris, May 13. The German dele eation announces the dispatch of the fifth note which probably, will reach the French foreign office tonight and bo delivered to the council of four to morrow morning:. The council of four discussed this afternoon Turkish and Asia Minor questions and. certain details of the Austrian treaty. American experts v.-ere called in for consultation on the subject of Austria. Berlin, Monday. A declaration by Chancellor Scheidemann In the nation al assembly today that the peace terms are unacceptable brought the members of the assembly, spectators and those In the press gallery to their feet in a hurricane of cheers and applause. Scheidemann described the treaty as a dreadful and murderous document and said it would make an enormous jail of Germany in which sixty million peo ple would have to labor for the victors. Scheidemann said President "Wilson had deceived the hopes of the German people. Although it is not believed the Ger mans will refuse to sign the treaty of Deace presented to them last Wed- f ne-'day by the allied and associated governments, the entente forces are prepared to advance into Germany if the enemy should reject the terms of the pact, according to a London dis patch. The wave of opposition In Germany to the signing of the treaty on the terms presented shows no signs of subsidence. Both President Ebert and Chancellor Scheidemann have made statements denouncing the terms. Neither of them, however, went so far as to state Germany would not sign them. . In Chancellor Scheidemann's state ment the possibility of a new govern ment taking office in' Germany was discussed, but' the chancellor declared it was doubtful whether the formation of a government "which would sign the peace terms would be satisfactory to the allies, the implication being that it would be ultra radical In Charac ter. Meanwhile the exports of the coun cil of four are examining the notes fnt by Count von Brockdorff-Rant-au. head of the German mission, to i. Clemenceau. president of the peace conference, relative to the repatriation f prisoners and the eitablishment of a new basis for international labor iesisiation along lines suggested by German experts. A draft of the Ger man plan for a league of nations has been hanfl.H Tnm of VationR I r commission of the peace conference. , - - - o -- JOHN BURNETT, ALABAMA. DIES HEART FAILURE Ga(1s(1n, Ala.; May 13. Congress n John I. Burnett, of the seventh Alabama district, died suddenly here ton it v. m . - vt neart xaiiure. He had seem- n excellent health during the day. f e had Hoot, j. i - tuiigicsa LWf niv years. ..." dui neii la sumveo Dy fv low and one son FOOD WILL MAKE GERMANY SIGN SAYS KELLOG KEJLLOGG New York. May 13. Hoover's slo gan about food winning the war can be altered to Food Will Make Ger many Sign Up!" Vernon Kellogg says. He has lust emerared from the de feated central emDireS. and is the fiJit American official able to divulge the real state of affairs there as to the food supplies. He made a Burvey for the American food administration, for which, during the war, he distributed food in Belgium and Northern France, under Hoover. "The food we are placing In the hands of the German government Is its greatest source of power in stav ing off Bolshevism." Kellogg said upon landing here. "There is being sent now 370,000 tons of foodstuffs to Ger many each month, Including 300,000 tons cereals and 70,000 tons fats. It is not a bit more than she requires. "When I left Germany there , way talk of the , delegates not signing the peace treaty, but I believe they will have to sign." ' ' " ' , ' ' Hunger, lack of . employment and dissatisfaction with ' the - government, are what promote Bolshevism in Ger many, says Kellogg. - . Among statements and conclusions of his reports are these: Although the oublic does not see the armistice as military defeat, Germany cannot resist the allies now. The Ebert eovernment is a compro mise, with chaos as a result, for it embraces the . most able and level headed men in Germany. Germany needs economic help to ful fill neace conditions. Any fear of giv ing her a lift is idle, because Germany can't compete with other nations m business for years. German labor won't work. Demob ilized soldiers refuse to turn a hand. considering themselves the state s wards. Best Informed social . scien tists and labor leaders think the war has hurt German industrial character, and that the German will not again pitch in like the thrifty and industrious fellow he was. Germany can't regain trade position by dumping any surplus on the world with neace: That would require vast overproduction, and Germany is put to it to restock her own shelves. "The only method by which Germany could be pulled out of her present position," Kellogg declares, would be for her workmen to work longer hours at lower wage than the workmen of competing nations, to accept the stan dards of life than they possessed be fore the war, and to assure a degree of industrial slavery entirely out of harmony with industrial conditions elsewhere in the world. - "This the German workman shows not the slightest disposition to under take.,t . . '. The peace conference has acceded to Kellogg's idea to send Germany 440,000 tons of food per month. Germany pays, he says, and with the allies shares ex pense of feeding undernourished chil dren, a special endeavor. RATIONAL GUARD BE REORGANIZED PRE-WAR BASIF Washington, May 13.- Approval of the reorganization of the National Guard along the same lines as existed before the war -was expressed today informally by Secretary Baker. .The war department, he said, would favor rebuilding the guard to permit , the various states to supply the same units as used in making up the six teen divisions organized for overseas service. - r MOUNTAIN CAVE HIDES DEN OF COUNTERFEITERS Dalton, May 13. The discovery of a counterfeiters den in a mountain cave near here today leads the police to believe they- have found the clue to a band of counterfeiters who have been flooding this section with spurious coins for several months. John Wells, own er of the property , on which the cave is located was arrested and is be ing held for examination. Vv5? - ' " 1 ' If S",- -i s l tujowmuniiv v ; . i IP- rs 4fifr Gioer $or tif ft Y. for Cemm en Pa it Here Is the National Georgraphlcal tee on public Information, on infor Society map of the new German boun- mation in the published summary of daries as drawn for the U. S. commit- the peace treaty. It is unofficial, but TOO IMPORTANT BILLS KILLED BY LAWMAKERS Abolition of Convict Lease Sys-' tern and the Placing of Ablej Bodied Men On Road is Pro-J vided. (BY HERBERT F ELK EL.) Tallahassee, May 13. The bill pro viding for -two -.; normal ; schools -in Florida was . killed today ; after being ridiculed. The citrus canker appropria tion was reconsidered in the senate and "the amount' was brought back to a figure nearly equal to the original appropriation asked. Opponents of the measure agreed not to oppose recon sideration and reopening of the bill if the measure would not ask for more money than was actually needed. The house killed the Brooks bill -to reduce the legal rate of interest in the state. -. Passage of the Jarmon bill provides for abolishing convict lease and plac ing all able bodied convicts on state highways except seventy-five to be re tained on the state prison farm with only ten votes against it was the feature of the house session today. A similar bill passed the senate yes terday. The bill, which will forever wipe out the convict lease system in Florida, is one of the several measures looking toward the acceptance of fed eral aid and the adoption of .a . com prehensive plan of road building in the state. Numerous amendments were offered to modify and reserve a portion of the convicts to lend counties for road work but all were rejected and the bill went through on the final passage without amendment. It is estimated that the loss to counties in revenue for hire of convicts apportioned back to them under the present system will be compensated by federal aid. , The United States government is to put up half a million dollaras of the ap propriation to match the labor of the state's convicts. - Under the provisions a levy of three eights of a mill will be imposed for maintaining convicts on the roads. Mr. Miller, of Duval, member of the State Road commission, declared this after noon that passage of this bill is the biggest picee of constructive legisla tion enacted for many years by the Florida legislature. Friends of the house bill to in crease fees of sheriffs are hopeful that it will pass the senate because that body today defeated by a vote of seventeen to eleven. An amend ment by Senator Mathis proposing to reduce the increases provided in the bill to twenty-five per cent, over the the present fees. An amendment prohibiting the shoot ing of female deer or hen turkeys at any season of the year was the most important of many added to the com mittee substitute for Senator Tumor's game bill which was before the sen ate on second reading for two hours this morning, practically all the fore noon session being consumed in con sideration of this measure. SEAPLANES MAY START ON LONG FLIGHT TODAY Trepassey, May 13. Commander Towers, in command of the - United States Navy trans-Atlantic flight, de clined tonight to state whether he would start tomorrow for the azores although reports from guardships along the course however indicated favor able weather conditions would prevail. fnfgrm. U. S. DISTRICT MARSHAL WILL NOT RESIGN Statement By Mr. Perkins Will Set At Rest Anxiety of a Number o West Flor ida Aspirants. U, S. . District "Marshal B, Perkins will not resign that 'office for at least a period of -twelva "months if at all, he stated yesterday to a representative of The Journal. ;..This satement will set at rest the anxiety of perhaps a dozen political aspirants, who had spoken of and been spoken Of for the office in case of Mr. Perkins resig nation, which, had been contemplated. Mr. Perkins stated that it is no easy matter for a man to go into a new lo cality and establish himself as he Is established here In Pensacola with his many friends, and that he does not expect ; to do it until he is convinced that a move is absolutely essential to the-best interests of the health of Mrs. Perkins. " If this is proven, of course, he expects to resign and leave Pensa cola at some future time. Mrs. Perkins will 'leave today with Mr. Perkins for a trip to Connecticut, where the 'latter goes on business in connection with his official duties, and returning she will stop off on their farm, near Bowling Green. Ky., where will remain, together with their two sons, Oliver and Gordon, through the summer and perhaps longer If , the change in location, which is in ac cordance with the advice of physicians and specialists, proves as beneficial as is anticipated. Gordon Perkins is now in school in Kentucky, and will join Mrs. Perkins at their Kentucky home upon completion ' of the term. Oliver Perkins, who was in Annapolis until a few months ago when he suf fered a siege of flue, left a few days ago in company with Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Perkins, driving through the coun try in an automobile. They were due to have arrived at Hopkinsvllle last night.- i "While it is understood that Mrs. Perkins' condition is by no means se rious, her health for the past several months has been such as to have made the change advisable, hence the plans of the family. STUDENTS HAVE TWO WAGON LOADS WHISKEY IN ROOM Nashville. Tenn, May 13. The po lice this morning raided the Vander bilt, medical laboratory and seized two patrol wagon loads of whiskey and other intoxicants. Four students were arrested charged with violating the state storage act. The officers got their clue -when they stopped two young men leaving the building carrying packages, which were found to contain whiskey. A search of the building followed. SHERIFF IS NOT LIABLE FOR ACTS OF HIS DEPUTIES Sheriffs cannot be held responsible for defaults . or - misfeasance of --"men employed under them unless they are present in person. Judge .W. S. Shep pard ruled, today, in the cast of Mrs. Cora Howard, who sued Sheriff Van Pelt and the American Surety company of New Tork for thirty thousand dol lars damage of the killing of her hus band while in an automobile with a negro whom the deputy sheriff was trying to capture. I e Ova K 1 CeeftJ 6y Germany Internafienafizeet Sovengrnfy to te determined by popular vote experts who have assisted the Ameri can mission in Paris with special knowledge of the work of the peace congress assisted in its preparation. ROTARIANSARE LINED IIP FOR SALVATIONISTS Each Member of Club Will Work Three Hours a Day for Three Days in Interest of Drive. Yesterday noon the - Pensacola Ro tary club members ere 'guests. at lunch of ' Capt. Paul "Stewart of the Shipbuilding plant at the plant cafe teria. Fifty members of. the club and several invited guests went to the yards in automobiles, and it had been the in tention to . inspect , the plant after lunch. The decision of the club, how ever, to attend the meeting of the city commissioners ; at the city hall at 2 o'clock ln the interest of the sanitary ordinance, made it necessary to post pone the inspection of the plant for a week, and it was voted to go directly there from luncheon next Tuesday. From a culinary standpoint, the luncheon was a conspicuous success and a-great credit to the management of the shipyard. The bill of fare con sisted of olives, soup, roast beef and mashed potatoes, English peas, ice cream and cake, iced tea and plenty of good cigars and cigarettes. During the repast an inexhaustible fund of ex plosive Joviality was on tap; in fact it was exhilirating to see how the staid and sober business men of Pensacola could forget for the moment the wor ries of commercial life and drive dull care away like boys at play. Post master Hancock and Hunter Brown were leaders in the fun-making. During the time of lunch a letter was read f rom; Chas. B. Hervey, suggest ing that the club arrange for each of Us members to give three hours a day for each of the three days of the Sal vation Army drive to a ssytematic can vas of the business district. A mo tion to endorse the suggestion of Mr. Hervey was overwhelmingly adopted, and a committee of three members was appointed by the chair to apportion the members to their respective beats. It was on the heels of this action that the most exciting of the fun-making occurred, when some hidden electrical devices under the seats were touched off by Mr. Brown to illustrate his con-? tention that Pensacola contains some live wires Superintendent Stewart was called upon for a speech, and' gave a brief history of how the ship yards came to be located at Pensacola.. He regarded the natural advantages of the water front here truly wonderful, but no more so than the promptness of the busi ness interests to respond to an oppor tunity to get a great industry located in their midst. He stated that the plant's first contract with the govern ment had been for ten shins, and that last August six more were contracted for; but the latter contract had since been suspended, though not cancelled, and he was hoping for its reinstate mnt i He said that whe'n government al restrictions are removed, contracts can easily be secured for enough ships to keep the yard busy many years, as the ship industry, is now in good con dition, despite all reports to the con trary. He is working for the perma nency of the yard here and has- great hopes of it. The task of securing- and training thousands "of new men had been a handicap, he declared, but now that it is done, the yard here is equipped to compete with any yard in the coun try or the world. He was strong in his praise of the citizens of Pensacola for their co-operation in every way. FIRST CHAIRMAN OF WORLD LEAGUE ( "VY "v 1 ovovr j PIchon will call the league of na tions to order at its first formal meet ing. - PIchon is a friend and associate of Clemenceau in his journalistic en terprises and in public life as well. He has held many ministries and given France able service in foreign coun tries. He is a keen diplomat. COL. HUGHES HEADS COUNTY ORGANIZATION Fort Barrancas Command ant Plans Big Things for - Salvation Army Drive May 19-28.- 1? ' ' " Col. 'J. H. Hughes, commandant at Fort Barrancas, yesterday accepted the Escambia county chairmanship for the Salvation Army home service 1 fund drive. May 19-26, and he has already planned a number of big attractive features that bid fair to put the local end of the movement over in the great style that is characteristic of the Col onel. To Pensacolians who know him the fact that he has agreed to take this lead is sufficient upon whicn to base a feeling of assurance of its suc cess. Postmaster B. S. Hancock, West Florida zone chairman, left, last night for Mariana, where he goes to or ganize Jackson county in the move ment; this being the only county in the zone not already organized and rt-ady for the campaign as soon as the date for starting arrives. , - " ; Another important accomplishrnent of yesterday in the plans for the cam paign was the -action taken by the local Rotarians in lining up behind the campaign,- each - member agreeing to to work three hours a day for three days during the period of the drive." WANT NEGROES ADMITTED TO ALL PULLMAN CARS New York, May 13. The announce ment of a country wide campaign to enroll a hundred thousand persons "To defend the - constitutional and lagal rights now denied more than four fifths of the negro race in America" was made tonight by the National Associa tion for Advancement of Colored Peo ple, . --. ' . ' The organization having fifty thou sand members, hopes to double that number before June 1, when it will hold its national conference in Cleve land." To make America safe for Americans." The association has adopted a program which includes among other things, the vote for very negro man and equal service on rail road and other public carriers, includ ing sleeping, dinning and pullman cars. PORT OFFICERS ARE CONFIRMED BY THE SENATE Tallahassee, Fla, May 13. In execu tive session today the senate confirmed the following appointments: J. E. Ab ercrombie to be harbor master for the port of Pensacola for a term of two years, and P. C. Clopton, "W. E. Brown, A. F. Paderick, D. Levy, and T. T. Todd to be commissioners of pilotage for the port of Pensacola for a term of two years. As is generally known Mr. Abercrom bie was regularly elected to the office of harbor master, which he has held for many terms past, at the last regu lar election held for the election of state and county offices. Petition Was Filed Against Measure But Was Net Strongly Urged By Its Promoters ROT ARIANS ATTEND MEETING IN BODY New Ordinance is "Effective Immediately and Health ' Campaign Will Continue Unabated. - ." : t At the special meeting of the city .commissioners yesterday afternoon the j sanitary ordinance abolishing surface privies and inaugurating the box and can system was unanimously adopted on its third reading and became at once effective. A petition of citizens against its pasage was presented by Clement Blount, but without effect. The circulation of the petition, and the report that a desperate eleventh hour effort was being made to sweep the ordinance into the discard brought out a crowd of citizens to the council chambers. The Rotary Club marched in as a body just after the petition had been presented, completely filling thai hall. Mr. Burleson made an earnest spech in behalf of the ordinance. Agent Allen of the boiler makers' un ion made an earnest appeal for its passage as a benefit to the working classes; Dr. Cox appealed for it as a means of preventing an epidemic of typhoid; Rev. J. J. Brown explained how well the box and can system had worked at Gainesville years ago; and President Malone of the American Na tional bank, declared that the Rotar ians came not to advise the commis- sioners but to back them and encour age them in a progressive step. Presi dent Watson of the Rotary Club spoke with dignity and force for his club in behalf of the ordinance, and said that the moto of the Rotary- club, for pub-; lie service regardless of personal in terest ought to be the "watchword of every citizen. J. O. Walker said that he was a free lance, between the devil and th I t-my deep the clerkship and the comi.itro! lership; and while in thi3 private ca pacity wished to relieve his mir.d.. He explained his own experiences with, sewer connection; that it has cost tt-r $100 a year for 12 years, and wouii net at that rate be an ideal solution for a poor mon. Supt. Paul Stewart of the shi- yard made a striking appeal for the or.t f nance, explaining how at the begir.'v. j here the management experience " much trouble bringing in labor' f ""7 expense of $50 a head only tif' :U(J most of the men disappear; xnjt'C jcr plant was forced to investiga- O, cause,, and found it In the unsa . - ' tO and unsatisfactory housing in J We cola. He declared that the dar - lr past when the laborer could be TUiI ed as a dog; that Bolshevism woj "lone result of the neglect of the cone iST, , . of the laboring classes in their brines j v . and that it would appear here if laoor -ers were not treated right in time. Dr. Tatom stated that the epldemia of typhoid fever last year was an eco nomic loss to Pensacola of a quarter million dollars, which could have been prevented by proper sanitation. A citizen who stated he owned prop-. erty at 814 E. Aragon street, had tried j the box and can and had gotten rid of all the flies. He was eloquent in j praise of the proposed change. Dr. j Ingram stated that he had signed tha j petition under a wrong impression as to its intent, and asked to have his signature erased. W. C. Diffenderfer , and Lieut. Earl Thornton made simi- lar statements, and Dr. Kennedy re- ! lated an experience Col. Mayes had once brought to his attention where 450 people signed a petition one day for the discharge of a teacher, and the next day the same people signed an other petition for her reinstatement. It was stated that the petition con tained a number of duplications, where as the total of signatures, including duplicates and withdrawals, was 408. The city commissioners then stated their position, each declaring that he would vote for the ordinance. Some of the statements are of public interest for the light they throw on the situa tion. Mayor Sanders stated that he had arrested folks ten years ago for failure to connect with the sewers who . are not connected yet. Commissioner Hinrichs stated thathe present sewers are little more than cess pools, and that the citys' need for a good sewer system is. a crying one; however, the new system would cost three million dol lars, and so cannot answer present needs. . Mayor Sanders received word during the day by wire from Tallahassee that the state senate had passed both bond bills In behalf of Pensacola, and he re garded It certain that they would pass the house. One legalizes the bonds is sued in securing Improvements to the ship yards: the other sanctions the use of the bond issue voted last Au gust for water system improvements for any municipal purposes the com missioners may elect, subject to the approval of the people at an election.