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Read the Real Estate Advts. tn today's Journal. To sell or rent Real Estate, advertise la The Jour nal. The Journal has been the lead ing Real Estate medium In West Florida for over 20 years. FLORIDA WEATHER. Fair Monday and prpbably Tuesd.iy with not much change .n temrerature; gentle variablo winds. " V0L. XXII NO. 278. PENSACOLA, FLORIDA. MONDAY MORNING OCTOBER 20, 1919. PRICE FIVE CENTS REPOBUSN ES PER ATE TO OCK ; RATIFICATION S MA KM D EFFORT BL ORGANIZED LABOR FIGHTING MOST CRITICAL BATTLE OF FEDERATION'S EXISTENCE While in Death Grip With Steel Corporation I. . W. -W. Agents From Within Knaw at Its Very Heart Strings) REIGN OF TERROR IN INDUSTRY THREATENED Gompers in Address Before In dustrial Conference Made Strong Appeal For Arbitra tion of Steel Strike (By GEORGE H. MANNING-) Washington, p. C. Oct. 19. Organ ised labor, as represented by . the American Federation of Labor, Is fiaiiting the most critical battle of Its fx.stence. While in a death grip with the United States steel corporation ami straining every sinew to obtain a victory in the strike whlch-may mean Iif or death to the organized labor movement, it is the beast from within. acents of the I. "W. V. and intensely radical elements working for its down, fall, that gnaw at its very heart itrinjrs. The foremost leaders of the Ameri can Federation of Labor know that thoy must obtain a victory in the ilash with the steel corporation, and mut also obtain from the , industrial conference now in session here a ri-copr.ition of . union principles and a new, liberal ajid humanitarian work in? agreement to be put in force be ':wn capital and labor in all "Aroerl nn industries, or must give way to a radical or Bolshevik movement that 'ill attain its ends by . force and de struction. While the labor leaders are battling 'nr tlm .-ir Itta nt tYiet linlnn labor organization, the structure, is being torn down also from within, and while puhlie sentiment is being turned csainst the organized labor movement V tho succession of unauthorized strikes and hasty walkouts that have within the past few . weeks caused M-rious paralysis to important public business. The radicals and I. W. "W.'s in the ranks of labor are dissatisfied with the peaceful, persuasive and concili atory processes through , which the A. F. of L. leaders have sought to tt.iin ground. Their constant claims of defeat for peacful methods and ad vocacy of ruthless destruction of in ijstry as a better weapon are respon sible, the A. F. of L. officials attend ing the industrial conference assert, tcr the numerous unauthorized strikes vvl overwhelming votes in favor of r.rikf: in almost all wage disputes. A.t intense feeling of indifference to consequences and recklessness anions the working element has been lrouht about by a sudden relaxation from tho strain of the war that has Riven the radical agitators a fertile ffM upon which they have worked Industriously with marked success, the labor leaders declare. ' The rank and file of the union work are pood, patriotic citizens, well ifiM-i;, lined -.rvd having the general P-Nie welfare at heart, and the labor 'fa iers attending the industrial con rente assert, and unauthorized or spontaneous walkouts like that of the kneshoremen, the expressmen and t"i nsters in New York, represent only Wti.ite cases of a few radicals galn the upper hand and guiding an un and destructive course. The indifferent and reckless atti ' of the working classes first '.Hve,i itself in Russia following the a- "f Czar Nicholas, spread to all countries of EuroDe. nartlcularlv E-S'unci. and is now gaining ground :; and bounds in the United s 's until it has reached the point -fr- the I. W. W.'s and Bolshevikis ""eaten In. nvnrt Vt mxxr the A V rf T. '' '.he recognized orderly and con--"vative leaders of union labor and to yz command with a wave of the red -ie. they admit. ' Pr:,ient Samuel Gompers admitted existence of this state of affairs eloquent address to the indus-r;4'- conference here last Tuesday, Vn he made an impassioned appeal th representatives of the public the employers to adopt his reso-'-'or. for arbitration of the 'steel The employers group would ' J'-P'.d howivpr unrl XTr Rnmmrs. tM', Grani !d Man," went home to Lc-ci suffering from a mental I'.vs.;cal breakdown. - " situation within the ranks ff j-zM labor, with the radicals and gvcV' 8 exertin8' aI1 their powers Vn, enhrw the conservatives led by -Pers, with occasional indications 6.-rtnKasure of success, is bringing if-nibje uneasiness . to the lead- I I tCoatinued on page three TREATY FIGHT TO ENTER ON FINAL PHASE Republicans Expect to Block Ratification by Standing To gether on Program of Reser vations. "Washington, Oct. 19. The long treaty fight in the senate is about to enter Its final phase. Leaders hope during the coming week to clear away all proposed amendemnts and make substantial progress in framing the ratification resolution. Virtually conceding that no amend ments will be adopted, opposition man agers are determined to .- mil if y the ratifying resolution with reservations, and Senator Lodge, Republican leader, declared In a statement tonight that a decisive majority would stand for reservations that would be "unequiv ocal and effective." Privately - opposition leaders de clared Lodge's claim was backed by an understanding amountlngvirtually to compelete agreement ambong all the forty-nine Republicans , and six Democrats to stand together,' for a re servation program evolved after many weeks of conference. How far the re maining forty-one senators will go In opposition to reservations is an un certain question even in the minds of some of their leaders. They have stood unreservedly through the long fight cation that would not require the for the president's program of ratifi treaty's submission to other powers, but it is for the president himself to decide finally whether and reserva tions adopted will recquire resubmis sion, and his Illness has left the ad ministration leaders somewhat in the dark. CONDITION OF PRESIDENT IS ENCOURAGING CONDITION OF Washington, Oct. 19. Having ob tained relief from the prostatic condi tion which retarded his recovery last week. President Wilson was the vic tim today of slight digestive troubles. His condition otherwise throughout the day. Rear Admiral Grayson an nounced tonight, was unchanged." The bulletin said: "The president has a slight digestive disturbance today. Otherwise his condition is unchanged." During the day it was said the presi dent's physicians were greatly encour aged by his condition, notwithstand ing the digestive troubles and that last night was the first time Dr. Gray son had not been called for some rea son to attend the president after he retired. Dr. - Grayson has 6pent the night at the "White House ever since the president returned from his speak ing trip. WEST FLORIDA TO GET MORE CARS FOR SAW MILLS Washington. Oct. 19. Congressman Smithwlck, of Pensacola, called on of ficials of the railroad administration today to urge that steps be taken to furnish more cars to the lumber ship pers of Florida situated west of the Apalachicola river. Several complaints have been received from the saw mill men of western Florida. The railroad administration officials promised Mr. Smithwlck that a considerable im provement in the situation would be made within the next week. - Drew Peacock has been appointed a permanent rural carrier at Altha, Cal houn county, Florida. ' ! '-' RAILWAY CLERKS MAY WALK OUT IF DEMANDS NOT MET Boston. Oct. 19. Approximately 1, 200 members of the local branch of the express division of the Brpther hood ' of Railway Clerks today unani mously endorsed the proposition for a nation-wide strike of the brotherhood early next morning unless the wage' demands before the railroad adminis tration were granted by November Z LEPER COLONY BE DISCUSSED IN CONFERENCE State Health Officer Green Ar ranges For Engagement Be tween Catts and Surgeon Gen eral Blue Next Week. Washington, Oct. 19. Senators Fletcher and Trammel! have received telegrams from Dr. Ralph M. Green, state health officer of Florida, ttating that he had been requested by Gov ernor Catts to request, them o ar range with Surgeon Geierol Blue for an appointment for a conference with the governor next Thursday motnlng. Dr. Blue said he would be delighted to see the governor and those who may accompany him to conference. While Dr. Green did not mention the purpose of the conference it 13 presum ed it will be In regard to the pro posed plan t-t locate a federal leper wony In Florloa. The Florida senators arranged for a conference of Governor Catts and several other officials with Surgeon General Blue last week but the delega tion failed to arrive or send any ex planation. There Is no possibility of locating the leper colony in western Florida, but if it is put in the. state at all it is learned it will be located on an Biland off Cedar Keys. - BARRICADE DIXIE HIGHWAY; HOLD UP ALL AUTOMOBILES Chattanooga. Oct, 19. When indig nant citizens of James county put a rope aroundj the neck of James Oliver and strung him up to a tree shortly after midnight near Oclewah, he broke down and is alleged to have told the name of his companion, who he said shot and killed "W. H. Mcintosh, deputy sheriff, a few hours earlier. It is .charged Oliver, who is not yet twenty-one, and Ed Martin, whom he named, barricaded ,a section of the Dixie highway Saturday night, and held up all automobiles ! that passed. Citizens went armed with pistols and shotguns to capture the bandits and were themselves captured by the bays, and for a time six men and one woman were held at bay by one while the other continued the holdups. Oliver was finally wounded while the other scaped. Oliver is in jail, while posses are searching for Martin. Both are Just discharged from the army. "CONGRATULATIONS!" GERMS UN DER GUARD CLEAN UP RUINS OF WAR Between Ypres and Dixmude by Thousands They Are Stacking Shells, Burying the Dead and Fixing Land to Till. - - Dixmude, Belgium (By Associated Press) Scattered over the ; low-lying country between Ypres and Dixmude, scenes of many a battle, are thousands of German prisoners under guard of British and Belgium soldiers as wll as civilians who have been called into the gigantic task of clearing up the battlefields and once more making it fit for. habitation. They are "stacking shells, recovering "brass - cases , and burying the dead.' ' There is a mili tary efficiency about their work and the progress they are making is most gratifying for all the governments con cerned. ,- " '' , . One may still see the ruins of many British and Belgian tanks, caught in the German shell fire, now twisted and broken wrecks. . Now they. lie rustei and neglected, mere shells of the once powerful - machines which went , into action. Some , of them . are ' almost buried in the mud, other shang pre cariously on the edge of dilapidated trenches, while still others stand high in the 'fields where they were aban doned by such of their crews as sur vived. Many of them are torn and riddled as though their heavy armored (Continued on Page Two.) ; VISCOUNT ASTOR DIED SATURDAY HEART DISEASE London, s Oct. ; 19. Viscount Astor of Hever Castle, died of heart disease Saturday morning. He ..had been In failing health for a year. The body is lying "at the residence of his son. "Wal dorf Astor, "member of parliament, . In St. James square.. ,' : . Through Viscount Astors wish his body will be cremated, and it is un derstood the ashes will be placed In a private chapel in his one-time coun try home, Cliveden at Taplow Bucks, now occupied by Waldorf Astor. William Waldorf Astor was born in New York in 1848, and was the great grandson of John Jacob Astor, founder of the. Astor millions. He became a British subject In the early nineties, was made a baron in 1916, and a vis count in 1917. He was the richest man in England, and had also large hold ings in the United States START FOR RGCKAWAY AT 6:30 TODAY Long Flight From Local Station to Be Completed in .Two and a Half '-- Days If. Plans Are Fulfilled. Expecting to complete flight to Rock away, Long Island, in two' and a half days, a distance ' of approximately 2,800 miles, Lieutenant Webster "Wright and Lambert Hewitt will hop-off from the Naval Air" station this morning at 6:30 o'clock, it was announced . last inight by Lieut. Wright. Fair weather conditions are promised. From a point in. .the vicinity of Cedar Keys the. flyers in two H-16A flying, boats will proceed across coun try a distance of about 120 -miles, to Jacksonville. They will spend the first' night at Brunswick, Oa, the sec ond at Hampton Roads and arrive at Rockaway Wednesday at noon. A water course will be followed all the way up the coast from Jacksonville, as well as from Pensacola to the vi cinity of Cedar Keys. Lieut.' Wright Is to be In charge of the expedition and will pilot one of the boats with Machinist M. P. Cook as assistant r pilot. Lieut. Hewitt will be chief pilot of the second boat and will be assisted by Ensign Burr Chase. A crew of mechanicians .will .be as signed to each boat. - Lieut. Wright admits that wind and weather .will have much to do . with the success of the expedition,"' but as serts that, although , the distance is nearly the same as from New York to Liverpool, he will have no trouble in making it if the weather Is favor able. : The H-16A . boats are two-Liberty motored and are the largest used at the local air station. - Many hops to New Orleans and Mobile have been made. It being nothing- unusual for pilots to make the round trip in an afternoon. Last spring a number f the 16's flew to Cuba and manouevor ed with the fleet in annual practice. Probably the most severe tet on the present flight will come when the 120 miles overland flight across Florid is made, because any failure of motor or plane would mean a forced, and prcb ably fatal landing; In the woods5 or B ffimps. - -. , ; The men connected wit'i lh sxptdi tlon which in many respects is to be one of the most remarkable under taken by the navy, received J -radically all their training st tne local station, and Li--;t. Wright sinrnt a year in patrol flight over the English chan ncl Curing tho war. , ' FLYERS TRAM LOAD OF PENSACOLA BOOSTERS FOR CENTENNIAL GET AWAY TO TALLAHASSEE F ISH ARMY REPORTS FALL OFPETROGRAD Finnish Announcement Not Cor roborated From Other Sources Says Report From Wash ington. Washington, Oct. 19. The fall of Petrograd and the occupancy of that city and the fortress of Kronstadt by the Russian anti-Bolshevik troops, has been reported officially by the general staff of the Finnish army to a Vpsburg representative of the north west government of Russia. This Information reached the state department tonight. .It was said, how ever, a direct dispatch dated today from the state department's represen tative nearest Petrograd, said the Finnish official announcement was not corroborated from other sources. , London, Oct. 19. Red troops which returned from Krasnoye . ,.Selo and Gatchlna 'shortly T. afterwards reoccu pied both "towns and the soviet army started a counter, offensive, which promised success, says a wireless dis patch tonight from Moscow. The dis patch adds land batteries at Kronstadt repelled attacks of the British fleet. New York, Oct. 19. Appeals to the people of Russia to throw off the yoke of Bolshevism and .turn to a govern ment of "true domocracy," written by a score or more of prominent Ameri can statesmen, business men, editors and leaders, are to be given wide pub licity throughout that country by the magazine "Struggling Russia,'' it was announced today. - The magazine published by the Rus sian Information bureau in the Uni ted States, announces that articles are being prepared in a special issue, thousands of copies of which will be sent to the land of the Red Terror for distribution. FAIL TO AGREE ON EMPLOYER AND LABOR QUESTIONS Washington, Oct. 19. The solution of the difficulties threatening the life of the national industrial conference seemed more hopeless than ever to night after the conferences of the cen tral committee in a three-hour session tailed to conciliate the differences be tween the labor and employer wings. The. tentative agreement which was reached late Saturday on the vital question of collective bargaining was shattered at the meeting today when the employers' group insisted on add ing to 'it a substitute resolution clause declaring for thfe right of employers and employees to bargain individually. The labor delegates unqualifiedly re jected this clause. The conference re convenes tomorrow. GERMAN BODIES WILL BE REMOVED SAYS COMMANDANT Chattanooga", Tenn., Oct. 19. The local post of the American Legion af ter an investigation of ther charges that American soldiers and German prisoners were buried together in the national cemetery here, the com mandant, Charlie Hood, announced to day the Legion will see that the graves are changed "if it's necessary to take the matter to the floor of congress for authority to 'separate the loyel, patriotic Americans from the traitor ous aliens who were Interned because of their plottings against the United States government." The Confederate veterans, G. A. R.. and Women of the American Federa tion will aid, it is said. , COMMANDER GETS DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL New York. Oct. 19. A distinguished service medal was conferred on Com mander Evangeline Booth of the Sal vation Army today for exceptionally 'meritorious and distinguished service. Ufl Spirit Demonstrated at Concert on Departure Was Evincing of Unanimity of Local People in Enterprise. PENSACOLIANS WILL PLAY TRUMP CARD Florida Purchase Commission Will Be Shown This City Has Not Only the Spirit But Fi nancial Arrangements as Well Pensacola's special train load of Centennial Boosters left for Tallahas see at 8:30 o'clock last night. Before leaving a concert was held and hun dreds of people, friends of the dele gates and centennial boosters, saw the special on its wy. The train left from the L. & N. .station on time 'midst the cheering of the happy and hopeful throng. John Frenkel spent a half hour be fore the train started, teaching t all hands to sing "Pensacola Town." The Fort Barrancas band mn.rl tn trin with the delegates and gave a concert before the train pulled out. There was all kinds of enthusiasm In evidence and Pensacola workers felt confident of annexing the centen nial. Pensacola has one strong card to play today. Under the laws of the State of Florida, no municipality can issue bonds without a special author izing act from the legislature. Jack sonville therefore has no way to raise money-except by taxation, which will bring an undue strain on the tax pay ers. Pensacola is prepared to sell bonds, a special act of the legislature, giving her authority to sell $1,000,000 for the purpose of a centennial. A full discussion of all the aspects of the case by centennial workers last , night gave the impression that if Pen sacola does not get the big centennial today it will be because there Is some thing wrong in Denmark. - Following were among the local business and professional men on the train who are determined to land the big show enterprise: J. H. Collins, Leo Fabisinskl, Everlasting Fabrics Co, Bennie Landrum. Isis Theatre by John nie Jones, Pensacola Electric Company by J. A. Holtzclaw, Consolidated Gro cery Company, Pensacola Crockery & Dry Goods Company by Ike Hirsch man. White & White. Oentry-Strick- W.HU company, Harry w. Thompson, w . xi. ivilDee. JVfarntnn JB. r,,t i... ler music House, Elebash Jewelry Company, Fisher-Brown Insurance Mumo, iUl AKency. Angeio Griffin, D. S. Oppen heimer. Child Restaurant, M. L. Roch & Son, H. M. Ban- Boiler Works, J. E ?aar"W T-J160' Baa. E. R. Malonej John H. Cross. Vasso & Company. Pensacola Evening News, Mayes Printing Company, Central Garage by Fred Schad, .Rox Crowley, Palace Cafe. xeoaujt, A. Henry White rr0iners, u. It ayi A p Wlck cv;ann ,Alre Repair Company. Ready-to-Wear, Balkcom Drug Com pany, George Emanuel. Meharg & Testman. San Carlos Hotel Company. The John White Store. Pensacola Bulck Company, M. & O. Clothing Store, Sol Cahn & Company, John Sl derls & Company. M. G. Forche'mcr & Company. L. E. Nobles & Company. Victor Bokas, Dr. J. C. Baldwin, W E Lazelle, George P. Wentworth. W M ii. S,P,nk,e. Peter Llndenstruth Chero-Cola Bottling Works, Hyeia Bottling Works. Albert Klein, LaSiode rfh- n ComPy. Charle, LIberis. B. & B. Fruit Store. B. & B Cafe, W. C. Difflnderfer. J. O. "Walker nVH,nr,Ch8' CUy cni!ssIoner: John B. Jones, city attorney; Ray Hardware Company, Levy & Hallmark Riverside Cafe. B. C. Duval. SouThern Yacht Club. Lime-Cola Bottling Com. SEE IThM-we,bster-4The Brother ft r n Agncy- "arrison SSrtir' ?h ?rT?, 'Phased 3 tickets), The Lewis Bear Company 5S ',c NO AGREEMENT IN SOVIET BLOCKADE MADE BY GERMANY Berlin, Oct. 19. Contrary to reports from London and Paris. Germany has not yet replied to the note from the entente urging a common blockade of savlet Russia, according to official inTormation today by the Associated Press. The statement was made that the German cabinet had not yet taken up the- subject for serious deliberation.