THE PENSACOLA JOTIRNAIi FRIDAY
DAILY WEEKLY SUNDAY.
Journal Publishing Company
LOIS K. -HATES. President and General Manager.
Conducted from 1892 to 1915 Under the Editorship and
Management of CoL Frank L. Mayes.
MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS
American Ne-wspaper Publishers' Association
Florida Press Asociatlon
Southern Newspaper PnblUhers' Association
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. and Oe-
ted Press la exclusively entitled to the nsd
Ion of all news credited to It or not otber
ln this paper and also to local news pub-
second class matter at the postofflce In
Tida. under Act of Congress, March 3. 189
In the General Advertising Field by
LORENZEN & WOODMAN .
'So. Detroit. Kansas City, Atlanta
were 700,000 illiterate males in America, be
tween the ages of 21 and 31. These were call
ed upon by our great free country to defend prin
ciples they could not understand and to upnoia
with their lives a constitution they could not
read. Our American officers labored to make
them efficient American citizens.
The last census shows that there are m this
country more tnan five and one-half millibn il
literates over ten years of age. The nation
must encourage and assist the states to remove
this unfortunate condition which is a menace to
our country. Anarchy and social disorders
thrive on illiteracy.
Ajrain, it was found that more than 700,000
of those examined for military service werephy-
SlSSSSigfiiiaiSS & a is 3
g LEGISLATORS AND
S3 - - .
1H TsTflT A T'TXT
By JO(HN C. TRICE) f
Tallahassee. May 15. The auat""""
bills slated for acUon this week Jre
the legislature brought people lnteJ
to the capital like snouters athrins 10
a camp meeting in the good old flays.
They ; came from the ends, the corners
and the center of the state, and the leg
islators knew they were here.
Those who were relying on the.8nta
to trim the large fees of the she rms.
while the compensation hill w bet
that body, have had one oore disappoint
ment. If one more experience or tnis
kind was fatal, the undertaking business
here would be a profitable one juei
MORNING, MAT 16. 1919
. !and there would not be a sherur in
sically unsound, and that a large proportion ox jUst of dead Ttxrtl wUI De more canm
the defects discovered could have been prevent
ed or removed by proper attention in youth. This
great problem deserves more consideration than
it has received in the past. Here may be found
the source of enormous economic and industrial
loss, and the cause of much poverty and misery.
The conservation of the human resources of the'
nation is certainly as important as the conser
vation of the other resources. Our poeple, par
ticularly the industrial classes, are vitally in
terested in the promotion of the physical wel
fare of all through physical and health educa
tion and the encouragement of wholesome recrea
The National Educational Association has ap-
dates for sheriff at the next primary than
for any. other county office, His freely
A committee from the house went to
May this week, and were permitted to
return to the capital the same ay
that was before the house had got to
remaining in session from 10:30 in the
mornlg until 2 o'clock the next mornlg,
with only two short recesses during the
t'roe for table refreshments. ..
Aft far hisir a the history of mankind
runeth women have been acknowledged
leaders in linguistic combat tnat is. they
were so considered until this house met
Talkers In the house are as numerous
as itches on a mangy dog, and their flow
of laneruna-A as endless as the list Of
new arrivals in a poor man's home.
f the American Federation of
n Federation of Teachers, and J pointed one educator from each congressional
ion Association, the Towner district, A. S. Edwards having been appointed
introduced into congress by 1 for this district. The Towner bill will be pre-
January 30, 1919, and is sented at the coming session of congress, which
ant pieces of legislation opens May 19
ection of education and
MAKING YOUR SAYINGS WORK.
create a Department of The organizations promoting the sales of Vic-
appropriations for the I tory Bonds are using thi3 phrase extensively in
ent, to authorize the ap- their advertising. They are pounding its truth
;-. encourage the states in J home to hundreds of thousands of people who
port of education, and for j have never heretofore given much thought, to
the matter. As a result of this advertising cam-
3 a Department of Educa-jpaign it is safe to say that enormousnumbers
:y at its head, thus giving J of Americans are now laying something aside
n in the President's cabinet, from week to week who never before did any-
ure, commerce, labor and the thing of the kind.
j. At present tne aammistra-i To save is to have. To have is to be able to
lal affairs is parceled out among do things when you want to do them, or when it
nty different bureaus, boards and becomes necessary to do them. To have is to
the several departments of govern- J be safeguarded against money worries ; to have
ue bureau of education in the Depart- hs to know that you can face the future, with all
of the Interior fas established for thexiol- its possibilities of lost jobs, sickness and every-
.on of statistics and the dissemination of in- thing else, with the utmost confidence.
mation. , That's where the Victory Bonds are such a
The bill transfers the bureau of education to ereat thing for the small investor. These bond3
the Department of Education, and authorizes the enable a man to put his fifty or a hundred dol-
President to transfer such other educational bu- iars ih an absolutely secure investment and to
reaus, commissions, boards, . divisions ana o-et a good rate of interest on his savings. There
branches as, in his judgment, should be admin- hs no easier, better method on earth of saving,
istered by the Department of Education. It is having and making what you have earn money
frnade the specific duty of the department to en- for you than to buy Victory Bondsi
The- removal of Tax Collector Home of
Jefferson countv has gotten to be a Joke
at the capital. It is claimed by his friends
that if he had been half as guilty as
alleged in the removal order sent to the
senate criminal proceedings would have
been had against him at the term of the
circuit court lust recently closed, ana tne
Jesters declare they can see no harm in a
onearmed man huggl-ng a girL
The Hon. Frank Sams of Volusia coun
ty was among the visitors to the capital
the first of the week. It had been re
ported In some way that he was dead,
and the old war horse of many a political
battle fought and won came to show the
politicians Just how live a corpse he really
is. In the palmiest days of his political
activities he never looked better, nor
younger except 5 for the snowy locks.
The gates of eternity may open to him
in years to . come, but the memory of
Frank Sams will abide in Florida history.
even unto generations yet unborn.
Sergeant-at-Arms Griffin of the house
says there is Just one thing in all the
world good American will unite on. and
that is the nag. In the midst of one
of the most acrimonious debates at this
session Tuesday afternoon, a flag presen
tatlon atonce restored .the best of feel
ing, and 'everything- proceeded smoother
Showers T at the capital have brought
some relief from the hot days. . But the
greatest relief in these parts from th9
showers was to the farmers. They Wore
needing the rains badly.
Whatever el?g may be said of It, the
Florida legislaturec annot be accused Of
penurlousnesa when it comes to making
appropriations for higher education. The
cross roads school may have to cut its
term short, but the higher ups manage
to get theirs.
Local News Briefs-
courage the states in the development of public
educational facilities and authorizes investiga
tion and research in the fields of illiteracy; im
migrant education, public school education, espe
Save and have !
THE "DRY" SALOON.
Under the guidance of the Salvation Army,
cially rural education; physical and health edu- saloons in various cities are being turned into
cation and recreation; preparation and supply of recreation centers, coffee houses, clubs and res-
competent teachers; and in such other fields as taurants. The returning soldiers will have clean
come within the provisions of the act. It au- and wholesome places in which to congregate.
thorizes the encouragement of higher and pro
fessional education, and the appointment of edu
cational attaches to foreign embassies to investi-
The new work is an outgrowth of the overseas
"hut" which was begun in the front line trenches.
The "lassies" and doughnuts will continue to be
gate and report on the educational systems of in evidence and the same welcome and cordiality
other countries. , will be found. .
The bill authorizes the appropriation of $100,-1 The movement is under way in New York and
000,000 annually to be apportioned among the j already several of the large "wet" saloons hv?
states for the following purposes: been taken over and converted into "dry" sa-
lo encourage the states m the removal of n- loons. In some of the western cities the plan
literacy, $7,500,000. I has been proposed and has met with hearty an-
To encourage the states in the Americaniza- j proval.
tion of foreigners, $7,500,000. ' The following report comes from Chicago:
To encourage the states in the equalization of "Scores of khaki-clad men turned in today at
educational opportunities, and for the partial the sign of an old-time saloon only to find them-
payment of teachers' salaries, providing better selves in the first substitute saloon opened in
instruction, extending school terms and other- Chicago by the Salvation Army. The swinging
wise providing equally good schools for all chil- doors were still there, so was the long mirror
t .i. . - -
dren, 50,000,000. and the back bar. but the rest of the baroom
To encourage the states in the promotion of interior was changed. The Salvation Army plans
physical and health education and recreation, to add other similar sub-buffets with the social
To encourage the states in providing facilities
for preparing and supplying better teachers,
features of the saloon.
The first national convention of the prohibi
tion party met at Columbus in 1872 and nomi-
The appropriations are allotted to the states nated James Black df Pennsylvania for president.
on condition that the state, or local authority, I In 1876 the party's presidential nominee was
or both, shall furnish an equal amount for each I Green Clay Smith of Kentucky, in 1880 Neal
specified purpose. The administration and con- Dow of Maine, in 1884 John P. St. John of Kan
trol of education is left entirely to the statesand I sas, in 1888 Clainton B. Fisk of New Jersey, in
;to local authorities, the federal government ex-1 1892 John Bidwell of Calif ronia, in 1896 Joshua
erasing supervision only to the extent necessary I Levering of Maryland, in 1900 John G. Woolley
to see that the several amounts appropriated are of Illinois, in 1904 Silas C. Swallpw of Pennsy-
nsed by the states for the purposes specified in vania, in 1908 Eugene W; Chafin of Arizona-, in
the act. The bill nrovides that the funds allot-! 1912
d to the several states shall be paid quarterly J. Frank Hanley of Indiana.
the respective state treasurers, and disbursed
l the order-of the state's chief educational au- In 1790 a memorial was presented to comrress
rn-Ti frr o rl noifm nfrl V.-.., 4.T i A 1 : 1 4-.- I r at n tvi - , .
j w...,,, u i-auafccu ujf me siaie icgisirtiuic. i n um uie wuege 01 rnysicians oi iNew iorK,
ine war demonstrated beyond a doubt that! depreciating the use of ardent spirits, and ree
ducation is a subject of great national impor- ommending the imposition of high duties uoon
-ance. ine selective draft revealed that there their importation.
XAwrence Hawkins, of 1412 E. Gad 3
den street, who was Injured in a fall
from a moving freight car, Wednes
day, is resting comfortably at the Pen-
The fire department was called out
Wednesday night at 7 o'clock for a
fire at the home of a Mrs. ElUs, at
41o E. Gregory street. It was stated
by the operator at the fire hall that
only slight damage to the roof oc
Mrs. Robert Likins, 110 W. Govern
ment street, has reported to the police
the loss of a sunburst brooch, contain
ing 3a pearls, which It is supposed
was taken from her residence yester
day by sneak thieves.
A fine Nash automobile was wreck
ed early Thursday morning at Wright
street and Ninth avenue. The driver,
Joe Rosario, was arrested and it was
stated at police headquarters that he
was going at a fast rate of speed when
the car crashed into the curbing as
it rounded the corner. The case against
the driver was continued Until next
Tuesday because of his inability to
appear yesterday. -
MORNING,NMAY 16, 1919.
TURN OFF THE JUICE
Vf r J TURK oos
Crew No. 2. Commanding Officer, Lieutenant Commander E. C. Reed: Pilots, Lieutenant E. F. Stone and Lieu
tenant Walter Hinton, Radio Operato r, Ensign H. C. Rodd; Engineer, Chie f Special Mechanic E. H. Howard;
Reserve Pilot, J. L. Breese, Jr.
TRY THEM TODAY
AT OUR EXPENSE
"We want you to become acquainted
with a remedy which pleasantly per
forms all the functions of nauseating
.calomel, pills and castor oil and simi
lar drastic drugs. LAMARINE WAF
ERS, made from the most effacious
medicinal ingredients, act promptly on
the bowels, relieving constipation, and
Its attendant annoying symptoms, such
as headache, sour stomach, coated
tongue, dizziness, eto. Sold - by aU
drug stores at thirty cents a box. Send
your name and address for free sam
ple, to Lamarine Laboratories, Desk
60, Atlanta, Ga. Adv.
here by Deputy Sheriff Hall, was
turned over to Sheriff Bowles, of Jack
( son county, yesterday. Gay, who is
colored, was wanted in Marianna on
charge of larceny.
ENGLAND PAYS HIGH
TRIBUTE TO EDITH
CAVELL WAR MARTYR
rxegro burglars "Wednesday night
entered the store of S. Stamati, Chase
street and Ninth avenue, and while
one is reported to have covered the
proprietor with a gun, the other? rifled
the cash drawer of $25. One of the
negroes is believed to be an escaped
prisoner from the state reformatory.
Willie Reichmann Is being cordially
welcomed home by friends having ar
rived In the . city yesterday morning
from a year's overseas .duty. He is
at the home of his parents, Mr. and
Mrs. Otto Reichmann.
Appearing as a private citizen,
County Commissioner Soderlind yes
terday appealed to the city commis
sioners to take steps to have the drain
age conditions at the foot of streets'
running into the bay, bettered. Com
missioner Hinrichs was appointed to
investigate the complaint.
The local polce haye been asked to
watch for a Dodge car which was
stolen from W. P. Ross, of Montgom
ery, Wednesday evening.
Hon. J. J. Sullivan has received news
from his son, Lieut. Mathew SuUivan,
of an airplane accident which the lieu
tenant had during the Victory Loan
campaign. Lieut.' Sullivan's machine
developed motor trouble while flying
from Montgomery to Memphis and he
was forced to land In a swamp, but
London, May 15. (By Associated
Press). England paid tribute to
Edith Cavell, the English nurse exe
cuted by the Germans at Brussels,
October 12, 1915 here today when her
body, en route from Brussels to her
native city of Norwich, was taken to
Westminister Abbey for an impressive
It wa sa public funeral, in which
It seemed every resident of the great
metropolis endeavored to participa3.
The streets through which the cortege
moved were congested with crowds and
every inch of standing room in the
neighborhood of the Abbey was occu
pied by a densely massed multitude
which wa seager to do reverant hom
age to. "that brave woman," as the
bishop of oLndon described her, "who
deserves a-- great deal from the Brit
ish empire' ,
The congregation at the Abbey, in
cluded high officials of the government
representatives of foreign countries,
and men prominent in many walks of
life. King George was represented by
the Earl of Athlone, brother of- Queen
Mary. The service was conducted by
the dean of Westminster.
The service which began at noon,
lasted half an hour. - .
IN A SMASH UP
An automobile collision occurred
late last night, when M. Friedman,
going east on Garden street, ran into
the machine of Mrs,. G. W. Freeman
going south on Spring street. Mr.
Palmer reported the accident to the
police, but ho arrest was made. Neith
er of the parties was injured, but both
cars were badly damaged.
New Orleans a shortage of farm and
industrial workers; Wilmington, X. C,
50; Charleston, S. C. 400; Columbia.,
S. C, 1.000, and Memphis, 600 negroes.
These figures, according to the em
ployment service, represent shortages
in the cities while the rural districts
report a. shortage of farm labor, of
which no estimate is given.
Other cities showing shortages are
Charleston, W. Va., 1,000; Superior,
fWis., Fall River, Mass., and Akron,
MISS AMELIA SCHAD.
i The funeral services of Miss Amelia
Schad. whose death occurred Wednes-
dav at th mtv IIosoitaL were con
ducted x-esterdav afternoon, the party
I leaving the home on West Intendencia
! street at 4 o'clock, proceeding to
Michael's church, where the last saa
i rites were said by Father Fuiierw
following which interment was m
attended hy a
j large number of sorrowing friends and
Lawrence Gay, who was arrested
Regular meeting of Local 412. A P
of M-, Sunday, May 18, 10 o'clock a.
m., K. of P. hall. East Intendencia St
Business of great importance.
B. H. FAIRCHILD,
Quickly relieved, by the wonder medicine
Produces marvelous results in Rheu
matism, Indigestion, Eczema and other
blood diseases. "Druggists sell it.
IN THE SOUTH
Washington, May 15. The demand
for workmen in the south still con
tinues, according to reports to the
United States employment service and
employment conditions from the view
point of the workman probably are
better in that section than in any
other part of the country. .
In a total of 83 cities reporting, only
twelve had a shortage of labor and
eight of these are in the south. Twenty-mine
reported the supply and de
mand balanced and forty-two reported
an increase from 127,850 to 135.280 per
sons out of work.
Mobile reports a shortage of 500;
Jacksonville a shortage of 1.000 nesrc
laborers: Pensacola, 60 T-Oodsmen;
rplatlvps of th nonular young
and the many beautiful floral offer
ings evidenced the high esteem
which she was held. The pallbearers
were: Joe Corianno, J. K. Armacosi.
Martin Anderson, Lieutenant Eartef,
M. Bach, Lieutenant Henderson, Hal
lory Sims and Clyde Isanhour.
IN ASHEVILLE, N. C
Supervisor LL Bishop, of the loca
government forestry division, v
leave today for Asheville, - c
where he goes to attend a conference
of supervisors of the eastern district
of the forestry service, to be beid
during the next week. Capt I.
Eldridge, also of the service, who left
Pensacola during the early part cJ
the week for points in North Alabama
on business in connection with for
estrv service, will also attend the
Asheville conference. They expect to
be away from the city about a
The annual meeting of the Pensacola i
Country Club "will be held at the ciuo
house on Friday, May 16th, on arrival
of 8 o'clock car. There will be dancing
and refreshments served after the
meeting. All members are urged to
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