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THE PSNSACOLA JOURNAL SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 8, 1919.
DAILY W E SUNDAY Journal Publishing Company LOIS K MATES, . President, and General Manager. Conducted from 1892 to X916 Under .... the Editorship and Management of Cot Frnk' L. Mayes. ; MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS American Newspaper Publishers Association Florida Press Association Southern Newspaper Publishers Association SUBSCRIPTION ; RATES:- ...... On Week. Dally and Sunday '..... Two Weeks, rxilly ana frnnoiy One Month. Dallr and Sunday Thre Months. Dally and Sunday S x Months. railv and Sunday,.... One Year. nallv and Snnday K mrtnv Only. One Twt w I nr..b1 TAiim1 Crtk Vmnr ..... i ........... Mall enbrlitlon are pavaV Tn "TV?e,: J"5 will be discontinued on expiration data. .1 .39 S.if S.60 1.5 1.00 OFFICE .toiT-nnl T?l1r.. Cor. tntendenela and De-Streets. PHONES Editorial Rooms. SS President 4? PiilnMfi Office. .1500 The Associated Press la eclustvely. entitled to th use for republication of ell news credited to It or not other, wise credited In this paper and , also to local news puh- !'hed. ' " .' '' ; Entered as second c!s 88 matter at the postofflce In Pensaeola. Florida, under Act of Con stress. March S, 187 Represented In the General Advertising Field By CONE. UOREN7.EN & WOODMAN New Tork. Chicago. Detroit. Kansas Cit7. Atlanta SUNDAY MORNING, - JUNE 8. 1918 THEIR NEEDS. A neuTprinciple is creeping into wage relations the principle of payment according to needs. It lias come so gradually we either have not no ticed it or think it has always been there. Hitherto wages were fixed according to the market. The employer, criticized for the mis ery of his employe, replied, "I pay what the mar ket requires." . : " Wages were then what the commodity, "labor power" cost. They are coming to be what thej human being who works requires. This is- the economic side of the principle first'announced by American .unions, later written into national leg islation and now embodied'in the greatest of in ternational documents, the principle that the la bor of human being shall not be" treated as a com- j modity. Progress to this point has been painfully slow. Economists insisted that movement in this di rection was impossible and undesirable. Law maters were unanimous in declaring such action impracticable. Employers swore that any at tempt to interfere with the fixing of wages by "the higgling of the market" would destroy in dustry. In the first half of the last century a few peo ple began to say that the race dare not let com petition fix the wages of little children. It was but yesterday that the social conscience, here and there, was quickened to hurt arising from per mitting the labor of the mothers of the race to become an object of unrestricted barter. So the idea of a minimum wage for women crept upon the statute books and through the courts and into' the shop to stand as a barrier to economic pressure applied to the wages of wom en. These laws insist that the human being back of the labor power be the first consideration in determining wages. ) It was inevitable that voices should soon arise asking why if living standards for women and children were to be protected when they entered industry, why should they not be equally protect ed while the father stood between them and the factory. Labor was revolting against the prin ciple of the "dutch auction," with the job awerd ed to the cheapest bidder, being applied in the labcr market. The war came. Human strength and human life were spent so freely that they became ex pensive commodities if. they, were still consid ered commodities. Half-starved people could not fight nor work effectively, nor would they sac rifice and die for a country that rewarded them with semi-starvation at least not in a democracy and was the war not. being fought, for democ racy? Wherever governmental agencies were estab lished 'to deal with the wage disputes that sprung fron the rising prices, these bodies did not dare set up the old "labor market" standards. The war labor board in the United States gave no heed to the quotations on the "labor market" un til it first determined if they were high enough to maintain health and efficiency. We have not reached there yet,-but the goal is in sight where needs and not bargaining power will fix the minimum of wages everywhere. The industry that cannot pay this minimum must disappear and not remain-to live, vampire-like, upon the blood and strength of a weakened work ing class. V ' ' : , 1 Above this minimum a regulated struggle will still, for some time at least, tend to bargain col lectively over the exact amount of wages. : " When the ladies votelhe stump speaker will do l?ss talking aboutthe rights of the PLAIN people. - ";, '' , ',' : IDEAL HEALTH PROGRAM. For those who like to figure problems in money terms we will present this. At the present time we have educational plants which cost certain amounts to construct and maintain. We know that the children who attend these schools are not physically efficient. We cannot place the estimate higher than 80 per cent of what it should be. As definite proof of this any school examiner or teacher will tell you that the more backward a group of children the more physical defects are found. Is it good business to at tempt to turn out a good product from inferior material when the raw material could be made better? It is stated that rural children are less healthy and therefore more handicapped by ill health than city children, even including those from the slums. There are many reasons why this is so and it all comes back to health supervision on the part of all concerned. Even local figures agree in this direction. It is observable that the percentage of eye K troubles, like "granulated lids" (trachona), is less in the city than country children. Many of these more favored children have come from other parts of the country where school supervision is more complete. At the same time in the schools of this city, even the teaching organization has been better built so that more and better experienced teachers have kept a sharper lookout. It would seem that the combination of free schools and compulsory education would be the creative force for the great opportunity of health education-. Thp co-operation of the home and the school should be" fostered by the centralized health department: The home and school should embody the practical lessons of sanitation and wholesomness. Health habits would, then be il lustrated and not preached. Furthermore, if parents and teachers would learn the early com mon symptoms of contagious diseases and the proper action to take even before the school doc tor or nurse found, them there would need be no fear of school epidemics. These happen now be cause the newly sick are allowed to mingle with the well. This is done generally through ig norance. But there are yet too many instances where exposure to contagion of young children is made by parents so that they will "have it and be over with it." Some day such things will not be done. Our aim and final goal then is an ideal health program carried into effect among the portion of our population of school age. Such a health program which lies before this, as other com munities, is a complex one. It involves the co operation of parents and teachers with the school doctors, school nurses and other school authori ties. The amount of work which needs to be done may well seem discouraging. But .with a permanent group of earnest spirits the task of making a better, class of men and women for the near future from the child life of today need not be considered impossible. What is being done elsewhere can be made an accomplished fact in Pensaeola. DfflOCRACYIS BEING TRIED , I INDUSTRY IT IS BELIEVED EXPERIMENTS BEING CONDUCTED IN FIVE CITIES WILL PROVE FINE AN TIDOTE TO BOLSHEVISM. CONFIDENCE AND ABILITY. Confidence in oneself and one's ability is nec essary to any success Whatever our business may be, in some way it must be related to other people, and we cannot expect to gain the confi dence of others unless we have confidence our selves. But we must not forget that there is a differ ence between self-confidence and self-conceit. Confidence must necessarily be based on one's reliance on one's self. Selfrconceit has no basis except in egotism. ' We hear and read a great deal about this nec essity of having confidence in ourselves and our abilities and the need of impressing these quali ties oh other people in order to insure our suc cess. And this is true, as far as it goes, but, .strange to say, many of us overlook the fact that we cannot impress our abilities upon others un less we possess those abilities. No matter how successful we may wish to be, no matter how ambitious, how determined, how sure of ourselves, unless our confidence is based upon something within us that demands our own respect as well as the respect of others, we must eventually fail. How can we have confidence in our own ability unless we possess ability? It 1s as foolish as to talk about confidence in oneslf, unless one has something to be confident about, as it is to ex press personality unless one has a personality worth expressing. - The thing for us to do is to build up our ability and self-confidence by doing our level best at all times and in all places so shall be build char acter as well as ability. iNew York, June 5. Manufacturers and union labor leaders all over the United States are said to be -watching with interest and sympathy the ex periment in industrial democracy which is now being conducted in five cities Ft. Wayne, Ind., ' Sheltoti, Conn., Cleveland, Ohio, Paterson N. J. and Brooklyn N. Y., and which, -.t is believed by some of them, will scotch if it does not prevent Bolshe vism In industrial centers where it 3 put into effect. The originator of the plan, John Leitch, an efficiency engineer, start ed it among S00 employes of a Fort Wayne piano factory. Its basis was the constitution of the United States. The factory was administered " by a senate, a house of representatives and a cabinet corresponding: to the aids and advisors of the president. Its success is said to have been immed iate and permanent. Yale University, the National Council of Defense and the National Association of manufac turers are said to be a few of the bodies that are investigating the mer its of the plan. B. Edmund Davis, head of the silk manufacturing corporation in Pater Son, N. J., who was instrumental in introducing the system in his factory in that city about a year ago, ex pressed today the keenest satisfaction at the results attained and said ha hoped ultimately, to establish similar working condlions . in four other of his mills In York, Reading, Scranton and Beavertown, Pa. The Paterson manufacturer, however, said the new system should not be considered a "panacea" or adaptable to all kinds and sizes of industrial establish ments. "Its outstanding feature," said Mr. David, "is the ungrudging recogni tion, on the part of the employer, of the worker's right to a voice in the determination of matters which are of vital interest to him which lends the additional dignity, to his position which self-government invariably i carries with it. Industrial democracy or, r siitu tionalism in industry," he saU, "wa3 first explained to the workers. A broad and fundamental set of rules adopted which was to guide manage ment and workers. The four corner stones of this business edifice were justice, cooperation, economy and en ergy. Its capstone was service. This policy, as the supreme law of the es tablishment, has never failed to sug gest a solution when troublesome questions arise." In proof of the system's practica bility, Mr. Davis pointed out that last winter, when almost every other Silk mill in Paterson was closed as the re sult of a strike, the David mill was not affected, but maintained full pro duction and was kept in continuous operation as by members of one con tented and harmonious family. Explaining the operation of the plan, Mr. David said the cabinet Con sists of the executive officers of the company chosen by directors of the corporation. It has the power to veto and may initiate "legislation' as well as make suggestions to the senate and house. Neither the Senate or house are obligated to adopt the cabinet's rec ommendations and when they do they have the power to amend them. The cabinet, therefore, instead of issuing orders, is merely a part of the dem ocratic control of the whole plant. "The senate," explained Mr. David, "is composed of the foreman and de partment heads. It may initiate leg islation which, before going to the cabinet for approval, must be ac cepted by the house "The house is elected by a secret vote of all the workers in the mill, one representative for every twenty workers. The house meets weekly on company time. Much of the leg islative work Is done by a committee appointed by the presidents of the senate and house. "There is a review board to which a discharged worker may appeal hU case, and a board of appeals giving such worker an opportunity for the redress of grievances, real or fancied. Xf EURALGIA or Headach Rub the forehead and temples with VicirsV 'APORI oug BODYGUARD" 30f. 60. t&O at the hands of a department head." Every two weeks a "dividend" 1 paid to each worker who has scored a certain number of points in effi ciency, economy, punctuality and reg ularity of work. ff Ugh! Calomel Sickens; Salivates! Please Try Dodson's Liver Tone I am sincere ! My medicine 'does nobmpset liver and "bowels so you lose a day's -work. You're bjtllous! Tour liver Is slug gish! You feel lazy, dizzy and all knocked out. Your head is dull, your tongue is coated; breath bad; stomach eour and bowels constipated. But don't take salivating calomel. It makes you sick-; yon may lose a day's work. Calomel is mercury or quicksilver which causes necrosis of the bones. Calomel crashes into sour bile like dy namite, breaking it vp. That's when you feel that awful nausea snd cramp ing. If you want to enjoy the nicest, gentlest liver and bowel cleansing you ever experienced Just take a spoonful of harmless Dodson's Liver Tone to night. Your druggist or dealer sells you a bottle i Dodson's Liver Tone for a few cents under my personal money-back guarantee that each spoonful will clean your sluggish liver better than a dose of nasty calomel and that it won't make yon sick. Dodson's Liver Tone is real liver medicine. You'll know tt next morn ing because you will wake up feeWn fine, your liver will "be working, your headache and dizziness gone, .yu stomach will be sweet and your bow els regular. You will feel like work ing; you'll be cheerful; full of vigoi and ambition. Dodson's Liver Tone Is entirety vegetable, therefore harmless and can not salivate. Give it to your children. Millions of people are using Dodson's Liver Tone instead of dangerous calo mel now. Your druggist will tell you that the sale of calomel is almost stopped entirely here; Adv, (U. S. nDEtPAOSTfiaiEIW F ILAlBffllE . Heinie'g wail is occasioned by the fact that he didn't know ajsquare deal had so many sharp edges. " Why all - this patient discussion of the terms with Heinie? Who won this War, any way? EE I u Never was there a time when proper advertising: offered greater assurance of profitable results nor when there was a better opportunity for its prof itable employ ment by progressive merchants and manufacturers. Its potential usefulness, un der existing circumstances, is so gTeat that every business should utilize advertising to a larger extent than at any previous time. The public has the moneygo get it. Advertise. Advertise, increase your advertising. Have it as forceful and productive as the best brains and skill can make it. Make your present prosperity permanent by advertising. l' When you put the power, of advertising promotion and its great selling econ omies back of your own business, you are also spreading the spirit of optimism and good will. Advertising is the surest, quickest, and most economical business developer known to industry. Use it now. U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LAB A I 1 ROGER W. BABSON, Director General, Information and Education Service W. B. WILSON, Secretary