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THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL, TUESDAY HORNING, MAY 20, 1919.
DAILY WEEKLY SUND'aX Journal Publishing Company IX5IS K. MATES, President and General Manager. - Conducted from 1892 to 1916 Under the Editorship and Management or CoL Frank ! Mayes. - MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS American Kewapaper Pubuher Association Florida Press Association Southern Newspaper Publishers Association SUBSCRIPTION BATES: One Week. rally and Sunday . .15 Two Weeks, Dally and Sunday 1 .Z One Month. tally and Sunday ... v.-.55 Three Months. Dally and Sunday ........ s, l.es Six Months. Dally and Sunday 3.25 One Year, Dellv and Sunday .60 Sunday Only. One Tear 1.5' The Weekly Journal. One Tear 1.00 Mall subscriptions are payab' In advance, and papers will be discontinued on expiration data. OFFICE, Jott.-nal Bid.. ' Cor. fntendenela and De Luna Streets. PHONES Editorial Rooms. 83 President 4S Business Office. .1500 The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news credited to It or not other wise credited In this paper and also to local news pub lished. " Entered as second class matter at the postofflce in Fensacola. Florida, under Act of Congress, March 3. 1879 Represented in the General Advertising Field by CONE. LOHENZEN & WOODMAN New York. Chicago. Detroit, Kansas City, Atlanta TUESDAY MORNING, MAT 20, 1919 ONWARD CHRISTIAN SOLDIERS! ' "'A Man May Be Down, But He's Never Out." Nothing could more fully epitomize the spirit of the Salvation Army, than the slogan for the Home Service Fund drive. For it is to the man who is down, and the woman who "is down, that the Salvation Army holds out its hands. To those who are down in spirit and in heart, to those who are down, after the fight against the world, the flesh and the devil, to those who are just plain "down on their luck," the Salvation Army stands as a very bulwark of strength, a friend to the friendless, a very present help in time of trouble. Today the Salvation Army drive is in full swing all over the country. There have been many drives, but none just such as this. The Red Cross drive,' the War Saving drives and the Liberty Loan drives have had their high and noble pur pose, they have inspired the people and .they have helped to weld together a nation. But the Salvation Army drive, in its way, is closer to the hearts of many than even those drives have been. For it stands for all that these stood for, and something besides. . To lift up the fallen, to comfort the stricken, to help the helpless, these are particularly the work of the Salvation Army. They stood to many men at the front men of many minds and many creeds for the spiritual life, while they helped to meet the physical needs. That the Salvation Army quota for Pensacola and Escambia county and the entire West Florida zone will be Oversubscribed, no one for a moment doubts. But let us subscribe it with a will. Let us make of it a great free-will off ering, not only for the need that it will meet but in recognition of the work that has been done, by that army of Christian soldiers. One of the outcomes of the Salvation Army drive, will be the $25,000.00 building to be erected in Pensacola, which will be equipped to meet many needs of this entire section. Even if back of the movement there did not lie the great prin ciple involved in the Salvation Army work, from the standpoint of practicality and business the sum to be raised in Fensacola and Escambia county would be comparatively small. v Let no one, then, fail to respond to the call, and let that response be as generous as possible. The drive will mean much to the Salvation Army movement as a whole, and much to Pensacola, and this entire section, from a practical stand point. " The Pennsylvania Railroad station in New York city, occupying eight acres of ground and with exterior walls measuring about one-half mile, is the most extensive building in the world constructed at one time. Bolivia is very generous to her members of congress. Each gets $15 a day during the time that the legislative chamber is sitting. But if, for any reason, a member fails to turn up, then there is no money for him. The presidential palace now building in Ha vana as a home for the. chief executive of the republic of Cuba wil cost several ipillions of dol lars when completed. We are informed that Japan fears American influence in the world. This is saying a great deal for our influence or very little for Japan's ambitions. In spite of its buoyancy, cork will not rise to the surface from a depth of 200 feet below the ocean's surface, owing to the great perssure of water. The largest pineapple canneries in the world ire located in Honolulu. BOLSHEVISM NOT DEMOCRATIC Balshevism will secure no foothold among the workers of the United States according to the statement by WUliam B. Wilson, secretary of labor. Most of the support of this movement, the secretary explains in a letter to James Wil son, president of the International Association of Pattern Makers, comes from the mistaken belief that it is democratic. In an extended argument Secretary Wilson quotes from Lenine's own speeches to prove that the Bolshevik' government is not even a dictatorship of the proletariat, but absolute in type like czarism. -f A part of the secretary's letter follows: "At the dinner of the employes of the Brook lyn navy yard given under the auspices of the metal trades department of the American Fed eration of Labor, April 30, 1 made the statement that I had no fear of bolshevism, so-called, secur ing a foothold amongst the workers of the United States ; that bolshevism, as understood in Russia, meant the dictatorship of the individual, or, at most, the few, with the purpose of introducing compulsory labor, goaded to higher speed by the introduction of the Taylor system under the di rection, of an individual dictatorship; that I did not believe that any of our people, inside or out side of the trade union movement, whether con servatives or radicals, would support or advocate this kind of government when they came to know what it was. "You have asked me for the source of the in formation that I based my statement upon. I am sending you herewith some excerpts from a speech made by Niholai Lenine, premier of the Russian soviet republic, iri outlining the objects of the bolshevists to the national soviet, Moscow, April, 1918, as published by the Rand School of Social Science for purposes of propaganda in this country, which fully sustain the statements I made. ' ; : "The average American mind in interpreting the term "dictatorship of the proletariat" has understood it to mean the will of a majority of the workers imposed upon all the other members of society. We have been almost unanimous in resisting this theory. From the beginning of time until the creation of the United States the workers had been excluded from a voice in gov ernmental affairs. There was a perpetual strug gle to remedy the wrong. The philosophy upon which they acted was that every person who had to obey the laws of a country ought to have a voice in determining what those laws should be. They are still imbued with that principle and con sequently have had no kindly feeling for a dic tatorship of the proletariat. "But clearly this is not the principle being pur sued by the Russian bolshevists. They fear the will of the majority just as much as Kaiser Wil helm, Emperor Karl, or Czar Nicholas did, and boldly declare the dictatorship of the advanced class awakening to a new democracy, and this group is to be the sole judge of how the people shall live, what they shall do and how they shall do it. - "But the dictatorship goes farther than sim ply to the most 'conscious vanguard,' the 'ad vanced class the 'class-conscious vanguard,' or the 'advanced workers,' as the group is variously termed. It sets up an individual dictatorship with 'unlimited power' and insists that the revolution demands the absolute submission of the masses to the 'single will' of those who direct the labor processes. This single will must be obeyed by 'obligatory labor service.' The worker no longer is to be permitted to quit work for reasons that are sufficient to himself. He may not like the place, or have friends somewhere else and desire to move, but he cannot without permission of the dictator. , He may dislike his work, his manager, his foreman, his shop, his wages, his hours of labor, or the conditions of employment, but he must not quit, because of the merciless 'dictator ship of individuals for definite processes of work.' . Even the court is to be used as a means of training in discipline that will consider the re sponsibility for the pangs of famine and unem ployment and those who are responsible, that is, those who fail to produce bread for men and fuel for industry' are t obe punished without mercy no matter what the conditions are under which they stop. While this autocratic rule is going on the public press is to be systematically repressed. There must be no criticism of the dictator or dic tators. Nothing must reach the attention of the masses except thtat which has been prepared for them by the autocrats who have set themselves up like the German militarists as being super men. "No sane American whose mind has not been perverted by self-interest would for a moment think of displacing the orderly nrocess of prog ress of, for and by the people which our institu tions provide for this wild scheme of autocracy based upon the assumption of superior knowledge of the needs and wants of the proletariat and which takes no cognizance of the possibility of the dictators changing their mmds or being suc ceeded by other dictators with a different view point. 5B BE SSB is - 5 LEGISLATIVE 55 ODDS AND ENDS ; H S g H H.h'B! SgSSSSES (BY HERBERT FELKEL.) xbm Mgv 19. The Glllis bill which reduces the number of grounds upon which a divorce may do secureu In mnrirta mavinv it much more diffi cult than at present to secure legal separation, has received a favorable report at the hands of the house ju A ?ria . i , nn wtft ft was re forro - v.,,. Atv.aw VIII nrhfo.h seeks to LU L Ull LilV & - - increase the grcrunds for divorce and maKe legal separation easier ubb ug der thft nnnnt Iawl also- has be 9! reported with the recommendation that it ao pass A bill will be introduced during the present week providing that from and after the adjournment of this session of the legislature no local measure may be introduced unless accompanied by a certificate sworn to by the clerk of the Court in The county affected to the effect that the said local bill has been duly advertised as required by tha constitution, and unless a local intro duction and considered. A law of that kind, it is claimed, would save the senators and representatives of future sessions of the legislature a world of embarrassment and would re lieve the legislature of many local bill that now consume the time of that body. Former Congressman J. Walter Ke lioe, of Pensacola, has been here for several days, and it is said that he may be appointed county solicitor of the criminal court of , record In and to Escambia county. If he is so honored. it 13 believed here that there will be no opposition to his confirmation. There are lawyers from his section who say Mr. Kehoe was the best State attorney West Florida has ever known, and his endorsement for the position to which he now aspires is a strong one He has many friends among tho senators, as well as members of the house of representatives, and it is said Senator Stokes would not be displeased by Mr. Kehoe's appointment. Since the Cash primary bill has bee j the subject of more or less discus sion in the senate, it is interestim.? to note that Representative John A. Scruggs, of Leon, has two primary measures that are of extreme import ance. They were introduced some time ago, but for some reason have never been reported out of the com mittee. One provides for a single pri mary with the flrst-and-second-choice voting feature as at present, but a second primary in case no candidate receives a majority in the first pri mary, thus eliminating plurality nomi. nations. The other permits a man who Is not twenty-one years old at tha 'time of the primary but who will ba of age at the next general election to vote in the primary and provides for the election of county commissioners and members of the school boards at large instead of from districts Xo one who closely watches the voting can help but be impressed with the record that is being made by Sen ator Oliver, the safe and sane law maker of Apalachicola, representing j , ii i j 1 M T IDT 1111.1 . (" ttOW ABOUT f -i ) '-,'. ) IM," AK OPERATK,t V FT the Fifth district. He is careful, con- scienclous, deliberative, studious. No couties of Florida are better represent ed in the , senate than Liberty, "Wa kulla and Franklin. When Representative W. W. Phillips, of Columbia- votes the reading clevka can hear him. He doesn't mumble it like he didn't mean it nor utter a syllable that sounds as much like aye as no, but he comes out strong with it, and there is a sincere ring in his voice. Bill Phillips votes positively like he's not ashamed of it. During his address on the university extension bill. Senator Hulley took oc casion to speak of senators not being in their seats. "If I had the lak.ng of the rules of the senate," said he, 1 would require that every senator remain at his desk during the brief time we are in session each day every minute of the time." Some of the naughty, inattentive lawmakers hur ried to their, seats, but it is not known whether or not Prof. Hulley gave any of them demerits or marked them down in deportment. Royal Palm State Park, in Dae county, will be enlarged if a bill in traduced by Senator Hughlett becomes a law. It is to cede certain' additional lands to the Florida Federation of Women's clubs. It is understood that some of the game on the edges of the park is being destroyed by the hunt ers, and it is the purpose of the wom en who have in charge the care of the place to create a zone around, the park from which they can lawfully bar the gun men. . Bills have passed placing the coun ty commissioners of Duval and Ks cambia counties on a salary basis, and measures introduced last week seek to place those officers in counties of fif teen thousand population and less on salaries. Senator Baker's bill pro vides that the commissioners in coun ties of fifteen thousand people or less shall receive five dollars a day and ten cents a mile, the total not to exceed six hundred dollars per year, per each, while Senator Hughlett's "bill would pay them four dollaras a day and ten cents a mile and affects counties of ten thousand population and less Speedometer Service Station Specialists on Speedometers Vacuum Tanks, Horns and Spot Lights 19 East Garden Street Phone 333 The CENTRAL PHARMACY; "In the Heart of Pav.sacola' The Home of QUALITY ICE CREAJ? I 177 PHONES 178 QDo'n'ft say 66 RaettBudifls Eiy 66 RQefiBaodlSstt 99 At this time when the hour has struck and your denomination calls for her sons and daughters to rally to the Crusade for Christ it is not so much a question of what the Mehodists in general are going to do about that call. But it is of vital importance what YOU, as an individual human being, will do abou it. It is the old story of the chain being no stronger than its weakest link. If you fail who knows thechain may break. And the chain must not bceak; remember that, the chain must not break. Too much is at stake. A new civilization is about to be born out of the chaos and havoc of war. , And it is with you to say whether that civilization shall be permeated with Christianity. If you stand, by your Church in its Centenary Campaign, putting into it your BEST, you will be making your link in the great chain of Methodism a strong link, and the chain complete will be powerful enough to per form miracles. DON'T SAY "METHODISTS" SAY "METHODIST" WHEN YOU ASK YOURSELF WHAT YOU WILL DO FOR YOUR CHURCH AND THE WORLD. Williams Transfer Co. "Our Business vs Moving" All Kinds of Hauling. PHONE 2099. The Campaign is .during the week of Sunday, May 18th to 25th; the amount to be raised is $35,000,000. This spac3 contributed by the Coca-Cola Company, Atlanta, Ga. WHIDDEN'S DRUG STORE Now located at 315 S. Palafox St. , Phone 524 A Complete Line Drugs and Druggist Supplies. PALACE CAFE Under New Management Everything Good to Eat, Cooked Right STEPHEN CLEOTELIS Proprietor FALK'S Millinery and Ready-to-Wear Korth Palafox, Just Above !! Theatre .. WOOD WOOD Escambia Wood "Tard WE HAVE IT The Kind That Burns $1.50 and $2.00 a load Phones 2315 AMERICAN NATIONAL BANK 4 Of Pensacola CAPITAL STOCK Paid In $500,000 reOTO Kodak Finishing Picture Framina Kodak? and Filma Anico Camaras THE MORGAN-THORSON Transfer Company Truck or Team Service Phone 710 LET STEVE FIX 'EM He Knows How ROYAL SHOE SHOP