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B Part y cloudy Sunday with 53 M probably showers except in the 5? H extreme south portion. Monday S INS regally fair with gentle to M H nodert.te shifting winds. S rrr 3 0 PAGES TODAY S9 VOL. XXII NO. 178. PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, StJNDAY MORNING, JUNE 29, 1919. PRICE FIVE CENTS Hi? nnP WORLD -WAR IS FORMALLY EN OK 13 7"TA1TI7 I V M Hal L.J( it Ala &i 4 & aM U ATY n S a m e Imperial Hall Where Germans Humbled the F rench 48 Years Ago They Humble. PRESIDENT WILSON IS HOMEWARD BOUND Withdrawal of Blockade Against Germany Depends Upon Ratification and Her Future Good Beharicr " rarla. June 28. President Wilson left Paris for his homeward Journey tonight iris train started from- the gar des Invalides for Brest at 9:45. Versailles, . June 28. Germany and the associated powers signed the peace term i here today in the same imperial hill where the Germans humbled tho French so ignomiously 48 years ago. This fonrally ended the world war, which lasted just 27 days less than five years. Tha ceremony was brief. Premljr CI smenceau called the ses sion to ordir at 8:10 this afternoon, Ir. IJermu.n Mueller and Johannes Bell, the , Gorman signatories, .affixed Ihclr tiames at 3:12 and 3:13. Presi dent Wilson, first of the allied dele fates, !grtel a minute later. At 3:45 the momentous session was concluded. All .diplomats and members of their parties wcro in, conventional civilian clothes. Thtre was a marked lack of srold lace ard pageantry. There were few of the fanciful uniforms of the Middle agre whose traditions and practices an? so sternly condemned in the j?reat eeil covered document sign ed today. The allied note to the German dele gation dealing with ratification of the treaty was delivered to the Germans late this afternoon. It is pointed out In the note, among other things, that withdrawal - of . the blockage against them depends upon ratification. When the German delegation saw the " program for the treaty signing cemeny, Herr von Ilaimhausen told Colonel Henry, llason officer, that the Serman wouldn't consent to entering by a differ nt door from the allied lelegates no-that military honors be withdrawn from them. Had the Ger mans known that such arrangements had been made, the delegates would not have cone, Haimhausen said. As i compromue. military honors were rendered the Germans as they left. Dr. Hermann Mueller and Dr. Bell, and about fi.'ty members of the Ger man mission, left Versailles at 8:20 this evening going to the noisy Le roi station. There they will board, the train on the return trip to Germany. Forty Germai secretaries will remain in Versailles to conclude the affairs of tfie German delegation. Washingtor, June 28. Signing at Versailles of the peace treaty with Germany, arringed for today, formally brings to a close the world's greatest war.- Although technical termination of the war will :ome to each nation only when the treaty is approved by the ratifying power of that nation, to all intents and purposes the conflict that began in August. 1914, will end when the historic ;3all of Mirrors, the ac credited peac j commissioners of the allied and associated powers and of Germany affis: their signatures to the treaty. Likewise will be brought to an end the irmistice granted Ger many last November 11 and also the period of uncertainty and doubt as to the final outcome of the peace nego tiations. With the sbming of the treaty work of the peace conference proper, inso far as concerns negotiations with Ger many, is brought to a conclusion after more than fiv months of conferences. Portions of the treaty with Austria yet remain to be completed and ne gotiations witl Turkey and Bulgaria still must be conducted, but as to Germany, chief of the enemy powers, only the canylng through the long series of years the provisions of the treaty remains fThe ceremony planned for today at V, Willes. which though simple, was expected to be one of the most im pressive of its kind in history, also brings to an end the work of Presi dent Wilson i i Paris, as head of the American peace mission, and in sign ing the treaty as such he becomes the first president of the United States to sign a treaty as a negotiator. Jf f L EIGHT STEPS NECESSARY TO RATIFY TREATY Two Thirds of Present Must Senators Vote for Pact Or It Fails of Accep tance. OFFICIAL ENDING WAR UP TO SENATE Any Amendment Made Must Have Approval of Other Nations Before it Becomes a Part of Covenant. BY A. E. GELDHOF. N How will the peace treaty be handled j by the senate, which must ratify it j uciur3 me war la uiiiwiciiiy ciiueu : I have made a close study of the subject from historical and other sources. Unless the senate kicks over all precedents and exercises its now weet will, here is about the way the biggest job before the new congress ! will be disposed of: 1 . President Wilson upon his return home from Europe, probably will de liver in person at the capitol a s;e- Lcial official copy of the treaty. Until i he sumits it officially It . cannot le considered,, except informally in the speeches of S;he member. The president probably jwjl make arraddtesff:to l the "seriate tb request the ratification of the treaty and ex plain some of its features, particularly the League of Nations covenant. Then Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, who will be chairman ; of the com mittee on foreign relations, will movo that the treaty be referred to his com mittee. The senate will agree to the motion without discussion. - Then will begin the big task of studying the treaty in the committee Whether the conferences of the com mittee will be open to the public is a question for the committee to decide, but the chances are the hearings will be open. - ' Advices of Experts Will Be Asked. Experts on international law will be called in to give their opinions on phases of the treaty which may seem questionable. Members of the Amer lean peace delegation at Paris, also, will be called into interpret some of the phrases. President Wilson himself may be asked by the committee to explain tha League of Nations covenant. If he ss called :n it is expected that he will appear, ready to answer any ques tions that may be asked of him, as advices from Pari3 make it appear that he is ready and willing to givo the American people all the in forma tion they desire about the treaty. The committee may adopt any num ber of amendments to the treaty by majority vote of Its members, but if it drtr. so the amendments must be ap proved by all the nations which have 'signed the treaty including Germany. if she signs it. This would mean a great delay in finally establishing tie peace of the world, so if any amend ments are offered there is certain to be a lot of argument and discission in the committee conferences. The committee will be made up of 10 re publicans and 7 democrats. Partisan feeling probably will enter into the dis cussion. May Be Two Months Delayed. How long it will take for the com mittee to consider the treaty is prob lematical, but senators now in Wash ington do not expect the committee will report for at least a month and a half or two months after the treaty is submitted to it. When the committee's report, or re ports, reach the floor of the senate there will be another discussion by senators who are not members of the foreign relations . committee. The constitution provides that two thirds of the senators present must vote for the treaty to ratify it. It is not necessary, therefore, that a two thirds vote of the entire membership bo cast in its favor, nor is it neces sary that every member of the sen ate be present. If all the 96 members were present, 64 votes would ratify the treaty. When the treaty is ratified the sen ate will advise the president of its action, just as it does in the case of any bill or resolution. President Wil son will then issue a proclamation declaring the war at an end. If, however, the senate should refuse to ratify the treaty without amend ments, then the amendments would have to be submitted to all the nations, large and small, which signed the doc ument. If they consented to the (Continued on page two) She sifini it with ihc -pen . who Ihoignl to sitfn.it Wh tjje rword 1 TMooV of her vein? and oWen tfamr sho freely vainly pbur el , And presbje Vha had cove&k and honorr sh had stored . . Vei day by day her shame and guilt, grew ike a Jonahs gourd. lill -now sno sifhns" it with a "Pen . who U U So ever whe-n a pride-m ad -prince shall pi de a Hood-rod" d ay ! Jo -ever- w"h?r tfolf-mn shall lea3 snep-rnin3ed men asiray ! Jocvcr wW) a irite would crush Us troirw ir'ibes to clay Jo even io os -should we forsake our ancient, la wfol way Or dare io raise the cankere3 sword tk "Prurffi a rvrc au,ar I 1 3F -Li, y - , irirf GULFPORTS ' TO fjfjT iiy fj' ' FREIGHT RATES Senator Fletcher is Advised By Railroad Administra tion Through Bills Lad ing Will Be Issued. BY GEORGE H. MANNING. Washington, June 28. Senator D. U. Fletcher, of Florida, was today ad vised by the United States Railroad Administration that an order has been promulgated lowering and otherwise adjusting export freight rates from the interior to the gulf and South At lantic ports, so that through bills of lading will be issued from the point of origin to destinations. This will mean a great deal to the gulf and South Atlantic ports, as It will put them on an equality to a con siderable extent with the North At lantic ports, which, because they have always enjoyed through bills of lading on export business, have heretofore held a decided advantage over the southern ports on export business. This action by the railroad admin istration has been strenuously urged by Senator Fletcher for some time. A few days ago he appeared before the railroad administration officials and urged that they take this action, as- j serting that these gulf and Atlantic ports would always be at a disadvan tage so long as they suffered from In jurious export freijit rates, while the North Atlantic ports enjoyed through export rates. Under the old rates. Senator Fletch er said, through the refusal of the eastern railroads to divide rates with the southern railroads all the export business, even including that to Cen tral and South America, has neces sarily been driven to the congested North Atlantic ports. VALERA INVITED TO SPEAK BEFORE BOSTON SOLONS New York, June 28. Eamonn de Valera. "president" of the Irish repub lic." canceled engagements and temp orarily closed his office here today preparatory to leaving for New Eng land, where he will make several ad dresses setting forth his claims for Irish independence. Monday he will address the Massachusetts house of representatives by the unanimous in vitation of its members, and has ac cepted the invitation of Gov. Bart lett, of New Hampshire, to visit that state. A mass meeting has been ar ranged for Fenway Park, Boston, Sun day afternoon, when de Valera will maka an address. .JviXdmuTxl Varxre Cooke ' SS1S Kg ! SE SSL'S 3 S 3 ST V-Steps, m Ratifying Treaty. iS 59 . P! M M 8 51 m Here are the successive steps 'g that will be necessary in end- SI tag the war in the United States M senate: ..v. 1, " President submits .official )Z draft of treaty ' and addresses ' S senate asking its ratification SC . 2. On motion of chalrman of 5? committee, treaty is referred to M committee on foreign , relations. K Committee holds & confer- ST enpes on treaty, calling in ex perts and members ,.of , peace delegation. . i-4. Committee submits to senate either bne unanimous M .j report or majority and minority S 89 reports. IE 5- Discussion of committee report or reports on floor of senate. 6. Vote on ratification: two thirds vote of senators present required to ratify. 7. Senate submits its action to president. S. President proclaims' treaty ratified and the war ended. HI BJ S! 55 IS H IS R Km K WARM PROM LAV NOT TO BE SUSPENDED YET President Wilson Announces He Has No Authority to Act in Matter Without Congress. Washington .June 2S. President Wilson, through a White House state ment tonight, announced that he would not suspend the operations of the war-time prohibition law, effec tive Monday at midnight. When demobilization terminates, the president said, "my power to act with out congressional action will be ex ercised." The terms of the war-time prohibition law do not allow him to act. the president said, until the ter mination of the demobilization of the troops, and there are still a million men in the service ' under the emer gency, the president said he was ad vised by the war department. The message from Presient Wilson made public by Secretary Tumulty, expressed no opinion as to the author ity of the president, when he does raise the ban, to make his action ap plicable only to beer and wine. Now that the peace treaty has been signed legal officers of the govern ment, probably the attorney general, will have to decide whether the sign ing terminates government control or supervision of many private activi ties, within the meaning of the laws (Continued on Page Two.) 1 W.- WW. Coroner's Jury : Was Out Only Five Minutes in Making Out Verdict in Tragedy Case. Only a coroner's inquest was neces sary to free W. P. Cox, confessed slayer of Frank Penton, former chief of police at the Pensacola Shipbuild ing company. The jury brought in a verdict that Penton "came to his death by a gunshot wound, inflicted by Cox In justifiable defense of Ms life," after they had been out but five minutes. The applause In the court room of the justice of the peace where the in quisition was held yesterday morning, was deafening when Judge Johnson pronounced the verdict and Cox was warmly congratulated by men from all walks of life, who had witnessed the hearing. L. D. Green, Charles Simpson, V. C. Branch, Wat Gentry, J. R. Marble and George Harper com posed the jury. State's Attorney R. A. McGeachey was present to hear the testimony. Geo. Earl Hoffman represented the defendant. Developments at the hearing show ed that physical assaults made by Penton on Mrs. Annie Maroena, a woman well over 60, his housekeeper and formerly owner of a soft drink stand on West Zarragossa street, were the direct cause of the shooting. Pen ton, it was brought out in the testi mony, while in a nude condition, beat and misused the woman late Tuesday night until she was compelled to seek safety In Cox's bedroom. It also de veloped that Penton was drinking at the time he fired at Cox. Apparently very much calmer than he had been Friday morning after the tragedy occurred, Cox sat by the side of his lawyer, Geo. Karl Hoffman, as witnesses were examined and later made a straight-forward statement of the shooting and the events which led up to it. He wore the shirt which he had on at the time Penton fired at him at his home,- on the grounds of the shipbuilding plant, and exhibited bullet holes, torn places in the ma terial and the marks of powder burns on his bare skin. He said that Pen which took them over. Legal limita tions placed on some of the principal war-time government controlled are, railroads, 21 months after the war ends; espionage act. at the end of the war; government operation of ships, five years after the war. ' Agreement upon the naval appro priation bill, fixing the personnel for ton had cursed and slapped him even before shots were fired. He made no mention of his wife, who is said to be Innocently the women in the case. Senational testimony was given by (Continued on Page Two.) Ik0 SH00MG0F -PENTOK HELD JUSTIFIABLE BOND BIDDERS GET EXCITED I COMPETING School Board, At Long Ses sion, Failed to Act On Any of Numerous Offers for Warrants. ANOTHER MEETING TO BE HELD MONDAY Fair Premiums, Were Of fered By Most of Bidders for the $150,000 Issue of Warrants Authorized. Bidders from various sections of the country wrangled in a heated four- hour debate with each other and mem bers of the county board of public in struction last night the board's attempt to dispose of $150,000 in time war rants without arriving at any defi nite conclusion. Sig Steiner, of Steiner Bros., Birm ingham, was high bidder and recog nized as such,, but because . of the many qualifications in the 6 per cent bids it was decided to conduct a hold over session Monday for the purpose of repeivlng 5 per cent bids, with the right to decide on the 6 per cent bids Reserved- Two propositions on 5 only will be considered at the meeting, a straight proposition for delivery and payment at once of $150,000 and a sec ond proposition of deferred deliveries with "payment of $25,000 each 30 days for 6 months at the option of the board. An attempt to put in deposi tory bids was over-ruled. The high bid was for a premium of $6,090,straight proposition, with a sec ond bid of $4,590 premium with de layed deliveries of $25,000 per month, the option to. deliver, sooner resting with the county. It's constitutionality was doubted, as the bidder had failed i to endorse the $2,500 certified check requirea, payable to the school board as, it was claimed, had previously been decided upon, but was made out to Steiner himself. After the board held an executive session he was per mitted to endorse it in this way. Five bids in all were submitted. each covering the full amount In time warrants which the Florida legislature has authorized for educational pur poses in this county. H. T. Adams, ravies-Bertram Co., Cincinnati, of fered $3,075 straight premium, par and accrued interest; Ray Baum, Silver man and Huyck, Cincinnati, offered $2,35? premium; Alfred Holman's bid for J. C. Mayer and Co., Cincinnattl, was for $4,657 premium;. The Ameri can National Bank of Pensacola of fered a straight premium of $1,500; W. Li. Slayton and Co., of Toledo, through their representative, Fred .Dean, offered par and accrued interest and $5,250 premium as the first propo sition, $4,500 premium, par and $5,250 premium as the first proposition, $4, 500 premium, par and accrued interest subject to deposit with a Pensacola bank, the same to bear 4 per cent interest, deposits to - be $25,000 cash, $25,000 within 30 days, $50,000 within 90 days and $50,000 within 120 days, and a third proposition paying a prem ium of $5,250 with delayed deliveries, $25,000 in 30 days and $25,000 each 30 days thereafter with the option of tak ing up all or any amount sooner than that in which event the company pays of 1 per cent on all deliveries. G. G. Wood, of Graves, Blanchard Thorn- dyke, Toledo, was also among the bond buyers at the meetinr, but he did not make a bid. Excitement Intense. Intense excitement marked the meet ing and Judge Beggs, chairman of the board frequently was forced to Inter rupt the arguments and call for or der. Contention centered around the bid of Mr. Steiner. Alfred Holman made vain attempts to pick flaws in the bids of Steiner Bros. The argument grew hot when he characterized the former's bid , without the required en dorsement as a famous trick of all bonding houses with meaningless fig ures and pleaded .with the board that Steiner be not allowed to dicker with them when his case was so hopeless. Steiner reiterated that his check was as good as a. liberty bond with Hol man still defying its validity. At this point Morris Bear, who was a spectator at the meeting offered to vouch for Steiner's check and said that he would put up a bet with Hol man matching the amount of the cer tified check. At this point the chair man interposed and declared that wag ers could not be allowed at'the meeting. FIANCES Fl DR DRY DOCK HERE; ALL ARRANGED1 Secretary o f Bruce Dry Dock Goes to Philadelphia to Arrange Details With Fleet Corporation. WORK MAY BEGIN WITHIN 15 DAYS Resident Engineer Who Will Supervise Construction is Already on Ground Await ing Word to Start. With all financial arrangements made for the construction and equip ping of a repair shop to cost approxi mately $200,000 as required by the TJ. S. Emergency Fleet Corporation in their proposal to the Bruce Dry Dock company here to construct a floating dry dock of 5,000 tons capacity, at a cost of approximately $430,000, Seere tary Thomas A. Johnson, of the Bruci company, left last night for Philadel phia to arrange the final details. Mr. Johnson expects it will be nec essary for him to be in Philadelphia for only a few days in getting the de tails, preliminary to the beginning of actual construction work on the pro ject, arranged. He expressed the be lief last night, just before leaving th city, that work. In all probability, will begin Inside of two weeks. Guy W. Cobb, engineer in the em ploy of the Emergency Fleet Corpo ration, is already on. the ground and will begin activities as soon as the word is given that all details have been arranged and the Emergency Fleet Corporation is ready for the pro ject to proceed. He will remain in the city through the entire period of con struction of the dock and perhaps longer. It was the desire of the fleet corpo ration that as many local men as pos sible be interested In the project and that this desire has been fully met. especially by the laboring classes, is evidenced by the great number who have subscribed for stock, organized labor taking an active part in the campaign. From the time construction work is well under way till the dock Is fin ished and after it is estimated that the enterprise will employ an average of about 1,000 men, most of whom will be skilled workmen, making a pay rcll of something like a million dollars a month. After the dock is completed the pay roll will be maintained to as great or even greater extent, it is ex pected, by the number of ships that will be brought Into this port for re pair work. The enterprise also means the at traction of more shipping and is one of the facilities that had to be pro vided by some means for Pensacola to receive the recognition to which she Is entitled in the devolpment of South American trade and trade with other foreign ports. ENGINEERS ARE LAST AMERICANS TO LEAVE RUSSIA Archangel, Russia, June 28. The last of the American forces here, a battalion of the 110th Engineers, with the exception of Brig. Gen. Richard son, the American commander, and a small detachment of headquarter troops, embarked for Brest today. General Richardson and the headquar ters troops will remain here several weeks. The departure marks the close of American participation in the Arch angel campaign. DORSEY WANTS POWER TO USE STATE GUARDS Atlanta, Ga., June 28. Gov. Hugh M. Dorsey. on the occasion of takin oath of office for his second term to day, recommended to the lpriiatn,. that the governor should have broader authority in dealing with threatened mob violence. The governor should have authority to take precautionary measures without waiting for a cail from local authorities for military as sistance, when he learns of threatened mob violence, Dorsey said.