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THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL TTRTDAY MORNING. MAY 23, 1919.
WAR DEV SECRETS ARE DISCLOSED "Washinffton. May 22. At the edu cational exposition being given by the department of the interior in its build ing at 19th and P, streets, Washing ton, this week there are being dis closed for the first time teince the war the secrets of various military inven tions that were held under the ban of strictest secrecy until the Hun was iicked. The famous Browning gun and the Browning rifle, patents upon - which have just been granted, are in cluded in these death-dealing devices that aided greatly in bringing about victory. What the oher inventions are can not be definitely Stated at this time, but is declared by responsible offi cials of the patent office, who know these secrets, thai If some of them, as for example "certain new projec tiles for artillery, had gone Into actual use, Germany would. have been plowed under and blown off the earth. Air plane, dirigible and automatics would have barraged and bombed the whole Interior and front of Germany and gases would have been vised that would not have only destroyed all life like the Scythe of Father Time, but also would have destroyed all vegeta tion and perhaps rendered the soil use less for years to come. - . . The department is also explaining for the first time the elaborate ma chlery which It employed to keep from the enemy any Information regarding new inventions of military impo ranee. This responsibility, upon which it might be said the security o the en tire country rested, devolved upon seven serious sphinxes of the patent Children and" j grown-ups love the delicious wheatand bar ley food Grape-Nuts It builds body and brain 1 . i u . : .. era committee. Each member of this committee was a tried and" trusted employe of the patent office, whose integrity was unquestioned, as must be the case in view mf the extreme methods the Huns were using in their far-flung spy system. This inner coun cil of seven men was sworn to absolute Hsecrecy as to the detail of every ap plication for a patent of. a military nature and also as to the suggestions and ideas that poured from friendly countries, and they were instructed to hold any such device from patent un til the war was over. They-were in structed, however, that any of ideas and suggestions that might prove helpful to. the war authorities should be communicated to them at once. These men acted under the author ity of two laws passed by congress in 1917, both relating to the secrecy of inventions, and one giving the federal trade commission tsauthority over mat - ters relating to trading with- the en emy. As soon as an application for patent was placed under an. order of Becrecy, everyone connected with thj patent Inventor or patent; lawyer was enjoined to secrecy, and all were told that a violation of this order meant a flna of 110,000 or ten years Imprisonment, or both. An army and navy patent board , was also instituted toStudy the applications pending in the patent office to see if any Of these should be called-to the attention of the military .authorities. This secret advisory committee during the war passed upon more than two thousand ideas, suggestions, or devices, whlch.it was believed "might be of service' to the cause of the allies or the United States government, and out of these suggestions found that some two hun dred were of sufficient Importance to be submitted to the military authori ties. It is said that many pf these suggestions were adopted, and it is believed that they had an important influence in helping to win the war. That practically the whole world was interested in the success of the allies and was using its ingenuity to fact that his advisory board received circumvent the Germans is seen in tho eight suggestions from England; 2; from France,, two from Switzerland, one from Hawaii, one from Australia, one from New Zealand, three from Mexico, one from Yucatan, five from Spain, seven from Italy, one from Russia, 25 from Poland,, and one writ ten in German and presumably from Germany. In addition ; there were a large number of American Inventions that were placed under the order of secrecy. Patents are now being grant ed for these inventions as rapidly aa the work can be done at the patent office. : , . - . COMMANDER BOOTH OF SALVATIONISTS MEETS BIG SUCCESS Salvation Armyheadqnarters is very much enthused, over information just received to the effect that meetings addressed by Commander Booth in Washington, Richmond and Philadel phia, Tuesday and - Wednesday, the the drive will be put over by the mid Armv Home Service Fund, May 19- L26th were pledged and the work of the Salvation Army unanimously eauwjDeu. Prosnects for the campaign now are indeed bright and it seems likely that quota of these cities for the salvation these rale of the week. TO HASTEN WQRK ON HARD ROAD TO RESERVATION SHIPPING NOTES. "The American steamer Oregon, with a cargo of mahogany logs from . Blue Fields Nicaragua, came in port yes terday and will begin discharging to day, it is expected. . Th barge San Antonio, of the Aiken Towboat and Barge Company, whfth came in port Wednesday morning from Havana, where she had discharged a cargo of coal, finished taking another cargo yesterday at the chutes of the G. F. &. A. and will perhaps be taken in tow today for Cuba- The "Santa Rosa" three mast schooner, a product of the yards at Milton, which has been taking lum ber cargo at the G. F. & A. wharf, Is expected to sail today or tomorrow for Gothenberg, Sweden. It has laeen announced that work on the hard road to the navaj reser vation will be completed. as far as the Half, Way House by next Tuesday and that the road from the present hard limit to the Half Way House will be opened in about three weelcs. Countv Commissioner Gandy is con fident that the county's part of th-j hard road will be completed shortly, by the issue of time warrants in ac cordance with a recent legislative act. John Gerkins has been awarded th contract for the government's part of th hard road and is getting ready to start work by assembling: material, along the route. . : DESPERADOES KILL ONE OF THEIR OWN IN A GUN FIGHT AUGUSTO LEGUI A . LEADS ELECTION ' TICKET IN PERU JDeaicon Pobson Philadelphia. May ' 2 2. Desperadoes operating in a stolen motor car kill ed one of their member . today .In a hold- uj here. A youth who was acting as collector for a large chain ; store concern was attacked on. the -street after he had left one of the stores .With the receipts in a bag strapped to his wrist. The bandits, five . in number, Sprang at him and grabbed the bag. He put f iip a strong fight, dodging blows and hitting , back. One of the robbers fired a revolver shot at him just as he ducked to escape a blow from a blackjack another was aim ing at him. The shot! hit the robber squarely ; in - the forehead, - probably causing instant death. - ; Some time later the motor ear was found abandoned onj the street- about five miles from the scene of the hold up. The starkbody of the dead bandit was in it. The man was young and apparently of foreign birth. The rob bers got away with between $450 and $500. - ' '- . vC V-" , Lima, Wednesday, May 21. August B. rjeguia, candidate,; Of the indepen dent party for the. presidency of Peru; In a personal statement today claimed bis election by a: great majority. He said telegrams received from the pro vinces gave him ground for estimating his total vote, at .100,000 against less than 20,000 for Antero Asplllaga, the next nearest - rival for. the presidency, Senor Leguia's election carries with him" into office .the Other candidates on the ticket. General , Caesar Cane varo, as first vice 'president, and Dr. Augustin de.-la Torre as second vice president." ; . ; The inauguration will take place in August, after the convening of con gress and the expected proclamation of Senor Leguia as president of that body. - - - - v If ftAiB' .Sold SYeiHvW W. A. D'ALEM BERTE, Special Agent. ! TIGHTEN UP NOW I But think how you will have to ' unbelt next winter if you have a garden say the National War Gar den Commission, of Washington. Tblivin cost is mighty high you will no doubt agree, but folks are also livin high it seems to me b'gee. they don't fill up on spuds and beans like gran'd-dad did of old, but want ' grape fruit and high priced stuff as much as they can hold. When grand dad chopped th' cordwood and split th logs -for rails," his muscles were not hardened by th food that comes In pails'; he ate fried mush at break - o' day and hiked it for th' wood, and did not wear his brain cells out a thlnkin' 'bout his food. With sorg hum for his biscuits and cabbage for his ''kraut, he did not have to pawn his watch to keep th hunger out; he knew th hens would lay him eggs and that his garden seed, would fur j nish him with all th' eats that he would ever need. But now-a-days I some humans.'but few o' 'em I ween, are too tarnation lazy for to keep a garden clean; they'd rather buy th canned stuff, and th' goods you pur chase dry, and spend their tima a liowlin; that : th livin cost is high. As for me 111 follow grand-dad hi th' good old-fashioned way, for I know that mother natur' has a dividend to pay, she's a waitin' to declare it If 1 buckle down to work, and I'm frarely not th critter who a garden task would shirk, jr r f than 300 American manufacturing plants. A "number of Instances or unhealthy un- rest - among emp,loyes: wnieh has been; changed to contentment by ' -strlal training have come to the e. Jn of the service. : "Of course, distinction must; be made between wholesome .ens'- "it -on the cue hand and unwholer nrest on the other," - said- Mr. t , ton in ""m mcnting on the. benefits of training. 'A man with a wholesome ambition III welcome training because it gives him an opportunity to gratity nis desire to earn - more, to become more skilled, and to broaden his . field of Knowledge. EvU agitation, propaganda. thrive among those unfortunate victims of our indus trial system who never nave had an op portunity to learn any particular task well. ' With the introduction of ma chinery, training of the worker has been almost wholly neglected. Where it is practical this service urges the reestab lisment of apprenticeanip courses. In the many industries where this is not feasible we aid interestedxinanufacturers in planning brief training courses in which each worker can learn the best way of performing his respective tasks." The service has received reports from several of its district superintendents c'ting the esses of trouble-making work ers, never properly trained in any task, who have become big assets to their re spective employers and their families be cause of having taken training. This iactory-given instruction has increased tfceir self-respect and efficiency, and has completely changed their outlook oilife. It has supplanted the ' destructive im pulse with a constructive impulse," is Mr.' Clayton's phrase. 1 LUTHERANS WILL ' SEND MISSION TO . FRANCE IN V Washington, May 22. The n council of the Lutheran church I United States announced tod' would send a reconstruction France next month to lnv.u. -v,un.iuiia ana to r such financial aid as may be t necessary on account of th a v.tv. luimcin-c vl me war on tha u xne commission sail from iNew.York, June 4 and completing its work In Fiance visit Finland and other Baltic vinces and the Balkan states Washington, May 2V SwPf?;CK . reports from Petrograd via h!uI transmitted to the state denartnJ mj. vim jjuisnevijc reeim , v..lluiiett . rryrnr, tee for a "defense of the proletari ana vesiea it wun broad powers Havana, May 21. MaJ. Gen. E jrowaer, kj. h. a., left this mor for Key AVest on his -way to wi ington. He expects to return to vana after engaging in conferenc the United States in connection fl the work he has in charge, of reH ing the Cuban election laws. "BLUE RIBBON' TALK! Its economy to use Blue Ribbon Va and Lemon. Use JU3t a teaspoon;, the quart- of material. "Best and t TRAINING BE GIVEN AS AN ANTIDOTE FOR BOLSHEVISM Washington, May 22. That Industrial training is one of the nest antidotes for .Bolshevism which has yet been brought forward is the declaration or Charles T Clayton, director of the fJ. S. Training Service of the Department of Labor, who has recently been compiling some illumi nating data on the benefits of training departments now In operation in more v e rr sj D 1 aa a aid Thirty: to sixty feet lengths, seven-inch tops Write in for prices and specifications. White Cedar" P ole Co FLOMATON, ALA. Will You Work Half a Day for the Salvation Army by giving one-half day's pay to the Home Service Fund? 9 y!v T! "fi 11 U)U ed. 35,000 to the Home Service Fund al Yatioui Asrmy ? W-Mesile Raised 4 Doa't Wait to 'Be CaBed On! Ask Any vMan Who Has Been "Over . There. " He Will Tell You What They There" Did for Our Boys. I am friend of the friendless, v 1 am mother to the motherless. 'lam champion ofthe weak and the humble. A. The poor and unfortunate of 63 v ; countries and colonies know me well. - I serve on the fields of battle in time of war. I build my trenches in the streets ot poverty m time of peace. I believe a man may be down, but he's never out Mi Mf 1 :!... ... .If "In -Tf . "- jg? J : .5 IT'S UP TO Y-O U. t Give Your Limit! Salvation Army Home Service Fund $13,000,000 FOR HUMANITY " May 19-26 - " THIS SPACE CONTRIBUTED , BS HYEIA BOTTONG WORKS; L G iqi-