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THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 22, 191&
DAILY WEEKLY SUNDAY Journal Publishing; Company LOIS K. MAYES, President. WAYNE THOMAS. Vice-President and Manager. HOWARD LEE MATES. Secretary and Treasurer. Conducted from 18?2 to 115 Under the Editorship and ManaKmnt of Col. Frank I Mayes. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS American Newspaper Publisher Association Florida Press Afocltlon. Soathern Newspaper publishers' Association .1 ......... On week, uauy ana sunaaj ... Two Week. 1mi1y and Sunday .. One Month. Dally and Sunday ...... Three Month". Hally and Sunday, Six Months, Dally and Sunday Ci.il.. 4"it T"W a ...... n'JHUB vmjr, vn a -- - The Wkly Jprn.l. On. J ,j:bi;'in' advance. BUSINESS OFFICE EDITOFIAI. DEFT. Pre- ? 1500 O M.n.SnV Edftor W ?- nM5T- 15?2 Roeletr Editor 4t Offl jU BM Cor. Intendencia and Delna Sta .1 .35 . ICS zs .so 1.50 1.50 ' ... .1n.lv.hi ntiMA to tB otherwise credited In this paper and also to local news published. . Entered a a second class matter at h S0"1- Pensacola. Fla.. under Act of Congress. March 3. H7- lUoresented tn the General Advertising Field by CONK. LORENZEN wiwua ... Kaw Tork. Chicago. Detroit. Kanaaa City. Atlanta. PENSACOLA. FLORIDA. AUGUST 22, 1919 PENSACOLA'S GREAT TERMINALS. The increased volume of foreign trade com merce naturally following the termination of the war brings out fully the necessity of marine termi nals available for rapid handling of marine com merce. The Gulf Marine Register, published in New Orleans, carries a most interesting article in rela tion to the terminals of the gulf. Florida and Ala bama railroad, illustrated by a picture of the great electric coal pier, which has a capacity of 1,200 tons per hour. The Marine Register says: The purpose of this article Is to set forth the importance of the natural deep-water harbor at Pensacola, Fla., with reference to the connec tions and the marine terminal facilities of the Culf. Florida & Alabama railway company. The Gulf, Florida & Alabama Railroad com pany owns and operates a line of railway from the port of Pensacola, Fla., northerly to a junc tion with the Southern Railway at Klmbrough, Ala. This line Is located through properties of the largest lumber companies of the south and serves a heavy cotton producing territory. Of the gulf ports, the nearest ports quali fied by depth of water, protection to shipping and general location as great export and Im port points are the ports of Pensacola. New Orleans and Mobile, The port of .Pensacola possesses the deepest water, not only of any harbor on the gulf, but south of New York and Newport News. The natural direction of traffic movement for export or coastwise shipment from southern states and the entire central west is south. " The marine terminals of the Gulf,. Florida & Alabama Railway company at Pensacola at a the most modern and efficiently planned ocean terminals on the gulf or Atlantic seaboatd south of Newport. News. These terminals con- . stst of a tract of thirty acres, extending into the bay, originally under water and reclaimed by back-filling, having storage capacity for 600 cars, with frontage of approximately one-quarter mile in the business center of Pensacola. Of this thirty acres, twenty-three acres In the marine terminals are available for open storage. Also, an additional twelve acres in close proxi mity to the marine terminals are available for open storage. ' ' From these terminals and storage yards extend three piers, at which six vessels may be docked for loading and unloading at the same time. The track layout is so designated that each pier la served by such track and yard facilities th.tt, in anticipation of ship's arrival, the complete cargoes for these ships may be concentrated in properly distributed "loaded" yards with an -empty yard for each pier. The Gulf. Florida & Alabama Railway com pany also tuts a direct connection with the plant f the Pensacola Shipbuilding company, having six miles of track within the shipbuilding plant. With Its connections on the north and its extensive marine terminals on the south, the Gulf. Florida A Alabama Railway company is in excellent position to efficiently handle any Class of traffic offered. able men, and the local committees aro a&so com posed of men fitted to cope with large problems. But it must be remembered that little time remains for taking the decisive steps which will decide not only where the centennial is to be held, but how it Is to be financed. No movement has ever been put under way of so great importance tov Florida as this, which will mean not only a great exposition of the products 6f the world, but will. advertise every part of the state as nothing else could do. It is apparent, from the advertising in and out of Jacksonville, that that city is going to insist that we hand over our birthday celebration to her, But Pensacola is equally determined to have her party under her own vine and fig tree. The Tampa Tribune suggests that the hundredth anniversary of the constitution of the United States will come on September 17, 1919, and says:. "Why not bring your part of the lunch and goodies down to Florida," Uncle, and Join with us in our Florida purchase centennial? Both of us together could sure kill a big 'un." There is little doubt but that the federal gov ernment can be persuaded to give aid to the Florida celebration, and It would be fitting that the two celebrations be observed together in 1922. in Pensa cola, the oldest city in the United States, where the exchange of colors took place and. where the first provisional government was" established. Florida Prcso Opinion COLIING EVENTS CAST THEIR SHAD OVS BEFORE THEM FITTING HISTORICAL CELEBRATION. A Pensacollan who has Just returned from racksonvilie declares that s Jacksonville Is out to sin the centennial. He points out that everybody m talking centennial, that, centennial pennants and tdvertlsing of every character, are boosting the ?entennlal for Jacksonville, and that the spirit to jold the great exposition there, is most determined. Pensacola feels that every right gives the cen nnial celebration to this ciry. But we cannot get Hie exposition here without a battle. Every man. voman and child in the city should work for the tentennlal, and no possible effort should be spared. Cvery merchant in Tensacola, every professional nan, every interest of every kind should lend its -jpport and cooperation to the movement. The Clearwater Sun says: It is now beginning to look as though Flori- da would have a real, first class exposition in celebration of the Florida purchase centennial. W. G. Brorein, of Tampa, and the West Coast generally, has received official notification of his appointment as a member of the commis sion provided for by the last legislature to carry on this work. The other members of the com mission are John B. Jones of Pensacola; W. A. Mac Williams of St. Augustine; C. M. Cooper of Jacksonville, and George W. Allen, of Key , West. The personnel of this commission was well chosen and South Florida is especially to be congratulated on having Mr. Brorein as its ; special representative. lie is excellently well qualified for the position and has the confidence and esteem of the entire population of this ctlon, where many times in public matters ability, energy, integrity and personal pop ularity have been important factors In assuring success in public, as well as private, enterprise. It la only two more years before the big expo sition win be getting ready to open, and with the commission appointed and the cooperaiion f the peoui,, ct the state, its success is already Knurr. The mn who compose the committee are all ACTION, NOT TALK. The meeting called by the governor for dis cussion of the high cost of living, and which was held on Friday in Jacksonville, was attended by less than one hundred persons. When themeeting, was proposed by the governor, It was looked upon' by .the people of the entire state as a fiasco, which tt proved to be. Commenting on - this, the Times4 Union says: . J Because less than 100 people on Friday -.j evening attended the public meeting, called by the chief executive of the state. In the Doval county armory, it must not be taken to mean that the people of Jacksonville are not Inter ested in the high cost of living, for the con sideration of whicn the governor proclaimed the meeting to be held. They are interested,- as has been said above, but more In the man ner of handling the situation that has assumed unbearable proportions, rather than In the mat ter of holding meetings whereat speeches, more or less political in character, are In prospect and at which resolutions that accomplish noth ing are to be adopted, and then forgotten. The people of Jacksonville, in common with millions of others throughout the coun try, have reached the point where they regard '. action, rather than talk, the enforcement of the law rather than resolutions, as being in order now. and that is why they manifested no in terest in the meeting in the armory Friday night. They feel that even one arrest and conviction, with appropriate punishment, under the law of the land is more important in the direction of putting an effectual stop to illegal and shame ful profiteering than any number of meetings attended by thousands meetings at which the froth of talk avoileth nothing except to relieve ' the talkers, while - action, legal and stern, with , results, will accomplish what they desire a ' reasonable reduction in living costs that have ' been unjustifiably and illegally advanced. That action is already under way; results will follow. The arrests that have already been made by the United States government, the public sales of food stuffs, and the parcel post distribution have already had a tendency to bring down prices, and these will continue to fall as long as the federal authori ties hold the dealers legally accountable. A SANTA ROSA FARM. Santa Rosa County is noted for other things than lumber and timber mills. The Milton Gazetto frequently calls attention to the fine farming, but the following stery from the current issue indicates that this is an unusually good fruit year in that section. Telling of a recent visit to a Miltorfarm, the Gazette says: .This farm, known as the Bannerman place, is located about four miles west of Milton. ' Arriving at the farm, we were cordially greeted by Mr. W. B. Pack, the present owner of the place and his estimable wife. Being in terested in the farming possibilities of this Im mediate section, Mr. Pack took us out into his pear orchard, where the trees were literally breaking under their load of ripening fruits. While he has a young orchard Just coming Into bearing, "this older orchard In which the trees are now twelve years old, numbered eleven trees. He had already sold off practical ly one hundred bushels of pears from these eleven trees. He further stated that he expects to harvest at. least another hundred bushels making a total of two hundred bushels for which he will receive etoee to $406.50, as these pears are finding a ready market at from $1.75 to $2 per bushel. In addition to his argicultural achievements. this practical farmer la getting a start in cat tle, well bred hogs, goats In his drove of which he has a high grade Angora male, all of which he expects to not only feed from the farm, but to enrich the farm by their presence thereon. When we left this farm, we realized pos sibly as never before, what really can be done on a Santa Rosa farm, and how nearly ideal life on such can be made. COLORS FOR THE ESCAMBIA. Nothing could be more appropriate than the movement suggested by the Pensacola Tacht Club for a set of flags to be presented to the great fabri cated steel vessel, named for this county. The name Is typical of West Florida, and is al most as old as that of Pensacola. Originally an In dian name, Escambia, the Spaniards in the early days of settlement eliminated the double vowel for the Spanish "it, and the name is closely identi fied with the early days of Spanish settlement. It has been suggested to The Journal that in presenting this set of flags to the Escambia, where Old Glory would of ourse, take precedence, an idea which might be carried out with propriety would be a flag combining the colors of the five governments under which this city and section were administered, placing the colors of the United States in the' center, with the colors of France, Spain. Great Britain and the Confederacy at the four corners. Whatever plan may be devised, certain it is that nothing could more surely prcve the Interest and pride of the city and section thv.n the presenta tion of a set of flags to the Escambia, as suggested by the Pensacola. Tacht Clu. Note this: A Pensacola milliner has opened a branch house in Chicago where she will give Chicago ladies the fine opportunity of getting some Pensa cola style. That's the Florida way of doing busi ness. Miami Metropolis. The campaign for a cow on every farm la a good ohe for all the southern states, and for Florida especially, where cows can be kept cheaper than in almost any other section of the country. A cow on every farm would not only materially reduce the living expenses of the farmers as a class, but would Insure a greater supply of milk, butter, meat and hides for the rest of the world, for not one farmer in a hundred who starts out with one cow, and keeps in the game at. all, will stop with one cow only. They will gradually build up a little herd and at the same time the basis of both Individual and community prosperity, such as has not been known before Milton Gazette. This Annexation Talk. This talk of West Florida being added to Ala bama is so idiotic that the News has never before given space to serious mention of it. However, It seems that there are some people both in Alabama and West Florida who believe that an attempt will be made to carry out such an Illogical and insane movement, regardless of what the people of West Florida desire. When the time comes it will bo found that West Florida can and will fight for its existence as a part of Florida, and Will not, under any circumstances, become a part of Alabama. This paper has never looked upon the matter other than as a piece of political buncombe pulled off for the personal benefit of rotten Alabama politicians. St. Andrews Bay News. None Vacant Here. St. Petersburg, the "Sunshine City," over on the gulf cbast, has a population of 5,557 white persons and In the town are 700 vacant houses, according to a report in Saturday's St- Petersburg Independent of a religious canvas of the town Just completed. This port reads as follows: -1 Statistics of the recent religious census taken by the evangelistic churches of the city,' with the Catholic church cooperating, show that ' there are 40 religious sects represented here and . that there are now In the Sunshine City 5,570 , white persons, of whom 5,557 are cither mem bers of some church or have a preference for one of the existing denominations here. Only two agnostics were found in the city and only 679 persons admitted that they did not attend church and had no inclination or desire to at tend any church. The canvass showed that there are 700 houses in St. Petersburg that are now . vacant, or were vacant when the census was taken four weeks ago. Miami Metropolis. The Land of Automobiles. An automobile statistician says that Great Bri tain has one motor car to every 225 people, France one to every 400 people and Italy one to every 840. They average one to every 353 people. The Ignited States has one to every 18 people, which means at least one for every four families. , Some captious critic might say that a great many of these are not, properly speaking, "auto mobiles." Flivver jests, however, may as well be barred from the disoussion. Admittedly, the Ameri can car is not the same as the average European car. The latter is more substantial and commod ious, and more expensive. This is the result of the different point of view. The European manufacturer has regarded the au tomobile as a luxury. The American manufacturer. generally speaking, has regarded it as a necessity, and planned accordingly for utility rather than luxurious ease. The response ef the American public has cer tainly justified this practical democratic viewpoint. And the Europeans are coming around to It. The demand abroad for simple, small, strong, depend able cars is said to be growing rapidly.. Eventually " one family out of four in Europe may have an automobile. And by that time every American family will have one. Daytona JournaL y-: ' va ' C 7 SAVIGBMS Does Tampa Want the Centennial Exposition? The meeting called for Tuesday evening- at the court house, by Marr McKay, to determine what action shall be taken by the city of Tampa regard ing the Florida purchase centennial exposition, is one that should call out a large attendance of citi zens. It is a question of vital Interest to us, for unquestionably the exposition is designed to be the biggest thing of the kind ever brought out In the state. It will involve the expenditure of several millions of dollars, of which the general government will be asked to furnish a part,. The state and city In which the exposition is located will be expected to furnish the rest. If It is a success it will at tract great crowds of people from all parts of the union and some from foreign lands. These people must be housed and fed while here. There are but two cities in the state which can hope to do this with any degree of success. Jacksonville and Tampa, and it is probable that their resources will be taxed to the utmost. Of the two Jacksonville has the ad vantage in size, but labors under a disadvantage in location. The exposition Js expected to be a great advertisement for the state but those individuals who confine their visits to Jacksonville will see lit tle of Florida. On the contrary if the exposition Is held in Tampa, ttiey will be brought down through he center of the state. All the scenic beauties of the highlands, "the backbone of the state, with Its myriads of lovely lakes, its magnificent pine for ests, Its thousands of acres laden with golden fruit, will be spread in panoramic vision before their eyes. and they will know Florida as It really is. If it Is decided to put on the exivjition In Tampa. It will call toe the energetic and united sup port of all its citizens. We cannot afford to be identified with a failure, nor do we wish to be. If we Invite a crowd of people here we must make great preparations for their support and comfortable maintenance while here. We do not want them to go away soured and disgruntled with Tampa and cursing it with every breath. Such advertise ment is not conducive to the welfare of any city. It is expected that the meeting tomorrow night will decide whether we shall enter the lists as an aspirant for the honor of holding the exposition or rot. Hence it Is especially desirable that there should . be a large attendance. Turn out. Tampa TimeF "' - . : HAVEIMEASD I DTOffS The purchase of government bonds and savings stamps has increased rather than decreased savings depos its In the banks of the country. Re cent statemepts from various sections, from Los Angeles to New York, show that since the armistice was signed the savings banks of the Country have been floated with deposits. New York state recently passed the $2,000, 000,000 mark, with the number of de positors running up to more than 3, 500,00.0. The deposits piled up steadily all through the war period. A statement covering savings deposits in all banks other than national. Issued In Febru ary, 1919, showed that, the amount arose from $5,147,592,232 to $7,727,007, 971 In 19fS. The U. S." Postal Savings Banks found January and February of the present year exceptionally big months for savings. Net deposits' for March had dropped to about half what they were In January. Officials of the pos tal savings banks, however, said that' March is 'always at a low figure In deposits because of the annual labor migration." This year, also, receipts were lowered by the withdrawal of aliens who were attempting to return to Europe. The total increase, how ever, during the three months was ap proximately 9,500,000. The postal savings banks have con ducted -only very limited education il campaigns in the past, and credit for recent big increases is freely given ta the work done In the savings stamp campaigns. Persons who get the thrift habit practice it in savings deposits as well as in thrift and savings stamp purchases, it has been shown. The figures prove that in the tre mendous call upon the people of the country for money to float the Liberty Loans and the war savings campaigns, deposits were not generally withdrawn from the savings banks. On the con trary, it appears that extra effort has been made to pay for stamps and bonds out of the family income with out touching the "nest eggs" that are growing In the savings banks. An interesting statement prepared by the national war savings committee of Great Britain says: "The estab lishment 6f the national savins! movement did not starve other organ izations for thrift. It stimulated them." It also shows that deposits In the British Pontofflce? Savings Bank were 18S millions in 1915, and increased ti 242 millions in 1919. A commerce report issued in June shows that in Japan, all records for savings have been broken in the early part of this year. The average month ly increase has been about 12.000,000 yen.. ($5,982,000) since February, 1918. It may well be noted by Americans that they will be obliged to practice thrift to the utmost if the United States is not to lag behind the other nations in savings. Deutsche Allgemelne Zeitung. , Already one new minister, an under secretary, a political director and a personal . reporter have undertaken their new duties at the foreign office. .The system will be altered so that one individual will control all rela tions with one given country where as now political, commercial and new relations were handled separately. There are about fifty diplomatic posts to be filled besides countless legation and consular positions. The rank which, diplomats abroad will take is still, uncertain and it U considered that many countries will appoint charge d'affaires, an example which Germany must follow. The Allgemelne says that the gen eral commissary at Versailles. Direc tor Simons, after leaving the state service, will become bu sines director of the Imperial Association of German Industry. WITHOUT EYES OR HANDS DUBUQUE SOLDIER LABORS Washington. Aug. 21. The case of Henry A. Bitter, of Dubuque, Iowa, which has attracted the attention of congress on account of his double "total disability," has been acted upon by the case board of the federal board for vocational education. The explos ion of a hand grenade in France re sulted in blindness for this young man and caused injuries which neces sitated the amputation of both of his hands. Since leaving school at' 14, young Bitter had studied phnrmacy, working at the same time in a drug store. He had become a graduate and registered pharmacist. In con ference with vocational advisers from the board he expressed his desire to continue in the. drug 'business. The case board has approved a course in the manufacture of proprietory medi cines Including courses in salesman ship and business administration. His brother Is to act as his tutor during the course. With the new "artificial hands which are being made for him. after this course of training, this se verely disabled soldier will be able with the help of a suitable assistant to live a self-dependent life. Vocational training is Justified by Just such examples. No man, how ever severely injured, need despair," as long as he has the will to do. O PEACE MY. London, Aug. 21 The provisional regiment of American soldiers who followed General Pershing ; In the peace day procession was the first sample of American fighting troops to march In London. Other organizations seen here had been on their way to the battlefields, while these men were returning. "Here were the Americans In steel helmets, marching In companies eight abreast, with bayonets fixed," said the i Daily Express. "They were as Jovial as any when 'the procession halted, for a time, but while they marched their faces were as serious and as immobile as the gravest of graven images. They made a profound Im pression on the onlookers. Their marching was Roman in its iron stern ness and precision." A magnificent regiment It was. said the Dally Telegraph, "young men all of them and the quintessence of the alert and lithe khaki clad In brown steel helmets they looked most work manlike. - " "How magnificently they marched, swinging past in perfect alignment, with a long, easy stride, heads held high and shoulders squared," said the Dally News. ' They are greeted vocif erously "with as good cheering as I ever remember having heard in Lon don. ...... ', "There was a grim, indomitable look about Pershing's men." said the Daily Sketch, "an effect greatly heightened by their shell helmets, and It made all the more wonderful the burst of clear color which followed as their massed banners came by. Old Glories, along with the rest, held American fashion so that the fabric flew freely and no shred of color was lost. The cheering of, the crowd turned at the sight to a great ah of delight. "Except for the passing of the massed colors of the guards with theit laurelled staffs, it was the most pic turesque moment of the procession. LLOYDS "WRITES" PRiNCE 07 VALES GERMAN FOREIGN OFFICE IS SLOW IN ORGANIZING Berlin. Aug. 21. Reorganisation of the foreign office will begin soon, but it cannot be expected to move very .swiftly since xhe newcomers must take some time to become acquaint ed with their near work, says . the t uvery Ln::iilinn thinks er Uo 1 vciturci osct cf th- leaten p-ttb. ra It wj cults aU'nI ta f . i tf Vil i hru:j txie o'n few Cc.asl roiir.-, tra I.- rane V j t:,rtttl ya American Urr. Cits szapcot wjj taken J?st as he wa I . ; trials of LlovJ.