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The Pensacola journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, June 06, 1919, Image 1

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s Read the Journal ad- 8'
s vertisements. They have s
s message for you. B
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33
& Fair Friday except showers R
&: over touth portion; Saturday
S; fair w ith gentle shifting winds. &
PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 6, 1919.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
VOL. XXII. NO. 154.
AO .ft
TUNNEL EXPLOSION CLAIMS ENORMOUS TOLL OF LIFE
i- rv aJI Rv -Jt- CV
o rvi lrJ IS) I (rV
L S. SENATE RUNS
ISSUES INVOLVED IN THE PEACE
'ACT 1M 5 HOURS HEATED DEBATE
Argument Developed Into
Partisan Discussions and
Personal Thrusts Among
Members
HITCHCOCK DEMANDS
A SEARCHING PROBE
By Working Over Sunday
Council of Four Expect to
Answer German Counter
Proposals Monday.
Washington, June 5. In more
than a five hours heated debate
today the senate ran the whole
scale of issues involved in the
peace treaty fight. Starting
with the. controversy over the
publication of the treaty, the
discussicn drifted to principles
of the treaty itself, and the
League of Nations and before it
was finished involved charges of
partisanship and politics from
both sidos of the chamber. (
Senate r Hitchcock charged
that Lodge and Borah made an
attack o ; almost scandalous na
ture" on the president in state
ments tilling of copies of un
published treaty in New York.
Hitchcock demanded a search
ing investigation. Senator Lodge
replied there was nothing to
conceal and he would welcome
an investigation which should
include also the democratic state
department. Borah made a
similar statement and . then
rV, arced there was "a conduit"
between those backing the league
t enforce neace, headed by ior
mer President Taft, and those
who possess information as to
what is in the treaty.
Tonight Acting Secretary Polk
of the state department took a
hand in the controversy, issuing
a statement denying the declara
tion of Senator Lodge during
debate that the state department
had told newspaper men finan
cial sections of the treaty were
in the hands of financial inter
ests in New York.
Paris. June B- Such progress was
made by Vie council of four today that
Ty working through Sunday it s hoped
to reply b the German counterpro
posal wheh may be ready for del v
Try Monday. The council has decid
ed to refuse Germany's request tha.
fixed the sum for repatriations indi-
vated in the treaty.
rails. June S-""
Orlando ot Italy. conteweA
mier Clerrenceau today on the O
tic problem. La Liberte says ndlca-
were today that a settlement of
the Fiumo question was near. uli
Sim. of the Jugoslavs, it adds, prob
alTwill not be met. The paper says
palmatta will So to Italy while the
Jugoslavs will get Sebenlco.
Vienna. June 5.-Allled yentlon
in Hungaiy was urged by Julius An
dreassyf former Austro-Hungarian
JoTeTgnn.nister. in .?t.m.nt tcdr
It is useless to treat wun "
1st, he said, adding it would be fifty
years before the waste caused by them
would be undone.
Austria', attitude toward the peace
terms pres ented her representatives at
St. Germain Monday has not been of
ficially nu de known to the allies, ao
xices from Vienna, however, carry re
ports of official dissatisfaction with
their prov sions and a chorus of news
paper disapprobation. Ther are indi
cations nevertheless, that the people
a whoVs are somewhat lethargic.
WHOLE SCALE
..'.. 'v:' '- ;!:: v. ..:::::.!. v.-. ;-:: -
, - t
' - " '
- K
Cummins, of Iowa, is the president
pro tern and presides when the vice
president is absent. He Deiongs 10
what they call the progressive wing
of the republican senatorial party.
EMPLOYEES OF
WESTERNJD101
ORDERED OUT
President of Union Says
Strike Order is'Issued in
Support of Walk Out of
Atlanta Operators.
. Washington, June 5. Employes of
the Western Union in Florida, Ala
bama, Georgia, North and South
Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia,
Kentucky, Mississippi and New Or
leans, who are members of the Com
mercial Telegraphers Union, were or
dered to strike immediately tonight
by S. J. Konenkamp, president of that
organization.
Konencamp said the strike order
was issued in support of Atlanta tel
egraph and Telephone operators who
struck several days ago, and asserted
that, it would unquestionably be fol
iinr hv a nation -wide strike with-
IV " J
in a few days. "It is very HKeiy me
strike will also involve tne rosuti
company, but tnai cannot u
vw-k In Ai-1 Vof
Konenkamp saia
II1111LU -7 V- V ' '
Officials of the telegraphers unions
here announced that dispatches were
being received showing tnai memoeia
of the union were obeying rresiuui
Konenkamp's order for an immediate
strike. as rapidly as it.reacnea wiwu.
H C. Worthen. general manager i
l.tv.orn riivision of the. "Western
CWV.--- ,
Union, said, however, that the latest
move Of the union men woum
seriously affect the company.
Postmaster General Burleson tod
ordered the telephone and telegraph
svstpms returned iu f 1 -
v.Tr immediately. In a statement ac-
so. tv.A formal oraer, xsune-
declared the existing rates would
d xne t?AiHLin& .. .
... wa
.mo in effect ana mat in uiuo
!en?.i., A,arr of employes be -
lorDiauins T. :, .C:
lorDiaains o - -
cause Of union affiliations also would
The house interstate commerce
committeT was told today Assist
ant Postmaster General Koones that
if the other wire companies ad
adopted the same policy as the Pos
tal it would have strangled the gov
ernment in the conduct of the war
Koones charged that the Fo.m
avoided government
no special effort to expedite it and
transferred to the Xj"
large -mbers ofovtrnmentrmeSn
eSrwhe th; PosTal maintained
offices.
. The telephone employes who struck
Monday, alleging discharge Of union
operators failed, with the PO
exception of about a dozen to obey
Postmaster General Burleson's orders
to return to work by 6 o'clock last
night. Leaders of the striking teleg
raphers have predicted a nation-wide
strike from the local situation.
Both companies claim to be in posi
tion to keep service indefinitely de
spite the strik
HOUSE WORKING
AGAINST TIS1E
NEAR THE END
Pension Bill is Debated On
Last Full Day and Many
Old Soldiers Will be Bene
fitted. ACTION ON SUFFRAGE
IS YET POSSIBLE
Road Measures Are Now in
Good Shape to Go to Gov
ernor Rose-McRae Quar- j
- a 1
rei is Again Airea-
(BY HERBERT FELKEL.)
Tallahassee, Fla., June 5 Many fea
trues marked this afternoon's sessior.
of the house. Members working against
time stopped for debate over the special
pension bill to grant pension to w. ti.
U. Altaian, Confederate soldier who
served during the war in a Florid i
regiment and has recently returned to
the state. The house yesterday re
fused to pass a special act to grant
him pension.
A companion bill passed the senate
and came over with senate messages
today was passed with an. amendment
was added to include all cases where
residence of a year is shown. Also
passed amendment tc-the Renerai
pension act to include the militia 0
other states which were barred from
pensions by the state of Florida. -
During the debate Allman stood with
"General" Ed. Bailey, of Monticello.
Both old men with arms around each
other made a deep impression on the
house and softened the hearts of leg
..,.. ,v. injrt down the gap by
adopting an amendment to the general
law in a special act. '
The house sustained the governor In
his veto of an act reducing the statu
health levy -to one fourth of ft mill
which the senate had passed over his
Late this afternoon Governor Catts
. ,Aial 'messaire to the legisla-
ture recommending ratification of the
suffrage amendment wnicn. me u.
a onntiui vesterday. The gov-
trnor says while not in regular and
due order it would add an imperisnaoie
i i .a v, statfl to be the first state
in th i union to recognize woman as the
equal of man in the rignt or sunrage.
The secretary of state says while
no certification of state amendment has
been made none are usually made. The
prohibition amendment ratified at spe
cial session was ratified without cer
tificate to otate. It is understood the
reeolution of ratification is ready and
a poll is being taken preliminary to
J introduction.
The road measures are now in
tft the e0vernor for his ap-
- The genate conCurred in tho
provai. , . .
house amendments ana
consider the vote by which the senate
adopted the resolution proposing the
amendment to the constitution provid
ing for a bond issue of five per cent
of assessed valued failed.
- The special committee to investigate
friction between Commissioner of Agri
culture McRae and State Chemist Rose
leported today and found no serious
basis for the charges made by Rose
McRae for failure to enforce
v,o ,r fri and fertilizer laws. The
it"" .
hcommittee reported that blame for non-
enforcement of the laws appeared to
it hn the solicitor of the criminal
. ab wl, .v.
' - nf niivol rfrllntv for
. coun ui -ul - v.
if allure to prosecute. The committee
found differences between heads or
these departments temperamental and
detored the state's interests suffering
from a lack of harmony between these
officials.
; Ell Futch, ot Alachua, succeeded in
getting" his resolution proposing sub
mission of an amendment to the con
stitution to call a constitutional con-
. v..
cention to revise the state constitution
again before the house on motion to
reconsider the vote by which it failed
of adoption yesterday.
SCOUT WORKERS
CALLED TO MEET
ON NEXT MONDAY
'. A meeting of workers for the Boy
Scout week recently proclaimed by
President Wilson will" be held In the
San Carlos next Monday morning at
10 o'clock for purpose of organization.
Chairman Hancock also states that he
needs the services of four or five live
scouts today at three o'clock and that
they may volunteer for service at his
office in the federal building.
ABOUT 3,000
ALIENS ARE
NOW INTERNED
Congress is Asked By De
partment of Justice for
Legislation to Deport
Many Now Held.
GEN. KUHLENKAMPFF
IS AMONG NUMBER
Nine Hundred of Number
Held Are Regarded As
Dangerous Enemy Aliens
Who Could Never Return.
BY GEORGE MANNING.
Washington, June 5. After releas
ing on parole and sending back to
Germany and Austria approximately
700 of the more harmless class of alien
enemies since the armistice was signed
in November, the United States now
has on its hands about 3,300 German
anA Austrian Blotters against tnis
country confined in Army internment
camps at Fort Oglethorpe, oa.. ana
Fort Douglas, Utah.
svpral hundred of these will be re-
loaKed on narole from time to time but
it is the intention of the department
of justice to obtain legislation rrora
congress to provide for sending the
more dangerous prisoners back to their
own countries and keeping mem xor
ever hereafter off American soil.-
Trthe-erouD which It is proposea i
deport as particularly dangerous char
acters are such plotters against the
United States and the allies as Carl
Heynen, Gustav Stahl, Paul Koenig,
Julius PIrnitzer, Werner Horn, Karl
Muck. Ernst Kunwald and Alvo von
Alvensleben. Several of these men
wrA mnvlcted under the espionage
act and other laws, have served prison
terms and were then interned.
Among the former New Torkers of
prominence are George R. Born, An
drew L. Gomary, Fritz Jaedicks, Gus
tave Kuhlenkampff, John Meyer, Ar
thus F. F. Mothwurf, Karl Neumond,
Herbert . Pienzle, Adolph Pavenstedt,
Otto-Schaefer, Herman C. A. Seebohm.
Felix A. Sommerfield and Frederick
Stallforth.
The majority of the master minds
who did the plotting for Germany were
located in New Tork, the best natural
location for their activities. Enemy
aliens from othre cities are Adalbert K.
Fischer, Edward Mossner ana v-ari
Feldman of Philadelphia; Hugo k.
Beyer of Pittsburg; Herman William
Loth, Jr., of New Haven; E. K. Victor
of Richmond. Va.; Robert Gaede and
Max Schachman of Virginia; Hans A.,
F. Kammeyer. Alfred A. Horst, Johan
wah'n Martin Bachhus. Paul Seel and
Rudolph Charles Roether of Alabama.-
These enemy aliens were arresiea
for vriotis violations of the espionage
laws by the department of Justice and
are now being held at the internment
camps for the justice department by
the war department.
The men arrested at points east of
the Mississippf are in the pen at Fort
Oglethorpe and the men arrested in the
west are for the most part at Fort
Douglas, Utah.
The web which was woven , by the
department of justice, the military in
telligence bureau or tne war aepart-
ment and other federal agencies caught
treasury department, the labor depart
ment an dother federal agencies caught
hn..t 2 000 citizens of enemy countries
who were plotting In this countrty to
bring victory to Germany.
Added to this number were about 2,
000 seamen on the German ships seized
in "American ports when the war was
declared, who were placed along with
the others in the army internment
camps. Almost all of the latter class
have made application for repatriation
to Germany. Because they were for
most part only seamen who did not
supply the brains for the German plots
jiily happened to be in American
pQj-ts several hundred of them have
' alradv released on parole.
Several hundred enemy aliens have
been released 'who did not commit
dangerout crimes against the United
Stats but were arrested for expressing
sympathy with Germany or denouncing
the United States. They were held
during the war partly to Insure their
owi safety and to preclude the possi
bility of their committing some crime.
There are approximately 900 dan
gerous enemy aliens whom the depart
ment of Justice intends to keep In the
army internment camps until the trea
ty of peace is ratified or until congress
passes the legislation for their depor
tation. About 200 of this group are
Continued On Page Two.)
li
s fly fcsvit$if& x 1,1'
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' fen R -j H ;
L. r tyq,.
Here are members of the American delegation to the peace congress
at the Trianon palace In ' Versailles f or the r presentation . of ; the, peace
treaty fernrs to the-German, delegate sCttldent Wilson U at the left,
Col. House behind ; him" and General Bliss next, while in front with the
president stands the British premier, Iavld Lloyd George.
DISASTER IN
iunncLtuiu
ENORMOUS TOLL
Steel Powder Kegs On Train;
Come, in Contact With
Sagging Electric Wire Ex
plosion Follows."
wiiL-osHnrr June 5. Eishty-three
fiftv nthpra burned .and!
maimed, many of whim will die, is the of the state in Pensacola yesterday in
toll of a disaster in. the Baltimore tun-' j which he asserted his main object has
nel here of the Delaware and Hudson j been tQ feel out the puise Qf the peo
Coal Co. survivors said "e hundred , g Billingsley, of Miami,
pounds of black powder were detonated , f re' JUUbC ,
1 .. . . . urt t o-ht nn Vita return homo
when a sagging trolley wire 01 a imuBii. .s. ..6l
railway came in contact with a steel
powder keg forming a short circuit.
The accident occurred two hundred
feet from the entrance to the tun
nel. August Ruddic one of the survivors,
stated that as the sagging wire touched
the powder keg, there was a shower
of sparks and a terrific blast.
A great heat flame drawn by air
current, enveloped the helpless work
men huddled closely together in cars
with no possible chance to escape.
Owing to the ventilating system, tne
smoke and flames were drawn inward
and the first Intimation of the dis
aster to those on the surface was the
shrieks of the injured.
.Rescue parties immediately formed
and when they entered the tunnel found
dead and dying piled in heaps in cars
and along the tunnel. Some bodies
of the dead were burned to a crisp.
BOLSHEVIKI OWN
DEFEAT ON URAL
AND AT URALSK
Stockholm, June 5. The Bolsheviki
Acknowledge defeat by the Siberians
and Cossacks on the Ural , river, accord
ing to Helsingfors dispatch. The Bol
sheviki have been forced to evacuate
Uralsk, capital of the territory of that
name.
DAKOTANS DEMAND
REFERENDUM ON
PROHIBITION LAW
Pierre, South Dakota. June 5. The
South Dakota direct legislation organi
zation today filed with the secretary
of state a referendum petition bearing
sixteen thousand signatures calling for
'a vote in November 1920 on the 1919
bone dry prohibition law.
BILUNGSLE
WILtCANVASS
STATEON
Miami -Jurist is ; Encouraged
By Expressions Favorable
to His Candidacy for At
torney General.
Winding up a whirl-wind campaign
via DeFuniak Springs, where he went
to spend the night with friends.
Judge Billingsley stated to a repre
sentative, of the Journal that he had
received even more genuine encour
agement in this, .as well as ' other
parts of the state, In his candidacy for
the office of attorney general of -Florida,
than he had expected, in view
of which he will return home, get
out his Ford, tire it all "round and
begin at once a thoroughly covering
canvass of the state.
Judge Billingsley. is,, so far, the only
actually announced candidate for the
office, since it is conceded that As
sistant State's Attorney C. O. An
drews is out of the running, he having
only a few days ago been appointed
judge of the newly created Seven
teenth judicial circuit, embracing the
counties of Orange, Lake and Sum
ter. The other assistant in the office
of Attorney General Van Swearlngen,
Worth Trammell, will very probably
be a candidate it is expected, though
he has not definitely' announced
Neither has Mr. Swearlngen definitely
announced that he will not be a-candidate
for reelection, though it is gen
erally conceded he will be and that h
in the race for governor, probaoij-.
with Mr. Hardee, of Live Oak, and
Mr. Carlton, of Tampa, as running
mates. ,
Judge Billingsley at this early stage
of the race, does not mention any
particular issues upon which he ex
pects to line up, but" promises the vot
ers of the state that if elected he will
endeavor to give Florida a. strictly
fcusiness administration of the af
fairs of the office that will be open
and above board. He is known a.3 a
self-made man who was successful In
building up a business in his own
profession from the ground and as a
jurist he has entered the race deter
mined to win, he asserts-
FORD
HOME SERVICE
CAMPAIGN IS
REPORTED OVER
More Than $17,000 of-West
Florida Zone Quota of
$34,000 Was Subscribed in
Pensacola".
ARMY HOME HERE IS
CONSIDERED ASSURED
Not All of Returns Yet in
From All Chairmen But
Total Exceeds $31,000
With More to Come.
The official announcement that th
Salvation Army Home Service drive
is Over was made last night to the
Journal by Zone Chairman B. S. Han
cock, who declared that the figures
in hand seem to assure the construc
tion of the proposed 125,000 building
which will Serv a the zone home, or
the army headquarters, for the entire '
portion of West Florida.
This will be most acceptable news
to those who appreciate every acquisition-
to the city's resources and
especially to those who realize that
sort of work is destined to retain
every quarters of the fyne from the
headquarters building. :it was from
appreciation of these things that the
leaders of the drive made such a
tenacious and prolonged effort to carry-
the whole of the territory over
the top.
Now that the struggle is over and
victory Is perched upon their banners,
they are declaring that the toil of
the campaign is all but forgotten in
the pride of victory and the con
sciousness of a good work well done.
While some of the county treasurers
have not yet sent in a final tabula
tion of receipts, the zone treasurer is
not yet able to state the grand total
subscribed; it is known that more
than $31,000 has been pledged. Of
this amount more than $17,000 came
out of Escambia county. The county's
official quota was but $10,000; the
local directors, however, voluntarily
assumed to change this county's
quota to a much larger sum In order
to carry the zone to victory. This
made it possible to reduce the quota
of several of the counties further
east in the zone, and while, even with
this help, some of them have not yet
gone over, Mr. Hancock has personal
assurances from all the chairmen of
counties lagging behind that they will
not let up in their efforts till they
have reached the goal.
The fight has been an un hill one
because so many people in the rural
communities did pot understand Sal
vation Army work at all, and had to
be j awakened and educated. How
true this was may be. well Illustrated
by the case of a clergyman in the
district, who was asked to preacn
in-the interest of the drive and re
fused on the ground that he was be
ing asked to be disloyal to his own
church. On the last day of the drive
in his town, this minister appeared
on the platform, confessed his former
lack of appreciation and the light he
had received, and wrote a check tc
doable a subscription he had made
the day before.
Prominent visiting workers depart
ed last night for their homes. Man
ager W. G. Green and Miss Rheba
Crawford to Atlanta, and Miss Dodd
to New York.
P. I Rollo, of the flying squadron,
has returned to the city. Chairman
Hancock is writing each county
chairmen, urging them to have their
county treasurers hasten final reports
to Zone Treasurer E. K. Malone, of
Pensacola. This will facilitate his fi
nal reports to headquarters at New
York. Mr. Hancock is also address
ing a letter of congratulation and ap
preciation to all the county chalrnun
for all who have worked toward the
success achieved.
Meeting to be Held.
Captain Bergren announces that to
night at 8 o'clock there will be a
meeting,, at the present hall. No.
Zarragossa street, to which all Chris
tians are earnestly Invited, whatever
denomination they wnay favor, and
including those who are undenomina
tional. Evangelist . O. Self, of
Peniel, Texas, who has been assist
ing Capt. Bergren recently, will speak
at the meeting. This will be the first
conspicuous opportunity since the
army came into such great general
prominence in the drive, that its new
friends and its old ones have had to
meet the army in its distinctively
spiritual work, and the leaders are
hoping that there will be a lar re
sponse to the invitation.
f

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