THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 1, 1919.
1 V W !: L Y SUNDAY
Journal Publishing Company
IOIS K. MAYES. President and Central Manifer.
Cor ducted from 1892 to 191ft tTnder the Ediwrhlp and
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i'ntered as second clae. matter at the postofflce In
T'cisacola. Florida, under Act of Congress, March 35. 1879
Represented In the Central Advertising Field, fcy
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SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 1, 1913.
EDUCATION OF THE PEOPLE.
Some more or 'less large communities, in this
cour.try are permitting thrift to cut into the bone
and sinew of our vital life's affairs.
Personal thrift practiced to penury is bad for
everybody. Public thrift practiced on limiting
the facilities of education retards civilzaton. The
dolk.r saved for the pubic treasury at the expense
of the culture of the people is more than a dollar
was'ed it is a destructive dollar.
Economy in education is the pall of progress.
Since the war large numbers of communities
have given attention to these facts ; a great many j
mora have examined the question of educational
needs and have used the means at their com
mand to reduce illiteracy by opening their schools
to n;ght classes. This is genuine economy. School
buildups which can be used for purposes o.
education only in daylight practically limit at
tendance to children. The reports of draft boards
everywhere effectively show the if oily of such a
Millions cS. men and women iri this country
need education, not necessarily in- reading, writ
ing and arithmetic, though these; are essentials,
but training in their duties and obligations of
citizenship, and instruction in American history
and the meanng of our constitution.
The enormous demand for the textbook on
citizenship for the teaching of candidates for
citizenship, issued by authority of congress by
the bureau of naturalization, proves the intense
iesire of the people to learn who we are and why
we are. -
There are nearly 2,200 communities, embrac
ing thousands of schools, using this. textbook to
teach the foreign-born, and when the graduates
of these classes appear before the judicial bar to
receive their final papers their knowledge of
America astounds tjieir examiners.
Many of them can tell all about Pocahontas
and the early settlers, recite offhand the signers
of the Declaration, name the presidents from
Washington down to Wilson, express a clear un
derstanding of the constitution, and give a fairly
correct account of our national growth and all
in gDod English.
The development of this systerir of education
is practical economy. It puts to beneficial use
schcol buildings during a time when otherwise
they would be idle, and the costs incident to keep
ing them in operation during these few hours
are so slight, compared with the benefits to the
.people, they are not worth counting.
St ill there are in some cities and towns citi
zens who apparently believe they have fulfilled
all educational needs when they make provision
for teaching their children. This is a mistake
which is well proved by the facts set down.
Education ought not to be restricted to the
children. So long as our men and women need
it ,the school buildings ought to be open to them,
and the facilities for learning ought to be provid
ed fit the time when it is possible for them to
The public school will fulfill its historic mis
sion when it is made the center of the patriotism
of every community.
The highest patriotism is the education of the
people in the history of the nation.
Study the constitution.
URGE STRICTER SCHOOL LAWS
Miss Julia Lathrop, chief of the children's bu
reau ; Louis Brownlow, chairman of the board
of commissioners of the District of Columbia;
Dr. Dorothy Reed Mendenhall of the children's
bureau; Dr. Radmila Lazarevitch Milochevitch
of Serbia, and Dr. Takayuki Namaye of Japan,
dele-rates to the international child welfare con
ference, urge stricter school laws to combat
child labor. "Of the 2,000,000 children under
S S Bf-Si
g LEGISLATORS AND
Their only legal protectionjigsgigggggsggggggg
sixteen years old gainfully employed," says Miss 2 a g
Lathrop, "less than 300,000 are in occupations i
1 controlled by the child labor law. Three-fourths
of the children of the country are employed in
is the school attendance laws, many of which are
inadequate and poorly enforced. State and fed
eral reports on rural schools are filled with de
scriptions of short terms, poor school houses and
underpaid teachers. In England the root of ru
ral child labor has been cut by the new educa
tion act, which provides that all children up. to
fourteen years old shall go to school for the full
term. The United, States could secure the same
result by invoking the method of joint state and
federal contributions now employed to promote
vocational education. To make it possible for
children to remain at school, scholarships should
be established to pay at least part of the wages
the children might be earning."
- From whichever point of view those
present looked at the controversy in
the house Wednesday, there was one
thing they were practically united
on, and that was the debating ability
of the young representative from Du
val, Mr. Waybright. Another young
man who won laurels for himself at
that debate was Mr. Edge, of Lake.
Mr. Epperson, of Levy1! the chair
man of the committee on finance and
taxation in the house, was absent
from his seat a couple of days dur
ing the first of the week, on account
of a slight illness. He is on the job
again now, trying to pass measures
that will improve the finances of the
THE POWER OF PRAYER.
v Peter, the apostle, was in prison. And the rest
of the apostolic company held a prayer meeting
to ask God for his deliverance.
Suddenly there came a rap at the door. And
a maid, listening, recognized Peter's voice, he
he was becoming impatient and evidently had
begun to call. .
Without ' opening the door ahe ran joyfully
into the room, declaring that Peter was at the
door. " '
"You are mad," the company said, "you saw
his ghost the soldiers have already killed him."
' But Peter continued knocking and , soon
brought the people to the door.
And the scripture story tells us that "they
were astonished." They evidently never expect
ed that their prayer would be answered.
One ofthe fundamental principles of prayer
is faith. And the promise of answered prayer is
to those who believe. f
fc J " J has been the occasion of practically
believe that ye receive them, and ye snail nave an the state politicians assembling
them," is the promise.
- Literally, it means "believe that ye have re
ceived them, and ye shall have them." ;-s :
Perhaps this seems too easy. But you'll find
rin connection with nearly every great prayer-
promise a condition which must be observed.
For example, immediately following the won
derful promise just quoted in this command:
"And when ye stand praying, forgive, if ye
have ought against any; that your. Father also
which is in heaven may forgive you your tres
passes.' , . . ,
ONE MDRESTEPnTO THE PROMISED LAND"
Tallahassee, May 30. The outcome
of the Wilder-Scruggs contest In the
house was a great victory for the
amendment so far as the house was
concerned, and maybe that was as
far as it was intended to go. It is
contended by some of the advocates
of the amendment as adopted that
no harm can possibly come of it, for
if the senate refuses to accept It
they will take the senate bill.
The dozens of people who came to
the capital In feverish haste during
the early part of . the week to rush
through the house the things they
were most interested in, were a sorely
aggrieved people, so they said. The
house consuming Wednesday on the
passage of two bills only, while they
had" dozens in their pockets or on the
calendar, each of which was the most
important bill in the world, was so
exasperating to the visitors that there
would be an occasional explosion. But
these little incidents didn't disturb
the stolid nerve of the house.
There is complaint among the visit
ors to the capital during the past
week that there is little doing in the
way of political prognostications, and
the same as to announcements for
the primaries now only a year ahead.
In this respect the sitting of this
legislature before the state primaries
at the capital and making up slates.
Sometimes they, would be changed or
completely made anew before the end
of , the session, but they were mada
just as seriously as' if that- settled
the whole question, except the ratifi
cation at the polls. From present in
dications these fellows have tired of
making slates for reckless breaking
by the voters at the primaries.
A banquet at the Leon hotel, given
by the new adjutant-general Wednes
day night, is said to have been re
sponsible for no night session of the
house on the second after it had com
menced to hold them ''for- tbe re
mainder of the' session." The'-gentleman
from Hillsborough county, Dr.
Hariblin, expressed his disgust rath
er freely. "If this is the way we
are going to act,'. said he, "we might
just as well have remained at home."
Judge Stewart, of the county court
of Nassau county, is among the inter
esting visitors at the capital. He
was formerly a member of the house,
and a very popular one, and declares
he just , came up to have a look in
before the close of the present ses
sion. He has .many warm friends
among the old lawmakers. -
When Judge Price of Miami, left
here about two weeks ago, he thoaght
it was impossible for him to get
back before the end of the session,
but ha is here again. Wherever leg
islation for the public good is con
templated, there the judge gravltat3
just as naturally as the needle points
to the pole.
The county superintendents of pub
lic instruction are here again in fore.
Among those here yesterday was It.
K. Hall, of Dade county; Dixie Hol
lins. of Pinellas county, and Dr. Hath
away, of' Duval county.
ACHIEVING THE IMPOSSIBLE.
"In days of old, when knights were bold, and
barons earned their sway," the most daring
flight of fancy was not trans-atlantic, and the
mind of man had never conceived the winders
W'hich have become realities..
When Commander A. C. Read reached the
coast of portugal, thus achieving the coveted
honor of making the first trans-atlantic flight,
he wrote his name on the pages of science as well
as of history, and achieved what but a few years
ago would have been declared not only impos
sible, but which would have been looked upon as
a chimerical dream, worse than any that Don
Quixote ever indulged in.
Who has not read the story of Darius Green
and his flying machine? . Who has not laughed
at this phantasy, and who that has laughed has
not waked to wonder at the truth that has slowly
taken form, in spite of ridicule and doubt ?
.In the successful flight of Commander Read
across the Atlantic, Pensacola takes a personal
pride, because here he is well known, as were the
commanders of all the planes who entered upon
The United States naval seaplanes NC-1, NC-2
and NC-4 started from Rockaway Point, New
York, on May 8 on the preliminary leg of their
flight across the Atlantic. The NC-1 and NC-3
made a continuous flight to Halifax, reaching
there in safety. The NC-4, however, encountered
engine trouble and was forced to alight in the
sea off Chatham, Mass. It was towed into the
harbor and repairs were rushed there and the
machine put in shape to continue its voyage.
On May 14 the NC-4 left Chatham and arrived
at Halifax in safety. The next day it continued
its fligrit to Trepassey, N. F., where it joined the
NC-1 and NC-3 which reached Trepassey on May
15. The three seaplanes left Trepassey on May
16 on their way to the Azores and the NC-4 ar
rived at Hortia, in the Azores, the next day, hav
ing been in the air thirteen hours. The NC-1
lost her way in a fog and her crew was picked
up by a Greek steamer and taken to the Azores,
the seaplane being lost. The NC-3, after losing
her bearings, alighted on the sea, from which
it was unable to rise. After being missing for
fifty-two hours, the NC-3 entered the harbor of
Ponta Delgada, Azores, under her own power.
She was so badly battered by the seas she en
countered, however, that she was retired from
the contest, leaving the NC-4 the .sole survivor
of the trip.
A man who may be called John Jones, because that wasn't his name, made
mighty good plows for a certain type oi farmer.
The plow had been invented by John's grandfather, who supplied his near neighbors, manufac
turing the implement in a crude, homely way. '
John's father had put up a little more modern factory and from it turned out plows enough to
supply the farmers of several counties in the immediate vicinity.
When the business came Into his hands, John determined that it should be a monument to father
and grandfather and something he cold hand down to his children with pride.
Things went well for a time, but after a while the farmers of the part of the country in which"
Jones' plows had been sold were forced to change their methods and grow other crops than those
in cultivating which these implements were useful. .
At first John was pretty badly discouraged by this turn in his affairs, but he soon made up his mind
there was a way out and wrote to the publisher of his favorite farm paper for advice. The reply
advised Jones to go to sec the Brown and Smith Advertising Agency, in a not far-distant city.
John Jones never had advertised and knew nothing of advertising agencies, but he went to ice the
Brown and Smith people. They found out farming conditions still were favorable to the use of
Jones plows, helped John to get dealer agents in that territory and prepared advertisements for
the farm journals and newspapers which covered it.
That was only a few j-cars "ago, but now John Jones is making and selling more plows in a week
than his father did in a month or his grandfather in a year. And advertising has so reduced his
selling costs that even in times of high-priced materials and labor he has been able to lower prices
without cutting down his legitimate manufacturing profit. m .
Yur problem may nt he f the same nature as that which confronted Jones, but if it has
to do with sales there is a part for advertising to play in solving it. Any one or all of tke
i advertising agencies of the South, named below, will be glad to advise you about the appli
cation of advertising to your business, free of charge and without obligation on your part.
Basham Company, Thomas Louisville, Ky.
Cecil, Barreto and Cecil, Richmond, Va.
Chambers Agency, Inc., New Orleans, La.
Chesman and Company, Nelson, Chattanooga, Term.
Ferry-Hanly Advertising Co., New Orleans, La.
Johnson and Dallis Company, Atlanta, Ga.
Massengale Advertising Agency, Atlanta, Ga.
Staples and Staples, Inc., Richmond. Va.
Thomas Advertising Service.-The, Jacksonville Fla.
tf embers Southern Council, American
Association of Advertising Agencies
This mdwrtistmnt OrrpsnJ kf
The Thmss Airrrtlsimf Strvict
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